Question One In what ways does your media product use,develop or challenge forms and conventions of real media products?
My media product which is a Five minute documentary does notchallenge or develop the forms and conventions, it uses the formsand conventions as this is what works for the target audience. I haveused all forms and conventions in the documentary, the radio trailerand the newspaper advert.My documentary follows the forms and conventions of DocumentaryGenre, and during the documentary there are interviews and theseinterviews also follow forms and conventions, they follow the formsand conventions of filming and editing interviews.
Our documentary follows the rule of including sound throughout. We use a mixture of diegetic and non diegetic. The diegetic sound comes from the interviews where the voice of the interviewee is what can be heard at the time on the documentary, however for cutaways there is also non diegetic sound but as cut aways are used during interviews or in-between, the sound had to be muted so that the interviewee could still be heard or so that the voice over could still be heard. We also use non diegetic sound. This is the music bed we use in the opening title sequence, this music bed also relates to milk as the song itself is about milk. ● In the start of this BBC documentary about Africa it includes opening titles and non diegetic sound to match. http://www.bbc.co.uk/i/p010jc6r/ Similarly in my documentary the opening titles are accompanied by a music bed.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SrJUUJDFTdg
During a documentary there could include a person who is filmed whotells the audience about the documentary, however somedocumentaries just have a voice over where the speaker cant be seen.This is called Voice of God. We used voice of God in our documentaryto accompany our filming and cut aways.During this BBC documentarycalled Natures wildest eventsthere is voice of God usedwhen showing footage. When my documentary includes cut aways such as milk vans there is a voice over which is explaining why it is shown.
Almost all documentaries must have an exposition. This Is the mainreason for a documentary. This is where the documentary includesconflict and makes the audience raise questions.As our documentary is mainly about milk prices the conflict raised iswhether milk will become really expensive, whether it will becomecheap again or whether cattle farmers will carry on producing milk asthey do not earn enough money.
Mise en scene is also important fordocumentaries as they have to be relevant tothe documentary topic. For example all of ourcut aways are of milk or relate to milk in someway, we would not include cut aways ofmangos and lemons as that would beirrelevant to the theme of the documentary.
The lighting in a documentary must not seem too unrealistic, forexample in a dark room with only a camera light. In our interviews wedid them all in day light so that the natural light from outside couldcome in through the windows and also the lights inside the roomcould light up the rest of the room so that nothing in the mise enscene was blacked out or blurry.
Documentaries can also include archive footage if the footage couldnot have been filmed by themselves usually in a documentary that ishistorically themed, we included some archive footage throughout ourdocumentary.
Documentaries are factual therefore information included cannot be lies. All our information was truthful, with informationfrom websites and information we found out ourselves fromquestionnaires we made. For example we asked 20 peoplewhat their favourite milk was, the answer with the highest votewas semi skimmed therefore in our documentary we stated thatsemi skimmed was the most popular amongst the people in oursurvey.
Documentaries include a variety of different camera workincluding shots and angles. In order to make thedocumentary look more interesting we ranged our cutaways so that they where different.Close upOver the shoulder shotTracking shot
Documentaries include interviews and we have included fourinterviews in our five minutes. Each interview has a different themethat relates to milk. The interview does not include the questionsasked just the answers the interviewee gives also if there is anymoment in the interview where they look at the camera or the camerais zooming, this is where a cut away is placed over. For all ourinterviews we have also followed the codes and conventions offilming interviews for example all our interviewees are framed eitherright or left and looking towards the opposite direction and at theinterviewer not at the camera, they are filmed in a medium shot andthey have appropriate mise en scene.
Documentaries also include graphics. Weincluded graphics on our interviews. We did thisto introduce the interviewees onto the screenso that the audience gets an insight of their joband who they are.