Portfolio rodica school life and education


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Portfolio rodica school life and education

  2. 2. A project to help us gain better understanding of each other through the participating countries’ culture and traditions and to help us understand our own culture and traditions better. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission through Lifelong Learning/ Comenius program.This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
  3. 3. THE EUROPEAN PARTNERSHIPThe Comenius program, addresses the teaching and learning needs of all thosein pre-school and school education up to the level of the end of upper secondary education,and the institutions and organizations providing such educationSpecific objectives To develop knowledge and understanding among young people and educational staff of thediversity of European cultures and languages and its value To help young people acquire the basic life-skills and competences necessary for their per-sonal development, for future employment and for active EuropeancitizenshipOperational objectives To improve the quality and to increase the volume of mobility involving pupilsand educational staff in different Member States To improve the quality and to increase the volume of partnerships betweenschools in different Member States, so as to involve at least 3 million pupils injoint educational activities during the period of the programme To encourage the learning of modern foreign languages To support the development of innovative ICT-based content, services,pedagogies and practice in lifelong learning To enhance the quality and European dimension of teacher training To support improvements in pedagogical approaches and school management ABOUT COMENIUS MULTILATERAL PARTNERSHIPS
  4. 4. ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP THROUGH FAIRY CONTENT TALES - ACT-FACTThe project aims to develop active citizenship competencies to both pupils andteachers involved in its activities, by emphasizing different living values, suchas friendship, respect for themselves, for others (parents, children, other peo-ple), for animals and nature, equality. It also proposes to enable pupils fromthe participant countries to share a variety of culture through fairy tales andtraditional stories and to gain a better understanding of each partner’s culture.During this project, partners will develop communication skills, living values,democracy, tolerance and active citizenship. It also promote inclusive educa-tion, access for all pupils to a quality education.The project “ACT-FACT” aims to encourage pupils and teachers to work to-gether and to widen perspectives through their traditional fairy tales in order todiscover a common heros, or a common living value differently emphasized inevery country. It will valorize common European traditions; they will showdifferences and similarities, as traditions, lifestyle, literature and culture.Within the activities, pupils will research specific moral values, includingwork, friendship, self-respect, family, as a societys fundament, through tradi-tional fairy tales. During the exchange visits pupils will produce collaborativeportfolios on the selected themes.The project is designed for two years, it will bring together partners from Ro-mania, Turkey, Poland, Italy, Spain, Greece, who will work in order to achievethe project’s aims and objectives and to design final products agreed amongthe partners, such as: a common fairy tales book, a handbook containing com-mon living values and a DVD containing role-plays, photos, pupils’ songs andtheatre on the project thematic, a puzzle.
  7. 7. SECONDARY SCHOOL NO 10 SUCEAVA, ROMANIA Coordinating institution for this projectSecondary School No 10 Suceava is sittuated in Burdujeni district, Cuza Voda 1area; it opened its gates on 1st September 1981, with a school population of 639students. The school year 1990 - 1991 recordered the highest number of students -1755. Recent demographic studies show that the number of students is espected todecrease in the following years. Thus, the school population numbered 1264students in 2000-2001 (629 in primary school, 635 in secondary school) and in 2007-2008, only 864 students (430 in primary school, 434 in secondary school).School must become the center of interest for the local community and involvementmust replace indifference in the parents’ mentality; thus, these changes willinfluence their children’s education and their attitude towards education. 7
  8. 8. According to the Law on Education adopted in 1995, the Romanian Educational System is regulated by the Ministry of Edu-cation, Research, Youth and Sports. Each level has its own form of organization andis subject to different legislation. Kindergarten is optional between 3 and 6 yearsold. Schooling starts at age 7 (sometimes 6), and is compulsory until the 10th grade(which usually corresponds to the age of 17 or 16). Primary and secondary educationare divided in 12 or 13 grades. Higher education is aligned onto the European highereducation area. Education is free in public schools (including some books and auxiliary materi-als), but not entirely (some textbooks, notebooks, pencils and uniforms might be re-quired to be purchased). . The Romanian System of Education DOCTORATE MASTERS POST-UNIVERSITY COURSES TERTIARY EDUCATION UNIVERSITY (18- …) POST – SECONDARY, NON-TERTIARY (TECHNICAL/VOCATIONAL) (18-21) SECONDARY UPPER COLLEGES HIGH-SCHOOLS SCHOOLS OF ARTS AND EDUCATION SECON- (15-18) (15-18) TRADES DARY (15-17/18) SCHOOLS LOWER SECONDARY SCHOOL (11-15)PRIMARY EDUCATION JUNIOR SCHOOL (7-10) INFANTS SCHOOL (6-7) PRE-SCHOOL NURSERY KINDERGARDENS EDUCATION SCHOOLS (3-6) (1-3)
  9. 9. Education in our schoolIn our school, we teach children aged 6/7 - 14/15 years old.* Primary school: I-IV: 6/7—10/11years old* Lower secondary school: V-VIII:11– 14/15 years old At the end of the eighth formstudents get a school leaving cer-tificate.School starts in the middle of Sep-tember and ends in the middle of June the following year. It is divided intotwo semesters (September to January and February to June). There are four holidayseasons (Christmas — 3 weeks in December/January;Easter (either Orthodox or Catholic) in April or May — 2 weeks; and Summer orThe Great Holiday, spanning from June 22 to September 1), with an additional fifthholiday in November (one week) for students in the first 4 years. A class can have up to 30 students (25 is considered optimum), and there canbe as few as one class per grade or as many as twenty classes per grade. Usually each group has its own classroom and a class/ form teacher. Each group has its own designation, usually the grade fol- lowed by a letter of the alphabet (for exam- ple, VII A means that the student is in the 7th grade in the A class). 3
  10. 10. For the first four years a system similar to E-S-N-U is used, known as the calificative. These are Foarte bine (FB) — Excellent, Bine(B) — Good, Satisfăcător/Suficient (S) — Satisfactory, actually meaning (barely)passing, Nesatisfăcător/Insuficient (N/I) — Failed. Students who get an N/I -Failedmust take an exam in the summer with a special assembly of teachers, and if thesituation is not improved, the student will repeat the whole year. Qualifiers (calificative) are given throughout the year, in a system of year-long assessment, on tests, schoolwork, homework or projects. For grade 5 to 12, a 1to 10 grading system is used with 10 being the best and 1 being the worst and 5 isthe minimum passing grade. The system of continuous assessment is also used, withindividual marks for each test, oral examination, project, homework or class workbeing entered in the register (these individual marks are known as note).By the end of the 4th grade, the classes/groups are reshaped based on academic per-formances. Many schools have special classes (such as intensive English classes orInformatics classes, providing one or two more courses in these subjects). Selectionfor such classes is done based on local tests. Assessing the students performance isalso different between primary and gymnasium cycles. Starting with the 5th grade, students have a different teacher (profesor) foreach subject. Furthermore, each class has a teacher designated to be class principal(diriginte), besidesteaching his or herusual subject. Addition-ally, counseling may beprovided by a spe-cial counselor (consilierpe probleme de educa-ţie — counselor on edu-cational issues) or by aschool psychologist.
  11. 11. At the end of the 8th year of school (at age 14 or 15) a nation-wide test is taken by all students. The subjects are Romanian Languageand Literature, Maths The passingmark is 5. If the student passes, heis allowed to enrol in a highschool or he will have to join aSchool of Crafts and Trades fortwo years. The finishing grade(also known as the admissiongrade) is computed as an average,taking into account for 50% an average of all the Yearly General Averages startingwith year 5 and for the rest of 50% the mark obtained at the National Test (1-10, 10being the highest, not rounded, precision 0.01). Despite the exams not being pub-lished, the marks are public, lists being placed both in schools and on the Internet. Inorder to enroll in a high school, the student must choose a list of high schools he orshe desires to attend (there is no automatic enrolment this time), based on his markand options by filling in a nation-wide form. A national computer system does therepartition, by taking into account students in the order of their preferences and their"admission grade". Thus, somebody with an 9.85 average (this is a top 5% mark) will certainly enter the high school he or she de- sires, while somebody with 5.50 has almost no chance to attend a top ranked high school. However, based on this system, the last admis- sion averages for some prestigious high schools are over 9.50 or 9.60.
  12. 12. Our school officially became an ECO School and was awarded the Green Flag, the symbol of the schools participating IN projects related to environmental education.The Green flag Music, dance, parade for children dressed in clothes designed by recyclable materials. Children learn how to protect and save the nature.
  13. 13. Learning about the European institutions.30
  14. 14. 8 March Celebrating Mother’s Day “A smile for nobody’s Granny” Celebrating Mother’s Day with the old people in an old people’s home.34
  15. 15. We celebrate Birds’ Day. We learn from birds to fly into the sky, to give perspec- tive to our wishes and to feel the high of our hopes always visible. The students prepared posters about birds, also they made birds using re- cyclable materials38
  16. 16. The Eco program was assessed by our agency in Bucharest. They were really impressed by the activity our students were doing. Our colleagues, Angelica and Cristian Murarasu are speaking about the project “LEAF - Learning about the Forest” Our school hosted the last meeting of the Comenius project “PEACH– Parents as Educational Assurance for their Children” Small artists, future big musiciansOur school hosted a big teachers’meeting, where the students performedwonderful lessons
  17. 17. Celebrating with... ...Santa Claus.“Oh, Christmas tree,Oh, Christmas tree,How lovely are your branches!!!” Singing carols into the newspaper redaction. The editors are impressed. Children learn how press works and what means to be a newspaper redactor.
  18. 18. Celebrating the most important poet in the Romanianliterature, Mihai Eminescu. He was born on 15th Janu-ary 1850 and died on 15 June 1889, at the age of 39.His poetry was a model for all his successors, and thecontemporary literature is indebted to him, consideringhim the best poet our literature has ever had. The students celebrated his birthday in the Town Library, reciting of his poems, singing songs on his verses.24 January 1959 was the day when Moldova joined Tara Romaneasca, and Alexan-dru Ioan Cuza was the first leader of the new born country called Romania. The dis-trict our school is located in bears his name: Cuza Voda.
  19. 19. GRADINITA CU PROGRAM NORMAL"CASUTA POVESTILOR", VATRA DORNEI, ROMANIAThe kindergarten is situated in a rather pe-ripheric area of Vatra Dornei town, which is asmall town in a balneo-climaterical area ofSuceava county, between mountains. It is avery nice area, as landscape, but far awayfrom the heart of the county, which means abarier in pupils development and access toeducational facilities. The institution has assubordinates other 3 small kindergartens, alltogether having 225 pupils from 2/3 to 6years old. In these four kindergartens thereare 9 pre-primary teachers, very well pre-pared, working with these pupils and offeringthem a qualitative education.
  20. 20. Preschool education Preschool learning plan:The categories of activities listed in this learning plan are: Curriculum areas for kin-dergarten, Games and chosen activities and Personal development activities.1. Curriculum areas for kindergarten are the integrated activities or subjects per-formed with children according to the planned themes, age level, needs and interestsof children in group. The teacher can develop independent activities – language edu-cation activities, mathematics, knowledge of the environment, physical education,education for the society, practice activities, musical or arts activities, in which aremixed knowledge from many fields.2. Games and chosen activities are the onethat children chose for their one, it helpsthem to socialize and to initiate them inknowing the physical world, the social andcultural environment, mathematics, knowl-edge of reading and writing language. Thegames are held in small groups, in pairs andeven individually. These must stimulate thechild, invite him to participate in activities.The space organization in the classroom it’sdone in areas of interests: the house corner,buildings, science, arts, water and sand, li-brary. The space organization is done taking in count the material resources, the ex-isting space and the theme of the week.3. Personal development activities include: the routines, transitions and the ac-tivities in the afternoon for the kindergartens with overtime, as well as the optionalactivities.
  21. 21. a. Routines are benchmark activities that are related to the whole day’s activities. They cover all the kids’ basic educational needs and con-tribute to his global development, such as: his arrival at the kindergarten, early in themorning (the morning meeting: greetings,presence, nature’s calendar of the day, thedaily news, the group activities), the meals,his leaving by the noon.b. The transitions are short activities thatmove from routines to activities in differ-ent moments of the day. These can be dif-ferent according to the child’s age: count-ing, a singing game.c. The optional activities are chosen by the parents. These can be developed by theteacher or by a specialist. Their roleis to develop and discover children’sskills. Games are the fundamentalactivity for children. Principal meansof achieving educational instructiveprocess are free game, didactic gameand didactic learning activities.
  22. 22. The annual studying program it’s organized around six big themes:1. Who am I?2. When, how and why it’s happening?3. How is, it was and how it will be here on Earth?4. How do we express our feelings?5. How do we plan/organize an activity?6. What and how do I want to be?A class lasts between 15 and 45 minutes, depending on the children’s age, the con-tents and the objectives proposed on the activity.For the groups of kids with the age between 3-5 years the activities are focused ontheir socialization: collaborating, cooperating, negotiation, taking decisions and fi-nally gaining a kind of self-autonomy. For the kids being 5-6/7 years old, the accentgoes on activities to prepare them for the school life.The pre-primary teacher’s activity consists in 5 hours a day developing activitieswith the children and 3 hours of methodical activity, preparing activities for the nextday, manufacturing didactic materials, individual study, trainings, methodologicalcommittees, educational circles, experience changes.
  23. 23. Educational activities
  24. 24. Artistic moments
  25. 25. Cleaning the park aroundCleaning the kindergartenyard Recycling paper
  26. 26. Celebrating children`birthday First of June—Children`s Day Preparing cookis for dols
  27. 27. Visiting the Science of Nature Museum Common activities with the town`s library and the munitipal
  28. 28. Different materials made by recyclable things
  29. 29. Educational tools madeby recyclable materials
  30. 30. MELIKŞAH İLKÖĞRETIM OKULULU, ANKARA, TURKEY Mustafa Kemal was born in 1881 (probably in the spring) in Salonica, then an Ottoman city, now in Greece. The account of Atatürk’s fifteen year Presidency is a saga of dramatic modernization. With indefatigable de- termination, he created a new political and legal system, abolished the Caliph- ate and made both government and education secular, gave equal rights to Malik Shah was the third sul- women, changed the alphabet and the tan of the Seljuk from 1072 until attire, and advanced the arts and the his death in 1092. He was born sciences, agriculture and industry. in 1055. He became the sultan In 1934, when the surname law was adopted, the national parliament gave of the Seljuk when he was 18him the name "Atatürk" (Father of the Turks). years old. In 1072 he succeeded On November 10, 1938, following an illness of a few months, the national his father to head an empireliberator and the Father of modern Turkey died. But his legacy to his people that controlled parts of Arabia,and to the world endures. Mesopotamia, and areas near the Persian Gulf. The school is in Ankara,Sincan,Gazi Osman Pasa district. It is named after thehistorical Great Seljuk Empire’s eminent statesman and commander, Malik Shah. Itwas opened in 1991 with its 8 classes, 250 students and 20 teachers. The principalfounder was Hüdaverdi ŞAHAN. Charitable businessman Özkent AKBILEK got the 14-classed new additionalbuilding done in 2006, which doubled the school’s capacity. There is a pre-school class in the school. It serves both to morning and after-noon groups. There is a computer lab, a projection room, a counselor service, a science lab, aconference hall, a technology design class and there are two libraries in the school. Itcontinues education with the principal Şaban İPEK and two assistant principals Er-sin ÖZKAN and Aysel KARAKUŞ. The school has got 1090 pupils and 50 teachers.
  31. 31. EDUCATION SYSTEM AND SCHOOL LIFE IN TURKEY Education is one of the fundamental functions of the state and performedunder state control and supervision. The Ministry of National Education (MoNE) isresponsible for offering the educational services; the right to education is ensured bythe Constitution. Formal education includes pre-school education, primary education,secondary education and higher education institutions. There are both public (free ofcharge) and private schools providing education for all these levels.
  32. 32. Pre-school Education: It is optional for the children between 3-5 years old.Preschool education is provided by independent nurseries and a variety of ministries and institutions in k i n d e rg a r d e n s , nurseries and preparatory classes as well as day care and children care centers.
  33. 33. Primary Education: For children between 6 and 14 years old, compulsory and freeof charge in public schools. Primary education is uninterrupted for 8 years and thegraduates receive a primary educationdiploma.
  34. 34. SecondaryEducation:Secondaryeducation isdivided into two as general and vocational & technical education. General highschools offer 4 years of education for 15-18 years old to prepare them for highereducation. They include the Anatolian High Schools (schools offering education in aforeign language), High Schools, Science Schools, Anatolian Teacher TrainingSchools, Anatolian Fine Arts schools and multi- curriculum high schools. Vocationaland technical high schools train the qualified manpower required in various fields ofindustry and prepare students for professional life as well as higher education. Theyinclude technical schools for boys, vocational schools for girls, vocational schoolsfor commerce and hotel management and religious high schools.Turkish education system is highly academic and teacher centered. There is a solidexam system, in which students have to get prepared almost all through theireducation lifeto get a bettereducationopportunity.
  35. 35. The national exam after primary education defines which type of school the student is going to study. Anatolian High schools, science schools and some popular privatehigh schools only accept students according to the ranking of the student in theexam. Thus, starting from the early years of their secondary education, the studentsalso attend to private courses as to support their school life and get better preparedfor the national exams. This fact makes young peoples life occupied mainly byeducation and only a limited time remains for social activities.In all secondary schools, students wear uniforms as a rule. The style and the colorsmay differ from school to school, which is also considered as the identity of theschool. Except the few existing examples of schools for only girls or boys, at allschools girls and boys are studying together. Depending on the facilities of the school,different social activities are available for the students.
  36. 36. Most of the social activities are based on sports and music. All schools may havedifferent student clubs. The efficiency of the clubs depend on the students and thesupport of the school.Higher education: Higher education is offered by several state and private universi-ties. There are higher vocational schools, offering practical education for 2 years andacademic universities providing undergraduate studies for 4 years, except medical studies vary from 5 to 6 years. An additional 2 years is re- quired for graduate degrees. All universities accept students according to the results of the national university exams. Every year more than 1.5 mil-lion students enter this exam inorder to be able to get into agood university.
  37. 37. Exchange Students: Exchange students, are placed in a high schoolmatching their age and the studies they have completed in their homecountry. Students are placed in General High Schools, Anatolian High Schools orPrivate High Schools that YFU Turkey is cooperating with. Exchange students donot pay any tuition fee, but they all have to pay for school transportation, schoollunch, school uniforms and books regardless of the type of school they are placed in.
  39. 39. Spanish students aged 6 to 16 undergo primary (colegio) and secon- dary school (instituto) education, which are compulsory and (like the preceding preschool from age 3) free of charge. Successful studentsare awarded a Secondary Education Certificate, which is necessary to enter the post-compulsory stage of Schooling (principally the Bachillerato) for their University orVocational (Formación Profesional) Studies. Once students have finished their Ba-chillerato, they can take their University Entrance Exam (Pruebas de Acceso a laUniversidad, popularly called Selectividad) which differs greatly from region to re-gion. The compulsory stage of secondary education is normally referred to by its ini-tials: ESO (Educación Secundaria Obligatoria). Primary schoolStructured as three 2 year cycles: OUR SCHOOL HOURS♦ First Cycle (6 to 8 years of age) Infantil and Primaria (3 to 11 years)♦ Second Cycle (8 to 10 years of From 9:00 to 14:00, Monday to Friday. age) ESO (Secondary Education)♦ Third Cycle (10 to 12 years of age) From 8:30 to 15:00, Monday to Friday. Spanish Baccalaureate (Bachillerato)Spanish Bachillerato is the post-16 stage of education, comparable to the A Levels/Higher (Scottish) in the UK, the French Baccalaureate in France or the InternationalBaccalaureate.At undergraduate level, some degrees have their own branch requirements (such asmedicine, engineering degrees, law...) and some courses accept students from anybranch, such as Language studies, Social Work, Educational Sciences or Tourism.We don’t have “Bachillerato” in our school. Our students must study at a“instituto” (Upper Secondary School) for two years before entering university.
  40. 40. The current system of education in Spain is known as LOE after theLey Orgánica de Educación, or Fundamental Law of Education. Edu-cation in Spain is compulsory, and free from 6 to 16 years of age, sup-ported by the Government in each Region. Up to Secondary levelBelow Higher Education the system can be seen as consisting of four levels:• Pre-school (Educación Infantil, segundo ciclo) - 3 to 6 years of age• Primary School (Educación Primaria) six years of schooling - 6 to 12 years ofage• Compulsory Secondary Education (Educación Secundaria Obligatoria) fouryears of schooling - 12 to 16 years of age• Post-Compulsory Schooling (Bachillerato) two years of schooling - 16 to 18years of age. Our school offers the first three levels, from 3 to 16 years of age, having a single group (class) for each year.Children 3 to 6 years old in Spain have the option of attending the Pre-school stage(infantil or popularly known as preescolar), which is non-compulsory and free forall students. It is regarded as an integral part of the education system with infantsclasses at almost every primary school. There are some separate nursery schools(Colegios Infantiles).Children (whose parents chose that they should) enter pre-school (Educación In-fantil) in the autumn of the calendar year in which they turn three years old. Follow-ing this pattern, the ages given here as corresponding to the different phases are theages turned by children in the calendar year in which the academic year begins. Ageranges are inclusive: 3 to 5 years of age is 3 academic years.
  41. 41. Comparative with British QualificationsThe Spanish School Leaving Certificate (ESO) is equivalent to a number of GCSEs,Junior Cert(in Ireland).orStandard Grades(in Scotland).The Bachillerato is equivalent to A-levels, Leaving Certificate(in Ire-land).andScottish Highers . Therefore, Spanish students obtaining the appropriategrades required for entrance into universities in other parts of Europe, includingBritain, are not precluded. In our school about 85% of our students get the ESO Certificate the first year they study 4th ESO. About 10% get it the second year, and only about 5% has to leave without getting this certificate (these results are better than the Spanish national average).Vocational TrainingThe vocational training is also a common possibility after ESO or after the SpanishBaccalaureate. There are two different types of programs: Middle Grade TrainingCycles (Ciclos Formativos de Grado Medio), which have the ESO diploma as a re-quirement, and Superior-level Training Cycles (Ciclos Formativos de grado Supe-rior), which have the Spanish Baccalaureate as the principal requirement. After com-pletion of the Superior-level Training Cycle, students are entitled to direct entranceto several related University degrees.Provision and CostsSchools in Spain can be divided into 3 categories:♦ State schools (Colegios Publicos)♦ Privately run schools funded by the State (Colegios Concertados)♦ Purely private schools (Colegios Privados)According to summary data for the year 2008-2009[1] from the ministry, stateschools educated 67.4%, private but state funded schools 26.0%, and purely privateschools 6.6% of pupils the preceding year.
  42. 42. Our school is a “Centro concertado” – private but funded by the Andalusian government. We need some economical help from par- ents to balance our budget! All non-university state education is free in Spain, but parents have to buy all of their childrens books and materials. This, nominally at least, also applies to colegios concertados. Many schools are concertados = state funded up to the end of ESO but are purely private for the bachillerato years. This drop in thefraction of pupils in educacion concertado is matched by increases of approximatelyequal size in the fraction in both state and purely private education for bachillerato.There are private schools for all the range of compulsory education. At them, parentsmust pay a monthly/termly/yearly fee. Most of these schools are run by religious or-ders, and include single-sex schools.Schools supply a list of what is required at the start of each school year and whichwill include art and craft materials as well as text and exercise books. Expect tospend a minimum of around ninety pounds (GBP) per child (from 2009, this figureis nearer 300 pounds (GBP)), but in some regions, the autonomous government isgiving tokens to exchange them in book shops for free. InAndalucia, kids from 3 to16 will get the books for free. School uniform is not normally worn in state schoolsbut is usually worn in private schools.Our students wear a school uniform, with special clothes for sport lessons. There isalso a “summer uniform” for September, part of October and May, and June.School termsBroadly similar to the English three term system, but with slightly shorter holidaysat Christmas (December 23-January 8) and Easter (one week - "Semana Santa"), andlonger in the summer (normally from 23th June to 15th September). The Englishhalf-term holiday does not exist, but there are frequent odd days and long weekendsrelating mainly to religious holidays and regional and national holidays.
  43. 43. School life in SpainSchool Hours in SpainSchool hours vary from school to school, but are usually from 9am until 4pm with aone-hour break for lunch, although an increasing number of schools don’t have alunch break and finish classes at 2pm. Lessons are usually divided into teaching pe-riods of 45 minutes. Some schools offer school lunches, although many childrenbring a packed lunch or go home for lunch if they live nearby. Most schools providea subsidised or free bus service to take children to and from their homes in outlyingregions. Some schools are now opening early (e.g. at 8am) and providing activitiesafter school until 5 or 6pm in an attempt to make childcare provision easier forworking parents.School Holidays in SpainThe academic year in Spain runs from mid-September to mid-June, with the mainholidays at Christmas, Easter and the long summer break. Spanish schoolchildrenhave very long school holidays (vacaciones escolares) compared with those in manyother countries. The school year is made up of three terms, each averaging around 11weeks. Terms are fixed and are generally the same throughout the country, althoughthey may be modified in autonomous regions to take account of local circumstancesand special events (such as local fiestas).Some provinces (e.g. Malaga) also include a week’s holiday in the middle of thespring term (usually in February), known as ‘white week’ (semana blanca). Pupilstransferring from primary to secondary school are sometimes given an additionaltwo weeks’ summer holiday, which usually includes an ‘end of school’ trip (viaje deestudios) with fellow pupils. Schools are also closed on public holidays when theyfall within term time.School holiday dates are published by schools and local communities well in ad-vance, thus allowing parents plenty of time to schedule family holidays. Normally,you aren’t permitted to withdraw a child from classes during the school term, exceptfor visits to a doctor or dentist, when the teacher should be informed in advance.
  44. 44. OSNOVNA ŠOLA DR IVANA KOROŠCA BOROVNICA, SLOVENIAThe school consists in elementary school (children from 6 – 15 years old and kinder-garten (children from 1 till 6 years old). It is situated in a very quickly evolvingenvironment. So the need of taking care of our surroundings is one of our schoolsprimary issues, the other aim is to teach children of equality in society. The projectis designed in such a way that the special needs of the pupils and the kindergartenchildren will be taken in to account. Special attention will be given on different areasgift pupils and also for pupils with other special needs. A lot of pupils stay at schoolfrom 6 a.m. till 5 p.m. and we think that their inclusion in the project will be a bigopportunity for them to get knowing other cultures in Europe.
  45. 45. THE SLOVENIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMThe Slovenian school system has seen a number of changes in recent years, aimingto ensure that as many people as possible realize their right to education and achievea higher educational level. The framework has been established (9-year basic educa-tion, higher vocational education), and the basic premises are known; however, theprogram of reform continues in terms of implementation at the levels of secondaryand higher vocational education (the introduction of the credit system, connectingsubjects, integration of theory and practice, open curriculum).The reform of the curriculum from pre-school to secondary school education, whichtook three years, is now complete. The nine-year program, for which no pre-schooleducation is compulsory, is divided into three periods of three years, beginning whenchildren are six years old. In the academic year 2006-2007 there were 166,000 pu-pils enrolled in elementary education and more than 13,225 teachers, giving a ratioof one teacher per 12 pupils and 20 pupils per class.After completing elementary school, nearly all children (more than 98 per cent) goon to secondary education, either vocational, technical or general secondary program(gimanzija). The latter prepare students for further studies and are divided into twogroups: general (classical gimnazija) and professionally oriented (technical, eco-nomic or art gimnazija) leading to external matriculation examinations. Children offoreign residents are also appropriately provided for in Slovenia and can receiveeducation at all levels. 84 per cent of secondary school graduates go on to tertiaryeducation.The educational profile of Slovenias population is improving. According to the 1991census there is 99.6 per cent literacy in Slovenia. Among people aged 25 to 64, 12per cent have attended higher education, whilst on average Slovenes have 9.6 yearsof formal education. The best educated are those employed in the area of educationand public administration. Lifelong learning is also increasing.
  46. 46. THE SCHOOL LIFEWe have a lot of classrooms inour school. There are also a lotof teachers. We usually have alot of fun in our school. Butwhen we are writing a test itisnt fun. I love my school.Some teachers are great butsome aren’t. My favourite sub-ject is Science. I have fewbest friends from school. There is also a kitchen in our school. Lunch isnt verygood. Our school is in Borovnica in Slovenia and very close to Ljubljana. We have agym. We have 35 teachers. My subjects are Math, English, PE, Science and others.Our school is interesting but not for all people. (Lana Garin, 7.b)In our school we have ten classrooms on class level. On subject level we havetwelve classrooms. We have a library, school canteen, secretarys office.I have: Geography, Science, Math, Slovene, English, PE, Music, Art, History. My best teachers are Tanja Plohl and Darjan Geohelli. The best subject is PE. We start at 8 oclock. In school there are 35 teachers and 300 pupils. I hate Science and History. (KLARA ZAJC, 7. B)
  47. 47. We start at 8 oclock. Our school has 19 classrooms. I like classroom forHistory. Classrooms are very nice and comfortable. They are verycolorful and they have a lot of pictures and posters. We have a lot ofschool subjects. I have Math,Geography, Science, History,Slovene, English, Spanish,Music,…My favourite subject isSpanish and Math. I hateGeography because it is veryboring. The best teacher isDarjan Geohelli. He teachesHistory and Ethics. He is thebest becouse he is a kind offather and my idol !!!!!!!!:D The school food is quite OK. I like cereals and jam. Ihate vegetarian meat-patty. I have courses like dance and choir. (NIKA I get up at six o`clock. Then I have breakfast. Then school bus comes. At school we wait till the classes begin. I don`t like Geography and Math, because I have bad grades. We have nice school and very good teachers. Primary school subjects are: Art, Geography, History, Languages,Slovene, Music, Science (By Doroteja Košir, 7.B)
  48. 48. In our school it is pretty good. The school has 35 teachers. My favorite subjects are art education and music education. The school has more than 300 children. (Sergeja Pelko J )Hi! So you were at our school already so you know how it looks like every day. Soin our school I like the most our free time. There are a lot of things we have to talkabout with friends. I like food too. Haha . I dont like teachers and yeah… I dontknow what to say about school life… so thats it. Miss you! (Eva Novak 8.a)Hi ! We start school at 8 am L. Subjects in my school are very very boring so Imboring too . I don t know what to say. Our teachers are very friendly and funny :D.So we like them. (Rok Novak)The first lesson in our school starts at 8am. It takes 45 minutes. Then we have ashort rest and a new lesson starts. After that lessons we have longer break, so we caneat our meals. Then we have two, three or five lessons and then the school is over.We can go to the canteen to eat lunch or we can go home or wait for other activites.Our school is an average school with average pupils and with a little strangeteachers, but in the same way they are very easy-going and I like that. (Nika Čepon)School starts at 8am. Each lesson takes 45 minutes. After this lesson we have shortbreak. Then we have another lesson. Then we have longer break for snack. After thatwe have three or four lessons, and then school is over. I dont like school very muchbecause we have a lot of tests. (Matic Trček)I go to school at 10 oclock. I have only physical education and technical subject.There isnt any math and English in my school. I have school only 2 days a week andmy holidays are six months. This is my dream school. (Miha Rus)
  49. 49. We have a lot of different lessons. Our school starts at 8 oclock. Wehave breakfast, lunch and snack. We dont have uniforms. I hate Scienceand Technology. Our teachers are very nice and some teachers arestrange. (Luka Novak)Our school lifes always boring. I cant wait till school finishes. I only like goingto school becouse I meet my friends there. Thats it. Bye! (Sara Klaj)I quite like school becouse I can meet friends almost every day. In our school thereare 22 classrooms and 35 teachers. My favourite school subjects are math andtehnology. (Amadej Kumberger)I dont know a lot of the school life.I mostly sleep in it.But when I wake up theystudy for exams and other school stuff.Between classes we have five minutes. To getto the other class. (Klemen Kavčič 8.a)I really do not like school.But my favourite school subject is Athletics and English.I’m sometimes bored but sometimes it is funny when the teacher tells jokes. But itis always cheerful in the corridors. In our school there are 35 teachers and it hasapproximately three hundred students. (Urban Pevc 7.b)School life in Borovnica is different from school life that you can see in someAmerican movies.And that is because we dont have lockers. I think it will be greatto have them. For me school life is boring because we dont have enough excitingthings to do. That is about school life from me. School life in Borovnica is verydifferent from your school life. We dont have our school uniform.We have one hour45 minutes. Our school is very exciting because we have some good and some badteachers. (Jaka Himmelreich Kovač)
  50. 50. In Slovenian school we are sometimes having very great time, that is when we gosomewhere like a trip because we are looking something new and we laugh. So likeI said sometimes is not a very good time, because we have to be asked or we have totake a test. I really dont like school, but we are forced to go to school. So I cantwait to be over, but Ill be sad, because I wont see all of my friends and I will misssome teachers too. Hahahahahaha!!! (Lejla Hotić, 8.a/9)My school is very great. I like going to school. In our school my teachers are funnyand very friendly. My best subject in my school is P.E. In our school there are 35teachers and 301 students. My subjects are Maths, Slovene, English, P.E, Science,Music, Art, Technology, German. We go to school at eight oclock. (Peter Urh, 7.b)Our school life is anything but fun. We have a lot of classes. We all love havingbreak during classes. We always have fun in the hall, but sometimes we study beforetests. A year ago we were the worst class in school but we are not anymore. I dontlike our school life, its boring bye. Love, Oksana Hi. Our school life is funny and great. In our school break we have breakfast. Weve got a lot of tests at school. Some school subjects are interesting. Weve got a lof of school in nature. We sometimes go abroad to see some interesting things. Bye, Jan Mazi
  51. 51. Designer, editor and techno redactor, RODICA ZIMBRU, project coordinator on behalf of Secondary School no. 10 Suceava, Romania