The guitar is a plucked string musical instrument, consisting of a wooden box on a pole that is attached the fingerboard or storeroom, usually with a sound hole in the center of the lid and six strings. On the fingerboard are inlaid dishes that allow the different notes. Its specific name is Spanish classical guitar or guitar It is the most widely used in genres like blues, rock and flamenco, and quite common in singers. It is also used in genres such as rancheras and cruppers addition to the folklore of various countries. When the instrument is smaller than a guitar is called a fife and when it is largest bass guitar. The latter is often used by mariachis.
Parts of the Spanish or classical guitar: 1. Headstock, 2. Capo 3. Plugs, 4. Frets, 7. Mast, 8. Neck, 9. Box (classic) or body (electric), 12. Bridge, 14. Tapa, 15. Soundboard, 16. Aro, 17. Rosetta, 18. Strings and 20. Fingerboard
<ul><li>Source </li></ul><ul><li>The origins and evolution of the guitar are not too clear, as many similar instruments were used in antiquity, so it is usual to follow the path of this instrument through pictorial and sculptural representations found throughout history. There is archaeological evidence found in Alaca Hüyük reliefs (northern Turkey) that around the year 1000 BC C. the Hittites and Assyrians created string instruments like the lyre-string instrument of several simple and old-world but with the addition of a sounding board, so it would be ancestors of the guitar. Representations have also been found in ancient Egyptian drawings that resemble a guitar-like instrument.    There are two hypotheses about their origins. One of them gives a Greco-Roman origin and thinks is a descendant of fidícula and the other believes that the guitar is an instrument introduced by the Arabs during the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula and subsequently evolved in Spain . According to one hypothesis, these instruments came to the Greeks, that his name slightly deformed, kizára or kettarah, which was completed in Castilian calling zither. This has led to assume that the guitar comes from the Greek and Roman lyre, which he would have added a handle at the beginning of our era. Many scholars and musicologists attribute the arrival of the guitar to Spain by the Roman Empire in 400.    The other hypothesis holds that the first instrument mast was the Arabic ud, whose name the Spanish melting mistakenly ended his article: "the you" women became the male "lute". It was precisely the Arabs who introduced the instrument in Spain, where it evolved according to the musical tastes of the people under Muslim domination. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In India these instruments were known in Sanskrit as sitar (instrument descended from the vineyard), a word derived from two Indo-European words that would give rise to the Spanish word "guitar": root guitar (which produced the Gita Sanskrit words: ' song ', or sangit' music ') and the root tar, which means' rope' or 'line' </li></ul>
<ul><li>There are two basic types of guitar: classical guitar, which can be studio or in concert, as small variations in size, wood and construction quality, which give more sound and quality to the concert, naturally, and flamenco guitar sized slightly smaller than the classical, different woods and other changes that make it less resonant but more percussive. Two other instruments closely related to the Spanish guitar, as well and are tuned based on the same fundamental concepts, but each model has a specific repertoire or at least preferential performance of which sometimes use unique techniques: acoustic guitar, arguably the U.S. version of the Spanish guitar, as in the original design innovations were not used to Antonio Torres Jurado, but those of C. F. Martin. The fundamental difference is that it takes metal strings instead of gut or nylon strings. Is usually larger and its design is much more varied than in the Spanish guitar and electric guitar, invented in the U.S., solid, semisolid or wooden box, mahogany, maple, ash, etc. and whose sound is produced due to the resonance of the body that is amplified through a system powered by electricity (power pills). </li></ul>
<ul><li>Hip-hop is an art movement that emerged in America in the late 1960s in the African American and Latin American neighborhoods as New Yorkers Bronx, Queens and Brooklyn, where from the beginning stood out typical manifestations of the origins of hip hop, for example, music (funk, rap, blues, DJing), dance (hustle, uprocking, lindy hop, popping, locking) and painting (spray, bombing, murals, political graffiti). </li></ul>
<ul><li>Hip Hop The word can evoke many things to many low rap music, people wearing XXL clothing, graffiti, a real language and difficult to decipher ... That's all true. But the hiphop is much more. Hip hop is a musical culture born of Afro-American and who today has overstepped the boundaries of being just a fad or a momentary musical phenomenon. Today, hip hop has a racial significance, international and even social class. Hip-Hop Culture consists of four basic modes of expression: the MCing (or rapping), the DJing (or turntablism), the Breakdancing (or bboying), and Graffiti. While these modes of expression have docked other over time such as philosophy, poetry and fashion. But to his supporters not only a musical style or a fad. For true fans, is a philosophy or even a way of life. A phrase would define the way they feel </li></ul>
<ul><li>The hip hop as music emerged in the late 1960s, when street festivals or block parties became common in New York City, especially in the Bronx, due to poor access for people who were clubs and clubs that were in affluent areas of the Big Apple, including The Loft and Studio 54. The street parties were accompanied by funk and soul until the first DJ's began to isolate the percussion and extended, as the song became more danceable. This technique was common in Jamaica (in dub music), which led to the Jamaican immigrant community participate in these events. This adaptation of beats later, he was accompanied by another fresh new technique called rapping (singing technique based on rhythm and improvisation). A prominent figure, regarded by many as the father of hip hop is DJ Kool Herc, which led, along with other DJ's like Grandmaster Flash, that two of the elements of hip hop were born and develop. First, it established the position of "Master of Ceremonies (MC for short), who was presenting the DJ. Slowly, the figure of the MC was becoming more important, as recited on the Beats (rhythms of hip-hop) with increasingly clever texts. At the same time, they started dancing, reserving the best dance moves for when the song stopped momentarily (ie, when it was a "break"). This phenomenon originated the term B-boy (break-boy), it would be "the guy who uses the breack" and so breakdance movement was born. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Although Grafiti.A graffiti already took place in the 1960s for political reasons, were not included in the hip hop culture until, in 1970 and 1971, the innovative city about graffiti stopped being Philadelphia, taking the job with New York writers (writers), so named for painting, especially large colored letters with pseudonyms. Among them were the foremost writers Phase 2, Seen and Futura 2000. The graffiti quickly became a hole in the culture, since not only allowed to decorate the walls with the name or group's own graffiti but also began making graffiti crews to name groups of breakdancers and DJ's or MC's, while they painted the areas where they organized the famous block parties </li></ul>
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