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EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
EngWri 300 (Gary)
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EngWri 300 (Gary)

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Getting started on research--topics, keywords, LOIS and ProQuest Research Library

Getting started on research--topics, keywords, LOIS and ProQuest Research Library

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  1. Finding research materials in LOIS and library databases ENGWR 300 (Gary), Spring 2008 Jeff Karlsen, LRC Librarian [email_address]
  2. Doing research in LOIS and library databases: Getting started <ul><li>What is your topic ? You should be able to summarize it in a single phrase </li></ul><ul><li>The effect of cell phones on leisure </li></ul><ul><li>24-hour cable news and the decline of newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>The stock market crash of 1987 and “grunge” music </li></ul><ul><li>*** </li></ul><ul><li>What are keywords ? </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas, phrases, topics </li></ul><ul><li>When you search for information, you can combine them </li></ul>
  3. Topic  Keywords <ul><li>Topic : social effects of cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords : </li></ul><ul><li>cell phones, cellular phones, mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>privacy </li></ul><ul><li>work, leisure </li></ul><ul><li>communication, community </li></ul><ul><li>individuality, isolation </li></ul><ul><li>consumption, conspicuous consumption </li></ul>
  4. Research Materials <ul><li>What kind of information are you trying to find? </li></ul><ul><li>Background information </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of how people reacted to an event </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarly studies of a particular phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Images associated with a person </li></ul><ul><li>Artistic representations of an event or phenomenon </li></ul>
  5. Research Materials <ul><li>3 basic types: </li></ul><ul><li>Reference </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Sources </li></ul>
  6. Reference Materials early in the process; whenever you need to know more about the “big picture” When to consult discover context; get ideas; learn “common wisdom”; check facts; collect references for further reading Purpose LOIS; browse 2 nd floor; databases (e.g. Oxford Reference Online); web directories How to find encyclopedias (including subject-specific); dictionaries; atlases; books of statistics (e.g. Statistical Abstract of the United States) Examples
  7. Scholarly Secondary Sources when you have a topic but are still working on the argument When to consult tie disparate ideas together; model analysis; give you something to set your argument against Purpose Databases (esp. Research Library); LOIS How to find article from academic journal; book (often on university press) Examples
  8. Primary Sources when you already have an argument that you are hoping to “flesh out”; when you want to find very specific information about a particular event; when you need to complicate arguments from secondary sources When to consult shows you how an event or phenomenon was viewed at the time; allows you to speculate from “raw material”; provide you with individual perspectives Purpose library databases; LOIS; web directories How to find newspaper or magazine articles; letters; speeches; memoirs; images Examples
  9. Library Website <ul><li>Link on the SCC website </li></ul><ul><li>http://scc.losrios.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Library home page </li></ul><ul><li>http://scc.losrios.edu/~library </li></ul>
  10. LOIS : Books, audio/visual media, reserve materials, e-books
  11. DATABASES – articles, image collections, reference works, e-books
  12. Using LOIS <ul><li>When searching for books on a particular topic, you have a choice of searching by keyword or by subject </li></ul><ul><li>Keyword searching </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas, words, phrases—can be in title, subject, author, chapter titles </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of results </li></ul><ul><li>Not very precise </li></ul><ul><li>Subject searching </li></ul><ul><li>Subject terms are in a particular form—not intuitive </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer results—you might miss some relevant books </li></ul><ul><li>More precise </li></ul>
  13. LOIS Keywords  Subject <ul><li>Enter keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Skim results for promising books </li></ul><ul><li>Click on the title to see the full record </li></ul><ul><li>Look at subject </li></ul>Good subject headings; click on one to see more books on the same topic
  14. Important search tips: Boolean logic AND finds only those materials that contain BOTH terms OR finds materials that use EITHER term (more results) NOT (sometimes AND NOT ) finds articles that contain one term, but not the other. white supremacists AND aryan white supremacists OR militia groups white supremacists NOT photography
  15. Important search tips <ul><li>Enclose phrases in quotation marks (“body piercing”, “american idol”); not always necessary, but never hurts </li></ul><ul><li>Ending a word with an asterisk (*) searches different endings (blog* searches blog, blogs, blogging, blogosphere etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Keyword often searches only the citation (title, author, abstract, subjects), not full-text of article. You can often force the search engine to search full-text in a dropdown screen. </li></ul>
  16. ProQuest Research Library scholarly journals, general interest magazines, a few newspapers select “document text” for more results keywords here important! OR, AND NOT, other options also available
  17. Important search tips <ul><li>Enclose phrases in quotation marks (“body piercing”, “american idol”); not always necessary, but never hurts </li></ul><ul><li>Ending a word with an asterisk (*) searches different endings (blog* searches blog, blogs, blogging, blogosphere etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Keyword often searches only the citation (title, author, abstract, subjects), not full-text of article. You can often force the search engine to search full-text in a dropdown screen. </li></ul>
  18. ProQuest Research Library: Refine search
  19. ProQuest Research Library: Collecting materials <ul><li>“ Mark” documents to review later </li></ul><ul><li>Use “My Research” tab to view marked documents </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail, print, or save full text </li></ul><ul><li>PDF generally better for preserving images—they don’t always display correctly in “Text+Graphics” </li></ul><ul><li>Choose citation format—beware, sometimes format is not done correctly </li></ul>
  20. CQ Researcher: In-depth reports reasonably current information Start with simple keyword search
  21. JSTOR : Advanced Search Screen JSTOR contains lots of book reviews; exclude unless you want them Journals go back to the late 1800s! Limit your search to specific disciplines (useful if your keywords have several possible meanings) No subject searching; “near” connectors can help
  22. World Wide Web <ul><li>Who creates the content on the Web? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the advantages? Disadvantages? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you find more reliable information on the Web? </li></ul><ul><li>Is Wikipedia a good resource? </li></ul>
  23. Analyzing URLS <ul><li>http:// scc . losrios . edu </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www . google . com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// mail . google . com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www . google . com/ reader </li></ul>subdomain 2 nd -level domain top-level domain directory (folder) “domain name”
  24. Top-level Domains .com, .org, .net, .info, .us, .biz, .tv, etc etc etc etc .gov, .edu, .mil Unregulated (may or may not be reliable) Regulated (often reliable)
  25. Evaluating Websites <ul><li>Who is responsible for it? </li></ul><ul><li>When was it last updated? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it contain a lot of ads? </li></ul><ul><li>What sorts of other sites does it link to? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it show obvious bias? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it cite references for the information it contains? </li></ul>
  26. Subject Directories <ul><li>Limited number of websites, selected by librarians as useful for research; search the directory with your keywords and explore the sites listed in the results </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians’ Internet Index </li></ul><ul><li>http://lii.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Infomine </li></ul><ul><li>http://infomine.ucr.edu/ </li></ul>
  27. Questions? Need more help? <ul><li>Reference Desk, 2 nd floor of Learning Resource Center </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: 558-2461 </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail me: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Find the page for this course at: </li></ul><ul><li>http://scc.losrios.edu/~karlsej/instruction </li></ul>

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