Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 07-09 2009 Mar 01-Apl 14

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Crossroad is a Malayalam Tabloid fortnightly newspaper with full of news, views and information. It includes Business, Products, Management, Real Estate, Banking, Insurance, Tax, Share Market, Health, Medicine, Fashion, Travel, Hospitality, Cinema, Sports, Hobby, Pets, Literature, Arts, Vehicle, Law and more, which is publishing 1st and 15th of every month from Kochi, Kerala State, India.

Address: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil, Executive Editor, Crossroad, P.B.No: 4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Kaloor P.O., Kochi-682017, Kerala, India. E-mail: karikkampallil@gmail.com Mobile: +
91 9847738883

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Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 07-09 2009 Mar 01-Apl 14

  1. 1. cmyk hm¿- Ø - I ƒ - m - e p- ] m- S p- n- ∂ p- w - 2009 am¿-®v- 01 ˛ G-{]n¬- 14 I sIm-®n- I ]p-kv-X-Iw- 03 I e-°-w- 07 ˛ 09 I t]-Pv- 16 I hn-e- 10 cq-]- cmyk
  2. 2. 2 Aw-Ko-Im-cw- 2009 am¿-®v- 01 ˛ G-{]n¬ -14 Pq-n-b¿- Po-n-b-kv- hn-P-b-In-co-Sw- A¿-j-Zv- ap-l-Ω-Zv- kn-]v- A-°m-Z-an-bn-eq-sS- kz-¥-am-°n- Aar-Xm- Sn.-hn- kw-LSn-∏n- - - (s]m- X p- h n- s∂- n¿-Ωn- N-cn-{X-am-W-v R-߃-°p-≈X.v - C- - ®- quot;-Pq-n-b¿- Po-n-b-kv-'- a-’-c- ⁄m- w- ) ,- °m≥- I-gn-bp- ¥y-bn¬- X-eßpw- hn-eßp-ap-≈- - - Øn-s‚- {Km≥-Uv- ss^--en¬- s]-bn-‚ nw-Kv,- ∂p.- C-Xp- R-ßfp-sS- ]-cn-io-e- tI-{µ-ß- - - am¿-®v- H-∂n-v- In-co-S-a-Wn-™- km-ln-Xy-]c- - sIm-≠-v Ip-´n- fn-em-bn- C-Xn--Iw- H-cp- e-£- A¿-jZ-v ap-lΩZ-v X-s‚- Cu- kp- - - - am-b- k¿-Km- I-fp-sS- k-a- tØm-fw- Ip-´n-Iƒ- A-_m-°kv- - h¿-Wt-´Øn-p- Im-cWw- kn- - - - fl- I - X - F- {K-am-b- a-kv- B≥-Uv- s{_-bn≥- Pnw- ]-cn-io- ]v- A-°m-Zan-bn-se- A-_m-°k-v - - ∂o- X-eßfn- - - Xn-jvI- hn-I- - e-- ]-cn-]m-Sn- C-tX-h-sc- ]q¿- B≥-Uv- s{_-bn≥- Pnw- ]-cn-io- se-√mw- A¿- k- - Ø n- v - Øn-bm-°n-°gn-™p-''.- kn-]-v A- - - e-]cn-]m-Sn-bm-sW-∂-v ]-d™p.- - - - j-Z-v n-ch[n-- - A-_m-°k,v - - °m-Zan- C-¥ym- ss{]-h‰v- en-an-‰- - - F-dWm-Ip-fw- kz-tZ-in-bm-b- A¿- - k-Ωm-߃- - s{_-bn≥- Un-s‚- _n-kn-kv- sl-Uv- (Cu- - j-Zv,- Zn-htk-- kn-]v- A-°m-Zan- - - t-Sn-'-'- A¿- Pnw- ]-cn-io-e- Ãv- B≥-Uv- ku-Øv-)- F≥.- D-Z- bn¬- ]-cn-io-e--Øn-s-Øp-am- j-Zn-s‚- A- - ] - c n- ] m- S n- b-`m-p- ]-d™p.- - Ω- dq-_n- ]- G-sd- k-lm- tI-{µ-ßfn¬- B-gNbn-sem- - -v - d-™p.- quot;-quot;¢m- - bn- ° p- ∂ p.- cn-°em-Wn-t∏mƒ- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°-v ]- - kn-se- ]-cn- kv-]¿-i,- Zr- cn-io-ew.- sIm-®n- t]m-ep-≈- - - io-ew- I-gn- - iy,- {im-hy- K-cßfn¬- 450 cq-]bm-W-v am-kw- - - - ™v- A¿-j- C-{µn-bßfp- - - tXm-dpw- ^o-kv- Cu-Sm-°p-∂-Xv.- Zv- ho-´n-se- sS- {]-h¿-Ø- tI-{µ-Øn-s‚- -S-Øn-∏n-v- sN- Øn-bpw- A- w- an-I-hp-‰- e-hp- h¿-[n-°p-∂Xn-v- A-p-k- - Xv - B- h ¿- Xm-°n- am-- cn-®v- Nn-ebn-Sßfn¬- ^o-kv- A- - - - Øn-®-v D-d∏n- - kn-Ihpw- im- - ev]w- D-b¿-t∂-°pw.- - °p-∂-Xv- ]- co- c n- I - h pw- kn-]v- A-°m-Zan-bp-sS- k-hn- - Xn-hm-Wv.- c- ssh-Im-cn-I- ti-jXIƒ- ]-eXm-Wv- kw-Lm- - - - ≠mw- Ãm≥- hpw- km- a q- S-I¿- Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂X.v - Ip-´n-Isf- - - Um¿-Uv- ap- A¿-jZ-v ap-lΩZ-v - - - ly-kº¿-°- - hn-kab- hy-‡n-Xz-ßfm-°n- am- v- - - bn-cp-∂p.- ]-cn-io-e]cn-]m-Sn-bn- - - - X¬- Xp-Sßn- - ]-c-hpw- hy- ‰p-∂p,- ho-´n-se- tPm-en-Ifn¬- hn- - se- F-´p- se-h-ep-Iƒ- A¿-j-Zv- b- ]- X n- h m- ‡n- X z- ] - c - ´p-ho-gvN- sN-øm-sX- D-Øchm-Zn- - - - ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n.- I-eq-cn-em-W-v kn- Wn-Xv.-'-'- ]n-Xm-hv- jm-Pn- hn-i-Zo- tºm¿,- Izn-k-v F-∂o- du-≠p-Ifn- - k-a¿-∏n-°p-∂p-'-'- A¿-j-Zv- ]-d- hpw- B-fl-hn-izm-k-]-c-hp-am-b- Xz-ap-≈- kw-cw-`Icm-bn- ho-´Ωam- - - - - ]v- A-°m-Z-an.- I-f-a-ti-cn- cm-P- I-cn-®p.- 12 h-b p-Im-cm-b- A¿- - - em-Wv- A-ar-Xm- Sn.-hn.-bp-sS- quot;-Pq- ™p.- k-¥p-en-Xm-hÿ- t-Sm≥- Cu- - sc- am-‰m≥- k-lm-bn-°p-∂p,- km- Kn-cn- ]-ªn-Iv- kvIq-fn-se- B-dmw-- j-Zv- kn-]v- A-°m-Zan-bp-sS- 2005 - n-b¿- Po-n-bk'-v- a-’cw- ap-t∂- - - im-k{v- Xo-bKth-jWØn-eq- - - - - ]-cn-io-e--]-cn-]m-Sn-bn-eq-sS- H- º-Øn-Iam-µy-sØ- sN-dp-°m-p- - Ãm≥-Um¿-U-v hn-Zym¿-∞n-bm-W-v Un- k w- _ - d n¬- A- _ m- ° - k v , - dn-b-Xv.- H-∂mw- k-Ωm--am-b- H- sS- A-_m-°k-v D-]tbm-Kn-®m¬- - - cmƒ-°-v I-gn-bp-∂p-sh-∂m-W-v Nq- ≈- quot;-am-µy-cln-X'-- _n-kn-k-v A- - - A¿-jZ.v - - s{_-bn≥- Pnw- ]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬- cp- e-£w- cq-]- t-Sn-b- A¿-jZv- - ssI-hn-cep-Ifn-ep-≈- kn-cIfn- - - - - ≠n-°m-Wn-°s∏-Sp-∂X.v - - - h-kcßsfm-cp-°p-∂p- F-∂n-h- - - - quot;-quot;-Zn-h-tk-- 15 an- bm-Wh.- - n-´v- t-cw- A¿-j-Zv- kn-]v- A-°m-Z-an- {]m-IvSo-kn-s-Øn-bn- - ss{]-h-‰v- en-an-‰-Uv- kv- cp-∂p-'-'.- aq-∂p- h¿-j- In¬- sU-h-e-]v-sa-‚ v- °m-ehpw- A¿-jZn-s‚- - - ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- tem-In- - A-[ym-]n-Ibpw- ]-cn-io- - e-hm-cØn¬- kw-LSn- - - e-Ibp-am-b- {]n-b- Kn-co- - ∏n-°p-∂p-sh-∂v- D-Z-b- jv- ]-d-bp-∂p.- s{_- `m-p- hn-i-Zo-I-cn-°p- bn≥- Pnw- ]-cn-io-ew- - ∂p.- Ip-´n-Ifp-sS- am-- - ap-S°an-√m-sX- -SØn- - - - kn-I-am-b- ssh-K-≤y- h-∂Xp-sIm-≠-v a-kn- - - ß-sf- X-´n-bp-W¿-Øp- s- Pm-{K-X-bp-≈-Xm- ∂p.- kn-]v- A-_m-°- °m-pw- N-Sp-e-am-°m- kv,- s{_-bn≥- Pnw- t{]m- pw- A¿-j-Zn-p- I-gn- {Kmw,- t•m-_¬- B¿-´,v - ™p.- Xn-f°ta-sd-bp- - - A-a¬- Fw- 1 In-Uvkv,- - ≈- Cu- hn-PbØn-p- - - H-td-‰¿- F-∂o- t{]m-{Km- Im-cWhpw- Cu- ]-cn-io- - - ap-Iƒ- C-Xn¬- Dƒ-s∏- e-w- X-s∂-''.- {]n-b- Iq- - F≥.- D-Zb`m-p- - - {]n-b- Kn-co-j-v jm-Pn- dq-_n- Sp-∂p.- ssN-,- a-te- ´n-t®¿-Øp.- C-S-bv-°v- jy,- C-t¥m-t-jy,- Xm- F-s¥-¶n-epw- Im-cWhim¬- ¢m- - - - tN¿-∂p.- 2008 P-p-hcn-bn¬- A¿- - a-’cm¿-∞n-Ifn¬- G-‰hpw- {]m- - - - eq-sS- yq-tdm-Wp-Ifp-sS- k-tµ- - quot;-quot;-R-ß-fp-sS- A-_m-°-kv- bve≥-Uv,- C-¥y,- {io-e¶- F-∂n- - - kv- -jSs∏-´m¬- A-X-v A-Sp-Ø- -v - j-Zv- Cu- ]-cn-io-e-- ]-cn-]m-Sn- bw- Ip-d-™- hn-Zym¿-∞n-bm-bn- i-ß-f-b-°m-p-≈- I-gn-hv- Iq-Sp- B≥-Uv- s{_-bn≥- Pnw- ]-cn-]m- hn-Sßfn¬- Cu- ]-cn-io-e]cn- - - - - - Zn-h-kw- X-s∂- ]-cn-l-cn-°m≥- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n.- kn-]v- hn-kv-a-b- cp-∂p.- X¬- k-Po-ham-°p-∂p.- hn-⁄m- - Sn- H-cp- Ip-´n-bp-sS- k-a{K-hn-Ik- - - ]m-Sn- hn-P-b-߃- t-Sn-b- N-cn- A¿-jZ-v {i-an-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p.- - hy-‡n-Xz- a-’cØn¬- (A-¥m- - - quot;-quot;kn-]v- A-°m-Zan- ]-Tw- e- - - - -kw-th-ZØn-se- Cu- n-c¥- - - - -Øn--v D-]Icn-°p-∂p.- k-¶o¿- - - {X-am-Wp-≈-Xv.- 2002˛¬- C-¥y- quot;-quot;kn-]-v A-°m-Zan-bn¬- tN¿- - - cm-j{S- A-_m-°k-v ˛- s{_-Pn≥- -v - fn-Xhpw- c-kIchp-am-°p-∂p.- F- - - - - c- {]-{In-b- X-et®m-dn-s‚- {]-h¿- - W-am-b- {In-bIƒ-°-v e-fn-Xam-b- - - bn¬- B-cw-`n-®p.- C-t∏mƒ- 18 ∂-Xn-p-ti-jw- n-ch[n- a-’c- - - - Pnw- ˛- 2005)- A¿-jZ-v ^-Ã-v d-Æ¿- - n-°v- {]-tNm-Zhpw- n-c¥cam- - - - - - Ø--Øn-v- Du¿-÷-ta-Ip-∂p.- ]-cn-lm-cam-W-v Cu- ]-cn-io-e]- - - - kw-ÿm-ßfn¬- kn-]-v A-°m- - - ß-fn¬- A¿-jZ-v hn-Pbn-®n-´p-≠-v - - A-∏m-bn-cp-∂p.- b- ]n-¥p-Wbpw- -eIn-b- F-s‚- - -v Ip-´n-Ifn¬- Cu- ]-cn-io-e]cn- - - - - cn-]m-Sn-bn-eq-sS- H-cp- Ip-´n-°v- ]- Z-an-°v- km-∂n-[y-ap-≠v.- 450 tI- ;- A-hm¿-Up-Iƒ- t-Sn-bn-´p-≠v.- C-tam-jW¬- C-‚en-P≥-k,v - - - am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ-°pw- kn-]v- A- ]m-Sn-bn-eq-sS- hn-⁄m-kw-th- - Tn-°m≥- I-gn-bp-I.- Ip-´n-Isf- hn- - {µ-ß-fn¬- ]-cn-io-e-w- -ev-Ip- -º¿- {I-©nw-Kv,- sN-kv,- Izn-kv- sa-‚¬- F-_n-en-‰n,- F-Iv-k-sS- °m-Z-an-bp-am-bn- Cu- A-hm¿-Uv- Z-Øn-s‚- ]p-Xn-b- co-Xn-Iƒ- X- - kvabhy-‡n-Xz-ßfm-°n- am-‰n-b- - - - - ∂p.- Fw.-sI.-sI- m-b¿- ]p-c-kv-Im-cw- F-kv.-Ir-jv-W-Ip-am-dn-v- Fw.-sI.-sI- m-b¿- ß-fpw- A-Sn-Ø-d-bpw- H-cp- f¿-®b°-v sN-bX- tk-hw- - -v -v - Øpw- an-Ihp- sX-fn-bn-®- Ir- - h¿-Øn-®Xpw- Ir-jWIp-am- - -v - ∏p-I-fn¬- sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn- c-s™-Sp-°s∏-´p.- tI-{µ- a- - ^u-t≠-j≥- t^m¿- U-he- - °n-b- hy-‡n- F-∂- n-e- n-kv-Xp-e-am-Wv.- A-t±-lw- jvWIp-am-dn-s‚- I¿-a]Yw- - - - - dm-bn-cp-∂p.- 73˛¬- {]-h¿-Øn-®p.- C-hn-sS-sb- {¥n-k-`-bn¬- B-tcm-Kyw,- ∏v-sa-‚ v- C-n-tjy-‰o-hv-kn- bn-ep-≈- k-a{K- kw-`m-h- - - ÿm-]n-®- I-YIfn- tI-{µw- - - G-sd- {i-t≤-bam-W.v - Ir-j-v - I-f-Iv-S¿- ÿm-w- H-gn- √mw- X-t‚-Xm-b- an-Ihpw- - - sS-Iv-ssì-kv,- hm¿-Øm- s‚- {]-Ya- Fw.- sI.- sI- m- - bv°m-W-v Ir-jW- Ip-am-dn-,v - - -v X-s∂- A-Xn--v D-Zm-lcWw.- - - W-Ip-am-dn-s‚- k-tlm-ZcXp- - - bp-tºmƒ- F-dWm-Ip-fsØ- - - ho-- ]-≤-Xn-I-fpw- -S-∏m- hn-XcW- {]-t£-]Ww,- {]- - - - b¿- ]p-ckIm-cØn-v- ap≥- - v- - Fw.- sI.- sI- m-b¿- ]p-c- ey-m-bn-cp-∂- Fw.- sI.- sI- °n- A-t±-lw- {]-ikXn- t- - -v Xn-tcm-[w,- s]-t{Sm-fn-bw,- tI-{µ-a-{¥n-bpw- ap≥- F-d- kvIm-cw- ¬-Im≥- Pq-dn- Xo- - A-t±-lØn-e¿-∏n-®- hn-izm- - Sn.- H-cp- Z-iIØn-e[n-Iw- Im- - - - ]m-cºtcy-Xc- Du¿-÷w,- Ir- - - - Wm-Ip-fw- Pn-√m- I-fISdp-am- - -v - cp-am-n-®X.v - - k-hpw- {]-Xo-£-bpw- kz-]v- ew- Pn.-kn.-Un.-F- sN-b¿-am- jn- F-∂o- h-Ip-∏p-Ifp-sS- a- - b- F-kv.- Ir-jv-W- Ip-am¿- `-cW- cw-KØpw- tI-cf- - - - -ßfpw- ]q¿-Wam-bpw- km- - - m-bn- {]-h¿-Øn-®p.- C-°m- {¥n-bm-bn- {]-h¿-Øn-®p.- A¿-lm-bn.- - Øn-se- hy-hkm-bn-I- cw-K- - £m-Xv-I-cn-°m≥- Ir-jv-W- e-b-f-hn-em-Wv- ]--ºn-≈n- n-ch[n- A-hm¿-Up-Iƒ- - - F≥.-F≥- k-Xy-hr-X≥- Øpw- kmw-kv-Im-cn-I- cw-K- Ip-am-dn--v I-gn-™p.- -K¿- t]m-ep-≈- B-kq-{Xn- A-t±-lsØ- tX-Sn-sb-Øn- - sN-b¿-am-pw- kn.- B¿- Hm- Øpw- Zo¿-LZr-jSn-tbm-sS- - v- 1971 ¬- F-d-Wm-Ip-fw- X- `-hn¿-Ωm-W- ]-≤Xn- - - - bn-´p-≠.v - s]m-Xp-{]-h¿-Ø- - a--°p-´≥,- sI.-hn- cm-a-N- ]p-Xn-b- I¿-akcWn- sh-´n- - - - Pn-√m- I-fIvSdm-bn- ÿm-- - - - I-fpw- a-ssd≥- ss{U-h-v t]m- Øn-p-≈- C-ØhWsØ- - - - {µ≥,- A-Uz.- am-Xyp- t]mƒ- Øp-d-∂- {]-Xn-`m-im-en-bm- ta-‰- F-k.v Ir-jWIp-am¿- - - -v - ep-≈- B-tKm-f- {i-≤- t- B¿.-i¶¿- A-hm¿-Uv- s^- - F-∂n-h¿- Aw-K-ß-fp-am-b- bn-cp-∂p- Fw.- sI.- sI- m- K-chn-IkØn-m-bn- n-c- - - - - Sn-b- t{]m-P-Iv-Sp-I-fpw- -S- {_p-hcn-bn-em-W-v Ir-jWIp- - -v - Pq-dn-bm-Wv- F-kv.- Ir-jvW- - b¿- (1930 Un-kw-_¿- 29 ˛- h-[n- ]-≤Xn-Iƒ- B-kq-{X- - ∏m-°n-bX.v - - am¿- t-Sn-bX.v - n-ch[n- ]p- - - - Ip-am-dn-s- sX-cs™-Sp-Ø- - 1987 sk-]v-‰w-_¿- 27).- ^m- Ww- sN-bvXp.- Cu- ]-≤Xn- - - 1980˛¬- Hu-tZym-Kn-I- kvXIßfpw- c-Nn-®n-´p-s≠- - - - - Xv.- 10,-000 cq-]-bpw- ^-e-I- Iv-Sn-s‚- km-c-Yyw- G-s‰-Sp- Fw.- sI.- sI- m-b¿- I-fm-Wv- ]n-∂o-Sv- sIm-®n-°v- F-k.v - Ir-jW- Ip-am¿- -v ÿm-߃- D-t]-£n-®-v A- - ∂v- Fw.- sI.- sI- m-b¿- ^u- hpw- {]-ikXn- ]-{X-hpw- Dƒ- - -v Ø- ti-jw- H-cp- Im¿-jn-I- A-¥m-cm-jv-{S- {i-≤- t-Sn- t±-lw- cm-jv-{So-b-Øn¬- t≠-j≥- t^m¿- U-h-e-∏v- s∏-Sp-∂Xm-W-v ]p-ck°m-cw.- - - -v hn-πhØn-p- X-s∂- t-Xr- - - A-t±-lØn-s‚- {In-bm-Im-e- - s°m-Sp-ØX.v - kn-hn¬- tÃ- - A-t±-lw- kw-ÿm--sØ- tN¿-∂p.- 84 ap-X¬- aq-∂p- X- sa-‚ -v C-n-tjy-‰o-hk-v sk- -v F-dWm-Ip-fØn-s‚- k-a{K- - - - Xzw- ¬-In-b- Fw.- sI.- sI- Øp- X-s∂- F-dWm-Ip-fw- Pn- - j≥- Im-°m-t´-°-v am-‰n-b- - G-‰-hpw- an-I-®- Pn-√-bm-bn- h-W- Xp-S¿-®bm-bn- sIm-√w- - {I-´-dn- ]n.- F- hn-P-b≥,- {S- hn-IkØn--v B-kq-{Xn-X- - - - m-b¿- tI-cfØn-s‚- ap-J- - - √-bn¬- `-cW- cw-KØpw- km- - - Xn-pw- Pn.-kn.-Un.-F- cq-]o- am-‰n-°gn-™n-cp-∂p.- Xp-S¿- - tem-Ik`m- ko-‰n¬- n-∂pw- -v - j-d¿- ap-lΩZ-v k-enw- F-∂n- - - am-b- A-Sn-ÿm-- ku-Icy- - ap-{Z-bm-b- I-YIfn-bp-sS- h- - - aq-ly- kmw-kvIm-cn-I- cw-K- - I-cWØn-pw- ]n-∂n¬- {]- - - ∂v- hn-hn-[- k¿-°m¿- h-Ip- tIm-¨{K-kv- Sn-°‰n¬- sX- - - h¿- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.-
  3. 3. sabn≥ kv-t‰m-dn- 2009 am¿-®v- 01 ˛ G-{]n¬ -14 3 hn-˛-Km¿-Uv-:- n-c-¥-c- {]-b-Xv--ap-≠m-°p-∂- A-¤p-Xw- quot;-quot;n-c¥c- {]-bXvw- A-¤p-X߃- kr-jv- - - - - - - ∂v- A-Sp-°p-Ifp-≈- C≥-kp- - bv-°pw- B-°w- Iq-´pw.- bv-Xp.- I-º-n- B- h¿-jw- -S-Øn-b- sj-b¿- Hm- Sn-°pw.- hn-˛-Km¿-Un-s‚- hn-P-b-Km-Y- A-Xp- sX-fn- te-j≥- km-t¶-Xn-I-hn-Zy- hym-h-km-bn-I- B-h-iy- ^¿- h-gn- 65.-60 tIm-Sn- cq-]- k-am-lcn-®p.- C-Xn-s‚- - bn-°p-∂p-≠.v ''--- C-°m-cyw- hy-‡am-°p-∂X-v hn- Km¿- - - bm-Wv- D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv.- - - ߃-°pw,- hm-Wn-Py- n¿- 83.-86 i-Xam-w- C-Xn-Iw- ]p-Xn-b- t{]m-PISp-Iƒ- - - - -v Uv- C≥-Uk{So-kv- en-an-‰Uv- am-t-Pnw-Kv- U-bdIv- - v- - - - D-Ø-cm-©¬- ^m-Iv-S-dn-bn- Ωm-W- {]-h¿-Ø߃- - - °p-th-≠n- I-ºn- D-]tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øn-°gn-™p.- - - - - S¿- sIm-®u-tk-∏v- Nn-‰n-e∏n-≈n.- - se- n¿-Ωm-W-ti-jn- tI- °pw,- `q-K¿-`- ssh-Zyp-X- I-ºn-bp-sS- h-f¿-®b°-v Po-h°m-cp-sS- {]- - - -v - - ssh-Zyp-tXm-]IcW- n¿-Ωm-Xm-°fm-b- hn-˛- - - - - _n-fn-s‚- h¿-[n-®p-h-cp-∂- hn-XcWØn-pw- A-eq-an- - - - b-Xvw- h-fsc-tb-sd- k-lm-bn-°p-∂p-s≠-∂v- am- - - Km¿-U-v C≥-Uk{v- So-k-v X-an-gm-´n-se- tIm-bºØq- - -v - - Un-am-‚ n-p-kr-Xam-bn- D- - - n-bw- tI-_nƒ- D-]tbm- - t-Pnw-Kv- U-bdIS¿- sIm-®u-tk-∏v- Nn-‰n-e∏n-≈n- - - v- - cn-epw- D-Ø-cm-©-en-se- Im-in-∏q-cn-ep-am-bn- c-≠v- b¿-Øm-m-Ipw.- K-Øn¬-h-cpw.- ]p-Xn-b- Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂p.- ]p-Xn-b- c-≠-v ^m-ISdn-Ifn-em-bn- -v - - tI-_nƒ- n¿-Ωm-W- ^m-ISdn-Iƒ- Xp-d∂tXm-sS- -v - - - quot;-quot;-tIm-b-º-Øq-cn-se- D¬-]-∂w- C-Xn--Iw- hn- 250 Iq-Sp-X¬- tPm-en-km-[y-Xbm-Wp-≈Xv.- ]p-dw- - - h≥- hn-Ikam-Wv- ap-∂n¬- Im-Wp-∂Xv.- 45 tIm- - - - - bpw- D-Ø-cm-©-en-se-bpw- izm-kam¿-Pn-®- Km¿-ln-I- - tPm-en- I-cm¿- A-Sn-ÿm-Øn¬- [m-cm-fw- bq-Wn- - Sn- cq-]- ap-X¬- ap-S-°n¬- {]-th-in-°p-∂- ]p-Xn-b- ^m-ISdn-Iƒ- hm-Wn-Pym-Sn- v- - tI-_n-fn-sm-∏w- ÿm-]- ‰p-Iƒ- hn-˛Km¿-Un-p- th-≠n- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂p-≠.v - - _n-kn-k-v h-gn- A-Sp-Ø- c-≠p-h¿-jØn-p-≈n¬- - - ÿm--Øn¬- n¿-Ωm-W- -߃-°pw- h≥-In-S- hm- C-¥y-bn-se- F-Æm-bn-cw- tIm-Sn- cq-]bn-te-sd- - ]-h¿- tI-_nƒ- ta-J-e-bn¬- K-Wy-am-b- hn-]-Wn- k-÷am-bX-v A-dn-bn-°m≥- - - Wn-Py- n¿-Ωm-Wm-hiy- - bp-≈- tI-_nƒ- am¿-°‰n-se- B-hiy-Øn¬- `q-cn- - - hn-ln-Xw- t-Sn-s°m-≠v- 200 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- h- G-sd- k-t¥m-j-ap-≠v.- R- ߃-°pw- H-cp-an-®p- ¬- `m-Khpw- -evIm≥- X-an-gvm-´n-te-bpw- D-Øcm-©- - - - - cp-am-ap-≠m-°m≥- I-gn-bp-sa-∂-v I-ºn- {]-Xo-£n- - - ß-fp-sS- i-‡am-b- hn-XcWirw-Je- dn-s´-b¬- Hm- - - - - - v Im-m-Ip-∂X-v I-ºn-°-v I-cp-tØ-Ipw.- - - en-te-bpw- c-≠p- ^m-ISdn-Iƒ-°-v c-≠p- h¿-jØn- -v - - °p-∂p.- D-Øcm-©en¬- hy-hkm-bØn--v C-t∏mƒ- - - - - ∏-td-j-v kp-Kaam-b- tI-_n-fn-s‚- h-gn-sbm-cp-°p- - - - 1977˛¬- thmƒ-t´-Pv- sÃ-_n-sse-k¿- F-∂- H- p-≈n-em-Ip-sa-∂m-W-v I-cp-Xp-∂sX-∂-v F-Ikn-Iyq- - -v n-Ip-Xn- C-fhp-Ifp-≠.v - A-Xp- Iq-Sn- I-W°n-se-Sp- - - - sa-∂-v D-d∏m-W.v - - ‰- D¬- ∏ - ∂ - ´o-hv- U-bdIS¿- an-Yp≥- Nn-‰n-e∏n-≈n.- ]-ºpw- sÃ- - - v- - °p-tºmƒ- h≥- Ip-Xn-∏-v {]-Xo-£n-°p-∂p.- F¬- S n- tI- tØm-sS- B-cw- _n-sse-kdpw- n¿-an-°p-∂- bq-Wn-‰p-Itfm-Sv- tN¿- - - tIm-bºØq-cn-se- πm-‚ n¬- tem- sS≥-j≥- - - _nƒ- cw-K-Øv- `n-®- hn- Km¿-Uv- ∂m-Wv- tIm-bºØq-cn-se- ]p-Xn-b- tI-_nƒ- ^m- - - (F¬-Sn-)- tI-_n-fp-Ifpw- D-Øcm-©en¬- h-bdnw- - - - - A-Sp-Ø- 24 am- C≥-U-kv-{So-kv- IvSdn.- 24 G-°¿- ÿ-eØm-WX.v - 60,-000 N-Xp-c{i- - - - - - Kv- tI-_n-fp-Ifp- am-W-v n¿-Ωn-°p-I.- 60,-000 N-Xp-c- - k-Øn--Iw- K- aq-∂p- ]-Xn-‰m- A-Sn-bn-em-Wv- D-Øcm-©¬- bq-Wn-‰v.- C-eIv{Sn-Iv- - - - {i- A-Sn-bn¬- tIm-bºØq-cn¬- Xo¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂- - - Wy-am-b- hn-]- ≠p-Iƒ- sIm-≠-v hm-´¿- lo-‰¿- n¿-an-°m-m-bn- ln-am-N¬- {]-tZ-in¬- F¬-Sn- ]-h¿- tI-_nƒ- bq-Wn-‰n¬- ]n-hn-kn- A- Wn- hn-ln-Xw- bp-]n-F-kv- ]p-Xn-b- πm-‚ v- n¿-an-°pw.- Cu- h¿-jw- X-s∂- A- s√-¶n¬- F-Isk¬-]n-C- C≥-kp-te-‰-v sN-bX- A- -v -v t-Sn-sb-Sp- (C≥-sh¿-´¿-),- Xp- {]-h¿-Ø£aam-°m-m-Wv- {i-aw.- A-hn-sS- - - - - eq-an-n-bw,- sN-º-v tI-_n-fp-Ifm-W-v n¿-Ωn-°p-∂- - °m≥- I-gn-bp- hm-´¿- lo-‰¿- (Ko- ^m-pw- n¿-an-°pw.- Xv.- h¿-jw- 3,-000 sa-{Sn-Iv- S-¨- A-eq-an-n-bw,- 300 sa-∂m-W-v {]-Xo- k¿-),- hm-´¿- ]- hn-˛Km¿-Uv- D¬-∏∂ßfp-sS- Kp-Wta-∑- A-h- - - - - - sa-{Sn-Iv- S-¨- tIm-∏¿- tI-_n-fp-Iƒ- n¿-Ωn-°m≥- £n-°p-∂-Xv-'-'- ºv,- tkm-fm¿- hm- bp-sS- hn-]WØn¬- G-sd- k-lm-bn-°p-∂p-s≠- - - - ti-jn-bp-≈Xm-Wv- Cu- bq-Wn-‰v.- F¬- Sn- tI-_n- - hn- Km¿-Uv- am- ´¿- lo-‰¿,- ko- ∂v- No-^v- am¿-°‰nw-Kv- am-t-P¿- ap-cfo-[c≥- Fw.- - - - fp-Iƒ- n¿-Ωn-°p-∂- C-¥y-bn-se- G-‰hpw- h-en-b- - t-Pnw-K-v U-bd- - enw-Kv- ^m≥,- h- ]n- kq-Nn-∏n-®p.- Xm-cXtay-- hn-e°p-dhp-am-W.v - tem- - - - - ^m-ISdn-Ifn¬- H-∂m-bn-cn-°p-an-X.v - P¿-Ωn-bn-se- -v - - - Iv-S¿- sIm-®u- b- d nw- K v- tI- I-sØ-ºm-Sp-ap-≈- km-ºØn-I- am-µy- {]-iw- I- - v- o-tlm-^v,- A-ta-cn-°-bn-se- tdm-bn¬- A-S-°-ap- tk-∏-v Nn-‰n-e∏n- - _nƒ- Xp-Sßn-b- - º-n-sb- _m-[n-®n-´n-s√-∂v- No-^v- ^n-m≥-jy¬- ≈- {]-ap-J- A-¥m-cm-j{S- {_m≥-Up-Ifp-tS-Xm-W-v -v - ≈n- ]-d™p.- - -µIp-am¿- Sn.- - ap-cfo-[c≥- Fw.-]n- - - Km¿-ln-I- D-e]- v- Hm-^o-k¿- -µIp-am¿- Sn- F-Sp-Øp-Im-´n.- B-µv,- - - Cu- A-Xym-[p-n-I- ^m-ISdn-bn¬- ÿm-]n-®n-´p-≈--v - K- h - ¨ - s a- ∂-ß-fp-sS- C- Zo-]Iv,- P-b{io- Xp-Sßn- H-cp- Iq-´w- sN-dp-∏°m-cm- - - - - b-{¥-߃.- ‚p- X-eØn-epw- A-√m-sX-bpw- A-Sn-ÿm-- ku-I- - ¥y-sbm-´p-°v- A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂- m-a-am-bn- am-dn.- Wv- Du¿-Pkz-eam-bn- am-t-Psa-‚ -v X-eØn¬- sIm- - - -v - hn- Km¿-Un-s‚- lu-kv- h-bdnw-Kv- tI-_n-fp-I- - cy-hn-IkØn¬- -S∂p- sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- A-`n- - - - - 2008˛¬- t_mw-s_- tÃm-°v- F-Iv-kv-tN-©n-epw,- ®n- I-eq¿- F¬.-F^v.kn- tdm-Un-ep-≈- c-Pn-kt{S- - - v- fn¬- kp-c£bv°v- Iq-Sp-X¬- Du-∂¬- ¬-In- aq- - - - hr-≤n- tI-_nƒ- n¿-Ωm-W- ta-J-e-bp-sS- h-f¿-®- m-jW¬- tÃm-°v- F-IktN-©n-epw- en-Ãv- sN- - v- v- Uv- Hm-^n-kn¬- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂X.v - - Hm-^¿- tI-c-f-Øn¬- Fw-Sn-F-kv- A-c-tß-‰w- quot;-quot;-am-‰q- sse-^n-s‚- πm≥-'-'- F-∂- B-lzm--hp-am-bn- tI-c-f- en-b- n-t£-]߃- -SØp-I- h-gn- hn-]Wn- Iq-Sp-X¬- hn-im-eam- sX- F-√m- Zn-hkhpw- ku-Pyam-bn- 10 F-k.v Fw.-Fkp-Iƒ- C-¥y- - - - - - - - -- - - Øn-se- sam-ss_¬- sS-en-t^m-Wn- cw-KtØ-°v- Fw-Sn-Fkv.- - - °m≥- km-[n-°p-sa-∂pw- I-ºn-bp-sS- Ir-Xy-hpw- {]-Xn-⁄m-_≤- bn-se- G-Xp- s-‰h¿-°n-te-°pw- A-b°m≥- I-ºn- A-p-hZn-°p- - - v- - - - kn-Ãa- iymw- sS-en- k¿-ho-kkv- {]-kn-U‚pw- No-^v- F-Ivkn- hp-am-b- B-kq-{X-W߃-°-v D-Zm-lcWam-sW-∂-v tI-cfØn-te-°p- ∂p.- 499 cq-]- hn-ebp-≈- Fw- Im¿-U- v- kz-¥am-°p-∂- D-]tbm-‡m- - - - - - - - - - - - - - Iyq-´o-h-v Hm-^o-kdp-am-b- sk-htem-Z-v tcm-ktm-hpw- kn-Ãa- C-¥y- ≈- {]-th-i--sa-∂pw- - - - - hn--v Bbp-jIm-ew- ap-gp- -v No-^-v d-{]-k‚ n-‰o-h-v A-eIkm-≠¿- F.- No-t-hpw- Fw-Sn-Fk-v X-an- tdm-k-m-hv- Iq-´n-t®¿- - - -v - h≥- C-Xv- B-kz- Zn-°mw.- - gvm-S,v - tI-cf- No-^-v Hm-∏td-‰nw-K-v Hm-^o-k¿- {io-n-hm-k- dm-hp- km- Øp.- cm-Py-Øm-Iam-w- - - - - Ip-Spw-_mw-K-߃,- cn-∏-≈n-bpw- tN¿-∂m-Wv- Fw-Sn-F-kv- {_m≥-Un-s‚- tI-c-f-Øn-se- 22 k¿-°n-fp-I-fn¬- {]- kp-lr-Øp-°ƒ,- hym-]m-c- A-hXcWw- sIm-®n-bn¬- n¿-hln-®X.v - Fw-Sn-Fk-v tem-IØn-se- h¿-Øw- -SØm-p-≈- - - - - - - - - - ÿm-]߃ F-∂n-hb-v - - - G-‰hpw- h-en-b- F-´m-asØ- sam-ss_¬- sS-en-t^m-Wn- {_m≥-Um- A-p-a-Xn- e-`n-®p-I-gn- - - °v- Fw- Im¿-Uv- Xn-I®pw- - Wv.- Fw-Sn-Fkn-s‚- h-cthm-sS- tI-cfØn-se- sS-en-t^m-Wn- ta-J- ™- I-ºn- h-cpw-am-k- - - - - - A-p-tbm-Py-am-W.v - 10 h¿- e-bn¬- tk-hZm-Xm-°fp-sS- F-Æw- F-´m-bn.- tIm-Uv- Un-hn-j≥- ß-fn¬- A-Xn-s‚- {]h¿- - - - j-Øn¬- Iq-Sp-X¬- F-√m- aƒ-´n-∏nƒ- A-Ivkkv- (kn-Un-Fw- Ø-w- hym-]n-∏n-°phm- - - a-m-k-hpw- 4000 an-n-‰p-ho- F-)- πm-‰t^m-an-em-Wv- Fw-Sn-Fkv- p-≈- X-øm-sd-Sp-∏n-em- v- - Xw- Fw- Im¿-Uv- h-gn- kw- tk-hw.- k-n¬- m-bcm-Wv- tI- Wv.- - - kmcn-°p-hm≥- km-[n- c-fØn-se- sk-bn¬-kv- sl-Uv.- - Fw- Im¿-Uv- F-∂- °pw.- C- ¥ y- b n¬- B- B-dp- cm-Py-ßfn-em-bn- 10 tIm- k-hn-ti-j- πm≥- h-gn- - cpw- ¬- I n- b n- ´ n- √ m- Sn-bn¬-]cw- D-]tbm-‡m-°fp-≈- kn-kv-‰-a- iymw- sS-en- - - - Ø- Cu- A-hn-iz-ko-b- - sam-ss_¬- k¿-hokv- I-ºn-bm- k¿ho-k-kv- 10 an-n-‰p- -- - am-b- πm≥- h-gn- a-‰p-≈- s- b- F-wSnF-kv- B-Wv- tI-cfØn¬- k¿-hokv- B-cw-`n-®Xv.- sd-bn≥- I-fp-sS- kw-km-ckab-- - -- - - - - ‰vh¿-°n¬-n-∂pw- am-dn-h- - t_m- F-∂- t]-cn¬- cm-Pÿm-n¬- k¿-ho-k-v -SØn-hcp∂- kn-k-v am-Wv- C-tX- k¿ho-kn- - - - -- cp-∂- D-]tbm-‡m-°-sf- ‰-a- iymw- sS-en-k¿-ho-kkv- A-Sp-Øn-sS- X-an-gvm-´n-epw- k¿-ho-kv- se- t^m-Wn-te-°-v ¬- - - Iq-Sm-sX- ]p-Xn-bhtc-bpw- - - Xp-Sßn-bn-cp-∂p.- - Ip-∂X.v - Fw- Im¿-U-v h- - {]-Xo-£n-°p-∂p-sh-∂v- d-jy≥- I-º-n-bm-b- kn-kv-‰-a-bpw- C-¥y-bn-se- iymw- {Kq-∏pw- gn- F-wSnF-kn¬-n-∂pw- Fw-Sn-Fkv- {_m≥-Un-s‚- tI-cfØn-se- A-hXcWw- sIm-®n-bn¬- kn-Ãa- iymw- kn-k‰a- iymw- sS-en- k¿- - - - - - - - -v - tN¿-∂p-≈- H-cp- kw-bp-‡- kw-cw-`am-b- kn-kv‰a- iymw- sS-en-k¿- F-wSnF-kn-te-°p-≈- - - - sS-en- k¿-ho-kkv- {]-kn-U‚pw- No-^v- F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-hv- Hm-^o-kdp-am-b- sk-htem- ho-k-kn-s‚- tI-c-f-˛X- - - v- - - ho-k-kv- A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂- F-wSnF-kv,- C-¥y≥- sam-ss_¬- sS- tem-°¬- tIm-fp-Iƒ- Zv- tdm-km-hpw- kn-Ãa- C-¥y- No-^v- d-{]-k‚ n-‰o-hv- A-eIkm-≠¿- F.- No-t-hpw- an-gm-S-v No-^-v Hm-∏td-‰nw- - - - - v- -v en-t^m¨- cw-KsØ- -hm-KXcm-W.v - D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°m-bn- e-£- 150 an-n-‰p-Iƒ- Zn-htk- - - - - - - Fw-Sn-Fk-v X-an-gm-S,v - tI-cf- No-^-v Hm-∏td-‰nw-K-v Hm-^o-k¿- {io-n-hm-k- dm-hp- km- Kv- Hm-^o-k¿- {io-n-dm-hp- - -v - - °-W°n-v- an-n-‰p-Ifp-sS- ku-Py- kw-km-ckabam-Wv- I-ºn- - ku-Py-am-W.v - Iq-Sm- cn-∏≈n-bpw- tN¿-∂-v n¿-hln-°p-∂p.- - - - - - - - - - - - km-cn-∏≈n- A-`n-{]m-b- D-ZLm-StØm-Sp-_‘n-®-v ¬- -v - - - - s∏-´p.- Ip-∂X.v - C-t∏mƒ- ]m-e°m-S,v - Xr- - iq¿,- B-e-∏p-g,- sIm-√w,- Xn-cp-h- -¥]p-cw- F-∂n-ßs- B-dp- Pn- - - - hm¿-Øm-hn-n-a-b- cw-K-Øv- d-jy- Iq-Sp-X¬ C-h-bv-°p-]p-d-sa- kn-kv-‰-a- iymw- sS-en- k¿-ho-kkv- Ah-X- cn-∏n-°p-∂- Fw-tk-h¿- 99 πm≥- - √-Ifn-em-bn- 117 ]-´Wßfn¬- F- - wSnF-kn--s‚- tk-hw- e-`y-am-W.v - Pq¨- A-h-km--hm-c-tØm-sS- - - - - aq-e-[-w- n-t£-]n-°pw-:- d-jy≥- Aw-_m-k-U¿- Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn-se,- {]-tXy-In-®v,- Fw-Sn-Fkn-s‚- tI-cfØn-se- {]-h¿-Ø- I≥- hn-Pbv- tb-ip-Zm-kn-s‚-bpw- {]-ikv- tem-°¬- tIm-fp-Iƒ- 99 cq-]b°-v - - - - - h-gn- F-wSnF-kn¬-n-∂pw- F- wSnF-kn-te-°v- ]-cn-[n-bn-√m-sX- - -v tI-cfØn-se- 300 ]-´Wßfn¬- - - - - - tI-cfØn-se- sS-en-Iayq-Wn-t°-j≥- cw- - - - w- D-ZLm-Sw- sN-bXv- {]-kw-Kn-°p-I- v- - v- X- ]n-∂Wn- Km-bn-I- dn-an- tSm-an-bp-sS-bpw- - hn-fn-°p-hm≥- km-[n-°pw.- Fw-tk- {]-h¿-Øw- Xp-Sßp-∂- F-wSnF- - - K-Ø-v d-jy≥- s^-Utd-j≥- Iq-Sp-X¬- aq- - bm-bn-cp-∂p- Aw-_m-kU¿.- kn-Ãa- iymw- - - kw-Ko-X- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw- {]-ap-J- ¿-Ø- - h¿- 30 F-∂- πm-n-eq-sS- B-Zy- kv- Pq-sse-tbm-sS- 400 ]-´Wß- - - e-[w- n-t£-]n-°p-sa-∂-v C-¥y-bn-se- - sS-en- k¿-ho-k-kv- {]-kn-U-‚pw- kn.-C.- I≥- tPm-¨- {_n-t´m-bp-sS-bpw- kw-L- sØ- c-≠p- F-k.v Fw.-Fkn-p-ti- - - fn-te°v- hym-]n-°p-∂Xm-W.v - - d-jy≥- Aw-_m-kU¿- hy-®…m-h-v {Xq-_-v - - H.- bp-am-b- sk-h-tem-Zv- tdm-k-m-hv,- C- Øn-s‚-bpw- r-Ø- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw- D-ZLm- - -v jw- Zn-hkw- ap-gp-h≥- C-¥y-bn-se- - C-¥y-sb-t∏m-ep-≈- h-f-sc- n-t°m-h-v {]-kXm-hn-®p.- q-‰m-≠p-Ifm- -v - ¥y-bn-se- kn-Ã-a-bp-sS- {]-Xn-n-[n- A- S-- N-Sßp-Iƒ-°v- sIm-gp-∏p-Iq-´n.- tem- - G-Xp- s-‰h¿-°n-te-°pw- ku-P- -v hn-im-eam-b- hn-]Wn,- h-f¿-®b°-v - - - -v bn- n-en¬-°p-∂- C≥-tUm-˛djy≥- D- - - - e-Ikm-≠¿- F.- No-t-hv,- tI-cf˛Xan-gv- v- - -- - ©n-Mv- hn-fw-_-cw- sN-bv-Xp-sIm-≠v- -S- y-am-bn- F-kv.-Fw.-F-kv- A-b- G-‰hpw- D-Øaam-sW-∂-v D-d®p-hn- - - - - `-bI£n- _-‘߃- Iq-Sp-X¬- A-c°n- - - - - m-Sv- No-^v- Hm-∏td-‰nw-Kv- Hm-^o-k¿- {io- - Øn-b- te-k¿- {]-I-S-w- Im-Wn-I-fn¬- °m≥- km-[n-°pw.- iz-kn-°p-∂p- F-∂-v kn-k‰a- iymw- -v - ´p-d∏n-°m≥- C-X-v Iq-Sp-X¬- k-lm-bIam- - - - n- dm-hp- k-m-cn-∏-≈n- F-∂n-h¿- {]-kw- hn-kabw- kr-jSn-®p.- {]-ikX- A-hXm- -v - -v - -v - kn-k‰a- iymw- sS-en- k¿ho- v- - sS-en-k¿-ho-k-kn-s‚- kn.-C.-H- Ip-sa-∂-v Aw-_m-kU¿- ]-d™p.- - - Kn-®p.- c-I- am-waXn- Nm-cn-bm-Wv- B-Xn-Yy-acp-fn- - v- - k-kn-s‚- 74 i-Xam-w- Hm-lcn- ]- - - bpw- {]-kn-U‚p-am-b- sk-h-tem- sam-ss_¬- tk-h- Zm-Xm-°fm-b- - - {]-ik-v-X- N-e-®-n-{X- ]n-∂-Wn-Km-b- b-X.v- ¶m-fn-Ø-w- d-jy≥- I-º-n-bm-b- Zv- tdm-km-h-v ]-d™p.- h-fsc- h- - - - kn-k‰ab°m-W.v - -v - - -v

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