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Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 06 2009 Feb 15-28
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Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 06 2009 Feb 15-28

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Crossroad is a Malayalam Tabloid fortnightly newspaper with full of news, views and information. It includes Business, Products, Management, Real Estate, Banking, Insurance, Tax, Share Market, Health, …

Crossroad is a Malayalam Tabloid fortnightly newspaper with full of news, views and information. It includes Business, Products, Management, Real Estate, Banking, Insurance, Tax, Share Market, Health, Medicine, Fashion, Travel, Hospitality, Cinema, Sports, Hobby, Literature, Arts, Vehicle, Law and more, which is publishing 1st and 15th of every month from Kochi, Kerala State, India.

Address: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil, Executive Editor, Crossroad, P.B.No: 4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Kaloor P.O., Kochi-682017, Kerala, India. E-mail: karikkampallil@gmail.com Mobile: + 91 9847738883

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  • 1. cmyk hm¿- Ø - I ƒ - m - e p- ] m- S p- n- ∂ p- w - 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 I sIm-®n- I ]p-kv-X-Iw- 03 I e-°-w- 06 I t]-Pv- 16 I hn-e- 10 cq-]- Access Crossroad at http://rediscoverkerala.com Exact copy of print edition. Read it the way it is printed. quot;quot; You can find anytime and from anywhere so that you do not miss Crossroad. Print any page. Archives enable you to easily search previous issues crossroad graphics Online ''- cmyk
  • 2. 2 sabn≥ kv-t‰m-dn- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 ssZh-Øns‚ kz¥w h°o-¬ S-Øp∂X-v- I-gn-™- ]-Xn-m-dp- h¿-j- sØ- D-W¿-Øn-bX.v - tI-´h¿- tI- - - A-`bsb- I-s≠-Øm-m-bn-√.- - - kn-ÿ- A-`bbp-sS- sIm-e- - - W-X- D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂pw- B- h-cm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v- ss{Iw-{_m- am-bn- kn-ÿ- A-`-b- tI-kn¬- ´-h¿- am-a≥- am-∏n-f- lm-fn-s‚- tIm´bw- sh-Ãt]m-eo-k-v - - -v ]m-XIw- B-fllXy-bm-°n- am- - - - fl-lXym-{i-aw- -SØn-bn-´p-s≠- - - ©n-v- sam-gn- ¬-In-b- F≥.-sI- o-Xn- tX-Sn- A-e-bp-I-bm-Wv- a- ]n≥-h-i-Øp-≈- tIm-¨-sh-‚ n- tÃ-j-s‚- ]-cn-[n-bn-em-Wv- ]-b- ‰n-b- Xn-c°Ybp-sS- mƒ-hgn-bn- - - - - ∂p-am-Wv.- F-∂m¬- B- h-kvXp- - tXm-a-kn-s-bpw- k-tlm-Z-c≥- p-jym-hIm-i- {]-h¿-ØIm-b- - - - s‚- ap≥-]n¬- X-Sn-®p-Iq-Sn.- kw-`- kv- sS≥-Xv- tIm-¨-sh-‚ v.- F- te-b°-v sh-fn-®w- ho-ip-∂Xm-W-v -v - X- sX-‰m-sW-∂pw- A-`-b-bp-sS- F≥.-sI- ]o-‰dn-t-bpw- I-≠-v sX- - tPm-tam≥- ]p-Ø≥-]p-cbv°¬.- - - h-ÿ-ew- s]m-eo-kv- ko¬- sN- ∂m¬- hn-hcw- tÃ-jn¬- A-dn- - - sl-Uv-tIm-¨-Ã-_nƒ- (3415)- A-Ω- eo-em-Ω- hn-jm-Z-tcm-K- e- fn-sh-Sp-Øp.- H-cn-°epw- A-Øcw- - - F-hn-sS- n-∂pw- F-Xn¿-∏p- am-{X- bvXn-cp-∂p.- am-kn-I- tcm-Kn-bm- - - bn-°p-Ib√- tIm-¨sh-‚ A[n- - - - -v - Fw.-sI.- kvIdn-bbp-sS- sam-gn-:- - - - £-W߃- {]-ISn-∏n-®X-v A-`b- - - - - sam-gn- ss{Iw-{_m-©n-v- ¬-In- am-Wv- C-°m-e-a-{X-bpw- t-cn-tS- b- I-ym-k{Xo- B-fllXy- sN- -v - - Ir-X¿- B-Zyw- sN-bXX.v - ]-Icw- -v - - quot;-quot;-R-߃- Po-∏n¬- tIm-¨- bp-sS- a-cWØn-v- ti-jam-sW- - - - bn-´n-s√-∂-v A-h¿- kn-_n.-sF-°-v ≠n- h-∂n-´p-≈Xv.- k-Xy-Øn-t‚- - bvXp- F-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- B-Zy- hm¿- - ss{I-{_m-©v- F-kv.]n- B-bn-cp- - sh-‚ n-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ- ss{Iw- ∂pw- h¿-Ko-kv- ]n.- tXm-a-kv- I- sam-gn- ¬-In.- A-`btb-bpw- A- - - bpw- o-Xn-bp-tS-bpw- `m-KØp- n- - Ø.- tIm-´-bw- Pn-√-bn-se- A-co- ∂- sI.-Sn- ssa-°n-fn-s-bm-Wv- {_m-©-v s]m-eo-k-v kq-{]-≠-v sI.- s≠-Øn.- X-s‚- Io-gn-ep-≈- D- Ω-bp-sS- Ip-Spw-_sØ-bpw- G-sd- - ev°p-sa-∂-v F-√m-hcpw- I-cp-Xp-∂- - - °-c- sF-°c°p-t∂¬- tXm-akn- - - - B-Zyw- hn-hcw- A-dn-bn-®Xv.- - - Sn.-ssa-°n-fn-s‚- Hu-tZym-Kn-I- hm- tZym-Kÿs‚- t]-cn¬- k-a¿-∏n-- - °m-eam-bn- A-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂- C- - am-[y-aßfpw- tIm-SXn-Ifpw- t]m- - - - - s‚-bpw- eo-em-Ωbp-sS-bpw- G-I- - sh-Ãv- t]m-eo-kv- F.-F-kv.- l-w- ap-‰Ø-v In-S∏p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- - - ®- hym-P- dn-t∏m¿-´pw- sI.-Sn- ssa- cp-hcpw- A-`b- Xn-I®pw- km-[m- - - - epw- n-£n-]vX- Xm-Xv]cy-ßfp- - - - - a-Iƒ- _o-- F-∂- kn-ÿ- A-`- sF- hn.-hn.- A-KÃn-s‚- sam-gn-bn- - cm-hn-se- 10˛-v- sI.-Sn.- ssa-°nƒ- °nƒ- H-cp- sS-en-hn-j≥- Nm-en- - c-W- s]-¨Ip-´n-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh- - sS- t]-cn¬- ]-I- Xo¿-°m-m-Wv- b-bp-sS- P-Uam-Wv- In-W‰n¬- I- - - ß-s-:- kw-`-h-ÿ-e-sØ-Øn.- Ip-‰-Ir- v- ¬-In-b- A-`n-ap-JØn¬- B- - ∂m-W-v h¿-Ko-k-v ]n.- tXm-akn--v - {i-an-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X.v - A-ß- - s≠-Øn-bX.v - C-cp-]Øn-sbm-∂p- - - quot;-quot;cm-hn-se- G-gn--v ss{I-{_m- - Xyw- -S∂- A-Sp-°fbpw- A-`b-- - - - h¿-Øn-®p.- D-Øchm-Zn-Øs∏-´- - - - sam-gn- ¬-In-bXv.- - s-bn-cn-t°- kz-¥w- ho-´p-Im-cp- Im-cn-bm-b- _o-- 1987˛-em-Wv- ©v- t]m-eo-kv- kq-{]-≠v- sI.-Sn.- bp-sS- P-Uw- Im-Ws∏-´- In-Wdpw- - - Cu- t]m-eo-kv- D-tZym-K-ÿ≥,- h¿-Ko-kv- ]n.- tXm-a-kv- A-`- tS-bpw- k-`-bp-tS-bpw- n-e-]m-Sp- tIm-´bw- sk-‚ -v tPm-k^k-v I- - - -v ssa-°nƒ- sS-en-t^m-Wn¬- sh- ]-cn-tim-[n-®v- Xn-cn-®p-t]m-bn.-''- - hym-P- A-tz-jWdn-t∏m¿-´v- ^- - - b-bp-sS- A-Ω-ho-Sv- ÿn-Xn- sN- I-sf-°p-dn-®-v Nn-¥n-°p-Itb- th- - ym-k{v- Xo- k-aq-lØn¬- tN¿-∂- - Ãv- t]m-eo-kv- tÃ-j-n¬- hn-fn- F.-Fk.v sF- A-KÃn≥- A- - - - b¬- sN-bXXpw- A-Xv- k-Xy-am- v- - øp-∂- ]n-dhØp-≈- K-h¨sa-‚ -v - - - - ≠.- F-∂m¬- am-[y-aßfn-eq-sS-- - Xv.- 1990˛¬- n-Xy-{h-X- hm-KZm-w- -v ®v- ]-bkv- sS≥-Xv- tIm-¨sh-‚ n- - - `-b-bp-sS- A-∏≥- tXm-a-kn-s- sW-∂v- sS-en-hn-j≥- Nm-en¬- - tem-h¿- ss{]-a-dn- kv-Iq-fn-se- H-cn-°-epw- ]p-d-Øp- h-∂n-´n-√m- ¬-In- A-`bsb-∂- t]-cn¬- I¿- - - se- A-t¥-hm-kn-bm-b- H-cp- I- bpw- tlm-Ãen-se- A-t¥-hm-kn- - B-h¿-Øn-®Xpw- B¿-°-v th-≠n- - sl-Uv-am-Ã-dm-b- Fw.-]n- a-Øm- Ø,- C-n- h-cm≥- C-S-bn-√m-Ø- Øm-hn-s‚- a-Whm-´n-bm-bn.- - ym-k{v- Xo-sb- Im-Wm-Xm-sb-∂pw- I-tf-bpw- tNm-Zyw- sN-bv-Xv- sam- bm-bn-cp-∂p-?- A-`bbp-sS- sIm-e- - - bn-sb- I-≠pw- sam-gn- tc-Js∏-Sp- - A-t-Iw- h-kXp-XIƒ- tPm-tam- -v - ]n-∂o-Sv- _n.-kn.-Fw.- tIm-f- C-tX-°p-dn-®v- ]-cm-Xn-s∏-Sp-∂Xn- - gn- tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn.- F-∂m¬- In- ]m-XIn-Isf- c-£n-°p-I- F-∂X-v - - - Øn-bn-cp-∂p.- B- {]-tZ-iØ-v _- - s‚- B-flIYbm-b- quot;-A`b- tI- - - - - - Pn¬- {]o-Un-{Kn-°v- tN¿-∂p.- ]-T- m-bn- tIm-¨-sh-‚ v-A-[n-Im-cn- W-dpw- ]-cn-kchpw- A-Sp-°fbpw- - - - - am-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p- A-Xn--v ]n-∂n-ep- lp-am-n-°s∏-Sp-∂- A-[ym-]I- - - kv- U-bdn-'˛bn-eq-sS- hm-b°m- - -- - - -ku-I-cy-Øn-m-bn- _n.-kn.- Iƒ- tÃ-jn¬- h-cp-sa-∂pw,- A- - ]-cn-tim-[n-°m-tm- t^m-d≥-kn- ≈- e-£y-sa-∂v- Xn-cn-®-dn-bm≥- m-b- a-Øm-bn,- X-n-°v- A-`-b- cp-sS- ap-ºn¬- F-Øp-Ibm-W.v - hm- - Fw.- tIm-f-Pn--Sp-Øv- ]-b-kv- h¿-°-v th-≠- k-lm-b߃- ¬- - Iv- hn-ZK[sc- h-cp-Øn- Ip-‰sØ- - -v - - t]m-eo-k-v _p-≤n-sbm-∂pw- B-h- bp-sS- A-Ωbp-sS- Ip-Spw-_sØ- - - b-°m-sc- ]n-Sn-®n-cp-Øp-∂Xpw- - - sS≥-Xv- tIm-¨sh-‚ n-em-Wv- Xm- - I-W-sa-∂pw- ]-d-™p.- tIm-¨- °p-dn-®p-≈- kp-£aam-b- sX-fn- v- - iy-an-√.- C-tX-°p-dn-®v- tNm-Zn-®- A-Sp-Ødn-bm-sa-∂pw- A-h¿-°m¿-- a-kn-®n-cp-∂X.v - sIm-√s∏-Sp-∂Xn- - - - sh-‚ v- A-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ- tÃ-j- hp-Iƒ- tc-Js∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xn-tm- - - t∏mƒ- tI-cfm-t]m-eo-kn-s‚- am- - °pw- X-s∂- am--kn-I- tcm-K-ap- s‚- X-te-∂v- hym-gm-gvN- kn-ÿ- - n¬- h-cn-Ibpw- kn-ÿ- A-`bsb- - - - t]m-eo-k-v kw-Lw- sa-s°-´n-√.- - w- c-£n-°m-m-W-v ss{Iw- {_m- ≈-Xm-bn- A-dn-bn-s√-∂pw- sam-gn- A`-b-bpsS A-`b- tIm-¨sh-‚ n-se- a-‰v- A- - - Im-Wm-n-s√-∂p- A-dn-bn-°p-I- In-Wdn-cn-In¬- B-cp-sS-tbm- a- - - ©v- k-a¿-∏n-®- A-¥n-adn-t∏m¿-´n- - ¬-In.- Cu- hn-hcßsf-√mw- X- - - - t¥-hm-kn-Itfm-sSm-∏w- m-Kº- - - bpw- sN-bvXp.- Rm≥- D-Ss- Po- - - e-hn-k¿-Pw- Im-Ws∏-´n-cp-∂p.- - - se- hn-iZmw-i߃- sS-en-hn-j≥- - - s‚- tI-k-v U-bdn-bn¬- tc-Js∏- - - Zpcq-l-a-cWw S-Ø-v [ym-{]-kw-KØn¬- ]-s¶- Sp-Øn-cp-∂p.- cm-{Xn- tIm-¨-sh- - - ∏n¬- sl-Uv- tIm-¨Ã_nƒ-am- cm-b- Fw.-sI.- kvIdn-b,- Ip-´∏≥,- - - - - - B- hn-hchpw- F-^.v sF.-Bdn¬- - - A-{]-Xy-£-am-bn.- hn-c-e-S-bm-f- - - A-`n-ap-JØn¬- ]-d™sX-∂m- Wv- ssa-°nƒ- a-dp-]Sn- ¬-In-b- - - - - Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v- h¿-Ko-kv- ]n.- tXm-ak-v ]-dbp-∂p.- tI-ktz- - - - ‚n¬- a-Sßn-sb-Øn.- - tIm-¨Ã_nƒ-am-cm-b- Fw.-Fw.- - - hn-Z-Kv-[-tcm- Un-‰-Iv-So-hv- kw-L- Xv.- C-ß-s-bm-bn-cp-∂p- ssa- j-WØn-se- ]p-tcm-KXn- tIm-S- - - kw_-‘n®v A-`-b-bp-sS- dqw- ta-‰m-bn-cp- tXm-ak,v - sI.- i-¶c≥- F-∂n-htcm- - - - tam- kw-`hÿesØ-Øn-bn-√.- - - - - °nƒ- X-s‚- Hu-tZym-Kn-IIr-Xy- - Xn-sb-[cn-∏n-°Wsa-∂-v B-Zy- D- - - - ∂- kn-ÿ- tj¿-en- B- cm-{Xn- sSm-∏w- tIm-¨sh-‚ n-se-Øn.- - A-tXm-sS- Ip-‰hm-fn-Isf-°p-dn-®p- - - n¿-hlWØn¬- quot;-quot;tI-cfm- t]m- - - - - - Ø-chn¬- C-√m-ØXp-aq-ew- Un- - - ss{Iw{_m-©ns‚ Hm¿-°p-∂X-v C-ßs-bm-W:-v - quot;-quot;[ym-w- I-gn-™p- a-Sßn-sb- - - - - tIm-¨sh-‚ n-s‚- t_-ksa- ‚n-ep-≈- A-Sp-°fbpw- ]-cn-kc- - - - -v - ≈- im-k{Xo-b- sX-fn-hp-Iƒ- - jv-S-am-bn.- t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-v- -v eo-kn-s‚- am-w-''- c-£n-®sX-∂- Xn-cn-®dn-h-v sR-´n-∏n-°p-∂Xm-W.v - - - - - ssh.-Fk.v ]n- h¿-Ko-k-v ]n.- tXm- - - a-k-v X-s‚- ta-ep-tZym-Kÿm-b- - - Øn-b- A-`-b- k-‘ym- {]m¿-Y- hpw- ]-cn-tim-[n-®p.- {^n-UPn-cn- -v - tIm-´-bw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pn- o-Xn- n-tj-[n-°s∏-´- H-cm-bn-cw- - Xym-Kcm-Ps-bm-W-v A-tz-jW- - - - nK-a߃ - - -bv-°p-ti-jw- `-£-Ww- I-gn- °m≥- sa-kv- lm-fn-se-Øn-bn-cp- In¬- sh-≈w- n-d-®- Ip-∏n- Xm- sg- ho-W- n-ebn-epw- kn-ÿ- A- - te-°v- ar-XtZ-lw- sIm-≠p-t]m- b-t∏mƒ- C≥-Iz-Ãv- dn-t∏m¿-t´m- - ]-tc-Xm-flm-°fp-sS- I-Æo-cn¬- Ip- Xn¿-∂Xm-W-v tI-cfm- t]m-eo-kn- - - - ]p-tcm-KXn- [-cn-∏n-®Xv.- kn.-_n.- - sF-bp-sS- -S]Sn-{I-aap-kcn-®-v - - - - - - sI´p-IYbpw - ∂p.- ]n-∂o-S-v 10.-30 h-sc- ap-dn-bn¬- hm-bn-®p- sIm-≠n-cp-∂p.- In-S°p- - `-bbp-sS- πm-Ãn-Iv- sN-cn-∏p-Iƒ- - n-eØ-v A-I∂-v c-≠p- h-iØm- - - - A-`b- [-cn-®n-cp-∂- h-k{v- X-ßtfm- - A-KÃn≥- A-b®n-´n-√m-bn-cp-∂p.- - - - s‚- Io¿-Øn-sb-∂-v A-`bt°-k-v A-tz-jWw- hy-‡am-°n.- - - - - Xym-Kcm-P≥- A-tz-jW- ]p-tcm- - K-Xn- hn-ebn-cp-Øn-s°m-≠p-≈- - - ∂-Xn-p- ap≥-]-v ]n-t‰- Zn-hkw- cm- - bpw- in-tcm-hk{Xw- h¿-°-v G-cn- - -v C-Xp-aq-ew- t]m-eo-kk¿-Pv- C- v- - kn.-_n.-sF- Un-ssh.-Fkv.- - dn-t∏m¿-´v- kn.-_n.-sF- yq-U¬- DuXn-s∏-cp-∏n-®Xpw. - hn-se- m-ep- a-Wn-°p- hn-fn-®p- W¿-ØWsa-∂p- ]-d™n-cp-∂p.- - - - bm- hm-Xn-en-n-Sbn-epw- Im-Ws∏- ´p.- tIm-¨sh-‚ -v h-f∏n-ep-≈- In- - - - - h- ]-cn-tim-[n-°m-p-≈- A-hk- cw- -jSam-bn.- v- - - ]n- A-`bt°-kn-se- ss{Iw-{_m- ©v- n-Kaßsf- J-WUn-°p-∂- - - - - - - -v ln- B-ÿm--sØ- tPm-bn-‚ v- U-bdIS¿-°-v A-bb°p-Ibm-W-v - - -v - -v - m-en-p- Rm≥- hn-fn-®p-W¿-Øp- W-dpw- ]-cn-kchpw- ]-cn-tim-[n-®p.- - - ssa-°n-fn-s‚- Xn-c°Ybv- - - - hn-i-Z-am-b- k-Xy-hm-Mv-aq-ew- ]-Xn-hv.- F-∂m¬- h¿-Ko-kv- ]n.- I-bpw- sN-bv-Xp.- {]-`m-X-Ir-Xy- In-Wdn¬- sXm-gn-em-fn-Isf- D-]- - - °v- h¿-Ko-k-v ]n.- tXm-akn-s‚- Xn- - ssl-t°m-S-Xn-bn¬- O.-P- No.- tXm-a-kn-s‚- tI-kv- U-b-dn- A- ߃-°p-ti-jw- 4.-10˛-v- A-`-b- tbm-Kn-®v- Xn-c-®n¬- -S-Øn.- P- cp-Øm-W-v kw-`hØn-s‚- K-Xn- am- - - 3886/-94,- tPm-tam≥- l¿-Pn-°m-c- Sn-ÿm-am-°n- dn-t∏m¿-´Abb-v - -v - - Xm-gsØ- n-ebn-te-°v- t]m-bn.- - - Uw- I-s≠-Øn.- ]n-∂o-Sv- ^-b¿- ‰n-bX.v - - m-b- tI-kn¬- k-a¿-∏n-®n-cp-∂p.- °p-∂Xn-p- ]-Icw- ss{Iw-{_m- - - '-'- Xm-gsØ- n-ebn-se- A-Sp-°- - - t^m-gkn-s- hn-fn-®p-hcp-Øn- kn- -v - kn.-_n.-sF- A-`-b-t°-kn- A-`bbp-sS- A-Ωbp-sS- Ip- - - - ©n-s‚- n-Kaßfm-W-v hn.- Xym- - - - - f-bn-te-bv-°v- t]m-b- kn-ÿ-A- ÿ- A-`bbp-sS- P-Uw- ]p-dsØ- - - - se- A-tz-j-Ww- G-s‰-Sp-°p- Spw-_-Øn¬- am--kn-I- tcm-Kw- K-cm-P≥- X-s‚- C-S°m-e- dn-t∏m¿- - `-bbp-sS- P-Uam-W-v cm-hn-se- In- - - Sp-Øp.- A-t∏mƒ- k-a-bw- cm-hn- tºmƒ- sIm-®n- bq-Wn-‰n-se- Un- ]m-cºcy-am-bn- D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh- - - ´n¬- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv.- - W-‰n¬- I-s≠-Øn-bX.v - - se- 8.-30 B-bn-cp-∂p.-''- - ssh.-Fk.v ]n- h¿-Ko-k-v ]n.- tXm- - - ∂pw- A-Xn-s‚- ]n≥-Xp-S¿-®°m- - kn-ÿ- A-`-b- sIm-√-s∏- cm-hn-se- A-©n-v- D-d-°-ap- A-KÃn≥- ]n-∂o-S-v tI-k-v A- - a-km-bn-cp-∂p- A-tz-jW- D-tZym- - cn-bm-b- A-`b- B-fllXy- sN- - - - ´- ti-jw- kw-k°m-c- N-Sßp-Iƒ- -v - W¿-∂- Ip-in-n- tPm-en-°m-cm-b- tz-jn-®- kn.-_n.-sF-°p-¬-In- K-ÿ≥.- k-Xy-k‘pw- an-I®- - - - bv-Xp-sh-∂p-am-bn-cp-∂p- ss{Iw- aq-∂p- Zn-hkw- I-gn-™m-Wp-≠m- - A-®m-Ω,- cm-Pn,- t{X-kym-Ω- F- b- sam-gn- A-`bbp-sS- sIm-e]m- - - - Ip-‰m-tz-jIp-am-bn-cp-∂- h¿-Ko- - - {_m-©n-s‚- n-Ka߃.- Iq-Sm- - - - b-X.v - A-`bbp-sS- a-cWw- B-fl- - - - ∂n-h¿- A-Sp-°-f-bn-se-Øn-b- X-IsØ-Xp-S¿-∂p-≈- kw-`h- ]-c- - - kv- ]n.- tXm-ak-v F-k.v sF- tkm- - - sX- A-`-b-bp-sS- ap-Ø-»n- c-≠v- l-Xy-bm-sW-∂v- B-Wbn-´p-]d- - - t∏mƒ- A-kzm-`m-hn-Iam-b- Nn-e- - º-cbn-te-°p- sh-fn-®w- ho-ip-∂p.- - a≥- h-[w,- t]m-f°p-fw- sIm-et°- - - {]m-hiy-hpw- A-Ωbp-sS- k-tlm- - - ™- k-`m-t-Xr-Xzw- i-hkw-kv- - h¿Ko-kv ]n. tXmakv Im-cy-߃- I-≠p.- quot;-quot;-A-Sp-°-f- A-`bt°-kn-se- F-^.v sF.-B¿- - - - kv,- lw-k- h-[w- Xp-S-ßn-b- tI- Z-c≥- H-cp-{]m-hiy-hpw- In-W‰n¬- - - Im-c®Sßn¬- _n-j∏n-s- ]-s¶- - - - - bn¬-n-∂v- ]p-d-tØ-°p-≈- hm- tc-Js∏-Sp-Øn-bX-v A-KÃn-m-bn- - - - k-tz-jWßfn¬- an-Ih-v ]p-e¿- - - - - Nm-Sn- B-fl-l-Xy-°v- {i-an-®n-´p- Sp-∏n-®p.- k-`m-N-cn-{X-Øn¬- B- tcm-jap-W¿-Øp-∂Xp-am-b- A-[n- - - Xn¬- ]p-dØ-v n-∂-v Ip-‰n-bn-´- n- - cp-∂p.- A-KÃn≥- Xp-Scp-∂p-:- - - Øn- kn.-_n.-sF-bp-sS- Io¿-Øn- s≠-∂pw- kq-Nn-∏n-®m-bn-cp-∂p- Zy-am-bn-´m-bn-cn-°pw- B-fllXy- - - Im-c˛tIm-SXn- h¿-K- I-YIƒ- tI- -- - - e-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.- In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn- quot;-quot;In-W‰n¬-n-∂pw- I-ym-k-v - - °v- am-‰p-Iq-´n-b- D-tZym-Kÿm- - - ss{Iw-{_m-©v- n-K-a-w.- A-Xn- sN-bv-X- H-cm-fn-s‚- A-¥y-Iq-Zm- c-fo-b- a-km-£n-°p- Iq-Sp-X¬- - te-°t]m-Ip-∂Xn-v- ap≥-]m-bn- v- - {Xo-bq-sS- P-Uw- ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø- bn-cp-∂p.- m¬- h¿-Ko-kv- ]n.- tXm-a-kv- C- im- I¿-Ω߃- _n-j∏p- t-cn-´p- - - Nn-¥n-°m≥- A-hkcw- -eIp-I- - - -v D-≈n¬-n-∂pw- hm-Xn¬- Ip-‰n-I- ti-jw- Rm≥- H-cp- t^m-t´m-{Km- C-t∏mƒ- B-e-∏p-g- Pn-√-bn- tX-°p-dn-®v- hn-i-Z-am-bn- A-tz- h-∂-v -SØp-∂X!--v Cu- H-‰°m-c- - - - bpw- sN-øp-∂p.- Du¿-Pkz-eam-b- - - fn-´-v `-{Z-am-°p-Ibm-W-v ]-Xn-h.v - sh- - ^-sd- hn-fn-®p-hcp-Øn.- tIm-´b- - - se- Ir-jW]p-cØ-v Xm-akn-°p- -v - - - jn-®p.- B- I-s≠-Øep-Iƒ- hm- - Ww- a-Xn-bm-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂p- A-`b- - sN-dp-∏Im-eam-Wv- tPm-tam≥- H- - - ≈w- n-d-®- πm-Ãn-Iv- Ip-∏n- ho- sØ- Nm-t°m- h¿-Ko-kv- F-∂- ∂- Cu- an-I-®- Ip-‰m-tz-j-I≥- kvXh- hn-cp-≤am-sW-∂pw- `m-h- - - - bp-sS- a-cWØn¬- Zp-cq-lXbp- - - - - cp- tI-kp-sX-fn-bn-°m≥- am-‰n-h- W-n-ebn¬- {^n-UvPn-cn-In¬- - - - t^m-t´m-{Km-^dm-bn-cp-∂p- P-U- - kn.-_n.-sF-bn¬- Un.-sF.-Pn.-h- -°p-kcn-®v- F-gp-Xn-∏n-Sn-∏n-®- - - s≠-∂-v Xn-cn-®dn-bm≥.- - ®-X.v - H-cp- km-[p- I-ym-k{v- Xo-°p- In-S∂n-cp-∂p.- H-cp- πm-Ãn-Iv- sN- - Øn-‚- t¢m-k-∏v- Nn-{X-߃- F- sc- B-Im≥- km-[y-Xbp-≠m-bn- - Xm-sW-∂pw- I-s≠-Øn.- ]n-dhw- - 1992 am¿-®v- 31˛-v- tIm-´-bw- th-≠n- th-sd- B-cpw- cw-K-Øp- cp-∏-v {^n-UPn-Sp-Øpw- a-dp-Im-en- -v - Sp-ØX.v - Xp-S¿-∂-v C≥-Iz-Ã-v X-bm- - cp-s∂-¶n-epw- k¿-ho-k-v ]q¿-Wam- - tP-°_-v ¢n-n-°n-se- a-tm-tcm- - ss]-ISm-k-v tIm-fPn¬- h-®m-W-v - - h-∂n-√- F-∂-Xp- Iq-Sn- Hm¿-°p- te-X-v ap-‰tØ-°p-≈- hm-Xn-en-- - dm-°n- tIm-´bw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm- - °m-sX- hn-c-an-®p.- kn.-_n.-sF- K-hn-Z-Kv-[-m-b- tUm.- tP-°-_v- A-`bt°-kv- B-Ij≥- Iu-¨- - - v- tºmƒ- k-aq-lØn-s‚- n-e]m- - - Sp-Øpw- In-S-∂n-cp-∂p.- B-cp-sS- f-Pn¬- t]m-Ãtam¿-´Øn--v A-b- -v - sIm-®n- bq-Wn-‰v- t]m-eo-kv- kq- h¿-Ko-km-Wv- C-Xv- kw-_‘n-®- - kn¬- cq-]w-sIm-≈p-∂X.v - A-`b- - - Sp- Iq-Sn- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-∂p.- F-∂p- am- tbm- in-tcm-hk{Xw- A-S®n-´- hm- - -v - ®p.- 187/-92 -º¿- ss{Iw- tIm-´- {]-≠v- Xym-Kcm-Pp-am-bp-≈- A- - - sam-gn- ¬-In-bsX-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- - bp-sS- a-cWØn-se- Zp-cq-lXbp- - - - - {X-a-√- sIm-e-]m-X-Iw- sX-fn-bn- Xn-en-n-S-bn¬- Im-W-s∏-´p.- A- bw- sh-Ã-v s]m-eo-k-v tÃ-jn¬- - `n-{]m-b`n-∂Xbm-W-v Hu-tZym-Kn- - - - ss{Iw-{_m-©v- A-tz-j-W- D- sS- Np-cp-fgn-°p-hm≥- th-≠n-bp- - °-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´- hy-‡n- Sp-°fbn-se- ssI-t°m-Sm-en-bpw- - - ^-b¬- sN-bXp.-''- v- - I- Po-hn-Xw- A-hkm-n-∏n-°m≥- - tZym-K-ÿ≥- hy-‡-am-°n-b-Xv.- ≈- B-Iv-j≥- Iu-¨-kn-en-s‚- sb- sIm-e]m-XIn-sb- F-∂Xp- - - - Im-en- _m-kv-I-‰pw- X-´n-a-dn-™- F.-F-kv.-sF- B-b- hn.-hn.- Un.-ssh.-F-kv.-]n- h¿-Ko-kv- ]n.- A-`bbp-sS- A-Ωbpw- A-Ωm-h- - - - Xo-cp-am--Øn-v- hym-]-I-am-b- t]m-em-W-v I-W°m-°n-bX.v - - - n-e-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.- In-W-dn¬- A-K-Ãn-v- A-Xn-e-∏p-d-sam-∂pw- tXm-a-kn-s- t{]-cn-∏n-®-Xv.- kn.- pw- am-kn-Itcm-KØn--v X-s‚- - - - s]m-Xp-P- ]n≥-¥p-Wbm-W-v Xp- - - quot;-A`b- tI-k-v U-bdn-'˛¬- n- - - - - sh-≈w- tIm-cm≥- D-]tbm-Kn-®n- - Cu- tI-kn¬- sN-øm-p-≠m-bn- _n.-sF.-bn-se- D-∂-X- D-tZym-K- Nn-In-’bn-em-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂-v H-cn- - S-°-Øn¬- e-`n-®-Xv.- B-Iv-j≥- ∂v- Nn-e- `m-K߃.- kn-ÿ- A-`- - cp-∂- C-cp-ºv- _-°‰v- C-cp-ºv- I- - cp-∂n-√.- dn-´b¿-sa-‚n-s‚- h-°n¬- - ÿ¿- ÿ-ew-am-‰w- ¬-Im≥- X- °-epw- ss{Iw-{_m-©n-v- sam-gn- Iu-¨-kn¬- tPm-tam-s- I-¨- b- sIm-√s∏-Sp-∂Xp- ap-Xep-≈- - - - ∏n-tbm-Sv- tN¿-∂v- Xq-ßn- In-S∂n- - F-Øn-bn-cp-∂- A-t±-lw- C-ebv- - bm-dm-bn-´pw- a-- m-£n-sb- hn- ¬-In-bn-´n-s√-∂-v tUm-IS¿- A- -v ho--dm-bn- G-I-Wv-T-am-bn- sX-c- hn-hc߃- ]p-kXIØn-ep-≠.v - - - -v - - cp-∂p.- I-∏n-bp-sS- I-b¿- In-W‰n- - °pw-ap-≈n-pw- tI-Sn-√m-sX- A- ‰v- tPm-en- sN-tø-s≠-∂-v Cu- Ip- tz-jW- D-tZym-Kÿm-b- h¿- - - - s™-Sp-Øp.- th-sdm-cp- sXm-gn-ep- B-fl-l-Xy-sb-∂p- B-Zyw- {]- te-b°-v ho-Wp- In-S∂n-cp-∂p.-''- - sN- -v - tz-jWw- Xp-S¿-∂p.- F-∂m¬- H- - ‰m-tz-jI≥- Xo-cp-am-n-°p-Ibm-- - Ko-kv- ]n.- tXm-a-kn-tm-Sv- ]-d- an-√m-Ø- tPm-tam-v- B-Iv-j≥- Jym-]n-®- kw-`hw- ]n-∂o-Sv- sIm- - cp-∏pw,- in-tcm-hk{v- X-hpw- A-Sp-°- - cp- Ip-‰Ir-Xyw- -S∂m¬- s]m-eo- - - bn-cp-∂p.- ™p.- Iq-Sm-sX- A-`bbp-sS- A- - - Iu-¨kn-en-s‚- {]-h¿-Øß-- - - e-]m-XIhpw- F-∂m¬- {]-Xn-Iƒ- - - f-bn¬-I≠- Ip-in-n- tPm-en-°m¿- - kv- ]m-en-t°-≠- -S]Sn-{I-aß- - - - tI-kn¬- 24 km-£n-I-sf- Ω-tbm- A-Ωm-htm- X-s‚- tcm- - sf- G-tIm-]n-∏n-°p-hm≥- I-gn-bp- B-sc-∂v- A-dn-bn-s√-∂- n-e]m- - A-Sp-°fbp-sS- Np-aXebp-≈- kn- - - - - - sfm-∂pw- X-s∂- ]m-en-®n-√.- A- bm-W-v t-cn¬- I-≠-v h¿-Ko-k-v ]n.- Kn-Ifm-Ip-Itbm- Xm-hsc- Nn-In- - - - - sa-∂- [m-cWWbn-em-W-v B- in- - - - Sn-epw- B-bn-cp-∂p- A-tz-j-W- ÿ- sk-^n-sb- hn-fn-®p-W¿-Øn- Sp-°-f-bn¬- ]n-Sn-h-en- -S-∂-Xn- tXm-akv- sam-gn-sb-Sp-ØXv.- A-`- - - ’n-°p-I-tbm- sN-bv-Xn-´n-s√- c-kn¬- Cu- D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Xzw- kw-L߃- ap-t∂m-´p- t]m-bn-cp- - hn-hcadn-bn-®p.- A-m-Yam-bn- I- - - - - s‚- sX-fn-hp-Iƒ- D-≠m-bn-´pw- b-bp-sS- Zp-cq-lacWw- kw-_‘n- - - - - ∂pw- tUm-Iv-S¿- tP-°-_v- ]-d- G¬-∏n-°s∏-´X.v - - - ∂-Xv.- A-`-b-bp-am-bn- _-‘-s∏- ≠- πm-Ãn-I-v sN-cp-∏-v A-`bbp-tS- - - s]m-eo-kv- m-b-sb- h-cp-Øp-I- ®v- ss{Iw- {_m-©n-s‚- n-K-a-- ™p.- kn-ÿ- A-`bbp-sS- a-cW- - - - quot;-quot;-A-√m-sX- C-Xv- F-s‚- eo- ´- hn-jbßfn-se- tI-kp-Iƒ- h- - - - Xm-sW-∂-v dqw- ta-‰m-b- sj¿-en- Xn- tbm- hn-c-e-S-bm-fw- tc-J-s∏-Sp- ߃- sI-´p-IYbpw- Du-Xn-s∏-cp- - - Øn-p-ti-jw- A-Ω- eo-em-Ωsb- - U¿-jn-∏v- I-gn-hp-Ifp-sS- Aw-Ko- - f-sc- h¿-jßfm-bn- hn-hn-[- tIm- - - cn-®dn-™p.- Xp-S¿-∂-v A-tz-jn-®- - Øp-Itbm- D-≠m-bn-√.- Iq-Sm-sX- - ∏n-®-Xp-am-sW-∂v- h¿-Ko-kv- ]n.- Nn-In-’n-®n-cp-∂p-sh-∂pw- tUm-I-v Im-c-am-bn- B-cpw- A-∂v- [-cn-®n- S-Xn-Ifp-sS- ap-ºm-sI-bm-W.v - - t∏m-gm-Wv- A-`bsb- Im-Wm-n- - - hn-iZam-b- tNm-Zyw- sN-øep-Iƒ- - - - tXm-a-kv- X-s‚- tI-kv- U-b-dn- S¿- hy-‡am-°n.- Iq-Sm-sX- eo-em- - cp-∂n-√.- ]-t£,- o-≠- ]-Xn-m- A-`b- tI-kn-s‚- Xp-S°w- C- - - s√-∂-v a-kn-em-bX.v - - - °pw- t]m-eo-kv- ap-Xn¿-∂n-√.- A- bn¬- A-°an-´v- n-cØn.- A-`b- - - - Ω-bp-sS- Nn-In-’m- dn-t∏m¿-´v- F- dp- h¿-j߃- H-cp- b-⁄w-t]m- - ß-s-bm-Wv.- 1992 am¿-®v- 27.- A- A-`bsb- Im-Wm-Xm-bXn-s-- - - ∂v- tIm-´bw- t]m-eo-k-v kq-{]-≠m- - B-fl-l-Xy- sN-øp-∂-Xn-p-≈- ∂- hym-tP-- tI-k-v U-bdn-bn¬- - se- Cu- k¬-°¿-Ω]cn-]m-Sn- ap- - - s∂m-cp- sh-≈n-bm-gv-N-bm-bn-cp- Xp-S¿-∂-v tIm-¨sh-‚ -v ]-cn-kcw- - - bn-cp-∂- F.- tKm-]n-m-Ypw- A- - {]-[m-- Im-c-W-am-bn- ss{Iw-{ ss{Iw-{_m-©-v tc-Js∏-Sp-Øn-b- - t∂m-´p- sIm-≠p-t]m-Im≥- I-gn- ∂p.- tIm-´-bw- ]-´-W-Øn-se- ]- ap-gp-h≥- A-tz-jn-®p.- tIm-¨sh- - tz-jWØn¬- th-≠{X- Pm-{K- - - - _m-©v- F-kv.-]n- sI.-Sn- ssa- hn-h-c-߃- hym-P-am-sW-∂pw- ™-Xn¬- C-∂v- ]-e-cpw- B-›- b-kv- sS≥-Xv- tIm-¨-sh-‚ n-se- ‚n-te-bpw- tlm-Ãen-te-bpw- A- - X- ]p-e¿-Øn-bn-√.- A-tz-jW- D- - °nƒ- A-tz-jW- dn-t∏m¿-´n¬- - kn.-_n.-sF- I-s≠-Øn.- cyw- {]-ISn-∏n-°p-∂p.- C-Xn-n-sS- - In-W‰n¬- H-cp- I-ym-k{v- Xo-bp-sS- - t¥-hm-kn-Iƒ- F-√m-hcpw- A-tz- - tZym-Kÿ≥-am-sc-√mw- X-s∂- A- - hy-‡am-°n-bn-cp-∂X-v A-`bbp- - - - - h¿-Ko-kv- ]n.- tXm-a-kv- A-`- Rm≥- A-p-`hn-t°-≠n-h∂- Zp- - - P-Uw- In-S-°p-∂p-sh-∂- sR-´n- j-WØn¬- ]-¶p-tN¿-∂p.- cm-hn- - `-bbp-sS- a-cWw- B-fllXy-bm- - - - - sS- A-Ωbp-sS- Ip-Spw-_Øn¬- c- - - b-bp-sS- A-Ωq-Ω-bpw- A-Ωm-h- cn-Xßfn¬- ]-¶p-tN-cm≥- A-[n- - - ∏n-°p-∂- hm¿-Ø-bm-Wv- ]-´-W- se- 6.-30h-sc- A-tz-jn-s®-¶n-epw- °n- am-‰p-∂- Xn-c°n-em-bn-cp-∂p.- - ≠p-t]¿-°v- B-fl-l-Xym- {]-h- pw- B-fllXym-{]-hWX- D-≈- - - - - (Xp-S¿-®- t]-Pv- 3)-
  • 3. sabn≥ kv-t‰m-dn- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 3 Bfl-lXy sIme-]m-X-I-ambn amdn-b-t∏mƒ (t]-Pv- 2 Xp-S¿-®)- Pn-°m-cs‚- {]-hr-Øn-Ifn¬- Iq- - - l¿-Pn-°m-c-s‚- t]-cpw- tPm-en- tbm-fw- h-cp-∂- P-ßsf- _m-[n- - - {¥n-am-cpw- D-∂X- cm-j{So-b- t- - v- ]-£- t-Xm-h,v - C-∂-v ap-Jy-a{¥n- - I-am-cpw- Iq-sS-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√- ´m-fn-Ifm-scm-s°-bm-W.v - 19.- l¿- - bpw- ta¬-hn-em-khpw- h-bkpw- - - °p-∂- hn-jbam-bn- am-dp-sa-∂Xn- - - - Xm-°≥-am-cp-am-bp-≈- _-‘ß- - )- F-s‚-bpw- l¿-Pn- ]-cn-KWn-®p- - F-∂Xm-W-v k-Xyw.-''- tPm-tam≥- - - Pn-°m-c-v km-ºØn-Iklm-bw- - - - - (P--w- 1968 Pq-¨- 15)- F-√m- m-em-W-v Rm≥- D-S≥-Xs∂- ssl- - sf-°p-dn-®v- A-tz-jn-°m≥- ]-d- sIm-≠-v 2004 am¿-®-v ]-Xn-sm-∂n- F-gp-Xp-∂p.- ¬-Ip-∂hcm-scm-s°.- k-lm-bn- - - tIm-SXn- I-Sem-kp-Ifn-epw- tm- - - - t°m-SXn- hn-[n- n-bahn-cp-≤am- - - - - ™n-cp-∂p.- v- ssl-t°m-SXn- No-^-v P-Ãn-k-v - o-Xn-°p- th-≠n- n-esIm- - °p-∂-h-cp-sS- e-£y-sa-¥v-?- 20.- °n-bm¬- Im-Wm-hp-∂tX-bp-≈p.- - sW-∂-v Nq-≠n-°m-´n- kp-{]ow-tIm- Cu- ta-Jebn-se- B-sc-¶n- - - A-Sßp-∂- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v- C- - ≠-Xn-m¬- tPm-tam≥- ]p-Ø≥- hn-hn-[- tIm-S-Xn-I-fn¬- l¿-Pn- A-Xn-m-Wv- k¿-°m¿- J-P-m- S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®Xv.''- - -- ep-am-bn- F-s‚- C-{X-bpw- m-f- S-°m-e- hn-[n- ]-d™n-cp-∂p.- Cu- - ]p-c-bv-°-en-p- t-sc- D-≠m-b- °m-cp-th-≠n- tI-kp-hm-Zn-®h- - - hn¬- C-√m-Ø- ]-Ww- sN-e-hm- {]-tXy-I- A-tz-jW- kw- - sØ- {]-h¿-Ø--]-›m-Ø-ew- hn-[n- n-en¬-s°- ssl-t°m- - {]-Xym-Lm-Xßfp-sS- aq¿-Øo-I-- - cm-scm-s°-?- ^o-k-v F-{X- ¬-In- °n- {]-tXy-I- A-tz-j-W- kw- Lw- cq-]hXIcn-®-v F-s∂-°p-dn- - - -v - ap≥-n¿-Øn- hy-‡n-]cam-bn- _- - - S-Xn- D-Øchp-ew-Ln-®p-sIm-≠v- - - c-Wam-W-v ssl-t°m-SXn- P-UPn- - - -v ?- 21.- s]m-Xp-Pßfn¬-n-∂-v Xp- - - - L-sØ-s°m-≠v- A-tz-jn-∏n- ®v- C-cp-]Øn-aq-∂p- Im-cy-߃- A- - ‘-ap-s≠-¶n¬- C-Xn¬- F-¥m- A-∂sØ- n-bahIp-∏p- sk-{I- - - - - P-Ãn-kv- hn.- cmw-Ip-am¿- tPm-tam- I- k-am-lcn-°p-∂p-t≠m-?- hn-i- - °m≥- {i-an-®-Xv.- hm-Zn-sb- i-cn- tz-jn-°m≥- t]m-eo-tm-Sv- ]-d- Wv- n-bahn-cp-≤am-bn-´p-≈X?-- - - - -v ´-dn- hn.- cmw-Ip-am¿- hn.-]n- tam-l≥- v- F-Xn-cm-b- A-tz-jWØn-v- - - Z-hn-hcw- ¬-IWw.- 22.- hn-tZ-i- - - °pw- tIm-SXn- {]-Xn-bm-°n-!.- - ™-Xn¬- n-b-a-km-[p-X-bn-√m- F-n-°p-th-≠n- lm-Pcm-Ip- - Ip-am-dn-s‚- a-p-jym-hIm-i- I-Ωn- - C-d°n-b- D-Øchv.- `-cWLS- - - - - - - - k-lm-bw- In-´p-∂p-t≠m-?- A-Xn- ssl-t°m-SXn- D-Øchn-s‚- - - - Ø-h-sb- Rm≥- {]-[m--am-bpw- ∂- h-°o-e≥-am¿- n-ehm-can-√m- - - j≥- n-b-a-- Im-em-h-[n- c-≠p- H-cp- ]u-c-v ¬-In-bn-cn-°p-∂- au- - s‚- hn-iZ- hn-hcw- F-s¥m-s°.- - - A-Sn-ÿm-Øn¬- A-tz-jW- - - F-Sp-Øp-]dbm≥- B-{K-ln-°p-I- - - Ø-hcm-sW-∂pw- A-h¿-s°-Xn- - am-kw-Iq-Sn- o-´n-s°m-Sp-°m≥- en-Im-hIm-ißfp-sS- [zw-kØn- - - - - - 23.- l¿-Pn-°m-cv- t-cn-t´m- a-‰m- - a-t[y- A-tz-jW- kw-LØn--v - - bm-W.v - sc- A-tz-j-Ww- -S-Ø-W-sa- 2004 ta-bv- B-dn-v- K-h¿-W¿-°v- v- H-cp- ym-bm-[n-]≥- X-s∂- ap- cp-sS-sb-¶n-epw-t]-cn-tem- _m-¶v- B-sc-¶n-epw- ]-cm-Xn- -eIp-Ibm- -v - F-s‚- hn-Zym-`ym-ktbm-Ky-X- - ∂pw- ]-d™n-cp-∂p.- - tm-´-v ¬-In.- C-Xn-s-Xn-sc- hn.- Xn¿-∂- A-hkc߃- A-]q¿-ham- - - - - A-°u-≠pw- a-‰p- k-ºm-Zy-hpw- D- sW-¶n¬- B- ]-cm-Xn-bn¬- I-g- F-¥m-sW-∂p- tNm-Zn-®n-cp-∂p.- Cu- tI-kn¬- F-n-°p-th- cmw- I p- a m- d n- s - {]- X n- b m- ° n- bn-cn-°pw.- ap≥-ssh-cm-Kyw- h-®-v P- t≠m-?- D-s≠-¶n¬- A-sX-hn-sS- zn-s√-¶n¬- t]m-epw- l¿-Pn-°m- n-b-aw- n¿-Ωn-°p-∂-Xv- n- ≠n- lm-Pcm-bX-v ssl-t°m-SXn- - - - Rm≥- ssl-t°m-SXn-bn¬- 2004 - UvPn- cmw-Ip-am¿- tPm-tam--v F-Xn- - n-∂p-In-´n.- c-s- {]-Xn-bm-°n- tI-k-v c-Pn-ÿ- b-ak`bn-epw- ]m¿-esa-‚ n-ep-am- - - - - bn-se- ko-n-b¿- A-`n-`m-jI≥- - Pq-sse- c-≠n--v tIm-SXn-be£y- - - - sc- A-tz-jn-°p-hm≥- D-Øchn- - - C-{X-bpw- _m-en-iam-b- Im-cy- - sN-bvXp- th-Ww- A-tz-jn-t°- - Wv.- A-Xn-s‚- A-Sn-ÿm-Øn¬- - sI.- cm-aIp-am-dm-W.v - F-∂n-´pw- tIm- - l¿-Pn- ¬-In.- tIm-SXn-be£y- - - - ´n-´p-≈- C-߃- {i-≤n-°p-I.- - ߃- n-cØn- P-UPn- cmw-Ip-am¿- - -v ≠-sX-∂-v P-Ãn-k-v hn.-cmw-Ip-am-dn- n-ba- hym-Jym-w- -SØm-t- H- - - S-Xn- C-ß-s- ]-d-™-Xv- F-¥n- l¿-Pn- n-en¬-s°- ssl-t°m- - 1.- hn-Zym-`ym-k-tbm-Ky-X.- 2.- A-tz-jWØn-v- D-Øchn-´Xv- - - - - - s‚- D-Øchn¬- ]-d™n-cp-∂p.- ]- - - - cp- P-UvPn-°p- I-gn-bq- F-∂m-Wv- - m-sW-∂p- a--kn-em-Ip-∂n-√.- S-Xn- P-UPn-am-cp-sS- ]m-en¬- n- -v - Ip-Spw-_- ]-›m-Ø-ew.- 3.- a-p- a-∏q¿-hw- A-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂-v tPm- - cm-Xn-bn¬- I-gºp-s≠-¶n¬- am-{X- - F-s‚- ]-cn-an-Xam-b- A-dn-h.v - H-cp- - sIm-Spw- {Iq-cIr-Xyw- sN-bX- {]- - -v b-ahIp-∏p- sk-{I-´dn- hn.- cmw-Ip- - - - jym-hIm-i{]-h¿-ØIm-Im-p- - - - - tam≥- hn-iZo-Icn-°p-∂p.- quot;-quot;ssl- - - - ta- tI-kv- c-Pn-ÿ- sN-øm-hq- F- a-p-jym-hIm-i- {]-h¿-ØItm- - - - Xn-Iƒ-°p-t]m-epw- A-`n-`m-jI≥- - am-dn-s- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv- sX- - ≈- Kp-Wßfpw- I-gn-hpw- D-t≠m- - - t°m-S-Xn- D-Ø-c-hn-s- tNm-Zyw- ∂- n-baw- a-dn-IS∂m-bn-cp-∂p- D- - - - s]m-Xp- hy-hlm-cw- -SØp-∂- hy- - - C-s√-¶n¬- tIm-S-Xn- X-s∂- A- ‰m-b- Io-ghg°am-sW-∂p- Nq-≠n- -v - - - ?- 4.- l¿-Pn-°m-cs‚- t]-cn-ep-≈-- sN-bXv- kp-{]ow- tIm-SXn-bn-se- v- - Ø-c-hv.- Cu- D-Ø-c-hn-s‚- a-d- ‡n-t°m- an-n-aw- hn-Zym-`ym-k- `n-`m-jIs- h-®p- sIm-Sp-°m-p- - - °m-´n- 2004 Pq-sse- ]-Xn-aq-∂n-v- Øp-hm≥- F-n-°v- n-hr-Øn-bn- hn¬- hy-‡n- hn-tcm-[-ap-≈-h¿- tbm-Ky-X- C≥-Uy-bn¬- C-Xp-hsc- - ≈- n-ba- hy-hÿbp-≈t∏mƒ- - - - - Rm≥- cm-j{S-]Xn- Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp- v- - √m-sb-∂v- Cu- ym-bm-[n-]≥- I- °v- tPm-tam--v F-Xn-tc- I-≈t°- - n-›bn-®n-´n-√.- am-{X-a√- C≥-Uy- - - F-n-°-v A-Xn-p-t]m-epw- A¿-l- ≈-h¿-°-v cmw-Ip-am-dn-s-Xn-sc- ]- tImS-Xn-bpsS cp-Xn-bn-cn-°-Ww.- `-c-W-L-S-,- kv- sIm-Sp-°m-p-≈- H-cp- th-Zn- bn¬- {]-[m-a{¥n-bpw- cm-j{S-]- - - -v X-bn-s√-∂m-tWm- tIm-SXn- D-t±y- - cm-Xn-bpw- ¬-In.- tIm-SXn-b°v- A-p-hZn-®n-cn-°p- - v- - sbm-cp-°em-bn-cp-∂p- A-X.v - Cu- - Xn-bpw- B-Ip-∂Xn-p-t]m-epw- an- - in-°p-∂X?- - -v C-Ø-c-Øn¬- ]-cm-Xn- ¬- ]cn-KWbn¬ - - - ∂- A-[n-Im-c- ko-aIsf- Im-‰n¬- ]-d-Øn- H-cp- ym-bm-[n-]≥,- hm- - - k-µ¿-`w- ap-Xem-°n- H-cp- t]m-eo- kv- sF.-Pn- A-Ωsb-s°m-≠v- X- - - n-aw- hn-Zym-`ym-k- tbm-Ky-X- n- jvI¿-jn-®n-´n-√.- F-s‚- hn-Zym-`ym- - I-gn-™- ]-Xn-m-dp- h¿-j- °m-ew- A-`-b-t°-kv- sX-fn-bn- In-b- H-cm-fp-sS- tI-k-v P-Ãn-k-v hn.- cmw-Ip-am¿- tIƒ-°m≥- ]m-Sn-√m- bn¬- tXm-∂n-b-Xv- tIm-X-bv-°v- cw-Xm-W- H-cp- ]-cm-Xn- tPm-tam-v- kw- sh-dpw- B-dmw-¢m-k-v am-{X-ta- °p-∂-Xn-v- F-s∂- B-scm-s°- bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂-v Rm≥- H-cp- yq-k-v C√m-Ø ]m-s´-∂-t]m-se,- s]m-Xp-{]-h¿- F-Xn-tc- sIm-Sp-∏n-°p-Ibpw- sN- - bp-≈q-sh-∂pw- Rm≥- X-s∂- sIm- k-lm-bn-°p-∂p-≠v?- A-h¿- B- - Nm--en¬- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp- Ø-w- Ip-‰Icam-sW-∂- [m-cW- - - - - bvXp-sh-∂v- ]p-kvXIØn¬- F- - - - - Sp-Ø- tIm-SXn- tc-JIfn-epw- a-s‰- - - - scm-s°-bm-Wv?- C-Xn-p-≈- km- - ∂p.- tPm-k^v- ]p-en-°p-t∂¬,- - hnj-bØn-emWv - bn¬- B-tcm-]W߃- n-cØn- hy-‡n-ssh-cm-Kyw- Xo¿-°p-hm≥- - - - Sp-Øp-Im-´p-∂p.- 2008 Hm-KÃ-v 28.- Po-hn-XØn- - - √m- tc-JIfn-epw- hy-‡am-bn-cn- s°- ]n-s∂-sbm-cp- A-tz-jW- - - - - º-Øn-Iw- F-hn-sS- n-∂m-W?- H-cp- sIm-e-t°-kv- sX-fn-bn- v- C-tX- ]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-Øn- cp-∂p.- quot;-quot;tPm-tam≥- ]p-Ø≥- ]p-c- - tIm-SXn- kw-hn-[m-sØ- n-jv- - - ep-≠m-b- G-‰hpw- h-en-b- sh-√p- - Øn-s‚- B-hiy-sa-¥?- - -v °m≥- th-≠n- {]-h¿-Øn-®p- h-cp- bv°¬- C-√m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬- A- - kzta-[bm Tq-cam-bn- Zp-cp-]tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øp- - - - hn-fn- A-Xn-Po-hn-t°-≠- Zn-h-k- H-cp- Fw.-F¬.-F.-bp-sS- an-n- ∂- F-s∂- G-sXm-cp- ]u-cpw- n- - `-bt°-k-v Cu- n-ebn¬- F-Øn- - - ∂-Xn-s- {]-Xn-tcm-[n-°p-hm-p-X- am-bn-cp-∂p.- A-s∂-∂-v tPm-tam≥- aw- hn-Zym-`ym-k-tbm-Ky-X- t]m- b-a{]-Im-cw- k-lm-bn-°m≥- A- - √m-bn-cp-s∂-∂pw- ]-Ww- D-≠m-°- kpZo¿L-amb hn[n Ip-∂- hy-‡-am-b- n-b-a-߃- C≥-Uy-bn¬- n-ehn-en-s√-∂Xm- - - Hm¿-Ωn-°p-∂p.- quot;-quot;Hcp- hm-Zn-sb- {]- Xn-bm-°n-s°m-≠v- Po-h-tm-sS- - - epw- n-›bn-®n-´n-√m-Ø- km-l- N-cy-Øn¬- F-s‚- hn-Zym-`ym-k- - h-Im-i-ap-≠v.- a-dn-®v- H-cp- sIm-e- t°-kv- H-Xp-°m≥-th-≠n- Iq-´p- W-sa-∂-v B-{K-lap-≠m-bn-cp-s∂- ¶n¬- tPm-tam--v A-`bt°-k-v H- - - - Wv- k-Xyw.- hy-‡n-lXy-bn¬-n- - Ip-gn-®n-´- Zn-hkam-bn-cp-∂p- A-∂.v - - - tbm-Ky-X- t]m-eo-kn-s-s°m-≠-v n¬-°p-∂-h¿-s°-Xn-sc-bm-Wv- Xp-°n-Øo¿-°m≥- I-gn-bp-am-bn-cp- ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®Xv. - ∂pw- c-£s∏-Sp-hm≥- Hm-Sn- U¬- ln-bn-se-Øn-b- F-n-°v- k-lm- - B- I¿-Ωw- n¿-hln-®X-v tI-cf- ssl-t°m-SXn-bn-se- o-Xn- n¿- - - - - A-tz-jn-∏n-®p- I-s≠-Øm≥- X- °- Im-cWw- F-¥m-sW-∂-v D-Ø- - A-tz-jWw- th-≠X.v - - F-s‚- t]-cn-ep-≈- B-dp- sk- - ∂p-sh-∂pw-''- s{]m-^.- tPm-k^-v ]p-en-°p-t∂¬- ]-d™p.- quot;-quot;tIm-S- - - - - b- l-kX߃- ]-e- Zn-°p-Ifn¬- -v - - h-lWw- -SØn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p- - - c-hn-´- P-Ãn-kv- cmw-Ip-am-dn-p- am- ‚ -v ÿ-ew- Dƒ-s∏-sS- ]-Wbs∏- - - Xn-°p- ap≥-]n-ep-≈- tI-kn-s-°p- n-∂pw- F-Øn.- s]-s´-∂m-W-v kp- ∂- ym-bm-[n-]≥- P-Ãn-kv- hn.- {X-ta- A-dn-bm-hq-!- Sp-Øn- e-£°W°n-p- cq-]- - - - - dn-®m-W-v tIm-SXn- hn-[n- ]-dtb-≠- - - {]ow- tIm-SXn- No-^-v P-Ãn-k-v sI.- - cmw-Ip-am-dpw..- ]-Xn-m-dp- h¿-jam- - Rm≥- G-sX-¶n-ep-sam-cp- cm- jvSs∏-Sp-Øn-bm-W-v Rm≥- tI-k-v -- Xv.- l¿-Pn-°m-cs‚- ]q¿-hNcn-{X- - - - Pn.- _m-eIr-jW≥- A-Sßp-∂- - v- - bn- H-cp- sIm-e-t°-kv- sX-fn-bn- jv{- So-b- ]m¿-´n-bn¬- Aw-Kam-tWm- - -SØp-∂sX-∂-v P-Ãn-k-v cmw-Ip- - - a-√- tIm-SXn-]dtb-≠sX-∂-v hn- - - - - aq-∂w-K- _-©-v P-Ãn-k-v cmw-Ip-am- °m≥-th-≠n- kzm-[o-߃-°p- - F-∂-v t]m-eo-k-v A-tz-jn-®p- I- am-dn-p- ap-∂n-ep-≈- l¿-Pn-bn¬- [n-sb- cq-£am-bn-hn-a¿-in-®p-sIm- - dn-s‚- c-≠v- hn-[n-Ifpw- tÃ- sN- - h-g-ßm-sX- {]-Xn-I-sf- ]n-Sn-°p- s≠-ØWsa-∂-v ]-d™n-cn-°p-∂- - - - X-s∂- ]-I¬- t]m-se- hy-‡am- - ≠v''- ]p-en-°p-t∂¬- A-`n-{]m-b- -- bvXX.v - - - ∂-Xp- h-sc- n-bat]m-cm-´w- -S- - - Xv- F-¥n-p-th-≠n-bm-W?- -v °n-bn-´p-≈Xm-W.v - - s∏-´p.- A-`bbp-sS- A-∏≥- tXm-a- - - Po-hn-Xw- Zp¿-L-S- k-‘n- Øn-sb-∂- Ip-‰am-W-v Rm≥- sN- - cm-jv-{So-b- ]m¿-´n-bn¬- tN- G-sXm-s°- ]-{X-{]-h¿-ØI- - kv- ]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-Øp- bn¬- ]-e-X-h-W- F-Øn-b-t∏m- bv-X-Xv.- F-s‚- l¿-Pn-bn¬- ]-d- cm≥- n-ba]cam-bn- F-n-°-v A- - - - - cp-am-bn-´m-W-v F-n-°p- _-‘sa- - sIm-≠v,- X-s‚-aIƒ- A-`bsb- - - - gpw- a-kn¬- tXm-∂n-bn-´p-≠,v - F- - ™n-´p-≈- H-cp- Im-cy-Øn-p-t]m- h-Im-ian-t√-?- Rm-sm-cp- cm-j{v- So- - ∂v- A-tz-jn-°Ww-?- - sIm-∂X-v tPm-tam≥- ]p-Ø≥-]p- - √m-s]m-Xp-{]-h¿-Øhpw- A-h- - - epw- hy-‡am-b- D-Øcw- ¬-Im- - - b- ]m¿-´n-bn¬- tN¿-∂n-´p-s≠- C-Xn-p-≈- a-dp-]Sn- h-w- sIm- - c-b°em-sW-∂pw,- A-hfp-sS- t]- -v - - km-n-∏n-®-v A-ßp-Zq-sc-sb-hn-sS- sX- tIm-S-Xn-°p- ap-∂n¬- C-√m- ¶n¬-t]m-epw- s]m-Xp-Xm¬-∏cy- - ≈-°m-cm-b- ho-c∏s‚- X-eb°-v - - - - -v cp-]d™-v ]-W∏n-cn-hp- -SØp-∂- - - - - sb-¶n-epw- t]m-bn- Iq-en-∏Wn-sN- - Ø- Im-cy-ßfm-W-v F-s∂-°p-dn- - l¿-Pn- sIm-Sp-°p-∂Xn-v- n-ba- - - tIm-Sn-Iƒ- k¿-°m¿- {]-Jym-]n-®n- h-m-sW-∂pw- A-Xn-cq-£am-bn- - PÃnkv hn.-cmw-Ip-am¿ bvXv- _m-°n-Po-hn-Xw- I-gn-°W- - - ®v- tIm-S-Xn- ]-d-™-Xv.- B- ]-d- X-S-k-an-√m-Ø-Xn-m¬- ]n-s∂- ´pw- ]n-Sn-In-´m-∏p-≈n-bm-bn- H-fn-®n- F-s∂- Ip-‰s∏-Sp-Øn.- - sa-∂.v - A-t∏m-sg-√mw- H-cp- km-[p- ™- Im-cy-ßfm-Is´- H-cp- sX-fn- - - ¥n-m-Wv- sh-dp-sX- t]m-eo-kn- cp-∂- ho-c∏s- Im-Wm≥- ]-{X-{]- - - C-Xn-p-ap≥-]v- F-s∂- G-‰- ÿm-hc- Pw-Ka- kz-Øp-°ƒ- F- - - I-ym-k{Xo-bp-sS- n-klm-b- ap- -v - hp-an-√m-sX-bm-Wv.- C-cp-]Øn-aq- - s-s°m-≠v- A-tz-jn-∏n-°m≥- h¿-ØIm-b- -°o-c≥- tKm-]m- - - hpw- Iq-Sp-X¬- F-Xn¿-Øh¿- t]m- - {X-?- A-Xp- t-Sn-bsX-ßn-s.- 5.- - Jw- a-kn¬- sX-fn-s™-Øpw.- - ∂p- Im-cy-߃- F-s∂-°p-dn-®-v A- tIm-SXn- D-Øchn-´X.v - H-cp- cm-j-v - - - - e≥- t-cn-´v- C-Ss]-´Xp-t]m-se- - - epw- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- hn-[n-h-∂- t-cn-´pw- A-√m-sX-bpw- k-lm-bn- B- Z¿-iam-Wv- o-≠- ]-Xn-m- - - tz-jn-°m≥- ]-dbp-tºmƒ- B- - {So-b- ]m¿-´n-bn-epw- Rm≥- n-e- tXm-∂pw.- G-sXm-cp- ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø- B- Zn-hkw- F-s∂- sam-ss_¬- - °p-Ibpw- D-]tZ-in-°p-Ibpw- sN- - - - dp- h¿-jw- B- I-ym-k{Xo-bp-sS- -v C-cp-]Øn-aq-∂p- Im-cy-ßfpw- hm- - - hn¬- Aw-Ka√.- F-n-s°m-cp- cm- - - I-pw- G-sXm-cp- k-abØpw- F- - - t^m-Wn¬- hn-fn-®n-cp-∂p.- øp-∂hcm-scm-s°.- 6.- k-lm-bn- - - B-flm-hn--v n-Xy-im-¥n- t¿-∂p- Z-Øn-p-th-≠n-bm-sW-¶n¬- t]m- jv{So-b- ]m¿-´n-tbm-Spw- {]-tXy-In- - s∂- _-‘s∏-Sp-∂Xp- X-Sbm≥- n- - - - A-`n-{]m-b-hy-Xym-k-ß-fp- I-fm-bn- k¿-ho-kn-ep-≈tXm- hn- - sIm-≠-v tI-kn-s‚- Xp-ºpw- Xp-cp- epw- A-tz-jn-®p- I-s≠-Øn-bn- ®v- Iq-dn-√- F-∂- h-kXp-X- tIm-S- -v b-aw- C-√.- ≠m-bn-´p-s≠-¶n-epw,- A-h¿-s°- c-an-®-tXm- B-b- t]m-eo-kv- D- ºpw- tX-Sn- F-s∂- ap-t∂m-´-v t]m- ´v- F-¥p- sN-øWsa-∂-v tIm-SXn- - - - Xn- tc-J-I-fn-epw- Rm≥- am-[y-a- C-{]-Im-cw- C-cp-]Øn-aq-∂p- - Xn-tc- Rm≥- tI-kv- sIm-Sp-Øn- tZym-Kÿcp-t≠m-?- 7.- cm-j{So-b- - - -v Im≥- t{]-cn-∏n-®X.v - tI-kn-se- hm- - D-Øchn¬- ]-dbp-∂n-√.- Cu- Im- - - - ߃-°p- ¬-In-bn-´p-≈- C-‚¿- Im-cy-߃- A-tz-jn-°m≥- C≥- ´p-s≠-¶n-epw,- P-Ãn-kv- hn.- cmw- °m-cp-t≠m-?- 8.- am-[y-a- {]-h¿-I- Zn- km-£m¬- ssZ-hw- X-s∂-bm- cy-߃- A-tz-jn-°p-∂X-v F-¥n- - hyq-Ifn-epw- h-∂n-´p-≈Xm-W.v - ]n- - - Uy≥- o-Xn-ym-b- N-cn-{X-Øn¬- Ip-am-dn-s‚- hn-[n- H-cn-°epw- Aw- - cp-t≠m-?- 9.- C-t∏m-g-sØ- a-{¥n- sW-∂p-≈- k-Xyw- F-s∂- Ip-cn- p- th-≠n-bn-´m-W?- B¿-°p- th- -v s∂- F-¥m-W-v H-cp- A-tz-jW- - P-Ãn-kv- hn.- cmw-Ip-am-d√m-sX- a- - Ko-Icn-°m-m-In-√- F-∂pw- H-cp- - am-tcm,- ap≥-a{¥n-am-tcm- B-bn- _- - in-te-‰m≥- I-®sI-´n-bn-dßn-bn-cn- - - ≠n-bm-Wv-?- A-tz-jn-®-ti-jw- Øn-s‚- B-hiyw-?- - s‰m-cp- P-UPn-bpw- C-Xp-t]m-sem- -v hy-‡n-bp-sS- au-en-Im-h-Im-i- ‘-ap-t≠m-?- 10.- k¿-ho-kn-ep-≈- °p-∂- k-`m-t-Xr-Xzw- C-n-sb-¶n- F-¥p- n-ba- -S]Sn- kzo-Icn-°m- - - - - F-s‚- Ip-Spw-_- ]-›m-Øe- - cp- D-Øchn-Sm≥- Xp-n-™n-´n-√.- - - Øn≥-ta-ep-≈- I-S-∂p-I-b-‰-am- h-tcm- hn-can-®htcm- B-b- ym- - - - epw- Xn-cn-®dn-s™-¶n¬-!''- quot;-ssZ- - -- m-W?- F-∂sXm-∂pw- tIm-SXn- - - - sØ-°p-dn-®-v A-tz-jn-°m≥- ]- P-Ãn-kv- hn.- cmw-Ip-am-dn-v- C-n- sW-∂pw- ]-d™-v F-s∂- B-iz- - bm-[n-]≥-am-cp-am-bn- _-‘-tam- h-Øn-s‚- kz-¥w- h-°o¬-'- F-∂- hn-[n-bn¬- hy-‡am-°p-∂n-√.- - d-™Xn¬- I-Ybn-√.- Rm≥- H-cp- - - sbm-c-h-k-cw- In-´n-bm¬- th-sd- kn-∏n-®p.- Cu- A-p-`hw- F-s‚- - kzm-[o-tam- D-t≠m-?- 11.- G-sX- - A-[ym-bØn¬- tPm-tam≥- kz- - Cu- C-cp-]-Øn-aq-∂v- Im-cy- D-∂XIp-e- Pm-Xn-bn¬- ]n-d∂h- - - - - Nn-e- Im-cy-߃-Iq-Sn- A-tz-j- Po-hn-X-Øn-se- G-‰-hpw-h-en-b- ¶n-epw- cm-jv-{So-b-∏m¿-´n-tbm-Sv- bw- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.- ߃- A-tz-jn-°p-Isb-∂X-v H- - - pw- H-cp- sF.-F.-Fk.v Im-cs‚- a- - - - W-Øn--v hn-Sm-m-Ipw.- quot;-quot;Rm≥- a- - ]m-Tam-bn- am-dn.- Rm≥- B¿-°p- - Nm-bh-v D-t≠m-?- 12.- G-sX-¶n-epw- -v tImSXn-bp-sS- ]-cn-KW- - - - - cp- hy-‡n-bp-sS- au-en-Im-hIm-i- - I-m-sW-∂pw- Rm-s-ßpw- ]-d- Zy-]m-n-bm-tWm-?- ]p-Ihen-°m- - - th-≠n- n-e-sIm-t≠m- A-h¿- hy-‡n-Iƒ-t°m- ÿm-]߃- - - bn¬- C-√m-Ø,- F-Xn¿- I-£n-Iƒ- ß-fn¬- ta¬- D-≈- tIm-S-Xn-bp- ™n-´n-√.- a-dn-®v- Rm-sm-cp- Z-cn- dp-t≠m-?- kv-{Xo-e-º-S-m-tWm-?- n¿-Wm-b-I-L-´-Øn¬- F-s∂- t°m- F-Xn-tc- l¿-Pn-°m-c≥- {]- B-hiy-s∏-Sm-Ø- hn-jbØn-em- - - - sS- I-S∂p-Ib‰am-W.v - P-Ãn-k-v hn.- - - - - {Z- Ip-Spw-_mw-Kam-sW-∂v- P-Ãn- - m¬-]-Xp- I-gn-™n-´pw- F-¥m- X-≈n-∏d™p.- n-bahn-cp-≤am-b- - - - - - h¿-Øn-®n-´p-t≠m-?- D-s≠-¶n¬- Wv- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- kz-ta-[-bm- cmw-Ip-am¿- ssl-t°m-SXn- P-Uv- - kv- hn.- cmw-Ip-am-dn-p- ap-∂n¬- sIm- W- Rm≥- hn-hm-lw-Ign-°m-Ø- v- - Nn-eS]Sn-Ifp-sS-t]-cn¬- Rm≥- - -- - - F-¥m-WXn-p- Im-cWw-?- 13.- B- - - kp-Zo¿-L-am-b- hn-[n- ]p-d-s∏-Sp- Pn-sb-∂- n-e-bn¬- A-[n-Im-c- Sp-Ø- l¿-Pn-bn¬-Xs∂- hy-‡- - Xv?- Rm≥- {_-“Nm-cn-bm-tWm-?- - - tI-k-v sIm-Sp-Øn-´p-≈- Nn-e¿- F- sc-sb-¶n-epw- `o-jWn-s∏-Sp-Øn- - hn-®Xv.- C-¥y-bn-se- ssl-t°m- - Zp¿-hn-n-tbm-Kw- -S-Øn-s°m- am-°n-bn-´p-≈Xm-W.v - Z-cn-{Z-Ip-Spw- - D-d°Øn¬- Iq¿-°w-hen-°m-dp- - - - s∂- hn-fn-°p-Ibpw- t-cn¬-h∂-v - - bn-´p-t≠m-?- 14.- l¿-Pn-°m-c-s- S-Xn-I-fp-sS- N-cn-{X-Øn¬- C-ß- ≠m-W-v hn-[n- ]-d™n-cn-°p-∂X.v - - - _-Øn¬- P-n-®- H-cmƒ-°v- s]m- t≠m-?- tm-°tW- H-cp- ym-bm- - Im-Wp-Ibpw- F-s‚- Zpx-JØn¬- - - Xn-tc- {In-an-¬- tI-kp-t≠m-?- 15.- sm-∂v- th-sd- Im-Wn-√.- l¿-Pn- Cu- hn-[n- -S-∏n-em-bm¬- tdm- Xp-Xm¬-]cy- l¿-Pn- sIm-Sp-°p- - [n-]-s‚- hn-[n-!- ]-¶p-tN-cp-Ibpw- sN-bXp.- am-[y- - -v l¿-Pn-°m-c≥- C-S-s]-´- G-sX- °m-cs-Xn-tc- t]m-eo-k-v A-tz- - Un¬- h-≠n-bn-Sn-®v- In-S°p-∂- H- - ∂-Xn¬- C≥-Uy-bn-se-hn-sS-sb- PUPn- cmw-Iq-am-dn-p-≈- hn- - -v a-߃- X-s∂-bm-W-v H-cp- hy-‡n- √mw-tI-kp-Ifn¬- kz-¥w-{]-h¿- - j-Ww- {]-Jym-]n-®v- kw-ibØn- - - cm-fn-s- tlm-k]n-‰en¬-FØn- -v - - ¶n-epw- n-ba- X-S ap-t≠m-?- - - - tcm-[w- F-¥n-m-sW-∂pw- quot;-A`- - sb- a-lm≥-am-cpw- tam-i°m-cp-am- - Øn-°-v {]-Nm-cw- ¬-Im≥- {i-aw- s‚- apƒ-ap-bn¬- n¿-Øp-∂- Im- - °p-∂- Bƒ- {]-Xn-bm-Ip-∂- Z-b- Rm≥- G-sX-¶n-epw- {In-an- b- tI-kv- U-bdn-bn-ep-≠v.- - °p-∂-sX-∂- k-Xyw- Xn-cn-®-dn- -SØn-bp-≠.v - 16.- sF.-F¬.-B¿- - cy-Øn¬- tIm-S-Xn- hn-P-bn-®p.- o-bm-hÿbm-bn-cn-°pw- kw-`hn- - - - ¬- tI-kn¬- {]-Xn-bm-tWm- F- quot;-quot;sI.-Fw- am-Wn- n-ba- a-{¥n- - - ™p- sIm-≠p-Xs∂-bm-W-v Rm- - 2005 (4)- tI-c-f- 813 F-∂- Cu- m-´p-Im-cp-sS- ap-∂n¬- sIm-≈cp- - °p-I.- {]-Xn-IcW- ti-jn- -jS- - - -v ∂v- tNm-Zn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.- bm-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ- A-t±-l-Øn- n-Xp- ]-dbp-∂X.v :- - tPm-tam≥- Xp- - - tIm-SXn-bp-sS- hn-[n-bn¬- ]-cm-a¿- - Xm-Øhm-°n- l¿-Pn-°m-cs- - - - s∏-´- Cu- h¿-Øam-- Im-eL´- - - - Rm≥- H-cp-{In-an-¬- tI-kn- s‚- Io-gn¬- n-ba- h-Ip-∏p- sk- - d-∂p- ]-dbp-∂p.- - in-®n-cn-°p-∂- Im-cy-ßfn¬- A- - m-Ww- sI-Sp-Øm-pw- t_m-[- Øn¬- s]m-Xp-Xm¬-∏cy- l¿-Pn- - epw- {]-Xn-b-s√-∂v- P-Ãn-kv- hn.- {I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp-∂- hy-‡n-bm-Wv- Xn-cp-h--¥-]p-cw- C-¥y- √m-sX- th-sd- G-sX-¶n-epw- Im- ]q¿-hw- {i-an-®p.- A-Xn¬- I-hn- bp-am-bn- H-cmƒ- tIm-SXn-bn-se- - cmw-Ip-am-dn-p- sIm-Sp-Ø- l¿-Pn- F-n-°v- F-Xn-sc- hn-[n- ]-d™- - _p-Ikm-W-v quot;-A`b- tI-k-v U-b- -v - - cy-ßfn¬- l¿-Pn-°m-c≥- Dƒ-s∏- - ™- e-£yw- hn-[n-bn¬- n-jv]- - Øp-∂X-v H-´Iw- kq-Nn-°p-gbn-eq- - - - bn-epw- hy-‡am-°n-bn-´p-≠.v - {In- - P-Ãn-kv- hn.- cmw-Ip-am¿.- B- A- dn-'- {]-kn-≤o-Icn-°p-∂X.v - 220 t]- - - ´n-´p-t≠m-?- A-ß-s-bp-s≠- £-aXn-Iƒ- Im-Wp-∂n-√.- t]m-eo- - sS- I-S°p-∂Xp-t]m-se-bm-W.v - A- - - an-¬- tI-kn¬- {]-Xn-bm-b- H- h-kcØn¬- a-p-jym-hIm-i- I- - - - Pv.- hn-e- 120 cq-].- o-Xn- n-tj- ¶n¬- hn-h-c-߃.- 17.- tI-kn¬- kn-s- n-tbm-Kn-®v- l¿-Pn-°m-c- Xn-m¬- Cu- tIm-SXn-hn-[n- tI- - cmƒ-°-v s]m-Xp-Xm¬-]cy- l¿-Pn- - Ωn-js‚- sN-b¿-am-m-bn-cn-°m≥- - [n-°-s∏-´- ]o-Un-X¿-°m-bp-≈- h-°m-esØ-Sp-Øm-epw- A-`n-`m- - s‚- kz-Im-cy- Po-hn-XsØ-°p-dn- - h-ew- tPm-tam≥-]p-Ø≥-]p-cb°- - -v sIm-Sp-°p-∂Xn¬- F-s¥-¶n-epw- - P-Ãn-k-v hn.-]n- tam-l≥-Ip-am-dn--v t]m-cm-´ßfn¬- k-lm-bn-®- tI- - - j-Icn¬-n-∂√m-sX- n-btam-]- - - - ®v- A-tz-jn-°m≥- tIm-SXn-°-v H- - se-∂- H-cp- hy-‡n-s°-Xn-sc- am- n-ba- X-S ap-t≠m-?- - - - tbm-Ky-Xbn-s√-∂v- hn.-Fkv- A- - - c-fo-b- a-- m-£n-°p- ap-ºn-em- tZ-iw- tX-Sn-bn-´p-t≠m-?- 18.- l¿- cp- D-Øchn-s‚- Im-cy-ta-bp-≈p.- - - {X-a√,- C≥-Uy-bn-se- q-dp-tIm-Sn- - F-n-°v- a-{¥n-am-cpw- ap≥- a- Nyp-Xm-µs‚-bpw- (A-∂v- {]-Xn- - - Wv- ]p-kXI- k-a¿-∏Ww.- -v - -
  • 4. 4 km-º-Øn-Iw- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 a-W-∏p-dw- tKmƒ-Uv-tem-¨- I-Ã-ta-gv-kn-v- a-W-∏p-d-Øn-s‚- A-‰m-Zm-b-Øn¬- ^yq-®¿- P--d-en-bp-sS- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- A-cp¨- tPm-kv- j- {]o-an-bØn¬- 150 ap-X¬- 400 - b-s∏-´p.- ^yq-®¿- P-den-bp-sS- - - Øn¬- e-£y-an-Sp-∂-sX-∂pw- - - 86%- h¿-[-- aW∏p-dw- P-d¬- ^n-m≥-kv- B≥-Uv- eo-knw-Kv- en-an- - h-sc- i-Xam-w- Iq-´n-t®¿-°¬- D- - 97 {_m-©p-Iƒ- C-¥y-bn¬- 80 ssh-Im-sX- {]-h¿-Øw- Iq-Sp- - ‰-Un-v- 2008 Un-kw-_¿- 31˛-v- A-hkm-n-®- -S∏p- km-º-- - Xr-iq¿- tI-{µ-am-bn- {]-h¿- d-∏p-¬-Ip-∂- ]-≤Xn-bp-sS- I-S- - - -Kcßfn-em-bn- C-t∏mƒ- {]-h¿- - - - X¬- hn-]p-eam-°m-m-hp-sa-∂m-W-v- Øn-I- h¿-jØn-s‚- aq-∂mw-]m-ZØn¬- A-‰m-Zm-bØn¬- 86 - - - Øn-°p-∂- a-W∏p-dw- P-d¬- ^n- em-kv- tPm-en-Iƒ- Xn-I-®pw- B- - - Øn-®p-h-cp-∂p.- F-∂m¬- 2009 {]-Xo-£sb-∂pw- kq-Z-v ]-d™p.- - - i-Xam-w- h-f¿-®.- I-gn-™- km-ºØn-I- h¿-jw- C-tX- Im- - - m≥-kv- B≥-Uv- eo-knw-Kv- en-an- D-]tbm-‡m-°fp-sS- t£-a- - - e-b-f-hn¬- t-Sn-b- 4.-72 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- A-‰m-Zm-bw- -S- ‰-Un-s‚- tKmƒ-Utem-¨- I-Ãta- -v - Øn¬- I-º-n- F-∂pw- ]p-e¿- ∏p-h¿-jw- 8.-75 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn- h¿-[n-®Xm-bn- I-ºn- sN- - - - gvkn-v- C-¥y-bn-se- ^yq-®¿- {Kq- - Øn-bn-´p-≈- Xm-ev-]-cy-Øn-s‚- b¿-am-pw- am-t-Pnw-Kv- U-b-d-Iv-S-dp-am-b- hn.-]n- -µ-Ip-am¿- ∏n-s‚-bpw- C-‰en-bn-se- P-den- - - - G-‰hpw- ]p-Xn-b- sX-fn-hm-Wv- ]p- - A-dn-bn-®p.- {Kq-∏n-s‚-bpw- kw-bp-‡- C≥-jp- Xn-b- kw-cw-`sa-∂v- a-W∏p-dw- P- - - I-ºn-bp-sS- {]-h¿-ØØn¬- n-∂p-≈- sam-Øw- h- - - - d≥-kv- kw-cw-`-am-b- quot;-^yq-®¿- P- -d¬- ^n-m≥-kv- B≥-Uv- eo- cp-am-w- C-tX- Im-e-b-f-hn¬- 21.-45 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bn¬- n-∂v- -den-'- H-cp- k-hn-ti-jam-b- C≥- - - knw-Kv- en-an-‰Uv- sN-b¿-am≥- hn.-- 44.-33 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn- D-b¿-∂p.- n-Ip-Xn-°v- ap-ºp-≈- em- - jp-d≥-kv- ]-≤-Xn- -S-∏n-em-°p- ]n.- -µ-Ip-am¿- ]-d-™p.- G-Xp- `w- Cu- h¿-jw- aq-∂mw- ]m-ZØn¬- 12.-96 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-Wv.- - - ∂p.- H-cp- tKmƒ-Uv-tem-¨- D-]- _n-kn-kv- cw-KØpw- dn-kvIv- H- - - - I-gn-™- km-ºØn-I- h¿-jw- C-tX- Im-ebfhn¬- C-Xv- 7.- - - - - tbm-‡m-hn-v- 22,-222 cq-]-bp-sS- gn-hm-°m-m-hn-s√-∂-Xn-m¬- 19 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn-cp-∂p.- I-ºn-bp-sS- sam-Øw- B-kXn- - - v- sse-^-v I-hdpw- 50,-000 cq-]bp-sS- - - Cu- D-Zy-aØn--v {]-k‡n-tb-sd- - - C-tX- Im-ebfhn¬- 437 tIm-Sn-bn¬- n-∂v- 84 i-Xam-w- h- - - - - A-]IS- C≥-jp-d≥-k-v I-hdp-am- - - - bm-sW-∂v- I-º-n- am-t-Pnw-Kv- f¿-®tbm-sS- 806 tIm-Sn-bm-bn- h¿-[n-®p.- - Wv- Cu- ]-≤Xn-bn-eq-sS- e-`y-am- - U-bdIS¿- sF.- D-Æn-Ir-jW≥- - - -v -v dn-k¿-hv- _m-¶v- Hm-^v- C-¥y-bn¬- c-Pn-ÿ- sN-bv-Xn-´p- °p-∂X.v - - A-`n-{]m-bs∏-´p.- - ≈- C-¥y-bn-se- {]-ap-J- _m-¶nw-K-v C-Xc- [-Im-cy- ÿm-]- - - In-tjm¿- _n-bm-n- ÿm-]n- - -am-Wv- a-W-∏p-dw- P--d¬- ^n-m≥-kv- B≥-Uv- eo-knw-Kv- a-W∏p-dw- tK-mƒ-Uvtem¨- I-kv‰ta-gvkn-v- ^yq-®¿- P-den- C≥- - - - - - - - ®- ^yq-®¿- {Kq-∏v- C-∂v- C-¥y-bn- en-an-‰-Uv.- n-e-hn¬- C-¥y-bn¬- I-º-n-°v- 460 im-J-I-fp- jz-d≥-kv- -S-∏m-°p-∂- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- ]-≤-Xn-bp-sS- D-Zv-Lm-S-w- se- hn-hn-[- ta-J-e-I-fn¬- km- ≠v.- aq-∂mw- ]m-ZØn¬- I-ºn- 737 tIm-Sn- cq-]bp-sS- kz¿- - - - Hm-tcm- hy-‡n-Ifp-tS-bpw- B- - - a-W-∏p-dw- P--d¬- ^n-m≥-kv- B≥-Uv- eo-knw-Kv- I-º-n- sN-b¿- ∂n-[y-adn-bn-®n-´p-≈- ap≥-n-c- hy- - W- ]-Wb- hm-b]- hn-XcWw- sN-bXp.- A-Sp-Ø- B-dp- am- - v- - - v- h-iy-߃-°n-Wßp-∂- ]-≤Xn- - - am≥- hn.-]n.-µIp-am-dpw- ^yq-®¿- P-den- C-¥ym- sse-^v- C≥-jp- - - - - h-km-b- kw-c`Icm-W.v - {Kq-∏n-s‚- - - - k-Øn-p-≈n¬- hn-hn-[- _m-¶p-I-fn¬- n-∂m-bn- 800 tIm- Iƒ- e-`y-am-°p-tºm-gm-W-v km-[m- d≥-kv- I-ºn- kn-CH- P-b¥v- tJ-mkvebpw- tN¿-∂v- n¿-hln-°p- - - - - - - - {]-[m-- kw-cw-`am-b- ]m-‚eq-¨- - - Sn- cq-]bp-sS- hm-bv]m-e`y-X- D-d∏p-hcp-Øm≥- I-ºn- D-t±- - - - - - - c-W°m-cp-sS- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- B- - ∂p.- ^yq-®¿- P-den- sse-^v- C-≥jz-d≥kv- tIm¿-]td-‰v- sk-bn¬- - - - - - do-s´-bv-en-v- C-¥y-bn-se- 63 - in-°p-∂Xm-bn- am-t-Pnw-K-v U-bdIS¿- sF.-DÆn-Ir-jW≥- - - - -v - -v h-iy-߬- ]q¿-Wam-btXm-Xn¬- - - kv- ssh-kv- {]-kn-U‚ v- k-µo-]v- Iuƒ- k-ao-]w.- K-c-ß-fn-epw- A-{X-tØm-fw- X- A-dn-bn-®p.- C-Xn¬- 250 tIm-Sn-tbm-fw- cq-]bv°v- A-p-aXn- - - - k-^-eo-I-cn-°p-s∏-Sp-∂-sX-∂v- s∂- {Km-ao-W- tI-{µ-ßfn-epw- hn- - e-`n-®p- I-gn-™p.- ^yq-®¿- P--d-en- C-¥ym- sse- bm-kcln-Xam-sW-∂pw- P-b¥v- - - - - am¿-t®m-sS- {_m-©p-Ifp-sS- F- - ev]im-eIfp-≠v.- Nn-√d- hn-ev- - - - - - - ^v- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- I-ºn- en-an-‰- - ]-d™p.- h-fsc- Np-cp-ßn-b- sN- - - Æw- 100 B-bn- h¿-≤n-∏n-°pw.- Cu- ]-cw-KØv- X-cw-Kw- kr-jSn-®n- - - v- Un-s‚- No-^-v F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-h-v Hm- -v e-hn¬- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- ]-cn-c-£- c-≠-v ]-≤Xn-Ifn-eq-sS- a-W∏p-dw- - - - ´p-≈- _n-K_km-dpw- Cu- {Kq-∏n- -v - I-º-n-I-fn-sem-∂m-b- P--d-en- fn¬- an-hpw- ]m-cºcy-hp-ap-≈- c- - - ^o-kdm-b- P-b¥v- tJm-ke- Nq- - - v- B-hiy-ap-≈- h-en-sbm-cp- hn-`m- - tKmƒ-U-v tem-¨- I-Ãa¿-am¿-°-v - s‚-Xm-Wv.- 1831˛¬- C-‰-en-bn¬- °v- A-©p-tIm-Sn-tbm-fw- C-S]m- - ≠v- I-ºn-Ifp-sS- kw-bp-‡- kw- - - ≠n-°m-´n.- a-W∏p-dØn--v km-∂n- - - Kw- P--߃- k-aq-l-Øn¬- D- A-Sn-ÿm-- C≥-jp-d≥-k-v ]-cn-c- ÿm-]n-Xam-b- P-den- {Kq-∏n-v- - - - Sp-Im-cm-Wv- tem-Isa-ºm-Sp-am-bn- - cw-`-sa-∂- n-e-bn¬- ^yq-®¿- P- [y-ap-≈- cm-Py-sØ- 400 Hm-fw- tI- s≠-∂-v ^yq-®¿- P-den- C-¥ym- - - £-bm-W-v e-`n-°p-∂X.v - a-W∏p-dw- - - C-∂-v 40 Hm-fw- cm-Py-ßfn¬- km- - D-≈X.v - 80555 Po-h°m¿- ÿm- - - - -den-bpw- C≥-jp-d≥-k-v cw-KØ-v - - {µ-ßfn-em-bn-cn-°pw- ]p-Xn-b- ]- - C≥-jp-d≥-kv- I-º-n- en-an-‰-Uv- tKmƒ-Utem-¨- I-Ãa¿-am-cn¬- 30 -v - ∂n-[y-ap-≠v.- bq-tdm-∏n-se- G-‰- ]-Øn¬- tPm-en-sN-øp-∂p.- C- - C-Xn--Iw- X-s∂- k-hn-ti-j- ≤-Xn-Iƒ- e-`y-am-°p-I.- B-Zy-h¿- kn-C-H- Zo-]-Iv- kq-Zpw- A-`n-{]m- i-Xam-w- t]-sc-bm-Wv- Xp-S°- - - hpw- h-en-b- aq-∂v- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- Ø-cØn¬- X-ßfp-sS- ta-JeI- - - - - ÿm-w- kz-¥am-°n-bn-´p-≠v.- - F-®v-F-kv-_n-kn-bp-sS- A-ta-cn-°-bn-se- C-¥y-°m¿-°m-bn- _m-¶nw-Kv- in¬-]-im-e- _m-¶nw-Knw-s‚- A-Sn-ÿm- - X-Xz-ßsf- Ip-dn-®-v Ip-´n-Iƒ-°-v - A-ht_m-[w- ]-Icp-∂Xn-m-bn- - - - kn-‰n- Hm-¨-sse≥- sd-an-‰v- F-®Fk_n-kn- C-¥y- sIm-®n- v- - v- Ata-cn-°bn-se- tm-¨- sd-kn-U‚ -v C-¥y-°m¿- - - - ‰n- Hm-¨sse≥- sd-an-‰-v B-cw-`n-®sX-∂-v Un-Pn-‰¬- _m- - - ∂p-sh-∂v- D-d∏m-°m-pw- kp-c£n-Xam-bpw- A-Xn-th-K- - - - bn¬- h¿-°v- tjm-∏v- -SØn.- `- - °v- ]-Ww- ssI-am-dp-∂Xn-m-bn- kn-‰n- Hm-¨sse≥- sd- - - ¶nw-Kv- B≥-Uv- t]-bsa-‚ kv- t•m-_¬- sl-Uv- kp-tc- v- v- Øn-epw- ]-Ww- F-Øn-°m-pw- I-gn-bp-∂Xm-Wv- kn-‰n- - h≥-kv- hn-Zym-aµdn-se- 8˛-10 h-b- - - an-‰-v F-∂- t]-cn¬- kn-‰n-_m-¶-v ]p-Xn-b- tk-hw- B-cw- - jv- _m-Pt]-bn- ]-d™p.- v- - Hm-¨sse≥- sd-an-‰v- F-∂v- kn-‰n-bp-sS- t•m-_¬-{Sm≥- - kv- {]m-bap-≈- hn-Zym¿-∞n-Ifm-W-v - - `n-®p.- bp-F-kv- sN-°nw-Kv-/-tk-hnw-Kv-kv- A-°u-≠p-I- F≥.-B¿.-sF- _n-kn-k-v cw-KØ-v kn-‰n-_m-¶n-p-- - km-£≥- k¿-ho-kkv- No-^v- F-Ivkn-Iyq-´o-hv- Hm-^o- - - in¬-]im-ebn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-ØX.v - - - - fn¬-n-t∂m- bp-Fkv- s{I-Un-‰/sU-_n-‰v- Im¿-Uv- D-]- - v- - ≈- ta¬-ss°- i-‡am-°m≥- D-]Icn-°p-∂Xm-W-v kn- - - - - k¿- t]mƒ- Km-e‚ -v ]-d™p.- - - F-®Fk_n-kn- _m-¶-v sIm- -v - -v tbm-Kn-t®m- C-¥y-bn-se- _m-¶-v A-°u-≠n- ‰n- Hm-¨-sse≥- sd-an-‰v.- t•m-_¬- C-¥y- q-‰n-m¬-∏X-v cm-Py-ßfn-em-bn- 65,-000 C-S]m-Sp-Im¿- - - - ®n- am-t-P¿- tI-Zm¿- Sn-]v-n-kv- te-b°-v ]-Ww- ssI-am-dp-∂Xn-tm- {Um-^-v -v - °m-cp-sS- B-hiy-߃- a-kn-em-°n- -S- - - °v- kn-‰n-bp-sS- t•m-_¬- {Sm≥-km-£≥- k¿-ho-k-v tk- in¬-]im-e- bv°-v t-Xr-Xzw- ¬- - - ‰v- sIm-dn-b¿-hgn- A-bb°p-∂Xn-tm- D-≈- - - -v - ∏m-°p-∂- ]-≤Xn- Xp-S°Øn¬- A-ta-cn- - - - h-sa-Øn-°p-∂p-≠v.- Hm-¨sse≥- sF-U‚ n-‰n- th-cn- - - - In.- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v- km-ºØn-I- D- - ku-I-cy-ß-f-S-ßn-b-Xm-Wv- kn-‰n- Hm-¨- °-bn-ep-≈h¿-°p- am-{X-am-bm-W.v - Xp-S¿-∂-v - ^n-t°-j≥,- aƒ-´n- ^m-IS¿- Hm-X‚ n-t°-j≥,- t•m-_¬- -v - Ø-chm-Zn-Xz-sØ- Ip-dn-®-v [m-cW- - - sse≥- sd-an-‰v.- L-´w-L´am-bn- a-ddv- hn-tZ-icm-Py-ßfn-ep- - - - - - sF-]n- {Sm-°nw-K,v - A-°u-≠-v Hm-X‚ n-t°-j≥- Xp-Sßn- - - ]-Icm≥- e-£y-an-´p-≈Xm-bn-cp- - - kn-‰n-bp-sS- t•m-_¬- {Sm≥-km-Ij≥- v- ≈-h¿-°pw- {]-tbm-Ps∏-Sp-Ømw.- - - b- kp-c£m-S]Sn-Ifp-≠v- kn-‰n- Hm-¨sse≥- sd-an-‰n- - - - - - - ∂p- in¬-]im-e.- n-t£-]Øn-- - k¿-ho-kn-p- Io-gn¬- Izn-°v-sd-an-‰v- πm-‰v- I-gn-™- 20 h¿-j-am-bn- C-¥y-bn-se- v.- ]-Ww- ssI-am-dp-∂Xn-s‚- Hm-tcm- L-´Øn-epw- D-]- - - s‚- {]-k-‡n- A-h¿-°v- a--kn- t^mw- D-]tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øn- A-Xym-[p-n-I- km-t¶-Xn-I- - - F≥.-B¿.-sF- _n-kn--kv- cw-K-Øv- kn-‰n-_m-¶v- ap≥- tbm-‡m-hn-v- Hm-¨sse≥- {Sm-°nw-Kv- kw-hn-[m-w- D- - em-°n-sIm-Sp-°m-pw- km-ºØn- - hn-Zy-bp-sS-bpw- Un-Pn-‰¬- _m-¶nw-Kv- ku-Icy-Øn-s‚- - n-cbn-em-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂pw- ]p-Xn-b- Hm-¨sse≥- sd-an- - - ]-tbm-Kn-®v- ]-cn-tim-[n-°mw.- `m-hn-bn¬- Xp-S¿-∂pw- ]- I-am-bn- D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Xzw- ]p-e¿- bpw- ]n-¥p-W-tbm-sS-bm-Wv- Hm-¨-sse≥- sd-an-‰v- -S- ‰v- ku-Icyw- n-ehn-ep-≈- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°p- ]p-d- - - - W-abb°p-∂Xn-v- dn-°dnw-Kv- {Sm≥-^¿- kw-hn-[m-w- - - v- - - tØ-≠Xn-s‚- B-hiy-IX- A- - - - ∏m-°p-∂Xv.- D-]tbm-‡m-hn-v- G-sd- ku-Icy-{]-Zam- - - - - ta- ]p-Xn-b- C-S]m-Sp-Im-sc-bpw- B-I¿-jn-°m≥- I-gn-bp- - D-]tbm-Kn-°mw.- - h¿-°v- a--kn-em-°n-sIm-Sp-°m- b- co-Xn-bn¬- kp-Xm-cy-am-bn- ]-Ww- ssI-am-dp-∂Xn-v- - ∂-Xm-sW-∂v- kn-‰n- C-¥y-bp-sS- t•m-_¬- I-¨-kyq- kn-‰n- _m-¶n-s‚- _r-lØm-b- tk-hØn-s‚- an- - - - pw- D-Nn-X-am-b- th-Zn-bm-Wv- C- C-X-v h-gn-sbm-cp-°p-∂p.- a¿- {Kq-∏v- I-¨{Sn- _n-kn-kv- am-t-P¿- F≥.- cm-Pti- - - - I-®- D-Zm-lcWam-Wv- Hm-¨sse≥- sd-an-‰v- F-∂v- kn-‰n- - - - - Ø-cw- in¬-]im-eIƒ- F-∂pw- - - D-]tbm-‡m-°fp-sS- B-hiy-߃- I-≠dn-™-v ]p- - - - - J-c≥- ]-d™p.- - t•m-_¬- Im¿-Uk-v No-^-v am¿-°‰nw-K-v Hm-^o-k¿- Fw.- -v - tI-Zm¿- Sn-]n-kv- ]-d™p.- v- - Xn-b- tk-h߃- -S∏m-°p-∂Xn-s‚- `m-Kam-bm-W-v kn- - - - - - ]-Wab°p-∂h¿-°-v A-X-v kp-c£n-Xam-bn- F-Øp- - - - - - - hn.- cm-Pa∂m¿- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- - - ku-Øv- C-¥y≥- _m-¶n¬- πm-‰n-w- ku-Øv- C-¥y≥- _m-¶v- C-Xn-lm-k- Xm-c-ß-sf- B-Z-cn-®p- Po- hn-Xw- sIm-≠v- C-Xn-lm-k-am-b- Xm-c- ap-≈- Im-jAhm¿-Upw- tm-¨- F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-h-v -v - -v tk-hnw-Kv-kv- _m-¶v- A-°u-≠v- tk- hØn-s‚- 80 h¿-jw- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°p- - - sa-∂v- _m-¶v- am-t-Pnw-Kv- U-bdŒdpw- No-^v- F- - - - ß-sf- {]-h¿-Ø-w- sIm-≠v- C-Xn-lm-k-am-b- ku-Ø-v C-¥y≥- _m-¶-v B-Zcn-®p.- tk-hØn- s‚- F-¨]Xm-≠-v ]q¿-Øn-bm-bXn-s‚- hm¿-jn- - - - - - - sN-b¿-am≥- Pn.-F- tj-Wm-b-v ^-eIhpw- -eIn.- _m-¶nw-K-v cw-KØ-v {]-iw-ko-bam-b- {]-h¿- - Ø-w- -S-Øp-∂- ku-Øv- C-¥y≥- _m-¶v,- D- - - - - -v ∂- ku-Øv- C-¥y≥- _m-¶v- πm-‰n-w- tk-hnw-Kv- Ivkn-Iyq-´o-hv- Hm-^o-kdp-am-b- tUm.-hn.-F.-tPm- - - Im-tLm-jth-fbn-em-W-v _m-¶nw-K-v cw-KsØ- {]- - - - ∂-Xn-ehm-cw- ]p-e¿-Øp-∂- an-I®- _m-¶m-sW- - - - kv- _m-¶-v A-°u-≠-v F-∂- t]-cn¬- ]p-Xn-b- {]o- k-^-v hy-‡am-°n.- - ap-Jcm-b- ku-Ø-v C-¥y≥- _m-¶,v - `m-cXo-bs‚- - - - ∂v- hm¿-jn-Im-tLm-j- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- D-ZvLm-S- - an-bw- tk-hnw-Kv-kv- _m-¶v- A-°u-≠v- B-cw-`n- F-¨]Xmw- hm¿-jn-ItØm-Sp-_‘n-®v- - - - - - quot;-lr-Z-b-sØ- sXm-´-dn-™-'- tUm.-sI.-Fw- sN- w- sN-bvXv- hn-tm-Zv- dm-bn- ]-d™p.- - - ®p.- tm-¨- d-kn-U‚ -v A-°u-≠-v D-SaIƒ-°pw- - - - _m-¶v- ]p-dØn-d°p-∂- c-≠m-asØ- _m-¶nw-Kv- - - - dn-bm≥,- C-¥y- bp-sS- quot;-an¬-°v-am≥-'- tUm.- h¿- tm-¨- F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-h-v sN-b¿-am≥- Pn.-F.- -v m-´n-se- C-S]m-Sp-Im¿-°pw- ]p-Xn-b- ]-≤Xn-bp- - - D-X]∂am-Wn-X.v - P-p-hcn-bn¬- _m-¶-v ]p-dØn- -v - - - - Ko-kv- Ip-cy≥,- tI-c-f-Øn-s‚- quot;-Zm-Zm-km-ln-_v- tj-Wm-bv- A-[y-£X- h-ln-®p.- _m-¶n-s‚- N- - sS- {]-tbm-Pw- e-`n-°pw.- - d-°n-b- F-ksF-_n- 80 π-kv- F-∂- Im-em-h[n- v- - ^m¬-s°-'- A-Sq¿- tKm-]m-eIr-jW≥,- a-ebm- - -v - cn-{X-hpw- h-f¿-®bpw- Np-cp-°n- {]-Xn-]m-Zn-®- A- - _m-¶n-s‚- aq-ey-h¿-[n-X- tk-hßfm-b- F- - - - n-t£-]]≤Xn-°-v {]-Xo-£bn¬- I-hn-™- {]- - - - - f-Øn-s‚- quot;-Km-K‘¿-h≥-'- tUm.- sI.-sP- tb- - - t±-lw- kz-Im-cy- _m-¶nw-K-v cw-KØ-v an-I®- {]-I- - - n- {_m-©-v _m-¶nw-K,v - C-‚¿-s-‰-v _m-¶nw-K,v - ^- Xn-IcWam-Wv- e-`n-®Xv.- Ip-d™Xv- 50,-000 cq-]- - - - - - - ip-Zm-k,v - bp-FCbn-se- quot;-tI-cf- Aw-_m-kU¿-'- - - - - S-am-W-v _m-¶-v Im-gNhb°p-∂sX-∂pw- hy-‡- - -v - - -v - ≠v- {Sm≥-k^¿,- sam-ss_¬- _m-¶nw-Kv,- F.-Sn.- v- 39 am-ktØ-°v- kzo-Icn-°p-∂- n-t£-]]≤- - - - - Fw.-F.- bq-k^en- F-∂n-hsc- B-Zcn-®Xv.- - - - - - am-°n.- 2011˛-Hm-sS- C-¥y-bn-se- F-√m- kw-ÿm- Fw,- {Um-^v-‰v,- F-_n-_n- sN-°v- _p-°v- F-∂n- Xn-°v- 11 i-Xam-am-Wv- ]-en-i.- 13.-01 i-Xam-w- - - - Xr-iq¿- ep-ep- C-‚¿-m-jW¬- I-¨sh≥- - - -ßfn-epw- im-JIfp-≈- _m-¶m-bn- ku-Ø-v C- - - - h- ]-cn-[n-bn-√m-sX- ku-Py-am-bn- Cu- A-°u- - dn-t´-¨.- ap-Xn¿-∂- ]u-c∑m¿-°v- ]-en-i- 11.-25 i- - j≥- sk-‚dn¬- -S∂- {]u-VKw-`o-cam-b- N-S- - - - - ¥y≥- _m-¶-v am-dp-sa-∂-v N-Sßn¬- kzm-KXw- ]- - - ≠n¬- tN-cp-∂h¿-°p- e-`n-°pw.-A°u-≠n¬- n- - - X-am-hpw- dn-t´-¨- 13.-36 i-Xam-hp-am-Wv.- _- - - - ßn¬- Iw-]t{Sm-f¿- B≥-Uv- Hm-Un-‰¿- P-d¬- v- - d-™- kn-CHbpw- am-t-Pnw-Kv- U-bdISdp-am-b- - - - - v- - e-n¿-tØ-≠- i-cm-icn- _m-e≥-k-v am-kØn¬- - - Pm-Pv- P--d¬- C≥-jp-d≥-kn-s‚- k-l-I-c-W- Hm-^v- C-¥y- hn-tm-Zv- dm-bn- F-Ivke≥-kv- A- - - tUm.- hn.-F- tPm-k^-v hy-‡am-°n.- ln-am-N¬- - - H-cp-e£am-Wv.- tk-hnw-Kkv- _m-¶v- n-_‘- - - v- - - tØm-sS- Cu- ]-≤-Xn-bn-se- n-t£-]-I¿-°v- hm¿-Up-Iƒ- k-Ωm-n-®p.- {]-tZ-i,v - ta-Lm-eb,- {Xn-]p-c- Xp-Sßn-b- kw-ÿm- - - Iƒ-°p- hn-t[-b-am-bn- A-°u-≠n¬- n-e-n¿- ku-Py-am-bn- H-cp- e-£w- cq-]bp-sS- A-]IS- - - - - F-ksF-_n- {_m≥-U-v Aw-_m-kUdpw- N- -v - - -ßfn¬- A-Sp-Øp-Xs∂- im-JIƒ- B-cw-`n-°p- - - - Øp-∂- Xp-Ib°-v 3.-5 i-Xam-w- ]-en-i- e-`n-°p- - -v - a-cW- C≥-jp-d≥-k-v ]-cn-c£bpw- -eIp-∂p-≠.v - - - -v e-®n-{X-Sp-am-b- `-cX-v a-Ωp-´n- H-cp-e£w- ho-X- - - - - sa-∂pw- tPm-k^-v Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.- -
  • 5. A-`-n-{]m-bw- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 5 Npw-_--Øn-s‚ Ip-fn¿- h-gn-I-fn-eq-sS- kvtl]q¿-hw- D-Ω- sh- cn¬- H-cmƒ- ]-{X-hm¿-Ø- D-≤cn- - - - - tkm-¨'-- F-∂- t_m¿-Upw- D-b¿- Imw.- a-p-jy¿- X-Ωn-ep-≈- -∑- bv°p-∂Xn¬- F-¥m-W-v Ip-g∏w.- ®p- ]-dbp-∂p.- s{S-bn-n¬- bm-{X- - - - - ∂p.- {]-iw- K-Xm-KX- X-Skw- X- -v - - Iƒ- F-¥n--v X-Sks∏-Sp-ØWw- - - - s{S-bn≥- bm-{X-°n-S-bn¬- .-bp-h- °m-sc- I-b‰n-hn-Sm≥- h-cp-∂h¿- - - s∂.- ?- Npw-_w- lr-ZbsØ- ho-≠pw- - - - Xo- bp-hm-°ƒ- A-Sßn-b- kw-L- A-h-km-- n-an-jw- Im-dn-en-cp- - I-gn-™- h¿-jw- U¬-ln-bn- sN-dp-∏-am-°p-sa-∂pw- h¿-j-ß- Øn-se- H-cp- N¿-®m- hn-jbw.- sd- ∂pw- a-‰pw- Zo¿-L-am-bn- Npw-_n- - se- H-cp- sd-bn¬-th- tÃ-jp- ap- - sf- Xq-Øp-Ifbp-Ibpw- sN-øp-sa- - - - bn¬-th- tÃ-jp-Ifn¬- bm-{X- °p-∂Xn-m¬- {]-th-i- I-hm- - - - - ∂n¬- ]-ck]cw- Npw-_n-®- Z-º- - v- - ∂v- dq-t∏¿-´v- {_q-°v.- Xo-{h-hn-Im- b-∏n-v- C-Sbn¬- _-‘p-°ƒ- ]- S-Øn¬- hm-l°p-cp-°v- D-≠m- - - - Xn-I-sf- t]m-eo-kv- A-d-Ãv- sN- c-[o-am-b- Npw-_w- am-kn-I- - - - c- k v - ] - c w- B- Ip-∂-Xn- bvXn-cp-∂p.- bm-{X-°m¿-°v- A-Xv- - A-b-hp-≠m-°p-∂- k-t¶-X-am- enw-Kw- sN-øp- - m¬- am-{X- tam-i-am-bn- tXm-∂n-b-Xp- sIm- sW-∂v- kvs{S-kv- I-¨kƒ-´‚ v- - - - ∂-Xpw- Npw-_n- mev°he°m-gvN- - - - - - am-Wv- A- ≠m-Wv- A-d-Ãv- sN-bv-X-sX-∂v- ssa-°¬- tI- a-Im-_v.- v- °p-∂Xpw- k-Zm- tXm-a-kv- a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]-≈n¬- hn- s S- A- - t]m-eo-kv.- ]-≠v- tI-cfØn-epw- - - ]-ckv]cw- C-jvSs∏-´p- Npw- - - - - - Nm-c-hn-cp-≤-sa- ß-s- C-ßs-bp-≠m-bn-´p-≠.v - c-≠p- - _n-°p-∂hsc- F-¥n-p- A-dÃv- - - - ∂- n-e-bn¬- sbm-cp- n- t]-cpw- -√- hn-Zym-`ym-k- sN-bX-v ssI-hn-eßWn-bn-®-v ]o- -v - - Nn-e- t]m-eo-kp-Im¿- ssI-Im-cyw- tcm-[w.- A-√m-sX- Npw-_- n- - - ap-≈-h-cm-bn-cp-∂-Xn- Un-∏n-°-Ww-?- A-√m-sX- H-cp- ]- sN-øp-∂Xm-W-v N¿-®b°-v B-[m- tcm-[w- F-∂p- A-Xn-s- ]-dbm- - - -v - - m¬,- A-∂v- D-b¿-∂- cn-Nbhpw- C-√m-Øhsc- I-bdn- - - - - - c-am-b-Xv.- m-´n¬- h-∂n-d-ßp-∂- m-In-√.- F-{X- t-cw- th-W-sa- tNm-Zyw- hn-Zym-`ym-kap- - Npw-_n-®-v A-cm-PIXz-ap-≠m-°p- - - hn-tZ-in-Iƒ-°-v F-¥p-am-Imw.- h- ¶n-epw- sI-´n-∏n-Sn-®p- ap-Øw- -ev- ≈-h¿-°-v C-ßs-bm-Im- - ∂-hsc- ssI-Im-cyw- sN-øp-Ibpw- - - gn-bn-eq-sS- ]p-Ihen-®v- B-hiy- Im≥- {]-tXy-I- ÿ-ew- o-°n- - - - tam- F-∂m-bn-cp-∂p.- th-Ww.- A-t∏mƒ- F-√mw- Xm-s- Øn-v- Xp-Wn-bp-Sp-°m-sX- sI-´n- h-®n-´p-ap-≠v- A-hn-sS.- kvt-lw- {]-ISn-∏n-®Xn-s‚- - - - aw-Kfam-Ipw.- Npw-_w- e-`n-°p- - - - ∏n-Sn-®p- -S°p-∂Xn¬- B¿-°pw- - - A-ta-cn-°-bn¬- A≥-]- t]-cn¬- Bƒ-°m-sc- A-dÃ-v sN- - ∂- Nn-e- kv{Xo-Iƒ- e-÷n-®v- hn- - H-cp- F-Xn¿-∏p-an-√.- m-´p-Im-cm-b- Xp-Iƒ- ap-X¬- sd-bn¬-th- øp-∂- t]m-eo-k-v I-≈∑m-tc-bpw- - h¿-Wcm-Ipw,- a-‰p- Nn-e¿- t]m-eo- - c-≠p- bp-h-Xo-bp-hm-°ƒ- H-∂p- tÃ-jp-Ifn¬- Npw-_- - - - sIm-≈-°m-tc-bpw- A-d-Ãv- sN- kn-s- hn-fn-°pw,- Nn-e¿- I-Sn- tN¿-∂p- -S∂p- t]m-bm¬- Np-‰pw- Øn-m-bn- {]-tXy-Iw- o- - øm-Ø-sX-¥m-sW-∂v- tNm-Zyw.- °pw.- F-∂m¬- Nn-cn-°p-∂hcm- - - n-co-£n-°m≥- B-bn-cw- I-Æp-I- °n- h-®n-cn-°p-∂- quot;-In- kvt-ln-®p- n-e°p-∂h¿- Hm-Sn- - -v - Wv- G-‰-hpw- tam-i-am-b-h-sc-∂v- fm-Wv- {]-h¿-Ø£aam-Ip-I!.- knw-Kv- tkm-Wp-'-Iƒ- D- - - - - - c-£s]-Sp-∂n-√,- I-≈∑m-tc-bpw- - - km-bn-∏v.- ]m-›m-Xy- cm-Py-ßfn- - -Ωp-sS- m-´n¬- Npw-_n-°p-∂h- ≠v.- tPm-en-°p- t]m-Ip-- sIm-≈°m-sc-bpw- Im-Wm-p-an-√- - se- co-Xn- t]m-se- B-tcm-Ky-Ic- - tc-°mƒ- l¿-tjm-∑m-Zw- A-Xp- ∂- `¿-Øm-°∑m-sc- I-b- - F-∂-v D-Øcw.- G-Xm-bm-epw- Z-º- - am-b- co-Xn-bn¬- F-¥p-sIm-≠-v C- Im-Wp-∂h¿-°m-W.v - - ‰n-hn-Sm≥- F-Øp-∂- `m-cy- Xn-Iƒ-°-v s]m-Xp-ÿeØp- h-®-v - - ¥y-bn¬- Npw-_sØ- I-≠p-Iq- - - quot;-Npw-_hpw- em-fhpw- n¿- am-cp-sS- ku-Icy-Øn-m- - - - - - Npw-_n-°m-sa-∂v- A-Sp-Øbn-sS- - Sm-sb-∂-v bp-hP߃- tNm-Zn-°p-- - - Øq-'- F-∂v- Cw-Kv-f-≠n-se- sd- Wv- A-ßs-sbm-cp- kw- - kp-{]ow- tIm-SXn- hn-[n-®n-´p-≠v.- - ∂-Xn¬- Im-cy-an-√m-Xn-√.- tb-ip-hn- bn¬-th- tÃ-j-p- ]p-d-Øv- n- hn-[m-w- D-≠m-°n-bX.v - F- - Npw-_Øn-p- ]n-∂n¬- F- - - s- bq-Zm-k-v Npw-_w- sIm-≠m- - tcm-[- t_m¿-U-v h-bt°-≠- A- gp-]Xp-Iƒ- B-bt∏mƒ- Nn- - -v - - ¥m-Wv-?- A-Xv- kv-t-l-tam,- _- Wv- H-‰n-s°m-Sp-ØX-v F-∂p- Iq-Sn- - {X- K-Xn-tI-Sm-bn- F-∂-v bm-{X-°m- e-bn-S-Øv- quot;-tm- In-knw-Kv- lp-am--tam,- B-iw-k-tbm- B- C-Øcp-WØn¬- Hm¿-°p-I.- - - i-¶-dn-s‚- h-c-hv-;- in-h-Kn-cn-bn-se- Kp-cp-tZ-h- {]-Xn-a- A-m-h-c-Ww- H-cp- Zn-h-kw- F-s‚- Hm-^o- '-'.- H-∂p- ]-d-™n-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬- Im-Wm≥- G¿-∏m-Sv- sN-bXp.- No- v- cm-j{-v S-]Xn- kw-_‘n-°p-∂- - - k-t¥m-jam-bn.- ]-≠-v A-Uan-j- - -v A-Xn-s-¥m,- A-t±-lsØ- -ap- - kn¬- t^m-Wn¬- H-cmƒ- hn-fn-®v- Rm≥- A-ßp- h-cp-am-bn-cp-∂t√m.- - ^v- F≥-Pn-n-b¿- h-∂t∏mƒ- in- - ]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifn¬- k-Zky¿- A-©p- - - p- th-≠n- i-¶-dn-s- Im-Wm≥- °v- ap-Ifn-te-°-v £-Wn-°mw.- A- - B-tcm-Ky-a-{¥n- D-t≠m- F-∂p- ]-cn-`h- kz-cØn-ep-≈- F-s‚- ]- - - h-Kn-cn-bn-se- Im-cyw- hn-iZam-bn- - - an-n-´-v F-¶n-epw- ap≥-]-v ]-¥en¬- - t]m-b- Im-cyw- `m-cy- F-t∂m-Sp- ]- t±-lw- tÃ-Pn-s‚- h-e-Xp- h-i- tNm-Zn-®p.- B-cm-sW-∂p- tNm-Zn- cm-Xn-!.- Xm≥- C-t∏mƒ- a-{¥n-bm- ]-d™p.- H-cp- Ip-dn-∏-v A-t±-lØn- - - I-bdn-bn-cn-°Ww.- k-tΩ-f- Zn- - - - d-™p.- Øp- Iq-Sn-bpw- Rm≥- C-SXp- h-i- - °p-∂Xn-p- ap≥-]p- X-s∂- D-s≠- - Wv.- Rm≥- H-cm-hiy-°m-cy-pw.- a- - p- sIm-Sp-Øp.- B-hiy-am-b- - - h-kw- h-en-b- H-cp- ]-¥en-´n-cp-∂p.- - tÃ-Pn¬- C-cp-∂p-sIm-≠v- Øp- Iq-Sn-bpw- tÃ-Pn¬- n-∂v- C- ∂p- a-dp-]Sn- ]-dbp-tºm-tg-b°pw- - - -v {¥n-sb-s°m-≠v- F-n-s°m-cp- S-]-Sn-Iƒ- bp-≤-Im-em-Sn-ÿm-- n-d®-v B-fp-Iƒ.- {]-ap-J- hy-‡n- - tm-°n-b-t∏mƒ- n-d-™- k-Z- d-ßn- c-≠p- t]-cpw- Iq-Sn- H-cp-an- t^m-¨- Xm-sg-h®p.- - Im-cyw- km-[n-°Ww.- n-th-ZI≥- - - Øn¬- ssI-s°m-≈m≥- B-h- Iƒ- ap-∂n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- a-{¥n- kn-s‚- ap≥-n-cbn¬- sIm-√w- _n- - ®p- sP-tdmw- Xn-cp-ta-n-bp-sS- A- a-{¥n-am-cp-sS- Hm-^o-kn-se- a-{¥n-sb- h-∂p- Im-Wp-∂Xm-Wv- - iy-am-b- ]-Ww- sN-e-hm-°m≥- am-cpw- A-hcp-sS- ]-Xn-am-cpw- tÃ- - -v j-∏v- tUm.- sP-tdmw- Fw.- s^¿- Sp-sØ-Øn.- R-߃- sN-∂- t^m-¨- a-‰p-≈h¿- Zp¿-hn-n-tbm- - `w-Kn.- A-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv- A-dn-bn- °m-sX- Rm≥- h-∂X.v - Im-cyw- ]- - d-bmw- F-∂- ap-Jhp-ctbm-sS- A- - - t±-lw- Xp-Sßn.- - in-hKn-cn-bn-se- {io-m-cm-b- - W- Kp-cp- {]-Xn-a- C-¥y≥- {]-kn- U-‚ -v tUm.-k°o¿- lp-ssk-m- - Wv- (P--w- 1897 s^-{_p-h-cn- 8 a-cWw- 1969 ta-bv- 3.- C-¥y-bp-sS- - aq-∂m-asØ- {]-kn-U‚ .v - 1967 ta- - - bv- 13 ap-X¬- 1969 ta-bv- aq-∂p- h- sc-)- A-m-h-c-Ww- sN-øp-∂-Xv.- tI-{µ- a-{¥n- P-KPo-h≥- dmw- (P- - -w- 1908 G-{]n¬- 5.- a-cWw- 1986 - Pq-sse- 6.- 40 h¿-jtØm-fw- tI- - tUm.-k°o¿- lp-ssk≥- - P-KPo-h≥- dmw- - B¿.-i¶¿- - tUm.- sP-tdmw- Fw.-s^¿-Wm-≠k-v - {µ- a-{¥n-bm-bn- {]-h¿-Øn-®p.- 1979 H-ItSm-_¿- 9 ap-X¬- Un-kw- -v ap≥-Iq¿- A-p-hm-Zw- sIm-Sp-°p-∂- Pn-epw.- Rm-pw- `m-cy-bpw- t-c- Wm-≠k-v (P-w- 1901 sk-]‰w- - - -v t∏mƒ- A-t±-lw- F-gp-t∂-‰p.- aq- {io-m-cm-bW- Kp-cp- - _¿- 10 h-sc- sU-]yq-´n- {]-[m-- Xm-bn-cp-∂p- tm-´.v - C-Xn-s‚- tIm- tØ-sb-Øn.- R-ßsf- kzo-Icn- _¿- 8.- a-cWw- 1992 s^-{_p-hcn- - - - - ∂p- t]-cpw- ssI-Iq-∏n- n-ev-°p- Kw- sN-øp-∂p-sh-∂- ]-cm-a¿-iw- Nn- a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp-∂p.-)- k-am-[n- a-µn- ∏n- n-ba- h-Ip-∏n-pw- [-Im-cy- ®-t∏mƒ- `m-cy-tbm-Sv- quot;-quot;-B-fp- an- 26.- 1937˛¬- 36˛mw- h-bkn¬- sIm- - - - ∂- Zr-iyw- k-Zky¿-°v- lr-Zy-am- - e- ]-{X-ß-fn¬- h-∂n-cp-∂p.- F- tcm-ZLm-Shpw- n¿-hln-°pw.- v- - - - h-Ip-∏n-pw- sIm-Sp-°m≥- √-sØ- B-Zy- C-¥y≥- bn.- Xp-S¿-∂v- tÃ-Pn-te-°v- B-- s‚- Hm-^o-kn-se- t^m-¨- D-]- Cu- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- in-hKn-cn- Xo¿- - G¿-∏m-Sv- sN-bXp.- A-s√- v- _n-j-∏m-bn.- 1978 h-sc- bn-®p.- ap≥- n-c-bn¬- X-s∂- k- tbm-Kw- n-b{¥n-°m≥- Rm≥- H- - ∞m-S- k-abØ-v -S°p-∂p-sh- - - - - ¶n¬- A-h¿- C-S-t¶m-en- ÿm-Øn-cp-∂p.-)- Xn-cp- - ÷-am-°n-b- I-tk-cbn¬- A-t±- - cp- n¿-tZ-iw- sIm-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p,- ∂p-≈-Xn-m¬- h-ºn-®- P--°q- Spw.- Im-e-Xm-a-kw- D-≠m- ta-n- C-cn-°p-∂p.- A-t±- lw- C-cp-∂p.- kw-Xr-]Xn-tbm-sS- -v ss{]-h‰-v sk-{I-´dn- C-√m-Ø- k- - - ´w- D-≠m-Ipw.- A-h¿-°v- Ip-Sn- Ipw.- No-^v- F≥-Pn-n-b¿- l-sØ- H-∂v- tÃ-Pn-se- Rm≥- F-s‚- ÿm-Øpw.- - a-b-Øv- t^m-¨- F-n-°v- t-cn- °m≥- sh-≈w- B-h-iy-Øn-p- [r-Xn-bn¬- th-≠- G¿-∏m- Øn-®m¬- sIm-≈m-sa-∂-v {]-kn-U‚ -v F-Øn-b- hn-hcw- - - ´v- I-WISv- sN-øWw.- A-ßs- - v- - - In-´Ww.- A-°m-cy-Øn¬- {]-tXy- - Sv- sN-bXp.- Hm-tcm- B-gN- -v -v F-n-°v- tXm-∂n.- A-t±- D-®`m-jn-Wn-bn-eq-sS- {]-Jym-]n- - I-W-Iv-Sv- sN-bv-X-t∏m-gm-Wv- B- I- {i-≤- th-Ww.- i-¶¿- ]-d™p.- - bn-epw- dn-t∏m¿-´v- In-´n- l-sØ- tÃ-Pn¬- £-Wn- X-am-bn.- F-√m-hcpw- F-gp-t∂-‰-v cm- - t^m-¨- hn-fn- h-∂Xv.- - C-Xp- sN-øn-°m≥- F-n-s°- s°m-≠n-cp-∂p.- H-cp- am-kw- ®n-cp-Ø-W-sa-∂v- i-¶-dn- jv{S-]Xn-sb- kzo-Icn-®p.- ap-ken- - - - -v -√- ]-cn-Nbap-≈- kz-cw.- B- - - {X- k-abw- X-cpw- F-∂p- Rm≥- tNm- - sIm-≠-v ]-Wn- ]q¿-Øn-bm- tm-S-v ]-d™m¬,- A-Xp- - am-b- {]-kn-U-‚ v- {]-Xn-a- A-m- cm-sW-∂p- ]-d™n-√t√m- F-∂- - - Zn-®p.- aq-∂p- am-kØn-Iw- -S]Sn- - - - - b- hn-h-cw- dn-t∏m¿-´v- sN- t]m-se-bp-≈- th-sd- ]- h-cWw- sN-øp-∂Xn-s- ap-kenw- - - -v bv-Xp.- Rm≥- B¿.-i-¶-dn- e-cp-ap-≠v,- km-[y-a√- F- - ]-WUn-X∑m¿- hn-a¿-in-®n-cp-∂p.- -v - `-c-W-kv-a-c-W-Iƒ- s- hn-fn-®v- C-n- h¿-°- ∂- a-dp-]-Sn-tb- Io-´q- F- {]-kw-KØn¬- k¿-haX- k-az- - - - - _n.-sh-√nw-KvS¨- -- e-bn¬- t]m-Ip-tºmƒ- ∂v- F-n-°dn-bmw.- Rm≥- - b-Øn-s‚- {]-hm-NIm-Wv- Kp-cp- - - Cu- Im-cyw- H-∂p- tm-°n- H-cp- X-{¥w- {]-tbm-Kn-®p.- tZ-h-s-∂v- {]-kn-U-‚ v- Nq-≠n- Nn-¥bn¬- C-cn-°p-tºmƒ- Hm-^o- - ]q¿-Øn-bm-°Ww.- A-t±-lw- t]m- - hn-hcw- A-dn-bn-°tW- F- - - B¿.-i¶dn-s- hn-fn-®-v F- - - °m-´n.- A-[-ÿn-X- hn-`m-K-Øn- kn-se- in-]m-bn- I-XIp- Xp-d∂v- - - Im≥- F-gp-t∂-‰p.- A-°m-cyw- Rm- ∂p- Hm¿-Ωn-∏n-®p.- s‚- ko-‰v- Xm-sg-bm-°n- s‚- ]p-tcm-KXn-°pw- ap-t∂-‰Øn- - - ap≥- ap-Jy-a{¥n- B¿.- i-¶dn-s- - - t-‰p.- ]p-dtØ-°p- -S°p-∂Xn-n- - - - A-Sp-Ø- Zn-h-kw- A- Ø-cWw- F-∂-v A-`y¿-Yn- - pw- Kp-cp-tZ-h≥- -eIn-b- kw-`m- -v (P-w- 1909 G-{]n¬- 30.- a-cWw- - - S-bn¬- A-t±-lw- ]-d™p.- k¿- - t±-l-Øn-s‚- t^m-¨.- ®p.- ]-‰n-√,- tÃ-Pn¬- th- h-sb- tI-{µ-a{¥n- P-KPo-h≥- - - - 1972 -hw-_¿- 7.- tI-c-f-Øn-se- °m¿- D-tZym-Kÿ∑m-sc- F-n-°-v - - B-lv-fm-Z- {]-I-S--tØm- Ww- F-∂v- D-d-®- kz-c- dmw- ap-‡IWTw- {]-iw-kn-®p.- Kp- - - -v aq-∂m-asØ- ap-Jy-a{¥n.- 1962 ap- - - -√hÆw- A-dn-bmw.- {]-tXy-Iw- {i- - - sS- A-t±-lw- F-s∂- A- Øn¬- i-¶¿- ]-d™p.- F- - cp-tZ-h- km-ln-Xyw- C-Xc`m-jI- - - - X¬- 64 h-sc-)- ap-dn-bn-te-°m-- ≤n-°tW- F-∂p- ]-d™p.- - - `n-µn-®p.- D-tZym-Kÿ∑m- - - - in-hKn-cn- {io-m-cm-bW- Kp-cp- a-WU]w- - - -v - ¥m- Im-cWw.- sP-tdmw- Xn- - fn¬- {]-kn-≤o-Icn-°Wsa-∂-v in-- - - bn-®p.- A-¤p-X-tØm-sS- Rm≥- ss{]-h-‰v- sk-{I-´-dn-sb- hn- sc-s°m-≠v- F-ßs- C-{X- th- Sp-°m,- Im-cy-߃- i-cn-°-v ssI- cp-ta-n-sb- Nq-≠n-°m-´n-bn-´,v - A- - - h-Kn-cn- a-TtØm-S-v B-hiy-s∏-´p.- - - F-gp-t∂-‰p- kzo-Icn-®n-cp-Øn.- quot;-quot;- - fn-®v- ]n-®CUn- No-^v- F≥-Pn-n- v- - Kw- km-[n-®p- F-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- A- Im-cyw- sN-øp-∂p-≠v-quot;-quot;- F-∂v- i- t±-lw- Xm-sg- C-cn-°p-tºmƒ- C- 1968 P-p-hcn- H-∂mw- Xo-bXn-bm- - - F-¥p- th-ebm- Cu- sN-bXX?- - v- - v- b-sd- D-®Ign-™-v c-≠n--v F-s∂- - - t±-lØn-s‚- tNm-Zyw.- - ¶¿- ]-d™Xp- tI-´v- `m-cy-b°p- hn-sS- C-cn-°m≥- H-cp- {]-bm-kw.- - - v- bn-cp-∂p- Cu- a-lm-kw-`hw.- -
  • 6. 6 B-tcm-Kyw- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 ]p-Xn-b- Aƒ-{Sm-ku-≠v- km-t¶-Xn-I-X-bp-am-bn- tI-c-f-Øn¬- tkm-tWm-ssk-‰v- C-¥y- t{Im-kv-tdm-Uv- yq-kv- d-°p-∂p-≠.v - Im¿-Un-tbm-fPn,- td- - °m-p-≈- tkm-tWm- A-Um-]‰,v - -v {Km-ap-Iƒ,- tkm-tWm-{Km-^n-I-v A- tI-cfØn¬- -ho-- Aƒ- - - Un-tbm-fPn,- ssK-t°m-fPn- Un- - - - tkm-tWm- F-®v- Un,- tkm-tWm- m-´an- kw-_‘am-b- C-ta-Pv- d- - - - ∏m¿-´p-sa-‚p-Ifn-em-W-v Im-em-Im- - Fw-_n- Xp-Sßn-b- km-t¶-Xn-IX- - - ^-d≥-k-v sse-{_-dn- Xp-Sßn-bh- - - {Sm-ku-≠-v km-t¶-Xn-IX- e-`y-am- - e-ßfm-bn- Aƒ-{Sm- ku-≠v- D-]- - Iƒ- C-hbn-ep-≠.v - - A-Sßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- - °n-s°m-≠v- Cu- ta-J-e-bn-se- B-tKm-f- {]-i-kv-X-cm-b- tkm- I-cW߃- D-]tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂X.v - - - - - - A-Xym-[p-n-I- I-WISn-hn- - -v - Xo-{h-]cn-NcW- ta-JeI- - - - - - F-∂m¬- {In-´n-°¬- sI-b¿,- F- ‰n-:- Um-‰m- {Sm≥-kv^dn-pw- an-I- - - fn-se- D-]-tbm-K-Øn-p-≈- cq-]- tWm-ssk-‰n-s‚- k-ºq¿-W- k- a¿-P≥-kn- sa-Un-kn≥,- do-PW¬- - ®- I-WISn-hn-‰n-°p-am-bn- A-Xym- - -v I¬-]:- - tkm-tWm-ssk-‰n-s‚- - _v-kn-Un-b-dn-bm-b- tkm-tWm- ssk-‰v- C-¥y- G-‰-hpw- ]p-Xn-b- A-kvtX-jy,- Hm-∏td-j≥- Xo- - - - [p-n-I- ku-Icy-߃- C-Xn¬- D- - ap≥- D-]IcWßsf-t∏m-se- Xo- - - - - - tb-‰dp-Iƒ- F-∂n-hbn-te-°pw- C- - - ≈-S°w-sN-bXn-´p-≠.v - C-Xp-aq-ew- - -v {h-]cn-NcW- ta-JeIfn-se- D-]- - - - - - - ¢n-n- h-bp-sS- D- C-ta-Pp-Iƒ- km-[m-cW- I-ºyq-´¿- - tbm-K-Øn-v- tbm-Pn-°pw-hn-[- °¬- D-]- I-cWß- - - ]-tbm-Kw- t^m¿-am-‰p-Ifn¬- bp- F-kv- _n- - Øn-ep-≈- cq-]-I¬-]--bm-Wv- hym-]n-®p.- tÃm-td-Pv- D-]-I-c-W-Øn-te-°v- Fw- S¿-t_m-b°pw- F-kv- ko-cn- v- fm-b- Fw- tcm-K-kw- A-m-bm-kw- F-Ikt]m¿-´-v sN- -v -v kn-p-ap-≈-Xv.- C-h-bp-sS- ko¬- ˛-S¿-t_m- bp-sS-bpw- _-‘am-b- - øm≥- I-gn-bpw.- sN-bX- C-‚¿-t^-kp-Iƒ- A-Wp- -v {]-tXy-I- A-tz-jW߃-°-v D- - - - ¢n-n-°¬- hn-Zym-`ym-k- m-in-n-sIm-≠v- Xp-S®Xn-p-ti- - - F-kv- ko-cn-kn-s‚-bpw- k-ºq¿- Ø-cta-Im-pw- tcm-Kn-°-v A-[n-I- - Øn-p-≈- ku-Icyw-:- F-kv- ko- - jw- sk-°‚p-Iƒ-°p-≈n¬- _q- - W- t{i-Wn- A-hXcn-∏n-®p.- - - ssa-t{Im- am-Ik,v - ssS-‰m≥- -v ´v- sN-øm-hp-∂Xm-W.v - - - kp-Zo¿-L- hm-d‚ n-:- 2005¬- - kn-Ãw-kv- F-∂n-h-bm-Wv- ssa-t{Im-am-Ivkv- A-hXcn-∏n-®- - - - Fw- S¿-t_m- t{i-Wn-bn¬- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-∂X.v - an-I®- C-ta- - - t∏mƒ- I-ºn- G¿-s∏-Sp-Øn-b- - A-©p-h¿-j-sØ- hm-d-‚ n- Fw- Pv- hy-‡X,- Un-Pn-‰¬- C- - S¿-t_m,- F-kv- ko-cn-kv- D-]Ic- - - ta-Pv- ssI-am-‰-Øn-p-≈- ]-h≥- s_-l¬- v A-km-[m-cWam-b- I-W- - - W-߃-°pw- tkm-tWm-ssk-‰v- n¿-an-Xn-bm-b- {Sm≥-kUyq-tk-g-v -v Iv-Sn-hn-‰n,- hn-hn-[- ¢n-n- °¬- km-lNcy-ßfn¬- D- ]-tbm-Kn-°m-p-≈- ku-I- - - - kn-pw- e-`y-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v.- cm-Py-Øp-So-fw- I-ºn-bp- - - skm-tWm-ssk-‰v- Fw-˛-S¿-t_m- sS- ]-cn-Nbkº∂cpw- tbm-Ky- - - - - - cyw- Xp-Sßn-bhbm-W-v C-Xn- s‚- ap-Jy-khn-ti-jXIƒ.- - tkm-tWm-ssk-‰n-s‚- - - - - - cp-am-b- sk-bn¬-k,v - kvs]-jy-en- Ãv,- k¿-ho-k-v k-t∏m¿-´-v So-an-s‚- - tcm-Kn-I-fp-sS- A-Sp-tØ-°v- km-∂n-[y-ap-≈Xn-m¬- tUm-Iv- - t{Im-kv-tdm-Uv- yq-kv- S¿-t_m- πm-‰v-t^m-an-s- i- S¿-am¿-°v- Cu- D¬-]∂ßfp-sS- - - - ‡-am-°p-∂- F-kv- ko-cn-kn- tcm-Kn-Ifp-sS- A-Sp-tØ-°v- Aƒ-{Sm-ku-≠v- D-]Ic- - - - pw- A-y-am-b- n-ch[n- {]- - - - D-]-tbm-K-Øn-eq-sS- an-I-®- tcm- Kn- ]-cn-c£- ¬-Im≥- I-gn-bpw.- - Ww.- A-Xn-m-bm-Wv- skm-tWm-ssk-‰v- Fw-˛-S¿-t_m- D-]- tXy-IXIfp-≠.v - `n-Øn-bn-tem- - - - Cu- So-an-s‚- {]-h¿-Ø߃-°-v - - Im-cs∏-Sp-∂sX-∂-v tkm-tWm-ssk-‰-v I-¨{Sn- am-t-P¿- ]- - - - ko-en-ßn-tem- ÿm-]n-°m-m- h≥- s_-lv¬.- sa-®-s∏-´- Aƒ-{Sm-ku-≠v,- sa-®-s∏-´- ^- hp-∂- Un-ssk-n¬- n¿-an-®n- F-√m- kw-ÿm-ßfn-se-bpw- do- - - P-W¬- Un-kv{Sn-_yq-´¿-am-cp-sS- - ew- F-∂-Xm-Wv- e-£y-sa-∂v- t{Im-kv-tdm-Un-tm-Sv- ]-h≥- ´p-≈Xm-sW-∂Xm-Wv- C-Xn¬- - - bpw- ]n-¥p-Wbp-ap-≠.v - - s_-lv¬- ]-d™p.- - {]-[m-w.- C-Xp-aq-ew- ÿ-eku- - ssI-bn¬- sIm-≠p-S°m-hp-∂- Fw-˛S¿-t_m- 2007˛-em- - - - I-cyw- {]-tXy-Iw- th-≠n-hcn-√.- - kn-bm-‰n¬- B-ÿm-- am-bn- {]-h¿-Øn-°p- Wv- C-¥y-bn¬- A-hXcn-∏n-°s∏-´Xv.- hn-tZ-iØv- 2004˛¬- - - - - - Ãm≥-Un¬- L-Sn-∏n-®pw- C-h- {]- ∂- tkm-tWm- ]p-dØn-dßn-bn-cp-∂p.- bp.-Fk-v I-ctk-bp-sS- B-hiy-{]- - - - - - - h¿-Øn-∏n-°m-hp-∂Xm-W.v - hy-Xy- - Im-cam-W-v C-Øcw- D-]IcWØn-s‚- n¿-am-Ww- B-cw-`n-®- - - - - - - kvX- ¢n-n-°¬- kvs]-jym-en-‰n- - - Xv.- 1996˛¬- B-bn-cp-∂p- A-Xv.- ]-cn-t°-‰- `-S≥-am-sc- B-ip- I-fp-sS- B-hiy-IXIƒ- n-dth- - - - - ]-{Xn-bn-te-°v- o-°m-p-≈- _p-≤n-ap-´n-p- ]-cn-lm-cam-bn- - ‰p-Ibpw-sN-øpw.- F-a¿-P≥-kn- hn- - ]-cn-tim-[m- D-]IcWw- A-hcp-sS- A-Sp-tØ-°-v F-{X-bpw- - - - - - `m-KØn-se- ^n-kn-jy≥-am¿-°m- - th-Kw- F-Øn-°m-m-bn-cp-∂p- {i-aw.- A-ta-cn-°≥- I-ºn- - bn- F-kv- ˛- ^m-Ãv,- A--kv-tX- bm-Wv- n¿-am-Ww- Xp-S-ßn-b-Xv.- C-¥y-bn¬- c-≠p- h¿-jw- tjym-fPn-Ãp-Iƒ-°m-bn- F-k-v ˛- - ap≥-]m-Wv- tkm-tWm-ssk-‰n-s‚- ]q¿-W- k-_vkn-Un-bdn- - - s¿-h,v - C-‚¿-sh≥-jen-Ãp-Iƒ- - - B-cw-`n-®X.v - - °m-bn- F-k-v ˛- Im-Ø,v - C-‚≥-ko- ]m¿-iz- Zq-jy-^eßtfm- td-Un-tb-jtm- Cu- D-]I- - - - - - hv- bq-Wn-‰n¬- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂- c-Ww- D-≠m-°p-∂n-s√-∂-v I-ºn- D-d∏p- ]-dbp-∂p.- t•m-_¬- - - - h¿-°m-bn- F-kv- ˛- sF- kn- bp,- Sm¿-P‰U-v km-t¶-Xn-IXbm-W-v D-]tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≈X.v - 60,-000˛- - - - - - - kp- c - am-kIp-tem-ksI-en-‰¬- kvs]- v- v- - £n-X-Xzw- ¬- te-sd- C-ta-Pp-Iƒ- Fw-˛-S¿-t_m-bn¬- tÃm¿- sN-ømw.- 60 jy-en-Ãp-Iƒ-°m-bn- F-k-v ˛- Fw- sk-°≥-Up-Iƒ- o-fap-≈- ho-Un-tbm- ¢n-∏p-Ifpw- kq-£n- - - F-kv- sI- Xp-S-ßn-b- D-]-I-c-W- Im-pw- Cu- Un- ssk-‰n-v- tem-I-sa- ∏m¿-´p-sa-‚p-Iƒ- Aƒ- ºm-Sp-am-bn- ]-Ø-v k-_kn- -v °mw.- A-©v- hy-Xy-ÿ- n-dßfn-se- tI-bkp-Ifn¬- Fw- - - v- - ߃- C-hbn¬- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-∂p.- - {Sm-ku-≠v- kw-hn-[m-- Un-bdn-Ifp-≠.v - q-tdm-fw- cm- - - ˛-S¿-t_m- e-`y-am-Wv.- 26.-4 sk-‚ n- ao-‰¿- F¬-kn-Un- I-f¿- an-I-®- {]-h¿-Ø--Øn-s‚- kv-{Io-m-Wp-≈-Xv.- 30.-2 sk-‚ n- ao-‰¿- o-fw,- 27.-4 sk-‚ n- bpw- Zo¿-Lam-b- Im-em-h[n-bp-sS- - - ß-sf- D-]tbm-Kn-°m≥- Xp-Sßn- - - cn-k-v Un-ssh-kp-Iƒ-°pw- Fw- S¿- Py-ßfn¬- I-ºn-°v- hn-XcW- - - - - b-Xm-bpw- ]-h≥- s_-l¬- Nq-≠n- v t_m- kn-ÃØn-p-sam-∏w- ]p-Xp- - irw-Jebp-ap-≠v.- A-dp-q-tdm-fw- - - ao-‰¿- ho-Xn,- 7.-9 sk-‚ n- ao-‰¿- D-bcw.- - bpw- D-]tbm-K£aXbp-sS-bpw-- - - - - °m-´n.- Xm-bn- D-≈S°w-sN-bXn-´p-≈- F- -- -v Po-h°m-cm-W-v I-ºn-°p-≈X.v - - - - - Iw-]yq-´¿- t]m-ep-≈- D-]IcWØn-s‚- t{]m-kknw-Kv- - - - - - hn-e°p-dhn-s‚-bpw- Im-cy-Øn¬- - - kv]o-Uv- D-b¿-∂Xm-Wv.- _m-‰dn-bpw- {Sm≥-kUyq-kdpw- Iq- - - - v- - tkm-tWm-ssk-‰-v D¬-]∂߃- - - Fw-˛S¿-t_m,- F-k-v ko-cn-k-v - Uyq-t°-j≥- Io- t{]m-{Kmw- Cu- tI-cfØn¬- F-dWm-Ip-fØ-v sa- - - - - D¬-]-∂-ß-fp-sS- k-hn-ti-j-X- ta-J-e-bn-se- -ho-- km-[y-X- Uvkm-t‚m-bpw- (aq-_m-dI-v tImw- - - Sm-sX- kn-ÃØn-p- am-{Xw- 3.-04 In-tem-{Km-am-W-v Xq-°w.- ]- - {]-ikXam-sW-∂-v I-ºn-bp-sS- - -v - - Iƒ-:- Iƒ- ]-Tn-∏n-°p-∂p.- C-Xn-se- bp- π-Iv-kv,- c-≠mw- n-e,- en-kn- B- {¥-≠v- sk-°≥-Un-p-≈n¬- _q-´v- A-∏v- sN-ømw.- h-f-sc- I-¨-{Sn- am-t-P¿- ]-h≥- s_- th-KØn¬- kvIm-nw-Kv- -SØmw.- ssh-Zyp-Xn- C-s√-¶n¬- - - - lv¬- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- m-ep- In-tem- - an-I-hp-‰- C-ta-Pv-:- Cu- ta- F-kv- _n- X-ºv- ss{U-hn¬- Hm- ip-]{Xn-°-v F-Xn¿-hiw-),- Xn-cp-h- - - J-ebn-se- a-t‰-sXm-cp- D¬-]∂- - - ∏-td-j≥- ho-Un-tbm- Syq-t´m-dn-b- -¥]p-cØv- sh-Ãm- tIm¿-]td- - - - _m-‰dn-bp-sS- i-‡n-bn-epw- {]-h¿-Øn-°pw.- A-Xn-m¬- _- - {Km-an¬- Xm-sg- `m-cw- h-cp-∂- hn- sØ-°m-fpw- i-‡am-b- t{]m-k- - ep-Iƒ,- {]-tXy-I- ]-co-£-W-I- j-pw- (A-¶q¿,- hn-m-bI-v -K¿,- - lp-Zq-cw- H-‰s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂- B-ip-]{Xn-Ifn¬- t]m-epw- D-]- - - - [-Øn-em-Wv- C-hbp-sS- cq-]I¬- - - tbm-Kn-°mw.- tcm-Kn-bn¬- n-∂v- ]-Øp- ao-‰¿- am-dn- n-∂v- dn- ]-.- F-√m-Ø-cw- ¢n-n-°¬- D- kn-M-v ]-hdm-W-v Fw- S¿-t_m,- F- - fpw- ]-cn-tim-[Ifpw- -S]Sn-{I- - - - - - ]m-∏w-tIm-S)- tkm-tWm-ssk- - v- kv- ko-cn-k-v D¬-]∂߃-°p-≈- - - a-ßfpw- -SØp-∂Xn-s-°p-dn-®p- - - - ‰v- D-]IcWßfp-sS- hn-XcW°m- - - - - - - - - tam-´v- I-¨t{Smƒ- D-]tbm-Kn-®pw- D-]IcWw- {]-h¿-Øn-∏n- - - - - - ]-tbm-KØn-pw- D-]bp-‡am-b- - - - Xv.- C-ta-Pn-s‚- an-gn-hv- h¿-[n-∏n- ≈- ho-Un-tbm- dn-{^-j¿- t{]m- cm-W.v - °m-p-≈- ku-Icy-ap-≈Xn-m¬- ]-I¿-®hym-[n-°m-cn-epw- - - - D-]IcW߃- I-ºn- ]p-dØn- - - - - - - _p-≤n-ap-´p- Iq-Sm-sX- ]-cn-tim-[- -SØmw.- Iw-]yq-´dn-te- - - - °v- L-Sn-∏n-®v- hn-hc߃- tem-IØn-se-hn-tS-b°pw- ssI- - - - v- SonoSite M-Turbo am-dmw.- hr-Øn-bm-°m≥- F-fp-∏am-W.v - H-cp- ao-‰¿- h-sc- s]m- °-Øn¬- n-∂p- Xm-sg- ho-Wm-epw- D-]IcWØn--v X-Icm- dp-≠m-Im≥- km-[y-Xbn-√.- - - - - - - - tables, multiple user-selectable au- (TAM), peak trace, ICA/CCA ra- B&W video printer, DVI re- Application Specific Calcu- thors, ratios, amniotic fluid index, tio, angle correction, patient report. corder, Bar Code Reader sa-Un-°¬- tUm-IS¿-am¿-°pw- ]-cn-io-ew- e-`n-®- sS- v- - lations: Ivo-jy≥-am¿-°pw- am-{X-am-W-v Fw-˛S¿-t_m- D-]tbm-Kn-°m≥- - - - patient report. IMT (Intima Media Thick- Onboard Image and Clip Stor- A-p-aXn- -eIn-bn-´p-≈X.v - Im¿-Un-tbm-fPn-Ãp-Iƒ-°-v G- - -v - - Cardiac: Complete cardiac cal- Vascular: Diameter/ellipse/ ness): Embedded SonoCalc® IMT age/Review: culations package and patient re- sd- {]-tbm-Ps∏-Spw.- - - 8GB internal Flash memory hn-hn-[- tIm-¨^n-Ktd-j≥- A-p-kcn-®-v Fw-˛S¿-t_m- - - - - port, including ventricular, aortic storage capability. Potential to store and atrial measurements, ejection bp-sS- hn-e- 18 e-£w- cq-]- ap-X¬- 25 e-£w- cq-]- h-sc-bm- 64,000 images or 1,066 2-second fraction, volume, Simpson's rule, Ipw.- (]-cºcm-KX- D-]IcWØn-v- 15 e-£w- cq-]- ap-X¬- - - - - - - - clips. continuity equation, pressure half- 70 e-£w- cq-]- h-sc-bm-Wv- hn-e.-)- A-©p- h¿-jsØ- hm-d- - Clip Store capability via either time and cardiac output. number of heart cycles (using the ≠n-bm-W-v I-ºn- -eIp-∂X.v - I-gn-™- h¿-jw- C-¥y-bn¬- - -v - OB/Gyn/Fertility: Diameter/ ECG) or time base. Maximum stor- C-Øcw- 200 kn-Ãam-Wv- hn-‰Xv.- Cu- h¿-jw- A-Xv- 600 B- - - - ellipse measurements, volume, six age in ECG beats mode is 10 heart Ip-sa-∂-v I-ºn- {]-Xo-£n-°p-∂p.- tem-Isa-ºm-Spw- I-gn-™- - - follicle measurements, estimated trace measurements, volume, vol- software - automatic edge detection cycles. Maximum storage in time h¿-jw- 243 Z-ie£w- tUm-fdn-s‚- hn-ev]bm-Wv- -S∂- - - - - - - - fetal weight, established due date, ume flow, percent diameter and area with mean and maximum thick- base mode is 60 seconds. Cine re- Xv.- I-gn-™- h¿-jw- C-¥y-bn¬- 54 i-Xam-w- h-f¿-®bm-bn- - - gestational age, last menstrual pe- reduction, Lt/Rt CCA, ICA, ECA, ness reporting. view up to 255 frame-by-frame cp-∂p.- Cu- h¿-jw- 30 i-X-am-w- h-f¿-®-bm-Wv- {]-Xo-£n- riod, growth charts, user-defined ICA/CCA ratio, time average mean Supported Peripheral Devices: images. °p-∂X.v - -
  • 7. Hm-^¿- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 7 F-b¿-sS-en-s‚- {^-≠v-kv- ]m-bv-°v- C-¥y-bn-se- {]-ap-J- sam-ss_¬- tk-h- Zm-Xm-°fm-b- `m-cXn- F-b¿-sS¬- - - - tI-c-f-Øn-se- {]o-˛-s]-bv-Uv- h-cn-°m¿-°m-bn- {]-tXy-I- do-Nm¿-Pv- Im¿-Uv- ]p-d- Øn-d°n.- bp-hPßsf- e-£y-an-´m-W-v {^-≠k-v ]m-b°-v F-∂- t]-cn-ep-≈- Cu- - - - - - -v -v do-Nm¿-Pv- Im¿-Uv- hn-]Wn-bn-se-Øn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv.- - - ap-∏Xp- cq-]- tSm-°v- ssSw- e-`n-°p-∂Xm-Wv- 81 cq-]bp-sS- {^-≠vkv- do-Nm¿-Pv- - - - - Im¿-Uv.- Iq-Sm-sX- 151 tem-°¬- F-kFw-Fkpw- v- - cm-{Xn- ]-Xn-sm-∂p- ap-X¬- cm-hn-se- B-dp-h-sc-bp- ≈- k-abØv- 151 an-n-´n-s‚- tem-°¬- ss-‰v- tIm- - - fp-Ifpw- F-b¿-sS¬- sam-ss_-en-te-b°v- ku-Py- - v- - am-sW-∂Xm-W-v Cu- ]m-b°n-s‚- {]-tXy-IX.- C-Xn- - -v - p- ]p-dsa- c-≠v- F-b¿-sS¬- -ºcp-Ifn-te-bv°v- an- - - - - n-´n-v- 20 ss]-k- n-c°n¬- tem-°¬- tIm-fp-Iƒ- hn-fn-°mw.- 30 Zn-hksØ- Im- - - - em-h[n-bm-Wv- {^-≠kv- ]m-b°n-p-≈Xv.- - v- v- - h-cn-°m¿-°m-bn- an-I®- Hm-^dp-Iƒ- -eIp-∂Xn¬- F-b¿-sS¬- F-∂pw- ap≥-]- - - -v - F-b¿-sk¬- tI-c-f-Øn¬- ¥n-bn-em-sW-∂pw- ]p-Xn-b- X-eap-db°-v ]p-Xn-b- {^-≠k-v ]m-b°-v G-sd- {]-tbm- - - -v P--I-c-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂pw- `m-c-Xn- F-b¿-sS¬- en-an-‰-Uv,- sam-ss_¬- k¿-ho-k- kv,- tI-cf,- No-^v- Hm-∏td-‰nw-Kv- Hm-^o-k¿- B-µv- A-tdm-d- ]-d™p.- - - - -v - -v {]-h¿-Ø-w- Xp-S-ßn- U-_nƒ- tSm-°v- ssSw- Hm-^-dp-am-bn- cmPy-sØ- {]-ap-J- sS-en-tImw- I-ºn-bm-b- F-b¿- - sk¬- tI-cfØn¬- Pn.-Fkv.Fw- sam-ss_¬- k¿-ho- - - - - - ≠n- H-t´-sd- ]p-Xp-abp-≈- tk-h߃- B-hn-jIcn-®n- - - - ´p-≠v.- Pn.-]n.-B¿.-Fkv- t^m-Wp-Iƒ-°v- th-≠n- a-ebm- - v- - - dn-e-b≥-kv- Pn-F-kv-Fw- kv- B-cw-`n-®p.- s^-{_p-hcn- ]-Øn- - f-Øn-ep-≈- t]m¿-´¬- t]-Pv- I-º-n- X-bm-dm-°n.- Kƒ- dn-eb≥-k-v I-ayq-Wn-t°-j≥-k-v Pn-FkFw- sse-^-v ssSw- Hm-^¿- Iq-Sp-X¬- - - -v m-bn-cp-∂p- Xp-S°w.- - ^n-te-°-v G-‰hpw- Ip-d™- Xm-cn- - - B-I¿-jIam-°n.- I-Ãa¿- F-Ik]o-cn-b≥-kv- t{]m-{Km-an¬- C-t∏mƒ- e-`y-am-Ip- - - - v- v- 160 e-£Øn-e[n-Iw- D-]tbm- - - - ^m-Wv- tI-c-f-Øn-se- D-]-tbm- ∂- kvIo-an-eq-sS- U-_nƒ- tSm-°v- ssS-am-Wv- ¬-Ip-∂Xv.- - - ‡m-°fp-≈- cm-Py-sØ- A-©m- - ‡m-°ƒ-°-v F-b¿-sk¬- ¬-Ip- ]p-Xn-b- Hm-^¿- {]-Im-cw- am¿-®v- 31 h-sc-bp-≈- F-√m- do-Nm¿-Pn-epw- U-_nƒ- a-sØ- sam-ss_¬- tk-h-- Zm- ∂-X.v - tSm-°vssSw- e-`y-am-Wv.- m-ev- cq-]bp-sS- Zn-htk-bp-≈- tSm-°v- ssSw- s{I-Un-‰v- - - - - Xm-°fm-b- F-b¿-sk-√n-s‚- 11˛m-asØ- k¿-°n-fm-W-v tI- - - tI-cfØn-se-bpw- X-an-gvm-´n-se-bpw- D-]tbm-‡m- - - - - 90 Zn-hkw- h-sc- D-≠m-bn-cn-°pw.- C-Xn-eq-sS- 360 cq-]bp-sS- tSm-°v- ssS-am-Wv- B- - - c-fw.- Cu- h¿-jw- A-hkm-tØm-sS- cm-Py-sØ- F-√m- - - °-sf- _-‘n-∏n-°p-∂- {]-tXy-I- πm-p-I-fpw- F-b¿- sI- e-`y-am-Ip-∂X.v - - k¿-°n-fp-Ifn-te-°pw- F-b¿-sk¬- km-∂n-[yw- hym-]n- - sk¬- {]-Jym-]n-®n-´p-≠v.- tI-cfØn-se-bpw- X-an-gm-´n- - - v- n-e-hn-ep-≈- D-]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- sse-^v- ssSw- hm-en-Un-‰n-bpw- U-_nƒ- ∏n-°p-sa-∂-v I-ºn-bp-sS- No-^-v Hm-∏td-‰nw-K-v Hm-^o-k¿- - - se-bpw- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- 50 ss]-kbv°v- ]-ckv]- - - - - - tSm-°v- s_-n-^n-‰pw- e-`n-°p-hm≥- 26 cq-]-bp-sS- {]-tXy-I- hu-®¿- D-]-tbm-Kn- Kp¿-±o-]-v knw-K-v ]-d™p-- cw- hn-fn-°m-hp-∂- ]-≤Xn-bpw- ku-Py- tdm-anw-Kpw- C- - - ®m¬- a-Xn-bm-Ipw.- 500 tem-°¬- F-kFw-Fk-v A-b°p-hm≥- km-[n-°p-∂- 32 cq- -v - - F-b¿-sk¬- tI-cfØn-se- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°-v th- - - - Xn¬- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-∂p.- ]- hn-e- h-cp-∂- F-kFw-Fkv- ]m-°pw- C-tXm-sSm-∏w- A-hXcn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.- v- - - - Im-bn-Iw- bq-Øv- thm-fn-:- ]p-cp-j-˛-h-n-Xm- hn-`m-K-ß-fn¬- tI-c-fw- 35˛mw- tZ-io-b- sK-bnw-kv- A¶am-en-bn-se- tÃ-Un-bØn¬- Xn-ßn-n-d™- B-bn-c߃-°p- ap- - - - - ∂n¬- an-∂p-∂- {]-ISw- Im-gNh®- tI-cfØn-s‚- Np-W°p-´n-Iƒ- tZ-io-b- - - v- - - - - - bq-Øv- thm-fn- ]p-cp-j˛hn-Xm- hn-`m-Kßfn¬- In-co-Sw- Nq-Sn.- -- - - - B-th-iw- hm-tm-fw- D-b¿-∂- ss^-¬- a-’cØn¬- n-ehn-ep-≈- Nm- - - - - 2010 ta-bv- H-∂v- ap-X¬ tI-c-f-Øn¬- -S-°p-∂- 35˛-m-a-Xv- Øn-bm-°pw.- hm-´¿- h¿-°vkn¬- ]p-Xn- - 87˛-sK-bnw-kn-se- A-Xve‰n-Ivkv- - - - - ºy-∑m-cm-b- X-an-gm-Sn-s- H-∂n-s-Xn-tc- aq-∂p- sk-‰p-Iƒ-°-v ]-cm-Pbs∏-Sp- -v - - tZ-io-b- sK-bnw-kn-s‚- Xo-bXn- {]-Jym- - b- tÃ-Un-bw- ]-Wn-bpw,- tlm-°n-°v- S-∂- tI-cf- k¿-hIem-im-e- tÃ-Un-bw- - - - Øn- tI-cfw- ]-Xn-sm-∂mw- tZ-io-b- thm-fn-t_mƒ- Nm-ºy≥- jn-∏n-s‚- ]p-cp- - ]n-®p.- 2010 ta-bv- H-∂v- ap-X¬- 14 h-sc- sIm-√w- B-{i-aØv- ]p-Xn-b- tÃ-Un-bw- C-t∏mƒ- A-‰Ip-‰∏Wn-Iƒ- -SØn- X- - - - - - bm-Wv- tZ-io-b- sK-bnw-kv- -S°p-I.- Xn- - cp-h¥]p-cw,- sIm-®n,- tIm-gn-t°m-S-v F- - - - ∂n-hbm-bn-cn-°pw- sK-bnw-kn-s‚- {]-[m- - -th-Zn-Iƒ.- tZ-io-b- sK-bnw-kn-s‚- -S- Øn-∏n-m-bn- 600 tIm-Sn-bp-sS- {]-tXy- I- ]-≤Xn-°pw- cq-]w- ¬-In-bXm-bn- a- - - {¥n- Fw.-hn-P-b-Ip-am-dpw- C-¥y≥- H-fn- ºn-Iv- A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥- {]-kn-U-‚ v- kp-tc-jv- I¬-am-Un-bpw- A-dn-bn-®p.- 2010 H-Iv-tSm-_-dn¬- C-¥y-bn¬- - S-°p-∂- tIm-a¨- sh¬-Øv- sK-bnw-kn- - p-≈- C-¥y≥- So-an-s- sX-cs™-Sp-°p- - ∂-Xn-p-≈- a-’cw- F-∂- n-ebn¬- tZ- - - io-b- sK-bnw-kn-v- k-hn-ti-j- {]m-[m- y-ap-s≠-∂-v I¬-am-Un- ]-d™p.- K-h¿- - W¿- c-£m-[n-Im-cn-bm-bpw- ap-Jy-a-{¥n- sN-b¿-am-m-bpw- kw-Lm-SI- k-an-Xn-°p-- cq-]w- sIm-Sp-Øp.- tI-c-f-Øn-se- m-j-W¬- sK-bnw- kn¬- d-Kv-_n,- tem-¨-t_mƒ,- s-‰v- t_mƒ- C-߃- Iq-Sn- a-’cØn¬- Dƒ- - - - s∏-Sp-Øpw.- _o-®-v lm≥-U-v t_m-fp-ap-≠.v - I-f-cn-bpw- h-≈w-I-fn-bpw- {]-Z¿-i-- C- -ß-fm-°pw.- 2010˛-se- sK-bnw-kn-s‚- {]-tXy-I- {]m-[m-yw- I-W°n-se-Sp-Ø-v - A-Sn-ÿm-- ku-Icy-߃- hn-Ikn-∏n-- - °p-∂Xn--v Iq-Sp-X¬- tI-{µ-klm-bw- e- - - `n-°p-hm≥- C-Sbp-s≠-∂-v I¬-am-Un- kq- - j-hn-`m-Kw- In-co-Sw- I-cÿam-°n.- kvtIm¿- 19˛-25,- 25˛-18,- 25˛-20,- 25˛-17.- - - - Nn-∏n-®p.- F-∂m¬,- tI-{µ-k-lm-bw- h- h-n-X- hn-`m-Kw- ss^-¬- a-’cØn¬- tI-cfw- t-cn-´p-≈- sk-‰p-Iƒ- - - - cp-∂Xn-p- Im-Øn-cn-°m-sX- ]-Wn-Ifp- - - °v- X-an-gvm-Sn-s-bm-Wv- X-d]‰n-®Xv.- kvtIm¿-:- 25˛-14,- 25˛-9,- 25˛-12.- - - - - - am-bn- ap-t∂m-´p- t]m-Ip-sa-∂v- a-{¥n- A- an-Ihp-‰- kvam-jp-Ifpw- Ir-Xy-Xbm¿-∂- sπ-bvknw-Kp-Ifpw- D-d®- {]-Xn- - - - - - - - dn-bn-®p.- A-Xn-p-th-≠n- _-P-‰n¬- {]- h-cpw.- C-t∏m-g-sØ- tÃ-Un-b-tØm-Sv- øm-dm-°n- I-gn-™p.- sK-bnw-kn-p- th- tcm-[hpw- Xo¿-Ø-v tI-cf- Xm-c߃- I-fw- hm-Wt∏mƒ- F-Xn-cm-fn-Iƒ-°-v ap- - - - - tXy-I- hn-ln-Xw- h-b°pw.- v- tN¿-∂v- C≥-tUm¿- tÃ-Un-b-hpw- n¿- ≠- F-√m- ku-Icy-ßfpw- Ir-Xy-kab- - - - - ∂n¬- tXm¬-hn-b√m-sX- a-‰p- am¿-Kan-√m-bn-cp-∂p.- tI-cf- n-cbn¬- _n.- ku- - - - - n-ehn-ep-≈- kw-hn-[m-߃- -∂m- - - Ωn-°pw.- sIm-®n-bn¬- k-l-I-c-W- sa- Øv- X-bm-dm-Ip-sa-∂-v a-{¥n- hn-PbIp-am- - - ay,- F≥.-]n- _n-Pn-,- Zo-]n-I- _m-_p-cm-Pv,- A-n-e- k-°dn-bm-kv- F-∂n-hcm- - - °p-Ibpw- ]p-Xn-bh- ]-Wn-bp-Ibp-am-W-v - - - Un-°¬- tIm-fPn¬- C≥-tUm¿- tÃ-Un- - dpw- A-dn-bn-®p.- H-cp- h¿-jw- sIm-≠p- km- Wv- Xn-fßn-bX.v - I-gn-™- h¿-jsØ- Nm-ºy≥- jn-∏n¬- C-cp-hn-`m-KØn-epw- - - - - e-£yw.- D-Zv-Lm-S-,- k-am-]-- N-S-ßp- bw,- jq-´nw-Kv- td-©v,- Xr-»q-cn¬- ssk- [n-°p-tam- F-∂p- tNm-Zy-Øn--v C-Xn-epw- d-tÆ-gvkv- A-∏m-bn-cp-∂- tI-cfw- C-ØhW- C-cp-hn-`m-KØn-epw- P-bn-®p- I- - - - - - Iƒ-°m-bn- Im-cy-h´Ø-v bp-Wn-th-gkn- - - -v °n¬- sh-tem-t{Umw- tIm-gn-t°m-S-v tIm- Ip-d-™- k-a-bw- sIm-≠m-Wv- ]q-s- b-dn- N-cn-{Xw- kr-jSn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- -v - ‰n- Im-ºkn¬- ]p-Xn-b- tÃ-Un-bw- D-≠m- - ´-∏-d-ºn¬- C≥-tUm¿- tÃ-Un-bw- Xp-S- bn¬- ku-Icy-߃- D-≠m-°n-bsX-∂v- - - °pw.- ]n-c∏≥-tIm-S-v n-¥¬-°p-fw- ]q¿- - ßn-bh- n¿-Ωn-°pw.- - I¬-am-Un- ]-d™p.--
  • 8. cmyk 8 Im-gv-N- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 A-—-pw- a-I-pw- ]-c-kv-]-cw- B-cm-[n-°p-∂- quot;-Um-Un- Iqƒ-'- A—s- ho-cm-bIm-bn- k-¶ev]n-®v- B- - - - - - - - cy≥- bp.-Fkv.F,- B¬-hn≥- B-‚Wn- F-∂n-h¿- - - - Zn-bp-sS- A-`n-am-hm-°p-Iƒ- B-sc-bm-Wv- B-th- - Im-itØm-fw- B-cm-[n-°p-∂- G-gp-hbkp-Im-cm- - - - - tN¿-∂-v n¿-an-°p-∂- Um-Un-Iqƒ- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn¬- iw- sIm-≈n-°m-ØX.v - A-NOs‚- k-lm-btØm- - -v - - b- a-I≥.- C-{X-bpw- sN-dp-∏Øn¬- B-sc-bpw- A-Zv- - Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn-se- {]-ikX- Xm-cw- dn-®- ]-t√m-S-v - -v sS- A-Ωsb- {]-Xn-tcm-[n-°p-Isb-∂Xpw- B-Zn-bp- - - - `p-Xs∏-Sp-Øp-∂- a-Is‚- A-]m-cam-b- I-gn-hn¬- a- - - - a-Ωq-´n-bp-sS- m-bn-Ibm-bn- {]-Xy-£s∏-Sp-∂p.- _m-- - sS- ÿn-cw- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifn¬-s]-´Xm-Wv.- - - ‰p-≈hcp-sS- ap-∂n¬- A-`n-am-n-°p-∂- t]m-eo-kv- - - e-Xm-c-am-bn- F-Øn-b- apw- a-Is-°p-dn-®-v B-‚Wn- - - Hm-^o-kdm-b- A-—≥.- - ss_-°m-cn- dn-®- ln-µn-˛- X- ssk-aWv- A-`n-am-n-°m≥-- Cu- A-NOs‚-bpw- a-Is‚-bpw- ]-ck]cap-≈- -v - - - -v - - an-g˛- sX-ep-¶-v F-∂o- `m-jm- -v h-Ibp-≈- Im-cy-ßfm-W-v ]- - - B-cm-[bp-sS-bpw- kvt-lØn-s‚-bpw- ]-cn-[n- F- - - - - Nn-{X-ß-fn¬- A-`n--b-]m- d-bm-p-≈X.v - -t∂- sN-dp-∏- - {X-tØm-fam-bn-cn-°pw-?- F-{X-mƒ- B-bn-cn-°pw-?- - S-hw- {]-I-S-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v.- Øn¬- H-cp- Ip-´n-°v- sN-øm- D-Øcw- ap≥-Iq-´n- {]-hNn-°m≥- km-[y-a√m-Ø- km- - - - hn-Pbn-s‚- jm-Plm-n¬- - - hp-∂Xn-epw- Nn-¥n-°m-hp-∂- - l-Ncy-Øn¬- Cu- A-—s‚-bpw- a-Is‚-bpw- Km-V- - - - A-`n-bn-®- dn-®- A-dn-bs∏- - - Xn-epw- ao-sX-bm-W-v B-Zn-bp- _-‘w- A-Xn-cp-hn-Sp-tºmƒ- D-≠m-Ip-∂- {]-iß- -v - Sp-∂- tam-U-ep-am-Wv.- dn-®- sS- ÿm-w- F-∂p-]d™v- - - fpw- A-Xp-aq-ew- Ip-Spw-_Po-hn-XØn-ep-≠m-Ip-∂- am- - - bp-sS- B-Zy- a-ebm-fNn-{X- - - A-NO≥- B-Zn-sb-°p-dn-®v- v- ‰-ßfpw- lr-Zbk]¿-in-bm-bn- Zr-iy-hXIcn-°m≥- - - - -v - -v - am-W-v Um-Un- Iqƒ.- (Um-Un- ]p-IgØn- ]-dbp-tºmƒ- ap- - -v - H-cp-ßp-∂- Nn-{X-am-W-v Um-Un-Iqƒ.- Iq-fn¬- dn-®- ]-t√m-Sv- A-`n- J-Øv- {]-I-S-am-Ip-∂- k- {]-ikX- kw-hn-[m-bI≥- I-aen-s‚- in-jy-m- - -v - - -bn-°p-∂- hn-hcw- t{Im-k-v - t¥m-jw- hm-°p-Iƒ-°-v A- tdm-Uv- 2008 Un-kw-_¿- Xo-Xam-W.v - - 15˛-31 e-°Øn¬- {]-kn-≤o- - A-NO≥- a-Is‚- B-cm- -v - I-cn-®n-cp-∂p.-)- [-Im-W.v - a-I≥- A-NOs‚- - -v - _n-Pp- ta-tm≥,- I-em- B-cm-[Im-W.v - Cu- ]-ck-v - - - `-h≥- a-Wn,- km-bIp-am¿,- hn-Pbcm-Lh≥,- kp-cm- -v - - - ]-c- B-cm-[bn¬- Po-hn-°p-∂- A-NOs‚-bpw- a- - - -v - Pv- sh-™m-dΩq-S,v - A-q-]-v N-{µ≥,- ]n.- {io-Ip-am¿,- - I-s‚-bpw- I-W°p-Iq-´ep-Iƒ- sX-‰n-®p-sIm-≠v- H- - - _m-_p-cm-Pv,- hn-m-bI≥,- Um-n-b¬- _m-em-Pn,- - cp-mƒ- Nn-e- bm-Ym¿-Yy-߃- Xn-cn-®dn-bp-Ibm-W.v - - - cm-[n-I- Xp-Sßn-bhcm-Wv- a-‰v- {]-[m-- A-`n-t-Xm- - - - Xp-S¿-∂p-≈- kw-`h_lp-eam-b- ap-lq¿-Øßfm- - - - - - - °ƒ.- Wv- Um-Un- Iqƒ- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn¬- B-jn-Iv- A- B-‚Wn- ssk-a¨- ss{Iw- {_m-©-v k¿-°nƒ- - - _p- Nn-{Xo-Icn-°p-∂X.v - - - C≥-ks]-ISdm-W.v - km-[m-cW°m-c.v - G-gp-hb- -v -v - - - - - A-n¬- ]-®q-cm≥,- k-t¥m-j-v h¿-a,- -hm-K- - kp-≈- a-Ip-≠v.- B-Zn- B-‚Wn.- A-Ωtb-°mƒ- - - - X-m-b- B¿.- th-Wp-tKm-]m¬- F-∂n-hcp-sS- h-cn- - B-Zn-°-v A-—tm-Sm-W-v C-jSw.- C-hcp-sS- Cu- A- - -v - Iƒ-°v- _n-Pn-_m¬- Cu-Ww- ]-Icp-∂p.- _n-K_n- - v- kq-bm-hlam-b- A-Sp-∏w- Im-Wp-tºmƒ- A-Ωbm- - - - bn-eq-sS- {i-t≤-bm-b- k-ao¿- Xm-ln¿- Om-bm-{K- - b- B-n- B-‚-Wn- ]-e-t∏m-gpw- ]-cn-`-hw- {]-I-Sn- l-Ww- n¿-hln-°p-∂p.- _n-]n≥- N-{µ-m-Wv- kw- - ∏n-°pw.- h-fsc- k-¥p-jvSam-b- Ip-Spw-_Po-hn-Xw- - - - - `m-jWsa-gp-Xp-∂X.v - - - - -bn-°p-Ibm-W- B-‚Wn- ssk-a¨.- - - - I-e˛- kp-tc-j-v sIm-√w,- ta-°∏˛- Pn-tP-j,v - tIm- - - -v B-Zn-sb- kw-_‘n-®n-StØm-fw- tem-IØ-v H- - - - Ãyqw- Un-ssk-¿-˛- k-ao-d- k-o-j,v - Ãn¬-k˛- jm- -v cp- lo-tdm- am-{X-ta-bp-≈p.- kz-¥w- A-NO≥.- t]m- -v n,- ]-cky-Ie˛- ]-∏m-b,- A-tkm-kn-tb-‰v- U-bd- - - - - b- B-jn-I-v A-_p- Xn-c°Ysb-gp-Xn- kw-hn-[m-w- - - - eo-k-v Hm-^o-k¿-Iq-Sn-bm-bXn-m¬- kq-∏¿- lo-tdm- - IvS¿-˛- kq-cy≥- Ip-n-ti-cn,- No-^v- A-kn- v- U- - - t{Sm-f¿-˛- k-^o¿- tk-´v,- hm¿-Øm- hn-XcWw-˛- - - sN-øp-∂- Um-Un- Iqƒ- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn¬- A-NO- -v bm-bn- hn-ti-jn-∏n-°p-∂- A-Nv-O-s-°p-dn-®v- F- b-d-Iv-S¿-˛- ssj≥- tSmw- Nm-t°m,- F-Un-‰¿-˛- hn.- F.-Fk-v Zn-t-i.v - {]m-cw-`- {]-h¿-Ø߃- t- - - - m-bn- a-Ωq-´n-bpw- a-Im-bn- am-ÿ- [-⁄bpw- - - - - {X-sb-{X- ho-cIYIfm-W-v Iq-´p-Im-tcm-S-v B-Zn- ]-d- - - - - km-P≥,- ^n-m≥-jy¬- I-¨t{Sm-f¿-˛- A-n¬- A- - c-tØ- Xp-Sßn.- am¿-®v- B-Zy-hm-cw- Nn-{Xo-IcWw- - - - A-`n-bn-°p-∂p.- - bp-∂X.v - A-NOs‚- tXm-fn¬- I-bdn-bn-cp-∂-v C-n- - -v - - ¶-am-en,- s{]m-U£≥- F-Ivkn-Iyq-´o-hv˛- a-tm-Pv- - - - B-cw-`n-°p-∂- Um-Un- Iqƒ- a-cn-°m¿- ^n-enw-kv- A-y- ^n-enw-kn-s‚- _m-dn¬- t_m-k-v Ip- - - F-s∂- B¿-°pw- tXm¬-]n-°m≥- I-gn-bn-s√-∂- B- Im-c¥q¿,- A-eIkv- Ip-cy≥,- s{]m-U£≥- I-¨- - - v- - {]-Z¿-iØn-s-Øn-°pw.- - - r-Ø- kw-hn-[m--hp-am-bn- {io-n-hm-k-pw- {io-tZ-hn-I-bpw- quot;-k-a-b-'-Øn¬- {]-`p-tZ-h- a-e-bm-f-Øn¬ aIs‚- A-—≥,- I-Y- ˛-kw-hn-[m-w- Ip-©m- - - A-Sn-t®m-Sn-°p-∂p.- kw-hn-[m-b-I-pw- sIm-dn- bvX- t]m-°n-cn- G-sd- {i-t≤-bam- - - t°m- F-∂o- Nn-{X-߃-°-v ti-jw- {io-n-hm-k≥- {Km-ahpw- Ip-Spw-_hpw- D-t]-£n-®-v bm-{X- Xp- - - tbm-{Km-^dpw- -Sp-sam-s°-bm- - - bn-cp-∂p.- C-t∏mƒ- t]m-°n-cn-bp-sS- {]-[m-- I-Ym-]m-{X-am-bn- A-`n-bn-°p-∂- Nn-{X- - S-ßn-b- Nm-Ø-∏≥- h-gn-b-cn-In¬- sh-®v- X-ß- b- {]-`p-tZ-h- a-e-bm-f- kn-n-a- ln-µn- do-ta-°-v k¬-am-s- m-b- am-W-v quot;-kabw-'.- tdm-b¬- B¿-Skn-s‚- _m-dn¬- - - -v - sf- Im-Wp-∂p.- Pm-ehn-Zy-°m-cm-b- X-ßfp-sS- - - - bn¬.- tIm-´bØ-v Nn-{Xo-IcWw- - - - - I-m-°n- kw-hn-[m-w- sN-øm≥- H- -hm-KXm-b- k-Xn-j-v s]m-Xp-hmƒ- Xn-c°Ysb- - - - - - k-lm-bØm¬- Nm-Ø∏≥- {]-Xn-aIfp-≠m-°n- - - - - -S°p-∂- quot;-t_m-Un- Km¿-Uv'- F- - - cp-ßp-Ibm-W-v {]-`p-tZ-h.- - gp-Xn- kw-hn-[m-w- sN-øp-∂- k-abw- F-∂- Nn-{X- - ho-Sp-hn-Sm-¥cw- hn¬-°m≥- sIm-≠p- t]m-Ip-∂p.- - ∂- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- r-Ø- kw-hn-[m- F-∂m¬- t]m-°n-cn-°v- ti- Øn¬- {io-tZ-hn-Ibm-Wv- m-bn-I.- - in-e]ßtfm-S-v A-an-X- kvt-lap-≈- X-ºp- -v - - - - b-Im-bn-´m-W-v {]-`p-tZ-h- a-ebm- - - jw- hn-Pbtb-bpw- -b≥-Xm-csb- - - - F-kv.jm-Plm≥- n¿-Ωn-°p-∂- Cu- Nn-{X- - - cm-´n-°p-´n- Nm-Ø∏s‚- in-e]߃- I-≠-v sIm- - - -v - f-Øn-se-Øn¬- bpw- tPm-Un-Ifm- - Øn¬- s-Sp-ap-Sn- th-Wp,- hn-Pbcm-Lh≥,- in-h- - - - ´m-cØn-te-°v- £-Wn-°p-∂p.- sIm-´m-cØn-se- - - ho-≠p-sa-Øn-bn- °n- kw-hn-[m-w- Pn- Kp-cp-hm-bq¿,- kn.-sI- _m-_p,- A-_p- k-enw,- Øn-b- Nm-Ø∏≥- X-ºp-cm-´n-bp-sS- in-e]߃- - v- - cn-°p-∂X.v - - sN-bX- hn-√-v Im- -v hm-h®≥,- tPm-_n,- Sn.-Pn- c-hn- am-ÿ- K-W]Xn,- - - - I-≠v- A-¤p-Xs∏-Sp-∂p.- H-cp- in-ev]n-sb- I-≠- - - kn-±n-Jv- kw- cy-am-bn- {i-≤n-°- _m-ep- sP-bnw-k,v - Ir-],- tiz-X- ta-tm≥,- Ko-Xm- t∏mƒ- X-ºp-cm-´n-bn-ep-≈- `m-ham-‰w- I-≠-v sIm- - hn-[m-w- sN-øp- s∏-´n-√.- -S≥- Iq- hn-Pb≥,- c-am-tZ-hn,- ko-Øv- Xp-Sßn-bh¿- hn- - - - - ´m-cw- A-t¥-hm-kn-Iƒ- Nm-Ø-∏-s- sIm-´m-c- ∂- Nn-{X-Øn¬- Sn-bm-b- {]-`p-tZ-h- hn-[- I-Ym-]m-{X-ßsf- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂p.-- - - Øn¬- X-s∂- Xm-a-kn-∏n-°p-∂p.- H-∏w- Nm-Ø- -b≥-Xm-c-bpw,- C-t∏mƒ- Ip-sd- I-eßfpw,- a-¨N´n-Ifpw- n¿-Ωn-°p-Ibm-W-v - - - - - - ∏≥- X-ºp-cm-´n-sb- in-e]- kr-jSn-bn¬- k-lm- v- v- Zn-eo-]pw- ]-s¶-Sp- °m-eam-bn- A-`n- - Nm-Ø∏s‚- tPm-en.- A-X-v A-bm-fp-sS- Ip-esØm- - - - bn-°p-Ibpw- sN-øp-∂p.- Nm-Ø∏pw- X-ºp-cm-´n- - - - °p-∂- H-cp- Km-- - b - Ø n¬- n- gn-em-W.v - ]-s£- A-bmƒ-°-v A-Xn¬- h-en-b- Xm- bpw- ]p-Xn-sbm-cp- tem-ItØ-°-v I-S°p-Ibm-bn- - - - cw-K-Øn-v- r- ∂pw- hn-´p- n¬- Xv]cy-an-√.- A-dn-bs∏-Sp-∂- in-e]n-Ibm-IWsa- - - - -v - - - cp-∂p.- {]-WbØn-s‚- cp-Nn-bpw- n-dhp-ap-≈- B- - - - Ø-®p-hSp-Isfm- - - °p-Ibm-W.v - - ∂- tam-lam-W-v Nm-Ø∏s‚- a-kn¬.- A-Xp-sIm- - - - - tem-IsØ-Øn-b- A-hcp-sS- Po-hn-XØn-ep-≠m- - - - cp-°n-b-Xv- {]-`p- Iym-º-kv- ≠v- X-s‚- `m-cy-bpw- a-°-fpw- a-‰p- k-ap-Zm-b-°m- Ip-∂- am-‰ßfm-Wv- k-abw- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn¬- - - - tZ-hbm-W.v - tIm- - A-¥-co-£n-Øn- cpw- H-‰-s°-´m-bn- tPm-en- sN-øp-tºmƒ- Nm-Ø- k-Xo-j-v s]m-Xp-hmƒ- Zr-iy-hXIcn-°p-∂X.v - - -v - - ´-bw- kn.-Fw.-F- ep-≈- I-f¿-^pƒ- ∏≥- H-∂pw- sN-øm-sX- D-g-∏n--S-°p-I-bm-Wv- ]- Nm-Ø∏m-bn- {io-n-hm-kpw- X-ßfm-bn- - - - - kv- tIm-f-Pn-em- tkmw-K-v B-bXn- - Xn-h.v - s-Sp-ap-Sn- th-Wp-hpw- X-ºp-cm-´n-bm-bn- {io-tZ-hn- bn-cp-∂p- r-Ø- m-em-Wv- sIm-dn- ]-s£- H-cn-°¬- ss`-ch≥- F-s∂m-cmƒ- B- - I-bpw- A-`n-bn-°p-∂p.- A-n¬-]®q-cm≥- F- - - - cw-Kw- Nn-{Xo-Icn- - tbm- { Km- ^ n- ° v - {Km-aØn¬- h-∂v- Nm-Ø∏tm-Sv- in-ev]߃- D- - - - - - gp-Xn-b- h-cn-Iƒ-°v- ssI-X{]w- kw-Ko-X- kw-hn- - ®-X.v - th-≠n- {]-`p-tZ-h- ≠m-°m≥- B-hiy-s∏-´p.- h-fsc- B-th-itØm- - - - [m-w- n¿-hln-°p-∂p.- Om-bm-{K-lWw- ˛- hn- - - a-e-bm-f-Øn¬- tPm-Wn- hm- sb- k-ao-]n-®-sX-∂v- t_m-Un- sS- Nm-Ø∏≥- X-s‚- I-em-kr-jSn-bn-te-°v- I-S- - v- ]n≥- tam-l≥,- I-e- ˛- {io-n,- Ãn¬-kv- ˛- Fw.- °¿- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn-p- th-≠n- Km¿-Un-s‚- A-Wn-bd- {]-h¿-Ø- - ∂p.- F-∂m¬- A-Xn-s- Xp-S¿-∂v- {Km-aØn¬- D- - sI- tam-l≥,- s{]m-U£≥- I-¨t{Sm-f¿- ˛- B- - - - C-Xn-p-ap-ºpw- {]-`p-tZ-h- r-Ø- I¿- ]-d™p.- Cu- Km-cw-KtØm- - - - ≠m-b- Zp-c¥ßƒ-°-v Im-cWw- A-y-m-´n¬- n- - - - -µv- ]-ø-∂q¿,- hn-X-c-Ww- ˛- tdm-b¬- B¿-´v-kv- kw-hn-[m-w- -SØn-bn-´p-≠v.- - Sp-Iq-Sn- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- B-Zy- sj- ∂pw- F-Øn-b- ss`-c-h-pw- A-bm-sf- k-lm-bn- dn-eo-kv.- s^-{_p-hcn- A-hkm-w- Nn-{Xw- {]-Z¿- - - X-an-gn¬- hn-Pbn-s- m-bI- - - Uyqƒ- ]q¿-Øn-bm-bn.- ®- Nm-Ø∏p-am-sW-∂-v B-tcm-]n-®-v C-cp-hsc-bpw- - - - i-Øn-s-Øpw.- - m-°n- {]-`p-tZ-h- kw-hn-[m-w- sN- kzm-Xn- `m-kv-I-dn-s‚- quot;-I-d≥-kn-'- kzm-Xn- `m-kI¿- c-Nbpw- kw- -v - - c-Ø-v Nn-{Xo-Icn-®p.- - F-∂m¬- tI-ip-hn-v- {]m-bam-bn-- W-sa-Øn- Xp-Sßn.- n-basØ-bpw- n- - - - hn-[m-hpw- n¿-hln-°p-∂- quot;-Id≥-kn- - - - tI-ip- F-∂- I-Ym-]m-{X-sØ-bm- ´pw- Im-cy-am-bn- sXm-gn-sem-∂pw- e-`n- b-a]m-eIsc-bpw- sh-√p-hn-fn-®p-sIm- - - - '- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- c-≠mw- L-´- Nn- Wv- P-b-kq-cy- Nn-{X-Øn¬- A-h-X-cn- ®n-√.- F-∂m¬- _p-≤n-ap-´p-Isfm-∂pw- - ≠m-Wv- tI-ip-hpw- Um-n- km-bn-∏pw- {Xo-IcWw- sIm-®n-bn¬- B-cw-`n-®p.- P- - - ∏n-°p-∂X.v - kp-`{Z- X-ºp-cm-´n-bm-W-v tI- - - kp-`{Z- tI-ip-hn-s- A-dn-bn-®n-cp-∂n-√.- - ]-Wap-WSm-°n-bn-cp-∂X.v - - -v - b-kq-cy,- ap-tI-j,v - I-em-`h≥- a-Wn- F- - ip-hn-s‚- A-Ω.- h-en-b- Ip-Spw-_Øn- - F-∂m¬- Xm-akn-bm-sX- kp-`{Z- am-c- - - Um-n- km-bn-∏v- B-cm-sW-t∂m,- ∂n-hcm-Wv- {]-[m-- th-jßfn¬- A- - - - se- Aw-Kam-bn-cp-∂n-´pw- km-ln-Xy-Im- - I- tcm-KØn--v A-Sn-abm-bn.- A-Ωsb- - - - F-¥m-sW-t∂m- B¿-°pw- A-dn-bp-am- `n-bn-°p-∂Xv.- ao-cm-µm-Wv- Nn-{X- - - - - c-m-b- in-htm-sSm-∏w- kp-`{Z- C-dßn- - - - kw-c£n-°m-p-≈- ]-c°w- ]m-®n-en¬- - - bn-cp-∂n-√.- F-∂m¬- F-√m-h¿-°pw- A- Øn-se- m-bn-I.- t∏m-cp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- F-∂m¬- tI-ip- - tI-ip- sN-∂p- s]-Sp-∂Xv- A-]ISam- - - - - bm-sf- `-bam-bn-cp-∂p.- B-cpw- A-dn-bm- - Nn-{X-Øn¬- P-bkq-cy-bp-sS- A-Ω- - P-n-®Xn-p- ti-jw- in-h≥- kp-`{Z-sb- - - sbm-cp- sI-Wn-bn-te-°m-Wv.- Um-n- Ø- hn-[Øn-ep-≈- Nn-e- {]-h¿-Øß- - - - bm-bn- A-`n--bn-°p-∂-Xv- -Sn- ko-X- hn-´p- t]m-bn.- A-tXm-sS- A-Ω-bpw- a- km-bn-∏n-p- ap-ºn-em-W-v tI-ip- F-Øn- fm-bn-cp-∂p- Um-n- km-bn-∏n-t‚-X.v - C-hn- bm-Wv.- C-h¿- ]-s¶-Sp-Ø- cw-K-߃- I-pw- am-{X-am-bn.- kp-`{Z- h-fsc- I-jv- - - s∏-Sp-∂X.v - Um-n- km-bn-∏p-am-bn- tN¿- - sS- ap-Xem-W-v I-d≥-kn- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn- - sIm-®n- G-eq-cn-se- ^m-ISn-s‚- ]-cn-k- -v S-s∏-´m-W-v tI-ip-hn-s- h-f¿-Øn-bX.v - - ∂-t∏mƒ- tI-ip-hn-s‚- ssI-bn-epw- ]- s‚- I-Ybn¬- am-‰ßƒ- Xp-Sßp-∂X.v - - - - - cmyk
  • 9. cmyk Im-e-n-Iw- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 9 t{Im-kv-tdm-Un-s-°p-dn-®p-≈- hn-h-c-߃- ssI-am-dp-∂p- tkm-jy¬- s-‰v-h¿-°p-I-fn-epw- N¿-®m-hn-j-bw- t{Imktdm-Un-se- hn- - v- tcm-sSm-∏w- t{Im-ktdm-U-v Hm-¨- -v Iw-]yq-´dp-Ifn¬- hm-bn-°m-sa- - - kv-tdm-Uv- tem-I-sa-ºm-Sp-ap-≈- hm-bn-°mw.- ku-P-y-am-bn- `-h˛hn-hcßfp-sS- ssI-am-‰w- -- - - - sse≥- hm-b--°m-cp-sS- F-Æ- ∂p-≈Xv- h-fsc- A-p-{K-lam- - - - hm-b--°m¿-°v- hm-bn-°m-m- Uu-¨tem-U-v sN-øm-hp-∂- H- - bp-h-P--߃- kz-bw- tkm- hpw- h¿-[n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm- - sW-∂v- hn-tZ-i- cm-Py-ß-fn¬- Ipw.- ]p-Xn-b- e-°-߃- h-cp- cp- tkm-^‰sh-b¿- B-Wv- A- v- v- jy¬- s-‰vh¿-°p-Ifn-eq-sS- - - Wv.- Xm-akn-°p-∂- a-ebm-fn-Iƒ- A- - - tºmƒ- ]-gbh- B¿-°ssh-kn- - - - tUm-_-v do-U¿.- ^pƒ- sS-IÃ-v -v -SØp-∂X-v Cu- {]-kn-≤o-I- - - t{Im-kv-tdm-Uv- ssZz-hm-cn-I- dn-bn-°m-dp-≠v.- do-Un-kv-I-h¿- te-°p- am-‰pw.- A-hn-sS- n-∂p- F- C-eIt{Sm-Wn-I-v tP¿-Wep-Iƒ- - -v - c-WtØm-S-v A-t-I¿-°p-≈- - Sp-Øp- ]n-∂o-Spw- hm-bn-°m≥- tem-I-hym-]-I-am-bn- km-[m-c- Xm-Xv-]-cyw- hy-‡-am-Ip-∂p.- ku-Icy-ap-≠.v - G-Xp- k-abØpw- - - - W- hm-bn-°s∏-Sp-∂Xv- ]n-Un- - - Hm¿-°p-´n-eq-sS-bpw- C-_n- F-Un-t‰-gv-kv- tm-´v- F-hn-sS-bn-cp-∂pw- hm-bn-°m-sa- F-^n-em-W.v - t_m-bn-eq-sS-bpw- a-‰p-am-Wv- ∂p-≈Xp- sIm-≠v- hm-b°m¿- - - - A-`n-{]m-bßfpw- n¿-tZ-i- - - t{Im-kvtdm-Un-se- hn-`hß- - - - A-tX- t]m-se-X-s∂- t]-Pv- hn- tI-cf- tUm-´-v tImw- F-∂- sh- - °v- t{Im-ktdm-U-v -jSs∏-Sn-√.- -v -v - ß-fpw- A-dn-bn-°p-I.- I-Øp- sf-°p-dn-®p-≈- N¿-®- -S°p- - ym-kØn¬- tem-IØ-v F-hn-tS- _v-ssk-‰n-em-Wv- t{Im-kv-tdm- - - kz-¥w- Iw-]yq-´dn¬- Uu-¨tem- - - Iƒ- F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-h-v F-Un-‰¿,- -v ∂-X.v - C-_n-t_m- (sF- _n¬- bpw- C-‚¿-s-‰v- I-W£≥- D-≈- Uv- ]-Xn-∏p-Iƒ- C-t∏mƒ- {]-kn- - Uv- sN-bXv- kq-£n-®p-hb°p-I- v- - v- t{Im-ktdm-U,v - t]m-Ã-v t_m-I-v -v Uv- sF- t_m-≠v-)-˛-bn¬- sa- bp-am-Imw.- G-Xp- t]-Ppw- B-h- kv- -º¿-:- 4238,- sN-dp-]p-j]w- v- tk-P-v ^vfm-j-v sN-øp-∂- quot;-sF- - iym-p-k-c-Ww- {]n-‚ v- sN-ømw.- se-bn≥,- I-eq¿- ]n.-H.,- sIm-®n- kv{Iow-'- hn≥-tUm-bn¬- t{Im- - ≤o-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv.- sh-_v- hn-em- k-abw- In-´p-tºmƒ- hm-bn-°mw.- - ˛-682017,- tI-cfw,- C-¥y- F-∂- - kvtdm-Un-v- ]-ckyw- -evIp- - - - kw-:- www.rediscover kerala.com.- ]n-Un-F-^v- (t]m¿-´-_nƒ- hn-em-kØn¬- A-b°mw.- - - ∂- X-c-Øn-ep-≈- k-tµ-i- tlmw- t]-P-v Xp-d∂m-ep-S≥- t{Im- - tUm-Iyp-sa-‚ v- t^m¿-am-‰v)- cq-]- - C- s a- b n¬- : - editor.crossroad ߃- {]-Xy-£s∏-Sp-∂Xv- ]- - - kvtdm-Uv- G-‰hpw- ]p-Xn-b- ]-Xn- - - Øn-em-Wv- Iw-]yq-´-dn¬- C-‚¿- @gmail.com Xn-hm-bn.- tem-IØn-s‚- hn-hn- - ∏n-s‚- H-∂mw- t]-P-v Im-Wmw.- A- s-‰n-eq-sS- In-´p-∂- t{Im-kvtdm- - [- `m-K-ß-fn-ep-≈-h-cm-Wv- Xn¬- ¢n-°v- sN-bXm¬- t{Im-kv- v- Uv.- A-tUm-_-v hn-Ikn-∏n-®- tUm- - ssa-°nƒ- h¿-Ko-kv- t{Im-ktdm-Un-tm-Sp-≈- Xm-X-v -v tdm-Uv- ]q¿-Wcq-]Øn¬- F-√m- - - Iyp-sa-‚ v- F≥-tIm-Unw-Kv- t{]m- am-t-Pnw-K-v F-Un-‰¿- ]-cyw- C-ßs- C-‚¿-s-‰n-eq- - t]-Pp-Ifpw- h-cpw.- cq-]Øn-epw- D- - - k-k-v B-W-v ]n-Un-F^.v - A-tUm- - sS- {]-ISn-∏n-°p-∂X.v - A-®Sn- - - - ≈-S°Øn-epw- am-‰an-√m-sX- F- - - - _v- do-U¿- C≥-Ãmƒ- sN-bXn-´p- v- tXm-ak-v a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]≈n¬- - - ®- t{Im-ktdm-U-v hm-b°m- -v - - ∂m¬- Iq-Sp-X¬- an-gn-thm-sS- t{Im- ≈- Iw-]yq-´dp-Ifn¬- ]n-Un-F^-v - - - F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-h-v F-Un-‰¿- -v t_m-[w- sI-Sp-Øp-∂- quot;tem-e-n-t]m-∏v '- yq-kn-em-‚ v-˛-C-¥y- IYm-]m-{X-ßfm-W-v I-Y]- - - - H-∂n¬- ]n-g-®m¬- aq-∂v- F- bm-Wv- {^m-t¶m.- F-∂m¬- tdm- em-Wv- Ah-Xcn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv.- - - d-bp-∂- G-sXm-cp- Iem-cq]-Øn- t‚b-pw- I-cp-Øv.- I-Ym-{]-kw-K- ∂m-Wt√m-.- Cu- Zp¿-_eam-bXpw- - - - - Po-hn-X-am-sW-∂v- t{]-£-I-sc- kn-t‚-bpw- F-hn-bp-sS-bpw- ]n-Xm- °-∑m-¿- X-Ωn¬- X-Ωn-ep-≈- i- A-h-km-w- cm-P≥- ]n-.- tZ-hpw- t{]-X-am-bn-s´-Øp-∂p.- P-K-Xn- ]-c-º-c X¬-k-a-b- Øn¬-t∏m-epw- {]m-kw-Kn-I≥- I- s°m-≠-v tXm-∂n-∏n-°m-ØXp-am- - {Xp-X- kz-bw-ad∂v- A-h¿- sI-´n- - - t_m-[w-sI-Sp-∂p.- t{]-£Icpw-- - Ym-]m-{X-ßfpsS- hm-KabNn-{Xw- - c-Nn-®n-s√-¶n¬- A-X-v B-kzm-ZI- -v - - - b- Xp-S°Øn¬-n-∂pw- Xn-c°- - - - Ym-Ir-Øpw- kw-hn-[m-bIpw- - - - bp-b¿-Øn-b- ^vfm-‰n-s‚- D-ZLm- S-- N-Sßn-n-Sbn¬- A-h¿- a-°- - - - v- t_m-[w-sI-Sp-∂p.- A-sXm-∂p-a√- ap-Jy-am-b- {]- - kw-t{]-j-Ww- sc- hn-c-k-X-bn-te-°v- X-≈n-bn- sΩ- Iq-´n-s°m-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xv- fp-sS- hn-hm-ln-iNbw- -SØp- - -v - - iv-w.- B- {]-iv-w- a-e-bm-f- kn- Spw.- Cu- k-mamy- X-Xz-am-W-v jm- - -- {]m-©n- F-∂p- hn-fn-°p-∂- {^m≥- kn-kn-s‚- (P-bkq-cy)- I-S∂ph- - - I-bm-Wv.- F-n-°v- sP-∂n-^dpw- tdm-kn-v- {^mt¶m-bpw.- Cu- tS- - n-abp-sS- X-s∂- {]-iam-W.v - H- - -v - cp- Po-hn-X-sØ- B-hn-jv-I-cn- am-Iv-kn¬-- ^n- B¿.-_n.-Fk-v I-ºbn≥-kn- - - Wn-ßpw- -Ωp-sS- Po-hn-X- °m≥- -Ωp-sS- N-e®n-{X-Im-c∑m¿- - - {In-°‰-v t{]-an-Iƒ-°-v G-sd- Im-Øn-cp-∂- m-jW¬- - - p-th-≠n- kw-hn-[m-w- sN-bX- -v I-≠Xv- - Øn¬- kw-`-hn-°p-∂-Xm-bn- °v- I-gn-bp-∂n-√.- A-ß-s-bp- _m-¶v- yq-kn-em-‚ v-˛-C-¥y- ]-c-º-c- X¬-k-a-bw- kw-t{]- quot;tem-en-t]m-∏'- F-∂- kn-n-abp- v - An¬-Ip-am¿- m-tfm-Øp-Ip-Sn- tXm-∂n-∏n-°m-s-¶n-epw- kw- s≠-¶n¬- am-{X-ta- A-X-v c-kIc- - - j-Ww- sN-øp-∂sa-∂-v am-Ik-v Nm-¬- A-dn-bn-®p.- I-gn-™- - -v sS- Xn-c°Ym-Ir-Ø-v s_-∂n- ]n.- - - hn-[m-b-I-pw- Xn-cn-°-Ym-Ir- am-Iq.- tem-en-t]m-∏v- F-∂- Cu- B-dp- h¿-jØn-n-Sb°v- yq-kn- - - v- m-bcºew- a-d∂p-t]m-bX.v - s]- - - - - - c-hn-te-°m-Wv.- t]m-°‰Sn-°m-c- Øn-pw- I-gn-™n-´n-√.- A-hn-sS- - - kn-n-a-bn¬- A-ß-s- c-k-I-c- em-‚ n-te-°p-≈- C-¥y-bp-sS- B- ߃- sP-∂n-^sd- (tdm-a)- A-Xn- - m-b- {^m≥-kn-kn-s- X-s‚- h¿- h-®-v sP-∂n-^dn-s- B-{K- - Zy- bm-{X-bn-ep-≈- Cu- ]-cºcbn- - - - c-‰p- kvt-ln-°p-∂- {^m-t¶m- (]r- - °vtjm-∏n-se- tPm-en-°m-cm-bn- ln-®p- -S∂- {]m-©n- a-Zy- - - - se- A-©v- G-IZn-a’cßfpw- - - - - - - Yzn-cm-P)- Ahƒ-°n-jSan-√m-Ø- v -v - {^mt¶m- Iq-sS-°q-´p-Ibm-W.v - G- Øn¬- A-s√-¶n¬- tImƒ- - c-≠v- Sz-‚ n-20 a-’-c-hpw- aq-∂v- sS- Xp-sIm-≠p-am-{Xw- tdm-kn-s- (`m- Xp- tIm-Øm-g-Øm-bn-cn-°pw- C- Uv- {Un-¶n¬- a-b°p-s]m- - Ãv- am-®p-Ifpw- kw-t{]-jWw- sN- - - h-)- X-≈n-∏dbp-∂X-v A-Xp-sIm- - - - ß-s-sbm-cp- tS-Wnw-K-v D-≠m-Ip- Sn- I-e¿-Øn- tdm-kn-t- øpw.- s^-{_p-hcn- 25 ap-X¬- G-{]n¬- G-gp- h-sc- F-√m- {In- - ≠m-Wv.- sP-∂n-^-sd- B-sc-¶n- I- F-∂-v t{]-£I¿- n-iz-kn-°p- bpw- F-_n-tb-bpw- H-cp- ap- - °-‰-v t{]-an-Iƒ-°pw- Cu- a¬-kc߃- sse-hm-bn- am-Ikn- - - -v epw- D-]{Z-hn-®m¬- {^m-t¶m- A- - tºm-gm-W-v Ip-©m-t°m- t_-m_- dn-bn-em-°p-∂p.- cm-hn-se- - eq-sS- B-kz-Zn-°mw.- s‚- tUm-Iv-S¿- F-_n- Ip- A-bmƒ- X-s∂- A-h¿- H- DATE START TIME (IST) MATCH & VENUE cp-hn-fbp-sS- I-S∂ph-ch.v - ∂n-®-v i-bn-°p-∂X-v F-√m- - - - - {^m-t¶-m- IqsS- Iq-Sn- h-sc-bpw- Im-Wn-®p-sIm-Sp- Wed. 25 Feb T20 11 am 1st T20I - AMI Stadium, Christchurch b-ti-jw- A-bm-fp-sS- s]- °p-∂p.- Fri. 27 Feb T20 11 am 2nd T20I - Westpac Stadium, Wellington ߃- sP-∂n-^-dn-tm-Sv- _-‘-߃- h-j-fm- Tue. 3 Mar D/N 6 am 1st ODI - McLean Park, Napier {]m-©n-°v- {]-W-bw- D-S- Ip-∂p.- F-_n-bp-sS-bpw- Fri. 6 Mar D/N 6 am 2nd ODI - Westpac Stadium, Wellington se-Sp-°p-∂p-≠v.- ]-t£- tdm-kn-t‚-bpw- hn-hm-l- Sun. 8 Mar D/N 6 am 3rd ODI - AMI Stadium, Christchurch A-hƒ-°-v {]-Wbw- F-_n- n-iv-Nbw,- {]m-©n-bp-sS- - - Wed. 11 Mar D/N 6 am 4th ODI - Seddon Park, Hamilton Ip-cp-hn-ftbm-Sm-W.v - F-_n- bpw- sP-∂n-^-dn-s‚-bpw- - Sat. 14 Mar D/N 6 am 5th ODI - Eden Park, Auckland sb- {^m-t¶m- C-jSs∏-Sp- hn-hm-ln-iNbw-...- A-ß- v- - - -v - Thu.19 – Mon.23 Mar Test 3.15 am 1st Test - Seddon Park, Hamilton ∂n-√ F-∂p- ]-d-™-Xp- s- t]m-Ip-∂p- Im-cy-߃.- Fri. 27 – Tues. 31 Mar Test 3.15 am 2nd Test - McLean Park, Napier sIm-≠-v am-{X-am-W-v sP-∂n- F-∂m¬- a-b°p-s]m-Sn-hn- - Sat. 04 – Wed. 7 April Test 3.15 am 3rd Test - Westpac Stadium, Wellington ^¿- B- B-{K-lw- A-a¿- Zy- {]-tbm-Kn-°m≥- Iq-´p- ko-cn-kn-s‚- A-hXm-cIm-b- Nm-cp- i¿-abs°m-∏w- ap- - - - - -v Øp- ∂ - X v.- F- ∂ m¬- n-∂- I-≈≥- _n-p-°p- c-fn- Im¿-Øn-I,v - Pm-hK¬- {io-m-Y,v - A-cp-¨- em¬- Xp-Sßn- - - sa‚¬- tlm-kv-]n-‰-en¬- ´≥- t]m-eo-kv- ]n-Sn-bn-em-Ip-∂- am-bXv- {`m-¥n-bm-b- A-Ω- X-s‚- - b- {]-K¤cpw- D-≠m-Ipw.- A-tXm-sSm-∏w- c-hn- im-kv{Xn-bp- - - - h-®-v Xm≥- sP-∂n-^dn-s‚- tXm-sS- k-Xyw- sh-f-n-s∏-Sp-∂p.- - a-Isf- tdm-Un¬- D-t]-£n-°p-∂- - sS- X¬-kabhn-hcWhpw- t{]-£I¿-°pw- tIƒ-°mw.- - - - - - - - k-tlm-Z-c--s√-∂v- {^m- {]m-©n-bp-sS- N-Xn- {^m-t¶m- a- Xpw- {^m-t¶m- F-∂- _m-e≥- A- quot;-quot;2002˛-03 ti-jw- -SØp-∂- B-Zy- yq-kn-em-‚ v- bm-{X- - - t¶-mbv°v- ]-dtb-≠n-hcp- - n-em-°p-∂p.- F-∂m¬- sP-∂n- - - - - h-sf- X-s‚- s]-ß-fm-bn- Iq-sS- bpw,- I-gn-™- 40 h¿-j-Øn-n-S-bv-°p- C-Xp-h-sc- C-¥y-bv- ∂p.- {`m-¥n-bm-b- A-Ω- ^-dn-v- h-∂- {^m-t¶m-bp-sS- °q-´p-∂Xp-am-Wv.- quot;A-ßs-bm- - - °v- A-hn-sS- H-cp- ]-c-º-c- hn-P-bn-°m-m-bn-´n-√- F-∂-Xpw- tdm-Un¬- D-t]-£n-°m≥- tImƒ- A-‰‚ -v sN-bX- {^m≥-kn- -v sW-¶n¬- s]-ßf√m-Ø- C-hsf- - - - C-ØhWsØ- a¬-kcØn¬- I-Sp-Ø- t]m-cm-´Øn-p-≈- - - - - - - n-iNbn-®- Ip-™m-bn-cp- kv- Xm≥- ]n-Sn-°s∏-Sm≥- t]m-Ip- v- - - C-{X-bpw-mƒ- Iq-sS- Xm-akn-∏n- - km-[y-bm-W-v Im-Wn-°p-∂X.v - am-Ikn-eq-sS-bp-≈- Cu- X¬- - -v ∂p- A-hsf-∂-v F-_n-tbm- ∂p- F-∂p- a- n-em-°n- sP-∂n- - - ®-Xn-v- R-ßsf-¥p- I-cp-XWw'- - - k-ab- kw-t{]-jWw- B-kzm-ZI¿-°-v -√- H-cp- hn-cp-∂m-Ip- - - - Sv- {^m-t¶m- ]-d-bp-∂p.- C- ^-td-bpw-sIm-≠-v A-hn-sS-n-∂pw- F-∂- F-_n-bp-sS- U-btem-K-v i- - sa-∂m-Wv- {]-Xo-£''- am-Ikn-s‚- F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-hv- ssh-kv- -- v- v- °m-cyw- A-hƒ-°dn-bn-s√- c-£-s∏-Sp-∂p.- H-∂n-®p- Po-hn- - ‡-a√m-sX- t]m-Ip-∂Xv- B- I- - - {]-kn-U‚pw- _n-kn-kv- ta-[m-hn-bp-am-b- kvt-l- c-Pn- - - - - ∂pw- A-hfp-sS- A-Ω- B- °m≥- I-gn-™n-s√-¶n¬- H-∂n-®p- - Ym-X¥p-hn-s- hn-Ikn-∏n-s®-Sp- - - ]-dbp-∂p.- - B-ip-]{Xnbn-se- A-Uan- a-cn-°Ww.- A-Xn-m-Wbmƒ- A- - -v - - °m≥- kr-jvSm-°ƒ-°v- I-gn-bm- - C-¥y-bp-sS- I-Sp-Ø- t]m-cm-´hpw- N-cn-{X- hn-Pbhpw- {]- - - - ‰v- t]-jy‚m-sW-∂pw- A- h-sf-bpw-sIm-≠v- No-dn-∏m-™p- Ø-Xp-sIm-≠m-W.v - Ip-ds®-¶n-epw- - Xo-£n-®p-sIm-≠p-Xs∂- o¬- n-Xn≥- ap-tI-jv,- _n-]m-j- - bmƒ- B-cmbm-epw- A-Sn-®hs‚- - - hƒ-°dn-bn-√.- - t]m-Ip-∂X.v - ]n¥p-S¿-s∂-Øp-∂- - B-izm-k-am-bn-´p-≈-Xv- Cu- kn- _-kp- F-∂n-h¿- A-`n--bn-°p-∂- quot;- B- tZ-t°- sk-d-'- F- ]-≠w- I-e°pw.- A-Xp-sIm-≠m- - X-n-°p-th-≠n- kv-t-l- {^m-t¶m- sP-∂n-^-sd- c-£-s∏- -nabp-sS- Im-adm-am≥- A-gI∏- - - - - - ∂- kn-n-abp-am-bn- am-Ikv- B- ]-cºcb#p-sS- kw-t{]-j- - v- - - - - W-v- C-Sn-b≥- {^m-t¶m- F-∂- t]- sØ- D-t]-£n-°p-∂- {^m-t¶m- Sp-Øp-∂p.- ]-t£- h-≠n- I-bdn- s‚- h¿-°p-I-fm-Wv.- A-e-Iv-kv- W-Øn¬- A-tkm-kn-tb-‰v- sN-øp-∂p-≠v.- G-IZn-a¬-kc- - - - c-bmƒ-°v- e-`n-®Xv.- A-ßs- P- - - tb-bpw- tdm-kn-t-bpw- H∂n-∏n- a-cn-°p-∂X-v {^m≥-kn- km-W.v - - - t]m-fn-s‚-bpw- i-cXN{µ- h¿-Ω- - v- - ß-fp-sS- hn-hcW߃-°n-Sbn¬- Nm-cp- i¿-aavbvs°m-∏w- - - - - - - - bn-en-em-Ip-∂- {^m-t¶m-sb- A- °m≥- sP-∂n-^¿- Xo-cp-am-n-°p- Cu- I-YIsf-√mw- {^m≥-kn- - - bp-sS-bpw- Ip-≠a≠n-∏m´-v I¿-W- - - -- o¬,- _n-]m-j- F-∂n-hcp-am-bp-≈- ap-Jm-ap-Jßfpw- t{]- - - - Uz-t°-‰v- ^m.- Ip-gn-bn- ¬- Nm-≠n- ∂p.- sP-∂n-^dn-p-≈- F-_n-tb- kn-s‚- t{]-Xw- h-∂-v P-KXn-bp-sS- - - I-tTm-cam-W.v - Cu- kn-n-a- X-s∂- - £-I¿-°-v {]-Xo-£n-°mw.- (k-enw-Ip-am¿)- sN-∂-v c-£n-°pw.- bpw-sIm-≠v- A-hn-sS- F-Øp-I- F-gp-Øp-Im-ctm-S-v ]-dbp-∂- a-´n- - - bpw- -bItTm-cam-W.v - - - - - cmyk
  • 10. 10 ¿-Ωw- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 ]p-©n-cn-®n-{Xw- Xam-ipw- Iu-Xp-Ihp - - - B-I¿-jIXz-hpw- n-d™- - - - F-{X-sb-{X- t^m-t´m-Ifm-W-v - C-˛sa-bn-ep-Ifn-eq-sS- - - Np-‰n-Øn-cn-bp-∂X.v - - hm-b°m¿-°-v A-ßs-bp-≈h- - - - - t{Im-ktdm-Un-te-°v- A-b°mw.- v- - sX-cs™-Sp-Øh- {]-kn-≤o-Icn-°pw.- - - - A-bt°-≠- C-˛sa-bn¬-:- - - photo.crossroad@gmail.com a-c-Øn-se- I-e- B-{Ôm- {]-tZ-iv- -ev-tKm-- h--¯n-v- A-Sp-¯p-Å- H-cp- ]À-W-im-e-bn-se B-{^n-¡³- _-thm-_m-hv- a-c-¯n-sâ- X-Sn-bnÂ- A-Úm-X-cm-b- I-em-Im-c-·mÀ- sIm-¯n-h¨- ar-Kcq-]- kr-jvSn-IÄ.- (A-b¨p- X-¶Xv:- - k-t´m-jv)- - - - - - - ^-en-X-Øp-≈n-Iƒ- h-gn-tbm-cw- tdm-bn- ]n.- ]-t{Xm-kv- ]m¿°nwKv ss^≥! ho´n-se-Ønb `¿Ømhv: Fs‚ ss{UhnwKv DtZym-Km¿Yn ho´n¬ sN∂v `mcy-tbmSv: B¿t°m CjvSs∏-s´-∂mWv tXm∂p-∂X.v tm°p- - - Fn°p tPmen Dd-∏m-bn. BcmWv Km‘n-Pnsb tºmƒ hn≥Uv kv{Ion¬ Hcp Ipdn-∏Sn Ccn-°p- sIme-s∏-Sp-Øn-bsX-∂mWv BZyw Atz-jn-t°- - ∂p. ≠-X.v `mcy: F¥mWv AXn¬ Fgp-Xn-bn-cp-∂Xv? `¿Ømhv: quot;]m¿°nwKv ss^≥' F∂v. tUmIvS-tdmSv A`n-`m-j-I≥: Hcmƒ cm{Xn- bn¬ Dd-°Øn¬ acn-®m¬ ASpØ cmhnse hsc - hg-°np tijw `¿Ømhn-tmSv `mcy: Abmƒ AXv Adn-bn√ At√... n߃°-dn-bm-tam, nßsf IeymWw Ign-®- t∏mƒ Rmsmcp a≠n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Hcmƒ: nß-fpsS IqsS Xma-kn-°p∂ aIv `¿Ømhv: nt∂m-Sp≈ kvtlw ImcWw F{X hb-kp≠v? Rm-X∂v {i≤n-®n-√. Ab¬hmkn: ap∏-Øn-m-tem, ap∏-Øn-bt©m. - Rm≥ icn°pw Hm¿°p-∂n-√. t]meokv: acn-®hcn¬ F{X t]mÃv tam¿´w - - aI≥ F{X mfmbn nß-tfm-sSm∏w Xma-kn- tUmIvS¿ S-Øn-bn-´p≠v? °p∂p? tUmIvS¿: Fs‚ F√m t]mÃv tam¿´hpw acn- Hm.. GI-tZiw mev]Xp h¿j-am-bn. ®-hcnembn-cp-∂p. - cmap: ]mNIw sNbvXpw XpWn Igp-Inbpw Un‰-IvSohv XkvXn-I-bn-te°v At]£ hoSp hrØn-bm-°nbpw aSp-ØXp sIm≠mWv Rm≥ evInb BtfmSv C‚¿hyq thf-bnse tNmZyw: IeymWw Ign-®X.v - BcmWv almflm Km‘nsb h[n-®X.v- ]cap: A¤p- X w. AtX Imc- W - ß ƒ DØcw: AXp Rm≥ msf ]d-bmw. sIm≠mWv Rm≥ hnhm-ltam-Nw tSn-bX.v - -
  • 11. tmh¬- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 11 A≤-ym-bw 3 Km-fio-h≥- aq∂Sn- s]m-°pw,- Im-°n- - - - - Øv- {io-a≥- G-Ø-∏n-≈n¬- G- t¥m- W n- ° p- ´ n- b p- a m- b n- km- n-°¿- sh-b-d-pw,- ]p-en--Jw,- kvX∏m-tm-kn-s- ]-co-£n-°m- - - £m¬- km-Ø∏≥.- - Im-Xv- tam-Xn-cw- C-Xym-Zn-Ifm¬- - m-bn- {Km-‚n¬- {Km-‚m-bn- {Km-s‚- quot;-quot;-Nm-cm-b- ∏o-∏-I-fn¬- A-Sn- •n-‰dnw-Kv- s]¿-kWm-en-‰n-°p-Sa- - - - Sp-Øv,- H-‰°t®m-≠v- ap¿-°n-°p- - - bn¬- A-Sn-b-W-Xv- I-e-°n- hn-‰- bpw,- A-©-Sn- ]-Øn-©v- ssl-‰- Øn- s]m-ds∏-´-v h-¥m≥.- -Sp-n- - Im-iv- In-º-fw- sI-´n-bm¬- a-b- dpw- X-es-dsb- Np-cp-≠- km-bv- - - in.- a-Wn-b≥- ]-{¥-≠Sn-®bp-S≥- - - ßn- ho-gp-t∂m-‰bm-tW- Kp-cp-h¿-- hm-h≥- tcm-aw-hf¿-∂v- t]≥-s]- - C-jSs‚- i-bm-Km-cØn¬- s- -v - - - i-∏v- i-h-߃- F-∂-Xn-m¬- H- cp-°pw,- B-Pm-p-_m-lp-hp-am-b- - Sp-s-Sp-¶-s- I-S-∂v-sN-∂- km- scm-‰- A-_v-Im-cn- i-h-dpw- F-fn- am-y-am-y-cm-cm-{io- k¿-∆ew-_- - tØm≥- G-Ø-h-s‚- km-b-hm- tbm-s-Xn-sc- s-en¬-°n-∂n- - S≥- G-Ø-∏n-≈n¬- G-kv-X-∏m- h≥- a-≠-bn¬- Iv-tWmw- F-∂v- t√-bv''- -- tm-k-v F-∂- ]m-tm-k-v F-kIz- -v ssÃ-en¬- ssI-ap-´n- s_-√Sn-®p.- - D-S--Sn-bn¬- l-cw-tI-dn- l- b-dn≥- C-t∏mƒ- in-jy-in-¶n-Sn- quot;-quot;aIm-t..-h’m-em...- G-k-v - - - tcm-Øw-kam-bn- km-£m¬- km- - bpw- ap-t∂- Kp-cp-N°°p-cp-hp-am- - - X-∏m-tm-tk...-''- - Ø-h≥.- quot;-quot;-s-Iv- Ãv- G-Ø-∏m...- bn-cp-∂- tZ-lw- km-£m¬- km- G-kX∏≥- s]-cn-®m-gn- {_m- -v - F-ßp-s≠-Sm- s-s‚- ]m-ev- I- - Øm≥- km-Øp-°p-´n- aq-Øym-s- ‚ v- -b--Zz-µw- ap-gn-∏n-®v- t-sc- t®m-Sw-?''- -- ∂- ho-c-hn-cm-S-hn-I-emw-K-m-Ip- tm-°n-bXv- km-Øm-s‚- I-cn-∏- - quot;-quot;-I-e-°≥-'-'- F-∂v- I-e-°n- ∂p.- Sn- tZ-l-hp-am-bn- G-Ø-∏n- ´n- tam-¥bv°v.- - - I¬-°n-°p-´m-bn- G-Ø∏≥.- - - ≈n¬- G-kvX∏m-tm-kv- A-h¿- - - quot;-quot;tl...-Kp-cp-h¿...-ssI-km-?- ]n- - quot;-quot;ao-‰dpw- Io-‰dpw- sh-®-v F-h- - - - Iƒ-°-v A-KWy-hpw- A-n-tj-[y- - s∂- tm≥- ]m-tm-]Nm-c߃- - - ‰- i-eyw- sN-øp-tam-tS-bv- ]m-en- hp-am-b- n-ch[n- h¿-jßfp-sS- - - - - A-cp-fn-Acfn-°bm-t°-≠t√m..- - - - - ev- Np-Øam-- N-ew- tN¿-Øv- hn- - h-≠¿-^pƒ- sIm-fm-_td-jpw- - - '-'- F-∂m-bn- G-Øh≥.- - ‰m-e?''- v- - - sIm-fq-jpw- a-‰pw- a-t‰-SØp-≈- - - quot;-quot;Zo¿-Lm-bp-jam≥- `-h''--- (F- - -v G-Øh≥- Ip-ºhbd-v Ipw-`- - - - - Xm-Ip-∂p.- c-∏m-fo- o-bßv- ]-Tn-®v- ]-Tn-®v- ]- - Øn¬- Nm-Sn-®v- Nm-Sn-®v- Nn-dn-®p.- quot;- km-Øp-°p-´n,- B-Zn- am-Xm-hm- - ∂-m-b-t√m-Sm-).- km-Øm≥- F- quot;-Kp-cp-h¿- C-∏gn-∏g-v kw-KXn- ¢o≥- - - - Ipw- A-∆-sb- ]-gw-Xo-‰n-b- km- en- C-fn-°p-tΩm-Ww- In-fn-In-fo- ¢o-m-bn.- ]m-en-e-v sh-≈ta- tN¿- - £m¬- _n-_v-fn-°¬- km-Øm- ∂v- In-fn-®p.- °m-dn-√.-''- - pw- H-´m-cØ-v H-´p-hm-bn¬- Hm-t®- - quot;-quot;sX-cp- s{I-]''--- G-Ø∏m-tm- - - A-¥n-®-v t]m-b- Kp-tcm≥- km- ∏v- Hm-tX-io-sS- P-∑m-¥-c- i-{Xp- kv- km-Øhv- h-W°aSn-®v- h- - - - - - Ø-h≥- Ip-¥n-°p-¥n- A-¥n-°m- km-Øp-°p-´n- ]p-cm-Ww- hpw,- km-Øp-°p-´n-sb- I-≠m¬- W-°am-kw- h-dp-Ø∏m-bn.- quot;-quot;- - - - - s´-Øn- quot;-quot;Bƒ- ssa-‰n-s-sÆ- Im- - Hm-t®-∏v- Hm-tX-in-bpw,- Hm-tX-in- c-IØn¬- n-¥n-cp-hSn-bp-sS- {]- - - ev- hm-cn-tbm-?''- -- sb-°-≠m¬- km-£m¬- km- Pm-Io-S߃-°-v »n- t£-aw- X-s∂- - quot;-quot;im-¥w-!- ]p-Wyw-''- G-kvX- - - - Øp-°p-´n-bpw- A-c-ss°- ]m-®n- b-t√-?- t£-tam-ZbØn¬....-''- - - - ∏≥- Xp-Sp-Xp-Sm-∂-v Xp-Sn-®-v Xp-Sn-®-v tm-°m≥- ap-≠-pw- n-°¿-k- km-Øh≥- ho-≠pw- In-fn-®p.- - Xp-Sn-®°t°m-m-cm-bn.- quot;-quot;Kp¿-h¿- - - - Wpw- s]m-°n-°p-Øn- X-øm-sd-Sp- quot;-quot;AtX-tX.- ]-t£- Ip-dn-bpw- - - ˛-]m-en¬- sh-≈w- tN¿-°-tW- °p-∂Xpw- A-ß´pw- C-ß´pw- X- - - - ]-dn-bp-sam-∂q-em.- ]n-s∂- -cI- - s- t-a- X-S sam-≈q.- C-t∏mƒ- - - ©w-tm-°n- Cu-c≠-v ho-°n- em- - Øn-te-°mƒ- p-ΩsS- {]-PIƒ- - - -Ωƒ- sh-≈Øn¬- ]m-ev- tN¿- - Ãn¬- s]m-Sn-X´n- i-d]n-td- ]n-cn-- - C-t∏mƒ- Cu- ]q-e-h-Øm-W-tS- Øv- sX-f∏n-®-v hn-°Wq.- tm- X- - - ™v- ]n-cn-sh-Sp-Øv- ]q-ehw- ap-Sn- - bv,- C≥- Zn-k-v a-Z¿- Kp-U-v F¿-Ø-v S- w- Hm¿- X-S-ÿ¿- l-taw- Jp- ∏n-°p-∂Xp-am-Ip-∂p.- - '-'- in- Jp-io.- a-Wn-tbm- a-Wo-k''- v- - CXym-Zn,- C-Xym-Zn,- C-Xym-Zn- - - quot;-quot;-Xn-cp-h-So-s‚- B-K-a--e- quot;-quot;-s^-≠m-Ãn-Iv-'-'-F-∂v- U- Iƒ-°p-S-a-bm-b- ho-c-hn-cm-S-s- £yw-?''F∂-v G-Ø∏≥- --- - - _nƒ- s_-√Sn-®p- km-£m¬- km- - k-Xy-am-bpw- H-e-bv-°-πm-aq-´n¬- quot;-quot;in-jym...-GØ∏m,- s-sÆ- - - - Ø-h≥.- s-IÃ-v Iz-Ãy≥- ]m-em- -v H-el∂m-®s‚- Ip-™m-S-v s]m- - - - - ]-co-£Wn-co-£Whn-t[-bm- - - - - - °n- Im-®n-°p-dp-°o.- kvXIØn¬- t]-cpw- Nq-cp-sa-gp-Xn- - - - °m≥- X-s∂-tS-b'v- '-- F-∂-v km-Ø- quot;-quot;-sh-e-°-s∏-´- s]m-´-∏-cn-∏v- quot;-quot;CΩn-Wn- sh-sey-cp- U-∆dn- - - - ]-≈o-sem-∂pw- t]m-Im-dn-√t√m...- - t∂m-≠v- {Kq-∏pw- ]n-f¿-∏p-ap-≠m- t®¿-Øn-´p-≈- km-£m¬- G-Ø- ∏≥- I-t®m-Sw-?quot;quot;- -- U-htd-eSt®m-tS-bv- G-Ø∏m-?'- - - - - - H-t∆m-?''- -- °n- eo-Udm-Im-am-bn-cp-∂n-teym- - ∏n-≈n¬- G-kvX∏m-tm-sk-∂- - - quot;-quot;F∂m- sd-Un-Xm-t-''∂-v km- - - -- quot;-quot;-sh-e-ßn-Ø-s∂- sI-S-°- '- quot;-quot;-H-t∆-'-'- F-∂v- km-Ø-h-t- ?- Im-dpw- ^vfm-Kpw- G¿-I≠o-ip-- - - G-Ø∏≥- ]m-tm-kv- B-Zyw- Kp- - tØm≥- h-l- I-jm-bta-sºm-Sn- - Wq- a-lm-Kp-cp-h¿-''- - G-Ø∏≥- In-fn- Io-fo-∂-v In- - H-∆bm-°n- I-f™q.- H-∆bm¿- G- - - - am-l- an-∂n-b-Sn-°m-am-bn-cp-∂n- cp-hpw- ]n-s∂- in-jy-pw,- F-∂pw- bp-an-´p.- quot;-quot;sK-bh∏?''- - v- - v- - - fn-®p.- kvXh≥.- - - t√ym-?- A-Xn-v- ]-I-cw- h-g-°pw- ≥-]p-am-°n-Øo¿-°p-I- F-∂-v - quot;-quot;Fhsd-Uo-''- G-kvØ∏≥- - - - - - - quot;-quot;tm- am-ÿ- ....- km-£m¬- - quot;-quot;ASt®¿-°Wq.- ]-t£- Iq- - - - - quot;-quot;tM...- Im-f- s]-t‰m-tº-?''- ...- - -- h-t°m-ep-am-bn- ssZ-hw- X-ºvcm- - ]-d-™v- h-∂m¬- A-Xn¬- A-cn- ep-¶n- ep-¶n-®-v Ip-Øn- ap-dp-°n- sd- sh-e°≥- C-t∏mƒ- Im-en-Øo-‰- -v ‰-Ωm¿- H-s∂m-cp- h-Ip-∏v- sN-{I-´- km-Øm≥- N-Ωn-®-Ωn- C-Sn-®-Ω- s‚- i-hn-´pw- sXm-gn-bp-ta-‰-v ]m-Xm- bn-√m-Ø- tÃm-¨- ss_-‰-v jzm¿.- Un-sd-Vym-m-bn.- sb-∂v- ko-e-Sn-®v- t]m-fn-Øo≥- do-sS- tam-m...- sd-hyp...-at‰m-s‚- - - ¥n-bm-bn.- f-°p-≠n¬- ]-Xn-t°-≠- K-Xn-tI- A-®≥- t]m-bn-´v,- I-]ym-cv- Ip- quot;-quot;F¶o...- tZ-]n-Sn-t®m...-Iz-kv- - - ]m-°-‰n¬- hn¬-°-Wq,- kq-∏¿- X-¥ym≥- h-w- a-{¥n.- ÿn-cw- A- quot;-quot;Ibsd-Sp-°≠m- Kp¿-h¿...-''- - - - - - Sv- h-t√m-ap-≠m-cp-t∂m- Kp-tcm≥- t™m-td-´≥- t]m-bn-´v,- Ip-gn-sh- Ãy≥-kv- _m-t¶m-sS-''- F-∂v- Nm- - am¿-°‰n¬- kq-∏¿- ss{]-kn¬.-'- - ´n-t∏-‰n.- ]p-Sn-In-´ym- ]p-t≈-?- ]n- G-kv-X-h≥- In-fn-®v- Im-´n- In-dn- km-Øhm- D-¶fp-°?''- - - v- - - ´v- sX-ø≥- cm-aq-´n-h-sc- k-Ω-Xn- Ø-∏≥.- '- s∂- km-£m¬- km-tØm-m-b- b≥- I-dn-tbm-m-bn.- -knw-Knƒ- {_o-Øn¬- °m-t-t]m-Wn-√.- kw-KXo-sS- Kp- - quot;-quot;sd-Un-aWn- am-{Xw- tNm-bn- - - quot;-quot;sIm-®-v I-t≈m- sIm-®t°m- - - s-W°pw- sX-‰o¿-°Wq.- G-‰w- - - quot;-quot;q-td-°¿- e-hdpw- sXu-k- - - G-ktXm≥- ]-d™-v n-dp-Øn-b- -v - ´≥-kpw- Kp-cm-bq-cpw- A-Xm-sW-¶n- °-√''- F-∂-v G-kX∏≥.- -v - -v - '-'- ∂v- G-Ø-h-s‚- I-hn-fn¬- p- Xm-sg- H-cp- s]-Æv- Ip-´-Øn- Iq- ‚ v- ]-dbv°v- I-t≠mw- A-™q-dv- - - Xpw- ]vtSm-sa-∂-v km-jSmw-Kw- ho- - -v epw,- km-£m¬- G-Ø-∏m-tm- quot;-quot;an-Sv°q-tk-''- km-tØm-s‚- - - - ≈n-p-W®-v km-tØm≥- A-Sp-Ø- - sS-bp-≠.v - ss{]-adn- kvIq-fn¬- ]- - - s_-tÕ¬- H-cm-iq-{Xow,- ssa-m- Wp- km-Øm≥- G-kv-tXm-v- ap- skm-gn-®v- a-s‰m-scm-gn-®n¬-°m-c- tcm-aam-b- tcm-asa-√mw- A-©n-b- - - Iz-Ãy-n-te-°v- ^vssf-‰v.- - T-Kth-jWw- -SØWq.- Hm-sf- - - - - - d-´n- Ip-Øn-°W°n¬- A-©-v Im- - - ∂n¬.- pw,- km-Øp-°p-´n- km-Øm-m- ©n- A-t©m-S©-v ]-Øpw- A-©- - quot;-quot;Cn- F-¥m-Wv- s-s‚- Ip- - - H-cq-´w- _m-eIhbn-{Xn- A-t°y¿-- - - tf-Ppw- aq-∂v- jv-tIm-fpw- Zn--k- quot;-quot;GkXhm...-GkXm-t...- G- - - -v - - -v sW-∂- k-Øn-bw- k-Øn-b-am- em-∏o-kpw- A-©n-ss°-afp-am-bn.- - Spw-_]p-cm-Ww-?''- - -- °-Wq.- A-‰-v {]-k‚ -v sam-gn-ap-Ø-v - cn- tcm-]m- ]-Xn-m-bn-cw- ]n-cn-b- Ø-∏n-≈n¬- G-kX∏m-tm-tk...- -v - sW-∂dn-™-v Iq-Sm-ØXm-W,v - ]- - - ]n-s∂- km-tØm≥- Iz-Ãy≥- _m- quot;-quot;Bk°v- ao- A≥-Z¿-''- - - v- - Xm-cm-{io.-''-- W- m-e-v h-©o-kp-ap-≈- ]p-Wym- {^w-Sp-tU- Rm-√- o-bm-W-v Kp- - c-aam-b- k-Øn-bw.- - ¶n-s‚- c-≠IW- ]q-´v- I-≈Øm- v- - - quot;-quot;]p-{X-]p-{Xn-Ifm-b- B-Zn-I- - - quot;-quot;an-Svan-Sp-°p-tk- s-s‚- ]n- - - ∏-≈o-sS- ap-Jy- ssI-°m-cp-am- - cp...-Kp-cp-h¿...- G-Ø°p-tczm....- G- - -A-ßn-s- t^m¿- G- t°m-en-´v- Hm-∏-¨- ko-tk-bm- fn¬- s-s‚- B-k‡n-bp-sS- i- - ss≈-°-n- B-¨-s]-d-∏v- N-h- Im≥- ]n-s∂- Np-Ωm-sXm-tIzm- Ø-s°m-te...-N°°p-tczm...- Kp- - - temw-Kv- ssSw,- G-Øhs‚- Kp-cp- - - °n...- quot;-quot;Hm-Sv- dm- I-≈∏i¶tf-''- - - - - - - X-ho-Xw-?''- -- Øym-teym-fv- sc-≠pw-?quot;quot;- -- Kp¿-h¿- km-Ø- km-Øm-th-?''- -- §p-tczm...-''- - h¿-N°°p-cp-hm-bn- o-≠-v hn-cm- - - quot;-quot;Iz-Ãy≥- -º¿- H-¨...- C-°- - quot;-quot;Po-tdm-''- F-∂p-ds°- ]p-Py- - - - G-tØm≥- A¿-∞w- K¿-`- quot;-quot;hm-lv...-hm-lv''- F-∂v- h-l- - -- Aßn-s- A-∂-v ap-X¬- km- - - Pn-®- km-£m¬- km-Ø∏≥,- X- - gn-™- km-ºØn-Ih¿-jØn¬- - - - a-Sn-®v- ]q-Py≥- Pn-Ptdm-hm-bn- G- v- Øn-en-´v- kvssa-eSn-®p.- - - bn¬- {hm-¶Sn-®- km-Øhs‚- A- - - - £m¬- km-Øh≥- tI-hew- Ip- - - ´n-Øcn-In-tSmw- Sn-bm-≥-sa≥-k-v - q-dn-te-sd- A-_Im-cn- tI-kp-I- v- kvXh≥.- - - quot;-quot;Kp-cp-km-Øhm...-sX-hk‚ -v - - -v - S-bm-Ø- hm-b- G-kXh≥- ]-Wn- -v - ´n- m-Øm-m-bn- A-Sbt°w- hn- - v- kv-Iz-b-dn-se-Øn- Sn-bm≥- a-lm- fn¬- n-s‚- s]m-Æ-Ø-Sn- X-∏n- quot;-quot;o- F-t∂w- I-SØn-sh-´n- I- - - F-t{I-gv-kpw- H-‰-tam-fp-ap-≈- ]q- s∏-´v- ]q-´n-s°-´n- I-≠o-jvWdm- - - ‰v-tew- sh-®v- G-Ø-∏n-≈n¬- G- in-jy-in-tcm-a-Wn-bm-bn- am-dn-b- ®q-´n-bm- G-kX∏m-?''- v- - - - S-Øp-m-S≥- am-°m-m-bt√m-Sm...- - Ø- ]-W®m-t°mƒ-°v- Rm-h- - - °n.- F-∂n-´v- tSm-´¬- im-¥-kz- kv-X-∏m-tm-kn-s‚- in-jy-Xzw- {Xn-√¿- tÃm-dn- I-Øm-°m¿- Iw- G-Ø∏≥- Ip-Sp-Ip-Sm-∂-v In-dn- - F-¶n-epw- G-Ø∏m.- s-W°-v sc- - - t‰- sI-´v- sI-t´y¬-∏n-®p.- tm- cq-]≥- im-¥-∏-m-bn- km-Ø-h- kzo-Icn-®-v H-s∂m-∂m-b-v ap-dIƒ- - - kmw-kv-Im-cn-I-m-b-°≥- cm-cm- ®p.- quot;-quot;Kp-cp-h¿...-A¥- h-cp-jØn- - - - ≠v- s]-Ω°fp-≠∂v- p-Ω°dn- - - - - - knw-Knƒ- Zp-´v- U-∆dn-''- - - tm-S-v sam-gn-™p...- ]-b-‰n-∏-Tn-°m≥- Xp-Sßn.- I-Ym- - {io- C-´n-°p-´-∏- hm-Øn-bm-cv- te- H-‰t°-kv- ep-°Sm- t]m-epw- - - bmw.- A-h‰ßsf- F-¥q-´m-≠m- - - - quot;-quot;tlm-b''- F-∂v- jq-fn- jp-f- - v- - quot;-quot;Kp¿- km-Øhm...-]≠v- D-¶- - - - Im¿- km-£m¬- kmw-kIm-cn-I- v- sim¬-hX-v C-∏Sn-°pw.- A-∏Sn-°-v - - - G-kX∏s-Xn-sc- H-cp- ^-btem- -v - - - Im-´o-X-v i-ho-?''- -- a-Sn-®v- t]m-b- km-tØm≥- em-Ãv- fp-°v-]-‰n-b- I-fn-∏pw- A-Xm-Wv.- m-b°≥- C-´n-°p-´∏hm-Øn-bm¿- -v - - km-Øm≥- tNm-Xn- Nm-Øn-c- pw- ^-bem-°o-´n-√.-''- - - quot;-quot;sI-´n-t°-‰o-''-- F-∂Sn-®-v sI- - - dm-∏n-Uv- ^-b-dn¬- H-scm-‰- tNm- ssZ-h- tcm-]w- I-øp-Ωev- ]-®Ip- - - ]-dbp-∂Xpw- ]-Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xp-am-b- - - - Øn¬- t-cp-°-v t-sc- t]-in- {]- quot;-quot;AsX-∏So-?''∂-v A-¥n-®-v A- - - - --- ´n-e®≥- In-´p-°Wn-bm-m-bn- km- - - Zyw- ep-°-S-∏-d-¶n- ∏o-c-¶n- sh-Sn- Øn- ]-®-°p-Xn-c-bm-bm-se-¥p- km-Øp-°p-´n-]p-cm-Ww- C-{]-Im-c- am-Zam-- H-cp- ]p-n-X- mƒ- ]m¿- - ¥n-°m-S-pw- B-t¥m-f≥- A- £m¬- G-Ø∏≥.- - bm-°n- °o-®n.- quot;-quot;-G-kv-X-hm- o- hm...-Bƒ-ssa-‰o-sS- ]m¿-´o¬- n- am-W-v Xp-Sßp-∂X.v - - (Xp-Scpw-)- - - -
  • 12. 12 hm-l-w- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 kp-K-a-am-b- A-p-`-hw-;- kp-kp-°n-bp-sS- 150 kn-kn- ss_-°v- tdm-Un¬- C--¥y-bn-se- tam-t´m¿- ssk-°nƒ- hn-]-Wn-bn¬- N-cn-{Xw- Ip-dn- ®p-sIm-≠v- kp-kp-°n-bp-sS- B-Zy- 150 kn-kn- ss_-°v- n-cØn¬- F- - Øn.- Pn- F-kv- 150 B¿- F-∂dn-bs∏-Sp-∂- ss_-°v- U¬-ln- hn-]Wn- - - - bn-em-Wv- B-Zyw- A-hXcn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv.- - - - bm-{X-°m-cv- kp-JIchpw- kp-Kahp-am-b- A-p-`hw- ¬-Ip-∂- - - - - - - - ss_-°v- A-Xym-I¿-jIßfm-b- ªq,- Hm-d©v,- t{K,- ªm-°v- F-∂n- n- - - - - d-ßfn-em-W-v e-`y-am-°p-∂X.v - - - -Kcbm-{X-Iƒ-°v- A-p-tbm-Py-am-b- B-Ikn-etd-j≥,- C-‘- - - v- - - £-aX- F-∂n-hbm-W-v ss_-°n-s‚- a-s‰m-cp- k-hn-ti-jX.- tem-IØ-v - - - - B-Zy-am-bn- F-t°m- tam-Uv- F≥-Pn≥- B¿-]n-Fw- C≥-Un-t°-‰dm-Wv- - ss_-°n¬- L-Sn-∏n-®n-´p-≈Xv.- kvt]m¿-´n- ssì- sl-Uvsse-‰v,- F- - - - b-tdm- ssU-m-an-Iv- B-Ir-Xn-bn-ep-≈- se-Uv- sS-bn¬- em-ºv,- C-‚t{K- - ‰-U-v dn-b¿- tS-¨- kn-Kep-Iƒ,- i-‡sa-∂-v {]-Xo-Xn- P-n-∏n-°p-∂- h- -v - - en-b- C-‘-- Sm-¶v,-F-∂n-h-bpw- ss_-°n-s‚- `w-Kn-°v- am-‰p-Iq-´p-∂p.- tjm-°-v A-_tkm¿-_dn-tm-S-v tN¿-∂p-≈- {]-tXy-I- Hm-bn¬- kw-`c- -v - - Wn- an-I®- Hm-bn¬- Iq-fn-ßn-pw- A-Xp-hgn- {]-h¿-Ø- an-Ihn-pw- k- - - - - lm-bn-°p-∂p.- kp-JIcam-b- bm-{X-b°v- h-gn-sbm-cp-°p-∂- F≥-Pn≥- - - - v- _m-e≥-kv- sS-Itm-fPn-bpw- Pn- F-kv- 150 B¿- ss_-°n-s‚- {]-tXy- v- - I-Xbm-W.v - - ]p-Xn-b- C-t∂m-h-bp-am-bn- S-tbm-´- ASn-ap-Sn- ]-cn-jvIm-cßtfm-sS- ]p-Xn- - - - - ta-j≥- Un-kv-tπ- F-∂n-h-bpw- ]p-Xn-b- C- ep- h¿-Wßfn¬- e-`y-am-W.v - 7,-66,-000 ap-X¬- - - _n-Fw-U-_v-fn-bp- b- C-t∂m-h- hn-]Wn-bn¬.- B-Uw-_cw- n- - - t∂m-hbp-sS- {]-tXy-IXIfm-W.v - ss{U-h¿- - - - - 11,-06,-000 h-sc-bm-Wv- U¬-ln-bn-se- F-Ikv-v- d-™- C-‚o-cn-b¿,- -ho-am-b- F-IÃo-cn-b¿,- - B-kzm-Zy-am-b- ss{U-hnw-Kn-p-≈- kw-hn-[m- -߃- Iq-Sm-sX- kp-Jku-Icy-ßfn-epw-- - -v - °pw- bm-{X-°m¿-°p-am-bn- F-b¿-_m-Kp-Iƒ,- B-‚ n- tem-°v- t{_-°nw-Kv- kn-Ãw- F-∂n-h- tjm-dqw- hn-e.- Un-˛-4Un- Uo-k¬- F≥-Pn- n-epw- hn-hn-Sn-˛-sF- s]-t{Smƒ- F≥-Pn-n- 3 ko-co-kv- kp-c£bn-epw- ]p-Xn-b- k-∂m-l߃- F- - - - ∂n-hbm-Wv- ]p-Xn-b- C-t∂m-hbp-sS- {]- - tXy-IXIƒ.- - - C-¥y-bn¬- h≥- hn-Pbw- t-Sn-b- C- - - hn-]-Wn-bn¬- t∂m-h-bp-sS- ]p-Xn-b- tam-U¬- an-I-®- _n-Fw-U_fn-bp-hn-s‚- 3 kn-co-k-v tam-U¬- C-¥y≥- - -v hn-]Wn-bn-se-Øn.- sIm-®n-bn-te-XS°ap-≈- _n-Fw-U_v- - - - - - ssÃ-epw- B-Uw-_chw- kp-c£bpw- D- - - - - fn-bq- tjm-dq-ap-Iƒ- h-gn- Cu- ]p-Xn-b- Im¿- e-`y-am-bn- Xp-S- d-∏p-hcp-Øp-sa-∂-v S-tbm-´- In¿-tem-kI¿- - -v ßn-bXm-bn- I-ºn- A-dn-bn-®p.- - - tam-t´m¿- am-t-Pnw-K-v U-bdIS¿- ln-tcm- - - -v 320sF,- 325sF- F-∂o- s]-t{Smƒ- tam-U-ep-I-fpw- jn- -Im-Km-h- ]-d™p.- F-btdm-ssU-m- - -v 320kn,- 320Un- ssl-se≥- F-∂o- Uo-k¬- tam-U-ep-I-fp- an-I-v ssÃ-enw-tKm-Sp- Iq-Sn-b- F-IÃo-cn-b¿,- -v am-Wv- 3 ko-co-kn¬- hn-]Wn-bn-se-Øp-∂Xv.- - - -ho-am-b- {^-≠-v {Kn¬,- _w-]¿,- ]-cn-j-v - tem-IØn-se- G-‰hp-a[n-Iw- hn¬-°s∏-Sp-∂- {]o-an-bw- - - - - I-cn-®- dn-b¿- tImw-]n-t-j≥- sse-‰p-Iƒ,- Im-dp-Ifn-sem-∂m-W-v _n-Fw-U_fn-bq- 3 kn-co-k.v - _n-Fw- - - -v A-tem-bn- ho¬,- ]p-Xn-b- n-dßfn-ep-≈- - - U-_vfn-bpw- sF-ss{U-hv- Hm-∏td-‰nw-Kv- kn-Ãw- D-]tbm-Kn- - - - hp-U≥- ]m-ep-Iƒ- F-∂n-h- ]p-Xn-b- C- - °p-∂- Cu- tam-U¬- D-b¿-∂- B-Uw-_c- ku-Icy-ßfpw- - - - t∂m-hsb- G-sd- B-I¿-jIam-°p-∂p.- dn- - - - A-aq-ey-am-b- ss{U-hnw-Kv- A-p-`hhpw- D-d∏p- ¬-Ip-∂p.- - - - b¿- sk≥-kdp-≈Xn-m¬- dn-th-gknw-Kpw- - - -v kvt]-kv- t{K,- πm-‰n-w- t{_m-¨kv- F-∂n-hbS°w- 6 - - - - - ]m¿-°nw-Kpw- G-sd- F-fp-∏am-Ipw.- - n-dßfn¬- e-`y-am-Wv- 3 kn-co-kv.- - - F-kn-s°m-∏w- Hm-t´m-am-‰n-I-v ss¢-a‰-v I- - bp-ap-≠.v - epw- ]p-Xn-b- C-t∂m-h- e-`y-am-Wv.- 5.-4 ao-‰¿- hn-e:- - 325sF- ˛- 32,-90,-000,- 320sF- ˛- 26,-90,-000,- 320Un- ˛- ¨-t{Smƒ,- C-eyq-an-t-j≥- I-¨t{Sm-tfm-Sp- - an-I®- C-‘- £-aX- {]-Zm-w- sN-øp- tS-Wnw-K-v td-Un-bk-v kn-‰n,- ssl-th- ss{U- - - - - 29,-50,-000,- 320Un- ssl-sse≥- ˛- 30,-50,-000 Iq-Sn-b- Hm-]n-t{Sm-¨- ao-‰¿,- aƒ-´n- C≥-^¿- ∂- ]p-Xn-b- C-t∂m-h- B-I¿-j-I-am-b- m- hnw-K-v kp-Kaam-°pw.- - - lyq-≠m-bn-bp-sS- P-p-h-cn- an-I-®- I-b-‰p-a-Xn-°p-≈- C-C-]n-kn- hn¬-∏--bn¬- 1.-3%- C-Sn-hv-;- A-hm¿-Uv- lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m-dn-v- C-¥y-bn-se- G-‰hpw- h-en-b- Im¿- I-b‰p-aXn- - - - p- Io-gn¬- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂- hy-h-km-b- A-]-Iv- ÿm-]am-b- lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- C-¥y- en-an-‰- - - kv- k-an-Xn-bm-W-v F≥-Pn-o-bdnw-K-v F-Ikt]m¿- - -v -v I-b-‰p-a-Xn- 20.-9%- h¿-≤n-®p- Un-v- an-I-®- I-b-‰p-a-Xn-°p-≈- 2006˛-2007 h¿-j- Øn-se- F≥-Pn-o-bdnw-Kv- F-Ikt]m¿-´v- {]-tam- - v- v- ´v- {]-tam-j≥- Iu-¨kn¬.- 2005˛-2006 h¿-jØn¬- - C-C]n-kn-bp-sS- an-I®- I-b‰p-aXn-°p-≈- A-hm¿- - - - - - C-¥y-bn-se- G-‰hpw- h-en-b- c-≠m-asØ- Im¿- n¿-am- - - j≥- Iu-¨kn-en-s‚- (C-C]n-kn-)- A-hm¿-Uv- e- - - Un-v- lyq-≠m-bv- A¿-lcm-bn-cp-∂p.- - Xm-hpw- G-‰hpw- h-en-b- Im¿- I-b‰p-aXn- ÿm-]hp-am-b- - - - - - lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- C-¥y- en-an-‰Uv- P-p-hcn- am-k- hn¬- - ∏--bn¬- t-cn-b- C-Sn-hv- tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn.- B-`y-¥-c- hn¬- - `n-®p.- h-en-b- ÿm-]ßfp-sS- hn-`m-KØn¬- an- - - - I-®- {]-ISØn-p-≈- tKmƒ-U-v t{Sm-^n,- Xn-cp-h- - - - -¥]p-cØ-v k-tX-¨- do-PW¬- hm¿-jn-I- A-hm¿- - - - - C-¥y-bn¬-n-∂v- I-b‰p-aXn- sN-øp-∂- Im-dp- I-fn¬- 67 i-Xam-hpw- lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m-dn-t‚- - - Xm-Wv.- 2006˛-2007˛¬- 2933.-34 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- - - am-cp-Xn-°v- ∏-bn¬- 13.-5 i-Xam-w- Ip-dhp- tc-Js∏-Sp-Øn-bt∏mƒ- I- - - - - - b-‰p-aXn- 20.-9 i-Xam-w- h¿-≤n-®p.- sam-Øhn¬-∏bn¬- 1.3 i-X-am-w- - - - - - Uv- Zm-- N-Sßn¬- kw-ÿm-- hy-hkm-b- a-{¥n- - - C-facw- I-co-an¬-n-∂pw- lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- C- - - ¥y- do-PW¬- am-t-P¿- ˛- ku-Øv,- Inw- G-‰p-hm- - I-b‰p-aXn-bm-Wv- lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- C-¥y- -S- - - Øn-b-Xv.- 1999˛¬- sh-dpw- 20 Im-dp-Iƒ- t-∏m-fn- te-b°-v I-b‰p-aXn- sN-bX- lyq-≠m-b-v C-t∏mƒ- -v - - -v 213.-57 tIm-Sn- Ip-dhp-≠m- - bn.- 2009,- ßn.- 150 tIm-Sn- cq-]bn¬- Iq-Sp-X¬- I-b‰p-aXn-bp- - ≈- ÿm-]ßsf-bm-W-v h-en-b- ÿm-]ßfm- - - - - - - - - 95 cm-Py-ß-fn-te-bv-°v- Im-dp-Iƒ- I-b-‰n- A-b-bv- °p-∂p.- A-Sp-Ø- h¿-jw- 100 cm-Py-ßfn-te-bv°v- Im-dp-Iƒ- I-b‰p-aXn- sN-øm-m-Wv- I-ºn-bp-sS- - - - - - em-`w P- p- h - c n- {]-ap-J- Im¿- n¿-am-Xm-°fm- - bn- ]-cn-KWn-°p-∂Xv.- tI-{µ- hy-hkm-b- h-Ip-∏n- - - - ]-cn-]m-Sn.- b- am-cp-Xn- kp-kq-°n-bp-sS- Un- bn¬- 37,- 216 Im-dp- kw-_-dn¬- A-h-km-n-®- ]m-Z- Iƒ- hn-‰gn- - Im¿- hm-bv-]-bv-°m-bn- lyq-≠m-bn-bpw- Øn¬- em-`w- 213.-57 tIm-Sn-bm- sW-∂v- I-º-n- hy-‡-am-°n.- ®- lyq- ≠m-b-v tam- kn≥-Un-t°-‰v- _m-¶pw- I-cm-dm-bn- ap≥- h¿-jw- aq-∂mw- ]m-ZØn¬- - t´m¿- C- lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- C-¥y- F-fp-∏am-°m-pw- k-lm-bIam- Un-t°-‰-v _m-¶p-am-bp-≈- k-lI- 467.-04 tIm-Sn-bp-sS- em-`w- am-cp- - - - - ¥y- I- g n- en-an-‰U-v Im¿- hm-b]- e-`y-am-°p- - -v Ipw.- c-W-sa-∂v- A-t±-lw- Nq-≠n- Xn-b°-v e-`n-®n-cp-∂p.- F-∂m¬- aq- -v ™- h¿-jw- P-p-hcn-bn¬- 37,-700 Im-dp-Ifm-Wv- hn-‰Xv.- B- - - - ∂-Xn-m-bn- kn≥-Un-t°-‰v- _m- n-e-hn-ep-≈- km-l-N-cy- °m-´n.- ∂mw-]m-Z- em-`-Øn¬- 54.-3 i-X- `y-¥c- hn-]Wn-bn¬- 21,-016 Im-dp-Iƒ- hn-‰gn-®t∏mƒ,- I-gn- - - - - ¶p-am-bn- [m-cWm-]{X-Øn¬- H-∏n- - - Øn¬- kn≥-Un-t°-‰v- _m-¶p-am- lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- C-¥y- am-w- Ip-dhp-≠m-bn.- cq-]bp-sS- - - ™- h¿-jw- C-tX- am-kØn¬- 24,-301 bq-Wn-‰p-Iƒ- hn-‰gn- - - ´p.- ]p-Xn-b- Iq-´p-sI-t´m-sS- lyq- bp-≈- k-lIcWw- D-]tbm-‡m- en-an-‰Up-am-bp-ff- k-lIcWw- D- hn-n-ab- n-c°n¬- h-∂- am-‰hpw- - - - - - - - - - - - - °m-m-bn.- P-p-hcn-bn¬- 16,-200 bq-Wn-‰p-Iƒ- I-b‰n-bb®- - - - - ≠m-b-v Im-dp-Iƒ-°-v F-fp-∏Øn¬- - °ƒ-°v- G-sd- k-lm-b-I-am-Ip- ]-tbm-‡r- A-Sn-Ød- hn-]p-es∏- hn¬-]- Ip-d™Xpw- A-kw-k-v- - - - - t∏mƒ- ap≥-h¿-jsØ- I-b‰p-aXn- 13,-399 bq-Wn-‰m-bn-cp-∂p.- - - - hm-bv]- e-`y-am-Ipw.- Iq-Sm-sX- C- - sa-∂v- lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- C- Sp-Øm≥- c-≠p- Iq-´¿-°pw- k-lm- Ir-X- h-kXp-°fp-sS- hn-eh¿-[- v- - - sF-˛-20 hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d-ßn-b- B-Zy- am-kw-X-s∂- B- ¥y-sbm-´m-sI- lyq-≠m-b-v hm-l- ¥y- en-an-‰Uv- ko-n-b¿- ssh-kv- b-Iam-sW-∂-v kn≥-Un-t°-‰-v _m- -bpw- am-cp-Xn-bp-sS- em-`Øn¬- - - - `y-¥c- hn-]Wn-bn¬-n-∂v- 2500 bq-Wn-‰p-Ifp-sS- _p-°nw-Kv- - - - w- hm-ßm≥- Xm-X]cy-ap-≈h¿- -v - - {]-kn-U‚ -v A-chn-µ-v k-Itk-- ¶v- kn-Fw-Un- tPm¿-Pv- tPm-k^v- Ip-dhp-≠m-°p-∂Xn-n-Sbm-°n.- - - -v - - - - t-Sm-m-bn- F-∂-v F-®Fw-sF-F¬- ko-n-b¿- ssh-k-v {]- -v °m-bn- hm-lhm-bv]Iƒ- e-`n- - - - - Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- ]-d™p.- an-I®- ]-en-in-c°p-I- sam-Øhcp-am-Øn¬- Cu- Im- - - - - - - - kn-U‚ v- ˛- am¿-°‰nw-Kv- B≥-Uv- sk-bn¬-kv- A-chn-µv- k- - - - °p-∂X-v kp-Kaam-Ipw.- - - - Iq-Sp-X¬- km-ºØn-Im-hk- fpw- hm-bv-]-Iƒ-°m-bn- A-[n-I- e-bfhn¬- aq-∂p-iXam-w- Ip-d- - - - - - - Iv-tk-- A-dn-bn-®p.- hn-tZ-i-hn-]-Wn-bn¬-n-∂v- an-I-®- {]- C-¥y-bn-se-ßp-am-bn- 2,-200 c-߃- e-`y-am-°p-∂Xn-pw- ym- ku-Icy-hpw- _m-¶-v e-`y-am-°pw.- hp-≠m-bn.- ap≥-h¿-jsØ- 4759.- - - - Xn-IcWam-Wp- e-`n-°p-∂sX-∂pw- 6500 bq-Wn-‰p-Iƒ- I-b- - - - - im-JIfp-≈- kn≥-Un-t°-‰-v _m- - - b-am-b- ]-en-in-c°-v e-`y-am-°p- Iq-Sm-sX- sk-°≥-Uv- lm≥-Uv- 43 tIm-Sn- cq-]bn¬- n-∂pw- 4625.- - - - ‰n-bb®p- I-gn-s™-∂pw- A-chn-µv- ]-d™p.- - - - - ¶p-am-bp-≈- Iq-´p-sI-´-v hn-]Wn- hn- - ∂-Xn-pw- D-]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- Im-dp-Iƒ-°pw- hm-b]- -eIp-sa- 81 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn- aq-∂mw- ]m- -v -v - ]p-e-s∏-Sp-Øm-pw- hm-bv-]-Iƒ- k-lm-bIcam-Ip-∂Xm-W-v kn≥- ∂pw- Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.- - - - - Z- h-cp-am-w- Xm-g∂p.- -v
  • 13. bm-{X- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 13 F-an-td-‰v-kv- F-b¿-sse≥- n-c-°p-Iƒ- Ip-d-®p- Zp-_m-bv- B-ÿm-am-bp-≈- F-an-td-‰kv- F-b¿-sse≥- n-c°p-Iƒ- Ip-d®p.- - - v- - - C-tXm-sS- sIm-®n-bn¬- n-∂v- Zp-_m-bn-te-bv°v- dn-t´-¨- C-°tWm-an- ¢m-kv- n-c- - - °v- 15,-490 cq-]-bm-bn- Ip-d-bpw.- 17,-000 cq-]-bm-Wv- n-e-hn-ep-f-f- n-c-°v.- sIm-®n- bn¬- n-∂v- yq-tbm¿-°n-te-°p-ff- G-ddhpw- Ip-d™- dn-t´-¨- C-°tWm-an- ¢m- - - - - - kv- n-c°v- 56,-995 cq-]bn¬- n-∂v- 39,-990 cq-]bm-bn- Ip-dbpw.- - - - - Zp-_m-b,v - e-≠≥,- yq-tbm¿-°-v C-°tWm-an- ¢m-k-v n-c°p-Iƒ-°p- ]p-dta- bq- - - - - tdm-∏n-se- hn-hn-[- F-b¿-t]m¿-´p-Iƒ,- ku-Øv- A-ta-cn-°,- B-{^n-°,- ^m¿- Cu- Ãv,- Hm-kvt{S-en-b,- yq-kn-em≥-Uv- Xp-Sßn-b- ÿ-eßfn-te-bv°p-≈- n-c°p-I- - - - - - - F-an-td-‰v-kv- A-‰v-em-‚ n-kp-am-bn- tN¿-∂v- fpw- Ip-d®n-´p-≠v.- sIm-®n-bn¬-n-∂v- hn-hn-[- -Kcßfn-te-°v- ]p-Xp-°n-b- dn-t´-¨- - C-t°m-Wan- ¢m-kv- n-c°p-Iƒ- ({_m-°‰n¬- n-ehn-ep-≈- n-c°p-Iƒ-):- - _-lv- dn≥- ˛- 19,-000 cq- ]- (19,- - 500 cq-]-),- a-kv-°-‰v- ˛-19,- 000 cq-]- (26,-460 cq-]-),- - - - - - - - {]-tXy-I- Hm-^¿- A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p- ]Xn-aq-∂m-aX-v Zp-_m-b-v tjm-∏nw-K-v - - b-Xm-W-v ]m-t°-P.v - B-dp- cm-{Xn- A-‰em- -v Sv- A-p-_‘n-®v- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂- {]- - - - Z-amw- ˛- 19,-000 cq-]- (26,- 460 cq-]-),- dn-bm-Zv- ˛- 19,- 000 cq-]- (29,-505 cq-]-),- lq-Ã-¨- 66,-000 cq-]- s^-Ãn-hen-tm-S-v A-p-_‘n-®-v F-an- - - ‚n-kn¬- Xm-akn-°m≥- Xo-cp-am-n-°p-∂- - tXy-I- Hm-^¿- 30,-999 cq-]b°m-Wv- B- - v- (74,-655 cq-]),- ]m-co-k-v ˛- - td-‰k-v A-‰em-‚ n-kp-am-bn- tN¿-∂-v B- -v -v h¿-°-v c-≠p- cm-{Xn- ku-Py-am-bn- Xm-a- - cw-`n-°p-∂X.v - _p-t^- t{_-°^m-Ã-v k- - -v 35,-000 cq-]- (41,-500 cq-]- I¿-jIam-b- {]-tXy-I- Hm-^¿- A-hXcn- - - - - kn-°p-∂Xn-v- ku-Icyw- e-`n-°pw.- A- - - ln-Xw- aq-∂p- Zn-h-k-sØ- Xm-a-kw,- Zp- ),- _¿-anw-Kvlmw- 40,-000 - ∏n-°p-∂p.- sIm-®n-bn¬-n-∂v- Zp-_m-bn- Izm-sh-©¿,- 65,-000 I-S¬- Po-hn-Iƒ- Dƒ- _m-bn-te-bv°p-≈- bm-{X-bn-tem- Xn-cn- - cq-]- (52,-605 cq-]-),- am-©-ÿ- ˛- 40,-000 (47,-995 cq-]-),- •m-kv-tKm- ˛- 40,-000 cq-]- (52,- te-bv°v- C-°tWm-an-Iv- ¢m-kn¬- dn-t´- - - s°m-≈p-∂- Z- tem-Ãv- tNw-t_-gkv- F- v- sI-bp-≈- bm-{X-bn-tem- ]-Øp-In-tem- 605 cq-]),- ayq-Wn- °v- ˛- 35,-000 cq-]- (52,-605 cq-]),- lmw-_¿-Kv- ˛- 35,-000 (52,-710 cq-]- - - ¨- Sn-°‰pw- aq-∂p- cm-{Xn- Zp-_m-bn¬- Xm- - ∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-te-bv-°v- ]-cn-[n-bn-√m-Ø- {Kmw- A-[n-I- e-tK-Pv- F-∂n-h- Hm-^-dn- ),- sh-o-kv- ˛-40,-000 (52,-710 cq-]),- -bvtdm- _n-˛40,-000 cq-]- (46,-515 cq-]),- sa¬-_- - - - - a-khpw- A-S°w- 66,-189 cq-]bv°p- Xp-S- - - - - {]-th-iw,- tUmƒ-^n-p-Ifp-am-bn- I-fn- - - s‚- `m-Kam-W.v - - ¨,- kn-Uvn,- s]¿-Øv,- {_n-kvs_-bv≥- ˛- 48,-000 cq-]- (58,-905 cq-])- - - - ßp-∂Xm-W-v ]p-Xn-b- Hm-^¿.- - °p-∂Xn--v Ip-d™- n-c°-v F-∂n-h- Hm- - - - sIm-®n-bn¬-n-∂p-≈- bm-{X-°m-cp- C¥y-bn-se- {]-ap-J- F-b¿-t]m¿-´p-Ifn¬-n-s∂-√mw- Zp-_m-bn-te-b°v- F-an- - - - v- Iq-Sm-sX- H-cp- cm-{Xn- ku-Py-am-bn- - ^-dn¬- Dƒ-s∏-Spw.- sS- F-ÆØn¬- an-I®- h-f¿-®bm-Wp-≈- - - - td-‰kv- k¿-ho-kv- -SØp-∂p-≠v.- Zp-_m-bn¬-n-∂pw- B-tKm-fXeØn-se- 90 -K- v- - - - - Xm-akn-°p-∂Xn-pw- A-hkcw- e-`n-°pw.- - - - - bm-{X-°m¿-°v- tem-In-ehm-cØn- - - - sX-∂pw- A-‰em-‚n-kp-am-bn- tN¿-∂p-≈- -v c-ßfn-te-bv°v- bm-{X-°m¿-°v- t-cn-´v- ]-d°mw.- C-¥y-bn¬-n-∂v- _p-°v- sN-øp- - - - ]mw- Pp-ssa-dbn-se- {]-ap-J- dn-tkm¿-´pw- - ep-≈- tk-h߃- F-Øn-°p-∂Xn-em- - - - ]p-Xn-b- Hm-^¿- -√- k-Ωm-am-bn-cn-°p-- ∂-h¿-°-v ]p-Xn-b- n-c°p-Iƒ- _m-[Iam-W.v - - - - A-Izm-´n-I-v A-¤p-Xam-b- A-‰em-‚n-kpw- - -v Wv- F-an-td-‰k-v {i-≤n-°p-∂sX-∂-v F-an- -v - sa-∂pw- F-an-td-‰k-v ssh-k-v {]-kn-U‚ -v -v - bm-{X-°m¿-°-v an-I®- n-c°p-Iƒ- -eIm≥- F-an-td-‰k-v F-∂pw- _-≤{i-≤cm- - - - -v -v - - tN¿-∂v- A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂- ]-≤-Xn- G- td-‰vkv- sk-bn¬-kv- am-t-P¿- ˛- sk≥- - ˛- C-¥y,- t-∏mƒ- Hm¿-l≥- A-∫m-kv- sW-∂v- F-an-td-‰kv- ssh-kv- {]-kn-U‚ v- ˛- C-¥y,- t-∏mƒ- H¿-lm≥- A-∫m-kv- ]- v- - {]n¬- 30 h-sc- o-≠p- n-ev°pw.- - {S¬- tI-c-f- P-b-¥v- tKm-]n-m-Y≥- ]-d- ]-d™p.- - d-™p.- an-I®- A-¥m-cm-j{S- irw-Jebpw- an-Ihp-‰- D-X]∂ßfpw- ku-Icy-{]-Z- - v- - - - v- - - - - ^-Ã-v ¢m-k-v bm-{X-°m¿-°-v ]p-Xn-b- ™p.- ]p-Xp-h¿-jØn¬- A-‰em-‚n-k-v dn- - -v am-b- I-W£p-Ifpw- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ- Xn-cn-®dn-bp-∂p-s≠-∂-v A-t±-lw- ]-d™p.- - - - - - - Hm-^¿- 1,-10,-069 cq-]bv°pw- _n-kn-kv- - - - tkm¿-´n-s‚- ku-Icy-߃- bm-{X-°m¿- - sIm-®n-bn¬-n-∂v- F-an-td-‰vkv- B- - bq-tdm-∏n-se- 21 -Kcßfn-te-b°pw,- tm¿-Øv- A-ta-cn-°bn-se- A-©v- tI- - - - - v- - ¢m-k-v bm-{X-°m¿-°-v 88,-068 cq-]b°pw- - -v °m-bn- H-cp-°p-∂Xn¬- F-an-td-‰vkv- {]- - - gvNbn¬- ]-{¥-≠v- hn-am-k¿-ho-kp-I- - - - {µ-ßfn-te-b°pw- B-{^n-°bn-se- tPm-lm-k_¿-Kv,- tI-∏v- Su-¨,- Zm¿-˛C˛k- - v- - - v- - -- ]p-Xn-b- Hm-^¿- kz-¥am-°mw.- Szn≥- sj- - tXy-I- Hm-^dp-Iƒ- A-hXcn-∏n-®p-hcn-I- - - - - fpw- C-¥y-bn-se- ]-Øv- tI-{µ-ß-fn¬- emw,- em-tKm-kv,- Im-kªm-¶,- Syq-Wn-kv,- Aƒ-Pn-tb-gkv,- sI-btdm,- s-btdm-_n- - v- v- v- b-dnw-K-v hy-hÿbn-em-W-v Xm-akw.- _p- - - - bm-sW-∂v- A-t±-lw- ]-d™p.- - n-∂-v 150 k¿-ho-kp-Ifpw- -SØp-∂p-≠.v - - - F-∂n-hn-Sßfn-te-b°pw- Zp-_m-bn¬-n-∂v- U-bdISv- I-W£p-Ifp-≠v.- - - v- - - v- - - - t^- t{_-°^m-Ã,v - F-Øn-t®-cp-tºmƒ- -v s^-{_p-h-cn- 15 v- A-h-km-n-°p- s^-{_p-h-cn- ap-X¬- k¿-ho-kp-I-fp-sS- -C-¥y-bn-se- ]-Øv- tK-‰v-th-I-fn¬-n-∂v- B-gv-N-bn¬- 150 hn-am--߃- F-an- B-hiy-am-b- k-lm-bw- F-∂n-hbSßn- - - - - ∂- Zp-_m-b-v tjm-∏nw-K-v s^-Ãn-hen-tm- - F-Æw- 163 B-Ipw.- td-‰k-v Hm-∏td-‰-v sN-øp-∂p-≠.v - -v - am¿-K-Z¿-i-w- I-fn- Im-cy-am-°n-b- km-n-b- k-m-n-bm- an¿-k- F-∂- t]-cp-X-s∂- C-¥y- tºmƒ- km-n-bbv°v- ap-∂n¬- ap-´p-Ip-Øn-b- tSm- - - b≥- H-m∏Wn-s‚- an-IkU-v U-_nƒ-kn-epw- F-Øn.- - - -v - °m¿-°v- A-`n-am-Øn-v- ]-cym-bam-bn- am-dn-bn-´p- - - - ]v- sS≥- Xm-cßfm-bn-cp-∂p- kzn-‰em- Ip-ks-‰v- - - v- v- v- C-tX- h¿-jw- X-s∂- tdm-fn-ß-v Km-tdm-k,v - bp.-Fk-v - ≠v.- Im-cWw- H-cp- ]-Xn-t-gp-Im-cn-bp-sS- {]-kcn-∏n¬- - - tkm,- m-Zn-bm- s]-‰tdm-hv- Xp-Sßn-bh¿.- v- - - {Km‚ v…mw- Xp-Sßn- ]-e- a-’cßfpw- ]-cn-°p-aq- - - - - - 2003˛se- hnw-_nƒ-U¨- sS-∂n-kv- Nm-ºy≥-jn-∏v- 2005˛se- bp.-Fkv- Hm-∏¨- sS-∂n-kn- - - ew- kmn-b- H-gn-hm-°n-bn-cp-∂p.- A-en-km- s¢-_tm-hbp-am-bn- tN¿-∂v- km-n-b- - - se-Øn-b- km-n-b- {Km‚ v-…mw- Sq¿-W- 2009˛¬- Hm-kt{S-en-b≥- Hm-∏¨- sS-∂n-kn-eq- v- ssI-sb-Øn-∏n-Sn-®-t∏mƒ- C-¥y-bp-sS- t]-cv- A- sa‚ v- t--Sp-∂- B-Zy-sØ- C-¥y≥- h-n- sS- {Km‚ v-…mw- a-’-c-ß-fn-te-°v- kmn-b- Xn-cn- Xp-hsc- tIƒ-°m-Ø- ta-Jebn¬- tI-´p-Xp-Sßp- - - - - Xm- Xm-cam-bn.- A-tX-h¿-jw- Hm-kt{S-en-b≥- - -v ®p-hcn-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- 2009˛s‚- B-cw-`Øn¬- X- - - I-bm-bn-cp∂p.- Bdmw- h-b-kv- ap-X¬- B-cw-`n-®- Hm-∏¨- sS-∂n-kn-s‚- aq-∂mw- du-≠v- h-sc- s∂- km-n-b˛`q-]Xn- an-IvkUv- k-Jyw- I-fn- - - - - sS-∂n-k-v k]-cy-bp-sS- e-£yw- A-∂p- ap-X¬- km- km-n-b- F-Øn.- aq-∂mw- du-≠n¬- sk-do-m- °-fØn¬- n-d™p-Ifn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- - - - n-b- t-Sn-Øp-Sßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- C-∂v- C-¥y≥- - - hn-eyw-kn-tm-S-v G-‰p-ap-´n- km-n-b- ]p-dØm-bn.- A- - Cu- Ip-d™- k-abØn-p-≈n¬- sN-dp- - - te-Uo-k-v sS-∂n-kn--v tem-IØn-p-ap-∂n¬- a-s‰m- - ß-s- dm-¶n-ß-v n-cbn¬- G-‰hpw- D-b¿-∂- C-¥y≥- - - {]m-bØn¬- C-¥y≥- te-Uo-kv- sS-∂n-kn-v- - cp- t]-cn-√.- X-∂n-se- {]-Xn-`sb- tX-®p-an-p-°n- tem- - Xm-cw- F-∂- _-lp-a-Xn- km-n-b- kz-¥-am-°n.- H-cp- m-at[-bw- ¬-In-°gn-™p km-n- b.- - - - - IØn-p-ap-∂n¬- {]-Z¿-in-∏n-®v- km-n-b- an¿-k- ap- 2005˛se- X-s∂- ssl-{Zm-_m-Zv- Hm-∏¨- sS-∂n-kv- Cu- D-bc߃- Io-gS°p-tºm-gpw- B-im-ky- - - - - t∂-dp-∂p-.- 2003˛¬- I-≠- A-tX- ]-Xn-t-gp-Im-cn- ss^-en¬- A¬-tbm-- t_m¿-Um-sd-tIm-sb- ]- - a-√m-Ø- ]-e- B-tcm-]Wßfpw- Cu- {]Xn- - - - bp-sS- {]-kcn-∏n¬.- - cm-Pbs∏-Sp-Øn U-ªyp- Sn.-F- knw-Kn-ƒk-v I-cÿ- - - - - `-bv°v- t-cn-tS-≠n-h∂n-´p-≠v.- ap-…ow- k-ap- - - 1986 hw-_¿- 16˛v- apw-ss_bn¬- kv-t]m¿- am-°n.- Cu- t-´-Øn-se-Øn-b- B-Zy- C¥y-°m- Zm-b-Øn-se- bm-Ym-ÿn-Xn-I¿- ]-e-hn-[-Øn- Svkv- tP¿-Wen-k‰m-b- C-{am≥- an¿-kbptS-bpw- - - - v- - cn-bpw- A-ßs- km-n-b- X-s∂-bm-bn.- - epw- Cu- s]¨-Ip-´n-sb- am-kn-Iam-bn- B-{I- - - 2006˛se- tZm-l-˛G-jy≥- sK-bnw-kn¬- an-®n-´p-≠.v - H-cp- a-p…ow- s]¨-Ip-´n-°-v tN¿-∂- hn- - km-n-b- knw-Knƒ-kn¬- sh-≈n- t-Sn-bXn-sm- - [-Øn-e√- km-n-bbp-sS- h-k{X-[m-cWco-Xn F- - - v- - - hy-‡n-hn-ti-jw- ∏w- a-tl-jv- `q-]Xn-bp-am-bn- tN-¿∂v- an-IkUv- - - v- - ∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p- bm-Ym-ÿn-Xn-I- hn-`m-KØn-s‚- G- - k-hn-X- D-Z-b≥- U-_nƒ-kn¬- kz¿-Whpw- t≥-Sn.- 2007 km-n-b- - ‰-hpw- h-en-b- B-tcm-]Ww.- km-n-bbp-sS- Cu- co- - - bp-sS- I-cn-bdn-se- an-I®- h¿-jw- X-s∂-bm-bn-cp- - - Xn- bp-h-Xz-sØ- h-gn-sX-‰n-°p-sa-∂p-t]m-epw- A- ko-a-bp-tS-bpw- a-I-fm-bn- P--w.- B-dmw- h-b-kv- ∂p.- bp.-Fkv- Hm-∏¨- ko-cn-kn¬- F-´mw-ÿm-w- - h¿- B-tcm]n-®p.- bm-Ym-ÿn-Xn-Icp-sS- B-{I-aWw- - - ap-X¬- A-—-s‚- Io-gn¬- km-n-b- sS-∂n-kv- ]-cn- km-n-b- I-cÿam-°n.- _m-¶v- Hm-^v- sh-kv‰v- ¢m- - - - I-fn-°fØn¬- t-cn-tS-≠n-h∂- km-n-b- an¿-kbv- - - - io-ew- B-cw-`n-®p.- ]m-Ty-hn-jbßtf-°mƒ- G- - - - - kn-°n-s‚- U-_nƒ-kv- ss^--en¬- F-Øn-b-Xv- °v- t]m-eo-k-v kw-c£WØn-s‚- B-hiy-IXt]m- - - - - - sd- sS-∂n-kn¬- Xm¬-]-cyw- Im-Wn-®- a-I-sf- am- jl¿- ]o¿- Iq-´p-sI-´p-am-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p.- ssS-bn¿- epap-≠m-bn.- ]-t£- F-Xn¿-∏n-s‚- sIm-Sp-¶m-‰n-epw- Xm-]n-Xm-°fpw- n-cp-’m-ls∏-Sp-Øn-bn-√.- ]n-∂o- - - ˛1 A-Iyp-dm- ¢m-kn-Iv- Izm¿-´¿- ss^--en¬- km- X-fcm-sX- ap-t∂-dn-b- km-n-b- C-∂-v sS-∂n-k-v tem- - Sv- ap-wss_-bn¬- n-∂pw- an¿km- Ip-Spw-_w- ssl- - n-b- F-Øn-bXpw- 2007˛¬- X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- H- - I-Øn-s‚- s-dp-I-bn¬- C-¥y≥- In-co-S-am-bn- n- {Z-_m-Zn-te-°v- Xm-akw- am-‰n.- ssl-{Zm-_m-Zv- -K¿- - tc- B-gNbn¬- aq-∂p- ]-cm-Pb߃- F-Xn-cm-fn-Iƒ- -v - - - e-n¬-°p-∂p.- kvIq-fn¬- ]-Tw- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n-b- km-n-b- sk- - - °v- k-Ωm-n-®v- km-nb- bp.-Fkv- Hm-∏Wn-s‚- aq- -- - - tI-h-ew- 18˛m-a-sØ- h-b-kn¬- bp.-F-kv- Hm- ‚ v- ta-co-kv- tIm-fPn¬-n-∂pw- _n-cp-Zw- t-Sn.- - - ∂mw-du-≠n¬- ho-≠pw- F-Øn-bX-v 2007˛¬- X-s∂- - ∏¨- sS-∂n- kn- s‚- memw- du-≠n¬- F-Øn-b- km- - - km-n-bm-bn-se- I-fn-°m-cn-sb- C-¥y- A-dn- bm-bn-cp-∂p.- -n-b- X-s‚- {]-k-cn-∏n-epw- h-kv-{X-[m-c-W-m- co-Xn- ™p- Xp-Sßp-∂Xv- 2003 ap-Xem-Wv.- C-¥y≥- s-^- - - - 2008˛se- _o-Pn-ßv- H-fn-ºnIvkn¬- s]¨-Ip- - bn-epw- X-s∂-bm-W-v B-cm-[Isc- B-I¿-jn-°p-∂- - - Uv- I∏v- So-an¬- A-ctß-‰w- -SØn-b- km-n-b- ]- - - ´n-Ifp-sS- knw-Knƒ-kn-epw- U-_nƒ-kn-epw- km-n- - Xv.- hy-‡am-bn- ]-d™m¬- k-mn-bbp-sS- sk-Iv- - - - - s¶-SpØ- aq-∂p- knw-Knƒ-k-v am-®n-epw- hn-Pbw- t- -- - b- km-∂n-≤y-adn-bn-®p.- 2008 Un-kw-_¿- 12˛v- km- - kn-b-kv-‰v- A-∏n-b-d≥-km-Wv- B-cm-[-I-sc- Gsd- Sn-.- A-tX-h¿-jw- hnw-_nƒ-U≥- Nm-ºy≥-jn-∏n¬- n-b- an¿-kb°-v sN-ss∂- bq-Wn-th-gkn-‰n- quot;tUm- - -v -v l-cw-sIm-≈n-°p-∂X.v - C-¥y-bp-sS- Cu- sk-Ikn- - -v s]¨-Ip-´n-I-fp-sS- U-_nƒ-kn¬- km-n-b-bp-sS- IvtS-gkv- Hm-^v- se-t‰-gkv'- _n-cp-Zw- ¬-In.- - v- v- sS-∂n-k-v kv‰m¿- B-cm-[I¿-°m-bn- tªm-Kpw- X-pd- - - Sow- In-co-Sw- Nq-Sn.- 2003 ap-X¬- s{]m-^jW¬- sS- - - slm-_m¿-´v-kv- -º¿-˛6 ko-Un¬- km-n-b- ∂n-´p-≠.v - X-s‚- I-gn-hpw- ku-µcy-hpw- H-cp-t]m-se- - ∂n-kn¬- {i-≤n-®p- Xp-Sßn-b- Cu- {]-Xn-`bp-sS- am- - - Izm¿-´¿- ss^-en¬- F-Øn-bXv- 2008˛em-Wv.- Hm- - - D-]tbm-Ks∏Sp-Øn- D-bcØn-te-°v- Ip-Xn-°p-∂- - - - - ‰n-v- ]-Xn-∑-S-ßv- Aw-Ko-Im-c-am-bn- 2004˛se- A-¿- kvt{S-en-b≥- Hm-∏¨- -º¿-˛31 ko-Un¬- aq-∂mw- - Cu- {]-Xn-`sb- tX-Sn- C-n-bp-ta-sd- t-´ßƒ- Im- - - Pp-- A-hm¿-Uv- F-Øn.- Cu- A-hm¿-Uv- t-Sp- du-≠v- h-sc-bpw- F-Øn-b- km-n-b- Hm-kv-t{S-en- Øn-cn-°p-∂p-≠.v -
  • 14. 14 n-b-aw- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 Ãm≥-Un¬- Sm-Iv-kn- ]m¿-°v- sN-øm≥- bq-Wn-b≥- Aw-K-Xzw- B-h-iy-an-√-:- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- SmIkn- Ãm≥-Up-Ifn¬- Im-dn-Sp-∂Xn--v bq-Wn-b≥- Aw-KXzw- - -v - - - km-[m-cW- co-Xn-bn¬- Pq-sse- 15˛-v- Xp-Sßm-dp-≈- π-kv- h-¨- - - ´n-s√-∂v- B-ISnw-Kv- No-^v- P-Ãn-kv- sP.-_n- tIm-in,- P-Ãn-kv- hn.- Kn- v- n¿-_‘n-°m-m-In-s√-∂-v tI-cf- ssl-t°m-SXn.- bq-Wn-bn¬- Aw- - - - - ¢m-kp-Iƒ- G-IPm-eI- {]-th-i- co-Xn-bn-se- A-]m-IXIƒ-aq-ew- - - - - - cn- F-∂n-hcSßn-b- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v- hy-‡am-°n.- - - - - K-am-ItWm- F-∂v- Xo-cp-am-n-t°-≠Xv- A-XXv- ss{U-h¿-am-cm-sW- - - - sk-]v‰w-_¿- 16˛-m-Wv- B-cw-`n-®sX-∂v- l¿-Pn-bn¬- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- - - ]n-Wdm-bn- hn-Pbs- t{]m-kn-Iyq-´v- sN-øm≥- kn.-_n.-sF- A- - - - ∂v- Un-hn-j≥-_©-v hy-‡am-°n.- - - C-Xp-aq-ew- 200 {]-h¿-Øn- Zn-hk߃-°p-]Icw- 122 {]-h¿-Øn- Zn-h- - - - - p-aXn- tX-Sn-b- Im-cyw- P-p-hcn- 21˛-v- Xn-cp-h¥]p-cØv- B-`y-¥- - - - - - - sse-Pp,- km-en- F-∂o- ss{U-h¿-am¿- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pn- ]-cn-K- k-߃- am-{X-ta- ]-T--Øn-v- e-`n-®p-≈q.- kn-e-_-kv- ]q¿-Øn-bm- c- a-{¥n- s]m-Xp-tbm-KØn¬- {]-Jym-]n-®Xv- k-Xy-{]-Xn-⁄m- ew- - - Wn-®m-Wv- B-IvSnw-Kv- No-^v- P-Ão-kv- sP.-_n.- tIm-in,- P-Ão-kv- hn.- - °m≥- C-Xv- A-]cym-]Xam-sW-∂pw- l¿-Pn-bn¬- kq-Nn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p.- - v- - L-am-sW-∂m-tcm-]n-®-v cm-Pp- ]p-g¶c- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pn-bm-W-v Un- - - - Kn-cn- F-∂n-hcpƒ-s∏-´- Un-hn-j≥- _-©n-s‚- hn-[n.- - C-°m-cy-Øn¬- hn-Zym¿-Yn-Ifm-cpw- ]-cm-Xn- D-∂bn-®n-´n-s√-∂pw- - - hn-j≥- _-©v- ^-ben¬- kzo-Icn-°m-sX- X-≈n-bXv.- - - - tm¿-Øv- ]-dhq¿- ]-gb- _-kv- Ãm≥-Un-p- k-ao-]ap-≈- Sm-Iv- - - - ]-co-£- H-gn-hm-°m≥- tIm-SXn-°-v n¿-tZ-in-°m-m-In-s√-∂pw- ssl- - kn- Ãm≥-Un¬- Im-dn-Sp-∂-Xn-v- l¿-Pn-°m¿-°v- a-Xn-bm-b- t]m-eo- t°m-SXn- hy-‡am-°n.- - - em-hv-en≥- tI-kv-:- t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥- kv- kw-c£Ww- ¬-Im≥- B-ep-h- dq-d¬- F-kv.]n-°p- ssl-t°m- - - - S-Xn- n¿-tZ-iw- ¬-In.- ap-]vfn- F-tÃ-‰n-se- `q-an- G-s‰-Sp-Ø- - Xo-cp-am--sa-Sp-t°-≠-Xv- k¿-°m¿- em-hv-en≥- tI-kn¬- ap≥- a-{¥n- ]n-W-dm-bn- hn-P-b≥- Dƒ-s∏- a-{¥n-am¿- Dƒ-s∏-´- 19 {In-an-¬- tI-kp-Iƒ- -S]Sn- ssl-t°m-SXn- tÃ- sN-bXp- - - - v- sS-bp-≈hsc- t{]m-kn-Iyq-´-v sN-øp-∂Xn--v A-p-aXn- ¬-Ip-∂- Im- - - - - ap-]fn- F-tÃ-‰n-se- 4896 G-°¿- `q-an- G-s‰-Sp-Ø- k¿-°m¿- - v- cy-Øn¬- kw-ÿm-- k¿-°m-cm-W-v Xo-cp-am-sa-Sp-t°-≠sX-∂-v tI- - - ]n≥-h-en-°m≥- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- A-p-a-Xn- S-]Sn- tI-cf- ssl-t°m-SXn- tÃ- sN-bvXp.- - - - - c-f- ssl-t°m-SXn- hy-‡am-°n.- - - a{- ¥n-am-cm-b- tIm-Sn-tb-cn- _m-eIr-jW≥,- tXm-ak-v sF-kI,v - - -v - - h-w- h-Ip-∏n-s‚- -S]Sn- tNm-Zyw- sN-bvXv- lm-cn-k¨- a-ebm- - - - - - I-gn-bp-sa-¶n¬- aq-∂p-am-kØn-Iw- k¿-°m¿- C-°m-cy-Øn¬- - - sI.-]n- cm-tP-{µ≥,- h¿-°e- cm-[m-Ir-jW≥- Fw-]n,- Fw-F¬-Fam- - -v - fw- I-ºn- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pn-bn-em-Wv- P-Ão-kv- F-kv.- kn-cn-PKs‚- - - - Xo-cp-am-sa-Sp-°Wsa-∂v- B-IvSnw-Kv- No-^v- P-Ão-kv- sP.-_n- tIm- - - - - cm-b- Fw.-hn- P-bcm-P≥,- cm-Pp- G-{_-lmw- F-∂n-hcpƒ-s∏-sS- `-cW- - - - -S]Sn.- l¿-Pn-bn¬- k¿-°m-cn-pw- h-w- h-Ip-∏n-pw- ssl-t°m-S- - - in,- P-Ão-k-v ]n.- `-hZm-k≥- F-∂n-hcpƒ-s∏-´- Un-hn-j≥- _-©-v kq- - - ap-∂Wn- t-Xm-°fpw- t]m-jIkw-LSm- t-Xm-°fpw- {]-Xn-Ifm- - - - - - - - - Xn- tm-´o-kv- A-b®p.- - Nn-∏n-®p.- t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥- A-p-aXn- Im-cy-Øn¬- Xo-cp-am-sa-Sp-°m- - - b- 19 {In-an-¬- tI-kp-Iƒ- ]n≥-hen-°m≥- tI-cf- ssl-t°m-SXn- - - - ]m-´- hy-hÿ- ew-Ln-s®-∂- Im-cWØm-em-W-v ap-]fn- F-tÃ-‰-v - - - -v p-≈- `-cWLSm-]cam-b- A-[n-Im-cw- k¿-°m-cn-pw- K-h¿-W¿-°p- - - - - - - A-p-aXn- ¬-In.- - h-w-hIp-∏v- G-s‰-Sp-ØXv.- ]m-´°cm-dn-se- hy-hÿIƒ- ew-Ln-®v- - - - - - - am-sW-∂v- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- C-Xn¬- dn-´v- A-[n-Im-cw- {]-Xn-Iƒ-s°-Xn-sc- {]-YaZr-jSym- sX-fn-hp-s≠-∂- Im-cWØm¬- - - -v - - 2002 ap-X¬- a-dp-]m-´Øn-v- ]-e¿-°m-bn- ¬-In-b- `q-an-bm-Wv- G-s‰- - hn-n-tbm-Kn-®v- ssl-t°m-SXn-°v- n¿-tZ-iw- ¬-Im-m-In-√.- - tI-kp-Iƒ- ]n≥-hen-°m≥- t{]m-kn-Iyq-j-v A-p-aXn- n-tj-[n-®- a- - - - Sp-°s∏-´Xv.- sIm-®n- cm-Pm-hv- 1911˛¬- ap-]vfn- hm-en- kn≥-Un-t°-‰n- - - - em-hen≥- tI-kn-se- t{]m-kn-Iyq-j-v k¿-°m-cn-s‚- A-p-aXn- -v - - Pn-kt{S-‰p-am-cp-sS- -S]Sn- P-Ão-k-v Fw.- i-in-[c≥- -ºym¿- d-±m-°n.- -v - - - v- ¬-In-b- `q-an- ]n-∂o-Sv- a-ebm-fw- πm-t‚-j≥- I-ºn-bp-sS- ssI- - - B-hiy-an-s√-∂p- {]-Jym-]n-°Wsa-∂m-hiy-s∏-´p- X-eti-cn-bn-se- - - - - - t{]m-kn-Iyq-´¿-am¿- X-ßfp-sS- hn-th-Nm-[n-Im-cw- D-]tbm-Kn- - - - h-iØn-em-Ip-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- - - ]o-∏nƒ-kv- Iu-¨-kn¬- t^m¿- kn-hn¬- ssd-‰v-kv- {]-kn-U-‚ v- Sn.- ®pw- s]m-Xp- Xm-X]cyw- ap≥-n¿-Øn-bpw- tI-kp-Iƒ- ]n≥-hen-°m≥- -v - - B-k^en,- ss{Iw- ]-{Xm-[n-]¿- Sn.-]n- -µIp-am¿- F-∂n-h¿- k-a¿- - - - A-p-Xn- tX-Sn-bX-v k¿-°m¿- n¿-tZ-i- {]-Im-cam-sW-∂p- ]-dbm-m- - - - ∏n-®- l¿-Pn-Ifm-Wv- tIm-SXn- n-ckn-®Xv.- - - - - In-√.- A-tX-kabw,- km-aq-ln-I- km-ºØn-I- cm-j{So-b- Im-cWß- - - - -v - - tem t]mbn‚ v A-tX-kabw,- Cu- tI-kn-se- t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥- A-p-aXn- {]-i-v - - - fm¬- tI-kp-Iƒ- ]n≥-hen-°m≥- k¿-°m-cn-v- A-[n-Im-cap-s≠-∂- - - w- k¿-°m-cpw- {]-Xn-Ifpw- am-{Xw- Dƒ-s∏-´- Im-cy-am-sW-∂- hm-Zw- - t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥- U-bdIS¿- P-den-s‚- hm-Zw- ssl-t°m-SXn- Aw- - - -v - - - Icn-°w-]-≈n¬ tIm-SXn- Aw-Ko-Icn-®n-√.- s]m-Xp-Xm¬-]cy-hpw- s]m-Xp-∑bpw- J- - - - - - Ko-Icn-®n-√.- - ap-Ip-µ]p-cw- Xm-eq-°n-se- sam-Øw- 6,-063 G-°¿- hn-kvXo¿-W- - - P-m-hn-s‚- -jShpw- Dƒ-s∏-´- tI-km-Wn-sX-∂v- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v- v- - n-bahn-cp-≤am-bn- {]-ISw- -Sج,- t]m-eo-kn-s- A-{I-an- - - - - - - ap-≈- ]m-´-`q-an-bn¬- a-dp-]m-´-Øn-v- -ev-In-b-Xm-bn- I-≠- 4,-896 G- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- °¬,- s]m-Xp-ap-X¬- -in-∏n-°¬- Xp-Sßn-b- Ip-‰ßƒ-°v- 2003˛¬- - - °¿- `q-an-bm-Wv- h-w- h-Ip-∏v- G-s‰-Sp-ØXv.- F-∂m¬,- ÿn-cw- ]m-´- - t{]m-kn-Iyq-j-v A-p-aXn- ¬-Ip-∂Xp-am-bn- _-‘s∏-´-v K-h¿- - - - - ap≥- k¿-°m-cn-s‚- Im-eØ-v c-Pn-ÿ- sN-øs∏-´- tI-kp-Iƒ- ]n≥-h- - - Øn-s-Sp-Ø- `q-an-bm-Wn-sX-∂pw- ]m-´Øp-I- Ir-Xy-am-bn- k¿-°m- - W¿- k¿-°m-cn-s‚- n-e]m-Sv- tX-Sn-bn-´p-≠v.- {]-iw- k¿-°m-cn-s‚- - v- en-°m≥- a-Pn-kt{S-‰p-am¿- A-p-aXn- n-ckn-®Xn-s-Xn-tc- k¿-°m¿- -v - - - cn¬- A-S°m-dp-s≠-∂pw- lm-cn-k¨- a-ebm-fw- I-ºn- ssl-t°m- - - - - ]-cn-KWbn-en-cn-s°- tIm-SXn- C-Ss]-S¬- A-]Iz-hpw- [r-Xn-]n-Sn- - - - - - - k-a¿-∏n-®- dn-hn-j≥- l¿-Pn-bn-em-Wv- ssl-t°m-SXn- hn-[n.- - S-Xn-bn¬- t_m-[n-∏n-®p.- ]m-´-°-cm¿- ew-Ln-s®-∂v- B-tcm-]n-®v- h- ®p-≈- -S]Sn-bp-am-Ip-sa-∂p- tIm-SXn- hn-ebn-cp-Øn.- k¿-°m¿- n- - - - - {]-ISam-b- A-o-Xn-bm-sW-∂pw- o-Xn-n¿-hlWw- A-ekn-∏n- - - - - - w-hIp-∏v- ¬-In-b- tm-´o-kn-v- b-Ym-kabw- a-dp-]Sn- -eIn-bn-cp- - - - - v- e-]m-S-v bp-‡n-cln-Xhpw- ]-£]m-X]chp-am-sW-∂-v t_m-[y-am-bm¬- - - - - - - °p-∂Xm-sW-∂pw- t_m-[y-am-Ip-∂- tI-kp-Ifn-te- t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥- - - ∂p.- q-dp-h¿-j-Øn-te-sd-bm-bn- tXm-´-am-bn- n-e-sIm-≈p-∂- `q-an- kz-X{¥-am-b- Xo-cp-am-sa-Sp-°m≥- K-h¿-W¿-°-v A-[n-Im-cap-s≠-∂- - - - ]n≥-hen-°p-∂Xn-p-≈- A-t]-£Iƒ- a-Pn-kt{S-‰p-am¿-°v- n-ckn- - - - v- - bn¬- B-bn-c°W°n-v- sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ- tPm-en-sb-Sp-°p-∂p-s≠- - - - kp-{]ow- tIm-SXn- hn-[n-bpw- tIm-SXn- Nq-≠n-°m-´n-bn-´p-≠v.- cm-j{So- - - v- °m≥- I-gn-bq- F-∂-v ssl-t°m-SXn- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- t-Xm-°sf- km- - - ∂pw- I-º-n- t_m-[n-∏n-®p.- k¿-°m¿- -S-]-Sn- tIm-S-Xn- hn-[n-I-fp- b- k-Ω¿-Z߃- D-≠m-bm-epw- a-{¥n-k`b°pw- kz-X{¥-am-b- Xo-cp- - - - v- - £n-Iƒ- Xn-cn-®dn-™n-´p-s≠-∂- Im-cWØm¬- A-{I-aØn-v- t{]- - - - - sS- ew-Lam-sW-∂pw- B-bn-c°W°n--v sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ-°-v tPm- - - - - - am-sa-Sp-°mw.- - cn-∏n-®X-v t-Xm-°fm-sW-∂p- ]-dbm-m-In-√.- - - - en- -jSs∏-Sm≥- C-Sbm-°p-∂Xm-sW-∂p-am-W-v l¿-Pn-bn-se- {]-[m- -v - - - em-hen≥- tI-kn¬- ssh-Zyp-Xn-t_m¿-Uv- ap≥- sN-b¿-am≥- kn.- v- - hm-Zw.- tam-lN{µ≥,- Du¿-÷hIp-∏-v ap≥- tPm-bn-‚ -v sk-{I-´dn- F.- {^m≥- - - - - - - π-kv- h-¨- s]m-Xp- ]-co-£- kn-kv,- ssh-Zyp-Xn-hIp-∏v- ap≥- a-{¥n- ]n-Wdm-bn- hn-Pb≥- F-∂n-h- - - - B-`y-¥-c- a-{¥n-s°-Xn-cm-b- sc- t{]m-kn-Iyq-´v- sN-øm-m-Wv- kn.-_n.-sF- k¿-°m-cn-s‚- A-p-a- H-gn-hm-°-W-sa-∂- l¿-Pn- X-≈n- Xn- tX-Sn-bXv.- P-p-hcn- 17˛-m-Wv- C-°m-cy-Øn¬- kn.-_n.-sF- k¿- - - πkv- h-¨- hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ-°v- Cu- h¿-jw- s]m-Xp-]co-£- H-gn- - - tIzm-hm-d-t‚m- l¿-Pn- X-≈n- °m-cn-s- k-ao-]n-®X.v - F-∂m¬,- kw-ÿm-sØ- cm-j{So-b- km-l- - - -v hm-°m≥- k¿-°m-cn--v n¿-tZ-iw- ¬-IWsa-∂m-hiy-s∏-Sp-∂- l¿- - - - em-hven≥- tI-kn¬- ]n-Wdm-bn- hn-Pbs- t{]m-kn-Iyq-´v- sN- - - - - N-cy-߃- I-W°n-se-Sp-°p-tºmƒ- t{]m-kn-Iyq-jv- k¿-°m¿- A- - - Pn- tI-cf- ssl-t°m-SXn- X-≈n.- - - øm≥- kn.-_n.-sF- A-p-aXn- tX-Sn-sb-∂v- s]m-Xp-tbm-KØn¬- {]- - - p-aXn- ¬-Im≥- C-Sbn-s√-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- l¿-Pn-°m-cp-sS- hm-Zw.- {]- - - tUm.- F.-]n.-sP- A-_Zpƒ- I-emw- ^m≥-kv- k-b≥-kv- B≥-Uv- Jym-]n-®- B-`y-¥ca{¥n- tIm-Sn-tb-cn- _m-eIr-jWs-Xn-cm-b- tIzm- v- - - - - -v - ivw- k¿-°m-cn-s‚- ]-cn-KWbn-en-cn-t°- tIm-SXn- C-Ss]-Sm≥- k- - - - - - - sS-Itm-fPn- ¢-_v- {]-kn-U‚ v- H.-]n- k-®n-Zm-µ≥- k-a¿-]n-®- l¿- hm-dt‚m- l¿-Pn- tI-cf- ssl-t°m-SXn- X-≈n.- v- - - - - - - a-b-am-bn-´n-s√-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- l¿-Pn-bn¬- ]n-W-dm-bn- hn-P-b≥- D-∂- Pn-bm-Wv- n-ckn-°s∏-´Xv.- - - - C-°m-cy-Øn¬- a-{¥n- k-Xy- {]-Xn-⁄m- ew-L-w- -S-Øn-bn- bn-®- {]-[m-- hm-Zw.- km-t¶-Xn-Iw- F-‚¿-ss{]-kv- dn-tkm-gv-kv- πm-nw-Kv- skm-eyq-j≥- 500 cq-]-bv-°v- ssa-t{Im-tkm-^v-‰v- ssU-m-an-Iv-kv- F≥-F-hn- 2009 em-]v-tSm-∏v- ssa t{Im-tkm-^‰-v tIm¿-∏td-j- - -v - t{Im-tkm-^‰-v _n-kn-k-v skm-eyq-j≥- -v - s‚- G-‰hpw- q-Xam-b- F-‚¿-ss{]-k-v - - - )- kp-im-¥v- Zzn-th-Zn- ]-d™p.- - H-cp- e-£w- cq-]-bp-sS- m-tm- Im-dp-am-bn- Sm-‰m- tam-t´m-gv-kv- N-cn- dn-tkm-gvkv- πm-nw-Kv- (C-B¿-]n-)- skm- - C-SØcw- I-ºn-Isf- kw-_‘n- - - - - - {Xw- kr-jSn-°m-sm-cp-ßp-∂Xn-p- ]n-∂m-se- sam-ss_¬- t^m-¨,- Im¬- -v - eyq-j≥- ssa-t{Im-tkm-^‰-v ssU-m-an- -v ®v- Xn-I-®pw- A-p-tbm-Py-am-b- C-B¿- °p-te-‰¿- F-∂n-htb-°mƒ- Ip-d- - Ivk-v F≥-Fhn- 2009 tI-cf- hn-]Wn-bn- - - - - ]n- skm-eyq-jm-Wn-X.v - F≥-Fhn- 2009 - - ™- hn-eb°v- em-]tSm-∏pw.- H-cp- - v- v- se-Øn-®p.- _n-kn--kv- kw-cw-`-ß-sf- se- tdmƒ- sk-‚¿- Hm-tcm- Po-h°m-c-- - ]-‰w- C-¥y≥- sF.-Sn- hn-Zym¿-Yn- A-h-bv-°v- e-`y-am-b- hn-`-h-߃- Iq-Sp- s‚-bpw- Np-aXeIƒ- hy-‡am-°p-Ibpw- - - - - - I-fm-W-v Cu- A-Z`p-X- em-]tSm-∏n- -v -v X¬- ^-e{]-Zam-bn- D-]tbm-Kn-°m-pw- - - - Np-aXeIƒ- ap≥-KWm-Sn-ÿm-Øn¬- - - - - - - s‚- A-Wn-bdbn¬.- - - A-ßs- sa-®s∏-´- D¬-]m-Z- £-aX- - - - - n¿-hln-°m≥- am¿-Kn¿-tZ-iw- ¬-Ip- - - sh-√q¿- C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´-v Hm-^-v sS- bpw- {]-h¿-Ø- an-Ihpw- ssI-hcn-°m- - - - Ivtm-fPn,- _mw-Kfq¿- ssk-‚ n-Ã-v - - - pw- ssa-t{Im-tkm-^‰-v ssU-m-an-Ik-v -v -v kv- C≥- C-¥y≥- C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´v- Hm- ^v- k-b≥-kv,- sF.- sF.-Sn- sN- sS-Iv- yq- I-bpw- sN-øp-∂p.- ss∂- F-∂n-hn-Sßfn¬-n-∂p-≈- sF.-Sn- hn-Zym¿-Yn-Ifm-Wv- sh-dpw- - - - tc-Wp- tkm-^v‰vsh-b¿- k-lm-btØm-sS- - - - 500 cq-]-bv-°v- A-Y-hm- 10 tUm-f- F≥-Fhn- 2009 k-lm-bn-°p-∂p-sh-∂v- - hn-iIew- sN-tø-≠- k-¶o¿-Wam-b- - - - - dn-v- hn-]Wn-bn-en-d°m≥- D-t±-in- - - I-ºn- kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p.- - hn-hc߃- C-gXn-cn-s®-Sp-°m-pw- Hm-tcm- - - - °p-∂- em-]vtSm-∏v- X-bm-dm-°n-bn- - {]-k‡am-b- hn-hc߃- e-fn-Xam- - - - - - Po-h°m-cs‚-bpw- ssh-ZK[yw- Ir-Xy- - - - - -v cn-°p-∂Xv.- Xn-cp-∏Xn-bn-se- sk- - - b- cq-]Øn¬- e-`y-am-Ip-tºmƒ- Po-h- - - am-bn- D-]tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øm-pw- F≥-F- - - an-I≠IS¿- tImw-πIk-v F-∂- I-ºn-bp-am-bn- k-lIcn-®m-W-v em-]tSm- - - -v - -v - - - -v °m-cp-sS- {]-h¿-Ø£aX- sa-®s∏-Sp- - - - - - hn- 2009 k-lm-bn-°p-∂p.- ∏v- ]p-dØn-d°p-∂X.v - - - - ∂p- F-∂m-W-v ]-T߃.- ssa-t{Im-tkm- - - F≥-Fhn- 2009s‚- C-¥y≥- ]-Xn-∏-v - hn-ebp-sS- Im-cy-Øn¬- N-cn-{Xw- Ip-dn-°p-∂- Cu- em-]tSm-∏n-v- 2 Pn.- - v- ^v‰-v ssU-m-an-Ik-v F≥-Fhn- 2009 sN- - -v - C-¥y-bn¬- n-ehn-ep-≈- n-ba,- n-Ip- - - _n- sa-Ωdn- (F-Ik]m≥-U_nƒ-),- ssh-ss^,- F-X¿-s-‰v- ku-Icy-ß- - v- v- - - øp-∂-Xv- C-Xp- X-s∂-bm-Wv-;- ssa-t{Im- Xn- am-ZWU߃- Iq-Sn- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn- - - -v - fp-≠v.- C-Xp- {]-h¿-Øn-∏n-°m≥- c-≠v- hm-Skv- ]-hdm-Wv- th-≠Xv.- v- - - tkm-^‰-v C-¥y-bp-sS- U-bdIS¿- (ssa- -v - - -v X-øm-dm-°n-bn-´p-≈Xm-W.v - -
  • 15. D-Xv-]-∂w- 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 15˛28 15 Ipd≥U yqh sd-{S- tImfdns‚ ]pXnb tamUp-e¿ In®¨ {]-ap-J- tam-Up-em¿- In-®≥- n¿-am-Xm-°fm- - ®-Wp-Iƒ.- {S- (em-Iz¿-),- {_n-tÃmƒ- (tkm-fn-Uhp-U)- F-∂n- -v -v ´-Sn,- ]-ØSn- h-en-∏Øn-ep-≈- In-®p-Iƒ-°-v s_- - - - b- tIm-f¿- ]p-Xn-b- In-®≥- Im-_n-‰dn- D-X]∂- - - -v - bq-tdm-∏n¬-n-∂v- C-d°p-aXn- sN-bvX- h-kv- - - - ß-s- A-©v- hy-Xy-kvX- D-Xv]∂ßfm-Wv- hn- - - - - - bvkn-Iv- B-Ikkdn-Iƒ,- Iu-≠¿-tSm-]v,- kn-¶v,- - v- - - ߃- ]p-dØn-d°n.- {^-©-v Un-ssk-¿-am-cp-sS- cq- - - Xp-°ƒ- D-]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn- ]-Wn-bn-se-Øp-∂X.v - - t^m-k-‰v- F-∂n-h-b-S-°w- aq-∂p- e-£w- cq-]-bv- ]-I¬-∏sb- A-Sn-ÿm-am-°n- A-hm¿-U-v tP-Xm- - - - ssN-bn¬- n¿-an-®hbm-Wv- - - - t{]-m-U-Iv-Sv- sse≥ B-Ikdn-Iƒ- k-ln-Xw- aq- -v - °v- e-`n-°pw.- hn-hn-[- C-¥y≥- -Kcßfn¬- F- - - - °-fm-b- sj-^p-Ifp-sS-bpw- a-‰p- A-`n-{]m-bßfn¬- - - - C-h.- {]n-eyq-Uv- (Fw-F^kn- - v- ∂p- e-£w- ap-X¬- 12 e-£w- Iv-kv-¢q-ko-hv- tjm-dq-ap-Iƒ- B-cw-`n-°m-m-Wv- n-∂-v cq-]s∏-Sp-Øn-bXm-W-v ]p-Xn-b- tam-Up-e¿- In- - - ),- Ip-d≥-U- (Fw-F^vkn-),- yq-h- (em-Iz¿-),- sd- - - cq-]- h-sc-bm-W-v tIm-f¿- In-®p-Ifp-sS- hn-e.- F- - - tIm-fdn-s‚- ]-≤Xn.- - - tam-j≥- sK-bn-anw-Kv- ku-I-cy-hp-am-bn- F¬-Pn-bp-sS- tlmw- Xo-tb-d-d¿- F ¬-Pn-bp-sS- F- tkm-Wn- F-dn-Iv-k-s‚- F-^v- 305 ®v‰n- 953 Sn-hn- hn-]Wn- - bn¬.- B-bn-cw- hm-Sk-v Hu-´v-]p-´v- D-f-f- tlmw- - -v tam-j≥- sK-bn-anw-K-v ku-Icy-ßfp-am-bn- tkm-Wn- F- - - Øv,- sa-Ωdn- Ãn-°v- ssa-t{Im- F-∂o- ku-Icy-ßfp-≠v- ]p- - - - Xo-b‰¿- kw-hn-[m-am- - - dn-Iv-k-¨- F-^v- 305 sam-ss_¬- t^m-¨- A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p- Xn-b- tam-U¬- t^m-Wn¬.- ssì- A-]v- I-h-dp-Iƒ- D-]- ∂p.- B-[p-n-I- tam-j≥- sk≥- tbm- K n- ® v- t^m- W n- s ‚- Wv- F-®v-Sn- 953 Sn-hn.- k¿- km-t¶-Xn-I-hn-Zy-bpw- Ão-cn- ssì- am-‰m-m-Ipw.- _u-fnw- tSmƒ-t_m-bn- kv- tbm- kv-]o-°-dp-I-fpw- D-]-tbm-K- Kv,- _m-kv- ^n-jnw-Kv,- tPm-°n- ]o-°dp-Iƒ,- an-I®- i- - - s∏-Sp-Øn- sK-bn-an-s‚- B-kzm-Zy- Xp-Sßn-b- tam-j≥- sK-bn-ap-I- - _vZ- hy-‡X,- B-I¿- - - X- ap-gp-h≥- A-p-`hn-°m≥- I-gn- - tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv- t^m-¨- e- j-Iam-b- cq-]I¬-∏- - - - bp-∂Xm-Wv- Cu- tam-U¬.- c-≠n- - `y-am-Ip-I.- F-∂n-h- F-®Sn- 953 Sn-v- ©v- kv{Io-tm-Sp- Iq-Sn-b- t]m-°- - slm-dn-skm-≠¬- sK-bnw- hn-sb- {]n-b-s∏-´-Xm- ‰v- h-en-∏-Øn-ep-≈- ss…-U¿- tπ,- sK-bn-anw-Kv- Io-Iƒ- F- °p-∂p.- i-_v-Z-an-I-hn- t^m-Wm-Wn-X.v - ∂n-h- sK-bn-anw-K-v Iq-Sp-X¬- B- m-bn- am¿-°-v se-hn≥- ]p-Xn-b- tem-IØn-s‚- B-h- - kzm-Zy-am-°pw.- 1999 cq-]- hn-e- k-¨- {]-tXy-I-am-bn- iy-߃-°-v A-p-kcn-®p-≈- B-[p- - h-cp-∂- 50 sK-bn-ap-Iƒ- t^m- Syq-¨- sN-bXhbm-W-v-v - - n-I- km-t¶-Xn-Ihn-Zy- D-]tbm-K- - - Wn-sm-∏ap-≈- sa-Ωdn- Ãn-°n- - - F-®v-Sn- 953 Sn-hn.- hn¿- s∏-Sp-Øp-∂- sam-ss_¬- t^m- sm-∏w- ku-P-y-am-bn- e-`n- Nz¬- k-du-≠-v am-{Sn-I-v Wm-Wn-sX-∂-v tkm-Wn- F-dn-Ik- -v °pw.- sa-Ωdn- Ãn-°-v ssa-t{Im- - kv- t{]m- sS-Itm-fPn- -v - ¨- sam-ss_¬- I-ayq-Wn-t°- t…m-´v- D-]-tbm-Kn-®v- F-Iv-kv- bp-≈Xn-m¬- kn-n-a- - j≥- P--d¬- am-t-P¿- kp-[n≥- ]m≥-U_nƒ- sa-Ωdn- ku-I- - - Iƒ- Im-Wp-∂Xpw- kw-Ko-Xw- tIƒ-°p-∂Xpw- ]p-Xn-b- A-p-`ham-Ipw.- A- - - - - am-Øq¿- ]-d™p.- - cy-hp-ap-≠.v - t]m-fm¿- ssh-‰,v - an- ©v- hn¿-Nz¬- kv-]o-°-dp-I-fn-eq-sS- 10.-1 kn-F-®v- i-_v-Zw- e-`y-am-°m-pw- c-≠v- sa-Km- ]n-Ik¬- Iym-ad,- t^m-t´m-Ifpw- kw-Ko-X- v- - - Ãn-Iv- ªm-°v- F-∂o- n-dßfn¬- F-^v- 305 sam-ss_¬- e- - - Iq-Sp-X¬- hy-‡X- -evIm-pw- I-gn-bp-sa-∂Xm-Wv- {]-tXy-IX.- hn-e- 59,- - - - - hpw- kp-lr-Øp-°fp-am-bn- ]-¶p-hb°m≥- I-gn-bp-∂- ªq-Sq- - - v- `y-am-W.v - 390 cq-].- tlm-_n- m-b-sb- sX-c-s™-Sp-°¬- quot;A-b¬-°m-c-s‚- I-e-Øn-se- ap-St°-≠n-hcp-sa-∂-v I-s≠-Øp-I.- tPm- - - {Xw- A-p-kcn-°p-∂- A-]ISIm-cn-Ifm- - - - - - tNm-dv- I-≠p-sIm-≠v- m-b-sb- h-f¿- en-°pw- a-‰p- Xn-c°p-Iƒ-°pan-Sbn¬- m- - - Wv- C-hsc-∂pw- A-dn-bp-I.- - Øm≥- H-cp-ßcp-Xv'- F-s∂m-cp- sNm-√p- - - b-sb- ]-cn-Ncn-°mpw- A-Xn-tm-sS-m∏w- - -- - Hm-a-n-®p- h-f¿-Øm-p-≈- kp-lr- ≠v.- H-cp- m-bsb- h-f¿-Øm≥- Xp-Sßp- - - k-abw- Nn-ehn-Sm-pw- I-gn-bp-tam- F-∂p- - - Øm-b- H-cp- m-bsb- B-W-v B-hiy-sa- - - ∂-Xn-p-ap-º-v F-¥n-p-th-≠n- m-bsb- - Xo-cp-am-n-°p-I.- C-hsbm-s°- km-[y-am- - ¶n¬- A-Xn-p-]‰n-b- m-bsb- sX-cs™- - - - h-f¿-Øp-∂p- F-∂-v i-cn-°pw- B-tem-Nn- Ip-sa-¶n¬- am-{Xw- H-cp- mb-sb- h-f¿- Sp-°p-I.- Xm-cXtay-- h-en-∏w- Ip-d™,- - - - °-Ww.- A-s√-¶n¬- m-b- b-Pam-pw- - - Øp-∂- Im-cyw- B-tem-Nn-®m¬- a-Xn.- ar-Zp-kz-`m-hn-Ifm-b,- A¬-]w- Ip-dpº-pw- Ip- - b-Pam-≥- m-b°pw- `m-cam-bnØo-cp-∂- - - - m-b-sb- h-f¿-Øm≥- Xo-cp-am-n- kr-Xn-bp-ap-≈- m-b°fm-Wv- C-Xn-v- D- v- - A-hÿbp-≠m-Ipw.- - - ®m¬- F-¥p- B-h-iy-Øn-m-Wv- h-f¿- Ø-aw.- ap-Xn¿-∂h¿°pw- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- H- - - - A-b¬-]-°-sØ- ho-´n-se- mb- Øm≥- D-t±-in-°p-∂X-v F-∂p- Xo-cp-am-n- - cp-t]m-se- C-S]gIm-pw- Hm-an-°m-pw- - - - - tbm-Sv- A-s√-¶n¬- H-cp- _-‘p-hn-s‚- °p-I.- Im-hen-p-th-≠n- am-{X-am-tWm,- - I-gn-bp-∂- C-hsb- ho-Sn-p-≈n-epw- h-f¿- - tbm- kp-lr-Øn-s‚-tbm- ho-´n¬- I-≠- Hm-an-°m≥- th-≠n-bm-tWm,- A-Xp-as√- - Ømw- F-∂- ku-Icy-hp-ap-≠.v - - m-btbm-Sv- tXm-∂nb- sh-dp-w- Iu-Xp-I- - ¶n¬- Cu- c-≠p- D-t±-iytØm-Spw- Iq-Sn- -- H-tc-kabw- Im-hen-pw- Hm-an-®p- - - - Øn-s‚- t]-cn¬- am-{Xw- mb-sb- h-f¿- bm-tWm- m-bsb- h-f¿-Øm≥- Xp-n-bp- - h-f¿-Øm-pw- I-gn-bp-∂- Cw- m-b°fp- v- - ∂-Xv- F-∂p- hn-e-bn-cp-Øp-I.- m-b- h- ≠v.- em-{_-tUm¿- Xp-Sßn-b- C-Øn¬- - - f¿-Øen-s‚- D-t±-iyw- Xo-cp-am-n-®m¬- - s∏-´- m-b°ƒ- Cu- c-≠p- B-hiy-߃- -v - m-bv°ƒ Acp-aIƒ - - am-{X-ta- G-Xp- X-cØn-ep-≈- m-bsb- sX-c-s™-Sp-°-Ww- F-∂p- Xo-cp-am-n- - - °pw- D-]Icn-°pw.- I-≈∑m-sc-bpw- A- - - ]-cn-Nn-Xsc-bpw- Xp-cØp-∂tXm-sSm-∏w- - - - - tPm-k-^v- B‚-W- n- °m-m-Iq.- Im-cWw- Hm-tcm- B-hiy-Øn- - - b-Pam-tm-Spw- ho-´n- se- Ip-™p-ßtfm- - - - - pw- ]-‰n-b- hn-hn-[- X-cØn-ep-≈- m-bv- - Spw- h-f-sc- ku-lm¿-±-am-bn- C-S-s]-Sp- Øm≥- C-dßn- ]p-ds∏-´m¬- n-cm-ibm- - - - °-fp-≠v.- A-Xn-m¬- Bh-iyw- F- ∂h-cm-Wv H-tc-kabw- A-Xo-h- _p-≤n- - - Ipw- ^-ew.- B-Zyw- H-cp- m-bsb- F-¥n- - s¥∂--v B-Zyw- Xo-cp-am-n-°p-I.- im-en-Ifpw- I-cp-Øcp-am-b- Cu- C-w- m- - - v- h-f¿-ØWw- F-∂p- kz-bw- tNm-Zn-°p- - Hm-tcm- B-hiy-Øn--v A-p-kcn-®-v - - bv°ƒ.- - I.- H-cp- m-bsb- -∂m-bn- h-f¿-Øm-pw- - m-b°fp-sS- h-en-∏Øn-epw- h¿-WØn- -v - - - A-Xp-sIm-≠-v H-cn-°¬- m-bsb- h- - ]-cn-Ncn-°p-hm-p-ap-≈- k-abhpw- km-º- - - - epw- B-Ir-Xn-bn-ep- kz-`mh-Øn-epw- hy- f¿-Øm≥- Xo-cp-am-am-bm¬- F-¥p- B- Øn-I- ku-Icy-hpw- D-t≠m- F-∂p- kz- - Xym-kap-≠.v - Im-hen-m-bn- am-{Xw- D-≈- - - h-iy-Øn-v- G-Xp- C-w- m-b-sb- th- bw- hn-ebn-cp-Øp-I.- H-cp- m-bsb- ]-cn- - - m-b-sb- Hm-a-n-®p- h-f¿-Øm-pw- Ip- ∂-Xn-se- H-cp- kp-{]-[m-- L-SIam-W.v - - - Du¿-P-kz-e-cp-am-b- C-w- m-bv-°-sf- Ww- F-∂p- Xo-cp-am-n-°p-I.- F-¶n¬- m- ]m-en-°p-∂Xn-p-th-≠n- `-£Ww,- a-cp- - - ™p-ßfp-sS- Iq-sS- I-fn-°m-pw- hn-Sm- - Im-hen-p-th-≠n- am-{X-am-sW-¶n¬- - sX-cs™-Sp-°Ww.- C-Øcw- m-bv°- - - - - b- h-f¿-ج- F-fp-∏am-Ipw.- - ∂p-Iƒ,- a-‰p- Nn-ehpIƒ- Xp-Sßn-b- Im- - -- - m-In-√.- A-Xp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂- B-hiyw- h-en-b- i-co-c{]-Ir-Xn-bp-≈- ap-g°ap-≈- - - - - - sf- ]-cn-]m-en-°p-∂Xn-v- Nn-ehv- Iq-Spw- - - A-Sp-Ø- e-°Øn¬-:- cy-߃-°m-bn- F-¥p- Xp-I- H-cp- amkw- F-¥-v F-∂X-v m-bsb- sX-cs™-Sp-°p- i-_ZØn¬- Ip-cb°p-∂- I-cp-Ø∑m-cpw- - - - -v - - -v - F-∂pw- an-°hm-dpw- H-cp- b-Pam-s- am- - - - m-bsb- I-s≠-ج-.- -
  • 16. cmyk CROSSROAD 2009 February 15-28 16 KERML-12303/11/1/2005-TCM 6/59746/2004. Edited, Printed and Published by Michael Varghese on behalf of Crossroad, P.B.No:4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Near Pottakkuzhy Little Flower Church, Kaloor P.O., Kochi-682017, Kerala, India and Printed by him at Cherrys Printers, LFC Road, Kaloor, Kochi-682 017. Managing Editor: Michael Varghese Executive Editor: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil Mobile: +91 9847738883 Email: editor.crossroad@gmail.com cmyk