ANO BA ‘TO?- also means groping (field method) -searching, probing into an unsystematized mass of social and cultural data to be able to obtain order, meaning, and directions for research
METODOexploration into cultural, social or psychologicaldata without the chains of overriding theoreticalframework borrowed from observations outsidethe focus of investigationcan be related to unobtrusive techniquesbecause the actual procedures for collectinginformation may range from observation,documentation, intervention, participation
ANO BA ‘TO? is an occasion for exchange of information, ideas, insights, and opinions also it is asharing of beliefs, thoughts, and experiences.an informal, free, as well as a social process of exchanging information, thoughts, and knowledge that is part of human daily activities.
Oral (pasalita) Written (pasulat) Transmitted (pasalin-salin)metodo through time Request (paki – paghingi ng pahintulot)
PROCEDURES-initially make visits (padalaw-dalaw)before living-in the community(panunuluyan)-introduce yourself to the community-invite yourself to community gatherings-initiate a conversation when in a naturalcluster-invest time in story sharing sessions
PRINCIPLES-may pakikipagkapwa sa kwentuhan-may ‘paki’ ang kalahok sa kwento-may pakinabang sa kwentuhan--libangan--linangan ng kaalaman--lunas sa karamdaman
PRINCIPLES-collective orientation(pananaliksik na sama-sama)-contains the process of validation(pagpapatotoo)-construction of social reality (pagbubuo)-cluster as unit of analysis(pagsali sa likas na umpukan)-with a topic to talk about but without a theme-worth or value of story produced from the kwentuhansession
PRINCIPLES VALIDITY trustworthiness not truth(mapagkakatiwalaan kaysa makatotohanan)RELIABILITYcertification not consistency(process of pakikipagkwentuhan-indicator)(pagpapatotoo, pagpapatibay)
Ibang Tao Category (Outsider) -V. Enriquez’ scale of relationship1. Pakikitungo -civility with2. Pakikisalamuha -interaction with3. Pakikilahok -participation with4. Pakikibagay -in accord with/level of conforming5. Pakikisama - being along with/level of adjusting
PAKIKISAMA?•originated as a Filipino value•being united with the group
-frequenting the participant-inviting them outside the bar/residence CALL -better than BOYS participant Nery, 1979 observation technique
PAKIKIPANULAYAN Nicdao-Henson, 1982• residing in the research setting• researcher lives, sleeps and eats with the host• a form of pagdalaw-dalaw
PAMAMARAAN NG PANANALIKSIK 1 PAKIKISALAMUHA & PAKIKISANGKOT 2 PAGMAMASID 3 PAGTATANUNG-TANONG 4 PAKIKIPANAYAM SA MGA PILING TAGABATID
OUR REFERENCESAmaryllis T. Torres in Sikolohiyang Pilipino: Teorya, metodo, at gamit. Rogelia R. Pe-Pua (Ed.) (1989) UP Press.Carmen E. Santiago (1975) in Sikolohiyang Pilipino: Teorya, metodo, at gamit. Rogelia R. Pe-Pua (Ed.) (1989) UP Press.Grace O. Oteza (1997). Pakikipagkwentuhan: Isang pamamaraan ng sama-samang pananaliksik, pagpapatotoo, at pagtulong sa Sikolohiyang Pilipino. PPRTH Occasional Papers Series 1997, No. 1.