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Getting started on research--topics, keywords, LOIS and ProQuest Research Library

Getting started on research--topics, keywords, LOIS and ProQuest Research Library

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    EngWri 300 (Gary) EngWri 300 (Gary) Presentation Transcript

    • Finding research materials in LOIS and library databases ENGWR 300 (Gary), Spring 2008 Jeff Karlsen, LRC Librarian [email_address]
    • Doing research in LOIS and library databases: Getting started
      • What is your topic ? You should be able to summarize it in a single phrase
      • The effect of cell phones on leisure
      • 24-hour cable news and the decline of newspapers
      • The stock market crash of 1987 and “grunge” music
      • ***
      • What are keywords ?
      • Ideas, phrases, topics
      • When you search for information, you can combine them
    • Topic  Keywords
      • Topic : social effects of cell phones
      • Keywords :
      • cell phones, cellular phones, mobile phones
      • privacy
      • work, leisure
      • communication, community
      • individuality, isolation
      • consumption, conspicuous consumption
    • Research Materials
      • What kind of information are you trying to find?
      • Background information
      • Statistics
      • Evidence of how people reacted to an event
      • Scholarly studies of a particular phenomenon
      • Images associated with a person
      • Artistic representations of an event or phenomenon
    • Research Materials
      • 3 basic types:
      • Reference
      • Secondary Sources
      • Primary Sources
    • Reference Materials early in the process; whenever you need to know more about the “big picture” When to consult discover context; get ideas; learn “common wisdom”; check facts; collect references for further reading Purpose LOIS; browse 2 nd floor; databases (e.g. Oxford Reference Online); web directories How to find encyclopedias (including subject-specific); dictionaries; atlases; books of statistics (e.g. Statistical Abstract of the United States) Examples
    • Scholarly Secondary Sources when you have a topic but are still working on the argument When to consult tie disparate ideas together; model analysis; give you something to set your argument against Purpose Databases (esp. Research Library); LOIS How to find article from academic journal; book (often on university press) Examples
    • Primary Sources when you already have an argument that you are hoping to “flesh out”; when you want to find very specific information about a particular event; when you need to complicate arguments from secondary sources When to consult shows you how an event or phenomenon was viewed at the time; allows you to speculate from “raw material”; provide you with individual perspectives Purpose library databases; LOIS; web directories How to find newspaper or magazine articles; letters; speeches; memoirs; images Examples
    • Library Website
      • Link on the SCC website
      • http://scc.losrios.edu
      • Library home page
      • http://scc.losrios.edu/~library
    • LOIS : Books, audio/visual media, reserve materials, e-books
    • DATABASES – articles, image collections, reference works, e-books
    • Using LOIS
      • When searching for books on a particular topic, you have a choice of searching by keyword or by subject
      • Keyword searching
      • Ideas, words, phrases—can be in title, subject, author, chapter titles
      • Lots of results
      • Not very precise
      • Subject searching
      • Subject terms are in a particular form—not intuitive
      • Fewer results—you might miss some relevant books
      • More precise
    • LOIS Keywords  Subject
      • Enter keywords
      • Skim results for promising books
      • Click on the title to see the full record
      • Look at subject
      Good subject headings; click on one to see more books on the same topic
    • Important search tips: Boolean logic AND finds only those materials that contain BOTH terms OR finds materials that use EITHER term (more results) NOT (sometimes AND NOT ) finds articles that contain one term, but not the other. white supremacists AND aryan white supremacists OR militia groups white supremacists NOT photography
    • Important search tips
      • Enclose phrases in quotation marks (“body piercing”, “american idol”); not always necessary, but never hurts
      • Ending a word with an asterisk (*) searches different endings (blog* searches blog, blogs, blogging, blogosphere etc.)
      • Keyword often searches only the citation (title, author, abstract, subjects), not full-text of article. You can often force the search engine to search full-text in a dropdown screen.
    • ProQuest Research Library scholarly journals, general interest magazines, a few newspapers select “document text” for more results keywords here important! OR, AND NOT, other options also available
    • Important search tips
      • Enclose phrases in quotation marks (“body piercing”, “american idol”); not always necessary, but never hurts
      • Ending a word with an asterisk (*) searches different endings (blog* searches blog, blogs, blogging, blogosphere etc.)
      • Keyword often searches only the citation (title, author, abstract, subjects), not full-text of article. You can often force the search engine to search full-text in a dropdown screen.
    • ProQuest Research Library: Refine search
    • ProQuest Research Library: Collecting materials
      • “ Mark” documents to review later
      • Use “My Research” tab to view marked documents
      • E-mail, print, or save full text
      • PDF generally better for preserving images—they don’t always display correctly in “Text+Graphics”
      • Choose citation format—beware, sometimes format is not done correctly
    • CQ Researcher: In-depth reports reasonably current information Start with simple keyword search
    • JSTOR : Advanced Search Screen JSTOR contains lots of book reviews; exclude unless you want them Journals go back to the late 1800s! Limit your search to specific disciplines (useful if your keywords have several possible meanings) No subject searching; “near” connectors can help
    • World Wide Web
      • Who creates the content on the Web?
      • What are the advantages? Disadvantages?
      • How do you find more reliable information on the Web?
      • Is Wikipedia a good resource?
    • Analyzing URLS
      • http:// scc . losrios . edu
      • http:// www . google . com
      • http:// mail . google . com
      • http:// www . google . com/ reader
      subdomain 2 nd -level domain top-level domain directory (folder) “domain name”
    • Top-level Domains .com, .org, .net, .info, .us, .biz, .tv, etc etc etc etc .gov, .edu, .mil Unregulated (may or may not be reliable) Regulated (often reliable)
    • Evaluating Websites
      • Who is responsible for it?
      • When was it last updated?
      • Does it contain a lot of ads?
      • What sorts of other sites does it link to?
      • Does it show obvious bias?
      • Does it cite references for the information it contains?
    • Subject Directories
      • Limited number of websites, selected by librarians as useful for research; search the directory with your keywords and explore the sites listed in the results
      • Librarians’ Internet Index
      • http://lii.org/
      • Infomine
      • http://infomine.ucr.edu/
    • Questions? Need more help?
      • Reference Desk, 2 nd floor of Learning Resource Center
      • Phone: 558-2461
      • E-mail me: [email_address]
      • Find the page for this course at:
      • http://scc.losrios.edu/~karlsej/instruction