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Plant Utilisation Essay  Bancroft Park
 

Plant Utilisation Essay Bancroft Park

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    Plant Utilisation Essay  Bancroft Park Plant Utilisation Essay Bancroft Park Document Transcript

    • 1 MR121 ‘Vegetation Analysis’ Case Study 1 of 3: Bancroft Park Karl Barrett.
    • 2 Plant Utilisation MR1212, Vegetation Analysis— Karl Barrett Student Number 30066539. 2009/2010. Myerscough College.2 Case Study 1: George Bancroft Memorial Park, Blackpool “In the face of considerable physical chal- lenges, the objective was to integrate separated communities either side of the site.’’ Landscape Institute (2010)1 1. George Bancroft Park Description and Evaluation of the Site Conditions Location Revoe Blackpool (Appendix 1, Maps and further In formation) Altitude Blackpool, located at 53.8167 [latitude in decimal degrees], -3.05 [longitude in decimal degrees] at an elevation/altitude of meters. The average elevation of Blackpool, is 1 meters. (Mongabay 2008) Proximity to coast 1 mile (Google Maps 2010) Type of scheme Public Green Space Size 8 Ha (LI 2010) Client: ReBlackpool (LI 2010) Contract Value £11.5 million (LI 2010) Completion Date May 2007 Contact Details kirtsy.staines@aecom.com (LI 2010) Awards Highly Commended 2009 Landscape Institute Awards Design over 5Ha (LI 2010) Project Team Lead Consultant: AECOM Design and Planning (LI 2010) Engineer: Blackpool Borough Council (LI 2010) Lighting Consultants: Dpa Lighting Consultants QS: Gardiner and Theobald (LI 2010) Art: Gordon Young Why Not Associates, Ian Vickers (LI 2010) Contractors Contractor- Volker Stevin, Landscape contractor: English Landscapes Picture (I) Landscape Institute, (2010). George Bancroft Park (phase 1). Accessed on 15/02/2010 via http:// www.landscapeinstitute.org.uk/casestudies/casestudy.php? id=59
    • 3 1.1 Introduction A unique entrance into Blackpool from the M55 merging two once separated communities. The two sculptures have a contemporary and modern edge whilst having a functional use as climbing walls with qualified rock climbing instructors which in turn can reduce anti social behaviour in youth and provide active community participation in a ward of significant social deprivation. (Kazmierczak et al 2004, UKC 2010, Blackpool Council 2008)
    • 4 Plant Utilisation MR1212, Vegetation Analysis— Karl Barrett Student Number 30066539. 2009/2010. Myerscough College.4 1.2 Conditions Landscape Architectural aims and objectives Bancroft Park is the newest public Green Space in Blackpool since the 1920’s Stanley Park. The park itself from visual observations is in excellent condition but this is to be expected as the space is less than five years old. (Landscape Institute 2010) The Architects involved in the park regarded the site as physically challenging as up until the late 1980s with the task of replacing a large inac- cessible car park where the park stands today. The space was occupied by railway sidings creat- ing a gulf between two communities therefore the objective was to integrate the two communities either side of the site. (Landscape Institute 2010) The alteration intended to generate a community park full of activity and a unique entrance into Blackpool from the M55 that would support both local and visitor needs through an amalgamation of peaceful gardens and lawns with active themed play and all-weather sports areas. This included strong landform and planting, exciting lighting effects, sculptural walls and two dramatic climbing towers. (Visit Blackpool 2010. Landscape Institute 2010). This picture is an overview Satellite image of the Bancroft Park site (Re Blackpool 2010)
    • 5 Topography Blackpool the word in itself conjures up really prominent pictures in my minds eye of the seaside and generosity of abundant rainfall.Blackpool topography is composed from Permian and Triassic overlain by thick deposits of glacial drift, blown sand, peat, alluvium and silt. Rocks consist of gravel ridges and are best described as elongated whale-shaped hills formed by glacial actions (Drumlins) The higher planes of Chorley and Leyland indicate that the underlying rocks have emerged from this drift. (Cite) 2. Identification and Analysis of Planting Types 2.1 A summary of existing Vegetation Pine trees are used North edge of the play area and Shrub planting used as a buffer between the park and the housing, with meadows adjacent. Cite (Van naturalistic planting). Next to the ‘ocean themed’ play area, tropical style planting has been used in an exciting and reviving colour scheme example). Swathes of Phormium tenax has been used around the climbing walls. (Landscape In- stitute 2010). See Appendix 3 for an in depth vegetation analysis – My Photographic Research, Plant Identification and Analytical Commentary.
    • 6 Plant Utilisation MR1212, Vegetation Analysis— Karl Barrett Student Number 30066539. 2009/2010. Myerscough College.6 Above picture - Feature street furniture uses granite with anti-skateboard detailing. Minimalist feel planting includes, Contrasting colours, Lime is reviving, red is warm and draws the eye in, Anti skateboard seats in circles promoting community, Nice beige colour floor brightens the place up and is reflective, Grassy verge interactive and nice for picnics and relaxing, sunbathing, Inspirational scheme to an area that was in desperate need of regeneration. Picture left - The climbing walls themselves are large slabs of black concrete which act as land- marks, with contrasting red granite walls along- side these areas. In combination with the climb- ing walls, bouldering walls have been constructed using a diverse assortment of rock types. Reflect- ing on my prior youth offending work there were some success rates in reducing anti social behav- iour in the area through diversionary activities. (Blackpool Council 2008). However through a re- flective discussion with my tutor and student col- league I identified that the park wasn’t used enough and no evidence was found that their was community participation in the parks design and construction. Suggestions were made that schemes could have run such as plant a tree scheme and other educational horticultural inclusive techniques.
    • 7 ‘These streets hold my childhood, your childhood. Revoe is the living heart of the town, even though it’s a dump.’ Local Resident ‘Bloomfield Talks’ (Grennan 2009) The enclosed quote6 was extracted from ‘Bloomfield Talks’ a community developed book given out to the residents of Revoe, (my community/residence) where Bancroft Park is situated. The resident refers to Revoe as a ‘dump’. In my own view this is partially true in one hand we have a Landscape Institute awarded park full of colour, vibrancy and a positive paradox to Blackpool’s Victorian style park but on the other hand we have a ward of significant social deprivation. Significant efforts, (above picture) are being made to regenerate Blackpool and George Bancroft Park is a fantastic platform in Horticulture, Social Development and Urban regeneration. Hope- fully the development will inspire the minds of others as it has mine. Whether they are positive or negative remarks regarding this it is all a platform for discussion which is the foundations of any community development to be sought.
    • 8 Plant Utilisation MR1212, Vegetation Analysis— Karl Barrett Student Number 30066539. 2009/2010. Myerscough College.8 Analysis You can see Blackpool Tower in the top right hand corner following a row of terraced houses that have been given grants to make their properties more aesthetically pleasing, followed by a sea of neat car parking next to Blackpool business park and football club, well lit for safety and an array of plants that will be the focus of this papers vegetation analysis. Unfortunately litter is quite problematic for Blackpool especially during the tourist season; this can be illustrated through looking closely at the above picture where litter is wrapped round the stem of a rose. However the area has been well maintained through visual observation as a local resident. On a flip side the mulch used which is wood chippings is coming onto the pavement slightly that if not maintained could become unsightly. A minor issue is the mulch coming on to the pavement and this is from blackbirds turning over the woodchip for worms, so it is a simple job for the road sweeper or community members to push the mulch back onto the soil bed. Perhaps the planting could have been better although I take an optimistic stance that the area feels safer and more vibrant therefore the positives well outweigh the negatives and this is what Black- pool needs. It is proved green environments has an affect on the mental health of groups and indi- viduals and I firmly argue that as an aspiring Landscape Architect it is very important to see the big- ger picture of the interdependent relationships between man and the landscape.
    • 9 With regards to the housing the paler colours to the far right of the colour spectrum are soft and soothing and mix well with styles from Brighton and Devon, both seaside towns, however and this is only an opinion the colours are a bit ‘hard’ on the eye ranging from a dark blue, to a coral and even a grape purple colour, interestingly there is a flavour of rebelliousness with the two unpainted houses and this to me is a perfect symbol of what the area is a clash of old and new, the past the present and the future, social change and resistance. All in all the entire Park has brought many immeasurable and measurable benefits to the community and the area. As a whole Blackpool is feeling much safer and vibrant and believe it’s a positive step forward. Picture to left. Bancroft Park playground in construction, (Re Blackpool 2010) 2.1c Plant Identification From the previous picture in the Analysis section, working from bottom left hand corner anti clock- wise and then round the steel fence this essay identifies all the plants within the picture. I re- turned in Winter 2010 and took pictures of the same bed to gain an insight of change and to see the plants out of summer season. ‘All plant species have been chosen for their hardi- ness to sea air and suitability for costal environ- ments ‘ Landscape Institute (2010)
    • 10 Plant Utilisation MR1212, Vegetation Analysis— Karl Barrett Student Number 30066539. 2009/2010. Myerscough College.10 Rosa rugosa ‘Blanc Double de Coubert’ (RHS 2006, EDAW 2010) Euphorbia characias wulfenii (RHS 2006, EDAW 2010) Pinus mugo ‘Mini mops’ (RHS 2006, EDAW 2010) Rudbeckia niida ‘Herbestonne’ (RHS 2006, EDAW 2010)
    • 11 Hebe rakaiensis (RHS 2006, EDAW 2010) Phormium cookianum hookeri ‘Cream Delight’ (RHS 2006, EDAW 2010) Stachys byzantine (RHS 2006, EDAW 2010) Sisyrinchium striatum ‘Aunt Mary’ (RHS 2006, EDAW 2010)
    • 12 Plant Utilisation MR1212, Vegetation Analysis— Karl Barrett Student Number 30066539. 2009/2010. Myerscough College.12 Cytisus x paecox ‘Albus (RHS 2006, EDAW 2010)
    • 13 3. Description of existing maintenance After speaking to one of the groundskeepers, (Personal Communication Bancroft Park 2010) they kindly gave me an overview of maintenance and expenditure as follows: January/February Hard landscaping Tree work Renewal of areas Fencing Path making Planting Hedge laying Pruning Edging Re-shaping of borders Diversions
    • 14 Plant Utilisation MR1212, Vegetation Analysis— Karl Barrett Student Number 30066539. 2009/2010. Myerscough College.14 March/April Border maintenance Chemical application Turfing Pruning Weeding Planting Lawn maintenance, i.e. scarify, spike or core, top dress, fertiliser. Start mowing, if weather suitable Mulching seeding General clean up after winter
    • 15 May/June/July/August Mowing Spraying Weeding Edging Strimming Pruning Hedge Trimming Fertilising Mulching Seeding September/October Mowing Scarify/spike/top dressing/fertilise lawns Leaf clearing Turfing Pruning Cut back/clear and tidy herbaceous borders Hard landscape Tree and shrub planting Spraying November and December
    • 16 Plant Utilisation MR1212, Vegetation Analysis— Karl Barrett Student Number 30066539. 2009/2010. Myerscough College.16 November and December Less mowing Planting Leaf collection Tree work Hard landscape 5 Recommendations How would you improve it on Plant Species? LI accredited highly commended therefore would not change and am proud of such a great develop- ment the plants were planted due to their adaptability to salt tolerance and a coastal strip Lancashire climate. (Landscape Institute 2010) How would you improve it on Aftercare? During observation of the park as a resident and as a prior local community worker I believe that the maintenance is actually very good and this has been over the last three years. It is only through time we can really see if maintenance will be kept to a high standard although it is in Blackpool’s best interests to upkeep the park. As part of my research for this essay I had an excellent face to face meeting with Mark Scrivens Head of Parks and Green Environment, Blackpool Council whom holds a Myerscough College Horticulture degree to his professional work informed me that some trees planted were not hardened off for coastal climatic conditions and it was unrealistic to expect mature trees to survive in this location especially because of ‘wind rock’ damaging the tree root sys- tem. Large tree canopies resulted in transpiration water loss’ that result in the leaves looking brown and unattractive. Transplanting large trees is always difficult and even when successful, trees take some time to establish and look healthy. Unfortunately unhealthy trees are not an option due to the instant impact look the Council wish to achieve because of a Tourism demand.
    • 17 How would you improve it on Layout/design? As explained previously in my analytical comments this is significant progress for Blackpool and its important to remain positive and optimistic for a sustainable future, it could be argued that levelled planting could have been put at a greater height and natural screens formed but on the other hand we need to consider people’s safety which is paramount, low levelled planting, open spaces and well lit areas all features that Bancroft Park provide. therefore I believe the landscapes Architects vision is excellent and the park deserved the prestig- ious LI award I can only perceive this piece of urban restructure as a positive step forward for our local environment and a positive contribution to the community and its visitors. (Personal Communication, Blackpool Council, Scrivens.M 2010) My recommendations are more community participation through community development work through the voluntary sector, an educational aspect to the park through labelling the plants so peo- ple can learn about plant species and more horticultural incentives for groups at risk and also inter- ested in the ethos of community, e.g. youth groups, elderly, mental health and people who would like to make a positive contribution into their areas which in turn would help the community take ownership. The most significant recommendation and piece of learning is to work with nature and not against it, choose native plants conducive to the climatic conditions and soil and plant small trees suitable for the climate that have excellent root systems that have been supplied in Air Space pots, (Horticulture Week 2003) and can establish and grow. This may not be instant impact but will be worth it in the mid to long term and substantially minimise the risks of plant and trees dying in turn reducing main- tenance costs and enforcing sustainable green spaces.
    • 18 Plant Utilisation MR1212, Vegetation Analysis— Karl Barrett Student Number 30066539. 2009/2010. Myerscough College.18 6. References Arts Council England, G. S. (2009). Bloomfield Talks . Blackpool, England: Arts Council & National Lottery Heritage Lottery Fund. Bricknell. (2006). The Royal Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers. London: Dorling Kingsley. C., A. (1993). Principles of Horticulture. London: Butterworth-Heinemann. Climbing, U. (2010). Blackpool Climbing Towers . Retrieved 03 10, 2010, from UKC Climbing: http://www.ukclimbing.com/listings/info.php?id=539&t=wall Council, B. (2008). Blackpool Council. Retrieved Feb 10, 2010, from Culture and Communities Report: www.blackpool.gov.uk/.../ Item%205f%20-%20Culture%20and%20Communities%20report.doc EDAW. (2004). Blackpool Project 1: Central Corridor, Phase 1 Plant Schedule. London: (Actual Landscape Architect's Planning Docu- ments, courtesy of Blackpool Council, Parks and Green Space). Institute, L. ( 2010 ). Case studies . Retrieved February 01, 2010, from Landscape Institute: http://www.landscapeinstitute.org/ casestudies/searchresults.php?cat=8 Institute, L. (2010). George Bancroft park phase 1. Retrieved 3 1, 2010, from Landscape Institute: http:// www.landscapeinstitute.org.uk/case studies/casestudy.php?id=59 J., A. (January 30 2003). 'Air Space'. Horticulture Week , 01-02. Kazmierczak, A. (2004). The Role of Urban Green Spaces in Improving Social Inclusion 2004. Retrieved 03 10, 2010, from Salford University: http://www.els.salford.ac.uk/urbannature/outputs/papers/kazmierczak_BuHu07.pdf Mongabay. (2010). Population Of Blackpool United Kingdom. Retrieved 01 01, 2010, from Mongabay: http:// population.mongabay.com/population/united-kingdom/2655459/blackpool Personal communication, G. B. (2010). Blackpool. Personal Communication, M. S. (2010, 03 09). Blackpool. ReBlackpool. (2010). Central Corridor Phase 1. Retrieved 01 26, 2010, from ReBlackpool: http://www.reblackpool.com/projects/9/ Central-Corridor-Phase-1.aspx Science, U. (2010). The water cycle transpiration. Retrieved 01 12, 2010, from USGS: http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/ watercycletranspiration.html (2010) USGS Science
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    • 20 Plant Utilisation MR1212, Vegetation Analysis— Karl Barrett Student Number 30066539. 2009/2010. Myerscough College.20