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Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 02 2008 Dec 15-31
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Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 02 2008 Dec 15-31

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Crossroad is a Malayalam Tabloid fortnightly newspaper with full of news, views and information. It includes Business, Products, Management, Real Estate, Banking, Insurance, Tax, Share Market, Health, …

Crossroad is a Malayalam Tabloid fortnightly newspaper with full of news, views and information. It includes Business, Products, Management, Real Estate, Banking, Insurance, Tax, Share Market, Health, Medicine, Fashion, Travel, Hospitality, Cinema, Sports, Hobby, Literature, Arts, Vehicle, Law and more, which is publishing 1st and 15th of every month from Kochi, Kerala State, India.

Address: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil, Executive Editor, Crossroad, P.B.No: 4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Kaloor P.O., Kochi-682017, Kerala, India. E-mail: karikkampallil@gmail.com Mobile: + 91 9847738883


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  • 1. cmyk hm¿- Ø - I ƒ - m - e p- ] m- S p- n- ∂ p- w - 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 I sIm-®n- I ]p-kv-X-Iw- 03 I e-°-w- 02 I t]-Pv- 16 I hn-e- 10 cq-]- tIc-f-Øn¬ hnhn[ cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-°m¿ t]meo-kns‚ tdmƒ Gs‰-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-s-°p-dn®v ]m¿´n-t∏m-eokv ! sP-bv-k¨- sk_m-kv-‰y≥- - - - tXm-a-kv- a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]-≈n¬- tIcfØn¬- t]m-eo-k-v tÃ-jp-Ifp-sS- am-‰-v Ip-dbp-∂p.- C-t∏mƒ- {I-akam- - [m-- ]-cn-]m-ehpw- {]-i]cn-lm-chpw- Nn-e- cm-j{So-b- ]m¿-´n-°m¿- G-s‰-Sp-Øn- - - -v - - cn-°p-Ibm-Wv.- Hm-tcm- ÿ-esØ- `p-cn-]£w- A-p-kcn-®m-Wv- Hm-tcm- ]m¿-´n-°m- - - - - - -v - - - - cpw- ssI-bq-°n¬- Im-cyw- -SØp-∂Xv.- t]m-eo-kv- tÃ-jn¬- Xo¿-t°-≠- Im-cy- - - - ߃- ]m¿-´n- Hm-^o-kv- tI-{µo-Icn-®m-Wv- Xo-cp-am-n-°p-∂Xv.- C-Xn-v- sIm-Sn-bp-sS- - - n-dßtfm- `-cW˛{]-Xn-]£- t`-Zßtfm- _m-[Ia√.- D-Zm-lcWØn-v- am¿-Ikn- - - - -- - - - - - - - - - v- Ãv- ]m¿-´n-°v- ]-‰p-∂n-SØv- A-h¿- ap-jvIv- Im-´pw.- _n.-sP.-]n-°m¿-°v- I-gn-bp-∂n-S- - - Øv- A-h¿- _-ew- ]n-Sn-°pw.- A-{X-X-s∂.- h-f-cp-∂-Xv- k-am-¥-c- ]m¿-´n-t∏m-eo-kv- tÃ-jp-Iƒ-!- t]m-eo-kn-s‚- tdmƒ- G-s‰-Sp-°p-∂Xn--v ]m¿-´n-°m¿-°-v H-cp- _p-≤n- - - ap-´p-an-√.- X-߃-°-v C-jSs∏-Sm-Ø- Im-cy-߃-°-v a¿-±Øn-eq-sS- a-dp-]Sn- sIm-Sp- -v - - - - °m≥- C-°q-´¿- a-Sn-°p-∂n-√.- ]m¿-´n-t∏m-eo-kn-s‚- tZ-tlm-]{Z-hw- G¬-°p-∂- hm¿- - Øm-te-JIcp-sS- F-Æw- Iq-Sn- Iq-Sp-Ibm-W.v - m-´n¬- A-c£n-Xm-hÿ- h-fcp-∂- H- - - - - - - cp- co-Xn- C-ßs-bm-Wv.- - A-Sp-Ø- Im-eØv- ]-{X-ßfp-sS- {]m-tZ-in-I- t]-Pp-Ifn-se- hm¿-ØIfn-eq-sS- - - - - - I-tÆm-Sn-®m¬- H-cp- Im-cyw- hy-‡am-Ipw.- ]-ecpw- ]-cm-Xn- t]m-eo-kn-√- k-a¿-∏n- - - - °p-∂Xv.- Iq-Sp-X¬- ]-cm-Xn-Ifpw- {]m-tZ-in-I- ]m¿-´n- Hm-^o-kn-em-Wv- F-Øn-°p-∂- - - Xv.- ]n-Sn-®p-]dn-bpw- o-Xn-n¿-hlWhpw- H-cp- ÿ-eØp- n-∂p- X-s∂- e-`y-am-Ipw.- - - - - - h-ben¬- sIm-bvØp- b-{¥w- C-d°m≥- A-t]-£- -evtI-≠Xv- ]m¿-´n- Hm-^o-kn- - - - - - em-W.v - tPm-en- sN-øm-sX- A-´n-adn,- tm-°p-Iq-en- F-∂n-h- km-[m-cW°m-cp-sS- Ip- - - - Øn-p- ]n-S®p- ta-Sn-°m≥- t-Xr-Xzw- -eIp-∂Xv- sXm-gn-em-fn- kw-c£Ww- F-∂- - v- - - - te-_en¬- ]m¿-´n-°m-cm-Wv.- ]n-cn-hp- Ip-‰n-Ifp-am-bn- F-hn-sS- tI-dn- sN-∂pw- `o-£- - - Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn- ]-Ww- ]n-cn-°p-∂Xv- ]m¿-´n-°m-cm-Wv.- sI-´n-Sw- ]-Wn-btWm- th-≠- - - tbm- F-∂p- Xo-cp-am-n-°p-∂X-v ]m¿-´n-°m-cm-W.v - sX-ßn¬- I-bdp-∂Xpw- C-dßp-∂- - - - - Xpw- ]m¿-´n-bp-sS- n¿-tZ-i- {]-Im-cam-Wv.- I-eym-W,- h-kvXp- C-Sn-e°m¿- Im-ip- - - - - ≠m-°p-∂X-v ]m¿-´n-t∏-c-v D-]tbm-Kn-®m-W.v - Np-cp-°Øn¬- k¿-h- ta-JeIfn-epw- ]- - - - - - - W-ap-≠m-°m≥- ]m¿-´n-t∏m-eo-kv- C-Ss]-Spw.- ]m¿-´n-°m-cp-sS- C-S]Sep-Iƒ- sIm- - - - - ≠v- k-ln-sI-Sp-∂X-v A-°q-´sc- A-[n-Im-cØn-te-‰m≥- Iyq- n-∂-v thm-´p- sN-øp-∂- - - - ]m-hw- thm-´¿-am-cpw-!- (Xp-S¿-∂p- hm-bn-°p-I:-- k-am-¥c- t]m-eo-k-v kvt‰-jp-Iƒ-˛t]-P-v 3)- - - - CROSSROAD read crossroad at www.rediscoverkerala.com Online t{ImkvtdmUnv Hm¨sse≥ ]Xn∏v ae-bm-f-Ønse P-{]nb hm¿Øm ssZhm-cn-I-bmb t{ImkvtdmUpw ka-Im-enI {]ta-b-߃°m-bp≈ A¥¿tZ-iob ae-bm-fw-˛-Cw-•ojv amkn-I-bmb do˛-Un-kvI-h¿ tIcfbpw tN¿∂p≈ kwcw-`w. crossroad graphics doUn-kvI-h¿ tIcf tUm´v tIman¬ t{ImkvtdmUv hmbn-°mw. cmyk
  • 2. 2 2 ^m-j-≥- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 {]-Im-i-Øn-p- Iq-´m-bn- Pm-eIfp-sS- `w-Kn- Iq-´p-∂- - - - °p-∂X.v - tIm¿-∏td-‰-v B-ÿm-w- - - hn≥-tUm- ^m-j≥-kv- D-Xv-]-∂- U¬-ln-bn-em-W.v - apw-ss_,- _mw- ߃- ^m-j≥- X-cw-Kw- D-W¿-Øp- K-fq¿,- sN-ss∂,- sIm-®n,- ssl-Z- ∂p.- hn≥-tUm- I-hdn-Mv- hn-]Wn- - - cm-_m-Zv,- A-lΩZm-_m-Zv,- ]q-s,- - - bn¬- tem-IØn-se- ap≥-n-c°m- - - m-K]q¿,- sIm¬-°Ø- F-∂n-hn- -v - cpw- B¿-°n-sS-IvNd¬- D¬-]∂- - - - S-ßfn¬- am¿-°‰n-M-v Hm-^n-kp-I- - - ß-fp-sS- n¿-am-Xm-°-fp-am-b- l- fp-≠.v - ≠¿- U-•kv- hn-hn-[- n-cIfn-ep- - - - Sn- kn- F-kv,- sF-^sf-Ikv,- v- v- ≈- I¿-´p-Iƒ- tI-cfØn¬- F- - - - bm-lq,- A-sk≥-Nz¿,- k-Xyw- I- Øn-®p.- ºyq-´¿- kn-Ãw-kv,- Hm-d°nƒ,- F- - _m-se- t{U-∏dn- jo-b¿,- Up- - ®v- kn- F¬,- Ãm≥-tU¿-Uv- Nm¿- b-‰-v l-Wn-tImw-_-v tj-U,v - kn¬- t´-Uv,- sF- _n- Fw,- dn-eb≥-kv,- - lu-´v- hn≥-tUm- tj-Un-Mv,- eq-an- F-®v- kn- F¬,- F-®v- sF- F- -‰v- ss{]-h-kn- jo-b¿,- hn-Kv-s- F¬,- C-µn-cm-Km-‘n- C-‚¿-m-j- s‰- hn≥-tUm- tj-Un-Mv- Xp-Sßn- - W¬- F-b¿-t]m¿-´v- Xp-Sßn-bh- - - b-h-bm-Wv- l-≠¿- U-•-kn-s‚- bm-W-v I-ºn-bp-sS- Nn-e- {]-ap-J- - l-≠¿- U-•-kv- hn≥-tUm- I-h-dnw-Kv-kv- D¬-]∂- t{i-Wn-bn¬- {]-ap-Jam- - - tIm¿-∏td-‰-v C-S]m-Sp-Im¿.- - - b-h.- {]-Im-iØn--v F-√m-Øn-t- - tI-cfØn¬- sIm-®n-bn-em-W-v - - bpw- am-‰m-m-Ipw- F-∂-v l-≠¿- U- l-≠¿- U-•-kn-s‚- B-Zy- Km-e- •-k-v kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p.- dn- Xp-d∂n-´p-≈X.v - ssh-‰n-ebn-se- - - - D-]-tbm-‡m-°-fp-sS- B-h- ªm-¶-v hn≥-tUm- Un-ssk-t-gkn- -v iym-p-kcWw- hy-Xy-kXßfm- - - v- - - s‚- `m-Kam-bm-W-v A-dp-∂q-d-v N-Xp- - b- h-ep-∏Øn-epw- n-dØn-epw- I- - - c-{i- A-Sn- hn-kvXo¿-Wap-≈- Km- - - h-dnw-Kp-Iƒ- e-`y-am-W.v - am-p-hepw- - e-dn- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-I.- I-ºn- C- - tam-t´m-ssd-kv-Up-am-b- ssª≥- ¥y-bn¬- hn¬-°p-∂- F-√m- D¬- Up-Iƒ- D-≠v.- dn-tam-´v- kw-hn-[m- ]-∂ßfpw- Km-edn-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cn- - - - -ßfp-am-Imw.- N-Xp-c{i- A-Sn-°-v - - °pw.- Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn-se- A-©m- 60 cq-]- ap-X¬- 500 cq-]- h-sc-bp- a-sØ- Km-edn-bm-Wn-X.v - C-¥y-bn- - ≈-Xm-W-v km-[m-cW- hn≥-tUm- I- - sem-´m-sI- 15 Km-edn-Ifm-Wp-≈- - - h-dnw-Kp-Iƒ.- Xv.- k-ao-]- `m-hn-bn¬- 10 F-Æw- s-X¿-e≥-Uv-kn-se- tdm-´¿- Iq-Sn- Xp-d°pw.- - Umw- B-ÿm-am-°n- 1919˛¬- {]- - Iq-Sp-X¬- cq-]`w-Kn-bn¬- kp- - h¿-Øam-cw-`n-®Xm-Wv- l-≠¿- - - - J-Icam-b- A-¥co-£w- kr-jSn- - - - v- U-•k.v - sam-Øw- 164 I-ºn-Ifm- - - - °p-∂- D¬-]-∂-߃- sIm-®n-bn- Wv- {Kq-∏n-ep-≈X.v - q-dn-e[n-Iw- cm- - - epw- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂Xn¬- A-Xn- - - - Py-ßfn¬- hym-]n-®p-In-S°p-∂- C- - - bm-b- B-Àm-Z-ap-s≠-∂v- D-Zv-Lm- h-bn¬- 65 n¿-am-W- bq-Wn-‰p-I- S-®Sßn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-Ø- I-ºn- - - - - fpw- 99 A-kw-ªn- bq-Wn-‰p-I-fpw- bp-sS- C-¥y- Hm-∏-td-j≥-kv- am- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-∂p.- B-sI- 19,-000 Po-h- t-Pn-Mv- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- ]n.-sI.- kp- -°m-cm-W-v I-ºn-bn-ep-≈X.v - C- - - µ-c- aq¿-Øn- hy-‡am-°n.- D-]tbm- - - ¥y-bn-se- {]-h¿-Ø-w- 1995˛¬- ‡m-hn-s‚- B-hiy-IXbpw- Xm¬- - - - B-cw-`n-®p.- cm-Py-sØ- n¿-am-W- ]-cy-ßfp-ap-kcn-®m-W-v `q-cn-`m-Kw- - - - tI-{µ-hpw- A-kw-ªn- bq-Wn-‰pw- D¬-]∂ßfpw- X-øm-dm-°n-bn-´p- - - - kn¬-hm-k-bn-em-Wv- {]-h¿-Øn- ≈-sX-∂pw- aq¿-Øn- Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.- ln-a- s{S≥-Uv sh¬-h-‰v- ]m-h-Iƒ- {In-kvakv- th-fbn¬- ho-Sp-Ifn¬- Xq-°n-bn-Sm-pw- k-Ωm- - - - - -v - - - - - -am-bn- -eIm-pw- sh¬-h‰v- ar-Kcq-]߃.- Iq-Sp-X¬- kzm- v- - - `m-hn-IXb°m-bn- Xq-hep-Ifpw- D-]tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.- -
  • 3. sabn≥ kv-t‰m-dn- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 3 k-am-¥-c- t]m-eo-kv- kv-t‰-j-p-Iƒ quot;quot;`m-cXsa-∂p-tI-´m¬...''- B-flm-`n-am-- - - c-m-b- quot;{]-Xn'- `o-j-Wn-°p-ap-∂n¬- h-g- hym-tP-- F-¥p- sIm-≈cp-Xm-baIfpw- - v- - - Cu- cm-j{v- S-ob°m¿- o-Xn-ym-bw- -SØp- - - - t]m-eo-kv- kvt‰-jp-Iƒ-°pw- tIm-SXn- - - - ap-≈- H-cp- i-cm-icn- `m-cXo-bv- C-∂v- `m- - - - ßn- ]m¿-´n- Hm-^o-kn-se-Øp-∂p.- ]n-s∂- sN-øp-Ibpw- A-Xn-s-sb-√mw- ym-bo-I- - ∂p- F-∂- hym-tP-- k-m-[m-c-W-°m-c- Iƒ-°pw- t-sc- sIm-™w- Im-´p-Ibm- - - c-X-w- F-∂p- tI-´m¬- R-c-ºp-I-fn¬- c- h-nkXm-chpw- hm-Z{]-Xn-hm-Zhpw- -S°p- - -v - - - - cn-°p-Ibpw- sN-øp-∂- ]m¿-´n-bpw- A-Xn- - p-ta¬- A-Xn-{I-ahpw- I-S∂p-Ib‰hpw- - - - - - - Wn-h¿.- cm-Py-sØ- F-√m- {]-iv--߃- ‡w- Xn-f°p-∂X-v kz-¥w- cm-Py-sØ-°p- - - ∂p.- F-√m-‰n-p-sam-Sp-hn¬- kzm-`m-hn-Ia- - s‚- a-XXo-{h-hmZn-Ifm-b- t]m-jI- kw- - - - S-Øp-∂- I-mcyØn¬- am-{Xw- H-‰s°-´m- - -- - °pw- C-Ø-cw- k-am-¥-c t]m-eo-kv- kv- dn-®p-≈- A-`n-am-w-sIm-≠√,- a-dn-®v- cm- - m-bpw- ]m¿-´n- A-p-Iq-en-bm-b- ]-cm-Xn-°m- L-SIfpw-,- ]n-s∂- hn-πhw- {]-kw-Kn-°p- - - - - Wv.- A-hn-sS- am-{Xw- sIm-Sn-°v- n-d-t`-Z- t‰-jp-Iƒ-°pw- tIm-SXn-Iƒ-°pw- F-¥p- - jv-{So-b-Øn-s‚- t]-cn¬- Cu- c-m-Py-Øv- c-v- A-p-Iq-e-am-b- hn-[n- h-cp-∂p.- ]-e- I-bpw- km-[m-c-W-°m-c-p-th-≠n- -n-e- hp-an-√,- sN-øp-∂- h-rØn-tI-Sn-s‚- Im-cy- - {]-k‡n-bm-Wp-≈X!-- - - km-[m-cW°m-cp t-sc -S°p-∂- A-- - - - - t∏m-gpw- H-‰s∏-´hpw- F-Xn¿-°m≥- {Xm- - - - sIm-≈p-∂p- F-∂p- ho-ºp-]-d-bp-I-bpw- Øn¬- A-`n-{]m-b- hy-Xy-mkhp-an-√.- Im- - - G-I]£o-bam-b- hn-[n- {]-Jym-]n-°p-I- - - - Xn-{I-aßtfmSp-≈- tcm-jØn-s‚- t]-cn- - - Wn-bn-√m-Øhp-am-b- quot;{]-Xn'- k- - - bp-w- `o-jWn- bn-eq-sS- A-Xv- -S∏m-°p-I- - - - em-Wv.- Cu- c-mPy-Øv- P-n-®X-n¬- A-`n- - am-¥c- t]m-eo-kn-s≥-d- hn-[n-°p- - bpw- sN-øp-∂- C-Øcw- kw-hn-[m-߃- - - am-w-sIm-t≈-≠Xn-p ]Icw-,- A-]am- - - - - - ap-∂n¬- A-Sn-bdhp- ]-dbp-∂p.- A- - - - km-[m-cW°m-cm-b- Hcp- ]u-c-v F-¥p- - - - - w- k-ln-t°-≠n-hcp-∂- i-cm-icn- ]u-c- - - ß-s- {Z-hy-jShpw- am-lm-n- - -v - - ym-bam-W-v ¬-Im≥- I- - v- kz-¥w- cm-Py-tØm-Sv- ]p-—am-Wv- ]-e- - bpw- kw-`hn-°p-∂- km-[m-cW°m- - - - gn-bp-I?- t∏m-gpw- tXm-∂p-I.- A-Xn-s‚- ap-gp-h≥- D- c-cp-sS- F-Æw- Zn-htk-- Iq-Sn-hcn- - kz-¥w- ]m¿-´n-bp-sS- Aw- Ø-chm-ZnØ-hpw- Cu- cm-Py-sØ- F-Æn- - I-bpw- sN-øp-∂p.- K-߃-°pw- A-p-`m-hn- b-msem-Sp-ßm-Ø- cm-j{So-b- ]m¿-´n-Iƒ- - v- kzm-`m-hn-Iam-bpw- A-Øcw- ]o-U- - - Iƒ-°pw- ym-bw- F-∂- hym- - - °pw- A-h¿- kw-L-Sn-X-am-bn- H-‰-s∏-´- -߃- A-p-`hn-t°-≠n-hcp-∂- - - tP-- A-ym-bam-b- t-´ßƒ- - - hs‚- t¿-°-v -SØp-∂ I-S∂m-{I-aW- - - - h¿-°v- kz-¥- cm-Py-tØm-Spw- A- hp-am-W.v - C-Øcw- I-S∂m-{I-aWØn-s‚- - - - - hn-Sp-sØ- Ip-Øgn-™- cm-j{v- So-b- - G-‰hpw- -√- D-Zm-lcWam-W-v cm-j{So-b- - - - - -v ˛km-ap-Z-m-bn-I- hy-h-ÿn-Xn-tbm- ]m¿-´n-I-fp-sS- quot;k-am-¥-c- t]m-eo-kv- kv- Spw- ]-p—w- tXm-∂p-Ibpw- A-Xn-s‚ - - t‰-jp-Iƒ'.- - t]-cn¬- tNm-cXn-f°p-Ibpw- sN- - - - F-¥m-Wv- Cu- k-a-m-¥-c- t]m-eo-kv- kv- øp-∂X-v Xn-I®pw- kzm-`m-hn-Iw.- h- - - t‰-jp-Iƒ-?- Cu- cm-Py-Øv- n-ba߃- - - - - kvXp- X-¿°w-,- h-gn-X¿-°w,- A-Xn- - - -S∏n-em-°p-hm-pw- ym-bhy-hÿ- D-d- - - - {I-an-®p- I-S-°¬,- ]n-Sn-®p-]-dn- ∏p-hcpØp-hm-pw- t]meo-k-v kvt‰-jp- - -- - - °¬,- tm-°p-Iq-en,- ]-Wkw_- - I-fpw- tIm-SXn-Ifp-ap-≠v.- A-ym-bsØ- - - - ‘-am-b- hy-hlm-c߃-...- A-ß- - - F-Xn¿-°p-hm-pw- ym-bw- -S∏n-em-°m- - s- F-¥n-pw- G-Xn-pw- quot;]-cn-lm- p-ap-≈- H-cp- cm-Py-Øn-s‚- Hu-tZym-Kn-I- cw'- D-≠m-°m-p-≈- k-am-¥c- hy- - kw-hn-[m-ßfm-Wv- A-h.- P-m-[n-]Xy- - - - h-ÿn-Xn-bm-bn- h-f-cp-I-bm-Wv- aq-ey-߃- ap-dp-°n-∏n-Sn-°p-∂- H-cm-fpw- {]- ]m¿-´n- Hm^o-kp-Iƒ.- hn-[n- Xn-I- kvXp-X- kw-hn-[m-sØ- F-Xn¿-°p-Ibp- - - - ®qw- G-I]£o-bw- B-bn-cn-°pw- F-∂p- - - - an-√.- H-cp- cm-Py-Øn-se- ym-bhyhÿ- - -- - ]-d-tb-≠-Xn-√-t√m.- A-Xm-Wv- m-´n-se- k-pKaam-bn- -S∏m-°p-∂Xn--v A-h- H-´pw- - - - - - km-[m-cW°c-v t-cn-tS-≠n-hcp∂- G- - - - - - -- H-gn-®p-Iq-Sm-ØXp-am-W.v - A-Xn¬- B¿-°p- - ‰-hpw- hen-b- Zp-c¥hpw.- - w- H-cp- X¿-°hp-an-√Xm-pw.- - - t]me-okv- kvt‰-jp-Isf-bpw- tIm-SXn- - - - - - F-∂m¬- cm-j{v- So-b- ]m¿-´n-Ifp-sS- Hm^o- - I-sf-bpw- I-h-®p-h-®v- cm-jv-{So-b- ]m¿-´n- kp-Iƒ- t]m-eo-k-v kvt‰-jp-Ifp-sS-bpw- - - - I-fp-sS- C-Øcw- k-am-¥c- t]m-eo-k-v kv- - - tIm-SXn-Ifp-sS-bpw- ÿm-w- kz-bw- G- - - t‰-jp-Ifpw- tIm-SXn-Ifpw- h-fcp-∂Xv- Zq- - - - - - s‰-Sp-Ø-v quot;ym-bw'- -S∏m-°m≥- {i-an-°p- - c-hym-]Iam-b,- - A-]ISIcam-b- hn-]Øn- - - - - - - - - I-bpw,- quot;hn-[n'- I¬-]n-°p-Ibpw- quot;in-£'- - te-°p-≈- Nq-≠p-]eIbm-W.v - - - - -S∏m-°p-Ibp-w- sN-øp-∂n-SØm-Wv- k- - - - C-Øcw- k-am-¥c- t]meo-k-v kvt‰-jp- - - - - am-¥c- t]m-eo-k-v kvt‰-j≥- F-∂- A-]- - - I-fp-sS- XnÆ- n-ctß-≠n-hcp∂- km-[m- - - -- I-Sw- ]-Xn-bn-cn-°p-∂X.v - - c-W°m-cm-b- quot;{]-Xn-Iƒ-°'- ym-bw- e`n- - v C-Øcw- k-am-¥c- t]m-eo-k-v kvt‰-jp- - - - °n-√- F-∂p-am-{X-a√,- B-flm`n-am-w- {h- - I-fp-sS- {]-h¿-Øco-Xn- C-ßs-bm-W.v - - - - W-s∏-Sp-I-bpw- {Z-hy--jv-Sw- D-≠m-I-p-I- kzm-`m-hn-Iam-bpw- Xm≥- Aw-Ktam- A-s√-- - bpw- sN-øp-∂p F-∂Xm-W-v G-‰hpw- ]-cn- - - ¶n¬- X-n-°v- A-p-`m-h-tam- D-≈- H-cp- Xm-]-I-c-am-b- h-iw.- {]-tXy-In-®pw- km- ]m¿-´n-bp-sS- Hm-^o-kn-te-°m-Ipw- ]-cm- º-Øn-I-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´- G-sX-¶-n- Xn-°mc≥- ]-cm-Xn-bp-am-bn- t]m-Ip-I.- ]- epw- {]-iØn-t∑-ep-≈- ]-cmXn- Xo¿-°- -v - c-Ww,- km-[m-cW°m-cs- hn-c´n-bpw- `o- - - - - D-≠m-°n-s°m-Sp-°p-Ibpw- A-Xn-s‚- t]- - cm-Xn- In-´n-bm-ep-S-s- ]m¿-´n- Hm-^o-kn- em-sW-¶n¬ A-Xn¬- -s√m-cp- ]-¶-v ]m¿- j-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bpw- A-ym-bam-bn- ]m¿- - cn¬- ]m¿-´n-°pw- A-Xn-s‚- t-Xm-°∑m¿- - se- tOm-´m- t-Xm-hv- quot;F-Xn¿-I£n'-sb- - ´n- ^-≠n-te-°pw- ]m¿-´n- Hm-^o-kn-se- sN-øp-∂- ]m¿-´n-Ifpw- A-Xn-s‚- t]m-j- - ´n- ^-≠nte-°pw- tOm-´m- t-Xm-°∑m- -- - °pw- km-ºØn-I- t-´ßƒ- D-≠m-°p- - - Hm-^o-kn-te-°-v hn-fn-∏n-°p-∂p.- h-cm≥- X- tOm-´m- t-Xm-°∑m-cp-sS- t]m-°‰n-te- - - I- kw-LSIfp-am-W-v C-Øcw- k-am-¥- - - - - - cp-sS- t]m-°‰n-te-°pw- H-gp-Ip-∂- ]-Ww- - I-bpw- sN-øp-I- F-∂Xn-∏p-dw- C-Øcw- - - - øm-dm-bn-s√-¶n¬- `-o-j-Wn-bp-sS- kz-c- °pw- t]m-Ipw- F-∂Xm-W-v ]-cam¿-∞w.- - - c- t]m-eo-kv- kvt‰-jp-Ifp-sS- {]-[m-- - - - c-≠p-Iq-´¿-°pw- I-b°n-√t√m.- -v - k-am-[¥c- t]m-eo-k-v kvt‰-jp-Iƒ-°-v - - - Øn-em-W-v A-Sp-Ø- kw-km-cw.- ]-et∏mg- - sIm-Sn-bp-sS- n-d-t`-Z-sa-ty- F-√m- cm- D-]⁄m-Xm-°ƒ.- cm-Py-sØ- o-Xn-ym-b- hy-hÿItfm-- - th-sd- Hcp- e-£y-hp-an-√Xm-pw.- k-Ie- - - pw- {]-tXy-In-®v- G-sX-¶n-epw- ]m¿-´n-tbm- jv{Sob- ]m¿-´n-Ifpw- C-Xn-v- D-Øchm-Zn- - - - - sIm-Sn-bp-sS- n-d-hy-Xym-kØn-s‚-bpw- Sp-≈- G-‰hpw- h-en-b- sh-√p-hn-fn-bm-Wv- - am-- {In-an-¬˛am-^n-bm- k-w-L-߃- Sv- A-p-`m-h-tam- ]m¿-´n- X-e-ß-f-n¬- ]n- I-fm-Wv.- {]-tXy-In-®v,- tZ-ikvt-lhpw- - - - cm-jv{So-b- tN-cn-Xn-cn-hn-s‚-bpw- t]-cn¬- - cm-jv{So-b- ]m¿-´n-Ifp-sS- C-Øcw- k-am- - - - °pw- Iq-´p-n¬-°p-∂p-- C-Øcw- cmjv{So- - - Sn-]m-tSm- C-√m-Ø- sh-dpw- km-[m-cW°m- - - a-Xkt-lhpw- Du-´n-bp-d∏n-°m≥- F-∂- - -v - - X-Ωn¬-Ø√n- X-eIo-dp-∂- A-Wn-Ifp-≈- - - - ¥-c- t]meo-kv- kvt‰-jp-Iƒ.- -Ωp-sS- - - b-°m-¿.- n-b-aw- A--[n-Ir-X- C-d-®n- hn-ev-]--im-e-Iƒ- A-S-®p-]q-´-Ww-:- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- kw-ÿm--Øv- sse≥-kn-√m-sX- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂- A- d-®n- s]m-Xp-P--߃- Im-¨-sI- {]-Z¿-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xp- X-S-b-W- -S-]-Sn-Iƒ- n¿-Øn-h-bv-°m-p-≈- hn-[n- ]p--c-h-tem-I-w- -[n-Ir-X- C-d-®n- hn-ev-]--im-e-Iƒ- A-S-®p-]q-´m≥- X-t±-i- sa-∂pw- tIm-S-Xn- n¿-tZ-in-®p.- C-°m-cy-ß-fn¬- kzo-I-cn-®- -S- sN-ø-W-sa-∂- kw-ÿm-- k¿-°m-cn-s‚- B-h-iyw- tI-c-f- kz-bw-`cW- ÿm-]߃-°-v tI-cf- ssl-t°m-SXn- n¿- ]-Sn-Iƒ- tIm-SXn-sb- A-dn-bn-°Ww.- - - - - - - - - ssl-t°m-S-Xn- n-c-kn-®p.- tZ-iw- ¬-In.- {In-kakv- ko-kWn¬- C-d®n-°SIƒ-°v- Xm-XIm-en-I- sse- v- - - - - - v- k¿-°m-cn-p-th-≠n- Xp-d-ap-J- h-Ip-∏v- sk-{I-´-dn- k-a¿- k≥-kv- A-p-h-Zn-°p-∂- Im-cyw- 16˛-v- tIm-S-Xn- ]-cn-K-Wn-°pw.- ∏n-®- dn-hyq- l¿-Pn-bm-Wv- No-^v- P-Ão-kv- F-®v.-F¬- Z-Øp- ,- tem- t]m-bn‚ v- kw-ÿm--sØ- `q-cn-`m-Kw- C-d-®n- hn-ev-]--im-e-I-fn-epw- ip-Nn- I-cn-°w-]≈n-¬- Xzw- C-s√-∂m-Wp- tIm-SXn-°v- dn-t∏m¿-´v- e-`n-®n-´p-≈Xv.- A-[n- - - Ir-X- A-d-hp-im-e-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- t-c-sØ- kz- - P-Ão-kv- F.-sI- _-jo¿- F-∂n-hcpƒ-s∏-´- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v- X-≈n-bXv.- - - tI-kn¬- k¿-°m¿- D-∂-bn-®- ]-e- hm-Z-ap-J-ß-fpw- Un- sse-k≥-kv- C-√m-Ø-h¿- I-im-∏v- -S-Øp-∂n-s√-∂v- A- ta-[-bm- tI-sk-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p.- hn-j≥- _-©v- ]-cn-KWn-®n-s√-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- dn-hyq- l¿-Pn-bn¬- - [n-Ir-X¿- D-d-∏p- h-cp-Ø-W-sa-∂v- P-Ão-kv- tXm-´-Øn¬- _n.- ]-d-™n-cp-∂-Xv.- A-tX-k-a-bw- Xp-d-ap-J- n¿-am-W- I-cm-dn- cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥- D-Ø-c-hn-´p.- A--[n-Ir-X- C-d-®n- hn-ev-]-- hn-gn-™w- Xp-d-ap-Jw-:- p-th-Wv-Sn- kqw- U-h-e-t∏-gv-kv- k-a¿-∏n-®- sS≥-U¿- c-≠m-gv- im-e-Iƒ-s°-Xn-cm-b- -S-]-Sn-°p- t]m-eo-kv- k-lm-bw- ¬- N-bv°Iw- ]-cn-tim-[n-°W- sa-∂- n¿-tZ-iw- ]m-en-°p-∂Xn- - - - - Im-pw- Pn-√m- ]-©m-b-Øn-tm-Sv- -S-]-Sn-°v- ta¬-tm-´w- h- d-n-hyq- l¿-Pn- X-≈n- v- Iq-Sp-X¬- k-a-bw- th-W-sa-¶n¬- k¿-°m-cn-v- B-h-iy- ln-°m-pw- tIm-S-Xn- n¿-tZ-in-®n-´p-≠v.-hn-ev-]--bv-°p-≈- C- hn-gn-™w- Xp-d-ap-J- n¿-am-W-hp-am-bn- _-‘-s∏-´- I-cm¿- s∏-Sm-sa-∂p- tIm-S-Xn- ]-d-™p.-
  • 4. 4 km-º-Øn-Iw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 C≥-U-kv- C≥-Uv- _m-¶v- tI-c-f-Øn¬ Iq-Sp-X¬- im-J-Iƒ- Xp-d-°p-∂p- A-cp¨- tPm-kv- ߃,- _m-¶p-Iƒ- F-∂n-hbp-am-bn- - k-lIcn-®-v C≥-Uk-v kv]o-U-v d- - - - - {]-ap-J- kz-Im-cy-_m-¶m-b- an-‰-v F-∂- tk-hhpw- B-cw-`n-®n- - - C≥-U-kv- C≥-Uv- _m-¶v- tI-c-f- ´p-≠v.- Kƒ-^v- ta-Jebn¬- am-{X- - - Øn¬- Iq-Sp-X¬- im-JIƒ- Xp-d- - am-bn- C-cp-]Øt©m-fw- ÿm-]- - - °p-∂p.- h-cpw- am-kßfn¬- C-h- - - -ßfp-am-bn- ]-¶m-fn-Øap-≠m-°n- - - {]-h¿-Øw- Xp-Sßp-sa-∂-v No-^-v - - bn-´p-≠.v - Hm-∏td-‰nw-K-v Hm-^n-k¿- t]mƒ- G- - D¬-]m-Z£aX,- em-`£a- - - - - - - {_m-lw- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øn.- X,- Im-cy-£aX- F-∂n-hbp-sS- A- - - - tI-cfw,- B-{‘m-{]-tZ-i,v - X-an- - Sn-ÿm-Øn¬- aq-∂p-h¿-jØn-- - - gvm-S,v - I¿-Wm-SIw- Xp-Sßn-b- kw- - - - Iw- cm-Py-sØ- G-‰-hpw- D-b¿-∂- ÿm-ßfSßp-∂- Z-£n-W- ta- - - - - aq-∂-v _m-¶p-Ifn-sem-∂m-bn- am-dm- - J-e-bn¬- _m-¶n-v- n-e-hn¬- 59 m-Wv- {i-an-°p-∂Xv.- C-Xn-m-bn- - {_m-©p-Ifpw- 116 F- Sn- F-Ωp-I- - C-S]m-Sp-Im-sc-bpw- {]-hm-kn-Isf- - - fp-ap-≠v.- tZ-in-b- X-eØn¬- ap-∏- - bpw- tIm¿-]td-‰v- ta-Jesb-bpw- - - - Xv- {_m-©p-Iƒ- Xp-Sßp-∂Xn-s‚- - - e-£y-an-´v- n-c-h-[n- q-X-- ]-≤- `m-Kam-bm-W-v tI-cfØn-epw- ]p-Xn- - - - Xn-Iƒ- A-hXcn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.- Kƒ- - - b- {_m-©p-Iƒ- B-cw-`n-°p-∂X.v - - ^v- cm-Py-ßfn-ep-≈- {]-hm-kn- k- - cm-Py-hym-]Iam-bn- A-ºX-v ]p-Xn- - - - aq-lØn-se- `q-cn-`m-Khpw- _m-¶n- - - b- Hm-^ssk-‰-v F-Sn-Fw- ÿm-]n- -v s‚- d-an-‰≥-kv- tk-hw- D-]tbm- - - °pw.- Kn-°p-∂p-≠.v - C-¥y-bn-se- Ip-Spw-_-߃- Im¿-jn-tIm¬-]∂- ta-Jebn- - - - °v- ]-Ww- A-b°p-∂Xn--v {]-hm- - - epw- _m-¶v- i-‡am-b- tXm-Xn¬- - kn-Isf- k-lm-bn-°m≥- Im-cy-£- - {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂p.- tI-cfØn¬- Ip- - - a-am-b- d-an-‰≥-k-v tk-hw- _m-¶-v - cp-ap-fIv,- d-_¿,- kp-K‘hy-RP- ]-∂- _n-kn-kv- -SØm≥- A¿- - - - v- - - ]--bv-°m-bn- _m-¶v- thƒ-Uv- ayq-Nz¬- ^-≠p-Iƒ,- t_m-≠p- A-ho-h- sse-^p-am-bpw- P--d¬- e-`y-am-°p-∂p-s≠-∂v- t]mƒ- Nq- -߃- F-∂n- D¬-]∂߃-°m- ∏-W-_p-≤n-bp-≈- kw-L-sØ- - - tKmƒ-U-v Iu-¨kn-ep-am-bn- [m-c- Iƒ,- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v ]-≤Xn-Iƒ- Xp- - - C≥-jz-d≥-kn-m-bn- tNm-faWU- - - -v ≠n-°m-´n.- B-tKm-f- X-e-Øn¬- Wv- _m-¶v- {]m-[m-yw- ¬-Ip-∂- _m-¶v- n-tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≠v.- W-bn-se-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xm-bpw- Nq- S-ßn-b-h-bpw- _m-¶v- e-`y-am-°p- ew- Fw- F-kp-am-bpw- _m-¶-v [m-c- {]-ap-J- F-IvkvtN-©v- ÿm-]- - - - Xv.- km-[y-am-b- th-K-Øn¬- D¬- kz¿-Wm-Wbßfp-sS- hn¬- - - - - ≠n-°m-´n.- ∂p.- sse-^-v C≥-jz-d≥-kn-m-bn- W-bn-se-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.- Hm-dn-b-‚¬- _m-¶n-v- Xn-f-°w-;- sF-F≥-Pn- ssh-iy- _m-¶n-s‚-- A-‰m-Zm-b-Øn¬- 45.-59%- h-f¿-®- Ip-´nIƒ-°m-bp-≈- t]m¿-´¬- - s]m-Xp- ta-Jebn-se- Hm-dn-b‚¬- _m-¶v- Hm-^v- - - - Zym-`ym-k- hm-b]- 40.-56 i-Xam-w- h¿-≤n-®v- 707 tIm- v- - Ifn-Xam-ibn-eq-sS- Ip-´n- - - - N¿-®- sN-øs∏-Sp-∂p.- t]m¿-´- - sIm-ta-gv-kn-s‚- A-‰m-Zm-b-Øn¬- -S-∏p- km-º-Øn- Sn- cq-]bm-bn.- - I-fn¬- k-ºm-Zy- io-ew- h-f¿- en-se- t-ctºm-°-v tkm-Wn¬- - I- h¿-j-sØ- B-Zy-sØ- B-dp- am-kw- 45.-59 i-X-am- i-cm-icn- Po-h°m-c≥- sN-øp-∂- _n-kn-k-v 10.- - - - - Øp-I- F-∂- D-t±-i-tØm-sS- sK-bn-ap-Ifpw- Izn-k-v a-’cß- - - - w- h¿-[--hp-≠m-bn.- I-gn-™- km-º-Øn-I- h¿-j- 20 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-bn- D-b-cp-I- h-gn- s]m-Xp-ta-J-em- sF-F≥-Pn- ssh-iy- _m-¶-v Ip- fp-≠m-Ipw.- sØ- B-Zy- B-dp- am-kw- 314 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn-cp-∂p- - _m-¶p-Ifp-sS- ap≥-n-cbn¬- X-s∂- Hm-dn-b‚¬- _m- - - - ´n-I-fp-sS- t]m¿-´¬- Xp-S-ßn.- Cu- a-’cßfn¬- n-∂v- - - - A-‰m-Zm-bsa-¶n¬- Cu- h¿-jw- C-Xv- 457 tIm-Sn-bm-bn- - ¶v- Hm-^-v sIm-ta-gk-v n-ebp-d∏n-®n-cn-°p-Ibm-sW-∂-v -v - - - www.kidzzbank. com F-∂- e-`n-°p-∂- t]m-bn-‚p-Iƒ- Ip-´n- h-f¿-∂Xbn- sN-b¿-am-pw- am-t-Pnw-K-v U-bdISdp-am- - - - - -v - A-tem-Iv- an-{i- ]-d-™p.-im-J-I-fp-sS- i-cm-i-cn- _n- Cu- t]m¿-S¬- sF-F≥-Pn- {Kq- I-fp-sS- am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ-°v- C- b- A-tem-Iv- sI.- an-{i- ]-d™p.- - kn-kv- 110.-24 tIm-Sn-bm-bn- h-f¿-∂p.- - ∏n-s‚- C-¥y-bn-se- Po-hIm-cp- - ˛-sa-bn-en¬- B-iw-k-Iƒ- A- {]-h¿-Ø- em-`w- 49.-40 i-Xam-w- h¿-[n-®t∏mƒ- - - - 2010 B-Ip-tºm-tg-°pw- sam-Øw- _n-kn--kv- c- Wy- {]-ÿm-am-b- sF-F≥-Pn- - b- ° m≥- {]- t bm- P - - s ∏- S p- ]-en-ibn-Øn-ep-≈- A-‰- h-cp-am-w- 30.-57 i-Xam-- - - - ≠p- e-£w- tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-°p-Ibm-Wv- e-£y-sa-∂v- - - ssh-iy- ^u-t≠-j≥- cm-Py- Ømw.- ]-Ww- k-ºm-Zn-t°-≠- am-bn- D-b¿-∂p.- _m-¶n-s‚- sam-Øw- _n-kn-kv- 1,-48,- - A-tem-Iv- an-{i- ]-d-™p.- im-J-I-fp-sS- F-Æw- A- hym-]-I-am-bn- -S-Øn-b- sF- Xn-s‚- B-hiy-IXIƒ- tk-h-v - - - 489 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn- h-f¿-®- {]m-]n-®p.- 27.-96 i-Xam- - - t∏m-g-tØ-°v- 1500 B-bn- h¿-[n-°pw.- A-Sp-Ø- h¿- F≥-Pn- bn¬- n-∂-v Ip-´n-Iƒ-°-v a-Wn- sk-Iv-j-n¬- hn-h-cn-®n- -am-W-v Cu-bn-Øn¬- h¿-[.- n-t£-]w- 87,-368 tIm- - - jw- 100 im-JIƒ- Xp-d°p-∂Xm-W.v - bp-hm-°sf- B- - - - - A-hkc߃- F-∂- ]-cn-]m-Sn- - - - cn-°p-∂p.- Sn-bm-bt∏mƒ- (27.-96 i-Xam-w- h¿-[)- hm-b]- 30.-42 - - - - v- I¿-jn-°p-∂Xn-m-bn- Hm-¨sse≥- hn-Zym-`ym-k- hm- - - bp-sS- `m-Kam-bm-W-v cq-]I¬-∏- - - Ip-´n-Iƒ-°-v km-ºØn-Im- - i-Xam-w- h-f¿-®- {]m-]n-®-v 61121 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn.- - - bv-]- Hm-¨- sse≥- Hm-l-cn- hn¬-∏-,- Hm-¨-sse≥- - sN-bXX.v - -v - kq-{X-W-Øn-s‚- _m-e-]m-T- sam-Øw- n-j{In-bm-kXn- 2.-96 i-Xam-Øn¬- n- -v -v - - h-gn- n-Ip-Xn- A-Sb°¬,- C-˛tjm-∏n-ßv,- C-‚≥-s- - v- - sh-_-v ssk-‰n-eq-sS- k-©- ߃- ¬-Ip-I- F-∂Xm-W-v In- - ∂v- 1.-93 i-Xam-am-bpw- A-‰- n-j{In-bm-kXn- 0.-99 i- - - v- - A-tem-Iv- sI.- an-{i- ‰v- _m-¶nw-Kv,- _-tbm-sa-{Sn-Iv- F-Sn-Fw- F-∂n-h- B-cw- cn-°p-tºmƒ- {]-Ir-Xn,- A-¥co- - Uvkv- t]m¿-´en-s‚- e-£y-sa- - - X-am-Øn¬- n-∂v- 0.-86 i-Xam-am-bpw- Ip-db°m≥- - - - - v- `n-®p.- Im-dm- _m-¶pw- F-®Fk_n-kn- bp-am-bn- tN¿- - -v - -v £w,- `q-an- A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-®p- ∂v- sF-F≥-Pn- ssh-iy- _m- km-[n-®p.- _m-¶n-s‚- aq-e[- ]-cym-]XX- 12.-30 i-Xam-am-W.v - ]-en- ∂p-≈- C≥-jp-d≥-k-v kw-bp-‡- kw-cw-`w- {]-h¿-Øam-cw-`n-®Xm-bn- - - -v - - - - - - sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- {]-i߃,- ]- -v - ¶v- am-t-Pnw-K-v U-bdIS¿- thm- - - -v ti-Xc- h-cp-am-w- 41.-62 i-Xam-w- h¿-[n-®v- 415 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn.- hn- A-tem-Iv- an-{i- ]-d™p.- - - - - Ww- F-∂n-hsb-°p-dn-s®m-s°- - ¨- dn-tjm¿- ]-d™p.- - thm-f-´m-en-‰n- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- sU-h-e-]v-sa-‚ v- Sq-fp-am-bn- F-kv-_n-sF- sse-^n-v- ho-≠pw- _-lp-a-Xn-;- Hm-^o-k¿-am-cp-sS- ^n-sU-en-‰n- B-tKm-f- km-º-Øn-I- am- sF-kn-B¿-F-bn¬- n-∂v- sF- {Sn-∏nƒ- F- µy-Øn-s‚- ]-›m-ØeØn¬- _p- - - th-X-w-- ]-cn-jv-I-cn-°-Ww- ≤n-]cam-bn- Zo¿-LIm-e- n-t£- - - ]-߃- -SØm≥- n-t£-]I¿-°-v - - - C¥y-bn-se- {]-ap-J- td-‰nw-K-v G-P≥-kn-bm- - - b- sF-kn-B¿-F- bn¬- n-∂pw- F-kv-_n-sF- ,- aq-e[Øn-s‚- Im-cy-£aam-b- hn-n-tbm-Kw,- - - - - - D-b¿-∂- D¬-∏m-Z£aX- F-∂n-hsb-√mw- sF- - - - - - C≥-jp-d≥-k-v I-ºn-Ifn-se- sU-he∏sa-‚ -v Hm-^o-k¿-am-cp-sS- - - - - -v am¿-Kn¿-tZ-iw- ¬-Ip-∂- thm-f- - sse-^v- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- I-º-n-°v- sF- {Sn-∏nƒ- {Sn-∏nƒ- F- td-‰n-ßn-v- B-[m-cam-b- a-‰p- L-SI- - - tk-h˛th-X- hy-hÿIƒ- Im-tem-Nn-Xam-bn- ]-cn-jIcn-°p-Ibpw- - -- - - - - -v - - ´m-en-‰n- Sqƒ- ^n-sU-en-‰n- A-hX- - F- td-‰nw-Kv.- s¢-bnw-kv- ¬-Ip-∂Xn-ep-≈- G-‰- - ß-fm-W.v - A¿-lam-b- {]-tam-j≥- ¬-Ip-Ibpw- th-Wsa-∂v- P-d¬- C≥-jp- - - - - cn-∏n-®p.- ^n-sU-en-‰n- sh-_ssk- -v hpw- D-b¿-∂- ti-jn- B-Wv- F-kv-_n-sF- sse- t{_-bv°v˛Cu-h≥- F-∂- A-n-Xc- km-[m- - - -- - d≥-kv- sU-he∏sa-‚ v- Hm-^o-tk-gkv- A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥- kw-ÿm- - - v- v- ‰m-b- www.-fidelity.-co.-in- ¬- - - - - - - ^n-v- sF- {Sn-∏nƒ- F- td-‰nw-Kv- t-Sn- sIm-Sp-Ø- c-Wam-b- t-´w- ssI-hcn-®- B-Zy- kz-Im-cy- sse- - - - k-tΩ-fw- B-hiy-s∏-´p.- I-gn-™- F-´-v h¿-jam-bn- sU-he∏sa- - - - - - -v Cu- Sq-fn-s‚- tk-h--߃- e-`y- Xv.- {In-kn-en-s‚- {Sn-∏nƒ- F- tÃ-_nƒ- td-‰n- ^v- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- I-º-n-bm-Wv- F-kv-_n-sF- ‚ -v Hm-^o-k¿-am-sc- s{]m-tam-´-v sN-bXn-´n-√- F-∂Xm-W-v bm-Ym¿-∞yw.- -v - am-W.v - ßpw- Cu-bn-sS- F-kv-_n-sF- sse-^n-v- e-`n- sse-^v.- sF-B¿-Un-F- bp-sS- dn-t∏m¿-´v- {]-Im- k¿-ho-k-v Im-ebfhp-ap-gp-h≥- F≥-{Sn- tI-Udn¬- Xp-Scm≥- X-s∂-bm- - - - - - hn-]-Wn-bn-se- hn-hn-[- X-cw- °p-Ibp-≠m-bn.- - cw- C-s°m-√w- Hm-KÃn¬- I-ºn-bp-sS- ]p-Xn-b- - - Wv- n¿-_‘n-Xcm-bn-cn-°p-∂X.v - kz-Im-cy- C≥-jp-d≥-k-v I-ºn-Ifp- - - - - - A-ÿn-c-X-I-sf-°p-dn-®pw,- A-h- Fk_n-sF- bp-sS- kp-c£m- D-d∏n-s‚- B- - - -v - - _n-kn--kv- {]o-an-bw- 103 i-X-am-w- h-f¿-®m- sS- hn-tZ-i- aq-e-[-w- 26 i-X-am--Øn¬- n-∂v- 49 i-X-am--am-°n- D- kr-jSn-°p-∂- Nm-©m-´ßsf-°p- -v - - h¿-Øn-®p-≈- Aw-Ko-Im-cam-Wv- sF- {Sn-∏nƒ- F- - n-c-t°m-sS- 1764.-04 tIm-Sn-bm-bn.- kz-Im-cy- b¿-Øm-p-ff- tI-{µ-Kh¨sa-‚ n-s‚- Xo-cp-am-w- ]n≥-hen-°Wsa- - - - - - - - dn-®pw- X¬-^eam-bn- D-≠m-Im-hp- - - td-‰n-ß-v F-∂-v F-k_n-sF- sse-^-v C≥-jp-d≥- -v sse-^v- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- I-ºn-Ifn¬- F-kv_n- - - - ∂pw- k-tΩ-fw- B-hiy-s∏-´p.- - - - ∂- em-`- -jSßsf-°p-dn-®pw- Ir- -v - - kv- am-t-Pnw-K-v U-bdISdp-am-b- bp.-Fk.v tdm-b-v - - -v - - - sF- sse-^v- c-≠mw- ÿm-Øm-Wv.- kz-Im-cy- - km-aq-ly- kp-c£m- ]-≤Xn-Iƒ- -S∏n-em-°p-tºmƒ- D-≠m-Ip-∂- - - - Xy-am-b- hn-ebn-cp-ج- -SØm≥- - - ]-d™p.- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- ]-cn-c£b°p- th-≠n- - - - v- sse-^v- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- cw-KØv- 14.-59 i-Xam-w- - - -jSw- kz-Im-cy- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- I-ºn-Iƒ-°q-Iq-Sn- Xp-ey-am-bn- _m- v- - A-hkcw- ¬-Ip-∂- ^n-sU-en-‰n- - - H-cp- Ip-Spw-_w- H-cp- I-ºn-sb- k-ao-]n-°p-tºmƒ- - hn-]-Wn- ]-¶m-fn-Øw- D-≈- F-kv-_n-sF- sse- [-Iam-°Ww.- kz-Im-cy- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- I-ºn-Ifp-sS- {]-h¿-Øco- - - - - - - thm-f´m-en-‰n- Sqƒ.- - {]-kXp-X- I-ºn-bp-sS- km-ºØn-I- kp-c£n- v- - - - ^n-s‚- sam-Øw- hn-]Wn- ]-¶m-fn-Øw- 6.-67 i-X- - Xn-Isf- ]-‰n- k¿-°m¿- G-P≥-kn-Iƒ- hn-iZam-bn- A-tz-jn-°Ww.- - - - - hn-]Wn- X-Icp-Ibpw- n-t£- - - - X-Xzw- ]-ca- {]-[m-am-b- L-SIam-Wv.- {]-tXy- - - - - am-am-W.v - - A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥- A-Jn-te-¥ym- sk-{I-´dn- A-RP≥- Ip-am¿- - v- ]-I≥- a-Sn-®p- n¬-°p-Ibpw- sN- - In-®v- km-º-Øn-I- tem-Iw- Nm-©m-Sn- sIm-≠n- -2000 tIm-Sn- Aw-Ko-Ir-X- aq-e-[-w- D-≈- a-Ppw-Zm¿- k-tΩ-fw- D-ZvLm-Sw- sN-bvXp.- kw-ÿm-- {]-kn-U‚ v- - - - - - øp-∂- km-lNcy-Øn¬- G-‰hpw- - - - cn-°p-∂- C-∂-sØ- A-h-ÿ-bn¬- ˛- A-t±-lw- F-kv-_n-sF- sse-^v- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- tÃ-‰v - A-_v-Zpƒ- m-k¿- A-[y-£-X- h-ln-®p.- kw-ÿm-- sk-{I-´-dn- ]n.- b-Ym¿-∞am-b- ÿn-Xn-KXn-Iƒ- hn- - - Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.- F-kv_n-sF- sse-^n-s‚- I-cp- - _m-¶v- Hm-^v- C-¥y-bp-sS-bpw- _n-F≥-]n- ]-cn- hn.- kv-I-dn-b,- tPm-bn-‚ v- sk-{I-´-dn- hn-Pn- Ip-am¿,- {S-j-d¿- Ir-jv-W- e-bn-cp-Øp-Ibpw- Zo¿-LIm-e- n- - - Øm¿-∂- km-º-Øn-I- ti-jn-bp-sS- {]-Xn-^-e- _m-kv- A-jz-d≥-kn-s‚-bpw- kw-bp-‡- kw-cw-`- kzm-an- ssh-kv- {]-kn-U‚ v- kn.-sP- A-ºq-°≥- ,- h-k¥Ip-am-cn,- Pn.- - - - t£-]-߃- πm≥- sN-øp-I-bpw- w- Iq-Sn-bm-Wv- sF- {Sn-∏nƒ- F- td-‰n-ßv.- am-Wv.- tÃ-‰v- _m-¶v- {Kq-∏n-s‚- 14,-500 im-JIfpw- - - F-k-v ]p-Ø≥- ]o-Sn-I,- kp-n¬- F-tUz¿-U,v - Pn-√m- sk-{I-´dn- F-{_- - sN-øm≥- Cu- Sqƒ- k-lm-bn-°p- kp-Zr-Uam-b- ss]-Xr-Iw,- I-gn-™- A-©p- - - A-Xn-s‚- G-gv- A-tkm-kn-tb-‰v- _m-¶p-I-fpw- lmw- tPm-k^,v - k-Pn-Ø-v ss],- tU-hn-U-v tXm-´∏≈n,- sk-_m-Ãy≥- - - - ∂p-sh-∂v- ^n-sU-en-‰n- C-¥y- am- sIm-√sØ- Xp-S¿-®bm-b- h-f¿-®,- hn-XcWam-Xr- - - - - - B-Wv- F-kv_n-sF- sse-^n-s‚- {]-[m-- hn-]- - tPm-¨,- sI.- F-^v- tPm-kv,- cm-a-N-{µ- In-Wn,- P--d¬- I-¨-ho-¿- t-Pnw-Kv- U- b-dIvS¿- A-jp- kp- - - I,- dn-kI-v am-t-Psa-‚ ,v - sN-ehp- Ip-d™- L-S- -v -v - - W-- irw-Je.- - tPm¿-÷-v tXm-ak-v F-∂n-h¿- {]-kw-Kn-®p.- - bm-j-v ]-d™p.- -
  • 5. A-`-n-{]m-bw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 5 Hm-t´m- dn-£-I-fp-sS- Im-ew- F-{X- n-tcm-[n-®n-´-v F-¥p- Im-cyw- s√-∂- lp-¶-v h-f¿-Øm≥- cm-j{So-b]m¿- -v - I-cy-ßfm-W-v H-cp-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂X.v - - - Iq-Sn- A-¥-tkm-sS-bpw- a-cym-Z-tbm-Spw- sh-∂v- Nn-e- I-ºn-Iƒ- A-hIm-is∏- - - - ?- F-{X- n¿-_-‘n-®m-epw- F-¥p- Im- ´n-Iƒ- X-s∂-bm-W-v h-fan-Sp-∂X.v - ym-b- - - sd-bn¬-th- tÃ-j-p-I-fn-epw- a-‰p-ap-≈- s]-cp-am-dm≥- ]-Tn-®m-te- Im-cy-ap-≈p.- Sp-∂p.- Ip-Øs-bp-≈- I-b‰ßfn-eq-sS- - - - - cyw-?- tI-cfØn-se- Hm-t´m- dn-£- ss{U- - - am-b- Iq-en- Cu-Sm-°p-∂Xn-v- B-cpw- F- - {]o- s]-bv-Uv- k-{º-Zm-b-am-Wv- C-t∏mƒ- A-Sp-Ø-Im-e-Øm-bn- Hm-t´m- dn-£- bpw- h-fhp-Ifn-eq-sS-bp-ap-≈- bm-{X- {]- - - h¿-am-cp-sS- -√- t]-c-v A-hcn¬- Nn-ecp- - - Xn-c√.- Im-cy-߃- A-ym-bam-Ip-∂Xm- - - - bm-{X-°m¿-°v- A-ev]sa-¶n-epw- B-izm- - - I-fp-sS- cq-]Øn-epw- `m-hØn-epw- X-s∂- - - kv-Xp-X- F-©n≥- kp-K-a-am-°p-a-t{X.- sS- sN-bXn-Iƒ- aq-ew- sam-Øw- No-Ø- -v Wv- {]-iw.- -v kw.- A-Xp- Iq-Sm-sX- Xm-akn-bm-sX- ho- - am-‰ßƒ- h-cp-Øn-bm-Wv- ]-e- I-ºn-I- - - n¿-±n-jS- tdm-U-v th-KXbn¬- F-©n≥- -v - - bm-°p-Ibm-W.v - h¿-jßfm-bn- C-Xp- Xp- - - - sN-dn-b- Hm-´w- hn-fn-®m¬- t]m-Im-Xn- ´n-tem- Hm-^o-kn-tem- C-cp-∂-v Hm-t´m-dn-£- fpw- Hm-t´m- dn-£Iƒ- n¿-an-®p- n-cØn- - - tem-h¿- d-heq-jn¬- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂-- - S-cp-Ibm-sW-¶n-epw- A-sXm-∂p- -∂m- - cn-°p-I,- cm-{Xn-bn¬- tXm-∂n-b-Xp- t]m- hn-fn-°m-m-Ipw.- ss{U-h¿-am-cp-sS- ]- en-d°p-∂Xv.- ]p-Xn-b- ]m-k©¿- Hm-t´m- - - - Xn-m¬- F-©n-s‚- Im-cy-£aX- h¿-[n- - - °n-sb-Sp-°Wsa-∂-v B¿-°pw- Xm-X]- - - -v se- Iq-en- B-hiy-s∏-Sp-I,- bm-{X-°m¿- - °¬- sam-ss_¬- t^m-¨- k¿-hkm-[m- - dn-£Iƒ- C-∂sØ- -Kc߃-°-v A-p- - - - - °p-Ibpw- Iq-Sp-X¬- ssa-te-Pv- e-`y-am- - cy-an-√.- H-cp- {]-[m-- bm-{Xm-am¿-KØn- - s°-Xn-tc- A-k`y-hm-°p-Iƒ- D-]tbm-Kn- - - c-Wam-bn- I-gn-™p.- A-Xv- A-Xn-s‚- B- - tbm-Py-am-b- hn-[w- cq-]-I¬-∏-- sN-bv- °p-Ibpw- sN-øp-sa-∂pw- A-hIm-ihm- - - - s‚- K-Xn-tI-S!- v- °p-I- Xp-Sßn- H-cp- sN-dn-b- Iq-´w- ss{U- - Zy-]Sn-bm-Wv.- C-n- Hm-t´m-dn-£Isf- F- - - - Xm-W-v C-dØm≥- {i-a°p-∂X.v - Hm-t´m-dn- - - - Z-ap-≠.v - Hm-t´m- dn-£bn¬- I-bdp-∂- Bƒ- - - h¿-am-cp-sS- -S]Sn-Ifm-Wv- Hm-t´m-ss{U- - - - i-‡n-tb-dn-b- C-c´- sl-Uemw-]p- - v- °m-cn¬- F-√m-hcpw- H-cn-°se-¶n-epw- - - h¿- h¿-KØn-p- sam-Øw- t]-cp-tZm-jap- - - Iƒ,- ]n≥-`m-KsØ- h-ep-Xpw- {]-Im-i- - Hm-t´m- ss{U-hdp-am-bn- X¿-°n-°m-Xn- - ≠m-°p-∂-Xv.- Hm-t´m-dn-£- Ãm≥-Up-I- ta-dn-bXp-am-b- sS-b¬- emw-]p-Iƒ,- em- - v cp-∂p- Im-Wn-√.- A-s√-¶n¬- tNm-Zn-°p- fn¬- {I-aw- sX-‰n-°p-∂-Xpw- a-‰p- ]p-dw- an-t-‰v- sN-øs∏-´- •m-tkm-Sp- Iq-Sn-b- - ∂- Xp-I- sIm-Sp-Øn-´p- C-dßn-t∏m-Ip- - Ãm≥-Up-Ifn¬- In-S°m≥- s]¿-an-‰p-≈- - - h-en-b- hn≥-U-v jo¬-U-v F-∂n-h- a- ∂-hcm-bn-cn-°Ww.- Hm-Sp-∂- Zq-cØn-p- - - - h- quot;-AXn-{I-an-®p-'- Hm-Sp-∂Xpw- a-‰pw- am-{Xw- - - ‰v- {]-tXy-IXIfm-bn- am-dn-s°m- - - - ym-b-am-b- Nm¿-Pv- F-∂- X-Øzw- ]m- ss{U-h¿-am¿- F-{X- i-‡am-bn-´m-W-v F- - ≠n-cn-°p-∂p.- Im-dn-te-Xp- t]m-ep-≈- Um-jv- t_m¿-Uv,- C-‘- kq-Nn-I,- sam-ss_¬- t^m- - m-ev-°-h-e-°m-gv-N- ¨- Nm¿-Pv- sN-øm-p-≈- tkm-°-‰v,- D-∂X- Kp-Wn-ehm-cap-≈- ko-‰p-Iƒ,- - - - - tXm-a-kv- a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]-≈n¬- I-cp-Øm¿-∂- _w-]¿- Xp-Sßn- H-t´-sd- - k-hn-ti-jXIfpw- C-t∏mƒ- C-d°p- - - - - en-®m¬- Hm-t´m-dn-£bn¬- k-©cn-°p- - - Xn¿-°p-∂sX-∂p- Im-WWw.- B- ip-jv- - - ∂- Nn-e- tam-Uep-Ifn-ep-≠v.- Iq-Sm- - - ∂-hcp-sS- F-Æw- Iq-Sp-Itb-bp-≈p.- - - Im-¥n- bm-{X-°m-tcm-Sp-≈- s]-cp-am-‰Øn- - sX- C-eI{Sn-I-v Ãm¿-´-v ss{U- - -v bm-{X-°m-sc- I-b-‰n-bn-cp-Øn- F- epw- Im-Wn-®n-cp-s∂-¶n¬- F-{X- -∂m-bn- h¿-am-cp-sS- B-bm-kw- e-Lq- tØ-≠- ÿm-Ø-v Du-Sp-hgn-Ifn-eq-sS- - - - cp-∂p.- I-cn-°p-∂p.- Hm-Sn-®v- Iq-Sp-X¬- Xp-I- X-´n-sb-Sp-∂h- - F-{X- ]-d™n-´pw- A-hkm-n-°m-Ø- - - bm-{X-°m¿-°-v Im¬-o-´n-h- cp-sS- I-Y-Iƒ- G-Xm-bm-epw- A-[n-Iw- a-s‰m-cp- Im-cyw- Iq-Sn-bp-≠.v - Hm-t´m- dn-£- ®v- kp-Jam-bn- Nm-cn- In-S∂v- bm- - - C-t∏mƒ- tIƒ-°p-∂n-√.- ]-≠v- Xn-cp-h- bn¬- c-≠p- bm-{X-°m-sc- sIm-≠p- t]m- {X- sN-øm-p-ff- hn-im-eam-b- ]m- - - -¥]p-cw- sk-{I-t´-dn-b‰n-p- ap-∂n-eq- - - Im-m-W-v A-p-aXn-bp-≈X.v - A-X-v aq-∂p- - - k-©¿- I-ºm¿-´sa-‚m-W-v ]p-Xp- -v sS- X-s∂- ]-e- {]m-h-iyw- Hm-Sn-®v- bm- h-sc-bm-Imw.- F-∂m¬- kvIpƒ- Ip-´n-Isf- - - Xm-bn- C-dßp-∂- Nn-e- Hm-t´m-dn- - {X-°m-cs- e-£y- ÿm-Ø-v F-Øn- - - sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂Xp- I-≠n-´n-t√.- A-p- - £-Ifn-ep-≈Xv.- Ip-Sn-sh-≈- Ip- - - ®- Hm-t´m- ss{U-hsd-°p-dn-®p- tI-´n-´p-- h-Zn-®n-´p-≈Xn-s‚- F-{X-bn-c´n- Xn-°n-n- - - ∏n,- am-kn-IIƒ- F-∂n-h- h-b°m- - v- ≠v.- ]-e- {]m-hiyw- H-tc- sk-{I-t´-dn-b- - d-®m-W-v A-]ISIcam-b- hn-[Øn¬- Hm- - - - - - - p-≈- tlmƒ-Udp-Iƒ- F-∂n-h- km-[m- - ‰v- a-µn-cw- I-≠v- A-¥w- hn-´p- bm-{X-°m- t´m-dn-£- Hm-Sn-°p-∂X.v - - £-Iƒ- I-cp- c-Wam-bn.- B-hiy-°m¿-°v- th-Wsa- - - - c≥- Im-cyw- B-cm-™t∏mƒ- am-{X-am-W-v - B-hiy-Øn--v bm-{Xm- _-kp-Iƒ- C- - Øn-t‚-bpw- cq-]`w-Kn-bp-tS- - ¶n¬- `w-Kn-tb-dn-b- ho¬- I-hdp-Iƒ,- F- - B-h¿-Ø--bm-{X- A-h-km-n-∏n-®-X- √m-Ø- H-Øn-cn-bn-S-߃- tI-c-f-Øn-ep- bpw- kp-JIcam-b- bm-{Xm-p-`q-Xn-bp- - - - ^v.Fw.-td-Un-tbm,- Un-Pn-‰¬v- t¢m-°v,- - t{X-!- C-X-v A-Xn-itbm-‡n-]cam-sW-¶n-- - - ≠v.- A-hsbm-s°- ^-e{]-Zam-bn- Hm-t´m- - - - tS-bpw- Iq-Sp-X¬- ssa-te-Pn-t‚-bpw- hn-{K-l- Ãm≥-U,v - ^vtfm¿- am-‰p-Iƒ,- dn- - epw- k-am-am-b- H-Øn-cn- k-hm-cn-Iƒ- - dn-£°m¿-°-v D-]tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂tX-bp- - - - k-Ωn-{i- D¬-∏∂am-sW-∂-v I-ºn-Iƒ- - - - b¿- _w-]¿- F-∂n-hbpw- sX-cs™-Sp- - - -SØp-∂- hn-cp-X- ss{U-h¿-am-cp-s≠- - ≈p.- _-kn¬- I-bdn- t]m-Im-{X- Zq-can- - - - hn-sS-bn-cp-∂p- hn-fn-®p-hcp-Øm-pw- I-¨- - A-hIm-is∏-´p- Xp-Sßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- - - - °m≥- C-t∏mƒ- A-hkcap-≠.v - - - - ∂p-≈Xv- hm-kXhw.- ÿ-ew- A-dn-bm- - v- - √m-ØXpw- F-∂m¬- -S∂p-t]m-Im≥- _p- - - t{Smƒ- dq-ap-Ifpw- tImƒ- sk-‚dp-Ifpw- h- - - - F¬-]n-Pn- bn-epw- s]-t{Sm-fn-epw- D- Hm-t´m- ss{U-{h¿-am¿-°-v q-X- Xp- - sX- I-bdp-∂hsc- I-d°n-°fbpw.- - - - - - - ≤n-ap-´p-≈Xp-am-b- ]-e- ÿ-eßfp-ap-≠.v - - - - cpw.- s{I-Un-‰v- Im¿-Up-Iƒ- D-]tbm-Kn-®v- - ]-tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂-h,- 200 kn-kn- Sq- kv- S¿- ]-cn-io-e- ]-≤Xn- A-[n-Ir-X¿- B- - - F-¥p-sIm-≠m-Wv- tI-c-f-Øn-se- A-hn-Sßfn-te-°v- bm-{X-°m-sc- I-b‰n- - - - Nm¿-Pv- A-S-bv-°m-m-Ipw.- Xp-I- -ev-In- t{Sm-°v- C-eIv{Sn-Iv- Ãm¿-´v- Hm-t´m-dn-£- - - hn-jIcn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- kp-c£,- -v - - Hm-t´m-dn-£-I-fn-se- ao-‰-dp-Iƒ- {]-h¿- _-kv- Nm¿-Pn¬- ÿn-cw- k¿-ho-kp-t]m- bm¬- c-ko-Xv- In-´pw.- D-]{K-l- n-b{¥n- - - A-ßs- Hm-t´m-dn-£Ifpw- h-fcp-Ibm- - - - - - sa-bn-‚≥-kv,- bm-{X-°m-tcm-Sp-≈- hn- - Øn-°m-ØsX-∂p- B-cpw- Xn-c°m-Xn- - - se-bm-bm¬- Hm-t´m-dn-£°m¿-°pw- bm- - X- G¿-∏m-Sp-Iƒ- Iq-Sn- h-cp-tºmƒ- Hm-t´m- Wv.- n-cp-]aam-b- H-t´-sd- L-SIßfm-W-v - - - - - t[-bXzw,- ku-lr-Zw- F-∂n-hsb-√mw- - - cn-°p-∂X?- tXm-∂n-bXp- t]m-se- Nm¿- - -v - {X-°m¿-°pw- H-tc- t]m-se- {]-tbm-P-- dn-£Ifp-sS- n-bahn-cp-≤am-b- t]m-°pw- - - - - - C-t∏mƒ- Hm-t´m-dn-£Ifn¬- L-Sn-∏n-°p-- - ]-cn-io-e- ]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬- D-≠m-IWw.- - - Pv- Cu-Sm-°m-ØXn-s-Xn-tc- hym-]I- - - am-Ipw.- n-b{¥-WØn-em-Ipw.- A-ßs- km-[m- - - - ∂-Xv.- D-b¿-∂- ti-jn-bp-≈- tem- {^n-Iv- ss{U-h-dp-sS- B-fl-hn-izm-kw- D-b¿- am-b- -S]Sn- kzo-Icn-°m-ØXv?- n-b- - - - - - Hm-t´m-dn-£Isf- H-cp- ]n-t∂m-°- hm- - - c-W°m-cp-sS- hm-lam-b- Hm-t´m-dn-£- - - - j≥- F-©n≥- -Kctdm-Up-Ifn-se- K-Xm- - - - Øm≥- C-h- k-lm-bn-°pw.- A-Xv- C-S- a-]cam-bn- sN-tø-≠p-∂- Im-cyw- F-{X- - - l-am-bn- I-W°m-t°-≠- k-abhpw- A- - - - - A-¥km¿-∂- K-Xm-KXam¿-Kam-Ipw.- A- - - - - K-XIp-cp-°p-Iƒ- A-Sn-°Sn- Kn-b¿- am-‰m- - - ]m-Sp-Im-tcm-Sv- -√- co-Xn-bn¬- s]-cp-am- ]-cky-am-bn- ew-Ln-®m-epw- H-∂pw- h-cn- - Xn-{I-an-®p-hcp-Ibm-Wv.- B-[p-n-I- ku- - - Xn--v bq-Wn-t^m-an-´- Hm-t´m- s{U-h¿-am¿- sX- X-c-Ww- sN-øm≥- k-lm-bn-°p-∂p- dm≥- Im-cWam-bn- am-dp-Ibpw- sN-øpw.- - - - hn-Zq-c-X-bn¬- C-cp-∂p-≈- -S-]-Sn- hmN-I-°-k¿Øv quot;-quot;Bcm- kw-km-cn-°p-∂X?quot;- quot;- - F-∂p- - - - -v Ip- Rm-Sb°p-∂n-√.- Ip-ep-°n- hn-fn-t®m- - - -v t°-≠.- H-∂p- ss{S- sN-øs´..-''- - - ™p.- C≥-k{S-£≥- _p-°n¬- tc-Js∏-Sp- -v - ]´nsb t]mse Rm≥- tNm-Zn-®p.- Uyq-´n- t-gv-kv- B-sW- fq-''.- - D-St- X-s∂- Xn-cp-h¥]p-ctØ-°p- - - - - - Øn-bn-´n-t√- F-∂p- {]n≥-kn-∏mƒ- tNm-Zn- ∂m-bn-cp-∂p- a-dp-]Sn.- t]-sc-¥m-W-v F-∂pw- tNm-Zn-®p.- A-Xn-pw- a-dp-]Sn- ]-d™p.- - - - hn-f°v- A-Wb°m-sX- X-s∂- I-´n-en- - - v- te-°p- ho-Wp.- A-c- a-Wn-°q¿- D-dßn-°f- - - hn-fn-°p-∂Xpw- D-St- X-s∂- {]n≥-kn-∏m- - - fn-s- In-´Wsa-∂-v Xn-cp-h¥]p-cw- F-I-v - - - - - ®p.- A-tX,- tc-Js∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v- F-∂p- ]-d™-v t-gk-v _p-°-v F-Sp-Ø-v Im-Wn-®p.- - -v - X√p∂p quot;-quot;Hcp- Im-cyw- sN-øq-quot;quot;- Rm≥- Xp-S¿-∂p.- - - - bm-sa-∂p- Xo-cp-am-n-®p.- aq-∂p- a-Wn-°q¿- D- kvtN-©p-Im-tcm-S-v ]-dbp-∂sX-√mw- F-n- - - - Uyq-´n- tUm-IvS¿- h-∂m¬- t^m-¨- sN-ø- - „ ]´nI PmXn-°m-c-m-b- quot;-quot;Ahn-sS- n¿-tZ-i߃- F-gp-Xn-sb-Sp-°m- - - - d-ßm≥- In-S∂n-´-v A-c- a-Wn-°q¿- I-gn-™p- - °p- tIƒ-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p.- Ww- F-∂p- ]-d™X-v A-p-kcn-°m-sX- n- - - - Xn-m¬ aIs (sF.-F.-F- p-≈- _p-°n-t√-?quot;quot;- D-≠v- km¿- F-∂p- A- -- hn-fn-®m¬- F-n-°v- ip-WTn- h-cpw.- km-[m- v- tUm.-X¶th-ep-hn-s‚- ho-´n¬- s_¬- - - ߃- F-¥n--v t^m-¨- _p-°-v sN-bXp- F- -v kv D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ sI.-kp- dn-bn-®p.- quot;-quot;AsX-Sp-°q.- k-absa-¥m-bn- F- - - - - c-W,- D-dßm≥- In-S∂m¬- kzn-®n-´Xp- t]m- - - - A-Sn-°m≥- Xp-Sßn.- Xn-cp-h¥]p-cw- F- - - - - ∂v- {]n≥-kn-∏m-fn-s‚- tNm-Zy-Øn-v- a-dp-]- tcjv Ipam¿) ]´n- s b- ∂p- tNm-Zn-®p.- quot;-'H∂c''- A-Xpw- F-gp-Xq.- a-- - - -- se- D-dßpw- F-∂m-W-v ho-´p-Im-cn-bp-sS- A- - IvktN-©n-se- Bƒ- F-Sp-Øp.- km¿,- km- - -v Sn- D-≠m-bn-√.- t∏mse X√p-∂p. {¥n- I-Æq-cn¬- n-∂p- hn-fn-®n-cp-∂p.- sX- `n-{]m-bw.- ]-t£- A-∂v- A-Xp-≠m-bn-√.- a- dp- X-s∂- t-cn-´p- kw-km-cn-®m¬- a-Xn.- cm- Uyq-´n- tUm-ISsd- Xn-c°n-b- {]n≥-kn- -v - - ˛A- U z.- s I.- h n.- I p- a m- c ≥ ‰m-sX- F-gp-Xn-sb-Sp-°q.- A-hkm-w- hm-bn- - dn-®-v H-cp- kw-ibw.- Xn-cp-h¥]p-cw- sa-Un- - - - - {Xn- R-߃- kw-km-cn-®m¬- tZ-jy-s∏-Spw.- ∏m-fn-v- A-t±-lw- ho-´n¬- t]m-bn- F-∂- a- (]´nI PmXn-˛-h¿K kw ®m¬- a-Xn.- Uyq-´n- tUm-ISsd- t^m-Wn¬- v- - quot;-quot;icn...-''- - - - dp-]Sn-bm-Wv- In-´n-bXv.- n¿-tZ-iØn-v- hn- - - - bp‡ thZn A[y-£≥) `-c-W-kv-a-c-W-Iƒ- hn-fn-°m≥- ]-d™p.- tUm-IS¿- hm¿-Un¬- - -v A-©p- an-n-´v- t-cw- s_-√-Sn-®p-sIm- ]-co-Xam-bn- {]-h¿-Øn-®- t-gkn-v- I-Tn-- - v- t]m-bn-cn-°p-Ibm-sW-∂p- ]-d™t∏mƒ,- - - - ≠n-cp-∂p.- am-b- in-£- D-≠m-Ipw- F-∂p- ]-d™-v {]n≥- - „ knn-abn-te-°p≈ hc- - A-t±-lw- a-Sßn- h-∂m-ep-Ss- I-Æq¿- K- - - quot;-quot;-tb-kv,- tUm.- X-¶-th-ep,- l-tem..-quot;-quot;- kn-∏mƒ- ho-´n-te-°v- t]m-bn.- hn¬ ISpØ FXn¿∏m-bn- Ãv- lu-kn-te-°v- A¿-P-‚ v- tImƒ- hn-fn- _n.-sh-√nw-Kv-S-¨- {]n≥-kn-∏m-fn-s‚- kz-cw- F-n-°p- -√Xp- - cm-hn-se- B-dp- a-Wn-°v- {]n≥-kn-∏mƒ- cp∂p F√m-h¿°pw. Chƒ °m≥- ]-d™p.- Xm-sg- t]-sc-gp-Xn- H-∏n-´p.- - t]m-se- A-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p.- F-s∂- hn-fn-®-v -S∂- kw-`h߃- F-√mw- - - - in®p F∂v Ah-scms° hm-bn-°q.- hm-bn-®p-tI-´p.- quot;-quot;icn- n¿-Øs´- - - - quot;-quot;CXp- sh-√nw-KvS¨- B-Wv''- - - - - -- ]-d™n-´v- F-¥p- sN-øWw- F-∂p- tNm-Zn- - - hn[n-sb-gp-Xm≥ XpS-ßn. quot;-quot;.- quot;-quot;Kp-Uss-‰v- km¿-quot;quot;- F-∂p- ]-d™v- A- - v- - - °¬- tIm-f-Pn¬- tUm-Iv-S¿- Uyq-´n-°v- C- quot;-quot;akIm-cw- km¿-''- - - - -v - ®p.- knn-am-tem-IsØ-°p-dn®p - h¿- t^m-¨- Xm-sg-h®p.- - √m-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw- t-gk-v I-Æq¿-°-v t^m- - -v Rm≥- I-Æq-cn¬- n-∂m-W.v - -S∂- Im- - Uyq-´n- k-a-b-Øv- lm-P-cm-Im-sX- ho- km[m-c-W-°m¿°n-S-bn¬ e-£Øn¬-]cw- B-fp-Iƒ- kw-_‘n- - - - ¨- _p-°v- sN-bv-Xv- B-sc-b-¶n-epw- sIm- cyw- ap-gp-hpw- hn-iZo-Icn-®p.- D-St- X-s∂- - - - - ´n¬- t]m-bXn-v- tUm-IStd-bpw- n¿-tZ-i- - v- - Gsd A_-≤-[m-c-W-Iƒ °p-∂- H-cp- tbm-KØn¬,- B-hitØm-sS- - - - ≠v- t^m-Wn¬- kw-km-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw- sN-- tlm-k]n-‰en¬- sN-∂-v ]-cn-tim-[°m-pw- -v - - Øn--v hn-]co-Xam-bn- {]-h¿-Øn-®- t-gkn- - - -v nd-™n-cp∂ Ime-am-WX.v - c-≠p- a-Wn-°q¿- {]-kw-Kn-®m¬- D-≠m-Ip-∂- bvXm¬- ]-cn-lm-ky-am-bn-Øo-cn-t√-?.- t^m- - G¿-∏m-S-v sN-bXp.- -v t-bpw- k-ks]≥-U-v sN-øm-p-≈- n¿-tZ- -v Xn-t-°mƒ- £o-Ww- tXm-∂n- t^m-Wn¬- Wn¬- kw-km-cn-°p-∂- B-fn-s‚- Nn-{X-hpw- quot;-quot;-km¿,- sh≥- jm¬- sF- C≥-t^mw- iw- sIm-Sp-Øp.- ˛_o B‚Wn (-Sn) kw-km-cn-®p-Ign-™t∏mƒ.- £o-Wn-®- i- - - Iq-Sn- Im-Wm-p-≈- G¿-∏m-S-v D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p- bp- Zn- dn-kƒ-´?''- (F-t∏mƒ- ^-ew- A-dn-bn- v- - - Cu- kw-`-hw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pv- co-cw- I-´n-ecn-In-te-°-v Im-ep-Isf- -bn-®p.- - - sh-¶n¬- F-∂v- Hm¿-Øp-t]m-bn.- °-Ww.-)- tlm-k]n-‰en¬- B-Iam-w- kw-km-chn-j- -v - - - „ t]meokv k¿hokv a-kv- Xn-cp-h¥]p-cw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm- - - - - F-¥m-W-v t]mw-hgn.- In-S∂- Rm≥- F- - - cm-hn-se- B-dp- a-Wn-°-v F-∂-v Rm≥- a- b-am-bn- am-dn.- H-cp- ]-{Xw- quot;-hn-Zq-cXbn¬- C- - - tUmKv kvIzmUn¬ k¿°n- f-P-v B-ip-]{Xn-bn-epw.- tUm-ISdp-sS- t^m- - -v - gp-t∂-‰p.- t-tc- t^m-Wn-cn-°p-∂- ÿ-e- dp-]Sn- sIm-Sp-Øp.- - cp-∂p-≈- a-{¥n-bp-sS- ]-cn-tim-[bpw- in- - - ƒ apX¬ apI-fn-tem-´p≈ ¨- h-cp-a-t√m.- F-ß-s-bm-Wv- D-d-ßp-I.- sØ-Øn.- I-Æq¿- sS-en-t^m-¨- F-IktN- -v -v {]n≥-kn-∏mƒ- tUm.-X¶th-ep- D-S≥- X- - - £-W- -S]Sn-bpw-'- F-∂- X-es°-´n¬- sa- - - - dm¶n¬s∏´ ]´n- I sf t^m-¨- h-cp-tºmƒ- hn-fn-°m≥- G¿-∏m-Sp- ©n¬- hn-fn-®v- quot;-quot;-C-Xv- a-{¥n- sh-√nw-Kv-S-¨- s∂- Im¿- Hm-Sn-®v- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pn¬- Un-°¬- tIm-fPn¬- -S∂- kw-`h߃- {]- - - - - Xmgv ∂ dm¶n- e p≈ h¿ sN-bX-v D-dßp-∂Xm-W-v ku-Icy-{]-Zw.- A- -v - - - B-Wv.- F-n-°v- A-Xym-hiy-am-bn- Xn-cp-h- - F-Øn.- A-t±-lw- sN-√p-tºmƒ- t-gk-v I- -v kn-≤o-Icn-®n-cp-∂p.- Uyq-´n-°v- lm-Pcm-Im- - - keyq´v sNø- W - a - t √m. X-s√-¶n¬- A-Sp-Ø- Zn-hksØ- ]-cn-]m-Sn- - - -¥-]p-cw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pv- {]n≥-kn- Æq-cn-te-°v- {S-¶v- tImƒ- _p-°v- sN-øp-I- Ø- tUm-IS¿-am¿-°v- A-Xv- H-cp- D-{K≥- Xm- v- CXp sNøm-dpt≠m F∂v sh-≈-Øn-em-Ipw.- K-Ãv- lu-kn-se- tPm- ∏mƒ- tUm.-X¶th-ep-hn-s- t^m-Wn¬- In- - - bm-bn-cp-∂p.- kv{Xo-bp-sS- t^m-Wn¬- Iq-Sn- - °o-Xm-bn.- C-ß-s-bp-≈- ]-e- -S-]-Sn-I- Hcp ]´n t]mepw Xnc-°m- en-°m-c-s- hn-fn-®v,- t^m-¨- h-∂m¬- F- ´-Ww.- ho-´n¬- t^m-Wp-t≠m-?- bp-≈- kw-km-cw- ap-gp-h≥- tI-´p- n-∂- {]n≥- fn-eq-sS-bm-W-v B¿-°pw- h-gßm-Ø- sa-Un- - dn-√. s∂- hn-fn-®p-W¿-ØWsa-∂-v G¿-∏m-S-v sN- - - quot;-quot;km¿,- cm-{Xn- hn-fn-®p-W¿-ØtWm-?''- - - -- kn-∏mƒ,- F-¥n-m-W-v I-Æq-cn-te-°-v t^m- °¬- tIm-f-Pv- tlm-kv-]n-‰-en-se- tUm-Iv- ˛F.-Fw.-Bcn^v (Fw.-F¬.- - bv-Xp.- A-bmƒ- X-e- sNm-dn-™p.- -√- D-d- Rm≥- hn-√n-°p-s∂-∂p- ]-dbq..- - ¨- sN-øp-∂sX-∂p- tNm-Zn-®p.- - S¿-am-sc- n-b{¥-WØn¬- sIm-≠p-h∂X.v - - - - - F) °-am-sW-¶n¬- Rm-s-¥p- sN-øpw-?- quot;-quot;IX- - - quot;-quot;F∂m¬,- km¿- t^m-¨- Xm-sg- h-bv- - - -S-∂- Im-cy-ß-sf-√mw- Np-cp-°n- ]-d- (Xp-Scpw-)--
  • 6. 6 B-tc-m-Kyw-- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 Z-¥-tcm-K- hn-Z-Kv-[¿-°v- kpc£nXa√mØ IpØnsh∏n-s-Xnsc tk^vt]mbn‚ v Am-tcm-Ky-Ichpw- kp-c£n-Xa- - - - - - °p-I,- th-≠{X- ip-Nn-Xzw- ]m-en-°m-Xn- - am-W.v - dm-°n,- {]-ap-J- Nm-ep-Iƒ-hgn- kw-t{]- - - D-∂-X- ]-cn-io-e--hp-am-bn- tm-_¬- _-tbm-sI-b¿- √m-ØXp-am-b- Ip-Øn-sh-b]v- (C≥-sP- - v- cn-°p-I- Xp-S-ßn- hn-hn-[- Im-c-W-߃- I-gn-™- -hw-_¿- 14˛-v- in-ip-Zn-- £-Ww- sN-øm-pw- D-t±-in-°p-∂p.- td-Un- Z-¥tcm-K- hn-ZK[¿-°-v D- - - -v £≥)- co-Xn-Iƒ-s°-Xn-sc,- {_n-´≥- B- sIm-≠m-W-v hn-Ikz-ccm-Py-ßfn¬- -S- - - - Øn-em-W-v C-Xp-kw-_‘n-®p-≈- {]-Nc- - - tbm-bpw- t_m-[-h¬-°-c-W- ]-cn-]m-Sn- ∂-X- ]-cn-io-e- ku-Icy-hp- - - ÿm-am-bp-≈- Po-hIm-cp-Wy-kw-cw-`am- - - - °p-∂- Ip-Øn-sh-b]p-Ifn¬- `q-cn-]£- -v - - W- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ-°-v Xp-S°am-bX.v - ap≥- - - - Iƒ-°v- hn-]p-eam-bn-Øs∂- D-]tbm-K- - - - am-bn- Cu-kv-sX-‰n-Iv- sU-‚ n- b- tk-^v-t]m-bn-‚ v- {S-Ãv- C-¥y-bn¬- hpw- kp-c£n-Xa√m-Xm-bn- am-dp-∂X.v - - - - - cm-j{S-]Xn- tUm.- F.-]n.-sP- A-_Zpƒ- v- - v- s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xm-Wv.- cm-Py-sØ- 14 {]-ap- - kvSn- cw-KsØ- ap≥-n-c°m-cm- - - - hym-]Iam-b- {]-Nm-cW- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- kw- - - - tem-Im-tcm-Ky-kw-LSbp-sS- I-W- - - - I-emw,- ap≥- t]m-eo-kv- ta-[m-hn- tUm.- J- -Kcßfn-em-bn- -S°p-∂- {]-NcW- - - - - - - b- tm-_¬- _-tbm-sI-b¿.- L-Sn-∏n-°p-∂p.- °p-Iƒ- {]-Im-cw- e-£°W°n-v- B- - - - In-c¨- t_-Un- Xp-Sßn-b- hn-in-jS- hy- - - -v ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ-°v- sam-Øw- G-gp- e-£w- C-¥y-bn¬- -S°p-∂- Ip-Øn-sh-bv- - fp-Ifm-W-v Hm-tcm- h¿-jhpw- F-bUk,v - - - -v -v ‡n-Iƒ- Cu- D-Zy-a-Øn-v- ]n-¥p-W- - bq-tdm- B-Wv- sN-e-hv- I-W-°m-°n-bn- ]p-Ifp-sS- aq-∂n-sem-∂pw- Xo¿-Øpw- kp- - sl-∏ss‰-‰n-k˛_n,- sl-∏ss‰-‰n-k˛kn- - -v - - -v - evIp-∂p-≠.v - kp-c£n-Xa√m-Ø- Ip-Øn- - - - - ´p-≈X.v - - c-£n-Xa√m-Ø- X-cØn-em-W-v -SØs∏- - - - - - D-Km-≠- t]m-ep-≈- Nn-e- cm-Py-ß- Sp-∂sX-∂- I-≠Øen-s‚- A-Sn-ÿm-- - - - fn¬- n-b-a-n¿-Ωm-W-Øn-eq-sS- kn-dn- Øn-em-W-v C-Xp- kw-_‘n-®p-≈- t_m- - ©p-Ifp-sS- D-]tbm-Kw- ]q¿-Wam-bpw- kp- - - - [-h¬-°-c-Ww- e-£y-an-´p-sIm-≠p-≈- c-£n-Xam-°m≥- I-gn-™n-´p-s≠-∂-v tIm- - k-a{K-am-b- {]-NcW- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- B- - - - kvI- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- C-¥y-sb-t∏m-se- hn- - tSm-´¬- Cw-πm-‚ v- s{]m- hn-jIcn-®n-cn-°p-∂X.v - sX-‰m-b- Ip-Øn- -v - - im-ehpw- P-kw-Jy-tb-dn-bXp-am-b- H- - - - ^n-jy≥-kn- t{]m-{Kmw- F-∂- sh-bv-]v- co-Xn-I-fp-sS- {]-Xym-Lm-X-ß- Xp-Sßn-b- am-cItcm-K߃-°-v A-Sn-aI- - - - - - sh-bv-]p-Iƒ-s°-Xn-sc-bp-≈- t_m-[- cp- cm-Py-Ø-v C-Xp- kw-_‘n-®p-≈- t_m- - A-©-v sam-Uyq-fp-Ifp-≈- Cu- - fn¬- n-∂pw- A-¥c- ^-eßfn¬- n- - - - - fm-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂X.v - Cu- km-lN- - - h¬-°cWØn-v- {]-[m-am-bpw- am-[y- - - - - [-h¬-°cWw- G-sd- Zp-jIcam-sW-¶n- - - -v - - ]-cn-io-ew- H-cp- h¿-j°m-ew- - - ∂pw- ]p-Xp-Xeap-dsb,- {]-tXy-In-®v- Ip- - - - cy-Øn¬- kn-dn-©p-Ifp-sS- ]p-cp-]tbm- - - - a-ßfp-sS- k-lm-bw- D-]tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øm- - - - epw- tUm.- I-em-an-t-bpw- tUm.- In-c¨- - o-≠p- n¬-Ipw.- F-√m-Øcw- - ™p-ßsf- c-£n-°p-Isb-∂Xm-W-v Cu- - - - Kw- A-S°w,- Ip-Øn-sh-b]p-am-bn- _-‘- - -v m-W-v tk-^t]m-bn-‚ -v {S-Ã-v D-t±-in-°p- -v t_-Un-tb-bpw- t]m-ep-≈- hy-‡n-I-fp- Cw-πm-‚p-Isf-°p-dn-®pw- k-a{K- - - Zu-Xy-Øn-s‚- A-Xy-¥n-I- e-£yw.- s∏-´p- -S°p-∂- F-√m- A-[n-Ir-X- C- - - ∂-X.v - C-Xn-p-]p-dsa,- cm-Py-sa-ºm-Sp-ap-≈- - sS- k-lm-btØm-sS- Ir-Xy-am-b- ap-t∂- - ]-cn-io-ehpw- ¢n-n-°¬- ]- - - F-√m- Ip-Øn-sh-bv-]p-I-fpw- kp-c- S-]m-Sp-Ifpw- X-Sbp-∂Xn--v n-ban¿-Ωm- - - - - - 300˛-Hm-fw- kn-n-am- Xn-tb-‰dp-Ifn¬- {]- - - ‰w- -SØm≥- I-gn-bp-sa-∂m-Wv- tk-^v- - cn-Nbhpw- e-`y-am-°p-∂- Cu- - - £n-Xam-°p-Isb-∂- t-´Øn-p- th-≠n- - - - Ww- X-s∂- -S-tØ-≠- k-a-bw- A-Xn- Xn-Zn-w- aq-t∂m- m-tem- X-hW- Cu- hn- - t]m-bn-‚ v- {S-Ãn-s‚- {]-Xo-£.- tIm-gk-v ]q¿-Øn-bm-°p-∂h¿- -v - bm-W-v X-ßfp-sS- {]-h¿-Øsa-∂-v tk- - - - {I-an-®n-cn-°p-Ibm-sW-∂-v tIm-kI- ]-d- - -v j-bhp-am-bn- _-‘s∏-´- e-Lp-Nn-{Xw- {]- - - hn-iZhn-hc߃-°-v sh-_ssk-‰p- - - - - -v °v- C-‚¿-m-jW¬- tIm-¨- - ^v-t]m-bn-‚ v- {S-Ãn-s‚- ÿm-]-I-m-b- ™p.- P-kw-Jy-bpw- P-km-{µ-Xbp-ta- - - - Z¿-in-∏n-°m-pw- ]-cn-]m-Sn-bp-≠v.- Iq-Sm- Iƒ-:- www.safepointtrust.org; www. {K-k-v Hm-^-v Hm-d¬- Cw-πm-t‚m- am¿-Iv- tIm-kvI- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- D-]tbm- - - dn-b- C-¥y-sb-t∏m-sem-cp- cm-Py-Øv- C- sX- H-cp- an-n-‰v- 30 sk-°‚ v- ssZ¿-Ly- - youthforhumanrights.org; www.m- f-Pn-Ãkn-s‚- s^-tem-jn-∏-v e- -v Kn-®- kn-dn-©p-Iƒ- ho-≠pw- D-]tbm-Kn- - Ø-cw- -S]Sn-Iƒ- A-Xy-¥m-t]-£n-X- - - ap-≈- H-cp- sS-en-hn-j≥- ]-c-kyw- X-øm- arckoska.com. `n-°pw.- Cu- ]-cn-io-e- ]-≤Xn-bn- - - te-°-v A-t]-£n-°m-p-≈- Iq- k®n≥ evIp∂ thZ kndn-©p-IfpsS ]pxcp]- - quot;k®n≥ ˛ Zn sUUven ]pjv' Sp-X¬- hn-h-c-߃-°v- _-‘- s∏- t S- ≠ - C- ˛ - s a- b n¬- : - info.india@nobel biocare. com tbmKw hcpØp∂ hn-Isf-°p- - F∂ ap∂p ann´v Nn{X-Øn¬ k®n≥ F∂ Ip´nbv°v kpc-£n- X- a - √ mØ IpØn- h bv ∏ v S- sa-s{Sm-s]m-fn-kn-v- Øn-bXn-m¬ thZ-tbmsS ac- - - W- Ø n- t e°p oßp- ∂ - X m k-kv- - Wv Nn{Xo-Icn-®n-cn-°p-∂X.v lrZ- - - b-kv]¿inbmb Cu Nn{X-w Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn¬ {]Z¿in-∏n-®- A-s{I-Un-t‰-j≥- t∏mƒ CXv H∂c ann´v C-¥y-bp-sS- G-I- aƒ-´n- ]ckyNn{X-am-°n-bXv sSen-hn- m-j-W¬- e-t_m-d-´-dn- sN- j≥ Nm-ep-I-fnepw kwt{]- bn≥- sa-s{Sm-s]m-fn-k-v sl¬- jWw sNbvXp. Øv- k¿-ho-kn-v- ku-Øv- B- ¢nn-°¬ {Sb-ep-Iƒ S- {^n-°≥- m- j-W¬- A-s{I- Øp∂ skmdm-sP≥ _tbm-sS- Ivtm-fPokv F¬-F¬]n-bpsS - tUm. Nmƒkv tdm_¿Svkv knCH BWn-t∏mƒ Nmƒkv. t^mt´m-{Km-^n-bn¬ XXv]-c≥. dn®v Bƒ°msc t_m[-hXIcn- - v - ^mj≥ t^mt´m-{Km-^¿ F∂p Un-t‰-j≥- kn-Ãw- (k--kv-)- °m≥ tk^vt]m-bn‚ v Xbm-dm- t]sc-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂p. k®ns‚ Aw-Ko-Im-cw.- Cu- Aw- Ko-Im- °nb eLp-Nn-{Xw kwhn-[mw IY 508 Zi-e£w Bƒ°m¿ cw- e-`n-°p-∂- G-I- e-t_m-d´- - sNbvXXv tUmIvSdmb Nmƒkv - CXn-Iw I≠n-´p-s≠-∂mWv dn-bm-W-v sa-s{Sm-s]m-fn-k-v sl- tdm_¿Svk.v Icp-Xp-∂X.v - ¬-Ø-v k¿-ho-k.v - B-tKm-f-X-e-Øn¬- Aw- Ko-Icn-°∏Sp-∂- (¢n-n-°¬- - - - e-t_m-d´dn- Cw-{]q-hsa-‚ -v A- - - -v kndn-©ns‚ D]-tbmKw Hcn-°¬ am{Xw sa≥-ksa-‚ k),- (tIm-fP-v Hm- -v -v -v ^v- A-ta-cn-°≥- ]-tXm-fPn-Ã-v kv),- (m-jW¬- A-s{I-Un-t‰- - - j≥- t_m¿-U-v t^m¿- sS-Ãnw- - - kn-dn-©v- Hcn-°¬- D-]tbm-Kn- - - bp-≈- Ip-Øn-hb∏p-Iƒ- c-‡Py- ssh-d- - v- - - Kv- B≥-U-v Im-en-_td-j≥- e- - ®- kn-dn-©v- D-t]-£n-°p- kp-Iƒ- ]-Scm≥- Im-cWam-Ipw.- F-®sF-hn- - - - -v t_m-d´do-k-v )- Aw-Ko-Im-cß- - - - I- am-{X-am-Wv- Ip-Øn-hbv- - t]m-ep-≈- Iq-Sn-b- tcm-K-߃- am-{X-a-√- a- fpw- sa-s{Sm-s]m-fn-kn-p-≠v.- ∏n-eq-sS- tcm-K߃- ]-Scm- - - ™-∏n-Øw- t]m-ep-≈- tcm-Kßfpw- hym-]- - - Xn-cn-°m≥- k-lm-bn-°p-I- I-am-bn- C-Xp-aq-ew- ]-Scmw.- - sb-∂Xm-Wv- bp.-sI-bn¬- - tI-{µ- Hm-^o-kp-≈- tk-^-v •m-kn-tem- πm-Ãn-°n-tem- n¿-an-®- kn- dn-©p-Iƒ- sX-‰m-b- co-Xn-bn¬- {]-tbm-Kn- {io[cobw- --- F-Sp-°p-I- t]m-bn-‚ v- Nm-cn-‰n- {S-Ãn- s‚- n-e]m-Sv.- - ®m¬- A-]-I-S-km-[y-X- G-sd-bm-Wv.- ho- ≠pw- D-]tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂- kn-dn-©p-Iƒ- n- - ¢n-n-°p-Iƒ- D-]-tbm-Kn-®- kq-Nn- tcm-[n-®-v H-‰{]m-hiy-sØ- D-]tbm-KØn-p- - - - - bpw- kn-dn-©pw- -in-∏n-®p- sh-∂v- D-d∏p- h-cp-tØ-≠- - ti-jw- ]n-∂o-Sv- D-]-tbm-Kn-°m≥- ]-‰m-Ø- Hm-t´m- Un-tk-_nƒ- kn-dn-©p-Ifm-Wv- hym- - B-cw-`n°p-∂p- - Np-aXe- tcm-Kn-bpw- Iq-sS- - - ]-Iam-t°-≠sX-∂p- t]mƒ- a-≈n≥-k-v ]-d- - - t{- X-Nn-In-’m- tI-{µ-am- bp-≈hcpw- G-s‰-Sp-Øm¬- - - bp-∂p.- C-Xn-m-bp-≈- n-ban¿-am-Wam-W-v - - - b- Iq-Øm-´p-Ip-fw- {io-[co-bw- - - ssh-Im-sX- {]-iv--]-cn- C-¥y-bn¬- B-h-iyw.- D-Km-≠-bn¬- A-Sp- B-bp¿-th-Zn-Iv- sF- tlm-kv- lm-c-am-Ip-sa-∂v- tk-^v- Ø-Im-eØv- C-Xn-m-bp-≈- n-baw- ]m-km- - - ]n-‰¬- B‚ -v dn-k¿-®-v sk‚¿- t]m-bn-‚ v- t{]m-P-Iv-Sv- am- °n-bn-´p-≠v.- tI-c-f-Øn-se- {]-[m--s∏-´- H-Sn-°p-I- t]mƒ a≈n≥kv tUm. tPmk^v {^m≥knkv 50 -Kcßfn¬- B-bp¿-th-Z- - - - t-P¿- t]mƒ- a-≈n≥-kv.- k¿-°m¿- B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn-em-Wv- D-]- tem-Im-tcm-Ky- kw-LSbn- - - tbm-Kn-®- kn-dn-©pw- kq-Nn-bpw- B-hiy-am- - H.-]n- ¢n-n-°p-Iƒ- B-cw`-n- se- C-Ωyq-ssW-tk-j≥- ≈n≥-k-v {]-Xn-n-[o-Icn-®n-cp-∂p.- - b- tcm-Km-Wp- -io-IcW- -S]Sn-Iƒ- Iq-Sm-sX- km- - - - - °p-∂p.- Un-∏m¿-´vsa-‚ n¬- a-≈n≥- - ]p-Xn-b- kn-dn-©-v Iq-Sn¬- n-∂-v F-Sp-°p-I,- Ip-Øn- [m-cW- B-h¿-Øn-®-v D-]tbm-Kn-°m-p-≈- km-lNcyw- - - - - {-^m-ss©-kn- hy-h-ÿ- kv- B-dp- h¿-jw- {]-h¿- h-b∏n-p- ti-jw- A-X-v H-Sn-°p-I,- A-X-v kp-c£n-Xam- n-ehn-ep-≈sX-∂v- tk-^vt]m-bn-‚ v- {]-h¿-Øß- -v - - - - - - - b-nem-Wv- ¢n-n-°p-Iƒ- B-cw- - Øn-®- ti-jw- 2006 am¿-®n- bn- H-cp- s]-´n-bn¬- n-£]n-®- ti-jw- ^-e{]-Zam-bn- fp-am-bn- k-lIcn-°p-∂- sIm-®n- tIm-˛Hm-∏td-‰o-h-v sa- - - - - - - - `n-°p-∂X.v - B-bp¿-th-Z- t-{X- - em-Wv- A-hn-Sw- hn-´-Xv.- C- n¿-am¿-Pw- sN-øp-I- F-∂o- -S]Sn- {I-aßfm-W-v tk- Un-°¬- tIm-fPv- A-tkm-kn-tb-‰v- s{]m-^k¿- tUm.- - - - - - - - Nn-In-’b°-v {io-[co-bw- sF- - -v - -in-∏n-°p-I- t∏mƒ- C≥-sP-£≥- tk- ^vt]m-bn-‚ -v ap-t∂m-´p- h-b°p-∂X.v - Cu- e-Lp-ktµ- tPm-k^v- {^m≥-kn-kv- kq-Nn-∏n-®p.- s]m-Xp- B-ip-]- - -v - - - tlm-k]n-‰en-se- tUm-IS¿-am- -v - -v ^v‰n- B≥-U-v F-a¿-P≥-kn- - i-Øn-s‚- {]-Nm-cW- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ-°m-W-v {S-Ã-v t-Xr- {Xn-Ifn-ep-≈- Cu- {]-ivw- A-[n-Ir-X¿- A-dn-bm-Ø- - - - cp-sS- tk-hw- e-`y-am-Ip-∂Xn- - - sd-kt]m-¨k-v I-¨kƒ-´‚ .v - kp-c£n-Xam-b- Hm- -v - - - - - Xzw- -eIp-∂Xv.- s]m-Xp-P- t_m-[hXIcWam-Wv- X-√.- k-∂≤{]-h¿-ØI¿- ap-∂n-´n-dßn-bm¬- tcm-Kw- v- - - - - v- - - - - - - - sm-∏w- a-‰p- B-bp¿-th-Z- Nn- t´m- Un-tk-_nƒ,- -¨- do- bq-k-_nƒ- kn-dn-©p- e-£yw.- ]-cØp-∂- kq-Nn-Iƒ- -in-∏n-°m≥- I-gn-bpw.- B-ip-]- - In-’bv-°m-bn- ]p-dsa-n-∂p- - - Iƒ-°v- B-tKm-f- n-ehm-cw- G¿-s∏-Sp-Øm-p-≈- - C-¥y-bn¬- C-t∏mƒ- aq-∂n-sem-∂p- Ip-Øn-hb∏p- {Xn- ]-cn-k-c-ß-fn¬- n-∂v- D-]-tbm-Kn-®- kq-Nn-I-fpw- - -v ≈- {]-K-¤-cp-sS- tkh--ß- C-‚¿-m-jW¬- Ãm≥-Um¿-Uk-v Hm¿-Kss-tk- - -v - I-fpw- kp-c£n-Xa√m-Ø- co-Xn-bn-em-W-v -SØp-∂sX- kn-dn-©p-Ifpw- ti-Jcn-°p-∂hsc- ssI-tbm-sS- ]n-Sn- - - - - - - - - - fpw- e-`y-am-Ipw.- j≥- I-Ωn-‰n-bn¬- tem-Im-cm-Ky- kw-L-S--sb- a- ∂m-Wv- tk-^vt]m-bn-‚ v- Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂Xv.- C-ßs- Iq-Sn- in-£n-°m-p-≈- kw-hn-[m-hpw- D-≠m-IWw.- - - - - -
  • 7. Im-bn-Iw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 7 sIm-®n- t_mƒ-Km-´n-bn¬- H-cp- h¿-j-Øn-p-≈n¬- a-do-- sIm-®n- t_mƒ-Km-´n-bn¬- 50 bm-´p-Iƒ-°v- -¶q-c-an-Sm≥- Sq-dn-kw- cw-K-Øv- tI-c-f-Øn-v- G-sd- `m-hn-bp-≠v.- F-∂m¬- °pw- thmƒ-thm- So-aw-K-߃-°pw- G-sd- B-kzm-Zy-I-c-am-I-s´- I-gn-bp-∂- X-c-Øn¬- a-do--bpw- 40 ap-dn-I-tfm-Sp- Iq-Sn-b- a-do-- C-Xp- ]q¿-W-am-bpw- D-]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øm≥- tI-c-f-Øn-v- I-gn- sb-∂v- c-hn- B-iw-kn-®p.- lu-kpw- dn-{In-tb-j≥- sk-‚-dpw- H-cp- h¿-j-Øn-p-≈n¬- ]q¿- ™n-´n-√.- A-Xn-m¬- thmƒ-thm- Hm-jy≥- td-kv- t]m-ep-≈- Fw.- ] n- a m- c m- b - tUm- sk- _ m- à y≥- t ]mƒ,- N- { µ≥- Øn-bm-°p-sa-∂v- B-`y-¥-c-˛-Sq-dn-kw- a-{¥n- tIm-Sn-tb-cn- _m-e- ]p-Ø≥- kw-cw-`-ß-sf- t{]m-’m-ln-∏n-°p-sa-∂p- tIm-Sn-tb-cn- ]n-≈,- Fw.-F¬.-F-am-cm-b- s{]m-^- sI.-hn- tXm-a-kv,- tXm- Ir-jW≥.-sIm-®n≥- t]m¿-´v- {S-Ãn¬- -S∂- thmƒ-thm- Hm-jy≥- v- - ]-d-™p.- a-kv- Nm-≠n,- t]m¿-´v- {S-Ãv- sN-b¿-am≥- F≥- cm-a-N-{µ≥,- td-kv-˛-C-¥y- tÃm-]v- Hm-h¿- B-tLm-j-ß-fn¬- A-[y-£-X- h- tI-{µ- {]-hm-k- Im-cy-a-{¥n- h-b-em¿- c-hn- B-tLm-j-߃- Sq-dn-kw- sk-{I-´-dn- tUm- hn.-th-Wp- Xp-S-ßn-b-h¿- kw-_- ln-®p- {]w-kw-Kn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p- a-{¥n.- D-ZvLm-Sw- sN-bvXp.- tI-cfØn-s‚- a-tm-lm-cn-X- k-µ¿-iI¿- - - - - - - ‘n-®p.- tI-c-f-Øn¬- 2010˛¬- tZ-io-b- K-bnw-kv-;- h≥- ku-I-cy-߃- G¿-s∏-Sp-Øpw- kw-ÿm-Ø-v 2010˛¬- -S°p-∂- tZ- - - kn-sb- G¬-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.- 2010 ta-bv- H-∂n- Un-b-hpw- C≥-tUm¿- tÃ-Un-b-hpw- n¿- io-b- K-bnw-tkm-sS- 14 Pn-√-I-fn-epw- Im- m-Wv- K-bnw-kv- B-cw-`n-°p-∂-Xv.- an-°pw.- I-Æq-cn¬- C≥-tUm¿- tÃ-Un-b- bn-I- hn-IkØn-m-hiy-am-b- A-Sn-ÿm- - - - - 50,-000 t]¿-°v- C-cn-°m-hp-∂- {]-[m- am-Wv- ÿm-]n-°p-∂-Xv.- 1,-000 tIm-Sn- cq-]- - ku-I-cy-߃- D-≠m-Ip-sa-∂v- a-{¥n- - tÃ-Un-bw,- Xn-cp-h--¥-]p-c-Øv- ]p-Xn- bp-sS- hn-I-k-- {]-h¿-Ø--ß-fm-Wv- tZ- Fw.-hn-P-b-Ip-am¿- n-b-a-k-`-bn¬- ]-d- b- C≥-tUm¿- tÃ-Un-bw,- ]n-c-∏≥-tIm-´v- io-b- sK-bnw-kn-tm-Sv- A-p-_-‘n-®v- - ™p.- tZ-io-b- K-bnw-kn-s‚- am-Xr-Ibn¬- - A-¥m-cm-jv-{S- o-¥¬-Ip-fw,- sIm-√-Øv- S-°p-∂Xv.- - Cu- h¿-jw- ap-X¬- tI-c-fm- K-bnw-kv- B- tlm-°n- S¿-^,v - C≥-tUm¿- tÃ-Un-bw,- B- C-Xp-Iq-Sm-sX- c-≠mw- L-´-am-bn- Im- cw-`n-°p-sa-∂pw- a-{¥n- ]-d-™p.- e-∏p-gbn¬- hm-´¿- kvt]m¿-kv- tÃ-Un-bw,- - - k¿-tKm-Uv- Pn-√bn¬- Pn-√m- kvt]m¿-Svkv- - - - Xn-cp-h¥]p-cw,- F-dWm-Ip-fw,- tIm- - - - - ]p-∂-a-S-°m-b-en¬- s-lv-dp- t{Sm-^n- ]- tImw-π-Iv-kpw- h-b-m-´n¬- H-cp- C-‚¿-m- gn-t°m-Sv- F-∂n-h-bm-Wv- K-bnw-kn-s‚- ap- h-en-b≥,- F-dWm-Ip-fØv- B-[p-n-I- jq- - - j-W¬- B¿-®-dn- s{S-bn-nw-Kv- sk-‚-dpw- Jy-th-Zn-Iƒ.- sIm-√w,- B-e∏p-g,- Xr-iq¿,- - ´nw-Kv- td-©v,- A-¥m-cm-jv-{S- n-e-hm-c-ap- a-e-∏p-d-Øv- ^p-Sv-t_mƒ- A-°m-U-an-bpw- a-e-∏p-dw,- I-Æq¿- F-∂n-h- D-]-th-Zn-I-fm- ≈- kzn-Ωnw-Kv- ]qƒ- F-∂n-h-bpw- ]-Wn- ]m-e-°m-Sv,- tIm-´-bw- F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬- Ipw.- C-¥y≥- H-fn-ºn-Ivkv- A-tkm-kn-tb- - I-gn-∏n-°pw.- Xr-iq¿- o-¥¬-Ip-f- k-ap- C≥-tUm¿- tÃ-Un-bßfpw- C-Sp-°n-bn-se- - - j-s‚- am--Z-Wv-U-a-p-k-cn-®p-≈- ku-I- ®-b-tØm-Sp- tN¿-∂v- C≥-tUm¿- tÃ-Un- aq-∂m-dn¬- ssl- B¿-´n-Syq-Sv- s{S-bn-nw-Kv- cy-ß-sfm-∂pw- X-s∂- C-t∏mƒ- tI-c-f- bw- ]-Wn-bpw.- a-e-∏p-d-Øv- Im-en-°-‰v- bq- sk-‚-dn-s‚- c-≠mw- L-´-hpw- ]q¿-Øn-bm- Øn¬- C-s√-∂pw- a-{¥n- ]-d-™p.- A-Xn- Wn-th-gv-kn-‰n- tÃ-Un-b-Øn¬- sh-tem- °pw.- K-bnw-kv- hn-t√-Pv- Xn-cp-h--¥-]p-c- m¬,- C-Xn-m-h-iy-am-b- H-cp- t{]m-P-Iv-Sv- {Umw- n¿-an-°pw.- Øm-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v- hn.-Un- k-Xo-is‚- k- - dn-t∏m¿-´-v X-bm-dm-°m≥- sI.-Fk.v sF.-Un.- - - tIm-gn-t°m-´-v 400 ao-‰¿- {Sm-°p-≈- tÃ- _v-an-j-v- a-dp-]-Sn-bm-bn- a-{¥n- ]-d-™p.- a-dtUm-W- - ]¥p-Ifn-°v- ]-Zp-t°m-¨- sN-b¿-am-m-bn- sdm-Wmƒ-tUm- a-S-ßn-h-cp-∂p- tem-Iw- I-≠- F-°m-e-sØ-bpw- an-I- ]p-Øp-W¿-hv- ao-m-£n- hn-Z-Kv-[- k-an-Xn- ®- kvss{S-°¿-am-cn-sem-cm-fm-b- {_-ko-en-b≥- - Xcn-im-bn-°n-S°p-∂ tIcf tI-c-f-Øn-se- kv-Iqƒ,- k¿-h-I-em-im-em- X-e-ß- Xm-cw- sdm-Wmƒ-tUm- ^p-Sv-t_mƒ- I-f-Øn- ^p-St_mƒ- {Ku-≠p-Ifn¬- ]®∏n- -v fn-se- Im-bn-I- {]-h¿-Ø߃- im-kv{Xo-bam-°p-∂Xn- - - - - - te-°p- a-Sßn-hcp-∂p.- Zo¿-LIm-ew- ]-cn-°n- - - - s‚ km-∂n-[y-hp-ambn- CXm- c≠p- p- {]-Im-iv- ]-Zp-t°m-¨- sN-b¿-am-m-bn- H-cp- hn-Z-Kv-[- s‚- ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂- sdm-Wmƒ-tUm- {_- hm¿ØIƒ. Cw-•oj- v {]o-an-b¿- eo- - -- k-an-Xn- cq-]-h-Xv-I-cn-°p-sa-∂v- hn-Zym-`ym-k-a-{¥n- Fw.- ko-en-b≥- kq-∏¿- ¢-∫m-b- sIm-dn-¥n-b≥- Kn-s‚ am-Xr-Ibn¬- sIm-®n≥- {]o- F- t_-_n.- kn-p- th-≠n-bm-Wv- ho-≠pw- _q-´v- A-Wn- an-b¿- eo-K.v - Pn.-hn- cm-P ^p-St_m- -v H-fnw-ºn-Iv-kv- jq-´nw-Kv- tP-Xm-hv- A-`n--hv- _n-{µ-bv- bp-∂Xv.- - fn--v ho-≠pw- Po-h≥-hbv°p-∂p.- - °v- hn.-sP.-Sn- lm-fn¬- H-cp-°n-b- A-p-tam-Z--®-S-ßn¬- C-‰m-en-b≥- ¢-∫m-b- F-kn- an-em-n¬- FdWm-Ip-fw- Pn-√m- ^pSvt_mƒ- - {]-kw-Kn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p- a-{¥n.- Cu- hn-Z-Kv-[-k-an-Xn- I-fn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-s°- s^-{_p-hcn-bn¬- Im¬- - Atkm-kn-tbjs‚ ap≥-ssI-b- bn¬- ]-Zp-t°m-Wn-sm-∏w- {]-h¿-Øn-°m≥- A-`n--hv- ap-´n-t-‰- ]-cn-°n-t-Øp-S¿-∂-v I-fn-°fØn¬- - - n¬- kw-LSn-∏n-°p-∂Xm-W-v sIm- _n-{µ-bpw- k-Ω-Xn-®n-´p-≠v.- n-∂p- sdm-Wmƒ-tUm- ]n≥-am-dp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- - ®n≥- {]o-an-b¿- eo-K.v - Kcw- tI{µo- tI-c-f-Øn-se- ^p-Sv-t_m-fn-s‚- h-f¿-®-bv-°v- F-¥p- I-fn-°-f-Øn¬- Xn-cn-®p-h-cm≥- I-gn-™- Ip- Icn-®p-≈ kw-kYm-sØ BZy- -v k-lm-b-hpw- sN-øm-sa-∂p- tem-I-{]-i-kv-X- ^p-Sv-t_m- td- am-k-ß-fm-bn- Xo-{h-{i-a-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p- s{]m-^jW¬- eo-K- v ASp-Ø h¿- f¿- a-d-tUm-W-bpw- k-Ω-Xn-®n-´p-≠v.- a-d-tUm-W- tIm¬- sh-∂-v 32˛-Im-cm-b- sdm-Wmƒ-tUm- ]-d™p.- - - jw- s^{_p-hcn-bn-tem- am¿-®n- s°m-Ø- k-µ¿-in-®-t∏mƒ- Cu- B-h-iy-hp-am-bn- aq-∂p- X-h-W- an-I-®- tem-I-^p-Sv-t_m-f-dpw- tem- S°p-sa∂v- kw-Lm-SI¿- tI-c-f-Øn-s‚- {]-Xn-n-[n-Iƒ- A-t±-l-sØ- k-µ¿- c-≠p- X-h-W- an-I-®- bq-tdm-]y≥- ^p-Sv-t_m- ]dbp-∂p.- alm-cm-Pm-k-v tIm-fPv- in-®n-cp-∂p.- f-dp-am-bn-cp-∂- sdm-Wmƒ-tUm- Xn-cn-®p-hcp-∂- - {Ku-≠n¬- Bchap-bcp-∂ B tI-c-f-Øn-s‚- Im-bn-I- tem-I-sØ- -ho-I-c-W-ß- Xv- B-cm-[Isc- B-th-iØn-em-°n-bn-cn-°p- - - - sdm-Wmƒ-tUm kp-Zn-Øn-m-bn- ap-°-v Im-Øn- sf-°p-dn-®v- A-`n--hv- _n-{µ-tbm-Sp- Nn-e- Im-cy-߃- N¿- I-bm-Wv.- sdm-Wmƒ-tUm-bp-sS- h-c-hn¬- X- {_-ko-en-se- G-‰-hpw- h-en-b- ¢-∫p-I- cn-°mw.- 1984˛se Xm¬-°m-en-I ®- sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v.- A-t±-l-Øn¬-n-∂v- hn-e-s∏-´- ]-e- ߃- k-¥p-jvScm-sW-∂v- ¢-∫v- - - fn-sem-∂m-W-v sIm-dn-¥n-b≥-k.v - {]-ikX- Xm- - -v Km-edn- Zp-c¥sØXp-S¿-∂v- n¿-tZ-i-ß-fpw- e-`n-®n-´p-ap-≠v.- A-Xp- {]m-tbm-Kn-I- X- A-[n-Ir-X-cpw- ]-d-™p.- c-ß-fm-b- sU-t°m,- sS-h-kv,- Zn-Z- F-∂n-h¿- A∂sØ ss^epw- Nm-ºy≥- e-Øn-se-Øn-°m≥- {i-an-°p-sa-∂pw- a-{¥n- ]-d™p.- kv-- 1994˛-epw- 2002˛-epw- tem-I-In-co-Sw- Nq-Sn- ap-º-v Cu- ¢-∫n¬- I-fn-®n-´p-≠.v - ]-cn-°p- ÿn- jn-∏- v Xs∂bpw- Dt]£n-t°≠n- Iqƒ,- k¿-h-I-em-im-em- cw-K-ß-fn-se- Im-bn-I- {]-h¿- b- {_-ko¬- So-an-se- Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂p- sdm- c-am-bn- A-e-´p-∂- sdm-Wmƒ-tUm- C-n- F- h∂ Pn-.hn- cmP Nm-ºy≥-jn-∏-v - Ø-߃- G-Io-Icn-°m-pw- im-k{Xo-bam-°m-p-ap-≈- - - v- - Wmƒ-tUm.- 2002˛¬- A-t±-lØn-s‚- an-Ihp- - - {X- am-{Xw- tim-`n-°p-sa-∂v- A-dn-bm-n-cn-°p- XekvYm-Øv- ho-≠pwh∂p- Ifn- - {]-h¿-Øßfn¬- Xm≥- t-cn-´p- ]-¶m-fn-Øw- h-ln-°m- - - - sIm-≠m-Wv- {_-ko¬- In-co-SaWn-bp-∂Xv.- - - - ∂-tX-bp-≈p.- Øm-fw- sIm-≠p-hcp-sa∂v- {]Xo- sa-∂pw- _n-{µ- k-Ω-Xn-®n-´p-s≠-∂v- a-{¥n- A-dn-bn-®p.- £n-°mw.-
  • 8. cmyk 8 Im-gv-N- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 dn-® ]-t√m-Sv- Um-Un Iq-fn¬- C¥y≥- tam-Uepw- ln-µn,- - - X-an-g,v - I-∂S,- sX-ep-¶-v kn-n-am- - Xm-chp-am-b- dn-®- ]-t√m-S-v a-ebm- - - f-Øn-te-°.v - Um-Un- Iqƒ- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn¬- a-Ωp-´n-tbm-sSm-∏am- - Wv- A-`n--bw.- B-n- F-∂- I- Ym-]m-{X-sØ-bm-W-v A-hXcn-∏n- - - °p-∂X.v - Nn-{Xo-IcWØn-en-cn- - - - - °p-∂- Um-Un- Iqƒ- 2009˛¬- {]- Z¿-iØn-s-Øpw.- - - 1980 Hm-K-Ãv- 30˛-v- t_mw- s_-bn¬- P-n-®- dn-®- _m-eXm- - c-am-bn-´m-Wv- ln-µn- kn-n-a-bn- se-Øp-∂-Xv.- 1991˛¬- A-n¬- I-]q-dn-tm-sSm-∏w- e-ta- F-∂- A-an-Xm-`n-v- ln-µn- Nn-{X-Øn¬- ]q-P-bm-bn.- 1997˛¬- jm-dq-JJm-tm-sSm-∏w- _m-e-Xm-c-am-bn- ]¿-tZ-in¬.- v- D-≠- n-d-®- 2000˛¬- sX-ep-¶p- Nn-{X-am-b- p- hp- Im-hen-bn¬- an-I®- -Sn-°p-≈- ^n-enw-s^-b¿- A-hm¿-Uv- t-Sn.- - - 2001˛¬- Xn-cp-P√p- (sX-ep-¶),- jm-Plm≥- (X-an-g),- 2002˛¬- A-√n- A¿- - -v - -v dn-thmƒ-h¿ Pp-- (X-an-gv-),- Ip-®v- Xpw- I-tlm- Ip-®v- lw- I-tlw- (ln-µn-),- tlm-fn- apw-ss_-bn¬- `o-Ic¿- sh-Sn-bp-b¿-Øp- Xm-WUham-Sn- - v- - - (sX-ep-¶),-2003˛¬- Im-X¬- In-dp-°≥- (X-an-g),- Xpw- tk- an¬-°¿- tdmw- -v -v b- cm-{Xn-Ifn¬- t_m-fn-hp-Uv- C-Xn-lm-kw- A-an-Xm-`v- _-®≥- - Kv- -º¿- (ln-µn-),- 2004˛¬- N-∏m-se- (I-∂S),- A-·n- ]w-Lv- (ln-µn-),- - - X-s‚- sse-k≥-kp-≈- dn-thmƒ-h¿- X-ebWb°Sn-bn¬- h- - - - -v - tIm≥- tl- tPm- k-]vtm- taw- B-bm- (ln-µn-),- 2005˛¬- Pp-em-´- (I- - ®m-Wv- D-dßn-bsX-∂v- A-an-Xm-`n-s‚- tªm-Kn¬- sh-fn-s∏-Sp- - - ∂-S),- o¬- B≥-Uv- n-°n- (ln-µn-),- 2006˛¬- kw-Xnw-Kv- kw-Xnw-Kv- D- - ج.- Po-hn-XØn¬- B-Zy-am-bm-Wv- D-≠- n-d®- tXm-°pw- - - -°pw- F-°pw- (X-an-g)- F-∂n- Nn-{X-ßfn¬- A-`n-bn-®p.- - v- - - X-eb°Sn-bn¬- h-®-v In-S°p-∂X.v - .-32 dn-thmƒ-hdm-W-v A-an- - -v - - - - X-an-gn¬- ¬-hchv,- sX-ep-¶n¬- t_- aq-hn-kn-s‚- H-cp- Nn-{Xw- F- - - Xm-`v- D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv.- apw-ss_- sX-cp-hp-Ifpw- sI-´n-Sß- - - - - ∂n-hbn-em-Wv- a-ebm-fØn-√m-sX- C-t∏mƒ- A-`n-bn-°p-∂Xv.- B- - - - - - fpw- I-Øn-bacp-∂Xp- Sn-hn-bn¬- I-≠p- A-a¿-jw- ]q-≠m-Wv- - - - Nn-{X-ßfpw- A-Sp-Ø- h¿-jw- F-Øpw.- - dn-thmƒ-h¿- ssI-bn-se-Sp-ØXv.- - sk-do-m- h-lm-_v- ]n-∂-Wn- Km-b-I-cp-sS- A-P-¥- Xn-cn-s®-Øp-∂p- ]n-∂Wn- Km-bn-Iam-cp-sS- {]-WbIYbm-Wv- - - A-P¥- F-∂- Nn-{Xw- ]-dbp-∂X.v - F-t√m-d- aq-hn- ¢- - - - - - - - H-cn-°¬,- B-µv- A-P¥sb- sF- kvs]-jen- - Ãv- tUm.- A-c-hn-µn-s‚- A-Sp-Øv- sIm-≠p- sN-∂p.- - - - - _v- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- n¿-am-Ww,- - - A-P¥b°-v Im-gN- Xn-cn-®p-In-´p-sa-∂-v tUm-IS¿- ]- - - -v -v -v I-e-≠-dn-eq-sS- c-N,- c-N,- kw-hn-[m-w- cm-P∏- c-hn-i¶¿,- n¿-h- - ln-°p-∂p.- - hn-p- tam-l≥- m-bIm-Ip-∂- Nn-{X-Øn¬- l- - - - - d-™p.- ]-t£,- Iq-Sp-X¬- ]-Ww- sN-e-h-gn-°-Ww.- ]-Ww- I-s≠-Øm-m-bn- tam-l≥- kn-Øm-cbp-sS- t- Xr-Xz-Øn¬- A-ta-cn-°-bn¬- t{]m-{Kmw- -S-Øm≥- - a-e-bm-f- kn-n-a-bn¬- Xn-f-ßn-n-∂n-cp-∂- m-bn- Wn- tdm-km-W-v m-bn-I.- A-m-Ym-b- B-µn-s‚- - - B-µv- Xo-cp-am-n-®p.- A-t∏m-gm-Wv- B-µn-s‚-bpw- - - I- sk-dn-m- h-lm-_-v 23 h¿-jØn-p- ti-jw- Xn-cn-s®- - Øp-∂p.- H-t´-sd- an-I®- m-bn-I- I-Ym-]m-{X-ßsf- A-h- - - (hn-p- tam-l≥-)- Po-hn-XIYbm-Wv- Nn-{Xw- ]-dbp- - - - - A-P¥bp-sS-bpw- Po-hn-Xw- X-In-Sw-adn-®- kw-`h߃- - - - - - X-cn-∏n-®v- F-¨]Xp-Ifn¬- n-d™p-n-∂- Cu- m-bn- - - - - ∂-X.v - B-µ-v an-Is®m-cp- m-bIpw- kw-Ko-X- kw- - - - - I-S∂p-h∂X.v - - - - I- G-sd- m-fm-bn- hn-kv-ar-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.- a-tl-jv- hn-[m-bIp-am-bn-cp-∂p.- am-Xm-]n-Xm-°fn-√m-Ø- Ip- - - - hn-p- tam-l≥,- l-cn-{io- A-tim-I≥,- k-enw-Ip- kw-hn-[m-w- sN-øp-∂- I-e≠¿- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn-eq-sS- - d-h-v n-IØn-bn-cp-∂X-v lu-k-v Hm-Wdm-bn-cp-∂p- (l- - - - am¿,- am-ap-t°m-b,- km-bIn-c¨,- A-n-b∏≥,- B-- v- - - bm-Wv- sk-do-bp-sS- Xn-cn-®p-hchv.- - - - cn-{io- A-tim-I≥-).- B-µ-v a-ebm-fØn-se- -º¿- - - - µv,- B-e∏n- A-jvd^v,- l-Wn- tdm-kv,- D-j,- s]m-∂- - - - m-bm-´v,- Nm-acw,- a-Ztm-’hw,- F-¥n-tm- ]q-°p- - - - h-¨- Km-bIm-Ipw.- tm-°n-t°m- F-∂v- lu-kv- - - Ω- _m-_p- F-∂n-htcm-sSm-∏w- tam-l≥- kn-Øm-c,- - ∂- ]q-°ƒ,- ]m-f߃,- ]-ck]cw- Xp-Sßn- H-t´-sd- Nn- - - v- - - Hm-W¿- Im-Wp-∂htcm-sS-√mw- ]-dbpw.- - - - _n-Pp- m-cm-bW≥- F-∂n-hcpw- A-`n-bn-°p-∂p.- - - - {X-ßfn¬- m-bn- - an-I®- Km-bIm-Ip-∂X-v kz-]w- I-≠-v B-- - - - - -v kw-Ko-X-Øn-v- {]m-[m-yw- ¬-Ip-∂- A-P-¥- Im- {]m-[m-y-ap- µv- Km-ta-fIfn¬- ]m-Sn-bpw- tIm-dkv- ]m-Sn-bpw- - - - - - bn¬- C-fbcm-Pbp-sS- H≥-]X-v Km-ßfp-≠.v - F-t√m- - - - - - - ≈- I-Ym-]m-{X- S-∂p.- C-Xn-n-S-bn-em-Wv- B--µn-s‚- Po-hn-X-Øn- d- aq-hn- ¢-∫n-p- th-≠n- n¿-an-°p-∂- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- ß-fn-eq-sS- apw- te-°v- A-P¥- (l-Wn- tdm-k)- F-∂- A-‘Km-bn- - v- - Iym-ad˛- C-fhcPv,- Km-߃-˛- F-kv.- c-ta-i≥-m- - - - - - - ss_-°m-cn-bm-b- I- I-S-∂p-h-∂-Xv.- A-P-¥-bp-sS- km-ao-]yw- B-- b¿,- kw-Ko-Xw-˛- C-fbcm-P,- tIm- U-bdIS¿-˛- l-o- - - - - -v Cu- -Sn- a-e-bm- µn-v- h-en-sbm-cp- X-W-em-bn.- A-h-s‚- a--kn¬- kv,- F-Un-‰nw-K˛- P-bi¶¿,- s{]m-U£≥- I-¨t{Sm- -v - - - - fn-I-fp-sS- {]n-b- A-P¥- C-Sw- I-s≠-Øp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- - - f¿-˛- F.- I-_o¿,- hn-XcWw-˛- F-t√m-d- dn-eo-tk-gk.v - - - -v s∏-´- m-bn-Ibm- - bn.- 1985˛¬- {]n- b-Z¿-i≥- kw-hn- [m-w-sN-bX- ]p- -v Ip-kr-Xn-I-fp-am-bn- ho-≠pw- l-cn-l¿- -K¿- ∂m- c w- sNm- √ n- Ah¿- Xn-cn-®p-hcp-Ibm-Wv.- ]-Xn-s-´v- - - - ≠mw- `m-Kw- F-Sp-°p-∂Xv.- ]-t£,- ]-Xn-s- - gn-®-v Zq-sc-bp-≈- ÿ-eßfn-te-°-v ]n-cn-™p- - - s®m-√n- F-∂- Nn- h¿-jw- ap-ºv- a-ebm-fn-Isf- X-ßfp-sS- n¿- - - - ´p- h¿-jØn-p- ti-jam-W-v C≥-lcn-l¿- - - - - t]m-b- A-h¿- ho-≠pw- H-∂n-®v- l-cn-l¿- -K- {X-tØm-sS- a-e- tZm-jßfm-b- Ip-kr-Xn-Iƒ-sIm-≠-v Hm¿-Ø-v - - K-dn-s‚- c-≠mw-`m-Kw- H-cp-ßp-∂X.v - - dn¬- F-Øp-Ibm-W.v - A-hcn-sem-cmƒ- tXm-a- - - bm-fØn-se- I-cn- - Hm¿-Ø-v Nn-cn-°m≥- A-hkcw- kr-jSn-®- C≥- - - -v H-cp- Nn-{X-Øn-v- B-Zyw- B-hiyw- I-Ym- - kp-Ip-´n-bp-sS- hn-hm-ln-›bhpw- a-‰p-am-bn-- - - b¿- a-Xn-bm-°p-I- l-cn-l¿- -Kdn-se- B- m¬-h¿- kw-Lw.- a- - ]m-{X-ßfm-Wv.- ]p-Xn-b- Nn-{X-Øn¬- hy-‡n- - _-‘s∏-´-v H-Øp-Iq-Sp-∂- A-h¿- ho-≠pw- Ip- - bm-bn-cp-∂p- sk- lm-tZ-h≥,- tKm-hn-µ≥-Ip-´n,- A-∏p-°p-´≥,- tXm- kr-Xn-Øcßfn-eq-sS- {]-ißfn-eIs∏-Sp- - - - -v - - - - do-.- a-kp-Ip-´n- ho-≠pw- l-cn-l¿-Kdn¬- {]-Xy-£- - - I-bm-W-v Sp- l-cn-l¿- -K¿.- X-¶w- tPm¿-P-v s∏-Sp-Ibm-W.v - c-≠mw- l-cn-l¿- -K¿.- - I-Ybpw- I-Ym-]m-{X-ßfpw- C-t∏m-gpw- t{]- - - F-∂- tIm-fP-v A- - a-ebm-f- kn-n-abn¬- lm-ky-Øn-v- ]p- - - £-I-cp-sS- a--kn-ep-≈-Xn-m¬- A-tX- A- [ym- ] n- I - b p- s S- Xn-b- `m-hw- ¬-In-b- kn-≤n-Jv- em¬- kw-hn- ¥-co-£Øn-em-W-v Cu- Nn-{X-hpw- H-cp-°p-∂- - th-j-am-Wv- I-e- [m-w-sN-bX- C≥- l-cn-l¿- -K¿- F-∂- Nn- -v Xv.- smƒ-Ãmƒ-Pn- D-W¿-Øp-∂- B- ]-g-b- ≠-dn¬- sk-do-- {X-Øn-s‚- c-≠mw- `m-Kw- em-em-W-v kw-hn-[m- ln-‰v- Km-߃- C-∂n-s‚- ]m-´m-°n- A-eIv- - - bv-°v.- am-Xr- ]p- w- sN-øp-∂X.v - - kv- t]m-fn-s‚- do-an-Iv-kn¬- ho-≠pw- {]-tbm- {Xo-_‘Øn-s‚- Xo-{h-Xbm-W-v Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-eq-sS- A- - - - C≥- l-cn-l¿- -K¿- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn¬- P-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibm-Wv.- _n-®p- Xn-cp-aebp-sS- - - - - h-Xcn-∏n-°p-∂X.v - 23˛m-asØ- h-bkn¬- hn-[hbm-b- X- - - - - - - {]-[m-- I-Ym-]m-{X-ßfm-bn- A-`n-bn-®- ap-- - h-cn-Iƒ,- a-[p- _m-eIr-jW≥,- Pm-kn- Kn-^-v - -v ¶w- tPm¿-Pn--v G-I- a-Iƒ- sIm-®p-dm-Wn-bm-bn-cp-∂p- F- tI-jv,- kn-≤n-Jv,- P-KZo-jv,- A-tim-I≥- Xp-S- - ‰v,- hn-o-Xv- {io-n-hm-k≥- F-∂n-h¿- B-e]n- - √mw.- A-Ωbpw- a-Ifpw- am-{X-ap-≈- Cu- tem-IØn-te- - - - ßn-bhcm-Wv- em-en-s‚- 2 l-cn-l¿- -Kdn¬- - - - °p-∂p.- °v- a-s‰m-cmƒ-Iq-Sn- I-S∂p-h∂Xn-s-Øp-S¿-∂p-≠m-Ip- - - - ho-≠pw- {]-Xy-s∏-Sp-∂Xv.- hn-o-Xv,- k-enw-Ip- - I-e˛- {]-im-¥-v am-[h,v - ta-°∏˛- ]n.-F≥.- - - - -v ∂- kw-`hßfm-Wv- I-e≠¿- ]-dbp-∂Xv.- -hym- m-b- - - - - - - am¿,- Xn-eI≥,- P-m¿-±≥,- I-em-im-e- _m- - - a-Wn,- h-k{Xm-e¶m-cw-˛- F-k.v _n.- k-Xo-i≥,- -v - - cm-Wv- sIm-®p-dm-Wn-sb- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂Xv.- ]r-Yzn-cm- - - - _p,- sIm-®p-t{]-a≥,- m-cm-bW≥-Ip-´n,- e-£-v - Ãn¬-k˛- kp-n¬- Kp-cp-hm-bq¿,- ]-cky-Ie- v- - - Pv- Cu- kn-n-abn¬- H-cp- {]-[m-- I-Ym-]m-{X-sØ- A- - an- dm-bv,- tcm-ln-Wn,- {]-ho-W,- [-y,- Pm-- ˛- km-_p- sIm-tfm-Wn-b,- A-tkm-kn-tb-‰-v U- h-Xcn-∏n-°p-∂p.- - In,- {io-P- Xp-Sßn-bhcm-Wv- ]p-Xn-b- {]-ap-J- - - - b-dIS¿-˛- am¿-Øm-WU≥,- r-Øw-˛- {]-k∂,- - -v -v - sk-do-m- h-lm-_n-s- a-ebm-fØn¬- G-‰hpw- {i- - - - Xm-c߃.- - kw-L´w-˛- am-^n-b- i-in,- {In-tb-‰o-hv- tIm- - - t≤-b-bm-°n-b- Nn-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p- `-c-X-s‚- Nm-a-cw.- B-Zy-Nn-{X-Øn-se- Iym-adm-am≥- th-Wp- - ¨-{Sn-_yq-j≥-˛- P-jo¿- ap-lΩZv,- F-Un-‰¿-˛- - - 1980˛¬- tIm-´bw- kn.-Fw.-Fkv- tIm-fPn¬-h®m-bn-cp- - - - - X-s∂-bm-W-v Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-epw- Om-bm-{K-l- hn.- km-P≥,- s{]m-U.- F-Ivkn-Iyq-´o-hv˛- sP- - - ∂p- C-Xn-s‚- Nn-{Xo-IcWw.- C-t∏mƒ- c-≠p- ]-Xn-‰m-≠n- - - Ww- n¿-hln-°p-∂X.v - A-∂sØ- -S≥- A- - - - bvk¨- F-fw-Ip-fw,- s{]m-U£≥- Un-ssk- - - - p- ti-jw- sk-do-- Xn-cn-®p-hcp-∂- I-e≠dn-s‚- Nn-{Xo- - - - ∏-lm-Pbpw- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-epw- A-`n-bn-°p- - - Xz-ap-≈- m-ev- I-Ym-]m-{X-߃- B-Zy-ta-bp- ¿-˛- tPm-kv- X-Shm¬.- - - I-cWhpw- kn.-Fw.-Fkv- tIm-fPn¬-h®m-Wv.- -¥ym-´v- - - - - - ∂p-≠.v - ≠v.- ]-Xn-s-´p- h¿-jØn-p- ti-jw- I-≠p-ap- - ]n.-F≥.- th-Wp-tKm-]m¬,- em¬- F-∂n- ^n-enw-kn-s‚- _m--dn¬- k-Pn- -¥ym-´m-Wv- Cu- Nn- H-cp- ln-‰-v Nn-{Xw- t{]-£Icp-sS- a-kn¬- - - - ´p-∂- A-h¿-°v- am-‰ßƒ- D-≠m-Ip-sa-¶n-epw- - h¿- tN¿-∂-v n¿-an-°p-∂- ]p-Ø≥- lm-ky-X- {Xw- n¿-an-°p-∂X.v - - n-∂pw- am-bpw- ap-tº- G-ItZ-iw- c-≠p-aq-∂p- - P-∑kn-≤am-b- kz-`m-hØn-v- bm-sXm-cp- am- - - - cw-K- Nn-{X-am-b- 2 l-cn-l¿- -K¿- .- em¬- dn- h¿-j-Øn-p-≈n-em-Wv- B- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- c- ‰-hpw- D-≠m-Ip-Ibn-√.- I-eym-Wsam-s°- I- - - eo-kv- Xn-tb-‰dn-se-Øn-°pw.- - cmyk
  • 9. cmyk Im-e-n-Iw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 9 A-`q-X-]q¿-h-am-b- hm-b-m- {]-Xn-I-c-Ww- t{Im-kv-tdm-Un-v- Hm-¨-sse≥- ]-Xn-∏v- hm-b--°m¿- B-th-i- ]q¿-hw- kzo-I- In-´p-tºmƒ- hm-bn-°p-Ibpw- `m-hn-bn-te-°v- kq- - A-`q-X]q¿-ham-b- hm-bm- {]-Xn-IcWam-Wv- - - - - - - cn-®- A-®-Sn-®- t{Im-kv-tdm-Uv- C-n- Hm-¨- £n-®p-hbv°p-Ibp-am-Imw.- F-t∏mƒ- th-Wsa- - - - - A-Xn-p-≠m-b-Xv.- A-Xv- hm-bn-®- ti-jw- q- sse-n-epw.- I-S-em-kn¬- A-®-Sn-®- t{Im-kv- ¶n-epw- B-h-iy- `m-K-Øn-s‚- {]n-‚ v- Hu-´v- F-Sp- dp-I-W-°n-p- t]¿- {]-Xn-I-cn-®p.- tem-I-Ø- 9 tdm-U-v ssZz-hm-cn-I- A-tX- t]m-se-Xs∂- t]- - Øv- D-]tbm-Kn-°mw.- - 2008 Un-k -w_¿ - 01˛ 14 ºm-Sp-ap-≈- a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ-°v- {]-tbm-P--s∏-S- -߃ Pv- hn-ym-k-Øn¬- tem-I-Øv- F-hn-tS-bpw- hnh-c v N-ß-m-ti-cn-bn¬- n-∂v- 1994 ap-X¬- {]- Ø-°- hn-[w- D-S≥- X-s∂- t{Im-kv-tdm-Uv- Hm- ƒI m≠ yk --ß ∏-Sp- C-‚¿-s-‰-v I-W£≥- D-≈- Iw-]yq-´dp-Ifn¬- - - - cm hni -I-e s° kn-≤o-I-cn-®p- h-cp-∂- k-a-Im-en-I- ns Zbm- dm-U A`yp cn-°pw. mkvtp-tSbpw kzoI hpw - sa®-s Imw- - - - ¨-sse≥- B-°-W-sa-∂v- `q-cn-]-£w- t]-cpw- ƒI w Dƒ pw. t{I°m-c m-b߃n-hn-ym-k n-d - - d-Ø {ian-° hmb- A`n-{] en] bn ]p bv°p p- - w- -W-ß - Øm≥ p-tSbpw -a-amb Ifpam Ie] n-{i-aa p- - - f - - v - thi Pp- vkv, en‰ jnIhmb--£¿ t] ns‚ cq]psS ]cXm-°f v - -e-n-I - c- ]m¿S - ns‚ v - ¬ If tdm-U Kv[ ky-Zm- ߃° hm-bn-°mw.- do-Un-kIh¿- tI-cf- tUm-´-v tImw- -v - - Im -I ƒI ho£ B {]-ta-b-߃-°m-bp-≈- A-¥¿-tZ- en-‰n, Aß , kvt Pohn-XØ knn-a s t{Imkv ßfpw v v]n-‰m- ,v tem -tfbpw ho£ t{I mk tlmkB¿SvkJ-e-I Ifpw - ß fpw IqSmsfpw ¿, td-® vX ta hm¿Ø h-c≠Ømw. q-Wp-I fpw - W tdmU X ß n¬ ° v IqSp-X t{ImkIq´w hnZ pw ]c≠ am‰ øpw. - p∂ Hcp m-cp-tSb th w sN w cq] ]n∂hmb-- y-{]-Im-dm-Ip-I ZØnep amb mcw ≠v. pw Bh-i v Xb {]Xn]m ssienbp m- c nI tSb mktdmU nepw amb v ss Zzh v bp - n SSRO 14 AD CRODecember 01- A-`n-{]m-bs∏-´p.- A-Xm-W-v ssh-Im-sX- X-s∂- - ¿Ø hn - ns‚ . 8 - ns‚ kak n-°pw. fpw se Is Im¿´ ‡n-I t{I {]tabØ XykvX dm U p-Xp-I 200 I hm am‰Ø b ¿i ß kv] - e - c-t]m n-∏n-°p∂ a‰p ]w w hy mk v t n Ic Øv √. ]pXn n¬ F-∂- sh-_vssk-‰n-em-Wv- t{Im-kvtdm-Uv- ]- - - m‰-Ø {] - o-I kn≤ ƒ A ]e hnj h FSbn¬ n-I bm-e -W-ß io-b- a-ebm-fw-˛Cw-•o-jv- am-kn-I- cwK n- cW S-ßp-∂ -b-ß ∂pw - - ƒ -hn-ep-≈ n-n- - pw - -f hn i-I ¬ Ht ck m-Ifpw tdmUn °msct^mt´ hmb- fpw - Nn{X-ßpw. vtdm-Unphn`hß]{Xte-J ]w‡ p- - - p∂ Im-mW evI ƒ e IcpsS o- - hne v bv° v - - v n-bnep t{I ¥amb `w-K p∂ kz F Ø °m¿ hmb nƒ h¿n-‰¿ - Kok v Icn- °w- ]-≈ n¬ t{Im-ktdm-Uv- C≥¿-s-‰n¬- hm-bn-°m-p-≈- v- Y p. CX ƒ° ssa°nwKv FU mbn n-‰¿ Ae-sn-≤o-I-c p-∂p. ne p-∂Zm-Xm-°t{Imk m-I I- w- DAIL P TO n-° D≠ t{Imk Is∏´ ∂cmbteJ-Icpw¿´qWn-à n- - - - w.-s Xn-∏p-Iƒ- {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv.- sh-_v- hn- a {]kØn-d-ß m≥ {ia -ky- n-bn¬ ]pd- w anp-° pw ]c coX n-≤o-Iw - bm-b- do-˛-Un-kv-I-h¿- tI-c-f-bp- AXn-t ]cn- n¬ {]i{Km^ - - esdNb kº kvX ¿amcpw Im n¬ A - tdmU am-bm¿∂ v W amt-P kv aØv FU tXma n-Iyq-´ oh Sn-.F G¿-∏m-Sv- sN-øm≥- ]-{Xm-[n-]- k-an-Xn-sb- t{]- AM, v k z-j-W N-STO apJ -°m¿°∏-Sp∂ vS-s .v n {]k e° {iaw. Xz-Øt^mt´m- w t{Imk ]pXp- pw. F√m - FI z hmb- Cj Ibm-W n-I-bmb v Cu vtfm- n tXr mcpw m-c∑mcp -ß-fn¬-bn-cn-° h-iy-amb PUR I - - yk Gsd v amdp- ¬ amk mkvtdmUmb Sm_ mb a- I -b -- Imc∑ Nn{X-I pw e° m-t≠ pw B y-am-°m≥ tdmU 6 apX p∂ t{I I¿j-IZzhm-cn- H∂mw - cm THA Ifpw-°pw. hc IqSn-s°K°m¿° e` `-£ NO v m- - -t v- 200 n-c pw n¬ n-sS- - a-p- A ¬ B p≈ ss amkhpw nb ƒ em-kw-:- www.rediscoverkerala.com. tlmw- n-c -h-߃ pw hn` vtdm-U ¬-^ NAN M U M B h∂ cn®p ¬ IqSp-X -Øn-e F√m Xo b-X I v, - -Xv.- C-h - Cuk-µ¿- hn` b-°m¿° t{Imk -am-W m¬ - m-b A - -v sj apX hep-∏ n apX¬n- © mw pw. hm¿Ø-k mw -°m-c m≥- h-∂ v- Rm≥ - hy-h tS-Xm-Wv- www.r-ediscover-ker- - - - - - UVA cn-∏n-®-Xv.- Zn-h-k-߃-°p-≈n¬- A-Xv- -S-∏n- n- {]m bnUv∂p. C ]X Øn-dß pw. _nk FtÃ-¿ W - k¬ I-gn-° -e-am- ’-c-ap- - F-s‚- ®n- ≈ ]- D - hn⁄ n-N-b Ww- -s‚- ÿ - a- m¬ n-∏n- HIR HI AN amdp-b-X nb pw v ]pd- D≠m-I v, dnb¬ .sjb , _p° - m-¥-a - ]-c ¿- v.- -√ Xn- -j n- Xo mkvtdmU pw -Pvsa‚ SmIk,v {Smh¬ - T v y-bn¬Ww,- hn-a ƒ- jy m-d n-cp-∂ k-t¥m Øp- I-g d- - - KOC t{I mSp n∂ v, amt d≥k,v mj≥, - m- a- hn-Z Zo-Ic ¶-X-ß w- in-° am-b-bm-sf- p- sIm-Sp- s]-´n-∏p- p.- - b- - mep] IvSvkC≥jz v, ^ - - -cn-W ¬,- hn-i-W- k-t v.- ImcWhn- km v- A Im-i w- ]-‰n- n-cp-∂ p- G-I - k-]- c Xn-h w.- -c m- s{]mU nw-K,v sl¬Ø -fl- s∏Sp-Ø -[m- p-y-am-W -Xn-bpw- -Xn- cn-°-Wh-gn-tbm ∂- R∂m-Sv- F-g - , _m¶-‰v, n¿ - - z Bƒ- z i-w,- ^-ei m-∑-I- Irv.- Cu- Ir pw- Øp- X-s - F-t p-hm≥- Ba- n-t‰-g v-kv- t m-´v- n¬- ‰v ° am¿ a-l-a.-com- sh-_v-ssk-‰v.- tk- 16 A-i z-X n- -∏-d-h - I .- mw- z ⁄ m- - - m-b -K W - - acW z Un F-√ k¿ p-kv- -. ]ca m-k - 60 cq-] v-.- Im cm- ™m- -ß-f ∂.- - A--^v- sI z {]- Hm-t -c-{]-]-© - X-sn¬- n-∂ -ß-s -Ø ™n- - I-Ym-nw-kv- tPv- z hn-e8 Hm-K-à ho-Sp- - bpw- A v-X-I pw- ]-d v-°m- v-:- R m- mƒ m-I p- A-b-‰p- t] .- X-s∂-bn-√.- h-i Bƒ-Øn-°p-I ∏m - a t∂ y-s∏-Sn-√ n-c-°p- - H-cp- √,- -hn-Sn-c m- c - s -t F- em-°n.- A-p-n-an-jw- hn-I-kn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn- -dp-I-b - P-b .-_p-Iv-k w- 200 n-bm-sX- pw- a-b ]p-kpw- H-∂ ®-h-b n.- Rm- m- l y- ° p-Xm-pw.- R- FU -ß ijw- H- kn -≤o-I-c-W-∂-d -e-™ F-¥n- mtcm-S -bn¬- -Øn-d n- k- - te - B-W -kv-]-cw-n-®n-√.- - kn F-¥n-s -bpw- Aabm-bpw- -∂- H- √.- X-d -∂p- ]p-d p-a-Wm-´-ep- se - ]-c -km-c - t- hy-‡ n-hn-t ‚- s -_m-a -Øn-s -Øn- H hy¿- Im-hm-ew- am-t-Pnw-Kv- F- _m-a- - p-I Sn- - - -S A .- - -S ]-Ø n-d-ß p-Iƒ-° -™pw-p-`-h- I-Y - sX -t∏mƒ- cp-∂p.- tl-S-®n-c - hn-´ acp-∂ n- Xn-c - A - p- °p- m- th-≠ n-s‚- Abn-cp-t∂m m- - a-b-am-k-I-e-X 'en-cn- m-- ⁄ - ∂m¬ pw- kw n-b- -√ -hn- °-e - ]-‰ A bn- -A pw- - In¬ - -- H-cn- p-hm≥ - Rm≥ b-Ym¿-m- ߃-- cn-° n-°n-√ y≥- - °p-∂- C-eIt{Sm-Wn-I-v km-t¶-Xn-I- hn-Zy-tbm- - -v F-Un-t‰-gv-kv- tm-´v- tem-In-{Xw- Xn-cp N-c H - - S p-Ø-v - n-™ n- ∂- - t - Ø ]n-S Iw- B- cm-°v- H- hwiP -fm-bn- p-∂p- te - bn¬ - Un-‰-dpw- tP-°-_v- Im-hm-ew- sae y≥.- N-c °p-tºm t±- t ¬- tIpw- tPm-nw-K-v I-ayq- !- - I-d - a-p-j n¬ ∂p- A- - - - _m-a p-Iq-Sn-b Xn-bn¬ m-°p- - B{^n ®v- c- sU bn-cp-∂p.- a]TØ Zy-h -Zy- I-dp- s‚- n-tbm - n-b- D-- - bmsS- Zy-s ta-cn-° p- - - - - ≥- h-s dm- pw- ]-T - ¬- ‰n-ap-Sn-®v- I-b‰cm-[t _m-a.- B m-b- A Cu- a- m- b-d 1988˛¬fn¬- tN yq-hn-sn.- 1990˛¬ - No^ yq- tem- Ø.- _- a-cn-°≥- p- m-fp-I n-em-bn-c - Cu- n- te hm¿-Um-b- FU n.- FUXmfw- h-c±-lØ i- - l-s ˛- At v.- Ip-d-® - h-gn-If m-c-m-b am-b- Nn- - l- iP pw- Bb ]t bpw- At p-Ø- hw X.v - - -v - - pw- -v X-e{Xw- ssI- -h Sn-bn-cp-∂m¿-∏td- n-sN-bX n-‰n- t{] ƒ- - j-W ∏n-e e∏ {Kq- No-^v- F-Un-‰dp-am-Wv.- {]-ap- - - n-∂ m-jW‰n-°¬- Sv- _n-k dk ¬- 198 IS- - -v h- - - - - - - Øn-b ≥-kn¬ _n-c ¿-m- - w- ]q¿dn-te-j ≥-k kv- C-‚ k¿- - Ip- C-‚¿- s]m-fn- p.- ]n-∂o- n-epw- C-‚ 5 ap-X IS-v U- q- - j e k-b n- - - ‰-v dn-t 8 - - - tºm K[] m-°p- - hn-Z p-Zhpw- - - - B- - n-b ¿-∂p.- ‚- B - dn-h- v- F- dn-h - b m- kv-I v- tem- - n-‰dm- - n-‰¿- C≥ p-∂- n-m- - n¬- ƒ- H- -v - T- -v p.- 198 m-P W - - - -v - n-m-b ¿-jw-X Ø- - - n- l-h s∂- - -v - m¿-U - yq- - v- dn-h t bp-hm-h --am- m¬- -c-sØ Iƒ- quot;-m-jW X-e-ÿ H-cp- m-Wn-`- kwkm-n-em-bn-c - a-p-jm-c-°m-c- A- cp- m-m¿-÷ - F-∂-c- Xo jy-s- ∂p.- h-bp-sS- n-bn-se- - h-gn-h v.- sk- c-ß-f m-Im-d.v - B kw-k -t∂m v-°v- H- - - cp-≠ n-®-hp-a yw-? - - K ⁄ ‚- e-£lm-km- cp- a-p- c-ß-sf- - (tKm- - ]-m-P b-‰¿-) p-∂p-≠d- I-gn- sS- t] - -√- -e-sØ -®-b bm- Xn-s n-s‚- a- p-∂- H- B-bn- -ß-fn¬ am-b n-am- Xn-thn-ev-° v- Ip-t --bp- Y-Øn¬ -∂- Im m-cy- N¿ m-se-tp-∂p- -Ø n-ev-° -Wmw.- -°-b Im- kn- sdm-´n- ]n-cn-™ hn-ev-]m≥- - Wv.- sNcp- kz-I w- t] m-bn-c m- a- Øn- hn¬- Im C-cpƒ- ip-{iq-jsS- C- °m¿- v- tjm- -hn-sS- Wv- R ßn- bmƒ- H-p.- cm-jv-{Im-cy-ß hm-t° n-√.- - - p- H-Sp- -Z--bp-sS- b‰p-∂ -X-ß-f ‰-Øn-cn- °-‚ h-sc- Aßm-´m- I-fn- Xp-S Xn- cp-º-´ h-en-b- m-sm-cp- m-Sp-Ø n-cp- - - - th p- I-cIym-¥¿-K q-sS- H- - A-p- bpw- pw.- A-t .v - c-≠mw- n-sS- H-´ I-S-I- a-t‰m- w.- R m-´p- sI n-™ m-c- n-∂a-p-j -ß-fn-e -e-bp-∂ v-Ip-∂p.- ≠m-h ]mbX m¬- A-h -©m-dp- y-°m- hn-j-b - A-tßte-°v- Ip-kw-k bn.- - `q-X-e m-bn- A-Iw- -e m-¥am- S-∂p-t∂-Xn- p-∂p.- A B-h-icp-∂p.- -t m m-{X-Øn- -Øn-b v-X v,- G-I n-eq-sS- bn-cp- m-bn-c m-fw- sh-f n- Cu- ]p-ke™ -e-ØS- A-dn- c-°n-√ -{X-tØ -∏p-≠ m-´ -ßn- ∂p.- A A- - - `q-X am-bn- n-®v,- Im n-eq-s n-b- H-cp- - fpw- A n-b- hn-i-dn-b- -dn-bpw- hm sh- am-W.v - p-Im-cs‚ hea {`m¥ -tz-ja---Ø tX-S m-Wn-Xv. cpw.- h-em-ep- sN -° t]m-se-p-hm≥- Fgp-Ø esvaid bn- o-£n-®v,- m¿-Yw-`hßf -bn¬,- aq-∂p-]m-{Xw- ]-® yw- n-cn-° p.- F- www.jam A ]-c v,- Po-hn-XAp- ™ m-hn-s‚- - n-i-_-am-b cß- - Øn-∂ tdm-U -s∏-´ - D-b - - - - -X - - -i - pw- So-b -f m-bn- n-bpw- c- Xo‰∏ -∂p- n¿ sd v-Z n-cn-°p- ≠p- p.- B-h n¬- C-´ n- X-∂ ¿-∂- - - yan - vssk m sh_ling.co sk_ ‰v: - m-k ‰y≥- -v sSm-∏w- tN¿-∂p- ap-t∂-dp-Ibm-W-v t{Im-ktdm- - Upw.- A-Xn-v- hm-b--°m-cp-sS- k-lm-b-k- -v °≥- n-U-‚ cn-°p-∂ -dp-∏-° Xy-kXIm≠p-X hw n-U‚hpw- F-¨Xe- n- H-cp- I-dcp-∂p- A m- - - - bq-h G-Im-¥ - {]-[ ≠v- A£ -˛-c ≈-hpw.- - ho-™m-bp-≈ m- - - - - k¨- sPb -v - {]-k k-© -≤.- sN pw- hy-v. AXp-s - {]-k m- - cp-sS- Np-ay-am-b bm-bn- m-Iw- te n-b sIm- p-∂- `m-h hn- B-bmƒ am-{X-a jy≥- n-s‚- {i I≥- F-∂ m-W - I-Ø [ym-] v- D- - t - b-a- AXn-Iƒ-° A-Xpw- - ¥m-K- te m- Ipw- ]-e ta- - s∂ n¬-n-∂ p-∂p.- A v- ]- Ø o-£n-° n-U-‚ - w- - - Sab±- l - J- {]-kn-≤o-IcWßfp-sS- - - - - ∂- kv-Y¿-am- mw- BZ - ImgN- n.- a-Km- F-UC-sX-√ n-‰ bn.- n¬- F-Øn-∂n.- - P- m¿-Un¬ tS m-Sp-Ifn- a-bp-sS- Xy-kX- - - p-∂ -v sP.-U - l-h_n-cp-Zw- X- Np-‰p-] - H-_m- epw- hy- C-Xv- A Uv- Xy-k-v hy- - -v ∂ n-Ifn- ∂p.- °≥- K-X m-bn-cp- -ta-cn- p-Ø- - eq- - sS- I-SNn-¥ ∂p-hm- - -v - h-{µ k¿-t p-Iƒ- -{I-an-°hmb IØn- n-° ∂- I-Æ kw fm-W ]p-kv- p-∂- q-sS- - - - - fn-e m-Pz-eXI m-cpw- -`-hn-° tk hmb° - kw sS- - C-S-bn¬ pw - - - - .- A v- - X- - cm- - p- l-I-c-W-߃- Xp-S¿-∂pw- G-sd- B-h-iy-am- {]-X ≥- {]-k n-b- Cu bp≠sØ- A Zy- I-d n-{X-h- - t]-Pv- Xp-d∂m-ep-S≥- t{Im-kvtdm-Uv- G-‰hpw- - - - cn-°n-bn-se-Ø p-jy- Z-h p-Ø- a- - G- m≥ - I-d - ]-Tn-° NmZ- n¬ p-≠v.- {]-t m-pw.- ap- sdbDƒs°m-≈ ≥- b≥- - - ° w- B-{^n- - sI-n- m-°-v H- Hm-¨-sse≥- ]-Xn-∏q-Iƒ- t±-l- ‰n-se- B - N-c¿-Øn.- - - sk m-c≥- e-°p-b kwk-v - - ° - h¿Kp-X-I-fn-tmbn-se-2˛¬- ho kv-X - C-√n-t m-bn.- 200 n-cn-√m-sX- p- 1996˛¬ --‰ bX-v F-Xcm-Ky- a- bn.- -d F-∂ - - - Wv.- ]p-Xn-b- ]-Xn-∏n-s‚- H-∂mw- t]-Pv- Im-Wmw.- tUm- _ v - B-b n- _c n-b-d …ow- kztZ-ia- ko-I≥- - _m- -bpw- v - t‚ m - k k - n- ssh-_ssk-‰n-eq-sS- -e-v -v - - n- - sk - - m- - Ym-sk‰d 3˛¬- B ¿-am-m- m¿- ≠pw-cp-∂p.- 200 sN-b v- kv-Y X-v Ku- bmb-h-Ip-∏n- {]-kn-U cpw- A{]-Nm-cm- k-h m-a- X-s ]-t£- ™S ym-]I jy-t - H-_ ym-]n-®p.- .- sXcs cm-Py-hBZyw- ap- - - ‚- s‚- - - ‚ t- - B- - p-∏v- - a m- - - - - tI-c-f-Øn-se-ºm-Spw- C-¥y-bp-sS- {]-[m- 2007˛¬ {]-J Sp-Øn-√ w-K߃- am-°n.- ‚- -bßf- - A-Xn¬- ¢n-°-v sN-bXm¬- t{Im-ktdm-U-v ]q¿- -v -v hn- I - k n- k - z-tZ n - - Im≥- do-Un-kvIh¿- tI- an-t pw- ‚-b v-‰v- - - - - zw- ∞n-Xm-bn- F e- {]-k m-tI-{µ p-jn-s P-ßs c-ha h-fbn-s b- {i≤ m¿-Pv- _n¿-∏pw- ≈n- U- n- - - Wt H-_m-as n-U‚ v- tPn-®- F-X s- ]n-¥ zw- tSdn- - bn- {]-k a- ImW m-cn- ¢n-‚ m¿-∞n-Xbn-®p.- - X-te-Sv- H-_m- p.- lne n- kv-Ym- k-lm- n- tPm-¨ tfm- ¿-jn-® v- ]m¿-´ _m-asb-m-m¿-∞-ta-cn-°≥- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -Kcßfn-epw- Kƒ-^v- cm-Py-ßfn-epw- t{Im- - - - - i n ≥-U-lm- 1 Hm-K-kP-- - W-cq-]-Øn¬- h-cpw.- cq-]-Øn-epw- D-≈-S-°- ∏n-®- tUm- B -m-bn- 196 -bn¬ n¬- I- - a-I n-v- l-hmn-n-S-b- H-_m-a - - w.- ap-´n- {]-W n-Xm-°-b-kp-≈m- ] - c-f- tUm-´v- tIm-an-v- ]- m-e ]-T--Ø bn-® ƒ- A - ≠p- S- am-Xm- v- c-≠p-h p.- ]n-X p-t]mbn.-sb- hn-h - sa n-U‚2009 P- h-iØ - H-_ p-≠v.- quot;-Z X- - bp-s -Øn- ]n-cn-™v- Xn-cn-® tZ-in- m¿-Ø - {]-k Xv- {So-b- {]-t Øn-bn-´ Øn-bn-´ Ø- ]p-k .v - - - - a- - BI{Im‰n-I - C-Xv- H- ‚- kv-Y mw- A m-ta¬ tam- Sp-°m≥ sb- n-°≥- {]-k m¬-∏ -v H-_v.- AΩ m- ∏-ª -bv-s- m-Ip-I p-hcn- 20˛ n--v ap≥m-asb-t n- H- -° - p-∂- - tX bm-W n-U- n-®- 44˛ m-a.- kv-Y - - - - - ≈ - p- ]p-X Ø- - - - s∂- - -v cm yk kv-tdm-Un-s‚- A-®-Sn-∏-Xn-∏v- F-Øn-®n-cp-∂p.- t±-l - th¿- n-te-° y≥- kz -sc- P-°o-Sv- I≥ - ° cm-j-v N- -S pw- F- c-≠m-as p- Ahm¿-U - - - c- - m¿-U Øn-epw- am-‰an-√m-sX- F-∂m¬- Iq-Sp-X¬- an- - Iyp- s a- ‚ v - mƒ n-bb t-j -kp-h v.- ]n-∂ sc- A t∏ tUm- h-b- - s‰m-c- I-gn-®p.- v- H-_m- n-cp-Zw- t aq-ly- e-°-v Xn-c lw B-W n- _ ∂- km y-bn-t bn¬-kn¬- F-Ø p.- ]n-sUmt-j km- S-Øp-S¿-bn- C≥t ∂ - - -X - p-h- hv- sIp- C≥- ]-Øp- a- ]-Tn-® Sp-∂X{]-h¿-Ø n- ]p-k an- Atlm-∏'v- q-]Øn-m- ‚- kz-] n-°- F-∂ a- ≤-Xn-bp-≠v.- A-Xn¬- - - m-hv- hmv- k-µ¿- -l- - Sn- {Kmkn-‰n- tU -v - XI h m- - m- I-Øn-s‚-p-Ø- h¿ - a-Æ n¬- ]-d -bn¬ m¿-∞y- - - I-d y-am-Ip-∂ w-KØ -∂- n-e bmY t´w- H- Ym¿-∞ m-a- {]-k -‚ v- F ]ß m-Ip-∂ p-h≥- -v - Zc i-_ -K-°m- m-W-v A ™X - Cu- I- - F-∂ bn-cp- v--h - - - c-s ∂ -v - ta-c - v.- A - - ƒ- pw- bmm- - - t - - A-Xn-v- h≥- kzo-I-c-W-am-Wv- e-`n-®-Xv.- am- hn-s ƒ-°m- S- ]n-X - dm-∏ b- p- n-U kz- v- D-≠ w- ap-g -bp-s - bqt -Øn- v- H-_ R gn-thm-sS- t{Im-ktdm-U-v tem-Isa-ºm-Sp-ap-≈- -v - F ≥ - t I m - Unw-Kv- t{]m- -ßt]mbn.- - H-_m-a 1988˛¬-bn¬- F I-≠p-a - W ≥- {]-k m-cs‚- Øn- n- tem-I - B-Zy- a-e-bm-f- ssZz- sI- 1982˛¬ - a-cn-®p.- -n-b p-°-sf- j¬- tdmm- cn-° - h¿K ƒ- tem-I pw- C- - n¬ - Ø -bn¬ - sI _-‘ n-b- an-t v- hn-h ]-IS-Øn-n-Sn-sS- X-s‚- ≠Ø ¿- aq-∂ - F-∂o- - am-I ?- AXp-∂Xpw.- - n- c- dp-Ø p-tºm m-bn-cn-° - ° - - - - - TRAV EL AG EN TO 844 815 ys.com y- hm-b°m¿-°pw- ]-cky-Zm-Xm-°ƒ-°pw- - - - , 24 jetairwa -v i- a- A-h bn¬- I-s tSm-_ km-j ƒ-°.v - bpn.- F-¥m° - v- t - UR 347 aninfo@ _m- m-tKm - 1992 H-I- B≥,- ºXn-I zm-k - D-‰p- - YO ´n.- Nn-° sW am-en-b -v Cu- Z- kv‰v- hn-i -bn¬ CT 813 or om NTA - - - a-ebm-fn-Iƒ-°v- Im-Wm-m-Ip-sa-∂Xv- G-h¿- - - k-k-v B-W-v ]n-Un-F^.v - A- - _n≥-k n-®p.- p-´n-Ifp-≠ v- ss{I -I-em-i hm-cn-Ibm-W-v t{Im-k-v - I-g - lw- s]¨I ®v- Hm-^- k¿-h ssW - sI 1983˛¬ - ≠-v ‰Uv- N¿fw-_n-b - - m- - - m-e FOR BO OKI 13 ation N G CO ,24 ys.com 321 s@jetairwa pushpa m Lan e, n-d™- -µn.- A-`n-{]m-bßfpw- n¿-tZ-iß- - - - - 248 anreserv yk eru . 0, Ch 2 017 68/234 chi-68 com cm °pw- B-lv-fm-Zw- ]-I-cpw.- C-‚¿-s-‰v- D-]- tUm-_-v do-U¿- C≥-Ãmƒ- sN- tdm-Uv.- hm¿-Ø-Iƒ- ssroad, rs, Cro ys Printe3 Y Em alf of Cherr 888 House loor, Ko gmail. :4238, ad, Ka ssroad@ P.B.No LFC Roeditor.cro ail: om fpw- A- d n- b n- ° p- I .- C- s a- b n¬- : - on beh at 773 editor.crossroad@gmail.com 984 ghese d by him: +91 tbm-Kn-°p-∂- F-√m-h¿-°pw- C-t∏mƒ- t{Im- bvXn-´p-≈- Iw-]yq-´dp-Ifn¬- ]n- U n - F - - - - m-ep-]m-Sp- n-∂p-ap-≈h- {]- - ited nted ., Pub -68 , Pri Kochi omas : Th el Var Printe Micha ia and lil Y Mo by Ind lished rala, rikkam and 2017, Ke i Ka Matha pal bile . Y Ed loor P.O Editor kvtdm-Uv- ku-Py-am-Wv.- ]p-Xn-b- e-°ßƒ- - - - ^v- hm-bn-°mw.- ku-P-y-am-bn- Uu-¨- kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂- t{Im-kv- tdm-Uv- tak 6/2004 h, Ka cutive 6/5974 Churcse Y Exe TCM FlowerVarghe /2005- Little chael hy 3/11/1 kuz itor: Mi L-1230 ar Pot ing Ed KERM Ne Y Ma nag h-cp-tºmƒ- ]-g-b-h- B¿-°-ssh-kn-te-°p- tem-Uv- sN-øm-hp-∂- H-cp- tkm-^v-‰v-sh- C≥¿-s-‰n-eq-sS- tem-I-Øn-s‚- m-ep- am-‰pw.- A-hn-sS- n-∂p- F-Sp-Øp- ]n-∂o-Spw- b¿- B-Wv- A-tUm-_v- do-U¿.- ^pƒ- sS- ]m-´n-te-°p-am-bn.- ssa-°nƒ- h¿-Ko-kv- hm-bn-°m≥- ku-I-cy-ap-≠v.- IvÃ-v C-eIt{Sm-Wn-I-v tP¿-Wep-Iƒ- tem-Ihym- - - -v - - am-kn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂- t{Im-kv-tdm-Uv- ssZz-hm- am-t-Pnw-Kv- F-Un-‰¿- ]n-Un-F^-v (t]m¿-´_nƒ- tUm-Iyp-sa-‚ -v - - ]-I-am-bn- km-[m-c-W- hm-bn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv- ]n- cn-I-bm-°n-b- ti-j-ap-≈- B-Zy- ]-Xn-∏n-s‚- ]n- t^m¿-am-‰v-)- cq-]-Øn-em-Wv- Iw-]yq-´-dn¬- C- Un-F^n-em-W.v - t{Im-ktdm-U-v ]n-Un-F^-v Uu- Un-F-^v- ]-I¿-∏v- B-bn-c-°-W-°n-v- hm-b-- - -v - tXm-a-kv- a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]-≈n¬- ‚¿-s-‰n-eq-sS- In-´p-∂- t{Im-kv-tdm-Uv.- A- ¨-tem-Uv- sN-bv-Xv- tk-hv- sN-bv-Xm¬- k-a-bw- °m¿-°-v C-˛sa-bn-en¬- A-b®p-sIm-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p.- - - F-Ivkn-Iyq-´o-hv- F-Un-‰¿- - _p-°v- sj¬-^v- Sn.-Fw.-sI - am-[-h≥- m-b¿- D-b¿-∂v- N-{µ-tm-fw...- quot;quot;a-∂th{µm- hn-fßp-∂p- N-{µ-s-t∏m- - - Np-aXetb-‰X.v - Pn.-Fk.v F¬.-hn- tdm-°‰n-s‚- - - - - - - - am-[-h≥-m-b¿- F-∂- {]-Xn-`-bp-sS- Io- `-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂- k-Xy-߃- Pp- *- Uo-jy-dn-bn-se- B-`n-Nm-c-ß-fpw- I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv- B-`n-Nm-c- se- n≥-ap-Jw'-'- F-∂v- ]m-Sn-bm¬- quot;quot;G-bv- A- 1999˛te-bpw- 2003˛te-bpw- hn-PbIcam-b- ]- - - - - gn¬- sF.-F-kv.-B¿.-H- 22 _-ln-cm-Im-i- ]- ß-fpw- *- A-p-kv-a-c-W-bpw- hn-a¿-i--hpw- *- Sn.-kn.-D-e-l-∂m≥- *- Sn.- √,- H-cn°-epw- A-ßsØ- ap-Jap-≈- cm-Pm- - - - d-°-en-v- A-t±-lw- h-gn-sbm-cp-°n.- 1967 ap- ≤Xn-Ifm-W-v hn-PbIcam-bn- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n- - - - - - kn- _p-°v-kv- * hn-e- 250 *- {]-kn-≤o-I-c-Ww- 2008 Hm-K-Ãv.- hv- D-≠mIn-√'-'- F-∂p- X-d-∏n-®p- ]-dbpw Pn.- X¬- '-72 h-sc- ]m-tem-S-v C‚-t{K-j≥- h-Ip-∏n- b-Xv.- A-h- C≥-km-‰v-˛3,- 4 F,- 4 _n,- 4 kn- A -∏-tm-Spw- A-Ω-tbm-Spw- h-g-°n-´v- A-©p- cq-]- A-e-h≥-kv- am-[h≥-m-b¿.- kp-Jap-≈- n-em-hn-s-∏‰n- - - - s‚- X-ehm-bn-cp-∂p.- 1972˛¬- hn-{Iw- km-cm- - - B¿,- dn-tkm-gvkv- km-‰v˛1,- F-Pyp-km-‰v,- Im¿- - - - hm-ßn- am¿-Iv-kn-Ãv- ]m¿-´n- Hm-^o-kn-se- A-Øm-g-∏-´n-Wn-°m-c-m- bn- Po-hn-®v- bu-h-w- Xp-e-®p- I-f-™- k-º-∂- Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬- P-n- I-hn- hm-gØn-bXp-t]m-ep-≈- B-tf- A-√- N- v- - `m-bv- kv-t]-kv- sk-‚-dn¬- t{]m-P-Iv-Sv- am-t- t´m-km-‰v-˛1,- Im¿-t´-m-km-‰v-˛2,-- Im¿-t´-m-km-‰v- ®- h-°o-en-s‚- lr-Z-b-kv-]¿-in-bm-b- A-p-`-h-ß-fm-Wv- quot;-A-`n-`m-j-I- hy-‡n-h-n-ti-jw- {µ≥,- A-Sp-Ødn-bptºmƒ- dp-n-em-hv- s]m- - ˛2F,- lmw-km-‰˛1,- ]n.-Fk.v F¬.-hn-˛kn-5,- ]n.- -v - - hr-Øn-bn-se- B-`n-Nm-c-߃-'- F-∂- ]p-kv-X-I- ]-c-º-c-bn-se- Cu- aq- gn-°p-∂- Cu- kp-µ-c≥- B-sI- Nq-Sn-em-Ipw.- F-k.v F¬.-hn-˛kn-6,- ]n.-Fk.v F¬.-hn.-˛kn-10,- - - - ∂mw- `m-Kw.- C-sX-√mw- B-[n-Im-cn-Iam-bn- ]-dbp-∂- Pn.-am- - - ]n.-F-kv.-F¬.-hn-˛kn-˛9,-]n.-F-kv.-F¬.-hn- ]-e-cpw- ]p-d-Øp- ]-d-bm≥- a-Sn-°p-∂,- H-cp- ]-t£- `-b-s∏-Sp-Øp- [-h≥- m--b¿- F-∂ anX`m-jn-bm-b- a-ebm-fn- - A-iz-Xn- ˛kn˛-7,- ]n.-F-kv.-F¬.-hn-˛kn-˛8,- ]n.-F-kv.- ∂- k-Xy-ß-fm-Wv- ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-s‚- D-≈-S-°w.- ]p-kv-X-I-Øn¬- hn- sb- tem-Iw- A-dn-bpw.- sF.-F-kv.-B¿.-H-bp- F¬.-hn-˛kn-˛11,- Pn.-Fk.v F¬.-hn-˛F-^-v 1,- Pn.- - - h-cn-°p-∂- te-J-I-s‚- A-p-`-h-߃- q-dp- i-X-am-w- k-Xy-k-‘-am- sS- sN-b¿-am≥- F-∂- -n-e-bn¬,- C-¥y-bp- Pcm-bn.- 1974˛¬- F-kv.-F¬.-hn-˛3 t{]m-P-Iv- F-k.v F¬.-hn-˛F-^-v 4,- F-k.v B¿.-C˛1,- sF.- - - - Wv.- Pp-Uo-jy-dn-bp-sS- D-≈-d-I-fn-te-°v- te-J-I≥- hn-c¬- Nq-≠p-∂p.- sS- B-Zy-sØ- N-{µ-Zu-Xy- kw-LØn-s‚- X- - Sn-se- F-≥-Pn-n-b-dm-bn.- 1980˛¬- A-t±-lw- Fw.-Fkv˛1 F-∂n-hbvs°m-∏w- N-{µ-bm≥- 1 - - - - A-ß-s- sN-øp-∂-Xv- `w-Kn-tI-Sm-sW-∂v- H-Øn-cn- t]¿- I-cp-Xp-∂-Xn- eh≥- F-∂- n-ebn-epw.- - hn-{I-w- km-cm-`m-bv- kv-t]-kv- sk‚-dn-se- C- Dw.- n-S-bv-°m-Wv- Cu- th-dn-´- i-_v-Zw.- k-Xy-sØ- `-b-°m-sX- c-kn-°m- aq¨- Cw]-mISv- t{]m-_v- D-]tbm-Kn-®v- N- - v- - e-I{Sn-Iv- kn-k‰w- ta-[m-hn-bm-bn- {]-h¿-Øn- v- v- ap≥- cm-j{S-]Xn- F.-]n.-sP.-A_Zpƒ- I- -v - - -v Ø- k-Xy-ß-fm-Wv- ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-eq-sS- ]p-d-Øp- h-cp-∂-Xv.- t{µm-]cn-XeØn¬- {Xn-h¿-W- ]-Xm-I- ]m-dn- - - - ®p-.- 1984 ap-X¬- ]n.-F-kv.-F¬.-hn-bp-sS- A- em-an-s‚- B-ibap-kcn-®v- G-‰hpw- Ir-Xy- - - - - - P-UvPn-am-cp-tS-bpw- A-`n-`m-jIcp-tS-bpw- t]m-eo-kp-Im-cp-tS-bpw- cm- - - - ®-t∏mƒ- C-¥-y-bp-sS- b-i-kv- `q-an-tb-°mƒ- tkm-kn-tb-‰v- t{]m-P-Iv-Sv- U-b-d-Iv-S-dm-bn.- X-tbm-sS- {]-h¿-Øn-®- am-[h≥-m-bcpw- kw- - - jv-{So-b-°m-cp-tS-bpw- a-‰pw- A-gn-a-Xn,- kz-P--]-£-]m-Xw- Xp-S-ßn-b- h- D-bcØn-se-Øn-®p- Pn.-am-[h≥-m-b¿.- 1943 - - 1988˛¬- A-t±-lw- A-Xn-s‚- U-bdIvSdm-bn.- - - - - L-hpw- hn-PbØn-se-Øp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- - - - gn-hn-´- {]-hr-Øn-Iƒ- Nq-≠n-°m-´n-bp-≈- hn-a¿-i-m-fl-I-am-b- Po-h-N- H-Iv-tSm-_¿- 31˛v- Xn-cp-h--¥-]p-cw- Pn-√-bn- 1994˛¬- sF.-F¬.-hn.-]n,- hn.-Fkv.Fkv.kn- - - - - 1999˛¬- B-i-b- cq-]o-I-c-Ww- -S-∂- N- cn-{X-Øn-s‚- `m-Kw- Iq-Sn-bm-Wn-Xv.- o-Xn-]o-T-Øn-s‚- se- s-øm-‰n≥-Icbn-em-W-v am-[h≥-m-b¿- P- - - - C-hbp-sS- t{]m-{Kmw- U-bdISdm-bn.- 1995˛¬- - - - v- - {µ-bm≥-˛2004˛em-Wv- Hu-tZym-Kn-Iam-bn- Aw- - i-cn-tI-Sn-s-Xn-tc- km-[m-c-W-K-Xn-bn¬- B-cpw- {]- n-®X.v - s-øm-‰n≥-Ic- I-√p-hn- - - Ko-Icn-®X.v - aq-∂p-h¿-j°m-ew- - - - Xn-Icn-°m-dn-√.- F-∂m¬- km-aq-ln-I,- cm-jv{So-b,- A- - - f-m-I-Øp-ho-´n¬- tKm-]m-e≥- A-Xn-s‚- cq-]-I¬-]-,- ]-≤- `n-`m-j-I- cw-K-ß-fn¬- Zo¿-L-Im-e-sØ- {]-h¿-Ø- m-bcp-sS-bpw- k-tcm-Pn-n- A- - Xn,- -S-Øn-∏v,- D-]-{K-l- hn-I- -]-cn-N-b-ap-≈- H-cp- b-Ym¿-Y- ]u-c-s‚- A¿-Y-h¿- Ω-bp-sS-bpw- Cu- a-I≥- h-f¿- k-w Xp-Sßbhsb-∏‰n- N¿- - - - - - Øm-b- tcm-jam-W-v hm-°p-Ifn¬- sX-fn-bp-∂X.v - tIm- - - - ∂-X-v I-y-mIp-am-cn- Pn-√bn-se- - - ®-Iƒ- -S∂p.- B-dm-bn-ctØm- - - - S-Xn-I-fp-sS- F-√m- a-l-Xz-ß-tf-bpw- t-´-ß-tf-bpw- Xn- c p- ¥n- ° - c - b n- e m- W v . - fw- im-k{X- {]-Xn-`Ifp-sS- {]- -v - - «m-Ln-®p-sIm-≠p- X-s∂-bm-Wv- A-Xpw.- H-cp- b-Ym¿- 1966˛¬- F-≥Pn-n-bdnw-Kv- _n- - - h¿-ØsØ- G-tIm-]n-∏n-®- - - Y- n-tj-[n-bp-sS- o-Xn-t_m-[w- A-Xn¬- Im-Wm- cp-Zw- t-Sp-∂Xp-hsc- Xn-cp-h- - - - Xv- Cu- a-ebm-fn- {]-Xn-`bm-W.v - - - m-Ipw.- s]m-≈p-∂- a--kn-s‚- B-fl-tcm-Z--ß-fm-W-Xv.- k-aq-l-Øn- ¥-]p-cØm-bn-cp-∂p- ]-Tw.- - - A-Xyp-∂Xam-b- km-t¶-Xn- - - - s‚- Xn-∑-Iƒ- Xp-S-®p-am-‰p-hm≥- th-≠n- ]-Sn-™m-d≥- Im-‰n-tm-Sv- B- Xncp-h¥]p-cw- F-≥Pn- - - - - - I-hn-Zy-bpw N-{µ-s-∏‰n-bp-≈- - ™-Sn-°m≥- bm-Nn-°p-∂- sj-√n-bp-sS- Im-hy-]p-kv-X-I-Øn-p- k-am- n-b-dnw-Kv- tIm-f-Pn¬-n-∂pw- k-a-{K-am-b- A-dn-hpw- Cu- ]- -am-b- {]-£p-_v-[-am-b- hm-°p-I-fpw- h-cn-I-fp-am-Wv- te-J-I-t‚-Xv.- _n-F-kv-kn- F-≥-Pn-n-b-dnw- ≤-Xn- hn-PbØn-s‚- A-hiy- - - - ]p-kv-X-I-Øn¬- n-∂v-:- H-cmƒ- B-{I-an-°p-tºmƒ- B-{I-an-bp-sS- Kn¬- _n-cp-Zw- t-Sn-bXn-p-ti- - L-SIam-bn-cp-∂p.- c-≠p h¿-j- - - - Im¬-°¬- ho-Wp- I-c-bp-∂- quot;-In-√-∏-´n-'- bp-sS- X-{¥-am-Wv- H-cp- Zp¿-_- jw-,- tI-c-f- bq-Wn-th-gv-kn-‰n- tØ-bv-°p-th-≠n- hn-t£-]n- e-s- kw-_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw- B-fl-c-£-bv-°v- G-‰-hpw- ^-e-{]-Z-am- bn¬-n-∂pw- C-e-Iv-{Sn-°¬- ®- N-{µ-bm≥- H-∂n-s‚- {]-h¿- b- B-bp-[w.- Zp¿-_-e-pw- hr-≤-p-am-b- Rm≥- B-bp-[w- sIm-≠p- - S-∂m¬- A-Xp- ]n-Sn-®p-hm-ßn- i-{Xp- B-{I-an-°p-tam- F-∂m-sW-s‚- `- B≥-U-v I-ayq-Wn-t°-j≥- F- Ø-ßsf- C-n-bpw- I¨-Nn- - - bw.- A-Xp-sIm-≠v- Rm≥- H-cp- B-bp-[-hpw- sIm-≠p--S-°m-dn-√.- B- ≥- P - n - n- b - d nw- K n¬- kv - s ]- Ωm-sX- tm-°n-bn-cn-°p-I- X- bp-[-ap-≠m-bm¬- t]m-c.- A-Xv- {]-tbm-Kn-°m≥- ]-Tn-°-Ww.- B-bp-[- jsse-tk-j≥- -S-Øn.- ]n- s∂ th-Ww.- d-jy-bp-tS-Xn-t- i-‡n-°v- A-p-k-cn-®- Im-b-_-ew- Iq-Sn-bp-≠-¶n-te- A-Xv- b-Ym-k-a- ∂o-S-v t_mw-s_-bn-se- `m-`- A- °m-fpw,- A-ta-cn-°bp-tS-Xn-t- - bw- {]-tbm-Kn-°m≥- I-gn-bq.- t‰m-an-Iv- dn-tk¿-®v- sk‚-dn¬- °m-fpw- an-I®X-v F-∂m-W-v C- - - Rm≥- C-Xv- ]-d-bp-∂-Xv,- k-Jm-hv- ]n-W-dm-bn- hn-P-b-s‚- _m-Kn¬- ]-cn-io-eØn-m-bn- tN¿-∂p.- 1967˛¬- Xp-º- - - en-Iyp-U-v s{]m-∏¬-j≥- kn-k‰w- sk‚-dn-s‚- -v ¥-ybp-sS- N-{µ-bm≥- ]-≤Xn- hn-ebn-cp-Øs∏- - - - - n-∂v- c-≠p- aq-∂p- sh-Sn-bp-≠Iƒ- sN-s∂-bn-se- hn-am-Øm-hfØn¬- - - - - tdm-°‰v- tem-©n-ßv- kvt‰-jn¬- tN¿-∂p.- - - - U-b-d-Iv-S-dm-bn.- A-Xn-p-ti-jam-Wv- hn-{I-w- ´-X.v - C-Øcsam-cp- ]-≤Xn- hn-PbIcam-bn- {]- - - - - - - - kp-c-£m-hn-`m-Kw- D-tZym-K-ÿ¿- I-s≠-Sp-Øp-sh-∂- hm¿-Ø- tI-c-f- C-¥y-bp-sS- B-Zy-sØ- km-‰sse-‰v- hm-l- - - km-cm-`m-b-v kvt]-k-v sk‚-dn-s‚- X-ehm-bn- - - - h¿-Øn-∏n-°p-∂Xn¬- C-¥y- a-s‰m-cp- cm-Py- - Øn¬- H-cp- hn-hm-Z- hn-j-b-am-b-t∏m-gm-Wv.- tXm-°n-√m-sX- D-≠- am- am-b- F-kv.-F¬.-hn-˛3bp-sS- n¿-Ωm-W-Øn- 1999˛¬- n-b-an-X-m-b-Xv.- 2003˛¬- tUm.- I- Øn-s‚-bpw- k-lm-bw- tX-Sn-bn-´n-√.- C-Ø-c- {Xw- D-]-tbm-Kn-®v- H-cmƒ-°v- kz-¥w- kp-c-£- D-d-∏m-°m-m-In-√.- A- epw- A-t±-lw- ap-Jy-am-b- ]-¶p-hln-®p.- - kvXqcn- cw-K≥- ÿm-sam-gn-™t∏mƒ- sF.- - - - sam-cp- km-t¶-Xn-Ihn-Zy- Ip-d™- k-ab]cn- - - - - - Xp-t]m-se- D-≠-am-{Xw- D-]-tbm-Kn-®v- i-{Xp-hn-s- t-cn-Sm-p-am-In-√.- C-¥ybp-sS- B-Zy-sØ- ]n.-Fk.v F¬.-hn- - - F-k.v B¿.-Hbp-sS- sNb¿-am≥- ÿm-tØ-b-v - - [n-°p-≈n¬- Ip-d™- sN-ehn¬- C-¥y- -S- - - sse-k≥-kn-√m-Ø- H-cp- tXm-°n-se- D-≠-b-√- F-∂-Xn-m¬- D-≠- km-‰sse-‰n-s‚- {]-h¿-ØØn-epw- H-cp- t{]m- - - - °v- ]-cn-KWn-°s∏-Sm≥- G-‰hpw- tbm-Ky-m- - - ∏n-em-°n-bt∏mƒ- 110 tIm-Sn- C-¥y-°m-cq-sS- - s°-Xn-tc-tbm- tXm-°n-s-Xn-tc-tbm- D-≠-bp-sS- D-S-a-ÿ-m-b- hn-P- P-IvSv- U-bdIvS¿- F-∂- n-ebn-se- A-t±-l- - - - - - - b-Xpw- Pn.-am-[h≥-m-b¿- X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- - - bpw- A-`n-am-w- te-mIØn-p-ap-∂n¬- F-hdkv- - - - b-s-Xn-tc-tbm- tI-sk-Sp-°m-pw- n-b-a--S-]-Sn-Iƒ- kzo-I-cn-°m-pw- Øn-s‚- {]-h¿-Øw- hn-PbIcam-bn-cp-∂p.- - - - - - Fw.-Pn.-sI.-ta-tm≥,- tUm.- I-kXq-cn- cw-K≥ -v ‰pw- I-S∂-v N-{µ-tm-fw- D-b¿-∂p.- Im-cWw- Cu- - - I-gn-bn-√.- F-∂n-´pw- ]n-W-dm-bn- hn-P-b-s‚- D-≠-Iƒ-°v- ]-{X-`o-a≥-am¿- 1999˛em-Wv- am-[-h≥-m-b¿- hn-{Iw- km- F-∂n-h¿-°p-ti-jw- Cu- ÿm-Øv- F-Øn- - ]-≤Xn-Ifp-sS- X-e∏sØ- X-e- H-cp- a-ebm-fn- - - - - A-an-X- {]m-[m-yw- sIm-Sp-Ø-sX-¥n-m-sW-∂p- tNm-Zn-°p-∂n-√.- cm-`m-b-v kvt]-k-v sk‚-dn-s‚- U-bdISdm-bn- - - - -v - b- a-ebm-fn-bm-Wv- am-[h≥-m-b¿.- - - bp-tS-Xm-Wt√m.- - F-gp-Øp-Im-c-s‚- sam-ss_¬-:- 9447630201 cmyk
  • 10. 10 ¿-Ωw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 ]p-©n-cn-®n-{Xw- km-bn-∏n-s‚- Im-cyw- X-am-ipw- Iu-Xp-I-hpw- n-d-™- F-{X- sb-{X- t^m-t´m-I-fm-Wv- C-˛-sa-bn-ep-I-fn- eq-sS- Np-‰n-Øn-cn-bp-∂-Xv.- hm-b--°m¿- °v- A-ß-s-bp-≈-h- t{Im-kv-tdm-Un-te- °v- A-b-°mw.- sX-c-s™-Sp-Ø-h- {]-kn- ≤o-I-cn-°pw.- A-b-t°-≠- C-˛-sa-bn¬-:- photo.crossroad@gmail.com sXm-∏n-°p-≈n¬- kv-t^m-S-w-!- Cu- km-bn-∏n-s‚- H-cp- Im-cy-ta..- m-´p-Im¿- h-√-Xpw- B-bn-cp-∂p- C-Xp- sN-bv-Xn-cp-t∂¬- C-t∏m- F-s¥m-s°- ]-d-™p- ]-c-Øn-sb-s..- thmƒ-thm- Hm-jy≥- td-kn¬- sIm-®n-bn-se-Øn-b- m-hn-I-cn¬- H-cmƒ- F-d-Wm-Ip-fw- Pn-√m- I-f-Iv-S-sd- Npw-_n-°p-∂p.- (A-b-®p- X-∂-Xv-:- _m-_p- )- I-º-n- I-≠m¬...- ap-≠p-Sp-Øp- lm¿-en- tU-hn-Uv- k-¨- ss_-°v- Hm-Sn-°p-∂- `q- tem-IØn-se- G-I- hy-‡n!- I- - º-n- C-Xp- I-≠m¬- D-Xv-]m-Z- w- n¿-Øn-tb-°pw...- Zp-_m- bv- I-cm-abn¬- n-∂p-≈- Zr-iyw.- - (A-b®p- X-∂Xv:- - tPm¿-Pv)- - - - ^v-fm-jv- yq-kv...- I-Æq-cn¬- t]m-eo-kp-Im-c-s‚- sXm-∏n-°p- ≈n¬- quot;-kv-t^m-S-w-'-!- (A-b-®p- X-∂-Xv-:- tPm-jn-)- Km-‘n-Pn-bp-sS- a-I≥- Zn-t-i≥- h-gn-tbm-cw- tdm-bn- ]n.- ]-t{Xm-kv- So-®¿-:- B-cm-Wv- Km-‘n-Pn-bp-sS- a-I≥-?- ∂m- tXm-∂p-∂Xv..-- hn-Zym¿-Yn-:- Zn-t-i≥- `¿-Øm-hv:- - C-t∏mƒ- B-sc-bm-Wv- hn-fn-t°-≠Xv?- - - So-®¿-:- Cu- A-kw-_-‘w- B-cp- ]-Tn-∏n-®p..- t]m-eo-kn-t-tbm- A-tXm- Bw-_p-e≥-tkm..- Ip-´n-:- F-ß-s-bm- A-Ω-bp-sS- Ip-d-®p- ap-Sn- - hn-Zym¿-Yn-:- F¬.-sI.-Pn- ap-X¬- ]-Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xm- W-t√m- quot;-quot;-Km-‘n-Pn- Cu-kv- Zn- ^m-Z¿- Hm-^v- Zn- quot;- t-i≥-'- F-∂v..- c-®-Xv..- bp-h-Xn-:- F-n-°p- n-s∂- I-eym-Ww- I-gn-°m- A-Ω- :- F-n-°v- C-jv-S-an-√m-Ø-Xv- tam≥- sN-øp- tºmƒ- Hm-tcm- ap-Sn- -c-bv-°pw..- m-In-√.- F-n-°v- n-t∂-°mƒ- H-cp- h-b-kv- Iq- Ip-´n-:- A-t∏mƒ- A-Ωq-Ω-bp-sS- ap-Sn- ap-gp-h≥- ]- Sp-X-ep-≠v.- ™n- t]m-se- sh-fp-Ø-sX-ß-s-bm-Wv..- tNm-Zyw-:- sse-^v- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- F-¥m-sW-∂p- ^-en-XØp-≈n-Iƒ n¿-h-Nn-°p-I.- D-Ø-cw-:- n-ß-fp-sS- Po-hn-X-Im-ew- ap-gp-h≥- Z-cn- {Z-m-bn- I-gn-™m¬- a-cn-°p-tºmƒ- k-º-∂-m- Im-sa-∂- I-cm¿.- I-c-tk--bn¬- tN¿-∂- Bƒ-°v- Hm-^o-k¿- H- cp- tXm-°p- -ev-In.- A-bmƒ-:- C-Xn-s‚- Ip-g¬- F-tßm-´m-Wp- Xn-cn- ®p- ]n-Sn-t°-≠-Xv.- F-n-°p- t-c-tbm- A-tXm- F-Xn¿- h-itØ-t°m-?- - Hm-^o-k¿-:- F-ß-s-sb-¶n-epw- ]n-Sn-°v.- c-≠p- co-Xn-bn-em-bm-epw- cm-Py-Øn-p- Kp-WIcam-bn-cn- - - - - °pw.- bp-hm-hv-:- F-n-°v- hn-hm-l-tam-N-w- th-Ww.- bp-hm-hv-:- hn-j-an-t°-≠..- F-n-°v- n-s∂- H-Øn- cn- C-jv-S-am-Wv.- A-Xp-sIm-≠v- H-cp- h¿-jw- Im- Øn-cn-°mw.- I-gn-™- B-dp- am-k-am-bn- `m-cy- F-t∂m-Sp- an- `m-cy-:- tZ,- tm-°n-t°..- A-Sp-°-f-bn¬- I-≈≥- ≠n-bn-´n-√.- A-`n-`m-j-I≥-:- H-∂p- Iq-sS- B-tem-Nn-°v.- C-ß- I-b-dn- Rm-p-≠m-°n-b- tI-°v- Xn-∂p-I-bm-sW- s-bp-≈- `m-cy-am-sc- In-´m≥- _p-≤n-ap-´m-Wv.-
  • 11. I-º-n- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 11 ]-Øp- ÿm-]--߃-°v- H-cm-gv-N-bv-°p-≈n¬- hn-]-Wn- aq-ey-Øn¬- 19,-000 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- -jv-Sw- B-tKm-f- km-º-Øn-I- am-µy-sØ- Xp-S¿- Wn- aq-ey-am-bn-cp-∂- 9,-64,-677 tIm-Sn- cq-]- I-gn- bn-cp-∂-Xv- I-gn-™- sh-≈n-bm-gv-N-bn-se- hym- ¶m-b- sF-kn-sF-kn-sF- _m-¶v- 785 tIm-Sn- cq- ∂v- cm-Py-sØ- ap≥-n-c-bn-ep-≈- ]-Øp- ÿm- ™- sh-≈n-bm-gNbn-se- hym-]m-c߃-s°m-Sp- v- - - ]m-c-߃-s°m-Sp-hn¬- hn-]-Wn- aq-eyw- 1,-76,-044 ]-bp-sS- A-[n-I- aq-ey-am-Wv- I-gn-™- B-gv-N- ]-߃-°v- H-cm-gvNbv°p-≈n¬- hn-]Wn- aq-ey- - - - - - hn¬- 9,-45,-753 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-bm-Wv- Ip-d-™-Xv.- tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bm-Wv- Ip-d™Xv.- - - - bn¬- t-Sn-bXv.- - Øn¬- 19,-000 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- -jv-Sw.- F-kv-_n-sF-bpw- F≥-Sn-]n-kn-bpw- tN¿-∂v- I-gn-™- B-gv-N-bn¬- Hm-l-cn- hn-]-Wn-I-fn- F-®Un-F^kn- _m-¶n-v- -jSw- 1,-341 tIm- v- - v- v- F-∂m¬- tÃ-‰v- _m-¶v- Hm-^v- C-¥y- (F-kv- hn-]-Wn- aq-ey-Øn¬- 4,-456 tIm-Sn- cq-]- Iq-´n- se- Nm-©m-´ßƒ-s°m-Sp-hn¬- sk≥-sk-Ivkv- - - Sn- cq-]-bm-Wv.- 39,-905 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- aq-ey- _n-sF-),- m-j-W¬- an--d¬- U-h-e-]v-sa-‚ v- t®¿-Øp.- hn-]-Wn-bn¬- F≥-Fw-Un-kn- 2,-121 kq-Nn-I- 128 t]m-bn-‚ v- -jv-S- tØm-sS-bm-Wv- tØm-sS- sF-kn-sF-kn- _m-¶v- 17˛mw- ÿm-- tIm¿-]-td-j≥- (F≥-Fw-Un-kn-),- m-j-W¬- tIm-Sn- cq-]- aq-ey-ap-≠m-°n- Sm-‰m- I-¨k¬-´≥- - hym-]m-cw- A-h-km-n-∏n-®-Xv.- C-Xv- cm-Py-sØ- Øpw- sXm-´p- ]n-∂m-se- 37,-788 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp- sX¿-a¬- ]-h¿- tIm¿-]-td-j≥- (F≥-Sn-]n-kn-)- kn- k¿-ho-kn-s- (Sn-kn-Fkv)- ]n≥-X≈n- ap≥- - - - ap≥-n-c-bn-ep-≈- ]-Øp- ÿm-]--ß-fp-sS- ]- sS- aq-ey-tØm-sS- F-®v-Un-F-^v-kn- _m-¶p-am- F-∂o- ÿm-]--߃-°v- hn-]-Wn- aq-ey-Øn¬- n-cbn-se- ]-Øp- ÿm-]ßfp-sS- ]-´n-Ibn¬- - - - - - ´n-I-bn-se- A-h-km--sØ- B-dv- I-º-n-I-fp- Wv.- t-´w- ssI-h-cn- °m-m-bn.- H≥-]Xmw- ÿm-sØ-Øn.- - - sS-bpw- ÿm-ßfn¬- am-‰ap-WvSm-°n.- - - - - G-‰-hpw- aq-ey-ap-≈- ]-Øp- ÿm-]--ß-fp- H-cm-gvNbv°p-≈n¬- Sn-kn-Fkn-v- -jvSw- 3,- - - - - - hn-]-Wn- aq-ey-Øn¬- 3,-095 tIm-Sn- cq-]-Iq-Sn- sS- ]-´n-I-bn¬- B¿-sF-F-√n-v- ]n-∂m-se- H- hn-]Wn- aq-ey-Øn¬- -jvSap-WvSm-b- cm-Py- - - - - 557 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-Wv.- Sn-kn-F-kn-s‚- hn-]-Wn- tN¿-Ø-v F-k_n-sF- ]-´n-Ibn¬- A-©mw- ÿm- -v - F≥-Pn-kn- (1,-40,-063 tIm-Sn- cq-]-),- F≥-Sn-]n-kn- sØ- ]-Øp- ap≥- n-c- ÿm-]--ß-fp-sS- ]-´n- aq-eyw- 51,-054 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-bm-Wv- Ip-d-™-Xv.- -Øv- F-Øn.- (1,-32,-958 tIm-Sn- cq-]-),- `m-c-Xn- F-b¿-sS¬- (1,-26,- I-bn¬- kz-Im-cy- ta-J-e-bn¬- n-∂p- A-©pw- cm-Py-sØ- G-‰-hpw- aq-ey-ap-≈- I-º-n-bm- aq-ey-Øn¬- 1,-092 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- -jv-S- 287 tIm-Sn- cq-]-),- F-kv-_n-sF- (72,-096 tIm-Sn- s]m-Xp- ta-J-e-bn-se- A-©pw- ÿm-]--߃- b- dn-eb≥-kv- C≥-Uk{So-kn-v- (B¿-sF-F¬- - - v- ap-WvSm-sb- ¶n-epw- `m-cXv- sl-hn- C-eIv{Sn-°¬- - - - - cq-]-),- s`¬- (65,-546 tIm-Sn- cq-]-),- C≥-t^m-kn- °p-am-bn- I-gn-™- H-cm-gv-N-bn¬- -jv-S-am-b-Xv- )- hn-]-Wn- aq-ey-Øn¬- H-cm-gv-N-bv-°p-≈n¬- 2,- kv- B-dmw- ÿm-Øpw- 6,-000 tIm-Sn- cq-]bp-sS- - - kv- (65,-018 tIm-Sn- cq-]-),- sF-Sn-kn- (63,-839 tIm- 18,-923 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-Wv.- 045 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- Ip-d-hm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv.- -jv-S-tØm-sS- C≥-t^m-kn-kv- G-gmw- ÿm-- Sn- cq-]-),- F≥-Fw-Un-kn- (52,-016 tIm-Sn- cq-]-),- sXm-´p- ap≥-]p-≈- B-gv-N-bn¬- {]-ap-J- ]- sXm-´p- ap≥-]p-≈- B-gv-N-bn¬- B¿-sF-F- Øp-am-Wv.- F-®v-bp-F¬- (51,-881 tIm-Sn- cq-]-)- F-∂n-h-cm- Øp- C-¥y≥- ÿm-]--ß-fp-sS- sam-Øw- hn-]- √n-s‚- hn-]-Wn- aq-eyw- 1,-78,-090 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm- kz-Im-cy-ta-Jebn-se- G-‰hpw- h-en-b- _m- - - - Wv.- F-h-d-Ãn¬- Sm-‰m- Ão-en-v- D-Xv-]m-Z--Øn¬- 27 i-X-am-w- h¿-[-- _n-Kv- Sn-hn- Sm-‰m- Ão-en-v- D-Xv-]m-Z--Øn¬- - fpw- Ão¬- sa¬-´nw-Kv- ÿm-]ßfpw- F- - - - S¿-∂v- hn-]-Wn-bn¬- D-cp-°v- D-Xv-]-∂-ß- k-ap-{Z- n-c-∏n¬- n-∂v- 15,-317 A-Sn- D-b-c-Øn¬- hw-_-dn¬- 27 i-X-am-w- h¿-[--bp-≠m- °m-esØ-°m-fpw- an-I®- D-X]m-Zam-Wv- - - v- - - fp-sS- B-h-iyw- Ip-d-™-Xn-m¬- ap≥-n- ÿn-Xn- sN-øp-∂- F-h-d-Ãv- sIm-Sp-ap-Sn-bp-sS- s_-bv-kv- bn.- hn-]-W-bn¬- B-h-iyw- Ip-d-™-Xn- -hw-_-dn¬- -S-Øn-b-Xv.- D-Xv-]m-Z-- c- D-cp-°v- n¿-am-Xm-°ƒ- h≥-In-S- hn-]p- Iym-ºn¬- dn-e-b≥-kv- _n-Kv- Sn-hn- Un-Sn-F-®n-s‚- tk-h- s‚- ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬- {]-ap-J- D-cp-°v- D- £-a-X- h¿-[n-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-m-bn- tlm-´v- eo-I-c-W- ]-≤-Xn-I-fn¬- n-∂pw- ]n≥-am- w- e-`y-am-°n.- s-lv-dp- C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´v- Hm-^v- au-≠-o- Xv]m-ZI¿- D-Xv]m-Zw- Ip-d®- km-lNcy- - - - - - - - kv-{Sn-]v- an¬- A-S-®n-´-Xn-m¬- hn¬- dp-Ibp-WvSm-bn.- - - dnw-Kn-se-bpw- _n-Kv- Sn- Øn-em-W-v Sm-‰m- Ão-en--v D-X]m-ZØn¬- -v - - °m≥- A¿-l-am-b- D-cp-°n-s‚- D-Xv-]m-Z- I-ºn-°v- h≥- t-´ap-WvSm-°n-Øcp- - - - - hn-bn-se-bpw- km-t¶-Xn- h¿-[-- t-Sm-m-b-Xv.- w- 3.-6 i-X-am-w- Ip-d-™v- 4.-07 e-£w- S- ∂- Pw-jUv]q-cn-se-bpw- H-do-kbn-se-bpw- - - - I- hn-ZKv[cpw- A-Sßn- - - - - I-º-n-bp-sS- tlm-´v- sa-‰¬- D-Xv-]m-Z- Æm-bX.v -- ]-≤-Xn-Iƒ-°v- ap-¥n-b- ]-cn-K-W-- ¬- b- 24 t]-cp-sS- kw-L- w- 5.-78 e-£w- S-Æm-bn- D-b¿-∂p.- I-gn- B-tKm-f- km-º-Øn-I-am-µy-sØ- Xp- Ip-sa-∂v- Sm-‰m- Ão-en-s‚- am-t-Pnw-Kv- U- am-Wv- Cu- N-cn-{X- t- ™- h¿-jw- C-tX- Im-e-b-f-hn-s- A- S¿-∂v- hn-]Wn-bn¬- D-cp-°n-s‚- B-hiyw- - - b-d-Iv-S¿- _n.- ap-Øp-cm-a≥- A-dn-bn-®p.- ´w- ssI-hcn-®Xv.- D-Ø- - - t]-£n-®v- 26.-8 i-X-am--Øn-s‚- D-Xv-]m-Z- K-Wy-am-bn- Ip-d-™p.- C-Xn-s-Øp-S¿-∂v- D-cp-°v- D-X]∂ßfp-sS- B-hiyw- Ip- v- - - - - c-Im-in-bn¬- n-∂v- ]p-ds∏-´- kw-Lw- A-Xn-ssi-Xy-sØ- - - h-f¿-®-bm-Wv- 2008 -hw-_-dn¬- ssI- {]-ap-Jv- D-cp-°v- D-Xv-]m-Z-I-cm-b- C-kv-]m-‰v,- d-™-Xn-s- Xp-S¿-∂v- sk-bn-en-s‚- Zo¿- bpw- a-™p-ho-gvNtb-bpw- A-Xn-Po-hn-®m-Wv- m-emw- Zn-h- - - h-cn-®-sX-∂v- Sm-‰m- Ão¬- I-º-n- A-[n- F-km¿,- sP-F-kv-U-ªyp- F-∂n-h¿- D-cp- L-Im-e- hn-I-k--{]-h¿-Ø--߃- hn-]- kw- s_-bv-kv- Iym-ºn¬- F-Øn-b-Xv.- {]-Xn-Iq-e- km-l- Ir-X¿- A-dn-bn-®p.- -hw-_-dn¬- A-kw- °v- D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fp-sS- D-Xv-]m-Z-w- 30 i-X- Wn-bn-se- B-h-iy-Øn-v- A-p-]m-X- N-cy-ßsf- A-Xn-Po-hn-®-v Cu- t-´w- I-cÿam-°n-bXn¬- - - - - kv-Ir-X- D-cp-°v- D-Xv-]m-Z-w- 5.-14 e-£w- S- am-w- h-sc- Ip-d-bv-°p-I-bp-Wv-Sm-bn.- am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v- sk-bn¬- A-[n-Ir-X¿- A-`n-am-w- sIm-≈p-∂-Xm-bn- dn-e-b≥-kv- I-Ωyq-Wn-t°- Æm-bm-Wv- D-b¿-∂Xv.- I-gn-™- h¿-jw- C- - cm-Py-sØ- G-‰hpw- h-en-b- D-cp-°-v n¿- - A-dn-bn-®p.- sP-F-kv-U-ªyp- Ão¬- I¿- j≥-kv- {]-kn-U-‚ v- a-tl-jv- {]-km-Zv- ]-d-™p.- C-tXm- tX- Im-e-b-f-hn-se- D-Xv-]m-Z-w- 4.-18 e- am-Xm-°fm-b- sk-bn¬- (Ão¬- A-tYm-dn- - Wm-S-I-bn-se- hn-P-b--K-dn-ep-≈- 30 e- s S - £w- S-Æm-bn-cp-∂p.- D-Xv-]m-Z--Øn¬- 23 ´n- Hm-^v- C-¥y-)- hn-]Wn-bn-se- B-hiyw- - - £w- S-¨- A-[n-I- ti-jn-bp-≈- ]-≤-Xn- F-h-d-Ãv- s_-bv-kv- Iym-ºn¬- tk-h-w- e-`y-am-°p-∂- i-X-am--Øn-s‚- h¿-[-.- A-p-k-cn-®v- am-{X-am-Wv- D-Xv-]m-Z-w- -S- bn¬- n-∂v- ]n≥-am-dn-b- A-h-ÿ-bm-Wn- B-Zy-sØ- Un-Sn-F-®v- tk-h-- Zm-Xm-hm-bn- _n-Kv- Sn-hn- Sm-‰m- Ão-en-s‚- ªm-Ãv- ^¿-W-kp-I- Øp-∂-Øv.- km-º-Øn-I- am-µy-sØ- Xp- t∏mƒ.- am-dn.- k-m-º-Øn-Iw- tX-bn-e- D-cp-°n-s‚- I-b-‰p-a-Xn- km-º-Øn-I- D-∂-a--Øn-v- hn-e- Ip-d-hv- h≥ k¿°m¿- ]-≤-Xn- C¥y-bn¬- n-∂p-≈- tX-bn-e- I- - b-‰p-aXn-bn¬- 2008 H-IvtSm-_dn¬- A- - - - km-ºØn-I- ta-Jebv°v- D- - - - - am-bn- Ip-d®p.- m-e-v i-Xam-Øn¬- - - - Ip-d-hp-≠m-Ip-sa-∂m-Wv- hn-Z-Kv-[¿- Ip-d-bpw - ©p- i-X-am-w- Ip-d-hp-≠m-bn.- tØ-Pw- ¬-Ip-∂Xn-p-≈- 3,-00,- - - Xm-sg- sk≥-{S¬- hm-‰p-≈- D-Xv-]- Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂Xv.- - D -cp-°n-s‚- F-Iv-ssk-kv- n-Ip-Xn- B-tKm-f- km-ºØn-I- am-µy-sØ- - sh-´n-°p-d-®-tXm-sS- D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fp-sS- hn- Xp-S¿-∂-v bq-tdm-]y≥- cm-Py-ßfn¬- n- - 000 tIm-Sn-bp-sS- km-ºØn-I- D-∂- - ∂-ßtf-bpw- s]-t{Sm-fn-bw- D-X]∂- - -v - sN-dp-In-S,- ssa-t{Im- kw-cw-`- e- S-Æn-v- 1,-100˛-1,-800 cq-]- h-sc- Ip-d-bpw.- ∂pw- tX-bn-ebp-sS- B-hiyw- Ip-d™- - - - a-- ]-≤Xn- tI-{µ-k¿-°m¿- {]-Jym- - ß-tf-bpw- C-Xn¬-n-∂v- H-gn-hm-°n- ߃-°p- s{I-Un-‰v- Km-c-‚ n- kv-Iow- F-Iv-ssk-kv- n-Ip-Xn- sh-´n- Ip-d-®-Xn-eq- Xm-Wv- I-b-‰p-a-Xn- Ip-d-bm≥- Im-c-W- ]n-®p.- B-tKm-f- km-º-Øn-I- {]- bn-´p-≠v.- C-Xp- -S∏p- h¿-jØn¬- - - {]-Im-cw- hm-bv]sb-Sp-°m-hp-∂Xn- - - - sS- D-cp-°v- n¿-am-Xm-°ƒ-°v- e-`n-°p-∂- am-b-sX-∂v- So- t_m¿-Uv- A-[n-Ir-X¿- Xn-k‘n-sb- sN-dp-°p-∂Xn-m-bn- - - X-s∂- {]m-_-ey-Øn¬- h-cpw.- s‚- ]-cn-[n- H-cp- tIm-Sn-bm-°n-bn-´p- km-º-Øn-I- em-`w- D-]-tbm-‡m-°-fn¬- A-dn-bn-®p.- X-bm-dm-°n-b- ]-≤-Xn-bn¬- 20,-000 sN-dp-In-S- I-b-‰p-a-Xn-°m¿-°p- ≠v.- C-Xn-m-bn- 7,-000 tIm-Sn-bp-sS- F-Øn-°m≥- I-º-n-Iƒ- X-bm-dm-b-Xm- H-ItSm-_dn¬- cm-Py-Ø-v n-∂p-≈- -v - tIm-Sn- cq-]- Cu- h¿-jw- sN-e-h-gn- ]-en-i-bn--Øn¬- c-≠v- i-X-am-w- hm-bv-]m- k-lm-bw- dn-k¿-hv- _m- Wv- D-cp-°n-s‚- hn-e- Ip-d-bv-°p-∂-Xv.- sam-Øw- tX-bn-e- I-b‰p-aXn- 1.-65 tIm- - - °p-∂-Xn-m-bn- h-I-bn-cp-Øn-bn-´p- C-f-hv- A-p-h-Zn-°pw.- I-b-‰p-a-Xn- ¶v- {]-Jym-]n-®p.- kz-Im-cy- ]-¶m-fn- tI-{µ-k¿-°m¿- kzo-I-cn-®- -S-]-Sn-I- Sn- In-tem-{Km-am-Wv.- I-gn-™- h¿-jw- ≠v.- °m-bn- 350 tIm-Sn- cq-]- o-°n-sh- Ø-tØm-sS- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂- C- fp-sS- `m-K-am-bn- D-cp-°n-s‚-bpw- D-cp-°v- D- C-tX- Im-e-b-f-hn¬- 1.-74 tIm-Sn- In- B-tKm-f- km-º-Øn-I- am-µy- ®n-´p-≠v.- sS-Iv-k-‰-bn¬- ta-J-e-bv- ¥y- C≥-{^m-k{S-I®¿- ss^-m≥- -v - Xv-]-∂-ß-fp-sS-bpw- F-Iv-ssk-kv- n-Ip- tem-{Kmw- I-b‰p-aXn- sN-bXn-cp-∂sX- - - v- - Øn-s‚- n-gen-em-b- cm-Py-sØ- k- - °v- n-e-hn-ep-≈-Xn-v- ]p-d-ta- 1,- kv- I-º-n- en-an-‰-Uv- (sF.-sF.-F- Xn- m-ep- i-X-am--am-Wv- sh-´n-°p-d-®-Xv.- º-Zv- hy-h-ÿ-sb- D-tØ-Pn-∏n-°p- 400 tIm-Sn- Iq-sS- A-p-h-Zn-°pw.- ^v.-kn.-F¬-)- k¿-°m¿- G-s‰-Sp- C-Xv- aq-eym-[n-jvTn-X- D-Xv]∂ßfp-sS- hn- - - - - - ∂v- tX-bn-e- hn-I-k-- t_m¿-Uv- U- e- S-Æn-v- 1,-100˛-1,-800 cq-]- h-sc- Ip-d-bv- b-d-Iv-S¿- Pn.- t_m-dn-b- A-dn-bn-®p.- ∂-Xn-p-≈- ]-≤-Xn-bm-Wv- {]-[m-- C-cp-º-bn-cn-s‚- I-b-‰p-a-Xn- n-Ip- °m-pw- Xo-cp-am-n-®p.- C-Xn-m-bn- a-{¥n- a≥-tam-l≥- knw-Kv- {]-Jym- Xn- H-gn-hm-°n.- 10,-000 tIm-Sn- ap-X¬- ap-S°p-hm-pw- - °p-sa-∂v- sP-F-kv-U-ªyp- Ão-en-s‚- A- C-°m-ebfhn¬- tX-bn-e- D-Xv]m- - - - - tkm-kn-tb-‰v- ssh-kv- {]-kn-U-‚ v- i-c-Zv- Z-w- 11 i-X-am-w- D-b¿-∂v- 12.-58 tIm- ]n-®-Xv.- Im-_n--‰v- sk-{I-´-dn- sI.- ssh-Zyp-Xn- D-X]m-ZØn-p-≈- -v - - Xo-cp-am-n-®n-´p-≠v.- Fw- N-{µ-ti-J¿- X-e-h-m-b- k-an- m-^v-Ø-bp-sS- C-d-°p-a-Xn- Xo-cp- k¿-°m¿- hm-l--߃- am-‰p- a-tl-{µ- A-dn-bn-®p.- tImƒ-Uv- ˛-tdm- ƒ- Sn- In-tem- B-bn- D-b¿-∂-Xm-bpw- A- Uv- Ão-en-s‚- hn-e- S-Æn-v- 1,-000˛-1,-200 cq- t±-lw- A-dn-bn-®p.- Xn-bm-W-v C-Xn--v A-¥n-acq-]w- ¬- - h-bpw- H-gn-hm-°n-bn-´p-≠v.- a-‰v- I-b- ∂-Xn¬- _-P-‰n¬- A-p-h-Zn-®n-cn- In-b-Xv.- aq-∂v- L-´-ß-fn-em-bn- -S- ‰p-a-Xn- Xo-cp-h-I-fn¬- A-©v- i-X- °p-∂- Xp-I- hn-n-tbm-Kn-°m≥- ]- h-sc-bpw- Ip-d-bp-sa-∂v- `q-j≥- Ão-en- am¿-Kv- h-cp-am-w- 1500 ∏n-em-°p-∂- km-º-Øn-I- ]m-t°- Pn¬- B-Zy-tØ-Xv- Cu- h¿-jw- - am-w- Ip-db°m-pw- -S]Sn-bm-bn.- - v- - - `-h-- n¿-am-W- ta-J-e-bv-°p- th- k¿-°m¿- h-Ip-∏p-Iƒ- A-p-a-Xn- ¬-Ipw.- ]-≤-Xn- {]-Im-cw- am-cp-Xn- s‚- No-^v- ^n-m≥-jy¬- Hm-^o-k-dm-b- n-Xn≥- tPm-lm-cn- ]-d-™p.- tI-{µ-k¿-°m-cn-s‚- km-º-Øn-I- D- tIm-Sn- cq-]- I-hn-™p- S-∏n-em-Ipw.- n¿-am-W- ta-J-e,- I-b-‰p-a-Xn,- ≠n- 4,-000 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-Wv- h-I- bn-cp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xv.- A-©v- e-£w- Im-dn-s‚- hn-e-bn¬- m-ev- i-X-am- w- Ip-dhp-≠m-Ip-sa-∂m-Wp- {]-Xo- - tØ-P-I- ]-≤-Xn-I-sf- Xp-S¿-∂v- hn-]-Wn- ]-›m-Ø-e- ku-I-cy- hn-I-k-- A-Sn-ÿm-ku-Icy- hn-Ikw- F- - - - - cq-]- h-sc-bp-≈-h¿-°pw- A-©v- e- £.- ssl-th- hn-I-k--Øn-m-bn- bn¬- D-cp-°n-s‚- B-h-iyw- h¿-[n-°p-sa- ta-J-e-bn-se- {]-ap-J-cm-b- am¿-Kv- en- ∂n-h-bv-°p- {]m-[m-yw- ¬-In-bn- £-Øn¬- Iq-Sp-X¬- hm-bv-]-sb-Sp- 1,-00,-000 tIm-Sn- cq-]- o-°n-sh-°m- ∂- I-W-°p-Iq-´-en¬- D-Xv-]m-Z-w- h¿-[n- an-‰Un-s‚- -S∏v- km-ºØn-I- h¿-jw- - - - ´p-≈- ]m-t°-Pv- {]-Im-cw- Iq-Sp-X¬- °p-∂h¿-°pw- th-≠n- _m-¶p-Iƒ- - pw- ]- ≤ - X n- X- b m- d m- ∏n-°p-sa-∂pw- A-t±-lw- A-dn-bn-®p.- a-‰v- B-Zy- B-dp-am-ksØ- h-cp-am-w- 1500 - {]-ap-J- D-cp-°v- n¿-am-Xm-°fm-b- C-kv]m- - - ]-Ww- hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d-°n- {]-Xn-k- {]-tXy-I- ]-≤-Xn- {]-Jym-]n-°p-sa- °n-bn-´p-≠v.- km-º-Øn-I- {]-X-k- ‰v- C≥-Ukv{So-kpw- D-Øw- Km¬-hbpw- F- - - - tIm-Sn- cq-]- I-hn-™p.- 171.-60 tIm-Sn- ‘n-sb- t-cn-Sm-m-W-v k¿-°m¿- {i- ∂pw- {]-[m--a-{¥n- hy-‡-am-°n.- ‘n- Xp-S¿-∂m¬- Iq-Sp-X¬- -S-]- cq-]-bm-Wv- h-cp-am-w.- C-Xv- I-gn-™- Iv-ssk-kv- n-Ip-Xn- C-f-hn-eq-sS- e-`n-°p- aw.- tI-{µ- aq-ey-h¿-[n-X- n-Ip-Xn- ]-≤Xn- {]-Im-cw- Km¿-ln-I- hm- - Sn- kzo-Icn-°p-sa-∂pw- {]-[m-a{¥n- - - - ∂- em-`w- D-]-tbm-‡m-°-fn¬- D-S≥- F- h¿-j-tØ-Xn-t-°mƒ- 83.-82 i-X-am- (sk≥-{S¬- hm-‰v-)- m-ev- i-X-am-- bv]Ifp-sS- ]-en-ibv°v- km-cam-b- - - - - - - A-dn-bn-®p.- w- Iq-Sp-Xem-Wv.- - Øn-°p-sa-∂pw- tPm-lm-cn- ]-d-™p.-
  • 12. 12 hm-l-w- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- _n-F-kv-F- tam-t´m-gv-kn-s‚- C-˛kv-Iq-´-dp-Iƒ- Syq-_v- C≥-sh-Ãsa-‚ v- v- hn-]Wn-bn¬- F-Øn-®n-´p-ffX.v - - - - ¨-Ip-´n-Iƒ-°m-bp-≈- tam-U- C-¥y-bv-°v- kv- Hm-^v- C-¥y-bp-sS- `m-K- am-b- _n-F-kv-F- tam-t´m-gv- hy-Xy-kv-X- tam-U-ep-Iƒ- kv- ssa¬,- Zn-h,- kv-{So-‰v- ssd-U¿,- em-Wv- Zn-h.- 250 hm-´v- ti-jn- bpw- 25 In-tem- ao-‰¿- h-sc- th- kn-s‚- C-kv-Iq-´-dp-Iƒ- hn- tdm-a¿,- tdm-a¿- π-kv- F-∂n-h- K-X-bp-am-Wv- Cu- tam-U-en-v- N-cn-{X- t-´w- ]-Wn-bn-se-Øn-®p.- bm-W.v - e-`n-°p-I.- So-t-PvIsf- e-£y- - - an-´-v B-¨Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- s]-¨- - lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- D-f-f- tam-U-em- C-¥y-b°-v N-cn-{X- t-´w.- I- -v Wv- kv-{So-‰v- ssd-U¿.- 250 hm-Sv- º-n- C-¥y-bn¬- hn-‰-gn-®- km-Wv- tam-t´m¿.- 48 hm-Sv-km- Im-dp-I-fp-sS- F-Æw- 20 e- Wv- _m-‰-dn.- Cu- aq-∂p- tam-U- £w- ]n-∂n-´p.- 1998 sk-]v- ep-Iƒ-°pw- sse-k≥-tkm- c- ‰w-_¿- 23˛-m-Wv- I-ºn-bp- - Pn-kv-t{S-j-tm- B-h-iy-an-√.- sS- B-Zy- Im¿- km≥-t{Sm- 18˛-25 {]m-b]cn-[n-bn¬-s∏- - - C-¥y-bn¬- B-Zy- hn¬-]-- ´- D-tZym-Kÿcm-b- bp-hXo-˛bp- - - - - -SØn-bX.v - tI-hew- 10 h¿- - - - hm-°ƒ-°p-f-f-Xm-Wv- tdm-a¿.- jw- sIm-≠m-Wv- 20 e-£w- 500 hm-´v- ti-jn-bpw- 40 In-tem- Im¿- F-∂- N-cn-{X- t-´w- ao-‰¿- h-sc- a-Wn-°q-dn¬- th-K- ssI-hcn-®Xv.- - - X-bp-ap-≈- tam-Uem-W-v tdm-a¿.- - tdm-a¿-- lyq-≠m-bv- n¿-an-®- 20˛- 800 hm-´v- ti-jn-bp-≈- 45 In- e-£m-a-sØ- Im¿- {]-i-kv- tem- ao-‰¿- th-K-X-bp-≈- tdm- D-ffX.v - s]-t{Smƒ- hm-l߃- - - - - sIm-®n- C-S-∏-f-fn- tSmƒ- X- k-∂-Zv-[- kw-L-S--bm- anw-Kv- π-kv- ^m-an-en- kv-Iq-´-dm- °v- 35˛-38 i-Xam-w- am-{Xw- Im- - Pw-Kjn-em-W-v _n-Fk-v F- -v - - b- ssN¬-Uv- ssd-‰v-kv- B- Wv.- Cu- c-≠p- tam-U-ep-Iƒ- cy-£-a-X- D-f-f-t∏mƒ- _n- F- tam-t´m-gv-kv- tjm-dqw- ( sS-en- ‚ v- bq- (ss{I-)hn-v- ssI-am- - °pw- sse-k≥-kpw- c-Pn-kv-t{S- kv- F- C-e-Iv-{Sn-Iv- kv-Iq-´-dp-I- t^m-¨- :- 0484 4060084).- I- dn.- lyq-≠m-bv- {_m-‚ v- Aw- j-pw- B-h-iy-am-Wv.- F-√m- fp-sS- Im-cy-£-a-X- 82˛-85 i-X- hn-X- ssk-°nƒ-km-Wv- hn-X- _m-kU¿- jm-cq-JJm-m-W-v - -v tam-Uep-Iƒ-°pw- 60˛-70 In-tem- - am--am-Wv.- Hm-tcm- kv-Iq-´-dpw- c-W°m¿.- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ- - - Cu- Im-dn-s‚- Xm-t°m¬- ao-‰¿- h-sc- a-Wn-°q-dn¬- ]-c- m-ep- n-d-ß-fn¬- e-`y-am-Wv.- °v- th-≠n- {]-kv-Xp-X- tjm- ss{I- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- C¿-hn≥- am-h[n- th-KXbv°p- km-[y-X- - - - - Zn-h- A-©p- n-d-ß-fn¬- e-`n- dq-an¬- I-Ã-a¿- sI-b¿- k¿- s^¿-Wm-≠kn--v ssI-am-dn- - tdm-a¿-- π-kv- bp-s≠-∂p- I-º-n- kq-Nn-∏n- °pw.- s{]m-´-Iv-So-hv- tk-^v-‰n- ho-kv- (sS-en-t^m-¨- :- 0484 b-Xv.- °p-∂p.- kzn-®v,- Szn≥- ]m-k-©¿- ^p-Sv- 2110550)- B-cw-`n-®n-´p-≠.v - k¿- Z-£n-WsIm-dn-bbn-se- - - sse-k≥-kpw- c-Pn-kt{S--v 13˛-18 {]m-b°m¿-°-v th-≠n- - 29,-000 cq-]- ap-X¬- 37,-000 sd-Ãv,- hn-im-e-am-b- tÃm-td-Pv- ho-kv- sk-‚-dpw- tjm-dq-an¬- lyq-≠m-b-v tam-t´m¿- I-ºn- - j-pw- B-h-iy-an-√m-Ø- aq- bp-≈,- 250 hm-´v- ti-jn-bp-≈- cq-]- h-sc-bm-Wv- Cu- tam-Uep- - ku-I-cyw,- ssk-Uv- dn-^v-f-Iv- D-≠v.- bp-sS- ]q¿-W- D-S-a-ÿ- X- ∂v- tam-U-ep-Iƒ- Dƒ-s∏-sS- C-kIq-´dm-Wv- kvssa¬.- a-Wn- v- - - Iƒ-°v- hn-e.- t‰-gv-kv,- kp-J-I-c-am-b- ko-‰p- X-an-gv,- sX-ep-¶v- Nn-{X-ß- bn-ep-≈- k-_v-kn-Un-b-dn- A-©v- hy-Xy-kvX- tam-Uep- - - °q-dn¬- 25 In-tem- ao-‰¿- h-sc- _n-FkvF- C-eIv{Sn-Iv- kv- - - - - Iƒ- Xp-Sßn- H-t´-sd- {]-tXy-I- - fn-se- m-bn-I- X-a∂sb- _n- - - B-Wv- lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- Iƒ- B-Wv- _n- F-kv- F- a-Wn-°q-dn¬- th-KX- e-`n-°pw.- - Iq-´-dp-Iƒ-°v- sa-bn-‚-≥-kv- X-Iƒ- _n- F-kv- F- C-e-Iv-{Sn- F-kv-F- {_m≥-Uv- Aw-_m- C-¥y- en-an-‰-Uv.- tam-t´m-gv-kv- H-∂n-®v- tI-c-f- 16˛-20 {]m-b]cn-[n-bn-ep-ff- s]- - - - B-hiy-an-√m-Ø- _m-‰dn-bm-W-v - - Iv- kv-Iq-´-dn-p-≠v.- kn-U-dm-bn- n-b-an-®n-´p-≠v.- Im¿- n¿-am-Xm-°fn¬- {]- - Kp-I-fpw- F- _n- F-kpw- a-s‰m- ap-Jcm-b- am-cp-Xn- kp-kp-°n- C- - cp- k-hn-ti-jXbm-Wv.- - - ¥y-bp-sS- A-Xym-[p-n-I- tam- ku-Icy-ßfpw- B-[p-n-I- - - U-em-b- F-˛Ãm¿- tI-cfØn-se- - - - X-bpw- k-Ωn-{i-Ww- sN-bXXm- v- - hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d-°n.- Wv- F-˛Ãm-dn-s‚- C-‚o-cn-b¿- `m- - Ip-d-™- `m-c-hpw- 998 kn- Kw.- kvam¿-´-v Sm-t°m- ]m-U,v - Un- - kn- sI-10 _n- s]-t{Smƒ- F≥- Pn-‰¬- {Sn-∏v- ao-‰¿,- Hm-tUm-ao- Pn-p-ap-≈- F-˛-Ãm¿- C-‘-- ‰¿,- ^yq-h¬- tK-Pv,- t¢m-°v,- £-aXbn¬- ap≥-n-cbn-em-Wv.- - - - F-bp-FIvkv- kw-hn-[m-ap-≈- - - - cm-Py-sØ- {]-ap-J- Hm-t´m-tam- ayq-kn-Iv- kn-Ãw,- kn-Iv-kv- Kn- ´o-hv- dn-k¿-®v- G-P≥-kn-bm-b- b¿- jn-^v-‰v,- kv-t]m¿-´n- Ão-b- F- B¿- F- sF-bp-sS- ]-co- dn-Mv- Xp-S-ßn-b-h- a-‰p-≈-h-bp- £-W-{]-Im-cw- en-‰-dn-v- 19.-59 am-bn- Xm-cXayw-sN-øm-m-Im-Ø- - - In-tem- ao-‰dm-W-v Im-dn-s‚- ssa- - A-p-`ham-Wv- k-Ωm-n-°p-∂- - - te-Pv.- an-I-®- tS-Wn-Mv- td-Un- Xv.- ^vtfm-´n-Mv- tIm-°v]n-‰v- Un- - - b-kv,- ]-h¿,- ^v-fm-‰v- tSm¿-°v- ssk≥,- F-btdm- Um-jt_m¿- -v -v (an-n-aw- Kn-b¿-jn-^‰p-Iƒ-),- an- v- Uv,- I-¨-tkm-fn-p- Np-‰p-ap-≈- I-®- {]-h¿-Øw- Xp-Sßn-bh- bm-Wv- Im-dn-s‚- B-I¿-j-Wo- b- L-S-I-߃.- ]-cn-ÿn-Xn- ku-lr-Z-am-b- co-Xn-bn-em-Wv- n¿-am-Ww.- Im-dn-s‚- 85 i-X- am--hpw- do-ssk-°nƒ-sN-øm- - - - h-en-b- `m-hn-°v- sN-dn-b- Im¿;- {hm-∏v- Xp-Sßn-b- k-hn-ti-jX- ¬-Ip-∂p.- -bm-µIcam-b- {Inw-k¨- C-eyq-an-t-j≥- B- - Wv- a-s‰m-cp- k-hn-ti-j-X.- dn- b¿- _-º-dm-Wv- Im-dn-v- G-‰- - Iƒ- Im-dn-v- kv-t]m¿-´n- `m-hw- - - - - - - m-Ipw-hn-[Øn¬- bq-tdm-]y≥- C- F¬- hn- am--Z-Wv-U-߃- - {]-Im-c-am-Wv- n¿-an-®n-´p-≈-Xv.- se-Uv,- Im-Uv-an-bw,- sa¿-°p-dn,- t{Im-an-bw- F-∂n-h-t]m-ep-≈- lm-n-Icam-b- h-kvXp-°ƒ- C- - - - am-cp-Xn-bp-sS- F-˛-Ãm¿- hp-a[n-Iw- B-I¿-jIam-°p-∂- - {]-tXy-IXIfn¬- H-∂v.- - - - - k-aIm-eo-- bq-tdm-]y≥- co- Xn- b n- e m- W v - C- X n- s ‚- Un- ssk≥.- F-bv-tdm- ssU-m-an- Iv- cq-]`w-Kn-°p-]p-dsa,- kzo-]n- - - - - Xn¬-n-∂-v H-gn-hm-°n-bn-´p-ap-≠.v - Im¿- an-I-®- ss{U-hn-Mv- A-p- 921 cq-],- C-k-Uv- F-Iv-kv- sF- ≠-dp-≈- `m-cw- Ip-d-™- A-eq- s‚- n¿-am-Ww.- 4.-5 ao-‰-dn-s‚- Mv- F-Ivkv{]-ko-hv- em-ºp-Iƒ,- - - an-I-®- ssÃ-en-tm-sSm-∏w- `-ham-Wv- {]-Zm-w- sN-øp-∂Xv.- - - ˛- 4,-12,-921 cq-].- an-n-bw- sI-10 _n- F≥-Pn≥.- tS-Wn-Mv- td-Un-b-kv,- 170 an-√n- sIm-sa-‰v- tj-∏vUv- sS-bn¬- em- - D-b¿-∂- C-‘--£-a-X,- Ip-d- h-en-b- `m-hn-°v- sN-dn-b- ]p-Xn-b- sI- _n- ko-cn-kv- {]-h¿-Øan-Ihv- h¿-[n-∏n-°m- - - - ao-‰-dn-s‚- {Ku-≠v- ¢n-b-d≥-kv- ºp-Iƒ,- F≥-Pn-v- an-I-®- hm- ™- _-ln¿-Kaw,- D-b¿-∂- Kp- - - Im¿- F-∂- B-i-b-Øn¬- A- F≥-Pn≥- L-Sn-∏n-®v- am-cp-Xn- pw- {^n-Iv-j≥- Ip-d-bv-°m-pw- F-∂n-h- Im-dn-p-≠v.- k-hn-ti- bp-{]-hm-lw- e-`n-°Ø°hn-[- - - - W-ta-∑- F-∂n-h- tX-Sp-∂- -K- [n-jv-Tn-X-am-bn- n¿-an-®- F-˛- kp- k p- ° n- ]p- d - Ø n- d - ° p- ∂ - D-b¿-∂- B-Iv-kn-e-td-j≥- e- j-am-b- Hmƒ-du-≠v- Kym-kv- Um- Øn-ep-≈- ho-Xn-tb-dn-b- kv- c-Øn-ep-≈- a-[y-n-c- D-]-tbm- Ãm¿- C-¥y-sb- sN-dp-Im-dp-I- B-Zy-Im-dm-W-v F-˛Ãm¿.- C-¥y- - `y-am-°m-p-am-bn- am-cp-Xn- kp- º-Uv- k-kv-s]≥-j≥- D-≈-Xn- t]m¿-´n- {Kn¬- F-∂n-hbpw- F-˛- - ‡m-°fp-sS- A-`n-em-j߃-°- - - fp-sS- B-tKm-f- l-∫m-bn- am-‰p- bn-te-bpw- ]m-›m-Xy- tem-I- kp-°n- F≥-Pn-o-b¿-am¿- H-cp- m¬- Cu- Im-dn-se- bm-{X- Iq- Ãm-dn-s- B-I¿-jIam-°p-∂p.- - - p-kr-Xam-bm-W-v F-˛Ãm¿- kr- - - ∂-Xn-p-≈- kp-kp-°n-bp-sS- {]- sØ- hn-]-Wn-I-fn-te-bpw- n- Iq-´w- -hkm-t¶-Xn-IXIƒ- k- - - - Sp-X¬- kp-J-{]-Z-am-Wv.- tX-bv- C-cp-q-tdm-fw- h-I-t`-Z-ß- jv-Sn-®n-´p-≈-Xv.- C-¥y-bn-se- Xn-_≤X- Du-´n-bp-d∏n-°p-∂p.- - - - e-hn-ep-≈-Xpw- -S-∏n-em-°m≥- a- z- b n- ∏ n- ° p- I - b m- b n- c p- ∂ p.- am-w- Ip-d-bp-∂-Xn-m¬- A-‰- fn¬- n¿-an-°-s∏-´n-´p-≈- F-˛- F≥-Pn≥- km-t¶-Xn-IXsb- A- - - kp-kp-°n- n¿-an-°p-∂- A-©m- km-[y-Xbp-≈Xp-am-b- ]-cn-ÿn- - - 6200 B¿- ]n- F-Ωn¬- 67 ]n- Ip-‰∏Wn-Iƒ-°v- A-[n-Iw- sN- - - Ãm¿- bq-tdm-∏v,- Kƒ-^v,- em-‰n≥- Sp-Ø- X-e-Øn-te-°v- A-Xv- D- a-sØ- tem-I- X-{¥-{]-[m-- Xn- am--Z-Wv-U-߃-°v- hn-t[- F-kv- B-Wv- F≥-Pn-s‚- i- e-hp-h-cn-√.- A-ta-cn-°,- G-jy,- Hm-kvt{S-en- - b¿-Øp-∂p.- C-¥y-bn-te-tbm- tam-Uem-Wn-X.v - I-ºn-bp-sS- a- - - b-am-bn- k-{i-≤w- cq-]I¬-]- - - ‡n.- 3500 B¿- ]n- F-Ωn¬- {^- ≠ v - k- k v - s ]≥- j ≥- b,- B-{^n-°- Xp-S-ßn-b- ta-J- tem-I-Øn-s‚- a-‰n-S-ß-fn-te- t-k¿- πm-‚ n-em-bn-cp-∂p- F-˛- sN-bv-Xn-´p-≈-Xm-Wv- sI-10_n- 90 F≥-Fw- B-Wv- tSm¿-°v.- - s{^-bn-am-Wv- Im-dn-s‚- a-s‰m-cp- e-Ifn-se- q-‰ºtXm-fw- cm-Py- - - - tbm- D-]tbm-‡m-°fp-sS- C-∂- - - Ãm-dn-s‚- n¿-am-Ww.- F≥-Pn≥.- C-¥y-bn¬- n-e-hn- K-c-ß-fn-se- K-Xm-K-X- km-l- k-hn-ti-jX.- C-¥y≥- tdm-Up- - ß-fn-te-°v- I-b-‰p-a-Xn-sN-øp- sØ- B-hiy-IXIƒ- n-dth- - - - - F¬- F-Iv-kv- sF,- hn- F- ep-≈- _n- F-kv- ˛- aq-∂v- _- N- c y- ß ƒ- ° - p- k r- X - a m- b n- Iƒ-°-v A-p-tbm-Py-am-b- co-Xn- ∂p-≠v.- 2010˛-11 km-ºØn-Ih¿- - - ‰p-∂Xm-Wv- Im¿.- - Ivk-v sF,- C-kU-v F-Ik-v sF- - - -v ln¿-Ka- am-ZWvU߃- C- - - - - - - ss{U-hv-sN-øm≥- ]-cym-]v-X-am- bn¬- {^-≠v,- dn-b¿- k-kvs]≥- - j-Øn¬- 2,-00,-000 Im-dp-Iƒ- I- m¬- ] - X p- a m- k - Ø n- n- S - F-∂o- aq-∂p- h-I-t`-Z-ß-fn-em- Xn-s‚- n¿-am-W-Øn¬- ]m-en- b-Xm-Wv- ^v-fm-‰v- tSm¿-°v.- 250,- j-p-Ifpw- L-Sn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂p.- - b-‰p-aXn-sN-øm-p-≈- e-£y-Øn- - bn¬- am-cp-Xn- kp-kp-°n- ]p-d- Wv- F-˛Ãm¿- e-`y-am-Ip-I.- sU- - ®n-´p-≠v.- kp-kp-°n- tam-t´m¿- 000 In-tem-ao-‰¿- F≥-Up-dm≥- kp-J-I-c-am-b- bm-{X- e-`y-am- em-Wv- am-cp-Xn- kp-kp-°n.- C-Xn- Øn-d°p-∂- F-´m-asØ- hm-l- - - tk¿-´-v {_u-¨,- B¿-´n-I-v ssh- tIm¿-∏-td-j-s‚- k-l-I-c-W- kv- sS-Ãn-v- F≥-Pn-s- hn-t[- °pw-hn-[-Øn¬- tIm-bn¬- kv- s‚- ]-Ip-Xn-`m-Kw- F-˛Ãm-dm-bn- - -am-Wv- F-˛-Ãm¿.- G-sd- a- ‰v,- ss{_-‰v- sd-Uv,- ]m-c-ssU- tØm-sS- aq-∂p-h¿-jsØ- cq-]-- b-am-°n-bn-´p-≠.v - A-Xp-t]m-se- {]n-ßp-Iƒ-°v- Aƒ-{Sm- ssl- cn-°p-sa-∂-v I-ºn- hr-Ø߃- - - ’-c£aXbp-≈- F-˛c≠v- hn- - - - - - - kv- ªq,- k-¨-sse-‰v- Iq-∏¿,- I¬-]--bv-°pw- hn-I-k--Øn- ssU--tam- ao-‰-dn¬- 500 a-Wn- t{K-Uv- Ão-em-Wv- D-]tbm-Kn-®n- - A-dn-bn-®p.- bq-tdm-∏n-te-°p-≈- `m-K-Øn¬- am-cp-Xn- kp-kp-°n- an-Uv-ss-‰v- ªm-°v,- lo-en-Mv- pw- ti-j-am-Wv- sI- _n- ko- °q-dn-te-sd- F≥-Pn≥- Im-en- ´p-≈Xv.- - F-˛Ãm-dn-s‚- I-b‰p-aXn- 2009 B- - - - bp-sS- B-[n-]-Xy-Øn-v- C-Xv- {Ko≥,- kn¬-°n- kn¬-h¿,- A- cn-kv- F≥-Pn≥- πm-‚ v- n¿-an- t{_-jpw- 7500 a-Wn-°q¿- o- - F-˛Ãm-dn-v- Nn-e- kp-{]-[m- - Zy-am-bn-cn-°pw- B-cw-`n-°p-I.- A-Sn-h-c-bn-Sp-∂p.- Cu- hn-`m-K- kq¿- t{K- F-∂n- H-º-Xp- n-d- ®n-´p-≈-Xv.- πm-‚ n-m-bn- 1200 ≠- F≥-Pn≥- hm-en-tU-j-pw- - kp-c£m- k-hn-ti-jXIfp- - - - - sIm-®n-bn¬- -S∂- am-cp-Xn- - Øn¬- am-cp-Xn-°v- 55 i-Xam-w- - ß-fn¬- C-h- e-`n-°pw.- tIm-Sn- cq-]- I-º-n- ap-X¬-ap-S- hn-t[-bam-°n.- - ≠v.- Iq-´n-bn-Sn-bn-ep-≠m-Ip-∂- F- Ãm¿- ]p-d-Øn-d-°¬- N-S- hn-]-Wn-hn-ln-X-ap-≠v.- Hm-tcm- h-It`-Zßfp-sS-bpw- - - - °n-bn-cp-∂p.- Xn-ct°-dn-b- {]-tZ-ißfpw- - - - {]-Xym-Lm-X-Øn-s‚- Du¿-Pw- ßn¬- do-PW¬- am-t-P¿- tXm- - F-˛c≠v- hn-`m-KØn-se- ap- - - - sIm-®n-bn-se- F-Iv-kv-tjm-dqw- D-]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- G-‰- Ip-≠pw-Ip-gn-I-fp-ap-≈- tdm-Up- bm-{X-°m-sc- _m-[n-°m-Ø- tSm- a-kv- sN-dn-bm≥,- P--d¬- am- ¥n-b- ÿm--Øv- n-e-bp-d-∏n- hn-e- C-{]-Im-cam-Wv:- - F-˛Ãm¿- - - hpw- ]p-Xn-b- km-t¶-Xn-I-X- e- I-fpw- Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈- F-√m- C- ´¬- F-^ISo-h-v I-¨t{Smƒ- sS- - -v - t-P¿- kn.-hn.-cm-a≥,- _n-kn- ®v- -K-c-Øn-se- bp-h- s{]m-^- F¬- F-Iv-kv- sF- ˛- 3,-47,-813 `y-am-°p-∂-Xn-m-bn- I-º-n- ¥y≥- km-lNcy-߃-°pw- C- - - Iv-tm-f-Pn- (Sn- C- kn- Sn-)- B- -kv- sl-Uv- a-tm-l¿- `-´v- Xp- j-W-ep-I-sf- e-£y-an-Sp-∂- cq-],- hn- F-Iv-kv- sF- ˛- 3,-75,- kr-jv-Sn-®-Xm-Wv- aq-∂p- kn-en- W-ßn-b- hn-[-am-Wv- F-˛-Ãm-dn- Wv- A-Xn-sem-∂v.- F-b¿- _m- S-ßn-b-h¿- ]-s¶-Sp-Øp.-
  • 13. km-t¶-Xn-Iw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 13 k¿-^-kv- I-ºyq-´-dp-am-bn- ssa-t{Im-tkm-^v-‰v- I-ºyq-´¿- F-∂p- tIƒ- Kp-Uss_- ]-d™ncn-°p-∂X.v - -v - - te-°v- {]-th-in-°mw.- th-KXbm- - - Xm-°fm-b- ssa-t{Im-tkm-^v- - °p-tºmƒ- a-kn- ¬- sX-fn-bp- - d-bn¬-th- kv-t‰-j-p-I-fn¬- Wv- k¿-^kv- I-ºyq-´dn-s‚- ap-J- - - ‰v- ]-dbp-∂X-v {]-kXp-X- I-ºyq- - - -v ∂- Nn-{Xw- sU-kv-Iv-tSm-∏v- I- hn-hc-߃- A-dn-bm≥- ÿm-]n-®n- ap-{Z.- ho-Un-tbm,- kv-‰n¬- t^m- ´- d n- s - kv - ] ¿- i - Øn- e q- ºyq-´-dm-Wv.- tamWn-‰¿,- Io- ´p-≈- k¿-hkm[m-cWam-b- S-®v- - - - t´m,- Nn-{X-߃,- - cq-]߃- F-∂n- - - sSbpw- Bw-Ky-Øn-eq-sS-bpw- t_m¿-U,v - au-k,v - kn-]n-bp F- kv{Io≥- kw-hn-[m-tØm-S-v k-am- - - h- F-Un-‰v- sN-øWsa-¶n¬- Sqƒ- - - {]-h¿-Øn-∏n-°m≥- km-[n-°p- ∂n-h.- - Im-e{I-aØn¬- I-ºyq- - - - -am-Wv- k¿-^-kv- I-ºyq-´-dn-s‚- kv- (Tools)- F-∂- Hm-]v-j≥- D- sa-∂m-W.v - am-{X-a√- hn-hn-[X- - - ´-dn-v- cq-]am-‰w- kw-`hn-®v- em- - - Nn-e- {]-h¿-Ø-w.- Npcp-°n-∏-d- ]tbm-Kn-°m-sX- km-[n-°p-sa-∂- cw- `u-Xn-I- h-kXp-°sf-bpw- v- - ]v-tSm-]-pw- ]mw-tSm-]-pw- s-‰v- ™m¬- ssI-hn-c¬- D-]-tbm-Kn- Xpw- k¿-^-kv- I-ºyq-´-dn-s‚- {]- th¿-Xn-cn-®-v A-dn-bm≥- I-gn-bp- _p-°p-sam-s°-bm-bn.- t]-gk- -v ®v- I-ºyq-´¿- {]-h¿-Øn-∏n-°mw.- tXy-IXbm-W.v - - - ∂-Xpw- k¿-^k-v I-ºyq-´dn-s‚- - - W¬- I-ºyq-´dp-am-bn- Xm-cX- - - k¿-^-kv- Iºyq-´-dn-s‚- Kp-W- aƒ-´n- S-®v- tIm¨-Sm-Iv-Sv-:- {]-tXy-IXbm-W.v - - - ay-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmƒ- e-m]vtSm- - - ߃- A-Yhm- {]-tXy-IXIƒ- ]- - - - k¿-^k-v Iºyq-´dn-s‚- {]-h¿-Ø- - - Np-cp-°Øn¬- a-p-jy-s- - ]n-pw- n-ch[n- Kp-Wßfp-≠.v - - - - - t∏m-se-X-s∂- k¿-^-kv- I- a-‰p- `u-Xn-I- h-kXp-°sf-bpw- Xn- -v - A-hbn-sem-∂-v quot;au-kn'-√m-sX- - {]-h¿-Øn-°mw- F-∂Xm-W.v - ]- - sS-Iv- yq- cn-®dn-bm≥- C-Øcw- I-ºyq-´dn-v- - - - ºyq-´dn-pw- h-kXp-°sf- Xn- - cn-®-dn-bm≥- km[n-°p-∂p,- v- - t£- Io-t_m¿-Upw- a-ukp-an- √m-Ø- I-ºyq-´dn-s-°p-dn-∂v- - - B‚-Wn- sj-en≥- km-[n-°p-w.- aƒ´n- bq-k¿- F-Iv-kv-]o-cn- b≥-kv-:- H-tc-k-a-bw- H-∂n-e-[n- tNm-Zy-߃- kzo-Icn-°p-Ibpw- th-KØn¬- Nn-¥n-®v- _p-≤n-a- - - - h-cp-∂p,- B-temNn-®n-´p-t≠m?- C-s√- e-Xm-W.v - w- S-®-v kv{Io-≥- kw-hn-[m-tØm- - - ¶n¬- k-¶¬-]n-°m-sa-∂m-W-v ssa-t{Im-tkm-^‰-v I-ºn- ]--v - U-bdIS-v C‚-dm-Ij≥-:- km- - - -v -v [m-cWbm-bn- H-cmƒ-°-v sh-_n-te- - - Sv- k-am-am-sW-¶n-epw- S-®-v kv{Io- - n-s‚- yq-X-- H-cp- k-a-bw- H-cm- - Iw- hy-‡n-I-tfm-Sv- C-S-]-g-Im≥- km-[n-°p-Ibpw- hn-hc߃- ssI- - - - fi-eØn¬-n-∂-v D-Nn-Xam-b- D-Øc߃- ¬-Ip-Ibpw- sN- øp-∂p.- - - - - - quot;`p-h≥-'- Kq- d-bp-∂X.v - - °v- {]-th-in-°-W-sa-¶n¬- Io- tfm-S-v am-{X-ta- A-X-v {]-Xn-Icn-°p- - am-dm≥- km[n-°p-Ibpw- sN-øp-∂- - - Knƒ- F¿-Øn-s‚- am-Xr- h-bm-W-v k¿^-k-v I-ºyq-´¿.- im- k v - { X- km- t ¶- X n- I - I-bn¬- sF.-Fk.v B¿.-H- `p-h≥- - - h≥- { ]- N m- c - w - t- S n- ° - t_m¿-Upw- au-kp-sa-√mw- D-]tbm- - I-bp-≈q- F-∂Xm-W.v - ]-t£- k¿- - ÿm- ] - - ß ƒ- ° p- ] - p - d - s a- - (kw-kIr-XØn¬- `q-an)- F-∂- -v - gn™- k¿-^k-v I-ºyq-´dm-W-v - - Kn-®v- A-{U-kv- ssS-∏v- sN-øWw.- ^-k-v I-ºyq-´dn--v H-tc-kabw- A- - - - G-‰hpw- ]pXn-b- km-t¶-Xn-I- - hn-Zy- ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-X-n¬- tlm-´-ep-Iƒ,- kn-n-am-im-e- t]-cn¬- km-‰-sse-‰v- C-ta-Pdn- (Surface Computer) - au- k n- F-∂m¬- k¿-^kv- I-ºyq-´dn¬- - - t-Itcm-S-v {]-Xn-Icn-°m≥- km-[n- - - Iƒ- Xp-Sßn-b- hm-Wn-Py- tI- - tm-Spw- Io-t_m¿-Un-tm-Spw- H-cp- hn-ce°n-bm¬- a-Xn- sh-_n- - - - °pw.- a-p-jy-k]¿-iw- Iq-Sm-sX- v- sP-bnw-k-v t_m-≠-v Nn-{X-߃-°p- k¿-ho-k-v B-cw-`n-°p-∂p.- ≈- ]m-Shw- t{]-£I¿- A-p-`hn- - - - {µ-ßfn-epw- k¿-^kv- I-ºyq- - - 2009 am¿-®n¬- {]m-cw-`- ]-Wn- ®n-´p-≠v.- 007 ]-cºcbn-se- ]p-Xn- - - - ´-dn-v- {]m-[m-yw- D≠m-Ip-sa- Iƒ- B-cw-`n-°pw.- sF.-F-kv.- b- C-am-b- quot;Izm-≠w- Hm-^-v skm- - ∂m-W-v ssa-t{Im-tkm-^‰-v kq- -v B¿.-Hbp-sS- X-s∂- D-]{K-lam- - - - em-kpw'- sS-Iv-tm-f-Pn-bp-sS- Im- Nn-∏n-®n-´p-≈X.v - - b- Im¿-t´m-km-‰n-s‚- k-lm-b- cy-Øn¬- H-∂pw- ]n-dIn-e√.- - - 76 sk‚o-ao-‰¿- h-ep-∏ap- tØm-sS-bm-bn-cn-°pw- `p-hn¬- - {]-kv-Xp-X- Nn-{X-Øn¬- A- ≈- A-{I-en-Iv- {]-X-e-am-Wv- Zr-iy-߃- e-`y-am-Ip-I.- B-Zy- ¥m-cm-jv-{S- `o-I-c-∑m-sc- ]n-Sn-Iq- k¿-^-kv- I-ºyq-´-dn-s‚- kv- L-´-Øn¬- C-¥y≥- D-]-`q-J- Sm≥- t]-m-Ip-∂- m-b-I≥- t_m- {Io≥.- kv]¿-in-°p-∂- hn-hn-[- fi-Øn-s‚- Nn-{X-ßfm-W-v `q-h- - ≠n--v X-s‚- ta-ep-tZy-mKÿ¿- h- - - h-kvXp-°sf- Xn-cn-®dn-bm-p- - - - n¬- Zr-iy-am-Ip-Isb-∂v- A-[n- - n-hc߃- ¬-Ip-∂Xv- k¿-^kv- - - - - ≈- i-‡n- kv{Io-n-p-≠.v - - Ir-X¿- ]-dbp-∂p.- - I-ºyq-´¿- D-]tbm-Kn-®m-W.v - t]-gv-k-W¬- I-ºyq-´-dn- Kq-Knƒ- F¿-Øn-s‚- 20 a-S- hn-Ikn-X- cm-Py-ßfn¬- kw- - - t‚-Xp-t]m-se-bp-≈- kn.-]n.-bp- ßv- hy-‡X- Nn-{X-߃-°p-≠- - L- N¿-®,- sk-an-m-dp-Iƒ- Xp-Sß- - B-W-v k¿-^k-v I-ºyq-´dpw- D- - - m-Ip-sa-∂pw- sF.-F-kv.-B¿.-H- n-bhbv°v- k¿-^kv- I-ºyq-´¿- D- - - - - ]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X.v - h-b¿-se-k-v - A-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂p.- dn-tam-´v- ]-tbm-Kn-®p-hcp-∂p.- - kw-hn-[m--Øn-m-bn- ssh- sk≥-knw-K-v Um-‰- t]m-fn-kn-bp- F¬.-kn.-Un-bpw- tam-Wn-‰dpw- - ss^- ªq-Sq-Øv- B‚-n--bpw- sS- n-b{¥-W߃-°-v hn-t[-b- - - D-]tbm-Kn-®-v -Ωp-sS- m-´n¬- hym- - k¿-^-kv- I-ºyq-´-dn¬- D-]- am-bn-´m-bn-cn-°pw- `p-h-n¬- Nn- ]-I-am-b- quot;]-h¿-t]m-bn‚ v- {]-k- tbm-Kn-°p-∂p.- {X-߃- {]-Z¿-in-∏n-°p-∂X.v - - t‚-j≥-quot; {I-ta-W- k¿-^-kv- I- kv-{Io≥,- C≥-{^-m-sd-Uv- K-cm-kq-{X-Ww,- sS-en- ºyq-´dn--v h-gn-am-dm≥- km-[y-Xbp- - - kvs]-Iv{Sw,- kn.-]n.-bp-,- t{]m- - - tImw- Xp-Sßn-b- ta-Jeb°-v `p- - - - -v ≠v.- P-IS¿- F-∂n-hbm-W-v k¿-^- -v - h≥- ap-X¬-°q-´m-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂-v H-_-vP-Iv-Sv- d-n-°-Kv-t-j-≥-:- kv- I-ºyq-´-dn-s‚- {]-[m-- `m- sF.-F-kv.-B¿.-H- hr-Ø-ß-ƒ- k¿-^-kv- Iºyq-´dn-s‚- n¿-Ωm- K-߃. kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p.- - C-ß-t-bpw- `m-cw- H-cp- `m-c-a-√- Hm-tcm-cp-Ø-cpw- F-s¥- √mw- Im-c-Ww- ]-d-™v- hn-hm- lw- th-s≠-∂p-hb°p-∂p.- G- - -v Xm-≠-v H-∂c- A-cn-®m-°n-s‚- `m- - cw- (250 In-tem-{Kmw-)- hn-hm-l- Øn-v- H-cp- X-S ta-bs√-∂m- - - - Wv- sa-Iv-kn-t°m-bn-se- am-p- h¬- D-ssd-_- (43).- an-∂p-sI- ´n-bXm-Is´,- c-≠p- h¿-jw- ap≥- - - ]v.- 560 In-tem-{Kmw- `m-cap-≠m- - bn-cp-∂- D-ssd-_n-s- C-∂- sØ- n-ebn-em-°n-b- Im-ap-In- - ¢u-Un-b- tkm-fo-kn-s-bpw.- h-cs‚- h-chpw- c-kIcam- - - - - - bn-cp-∂p.- A-e-¶-cn-®- sa-Ø- bn¬- In-SØn- {S-°n-em-bn-cp-∂p- - hn-hm-l-lm-fn¬- F-Øn-®-Xv.- n-ch[n- hm-l߃-s°m-∏w- - - - - c-≠-v t]m-eo-k-v Im-dp-Ifpw- A- - I-ºSn-bm-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p- -hw- - _¿- c-≠n-se- hn-hm-lØn-v.- - m-ep- h¿-jw- ap-ºm-Wv- D- ssd-_- ap-∏sØ-´p-Im-cn-bm-b- - Im-ap-In-sb- ]-cn-Nbs∏-Sp-∂X.v - - - - hn-hm-lw- I-gn-s™-¶n-epw- `m- cw- Ip-d-bv-°m-m-bn- D-ssd-_n- s- ]-´n-Wn-°n-Sn-s√-∂m-Wv- ¢u-Un-b- ]-dbp-∂X.v - A-tX-k-- - a-bw,- G-‰-hpw- `m-cw- Iq-Sn-b- a- p-jy-s-∂- Kn-∂-kv- dn-°m¿- Up- ≈ - Cu- 41˛- I m- c--v G-‰hpw- Iq-Sp-X¬- `m-cw- Ip- - d-®- hy-‡n-sb-∂- dn-°m¿-Upw- kz-¥am-°Wsa-∂- tam-lam- - - - - Wp-≈X.v - -
  • 14. 14 tjm-∏nw-Kv- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 _mw-K-f-q-cn¬- t{K-‰v- K-cp-U- i-_-cn-a-e- Xo¿-∞m-S-I¿-°m-bn- tjm-∏n-Mv- s^-Ãn-h¬- F-b¿-sS-en-s‚- {]o-˛-s]-bv-Uv- C- ¥y-bn-se- {]-ap-J- sam-ss_¬- tk-h-- Zm-Xm-°-fm-b- `m-c-Xn- F-b¿- sS¬- Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn¬-n-∂p-≈- i-_-cn-a-e- Xo¿-∞m-S-I¿-°m-bn- c-≠v- {]- tjm-∏n-ßn-epw- F-‚¿-sS-bn≥- en-s-Øp-∂h¿-°-v Hm-tcm-aWn-°q-dpw- - - tXy-I- {]o-˛-s]-bv-Uv- hu-®-dp-Iƒ- ]p-d-Øn- sa-‚ n-epw- -hym-p-`-h-߃- ¬-In- k-Ωm--߃- e-`y-am-°p-∂- kv-]n≥- d-°n.- tI-c-fw,- I¿-Wm-S-I,- X-an-gv-m-Sv,- B- s°m-≠v- _mw-K-fq-cn¬- t{K-‰v- K-cp-U- Zv- ho¬,- ^vfn-∏v- Sp- hn≥- F-∂n-h- t]m- - {‘m-{]-tZ-i-v F-∂n-hn-Sßfn¬-n-∂p-≈- Xo¿- - - tjm-∏n-Mv- s^-Ãn-h¬.- amƒ- tjm-∏n- ep-≈- n-c-h-[n- a-’-c-߃- -S-Øp- ∞m-SI¿-°v- i-_cn-aebm-{X-bn¬- D-]tbm- - - - - - Mv- s^-Ãn-h-en¬- {]-ap-J-cm-b- K-cp- ∂p-≠v.- C-Xn-p-]p-d-sa- {]-Xn-Zn--am- Kn-°m≥- I-gn-bp-∂-h-bm-Wv- C-h.- U- am-fm-Wv- aq-∂p-am-kw- o-fp-∂- s^- bpw- {]-Xn-hm-c-am-bpw- a-’-c-߃- - 120 cq-]-bp-sS- Cu-kn- do-Nm¿-Pv- hu-®- Ãv- kw-L-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.- S-Øp-∂p-s≠-∂-v A-h¿- ]-d™p.- s^- - dn-v- 107 cq-]-bp-sS- tSm-°v- ssSw- e-`n-°pw.- 220 cq-]-bp-sS- Cu-kn- do-Nm¿-Pn-v- m-ep- h¿-j-am-bn- -S-Øn-h-cp-∂- Ãn-hen-s-Øp-∂hcn¬- n-∂v- ti-J- - - - 196 cq-]-bp-sS- tSm-°v- ssS-an-p- ]p-d-ta- 30 Zn-h-kw- Im-em-h-[n-bp-≈,- 24 an-n- cn-°p-∂- Iq-∏Wp-Iƒ- -dp-°n-s´-Sp-Ø-v - ´v- F-b¿-sS-en-te-bv-°v- ku-P-y- tem-°¬- tIm-fp-Iƒ- hn-fn-°p-∂-Xn-p-≈- A-¥n-a-hn-P-bn-°v- G-‰-hpw- ]p-Xn-b- ku-I-cy-hpw- e-`n-°pw.- F-cp-ta-en,- ]-º,- n-e-bv-°¬,- i-_-cn-a-e- F-∂n-hn-S- _n- Fw- U-ªn-bp- Im¿- k-Ωm--am- ß-fn¬- Iq-Sm-sX- bm-{X-bn-ep-So-fw- C-t∏mƒ- F-b¿-sS-en-v- k-ºq¿-W- I-h- - bn- ¬-Ip-sa-∂pw- A-h¿- A-dn-bn-®p.- td-Pv- e-`y-am-Wv.- P-p-h-cn- H-∂n-m-Wv- ^-ew- {]-Jym- Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn-se- G-‰-hpw- h-en-b- Im--- t£-{X-am-b- i-_-cn-a-e-bn- ]n-°p-I.- {Kq-∏v- {]-h¿-Øn-®p-h-cp-∂p.- _mw-•q- te-°v- a-‰p- kw-ÿm-ßfn¬-n-∂v- F-Øp-∂- Xo¿-∞m-SIe£ßƒ-°v- F- - - - - - - D-]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°m-bn- am-fn¬- cn-se- a-{Km-Øv- tdm-Un¬- {Kq-∏v- -S- b¿-sS-en-s‚- ]p-Xn-b- Hm-^¿- {]-tbm-P--{]-Z-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v- `m-c-Xn- F-b¿- hn-hn-[- kmw-kIm-cn-I- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw- v- - Øn-h-cp-∂- K-cp-U- am-fn-v- 750,-000 N- sS¬- en-an-‰-Uv,- sam-ss_¬- k¿-ho-k-kv,- tI-c-f,- No-^v- Hm-∏-td-‰nw-Kv- Hm- kw-LSn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v.- {In-kvakv,- ]p- - - - Xp-c-{i- A-Sn- hn-kv-Xo¿-W-ap-≠v.- se- ^o-k¿- B--µv- A-tdm-d- ]-d-™p.- tjm-∏n-Mv- s^-Ãn-h-en-v- h≥-{]-Xn-I- Xp-h’cZn-w- Xp-Sßn-bhb°pw- {]- - - - - - - v- hn-kv,- ss-°v- Xp-S-ßn-b- {]-ap-J- c-W-am-Wv- C-Xp-h-sc- e-`n-®n-´p-≈-Xv.- tXy-I- B-tLm-jßfp-≠m-bn-cn-°pw.- - - {_m≥-Up-Iƒ-°v- C-hn-sS- km-∂n-[y- C-Ø-h-W- m-ep- Z-i-e-£-tØm-fw- t]-sc- s^-Ãn-h-en-v- {]-Xo-£n-°p- {io- D-Z-bv- K-cp-Um-N-dn-s‚- t-Xr- Xz-Øn¬- _mw-Kfq¿- B-ÿm-am-bn- - - ap-≠v.- lu-kn-Mv- U-h-e-∏v-sa-‚ v,- sh¬-s-kv- sk-‚¿- Xp-S-ßn-b- ta-J- C≥-U-kv- eo-Kv - tjm-dqw- Xp-d-∂p- ∂p-s≠-∂v- K-cp-U- {Kq-∏n-s‚- _n-kn- 1989˛¬- ÿm-]n-°s∏-´Xm-Wv- K-cp-U- - - e-I-fn-te-°v- Iq-Sn- {]-th-in-®v- ssh- C≥-U-kv- eo-Kv- t¢m-Ønw-Kv- en-an-‰-Un-s‚- ]p-Xn-b- tjm-dqw- sIm-®n- C-S- -kv- U-h-e-∏v-sa-‚ v- am-t-P¿- tPm-b- {Kq-∏v.- n¿-am-Ww,- dn-b¬- F-tÃ-‰v,- hn-[y-am¿-∂- hn-I-k-- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- ∏-≈n- ss_-]m-kn¬- H-_-tdm-¨- am-fn¬- sI.-_m-_p- Fw.-F¬.-F- D-Zv-Lm-S- ∂- sa--ko-kv- A-dn-bn-®p.- s^-Ãn-h- D¬-]m-Z-w- Xp-S-ßn-b- ta-J-e-I-fn¬- {Kq-∏v- C-t∏mƒ- -SØn-hcn-Ibm-Wv.- w- sN-bv-Xp.- A¿-_m-- {_m≥-Uv- am-t-P¿- in-hm-n- an-{i- do-s´-bn¬- am- - - - t-P¿- (tI-c-fw,- I¿-Wm-S-Iw-)- sI.-_n.-{]-`m-I-c≥,- G-cn-b- am-t-P¿,- Sn.-F.- {io-Pn-Øv- F-∂n-h¿- ]-s¶-Sp-Øp.- C≥-U-kv- eo-Kv- t-cn-´p- -S-Øp-∂- tI-c-f- {Km≥-Uv- tI-c-f- tjm-∏nw-Kv- Øn-se- 16˛m- a-sØ- tjm-dq-am-Wn-Xv.- C≥-U-kv- eo-Kn-s‚- {]-ap-J- {_m≥-Up-I-fm-b- C≥-Un-tKm-t-j≥,- kv-I- t≈-gv-kv,- A¿-_≥- tbm-K,- P-e-kv- 21,- A¿-_m-- F-∂n-hsb-√mw- H-_tdm-¨- am-fn-se- ]p-Xn-b- tÃm- - dn¬- e-`y-am-Wv.- - s^-Ãn-h-en-v- Xp-S-°w ]q-c-Øn-s‚- m-´n¬- {Km≥-Uv- Xm-]≥,- hy-h-km-b- hm-Wn-Py-h-Ip-∏v- H-t´-sd- {_m≥-Up-Iƒ- D-≈- sse-^v- ssì- hn-]W- irw-Jebm-Wv- C≥-Ukv- eo-Kv- t¢m-Ønw- - - - - - Kv.- {]-h¿-Ø-w- B-cw-`n-®v- G-gp-h¿-j-Øn-p- ≈n¬,- cm-Py-sØ- G-‰-hpw- h-en-b- h-kv-{X-im-e-bm-bn- am-dm≥- C≥-U-kv- eo- ]m-cn- hy-h-km-bn- G-tIm-]--k-an-Xn- Kn-p- I-gn-™p.- F-Iv-kv-¢q-ko-hv- tÃm-dp-Iƒ,- tZ-io-b- tÃm¿- irw-J-e- tI-c-f- tjm-∏nw-Kv- s^-Ãn-h-en-v- Hu- {]n≥-kn-∏¬- sk-{I-´-dn- Sn.- _m-e-Ir- kw-ÿm-- ssh-kv- {]-kn-U‚ v- tUm.- Iƒ,- aƒ-´n- {_m≥-Uv- Hu-´v-se-‰p-Iƒ- F-∂n-h- h-gn- cm-Py-hym-]-I-am-bn- C≥- - tZym-Kn-I- Xp-S-°w.- i-‡-s‚- X-´-I- jv-W≥,- hy-h-km-b-h-Ip-∏v- U-b-d-Iv- Fw.-P-b-{]-Im-iv,- hym-]m-cn- hy-h-km- U-kv- eo-Kn-v- km-∂n-≤yw- D-≠v.- Øn¬,- h-S°p-∂m-Ys‚- Xn-cp-ap-‰Øp- - - - S¿- Sn.-H- kq-c-Pv,- Pn-√m-I-f-Iv-S¿- tUm.- bn- k-an-Xn- kw-ÿm-- {]-kn-U-‚ v- ^yq-®¿- {Kq-∏v- ÿm-]--am-b- C≥-U-kv- eo-Kn-s‚- {_m≥-Up-Iƒ-°v- Pn- Xn-ßn-°q-Sn-b- P--k-©-b-sØ- km- _n-∂n- C-Ω´n,- ]n.-Sn- sN-dn-bm≥,- sI.- kn-kn- cm-Py-ß-fn-epw- {io-e-¶-bn-epw- h≥-{]n-b-am-Wp-≈-Xv.- - £n-n¿-Øn- kv-]o-°¿- sI.-cm-[m-Ir- in-h-dmw,- ]n.-hn- sk-_m-Ãy≥,- bq-k- jv-W≥- tjm-∏nw-Kv- s^-Ãn-h-en-s‚- kw-ÿm-Xe- D-ZLm-Sw- Xr-iq-cn¬- - - -v - ^v- Xp-S-ßn-b-h¿- kw-_-‘n-®p.- ap≥- {]-[m--a-{¥n- hn.-]n.- knw- sF-Un-b- t]m-bn-‚ v- tjm-dq-ap-Iƒ- n¿-h-ln-®p.- P-p-h-cn- 15 h-sc-bm-Wv- Kn-s‚- n-cym-WsØ- Øp-S¿-∂pw- apw- - tI-c-f-Øn-se- ap≥-n-c- sS-en-tImw- tk-h--Zm-Xm-hm-b- sF-Un-b- sk- tjm-∏nwKv s^-kv‰n-h¬.- - ss_- B-{I-aWØn-s‚- ]-›m-Øe- √p-em¿- c-≠v- ]p-Xn-b- sF-Un-b- t]m-bn-‚ v- tjm-dq-ap-Iƒ- Xp-d-∂p.- - - - tem-Iw- t-cn-Sp-∂- hn-hn-[- X-c- Øn-ep-am-Wv- Un-kw-_¿- H-∂n-v- -S- sF-Un-b- sk-√p-em-dn-s‚- tI-c-f- kn.-C.-H- _n.-cm-a-Ir-jv-W,- tIm-´-bw- Øn-ep-≈- {]-Xn-k-‘n-I-sf- X-c-Ww- Øm≥- n-›-bn-®n-cp-∂- D-Zv-Lm-S--®- tkm-W¬- _n-kn--kv- am-t-P¿- c-ta-jv- Ip-am-dn-s‚- km-∂n-[y-Øn¬- s]-cp- sN-bvXp- ap-t∂m-´p- t]m-Im≥- sIm-®p- - S-ßp-Iƒ- am-‰n-h-®n-cp-∂p.- D-Zv-Lm-S-- h-bn-epw- D-g-hq-cn-epw- tjm-dq-ap-I-fp-sS- D-Xv-Lm-S-w- n¿-h-ln-®p.- tI-c-fw- tjm-∏nw-Kv- s^-Ãn-h-en-eq-sS- ®-Sßp-Ifp-sS- `m-Kam-bn- tX-°n≥-Im- - - - Cu- sF-Un-b- t]m-bn-‚ v- tjm-dq-ap-Iƒ- sN-dp-]-´-W-ß-fn-se- F-√m- D-]- am-Xr-I- Im-´n-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-sW-∂v- D- Sv- ssa-Xm-n-bn¬- k-÷o-I-cn-®- {]- tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°pw- sF-Un-b-bp-sS- G-‰-hpw- ]p-Xn-b- tk-h--߃- e-`y-am- ZvLm-S{]-kw-KØn¬- kv]o-°¿- ]- - - - - - tXy-I-th-Zn-bn¬- sa-Km-ayq-kn-°¬- °pw.- sF-Un-b-bp-sS- G-Xp- D-]-tbm-‡m-hn-pw- H-cp- ssa- sF-Un-b- tjm-dq- d-™p.- hm-Wn-Py-h-f¿-®-bv-s°m-∏w- Um≥-k-v ss-‰pw- A-ctß-dn.- jm-thm- an¬- n-∂v- e-`y-am-Ip-∂- F-√m- tk-h--ß-fpw- C-hn-sS-bpw- e-`n-°pw.- ]p-Xn- - kmw-kv-Im-cn-I- h-f¿-®-bv-°pw- C-Ø- en≥- tam-¶v-kv- F-∂- B-tbm-[--I- b- D-]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- t]m-Ãv- s]-bv-Uv- I-W-£-p-Iƒ- H-gn-sI- a-s‰-√m- cw- ta-fIƒ- D-]Im-c{]-Zam-Ip-sa-∂pw- - - - - e,- d-jy≥- A-t{Im-_m-‰n-Iv- Um≥-kv,- tk-h--ß-fpw- C-hn-sS- e-`y-am-Wv.- A-t±-lw- Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.- Sq-dn-kw-˛B- - Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn-se- {]-i-kv-X- Km-b- quot;-quot;-R-ß-fp-sS- F-√m- tk-h--ß-fpw- H-‰-s∏-´- ÿ-e-ß-fn¬- D-≈- D-]-tbm- `y-¥ca{¥n- tIm-Sn-tb-cn- _m-eIr-jv- - - - - I-cm-b- Sn-∏p,- l-cn-Wn,- Pm-kn-Kn-^v-‰v,- ‡m-°fn¬- Iq-Sn- F-Øn-°p-∂Xn-s‚- `m-Kam-bm-Wv- sF-Un-b- t]m-bn-‚ v- tjm- - - - W≥- A-[y-£-X- h-ln-®- tbm-K- _n-Pp-m-cm-bW≥,- hn-Pn-X,- cm-Pe£-v dq-ap-Iƒ- t]m-ep-≈- B-i-b-߃- t{]m-’m-ln-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.- h-en-b- -K-c-ß- - - - Øn¬- d-h-yq-a-{¥n- sI.-]n- cm-tP-{µ- an- Xp-Sßn-bh¿- -bn-®- Km-ta-f- F- fn-se- tjm-dq-ap-I-fn¬- e-`y-am-Ip-∂- tem-I-n-e-hm-c-Øn-ep-≈- F-√m- tk-h- - - - m-bn-cp-∂p- ap-Jy-{]-`m-j-I≥.- ∂n-h- D-ZvLm-S®Sßn-p- sIm-gp-t∏- -ß-fpw- C-t∏mƒ- sN-dn-b- Su-Wp-I-fn¬- D-≈- Cu- D-]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°pw- - - - - - ta-b¿- B¿.- _n-µp,- Fw-F¬-F- In.- A-º-Xn-m-bn-cw- t]¿-°v- H-cp-an- B-kz-Zn-°mw.- tk-h--ß-sf- °p-dn-®v- D-]-tbm-‡m-°-fp-sS- Im-gv-N-∏m-Sv- am- am-cm-b- tX-dºn¬- cm-aIr-jW≥,- _m- - - -v hn.-sI- t_-_n,- tIm¿-]-td-j≥- Iu- ®n-cp-∂p- ]-cn-]m-Sn- ho-£n-°m-p-≈- ‰pw- hn-[am-Wv- ]p-Xn-b- tjm-dqw- cq-]s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv.- tI-cfØn-se-ºm- - - - - - _p- Fw.- ]m-en-ti-cn,- _n.-Un- tZ-h- ¨-kn-e¿- {]-km-Zv,- s^-U-d¬- _m- ku-I-cyw- kw-Lm-S-I¿- H-cp-°n-bn-cp- Sp-am-bn- 50 sF-Un-b- t]m-bn-‚ v- tjm-dq-ap-Iƒ- D-S≥- ÿm-]n-°p-Ibm-Wv- e- - kn,- tXm-akv- D-Æn-bm-S≥,- Sn.-F≥- {]- - ¶v- P--d¬- am-t-P¿- P-K-Zo-i≥,- hym- ∂p.- £yw-''- sF-Un-b- sk-√p-em-dn-s‚- tI-cf- kn.-C.-H- _n.-cm-aIr-jvW- ]-d™p.- - - - - - tI-c-f-Øn-se- {]-Y-a- amw-tKm- Un- hn- Fw- ayq-kn-Iv- I-t^- ‰¬- ayq-kn-Iv- sh≥-Un-Mv- sa- h-bn-se-√mw- H-tc-k-a-bw- G-‰-hpw- ]p-Xn-b- Km- tI-c-f-Øn-se- {]-Y-a- amw- jn≥- D-]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- D- -߃- Hm-t´m-am-‰n-Iv- B-bn- A-]v-tU-‰v- sN-ø- tKm- Un-Pn-‰¬- sh≥-Un-Mv- sa- b¿-∂- Kp-Wta-∑- D-d∏p-¬-Ip- - - s∏-Spw.- Hm-tcm- sa-jn-s‚-bpw- hn¬-∏-- n-co- jn≥- (Un- hn- Fw-)- ayq-kn-Iv- I- ∂p.- n-bam-p-krp-X- sse-k≥- - £n-°p-∂- sk≥-{S¬- sk¿-h¿,- I-º-n-Iƒ- t^- tIm-´-b-Øv- {]-h¿-Ø-w- tkm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b- Un-Pn-‰¬- kw-Ko- °p-≈- tdm-b¬-‰n-bpw- I-W-°m-°pw.- B-cw-`n-®p.- sN-ss∂- B-ÿm- Xw- e-`y-am-°p-∂p.- C-jvSap-≈- - - tIm-´bw- Km-‘n- kvIz-bdn¬- ]-ªn-°v- sse- - - - -am-bp-≈- amw-tKm- Un-Pn-‰¬- Km-߃- Iw-]yq-´dn¬- sk-e- - - {_-dn- a-µn-c-Øn-ep-≈- πm-km- ayq-kn-Iv- thƒ- sh≥-Un-Mv- sa-jn≥- ss{]-h-‰v- IvSv- sN-bvXv- kn-Un-bn-tem,- bp- - - Un¬- kw-ÿm--sØ- {]-Y-a- amw-tKm- Un- hn- en-an-‰Uv˛- s‚- kw-cw-`w- B-Wn- - - F-kv-_n- s]≥-ss{U-hn-tem,- Fw- ayq-kn-Iv- I-t^-bp-sS- D-Zv-Lm-S-w- kv-s]- Xv.- C-jv-S-ap-≈- ]m-´p-Iƒ- kz-¥-am-°n- b-tY-jv- sa-Ω-dn- Im¿-Un-tem,- Fw-]n- 3 sπ-b-dn-tem- dn- j¬- {_m-©v-Un- ssh- F-kv- ]n- ]n.- sI- A- Sw- B-kz-Zn-°m≥- Un- hn- Fw- h-gn- km-[n-°pw.- °m¿-Uv- sN-ømw- F-√m- Km--ß-fpw- {]m-tZ-in- n¬- n¿-∆-ln-®p.- amw-tKm- Un- hn- Fw- ÿm- Un-Pn-‰¬- bp-K-Øn-s‚- h-c-thm-sS,- Un-Pn- I- `m-j-I-fn¬- e-`y-am-°m≥- amw-tKm- Un- hn- ]-I-pw- am-t-Pn-Mv- U-b-d-Iv-S-dp-am-b- B¿.- F- ‰¬- Uu-¨-tem-Un-v- n-b-am-p-krp-X- sse- Fw- C-¥y-bn-se- 200˛-te-sd- ayq-kn-Iv- I-º-n- kv- cmw- Ip-am¿- A-[y-£-X- h-ln-®p.- πm-km- k≥-kp-≈- tjm-dq-ap-Iƒ- A-n-hm-cy-am-bn-´p-s≠- I-fp-am-bn- n-b-am-p-krp-X- sse-k≥-kn-Mv- I- ayq-kn-Iv- thƒ-Uv- am-t-Pn-Mv- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- sXm- ∂v- amw-tKm- Un- hn- Fw- ÿm-]-I-pw- am-t-Pn- cm¿- D-≠m-°n-bn-´p-≠v.- sN-ø-s∏-Spw.- Cw-•o-jv- `m-j- Iq-Sm-sX- a-e- Ωn-°p-™v,- ]m¿-Sv-W¿- tPm-°p-´n- F-∂n-h¿- ]- Mv- U-b-d-Iv-S-dp-am-b- B¿.- F-kv- amw-tKm- Un- hn- Fw-˛-s‚- sse-k≥-kp-≈- bm-fw,- X-an-gv,- sX-ep-¶v,- I-∂-S,- _w-Km-fn- F- s¶-Sp-Øp.- cmw- Ip-am¿- A-dn-bn-®p.- sse-k≥-kv- C-√m- Hu-´v-se-‰n-v- H-cp- km-[m-c-W- t]-gv-k-W¬- Iw- ∂o- B-dp- `m-j-Iƒ- D-]-tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂- hn-[- tKm-]m¬- {io-n-hm-k≥,- B¿.- cmw-cm-P,v - kp- sX- Iw-]yq-´dn¬- Km-߃- ti-Jcn-°p-∂Xpw- - - - - ]yq-´-dn¬- amw-tKm- Un- hn- Fw- tkm-^v-‰v- sh- Øn-em-Wv- amw-tKm- Un- hn- Fw- cq-]-I¬-∏-- tc-jv- I¬-∏m-Øn,- sI.- ]m-≠y-cm-P≥- F-∂n-h- hn¬-°p-∂Xpw- hym-P- kn-n-am- kn-Un-Iƒ- hn¬- - b¿- C≥-Ãmƒ- sN-bvXm¬- am-{Xw- a-Xn.- n-bam- - - sN-bv-Xn-cn-°p-∂-Xv- A-Xn-m¬- {Km-a-ß-fn-se- cm-Wv- I-º-n-bn-se- n-t£-]-I¿.- amw-tKm- Un- °p-∂Xp-t]m-se- Ku-cham-b- Ip-‰Ir-Xy-am-sW- - - - - p-krp-X- sse-k≥-kp-≈- H-cp- e-£w- Km-- tjm-∏p-S-a-bv-°p-t]m-epw- Un- hn- Fw- A-m-bm- hn- Fw- ÿm-]-I-pw- am-t-Pn-Mv- U-b-d-Iv-S-dp- ∂v- `q-cn-]-£w- I-S-bp-S-a-Iƒ-°pw- A-dn-bn-s√- ߃- H-∏w- e-`n-°pw.- kw- {]-h¿-Øn-∏n-°mw.- am-b- B¿.- F-kv- cmw- Ip-am-dn-v- km-t¶-Xn-I- ∂pw- A-t±-lw- ]-d-™p.- F-√m- Km--ß-fpw- Iw-]yq-´¿- lm¿-Uv- Un- D-]-tbm-‡m-hn-v- h-f-sc- s]-s´-∂v- Km-- hn-Zy,- hn-]-W-w,- P--d¬- am-t-Pv-sa-‚ v- t- A-Sp-Ø- H-cp- h¿-j-Øn-p-≈n¬- hn-X-c-W- kv-°n¬- tÃm¿- sN-øp-∂-Xn-m¬- Uu-¨- ߃- I-s≠-Øm≥- {]-tXy-I- _-lp-`m-jm- Io- Xr-Xz- hn-I-k-w- F-∂o- cw-K-ß-fn¬- 20 h¿-j- °m-cpw- hn-]W- ]-¶m-fn-Ifpw- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-∂- B- - - - tem-Un-v- H-´pw- k-a-bw- F-Sp-°m-dn-√.- ]p-Xn-b- t_m¿-Upw- tkm-^‰v- sh-bdp-am-Wv- amw-tKm- Un- v- - sØ- tk-h-- ]-cn-N-b-ap-≠v.- a-s‰m-cp- {]-tam-´- bn-cw- Hu-´v-se-‰p-Iƒ- amw-tKm- Un- hn- Fw- Xp-d- Km-߃-°v- sse-k≥-kv- In-´p-∂- ap-db°v- A- - - v- Pn-‰¬- sh≥-Un-Mv- sa-jn-n¬- D-]-tbm-Kn-®n-cn- dm-b- °p-sa-∂v- B¿.- F-kv- cmw- Ip-am¿- A-dn-bn-®p.- h- hn-]-Wn-bn-ep-≈- Un- hn- Fw-˛-I-fn¬- A-]v- °p-∂-Xv.- hn-]-Wn-bn¬- H-tc- k-a-bw- B-bn-cw- Fw.- Sn- Zo-]-Iv- c-ta-jv- sF-‰n- skm-eq-j≥- t]-gv-k-W¬- Iw-]yq-´¿- A-[n-jv-Tn-X- Un-Pn- tU-‰v- Un- hn- Fw- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂p-s≠-¶n¬- A- B¿-In-sS-Iv‰pw- I-¨kƒ-´‚p-am-Wv.- - - -
  • 15. D-Xv-]-∂w- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 15˛31 15 t{]m-U-Iv-Sv- sse≥- ko-t°m-bp-sS- B¿-Iv-Sp-d- I-f-£≥- tm-°n-b-bn¬- n-∂v- ]p-Xn-b- ko- t°m- hm-®v- A-h-cp-sS- B¿-Iv-Sp-d- C-Xn-s‚- {]-tXy-IXbm-Wv.- - - I-f-£≥- C-¥y≥- hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d-°n.- ssI- -‰n-Iv- t{Im-tWm-{Km-^v- Im-en-_¿- 9 Sn- 82,- ssI-‰n-I-v t{Im-tWm-{Km-^-v Im-en-_¿- 7F¬- - k-abIr-Xy-Xbn¬- B-bp-jIm-ew- hn-iz- - - - v- kn-°m-hp-∂- 7F¬- 22 tam-U¬- A-Xn-s‚- cq-]Iev]bn-epw- an-Ihv- ]p-e¿-Øp-∂p.- _- - - - - - - tm-°n-b-bn¬- n-∂v- ayq-kn-°v- t^m-Wp-Iƒ- ]p-e-s∏-Sp-Øm-hp-∂- sa-Ω-dn- X-c- k-hn-ti-jXIƒ- Cu- tam- - - 22 F-∂o- tam-U-ep-I-fm-Wv- ko-t°m- hm-®-v C-¥ym- ss{]- ]p-Xn-b- c-≠p- ayq-kn-°v- t^m- F-∂o- {]-tXy-IXIfp-≠v.- - - - U-en-s- P--{]n-b-am-°m≥- h-‰v- en-an-‰-Uv- am-t-Pnw-Mv- Wp-Iƒ- Iq-Sn.- tm- °n-b- 5320 6000 Km--߃- ti-J-cn- t]m-∂hbm-W.v - - - U-b-d-Œ¿- A-‰v-kp-jn- I-n- F-Ik{]-k-v ayq-kn-I,v - tm-°n- -v -v °m-hp-∂- 8 Pn- F-hn-sS-t∏m-Ip-tºm-gpw- tIm- hn-]-Wn-bn¬- A-h-X- b- 5220 F-Iv-kv-{]-kv- ayq-kn- {]n-b- kw-Ko-Xw- H-∏w- sIm-≠p- cn-∏n-®-Xv.- Iv- F-∂o- tam-Uep-Ifm-Wv- I- - - t]m-Im≥- k-lm-bn-°p-∂- tam- I-am-- B-Ir-Xn-bp-sS- º-n- ]p-Xp-Xm-bn- hn-]-Wn-bn- U-em-Wv- 5220 F-Ik{]-kayq- v- v- v- (B¿-Iv-)- I-a-o-b-X-bm-Wv- se-Øn-®Xv.-- kn-Iv.- 24 a-Wn-°q¿- tπ-_m- B¿-INp-d- tam-Uep-Ifp-sS- v- - - A-Xp-ey-am-b- kw-Ko-Xm-p- °v- ssSw,- 3.-5 an-an- Hm-Un-tbm- B-I¿-j-Wo-b-X.- hr-Øm- `-hw- ]-I-cp-∂- 3Pn- t^m-Wm- Pm-°v- ku-I-cy-ß-fp-≠v.- 1500 Ir-Xn-bn¬- D-≈n¬- A-©v- Wv- 5320 F-Iv-kv-{]-kv- ayq-kn- Km--߃- ti-J-cn-°m- hp-∂- U-bep-Ifp-≈- Im-en-_¿- 9 - - Iv.- B¿-´n-Ãn-s‚-tbm- B¬-_- _ n - 2Pn-_n- ssa-t{Im- F-kv-Un- Sn- 82 tam-U¬- 500 F-Æ- Øn-s‚-tbm- t]-cp- ]-d™m¬- - s s a - Im¿-U,v - 2 sa-Km- ]n-Ik¬- Im- -v Øn-s‚- en-an-‰-Uv- F-Un-j- B- Km-w- tIƒ-°m-hp-∂- quot;-tk- t{Im-F- a-d,- 5 a-Wn-°q- ¿- tSm-°v-ssSw- m-Wv- ]p-d-Øn-d-°n-bn-´p-≈-Xv.- I-º-n-bp- ´-Wp-I-fp-sS- B-I¿-j-I-Xz-hpw- sI-bv-kn-s‚- B-‚ v- tπ-'- k-hn-ti-j-X-tbm- k v - U n - Xp-Sßn-b- k-hn-ti-jXIfp-≠-v - - - - sS- B-[n-Im-cn-I-X-°m-bn- {]-kn-U-‚ v- jn≥- h-i-ß-fn-se- A-Xn-s‚- ÿm--hp-am-Wv- F- sS-bm-Wv- Cu- tam-U¬- F- Im¿-Uv,- F- Cu- tam-U-en-v.- hn-e-:- tm- Pn- l-t´m-dn- -ev-Ip-∂- k¿-´n-^n-°-‰pw- Cu- Sp-Øp-]-d-tb-≠- k-hn-ti-j-X.- Øp-∂-Xv.- 24 a-Wn-°q¿- tπ- ^v-Fw- td-Un-tbm,- ªq-Sq-Øv- °n-b- 5320 F-Ik{]-kayq-kn- -v -v -v hm-®n-sm-∏ap-≠v.- sa-°m-n-kØn-se- Ir-Xy- - - B¿-Iv-Sp-d- tam-U-ep-Iƒ-s°m-∏w- kv- _m-°v- ssSw,- 3.-5.-an-an- Hm-Un- Ão-cn-tbm- Hm-Un-tbm,- 2 sa-Km- Iv-:- 11,- 579 cq-],- tm-°n-b- X-bpw- _-bdn-ßp-Iƒ- n¿-an-°m≥- 38 am-Wn- - t]m¿-Sp-d,- sh-em-Sp-d- F-∂o- tam-U-ep-I-fpw- tbm- Pm-°v,- ssh-˛ss^- i-_v- - ]n-Ivk¬- Im-ad,- aq-∂p- a- Wn- 5220 F-Iv-kv-{]- kv-ayq-kn-Iv-:- - - Iy- I-√p-Iƒ- D-]tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂Xpw- - - {]-ap-J- hm-®v- I-S-I-fn¬- e-`y-am-Wv.- Z- Xo-{h-X,- 8.-Pn-_n- h-sc- hn- °q¿- tSm-IssSw- Xp-Sßn-b- C- 8939 cq-].- -v - c-‡-Øn-se- ]-©-km-c-bp-sS- A-f-hv- ssa-t{Im-tkm-^v-‰v- _n-kn--k-v n¿-W-bn-°m≥ D-]-I-c-Ww- sN sk¿-h¿- t{i-Wn- -dp-In-S- C-S-Ø-cw- _n-kn--k-v ÿm-]--߃-°v- I- P-∏m-n-se- B¿-t°- C≥- sW-∂-v ]n-ca¬- {Kq-∏-v No-^-v Hm-∏td-‰nw-K-v Hm-^o-k¿- F≥.- - - ºyq-´dp-Iƒ- Iq-Sp-X¬- ^-e{]-Zam-bn- D-]tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥- - - - - - tIm¿-∏-td-‰-Upw- apw-ss_- tI-{µ- k-¥m-w- ]-d-™p.- quot;-Hm-t´m- tIm-Unw-Kv-',- quot;-dn-kƒ-´v- ^v- k-lm-bIam-b- ]-cn-jv°cn-®- _n- - - - - am-b- ]n-c-a¬- sl¬-Øv- sI-b¿- fm-Knw-Kv'- F-∂n-h- Cu- D-]IcWØn-s‚- {]-tXy-IXI- - - - - - - - kn--k-v sk¿-h¿- t{i-Wn- ssa- en-an-‰Upw- tN¿-∂p-≈- kw-bp-‡- - fm-Wv.- Hm-t´m- tIm-Unw-Kv- B-b-Xn-m¬- A-f-hv- ssI- t{Im-tkm-^‰-v A-hXcn-∏n-®p.- h≥- -v - - kw-cw-`am-b- B¿-t°- ]n-ca¬- sa- - - sIm-≠v- n-Ps∏-Sp-tØ-≠Xn-√.- A-Xn-m¬- ]-©km- - - - In-S- I-º-n-Iƒ- D-]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp- Un-°¬- ss{]-h-‰v- en-an-‰-Uv- G-‰- c-bp-sS- A-f-hv- n¿-W-bn-°p-∂-Xv- sX-‰v- kw-`-hn-°p- Øp-∂- co-Xn-bn-ep-≈- F-‚¿-ss{]- hpw- hn-e-Ip-d-™-Xpw- A-tX-k-a- I-bp-an-√.- kv- sk¿-h¿- kw-hn-[m-߃- sN- - bw- km-t¶-Xn-IØn-Ihp-ap-≈Xp-am- - - - `-£-W-Øn-v- ap-ºpw- ti-j-hpw- F-Sp-°p-∂- dp-In-S- C-S-Ø-cw- ta-J-e-bn-ep-≈- b- {]-ta-l-n¿-W-b- D-]-I-c-Ww- c-‡-Øn-se- ]-©-km-c-bp-sS- A-f-hv- tc-J-s∏-Sp- h¿-°pw- {]m-]y-hpw- D-]-tbm-‡r- hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d-°n.- quot;-•q-t°m- Im¿ Øm≥- {]-tXy-Iw- kv-sI-bn¬- D-≈-Xn-m¬- C-h- ku-lr-Z-hpw- B-°p-∂-Xn-m-Wv- -Uv- 01 ˛- an-n-'- F-∂- Cu- D-]-I-c-Ww- ]-ckv]cw- am-dn-t∏m-In-√.- C-Xn-s-bm-Wv- dn-kƒ- - - - ]-cn-jv-°-cn-®- t{i-Wn- ]p-d-Øn-d- c- ‡ - Ø n- s e- ]- © - k m- c - b p- s S- A- ´v- ^v-fm-Knw-Kv- F-∂p- ]-d-bp-∂-Xv.- 0.-3 ssa-t{Im- °p-∂sX-∂-v ssa-t{Im-tkm-^‰-v C- - -v f-hv- kz-bw- n¿-W-bn-°m≥- k-lm-b-I- en-‰¿- c-‡w- am-{Xw- ]-cn-tim-[--°m-bn- F-Sp- ¥y- {Kq-∏v- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- cm-Po-hv- an- am-Wv.- Øm¬- a-Xn-sb-∂-Xn-m¬- th-Z-- Xo-sc- A- ج- ]-d-™p.- •q-t°m- Im¿-Uv- 01 ˛- an-n- D-]-tbm- p-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂n-√.- 75 I-ºyq-´-dp-Iƒ- h-sc- ^-e- Kn-®v- e-fn-Xam-b- aq-∂v- Np-hSp-Ifn-eq-sS- G- - - - 888 cq-]- hn-e-bp-≈- quot;-•q-t°m- Im¿-Uv- 01 {]-Z-am-bn- am-t-Pv- sN-øp-hm≥- F-kv.-_n.-F-kv- 2008 D-]-tbm- gp- sk-°-‚ v- sIm-≠v- c-‡-Øn-se- ]-©- ˛- an-n-'- {]-ap-J- sa-Un-°¬- tjm-∏p-I-fn¬- K-s∏-Sp-Ømw.- 300 I-ºyq-´dp-Iƒ-°v- A-p-tbm-Py-am-b- C.-_n.- - km-c-bp-sS- A-f-hv- Xn-´-s∏-Sp-Øm-hp-∂-Xm- e-`y-am-Wv.- F-kv- 2008 C-tXm-sSm-∏w- ]p-d-Øn-d-°n-bn-´p-≠v.- I-e- S-tbm-´- ¢m-kn-Iv-kv- kw-Ko-X-°-t®-cn- B-Zy-am-bn- C-¥y-bn¬- S-tbm-´- In¿-tem-kvI¿- tam- - ∏n-°p-∂Xn¬- k-t¥m-jap-s≠- t{]m-’m-ln-∏n-°m-pw- S-tbm-´- - - ≠v- 52.-6 tIm-Sn- cq-]- k-am-lcn-®v- - t´m¿- tIm¿-∏td-‰-v km-aq-ln-I- {]- - ∂v- S-tbm-´- In¿-tem-kv-°¿- tam- F-∂pw- {i-≤- sN-ep-Øn-bn-cp-∂p- hn-hn-[- km-aq-ln-It£-a- ]-≤Xn- - - Xn-_≤Xm- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifp-sS- `m-K- - - - t´m¿- am-t-Pnw-Kv- U-bdIS¿- F- sh-∂v- A-t±-lw- ]-d™p.- - - v- - Iƒ-°m-bn- D-]tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂p.- C- - D-X]∂ßsf- IqSp-X¬- -v - - - am-bn- C-¥y-bn¬- B-Zy-am-bn- S- ®v.- m-IKm-h- ]-d™p.- km-aq-ln- - - I-gn-™- ]-Øp- h¿-jØn-n- - Xn-s‚- Xp-S¿-®bm-bm-Wv- S-tbm-´- - tbm-´- ¢m-kn-Ik-v F-∂- t]-cn¬- -v ¢m-kn-Ik-v hm¿-jn- ]-cn-]m-Sn.- Cu- -v P-]£tØ-b°-v - - -v hm¿-jn-I- kmw-kIm-cn-I- ]-cn-]m- -v bn-sS- C-¥y-bn-se- kmw-kvIm-cn- - Sn- kw-L-Sn-∏n-®p.- tem-I-{]-i-kv- I- tI-{µ-am-b- apw-s_-bn¬- tPm- F-Øn-°p-hm≥- X- ]n-∂Wn-Ifp-am-bn- S-tbm-´- ¢m- - - hm≥- kvt{Sm-k,v - {^m≥-k-v se-l¿- - kn-Iv- kw-Ko-X°t®-cn-Ifn-eq-sS- - - - F-∂n-h¿- hn-b∂- Hm-∏td- Hm¿-°- - - t{Im-ktdm-Un-se- -v Nm-cn-‰n- kw-LSIƒ-°m-bn- ^- - - - kv{S-bp-sS- A-IºSn-tbm-sS- ]-cn- - - - quot;t{]m-UIS-v sse≥'- - -v ≠v- kz-cq-]n-°p-∂Xn-m-bn- e-£y- - ]m-Sn-Iƒ- A-hXcn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p.- {]- - - an-´v- B-cw-`n-®Xm-Wv- S-tbm-´- ¢m- - ap-J- h-b-en≥- hn-Zzm-m-b- tUm.- k-lm-bn-°p-∂p.- kn-Ikv.- G-jy-bn-se-ºm-Sp-am-bn- v- F¬.- kp-{_-“Wy-s‚- I-t®-cn-bp-- 36 Nm-cn-‰n- ]-≤-Xn-Iƒ-°m-bn- I- ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- gn-™- 17 h¿-jØn-n-sS- 141 kw- - n-cm-ew-_cm-b- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- - Ko-Xta-fIfn-eq-sS- 628 Z-ie£w- - - - - - kv{Xo-Iƒ-°pw-th-≠n- {]-h¿-Øn- - sb≥- A-Yhm- G-Xm-≠v- 30 tIm- - °p-∂- k¿-°m-cn-X-c- kw-L-S-- Sn- cq-]- kz-cq-]n-®n-cp-∂p.- bm-b- tk-hv- Z- Nn¬-{U≥- F-∂- Cu- ]w‡n-bn¬- D-X]∂ßsf- ]-cn-Nbs∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥- -v - - - - - G-jy-bn-se- im-k{Xo-b- kw- -v kw-L-S--bv-°p-th-≠n-bm-bn-cp- _-‘s∏Sp-I:- - Ko-Xkvt-ln-Ifp-sS- {]n-bs∏-´- - - - - ∂p- Cu- ]-cn-]m-Sn.- ]-Xn-©p- e- - hm¿-jn-I- kw-Ko-X]cn-]m-Sn-bm-bn- - - £w- cq-]- kw-LSb°m-bn- k- - - - v- S-tbm-´- ¢m-kn-Ik-v am-dn-°gn-™p.--v - am-lcn-®p.- - F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-h-v F-Un-‰¿- -v Cu- h¿-jw- Xm-be≥-U,v - a-te-jy,- -v km-aq-ln-I{]-Xn-_≤Xm- ]-cn- - - - t{Im-ktdm-U-v -v ^n-en-∏o≥-kv,- {_q-ssW,- sX-bv- ]m-Sn-bp-sS- `m-Kam-bn- S-tbm-´- tk- - ]n.-_n- -º¿-:- 4238 hm≥,- hn-b-‰v-mw,- ku-Øv- sIm- S-tbm-´- ¢m-kn-Ivkn¬- h-ben≥- hn-Zzm-m-b- tUm.- F¬.- kp-{_-“- - - ^v‰n- F-Pyq-t°-j≥- t{]m-{Kmw,- S- - Wy-s‚- I-t®-cn.- sN-dp-]p-j]w- se-bv≥,- Ieq¿- ]n.-H,- v- dn-b- F-∂n-hn-S߃-°p- ti-jam- - - tbm-´- sS-Iv-n-°¬- F-Pyq-t°- sIm-®n-˛682 017.- tI-c-f-w-,- C-¥-y.- Wv- S-tbm-´- ¢m-kn-Iv-kv- C-¥y- j≥- t{]m-{Kmw,- S-tbm-´- sS-Iv-n- e-mail : karikkampallil@gmail.com bn-se-Øp-∂X.v - - I,- kmw-kvIm-cn-I- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- S-bn¬- km-aq-ln-I{]-Xn-_≤Xm- - - - - °¬- s{S-bn-nw-K-v C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´-v F- S-tbm-´- ¢m-kn-Ik-v ]-cn-]m-Sn- -v °v- F-∂pw- ]n-¥p-W- -eIm-pw- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifp-sS- `m-Kam-bn- S-tbm- v- - - ∂n-hbpw- S-tbm-´- In¿-tem-k°¿- - -v C-¥y-bn¬- B-Zy-am-bn- A-hXcn- - - ss-k¿-Ko-I-am-b- I-gn-hp-I-sf- ´- In¿-tem-k°¿- tam-t´m¿- G-Xm- -v tam-t´m¿- -SØp-∂p-≠.v - -
  • 16. cmyk CROSSROAD 2008 December 15-31 16 KERML-12303/11/1/2005-TCM 6/59746/2004. Y Edited, Printed and Published by Michael Varghese on behalf of Crossroad, P.B.No:4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Near Pottakkuzhy Little Flower Church, Kaloor P.O., Kochi-682017, Kerala, India and Printed by him at Cherrys Printers, LFC Road, Kaloor, Kochi-682 017. Y Managing Editor: Michael Varghese Y Executive Editor: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil Y Mobile: +91 9847738883 Y Email: editor.crossroad@gmail.com cmyk