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Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 01 2008 Dec 01-14
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Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 01 2008 Dec 01-14

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Crossroad. Malayalam Fortnightly Published from Kochi, Kerala, India. Address: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil, Executive Editor, Crossroad, P.B.No: 4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Kaloor P.O., ...

Crossroad. Malayalam Fortnightly Published from Kochi, Kerala, India. Address: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil, Executive Editor, Crossroad, P.B.No: 4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Kaloor P.O., Kochi-682017, Kerala, India. E-mail: karikkampallil@gmail.com Mobile: + 91 9847738883

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    Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 01 2008 Dec 01-14 Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 01 2008 Dec 01-14 Document Transcript

    • cmyk hm¿- Ø - I ƒ - m - e p- ] m- S p- n- ∂ p- w - 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 I sIm-®n- I ]p-kv-X-Iw- 03 I e-°-w- 01 I t]-Pv- 16 I hn-e- 10 cq-]- sdbn¬th ss{S_yp-W-en¬ sRmSn-bn-S-bn¬ Imcy-߃ tXmakv aØmbn Icn-°w-]-≈n¬ ! t^mt´m-:- F.-F-kv.-k-Xo-jv- sabn≥ tÃmdn aq-∂mw- t]-Pn¬- kzm-an-Z¿-i-w-...- ]p-Wy-Z¿-i-w- in-hs ]n-Sn-® in- ]p-Xn-b- e-°w- Zn-eo-]n-s‚- `m-hn- Kpcp-hm-bq¿- G-Im-Z-in- hn-]-Wnbn-te-°v- crossroad graphics kz-]vw- Im-Wp-tºmƒ- ^ew Iq-Sn- Adn-bt≠...?- - cmyk
    • 2 2 ^m-j-≥- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 emIvsa ^mj≥ ho°n¬ ln- k¨kn¬°v ssì µp-ÿm≥- bq-Wn-en-h¿- en-an-‰- I-fm-W-v k-¨kn¬-°-v A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂- - - - Un-s‚- {]o-an-bw- sl-b¿- sI-b¿- {_m≥- Xv.- B-tKm-f- {]-ikX- sl-b¿- Un-ssk- - -v Uv- k-¨kn¬-°-v A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂- k- - - - ¿- B≥-{Uq- t_mƒ-´-pw,- {]-i-kv-X- ¨-kn¬-°v- ssì- em-Iv-sa- ^m-j≥- C-¥y≥- sl-b¿- Un-ssk-¿- -tc-{µ ho-°n¬- {i-≤m-tI-{µ-am-bn.- t_m-fn-hp-U-v -Ip-am-dpw- tN¿-∂m-Wv- Cu- ]p-Xn-b- Xm-cw- {]n-b¶m- tNm-{],- kq-∏¿- tam-U¬- - k-¨kn¬-°-v tam-Uep-Iƒ- A-hXcn-∏n- - - - - ap-K[- tKm-Usk,- -Sn- I-¶W- dm-hØv- v- v- - - ®-X.v - F-∂n-hcm-W-v k-¨kn¬-°-v sl-b¿-^m- - - k-¨-kn¬-°v- ssì- A-p-`-h- j≥- tjm-bv°m-bv- dmw-]n¬- A-Wn-n-c- - Øn-m-bn- C-¥y-sbm-´m-sI-bp-≈- Pm- ∂-X.v - th-Zv- l-_o-_v- k-eq-Wp-I-fn-se- k-¨- kvsS-bn-‰v- B≥-Uv- …o-°v,- tIƒ-kv- - kn¬-°v- ssì- Ãp-Un-tbm- k-µ¿-in- B≥-Uv- th-hkv,- se-tb-Uv- B≥-Uv- sS- v- °m-hp-∂-Xm-sW-∂v- I-º-n- h-‡m-hv- IvktN-Uv- F-∂n-ßs- aq-∂p- ssÃ-ep- - v- - kq-Nn-∏n-®p.- eIvkv tjmssSw {ioim¥v -{i≤m-tI{µw a -e-bm-fn- {In-°-‰v- Xm-cw- {io-im- kv- tjm-ssSw- dmw-]n¬- Np-hSp-h®Xv.- - - - ¥v- ^m-j≥- tem-I-Øpw- {i-≤- t-Sp- e-Ivkv- tjm-ssS-an¬- ]-s¶-Sp-Øv- - ∂p.- apw-ss_-bn¬- em-Ivsa- ^m-j≥- - dmw-]n¬- Np-hSp-h®X-v a-d°m≥- ]-‰m-Ø- - - - - ho-°n¬- kp-{]-kn-≤- Un-ssk-¿- hn- A-p-`ham-bn- F-∂-v {io-im-¥-v ]-d™p.- - - - {Iw- ^m-Un-kn-s‚- e-Ik-v tjm-ssSw- -v -v {In-°‰-v t]m-se- X-s∂- r-Øhpw- - - I-eIj≥- - -v h-g-ßp-∂- {io-im-¥v- A-ßn-s- C- A-hXcn-∏n-®- {io-im-¥-v t_m-fn-hp- - - ¥y≥- •m-a¿- tem-I-Øn-se- ]p-Ø≥- Uv- •m-a¿- tem-IØn-s‚- {i-≤m-tI-{µ- - Xm-cam-hp-Ibm-W.v - B-kzm-ZIsc- Io-g- - - - - am-bn.- sX-∂n-¥y≥- N-e®n-{X-Xm-cw- {in- - S-°p-∂- {]-ISam-W-v e-Ik-v tjm-ssS- -- - -v b- i-cWn-sm-∏am-Wv- {io-im-¥v- e-Iv- - - an¬- {io-im-¥-v Im-gNh®Xpw.- -v - - - s{S≥-Uv- s_≥-kn-e- IÆo-cn-pw- ku-µcyw- I Æo-cWn-™ s]Æn-s‚ ku-µcy- ajn- IÆgIn-p-]p-dta IÆn-eWn-bm≥- IÆp-o¿- Sbn¬- {In-k‰ep-Ifpw- a‰pw- IÆp-o¿-Øp-≈n-Ifm- -v IÆSbv-°p-tºm-gpw- Xp-d°p-tºm-gpw- AXn- sØ∏‰n- Ihn-Iƒ- ]m-Sn-bn-´p-≠.v - F∂m¬- AXn- B`cWhpw-! CXWn-™ kp-µcn-sb s]s´∂v- Im- bn- Xq-ßn-°n-S°pw.- sm- ∏ w- se≥- k pw- Nen- ° pw.- a‰v - Akz s‚ I®hSkm-[y-XIsf∏‰n- Bcm-bp-Ibm-W-v Wm≥- Ahƒ- Icbp-Ibm-sW∂p- tXm-∂p-as{X! IÆn-s‚ kp-c£ Cu- B`cWw- Dd∏p- kvYXIfp-an-√.- hn-etbdn-b IÆp-o¿- AWn- - - U®v- Un-sskdm-b Fdn-Iv- ¢m-c≥-_oI-v.- Icn- tIm¨-Sm-Iv-‰v- se≥-kn-tm-Sv- _‘n-∏n-®p-≈ m- ¬-Ip-∂p-sh∂m-Wv- Un-sskdp-Ifp-sS ]£w.- bp-t∂m?-
    • sabn≥ kv-t‰m-dn- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 3 B¿k-n-Sn-bn¬- jvS-]-cn-lmc DØ-chv F-{X-bpw- s]-s´-∂v- tIm- SXn-Ifn¬- tI-kp-Iƒ- Ip-∂p-Iq-Sn- In-S°p-tºmƒ- F-d- - - - bn¬-th- C≥-^¿-ta-j≥- kn-ÃØn-s‚- (kn-B¿-sF-Fk)- ta¬-tm- - - -v N-c-°v- I-S-Øv- kw-_-‘-am-b- tI-kp-I-fn¬- N-c-°v- -jv-S-s∏-´- Wm-Ip-fw- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- ss{S-_yp-W¬- A-Xn-s-Xn-tc- am- ´-Øn-em-Wn-X.v - kvYetam- F-Øn-t®-tc-≠- kvYetam- _p-°-v sN-bX- kvYetam- s_- - - - - - - -v - - - Xr-I- Im-´p-∂p.- tc-JIƒ- F-√mw- Ir-Xy-am-bn-´p-≈Xm-W-v k-a¿-∏n-°p- - - s{S-bn≥- A-]-I-S-ß-fn-epw- s{S-bn-p-am-bn- _-‘-s∏-´- A-]-I-S- ©n-s‚- ]-cn-[n-°p-≈n-em-bn-cn-°Ww.- -jvS]cn-lm-cØn-p-≈- A- - - - - - ∂-sX-¶n¬- H-cp- Zn-hkØn-p-≈n¬- n-bam-p-kr-Xap-≈- -jS]cn- - - - - -v - - ß-fn-epw- Dƒ-s∏-´hbv°pw- A-hcp-sS- A-¥cm-hIm-in-°pw- th-K- - - - - - - - t]-£Iƒ- aq-∂-v h¿-jØn-Iw- k-a¿-∏n-®n-cn-°Ww.- - - - - lm-cØp-Ib°p-≈- D-Øch-v ]p-ds∏-Sp-hn-°p-∂Xm-sW-∂-v Pp-Uo-jy¬- - - -v - - - - Øn¬- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- ¬-Ip-I- F-∂- e-£y-tØm-sS-bm-Wv- sd- A-]IS- -jvS]cn-lm-c- tI-kp-Iƒ-°v- ^o-kn-√.- F-∂m¬- N-c- - - - - - Aw-Kw- C.-cm-P- cm-a≥.- Sn-°‰pw- {]-Ya- hn-hc- dn-t∏m¿-´pw- B-W-v C-Xn- - - - bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-k-v ss{S-_yq-W¬- (B¿-kn-Sn-)- cq-]o-Ir-Xam-bX.v - sd- - - °v- I-SØ-v tI-kp-Iƒ-°-v sd-bn¬-th- ss¢w-k-v ss{S-_yq-W¬- B-I-v - v- A-Xym-hiyw- th-≠p-∂- tc-JIƒ.- p-dp- Zn-hkØn-p-≈n¬- 2008 - - - - bn¬-th- bm-{X-°m-tc-bpw- πm-‰vt^m-dw- Sn-°‰v- tlmƒ-U¿-am-tc-bpw- - - Sv- ˛- 1987 {]-Im-cap-≈- ^o-kv- sI-´n-hbt°-≠Xm-Wv.- - - v- - P-p-hcn- ap-X¬- H-ItSm-_¿- h-sc- ^-b¬- sN-bXn-´p-≈- A-t]-£I- - -v -v - sd-bn¬-th- C≥-jz¿- sN-øp-∂p-≠v.- s{S-bn≥- A-]-I-S-ß-fn¬-s]-Sp- I-gn-™- 19 h¿-jam-bn- I-Sep-≠n- s{S-bn≥- B-Ikn-U‚ v- tI-k- - - v- - quot; fn¬- F-√mw- Xo¿-∏p-Ie∏n-°m-pw- ss{S-_yq-W¬- {i-an-°pw.- - v- ∂- bm-{X-°m-cpw- s{S-bn-n¬- k-©-cn-°p-tºmƒ- sd-bn¬-th-bp-sS- S-°w- q-dp-IW°n--v tI-kp-Iƒ-°-v F-dWm-Ip-fw- s_-©-v Xo¿-∏-v I¬- - - - {]-h¿-Øßfn-ep-≈- t]m-cm-baaq-ew- kw-`hn-°p-∂- A-]IS߃,- - - - -v - - - - - ]n-°p-Ibp-≠m-bn.- s]m-Xp-P{i-≤- B-I¿-jn-°s∏-´- ]-e- tI-kp-I- - - - - I-em-]߃,- t_mw-_-v kvt^m-S߃,- Xo-{h-hm-Zn- B-{I-aWw- Xp-S- - - - - - fpw- C-Xn¬-s]-Sp-∂p.- tI-kp-Iƒ- th-KØn¬- Xo¿-∏p-I¬-∏n-°p-∂Xn¬- - - ßn-bhbpw- πm-‰t^mw,- sh-bn-‰nw-Kv- lmƒ,- Sn-°‰v- _p-°nw-Kv- Hm-^o- - - v- - Cu- s_-©v- h-fsc-tb-sd- {i-≤n-°p-∂p.- F-∂m¬- Cu- kw-hn-[m-- - ! s{S-bn≥- A-]-I-S-ß-fn-epw- s{S-bn-p-am-bn- _- ‘-s∏-´- A-]-I-S-ß-fn-epw- Dƒ-s∏-´-h-bv-°pw- A-h-cp-sS- A--¥-cm-h-Im-in-°pw- th-K-Øn¬- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- ¬-Ip-I- F-∂- e-£y-tØm- sS-bm-Wv- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- ss{S-_yq-W¬- (B¿-kn-Sn-)- cq-]o-Ir-X-am-b-Xv.- ! tc-J-Iƒ- F-√mw- Ir-Xy-am-bn-´p-≈-Xm-Wv- k-a¿-∏n- °p-∂-sX-¶n¬- H-cp- Zn-h-k-Øn-p-≈n¬- n-b- am-p-kr-X-ap-≈- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-c-Øp-I.- ! s{S-bn-n¬- n-∂p- ho-Wp- a-cn-°p-∂-h-cp-sS- B- {in-X¿-°pw- ]-cn-t°¬-°p-∂-h¿-°pw- F-{X- bpw- th-Kw- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-c-Øp-I- F-Øn-°m- p-≈- {i-a-Øn-s‚- `m-K-am-bn- sl¬-]v- sse≥- kv,- dn-k¿-th-j≥- Hm-^o-kv- Xp-Sßn-b- kvYeßfn¬-h®p-≠m-Ip-∂- - - - - - - sØ-°p-dn-®v- A-ht_m-[an-√m-ba- Im-cWw- ]-et∏m-gpw- tI-kp-Iƒ- - - v- - - sU-kv-Iv- {]-h¿-Ø--am-cw-`n-®p.- - A-]-I-S-ß-fpw- C-Xn-s‚- ]-cn-[n-bn¬- h-cp-∂p.- sd-bn¬-th- h-gn- _p- c-Pn-k‰¿- sN-øs∏-Sm-sX- t]m-Ip-∂p.- A¿-lXbp-≈h¿-°v- -jS]- v- - - - - v- - °v- sN-øp-∂- km-[߃- -jSs∏-Sp-Itbm- `m-Kn-Iam-bn- -in-°p- - - v- - - - cn-lm-cw- hm-ßm≥- I-gn-bm-sX-bpw- t]m-Ip-∂p.- I-tbm- sN-øp-∂Xn-v- sd-bn¬-th- ¬-Ip-∂- -jvS]cn-lm-cw- A-]- - - - - sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-k-v ss{S-_yp-Wen-s‚- F-dWm-Ip-fw- s_-©-v - - cym-]vXam-sW-∂p- tXm-∂n-bm¬- I-£n-Iƒ-°v- Cu- ss{S-_yq-Wen- - - - F-dWm-Ip-fw- U¿-_mƒ-lm-fn-p- k-ao-]ap-≈- tXm-´b°m-´-v lu-kn- - - - -v s{S-bn-n¬- n-∂p- ho-Wp- a-cn-°p-∂hcp-sS- B-{in-X¿-°pw- ]-cn- - - s- k-ao-]n-°m-hp-∂Xm-W.v - - em-Wv- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂Xv.- (tXm-´bv°m-´v- lu-kv,- Un.-F®v.- tdm-Uv,- - - - - t°¬-°p-∂h¿-°pw- F-{X-bpw- th-Kw- -jS]cn-lm-cØp-I- F-Øn- - -v - - - A-]ISßfn¬- a-cWaSbp-∂h¿-°v- m-ep- e-£w- cq-]bpw- A- - - - - - - - - - - F-d-Wm-Ip-fw-˛-682016.- sS-en-t^m-¨-:- 0484˛-2362136.- C-˛-sa-bn¬-:- r-c- °m-p-≈- {i-a-Øn-s‚- `m-K-am-bn- sl¬-]v- sse≥- sU-kv-Iv- {]-h¿- ]-ISØn¬- s]-Sp-∂h¿-°-v A-Xn-s‚- Xo-{h-Xbp-kcn-®-v 32,-000 cq-]- - - - - - - ter-s@-dataon-e.-in-)- - - Ø-am-cw-`n-®n-´p-≠v.- A-t]-£I¿-°v- t-cn-´v- ss{S-_yp-Wen-s- k- - - - ap-X¬- m-ep- e-£w- cq-]- h-sc-bpw- -jS]cn-lm-cw- ¬-Ip-hm≥- hy- -v - - ss{S-_yq-Wen¬- c-≠p- sa-º¿-am-cm-Wp-≈Xv.- Pp-Uo-jy-epw- sS- - - ao-]n-°mw.- C-Sn-e°m-cp-sS- B-hiy-an-√.- ss{S-_yq-Wen-s‚- {]-h¿- - - - - h-kYsN-øp-∂p.- A-]ISØn¬- a-cn-®hcp-sS- A-¥cm-hIm-in-Iƒ- -v - - - - - - - - - Ivn-°epw.- Pp-Uo-jy¬- sa-º¿- B-bn- C.- cm-P- cm-a≥- {]-h¿-Øn-®p- - - Ø-sØ-°p-dn-®v- ]-e¿-°pw- A-dn-hn-√m-ØXn-m¬- ]-cm-Xn-Ifp-sS- - - - t°m,- ]-cp-t°-‰h¿-t°m- -jS]cn-lm-cØn-m-bn- A-t]-£n-°m-hp- - -v - - - h-cp-∂p.- sS-In-°¬- sa-º¿- t]m-k‰-v H-gn-™p-In-S°p-Ibm-W.v - -v -v - - F-Æw- Ip-dhm-W.v - ]-{X-ßfn¬- Zn-htk-- Im-Wp-∂- s{S-bn≥- A-]I- - - - - ∂-Xm-Wv.- A-t]-£I¿-°v- t-cn-t´m- A-`n-`m-jI≥- ap-tJ-tbm- tI- - - - H-cp- kn-hn¬- tIm-S-Xn-bp-sS- F-√m- A-[n-Im-c-ß-fpw- Cu- ss{S- S-ßfp-sS- tXm-Xp-h®v- ss{S-_yp-Wen¬- ]-cm-Xn- F-Øp-∂n-√.- Z-cn-{Z- - - - kv- ^-b¬- sN-ømw.- A-]ISw- -S∂- H-cp- h¿-jØn-Iw- tI-kv- ^- - - - - - _yq-Wen-p-≠.v - C-Xn-s‚- hn-[n-s°-Xn-cm-b- A-∏o-ep-Iƒ- ssl-t°m- - cpw- n-c£ccpw- th-≠{X- A-dn-hn-√m-ba- sIm-≠v- ss{S-_yp-Wen¬- - - - - v- - b¬- sN-tø-≠-Xm-Wv.- Sn-°-‰v- F-Sp-Ø- kv-Y-e-tam- F-Øn-t®-tc-≠- S-Xn-bn-em-W-v ^-b¬- sN-tø-≠X.v - s]m-Xp-P߃-°-v tI-k-v c-Pn-k-v - - - km-[m-cW- F-Øm-dn-s√-∂m-W-v A-p-`hw.- - - kv-Y-e-tam- A-]-I-Sw- kw-`-hn-®- kv-Y-e-tam- s_-©n-s‚- ]-cn-[n-°p- ‰¿- sN-øp-∂-Xp-am-bn- _-‘-s∏-´- hn-h-c-߃- A-dn-bp-∂-Xn-v- ss{S- C-¥y-bn-se- 21 _-©p-I-sf- X-Ωn¬- _-‘n-∏n-°p-∂- I-ºyq-´¿- ≈n-em-bn-cn-°-Ww.- A-t]-£-Iƒ- X-]m¬- h-gn-bpw- k-a¿-∏n-°m-hp- _yq-Wen-s- k-ao-]n-°m-hp-∂Xm-W.v - - - kw-hn-[m-w- -S∏n-em-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-W.v - sk-‚¿- t^m¿- sd- - - ∂-Xm-W.v - sh-_v-ssk-‰v-:- www.claims.indianrail.gov.in {i-t≤-b-ß-fm-b D-Ø-c-hp-I-ƒ- {]-h¿-Ø-w- P--ß-fn-te-°v- F- d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ- sd- bn¬-th- X-S-k-ap-≠m-°m-dn-s√ hn-[- kw-ÿm-ßsf- {]-Xn-n- - - km- [m-cW°m-cm-b- bm-{X-°m¿-°pw- F- - - s{S-bn-n¬- k-©-cn-°-th- A-⁄m-X-s‚- bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- ss{S-_yq- ∂-v ko-n-b¿- sIm-ta-gkn-b¬- am- - -v [o-Icn-®-v 21 _-©p-Ifm-W-v n- - - a¿-P≥-kn- tIzm-´- ku-I-cyw- s{S-bn-n¬- e-`n- I-t√-dn¬- h-e-Xp- I-Æn-s‚- Im-gv-N- -jv-S-s∏- °m≥- ^-e{]-Zam-b- -S]Sn- kzo-Icn-°Ww- F- - - - - - - ´- bp-h-Xn-°v- sd-bn¬-th- m-ep- e-£w- cq-]- W- (B¿-kn-Sn-)-˛-en-s‚- ]- t-Pcpw- ss{S-_yp-Wen¬- {]-k- - - e-hn-ep-≈X.v - tI-cfØn-te-bpw- - - - ∂-Xv- A-S°ap-≈- {i-t≤-bßfm-b- ]-e- D-Øc- - - - - - -jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- -ev-I-W-sa-∂- D-Ø-c-hm-Wv- sØm≥-]-Xmw- hm¿-jn-Iw- - ‚nw-Kv- Hm-^o-kdp-am-b- tUm.-F.- - e-£Zzo-]n-te-bpw- tI-kp-Ifm- - - hp-I-fpw- F-d-Wm-Ip-fw- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- a-s‰m-∂v.- n-k- k-a¿-∏n-®- ]-cm-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p- hw-_¿- F-´n-m-bn-cp-∂p.- Cu- {io-[¿.- Wv- F-dWm-Ip-fØ-v ssI-Im-cyw- - - ss{S-_yp-W¬- ]p-ds∏-Sp-hn-®n-´p-≠v.- - D-Øch.v - - - A-h-k-c-Øn¬- ss{S-_yq-W- I-£n-°-v -jS]cn-lm-cØp- -v - - - sN-øp-∂Xv.- e-£Zzo-]n¬- sd- - - sh-bn-‰nw-Kv- en-Ãn¬- Sn-°‰v- F-Sp-°p-∂h¿- - - s{S-bn≥- bm-{X-°n-sS- B-{I-an-Iƒ- X-≈n-bn- en-s‚- {]-h¿-Øw- Iq-Sp-X¬- - I- sN-°v- B-bn-´m-Wv- -ev-In-bn- bn¬-th- sse≥- C-s√-¶n-epw- °p- Iq-Sn- dn-k¿-th-j≥- ku-I-cyw- e-`y-am-°m- ´v- Aw-K`w-Kw- kw-`hn-®- tIm-fP-v A-[ym-]n-Ibp- - - - - sa-®s∏-Sp-Øn- P-ßfn-te-°-v - - - cp-∂Xv.- F-∂m¬- A-Xv- Nn-e- B- - A-hn-sS- n-∂p-≈- s{S-bn≥- bm- m-W-v F-a¿-P≥-kn- tIzm-´- (C-Iyp-)- k-{º-Zm-bw- sS- -jS]cn-lm-c- A-t]-£sb- F-Xn¿-Øp-≈- -v - - - F-Øn-°m-m-W-v {i-asa-∂-v F- - t£-]߃-°-v h-gn-h®t∏mƒ- C- - - - {X-°m¿-°-v ss{S-_yq-Wen-s‚- - {]m-h¿-Øn-Iam-°n-bn-´p-≈X.v - Fw.-]n.,- Fw.-F¬.- - - sd-bn¬-th-bp-sS- hm-Zhpw- ss{S-_yq-W¬- X-≈n- - d-Wm-Ip-fw- G-cn-bm- am-t-P¿- t∏mƒ- aq-t∂m- A-t©m- h¿-j- tk-h-w- {]-tbm-P--s∏-Sp- F.,- D-tZym-Kÿ¿- Xp-Sßn-b- hn-sF-]n-Iƒ-°m- - - bn-´p-≠v.- C-tX- tI-kn¬- I-ym-k{Xo-Iƒ-°v- - v- B-bn-cp-∂- A-Uo-jW¬- c-Pn- - tØ-°v- Xp-I- n-t£-]n-®n-´v- A- Ømw.- Wv- F-a¿-P≥-kn- tIzm-´bn¬- km-[m-cW- ap≥-K- - - jvS]cn-lm-cam-bn- ]-Ww- B-hiy-s∏-Sm-m-In-s√- - - - - - kv{Sm¿- am-Xyp- tPm¿-P.v - _-‘- - Xn-s‚- c-ko-X-v -eIp-Ibm-W-v sN- -v - s{S-bn≥- A-]ISßfn-epw- - - - - W-- -eIp-∂Xv.- Cu- k-{º-Zm-bw- kp-Xm-cy-am- v- - ∂- hm-Z-hpw- sd-bn¬-th- D-b¿-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.- I- s∏-´-h¿-°v- t-cn-´v- F-Øn- øp-∂X.v - kp-{]ow- tIm-SXn- n¿-tZ- - - s{S-bn-p-am-bn- _-‘s∏-´- A- - °n- km-[m-cW°m-cm-b- bm-{X-°m¿-°p- Iq-Sn- dn- - - ym-k{Xo-Iƒ-°-v A-{in-Xcn-s√-∂m-W-v sd-bn¬- -v - ss{S-_yq-Wen¬- ]-cm-Xn- k-a¿- - iw- A-p-kcn-®m-Wn-X.v - - ]-ISßfn-epw- Dƒ-s∏-´h¿-°pw- -- - - k¿-th-jn¬- A-hkc- k-aXzw- D-d∏n-°p-∂Xn- - - - - - - th- Nq-≠n-°m-´n-bXv.- F-∂m¬- s{S-bn≥- bm-{X- - ∏n-°mw.- ss{S-_yq-Wen-v- kz- - A-h-cp-sS- A--¥-cm-h-Im-in- m-bn- D-S®p- hm¿-°Wsa-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- ss{S-_yq- - - - °m-sc- a-XØn-t‚-tbm- sXm-gn-en-t‚-tbm- a-X]- - - ta-[bm- tI-kv- F-Sp-°m≥- A- - 1987˛-se- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw- Iƒ-°pw- th-KØn¬- -jS]- - v- - W¬- C.-cm-Pm-cm-as‚- D-Øchv.- B-im-tZ-hn- k- - - - c-am-b- ]-Zhn-Ifp-tS-tbm- t]-cn¬- sd-bn¬-th- B- - - [n-Im-can-√.- kv- B-Iv-Sv- A-p-k-cn-®v- 1989 - cn-lm-cw- -eIp-I- F-∂- e-£y- -v a¿-∏n-®n-cp-∂- ]-cm-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p- D-Øchv- ]p- - - IvSv- hn-th-Nn-°p-∂n-s√-∂v- hy-‡am-°n- B- hm- - - -jS]cn-lm-cw- A¿-lX- -v - - - hw-_¿- F-´n-m-W-v ss{S-_yp-W¬- tØm-sS-bm-W-v ss{S-_yp-W¬- d-s∏-Sp-hn-®X.v -- Z-hpw- ss{S-_yq-W¬- X-≈n-bn-cp-∂p.- s∏-´h¿-°-v A-Xp- -eIm≥- sd- - -v n-ehn¬- h-∂X.v - C-¥y-bn-se- hn- - - cq-]hXIcn-®n-´p-≈X.v - - - -v - -
    • 4 km-º-Øn-Iw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 sF F≥ Pn sshiy˛ _m¶v _km¿ {Sm-h¬- dn-hm¿-Up-am-bn- kn-‰n- _m-¶v- tUmSvtImw klIcWw {Sm-h¬-Kp-cp- k-Jyw- sF - F≥- Pn- ssh-iy- c-Xayw- sN-øm-p-≈- A-hkcap- - - - - `m-hn-bn¬- hy-‡n-KX˛`h- - -- - kn- ‰n- _m-¶pw- {]-ik-v - {Sm-h¬- dn-hm¿-Uv-kv- t]m¿-´- h¬- dn-hm¿-Uv- ssk-‰n¬- _m-¶n-s≥-d- `-h--˛-hy-‡n-K-X- ≠m-Ipw.- A-Xn-p- ti-jw- X-߃- - hm-b]°p- ]p-dsa- sF- F≥- -v - - X- {Sm-h¬- t]m¿-´¬- {Sm-h¬- en¬- d-Pn-ÿ- sN-øp-∂h¿-°-v 5000 - tlm-fn-tU- _p-°v- sN-øp- hm-bv]Iƒ-°v- C-n- _m-¶v- _- - - °v- C-„ap-≈- _m-¶n-s≥-d- hm-bv- - Pn- ssh-iy- _m-¶n-s≥-d- a-¡p- D¬- Kp-cp-hp-am-bn- tN¿-∂-v kn-‰n-_m- cq-]bp-sS- Un-kIu-≠-v hu-®¿- k- - -v tºmƒ- {]-tbm-Ps∏-Sp-Øm- - - km¿- tUm-StIm-an¬- A-t]-£n- -v ]-bv-°v- sh-_v-ssk-¡p- h-gn- A- ∏-∂ßfpw- _m-¶-v _-km¿- tUm- - - ¶v- {Sm-h¬-dn-hm¿-Uv-kv- A-h- Ωm--am-bn- e-`n-°pw.- Iq-Sm-sX- pw- kw-hn-[m-ap-≠.v - - °mw.- t]-£n-°mw.- hm-bv-]-bv-°m-bn- SvtIm-an¬- e-`y-am-Ip-∂Xm-W.v - - - X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p.- kn-‰n- _m-¶v- tlm-´tem- tlm-fn-tU- ]m-t°-tPm- - Iq-Sm-sX- bm-{X-sb- kw- _m-¶-v _-km¿- tUm-StImw- -v _m-¶v- im-J-I-fn¬- sN-∂v- a-Wn- cm-Py-Øv- 75 h¿-jsØ- N- - Im¿-Up-SaIƒ-°m-bn- G¿-s∏- - - _p- °p- sN-øp-tºmƒ- B-I¿-jI- - _-‘n-°p-∂- hn-i-Z-hn-h-c- sh-_ssk-¡v- k-µ¿-in-°p-∂- v- °q-dp-Iƒ- sN-ehn-tS-≠n- h-cp-∂- - cn-{X-ap-≈- sF- F≥- Pn- ssh- Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈- Cu- dn-hm¿-Uv- am-b- dn-hm¿-Uv- t]m-bn-‚p-Ifpw- e- - ߃-°pw- hn-Z-Kv-t[m-]-tZ-i- h¿-°v- sF- F≥- Pn- ssh-iy- ÿm-Ø-v sh-dpw- 12 an-n-¡p- sIm- - iy- _m-¶n-v- 18 e-£w- C-S-]m- kvIow- {]-tbm-Ps∏-Sp-Øp- - - - `n-°p-∂p.- Øn-p-am-bn- H-cp- {Sm-h¬- I- _m-¶n-s≥-dbpw- C-Xc- _m-¶p-I- - - ≠v- _m-¶v- _-km¿- tUm-Sv-tImw- Sp-Im-cp-≠.v - 5852 B-W-v Po-h-- ∂-Xn-m-bn- www.-tr-aelr-ew-ar- -v - Cu- dn-hm¿-U-v t]m-bn-‚p-Ifpw- - ¨-kƒ-´‚ n-s‚- tk-hw- e- - - fp-sS-bpw- `-h˛hy-‡n-KX- hm- - -- - h-gn- hm-bv-]-bv-°v- A-t]-£n- °m-cp-sS- F-Æw.- 699 im-J-I- d-s.-co.-in- F-∂- t]m¿-´-en¬- kn-‰n- _m-¶-v Im¿-Up-Ifn¬- e-`n-°p- - `y-am-hp-∂- sl¬-]-v sse-pw- bv]Ifp-sS- ]-en-i- n-c°v- Xm- - - - - °m≥- km-[n-°pw.- fp-≠.v - d-Pn-ÿ- sN-øWw.- - ∂- dn-hm¿-Uv- t]m-bn-‚p-I-fpw- {Sm- k-÷am-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- - apØq‰v ]m∏®≥ {Kq∏pambp≈ Iq´psI´neqsS At∏mtfm UnsIhn C≥jzd≥kv tIcfØn¬ A-cp¨- tPm-kv- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- G-P‚p-am-sc- dn-{Iq-´v- sN-øm-pw- ]-cn- - [y-XIfn-epw- C-¥y-bn-se- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v - - q-X--hp-am-b- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- ku-I-cy- io-ew- -eIm-pw- Xp-Sßn-°gn-™p.- - -v - - hn- ]-Wn-bn-epw- A-Xn-tm-Sv- A-p-_-‘-am-b- _n- ߃- e-`y-am-°p-I- F-∂- Zu-Xy-hpw- kw-tbm-Pn-∏n- A t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- I-ºn- - - C-¥y-bn-se- ]p-Xn-b- `q-{]-tZ-ißfn¬- -ho-- - - kn-k-v km-[y-XIfn-epw- hn-iz-kn-°p-∂p.- n-ehn¬- - - - - °p-Ibm-Wv- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn.- - en-an-‰-Uv,- ap-Øq-‰v- ]m-∏-®≥- {Kq-∏p-am-bn- tN¿-∂v- am-b- D-Xv]∂߃- A-hXcn-∏n-®v- B-tcm-Ky- C≥- - - - - - C-¥y-bn-se- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- hn-]-Wn- e- k-t¥m-jIcam-b- Po-hn-XØn-m-bn- Hm-tcm-cp- - - - - tI-cfØn¬- {]-h¿-Øw- B-cw-`n-®p.- C-¥y-bn-se- - - - jz-d≥-k-v cw-Kw- hn-Ikn-∏n-°p-∂Xn-p-≈- i-‡am- - - - £y-an-Sp-∂- 300 Z-i-e-£w- B-fp-I-fn¬- sh-dpw- 50 Ø¿-°pw- tbm-Pn-°p-∂- co-Xn-bn¬- {i-≤m-]q¿-hw- F-√m- ]u-c∑m¿-°pw- ku-Icy-{]-Zhpw- q-Xhp-am- - - - - - b- {i-a-ß-fm-Wv- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn- -S-Øp-∂- Z-ie£w- B-fp-Iƒ- am-{X-am-W-v C≥-jz¿- sN-øs∏- - - - cq- ]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂hbm-W-v A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn-bp- - - b- sl¬-Øv- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- ku-Icy-߃- e-`y-am- - sX-∂v- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn- kn-Fw-H- N-{µ-ti-J¿- ´n-´p-ffXv,- _m-°n-hcp-∂- 250 Z-ie£w- B-fp-Iƒ- - - - - - sS- D-X]∂߃.- Cu-kn- sl¬-Ø,v - t]-gkW¬- -v - - -v - °p-I- F-∂- e-£y-tØm-sS- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂- I-º- ]-d™p.- ap-Øq-‰-v ]m-∏®≥- {Kq-∏p-am-bp-≈- ]-¶m-fn- - - B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- I-ºn-Ifp-sS- km-[y-X- - - B-Ikn-U‚ ,v - Cu-kn- {Sm-h¬- ˛- Hm-h¿-ko-k-v B≥- -v - n-bm-Wv- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn- C≥-jz-d≥-kv.- C- Ø-Øn-eq-sS- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v D-X]∂߃- -v - - I-fm-bn- Xp-Scp-∂p.- - Uv- sUm-aÃn-I-v F-∂n-h- hy-‡n-Ifp-sS-bpw- Ip- Spw- - - tXm-sS- ap-Øq-‰v- ]m-∏®≥- {Kq-∏n-s‚- hn-]p-eam-b- - - k-aq-lØn-se- F-√m- hn-`m-Kw- P-ßfn-epw- F-Øn- - - - G-jy-bn-se- {]-ap-J- sl¬-ØsI-b¿- {Kq-∏pw- v- _-ßfp-sS-bpw- {Kq-∏p-Ifp-sS-bpw- B-hiy-߃- ap- - - - irw-JeIfn¬-n-∂v- sl¬-Øv- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- D-Xv- - - - °p-∂Xn¬- ap-t∂-dm≥- I-gn-bpw.- cm-Py-sØ- a-‰p- {]- - C-¥y-bn-se- G-‰hpw- hn-iz-ko-bam-b- {_m≥-Up- - - - ∂n¬-I≠-v cq-]s∏-Sp-Øn-bXm-W.v - - - - ]-∂߃- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- kz-¥am-°p-∂Xn- - - - - tZ-ißfn-epw- C-Xp-t]m-se-bp-≈- Iq-´p-sI-´v- B-cw- - - am-b- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn-bp-am-bn- k-l-I-cn-°p- B-tcm-Ky-Icam-bn-cn-°p-I- F-∂- Z¿-iØn¬- - - - - v- km-[n-°pw.- `n-°m-pw- C-¥y-bn-se- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v cw- ∂-Xn¬- k-t¥m-jap-s≠-∂-v ap-Øq-‰-v ]m-∏®≥- {Kq- - - C-gtN¿-Ø- D-X]∂ßfpw- tk-hßfp-am-W-v Un- - -v - - - - - - do-s´-b¬- _m-¶nw-K,v - ^n-m≥-jy¬- k¿-ho-k,v - v K-Ø-v H-∂m-asX-Øp-I- F-∂- e-£yw- t-Sm-pw- ]- - ∏n-s‚- U-bdIS¿- tXm-ak-v ap-Øq-‰-v ]-d™p.- I-º- - - -v - - sI-hn- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂X.v - - - - tlm-kv]n-‰m-en-‰n,- C≥-{^m-kv{S-IvN¿- U-he]vsa- - - - - - - cn-{i-an-°p-sa-∂-v N-{µ-ti-J¿- ]-d™p.- - n-bp-sS- n-ehn-ep-≈- irw-Jebpw- A-t∏m-tfm- Un- - - - ap-Øq-‰-v ]m-∏®≥- {Kq-∏n-s‚- ap-Øq-‰-v ^n≥-tIm¿- - ‚ v,- hn≥-Uv- ]-h¿,- Hm-t´m-sam-ss_¬- cw-Kßfn-eq- - - C-°m-eØv- Po-hn-Xssi-en-bn-se- {]-tXy-IX- - - - sI- hn-bp-sS- ]n-¥p-Wbpw- D-]tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øn- C≥- - - - ]v- en-an-‰U,v- dn-k¿-hv- _m-¶v- Hm-^v- C-¥y-bp-sS- F- - sS- cm-Py-sa-ßpw- km-∂n-[y-ap-≈- tI-cfØn-se- {]- - - aq-eap-≈- tcm-Kßfm-b- {]-ta-lw,- lr-Zbkw-_‘- - - - - - - jz-d≥-k-v πm-p-Iƒ- tI-cfØn-se-ßpw- hn-PbIc- - - - - - ≥-F^_n-kn- sse-k≥-tkm-Sp-Iq-Sn- {]-h¿-Øn-°p- - -v ap-J- ÿm-]am-b- ap-Øq-‰v- ]m-∏®≥- {Kq-∏p-am-bn- - - - am-b- tcm-K߃,- A-ÿn-tX-bvam-w- F-∂n-h- h¿- - - am-bn- hn-XcWw- sN-øm-sa-∂-v B-flhn-izm-kap-s≠- - - - - ∂p.- C-¥y-bn-se-ßp-am-bn- 565 im-JIfpw- 2000 tIm- - - tIm¿-∏td-‰-v G-P≥-kn- Iq-´p-sI-´n-m-W-v A-t∏m-tfm- - [n-®p- h-cn-Ibm-W.v - A-tXm-sSm-∏w-Xs∂- Nn-In-’m- - - ∂v- A-t±-lw- ]-d™p.- - Sn- cq-]bp-sS- hn-‰p-hchpw- 3000 Po-h°m-cp-ap-≠v.- - - - - - Un- sI-hn- Xp-S-°-an-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.- A-t∏m-tfm- Un- s®-ehv- Ip-Xn-°p-Ibpw- sN-øp-∂p.- A-Xp-sIm-≠p- - - G-jy-bn-se- X-s∂- G-‰-hpw- h-en-b- kw-tbm- sIm-®n- ap-Øq-‰v- S-th-gv-kn-em-Wv- c-Pn-kv-t{S-Uv- Hm- sI-hn-bp-sS- kz-¥w- hn-XcW- Nm-ep-Iƒ-°p- ]p-d- - - - X-s∂- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-kn-s‚- ]-cn-c£- Iq-Sn- - Pn-X- sl¬-Øv- sI-b¿- {Kq-∏v- B-b- A-t∏m-tfm- ^o-k.v - tI-cfØn-etßm-fan-tßm-fam-bn- H≥-]Xp- - - - - - - ta- ap-Øq-‰v- ]m-∏®≥- {Kq-∏n-s‚- hn-XcWcw-KsØ- - - - - - tb- Xo-cq.- C-t∏mƒ- C-¥y-bn-se- P-kw-Jy-bn¬- - tlm- kv-]n-‰¬-kv- {Kq-∏pw- bp-tdm-∏n-se- {]-ap-J- do-P-Wp-I-fp-≠v.- hn-]p-e-am-b- irw-J-e-I-fn-eq-sS- an-Ihpw- D-]tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øn- tI-cfØn-ep-So-fw- k- - - - - - - m-ep- i-Xam-w- t]¿-°p- am-{X-am-W-v B-tcm-Ky- C≥- - sl¬-Øv- C≥-jz-ddm-b- Un-sI-hn- F-Pn-bpw- tN¿- - F-√m- ap-°n-epw- aq-ebn-epw,- {]-tXy-In-®-v {Km-ata-J- - - aq- l-Øn-se- F-√m- hn-`m-Kw- B-fp-Iƒ-°n-Sbn-epw- - jz-d- ≥-kn-s‚- ]-cn-c£- e-`n-°p-∂X.v - C-X-v Xp-temw- - - ∂p-≈- kw-bp-‡- kw-cw-`am-W-v A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI- - e-Ifn-epw- sk-an- A¿-_≥- ta-JeIfn-epw- tk-h- - - - - B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v F-Øn-°p-Ibm-W-v Cu- _n- - Ip-dhm-W.v - C-¥y-bn¬- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v cw- - hn.- A-t∏m-tfm- tlm-kv-]n-‰¬- {Kq-∏n-s‚-bpw- Un- -sa-Øn-°p-∂p.- kn-kv- Iq-´p-sI-´n-s‚- e-£yw.- - Kw- 35 i-Xam-w- h-f¿-®bm-W-v I-gn-™- A-©p- h¿- - - sI-hn- F-Pn-bp-sS-bpw- B-tcm-Ky-kw-c-£-W-cw-K- 1939˛¬- B-cw-`n-®m-Wv- Cu- {Kq-∏v.- do-s´-bv¬- C-Xn-m-bn- ap-Øq-‰v- ]m-∏®≥- {Kq-∏n-s‚- k-l- - j-Øn-p-≈n¬- tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv.- C-¥y≥- km- tØ-bpw- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- cw-K-tØ-bpw- _m-¶nw-Kv- B≥-Uv- ^n-m≥-jy¬- k¿-ho-kkv,- dn- - I-cWtØm-sS- hn-hn-[- -Kcßfn-epw- ]-´Wßfn- - - - - - - - - º-Øn- I-cw-K-Øn-s‚- h-f¿-®-Iq-Sn- ]-cn-K-Wn-°p- s]m-Xp- e-£y-߃- t-Sn-sb-Sp-°p-∂Xn-p- th-≠n- - b¬- F-tÃ-‰v,- tlm-k]n-‰m-en-‰n- C≥-Uk{Sn,- C≥- v- - v- epw- {Km-aßfn-ep-ap-≈- A-Sn-ÿm-- ku-Icyw- D- - - - tºmƒ- an-I®- km-[y-XIfm-W-v Cu- cw-KØp-≈X.v - - - - - - bp-≈- Iq-´m-babm-Wn-X.v - {]n-h≥-j≥- B≥-U-v sh¬- -v - {^m-k{S-IN¿- U-he]sa-‚ ,v - hn≥-U-v ]-h¿,- Hm-t´m- -v -v - - -v ]-tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øn- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn- do-s´-bv¬- - A-t∏m-tfm-bpw- Un-sI-hn-bpw- Cu- h-f¿-®m-km- s-k-v F-∂- B-ibhpw- I-gn-hn-p-kcn-®p-≈Xpw- - - - - - sam-ss_¬- F-∂o- cw-Kßfn¬- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂p.- - - F-bv-K-¨- sd-en-Kdn-v- c-≠v- tSw- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- - Iq-Sn sF-F≥-Pn- ssh-iym- _m-¶n-s‚- F - bK¨- sd-en-K¿- c-≠-v tSw- C≥-jp-d≥-k-v ]-≤Xn-Iƒ- Iq- - -v - Sn- Xp-Sßn.- F-bK¨- sd-en-K¿- C≥-{Io-knw-K-v tSw- πm≥,- F-bK- -v - ¨- sd-en-K¿- Un-{Io-knw-Kv- tSw- πm≥- F-∂n-ß-s- m-a-I-c-Ww- sN-øs∏-´n-cn-°p-∂- Cu- kvIo-ap-Iƒ- Po-hn-X- ssi-en-bn-epw- h-cp- - - - -v A-‰m-Zm-b-Øn¬- 23%- h-f¿-®- sF F≥-Pn- ssh-iy- _m- - sk-]‰w-_¿- 30˛-v- A-hkm- v- - Øn¬- 26 i-Xam-hpw- (123.-6 tIm- - - b-XeØn¬- i-‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂- - - am-Øn-epw- h-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- am-‰ßƒ-°p-kr-Xam-bn- cq- - - - - ]-I¬-∏-- sN-ø-s∏-´-h-bm-sW-∂v- F-bv-K-¨- sd-en-K¿- C≥-jp- ¶n-s‚- A-‰m-Zm-bØn¬- Cu- km- - n-®-v c-≠mw- ]m-ZØn¬- {]-h¿-Ø- - Sn- cq-]-)- h¿-[--hp-≠m-bn.- sam- Xn-s‚- `m-K-am-bn- D-Ø-tc-¥y-bn- d≥-kv- No-^v- F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-hv- Hm-^o-k¿- cm-Po-hv- sPw-tJ-ZI¿- ]- v- v- º-Øn-I- h¿-jsØ- B-Zy- B-dp- - - em-`w- 47 i-X-am-w- h¿-≤n-®v- Øw- n-t£-]w- 2007 sk-]‰w-_¿- -v epw- ]-›n-ta-¥y-bn-epw- Iq-Sp-X¬- d-™p.- t-csØ- se-h¬- tSw- πm≥- F-bK¨- sd-en-K¿- A-hX- - -v - - am-kw- 23 i-Xam-w- h¿-[hp-≠m- - - - 91.-60 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-sb-¶n-epw- A- - 30 v- 17025 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-bn- im-J-Iƒ- Cu- h¿-jw- Xp-d-∂p.- cn-∏n-°p-Ibp-≠m-bn.- - bn.- I-gn-™- h¿-jsØ- 71.-3 tIm- - ‰m-Zm-bØn-ep-≠m-b- h¿-[- 2 i- - - cp-∂X-v Cu- h¿-jw- sk-]‰w-_¿- - -v sam-Øw- 18 ]p-Xn-b- im-JIƒ- B- - C≥-{Io-knw-Kv- tSw- πm-n¬- Hm-tcm- h¿-jw- I-gn-bp-t¥m-dpw- Sn- cq-]bp-sS- ÿm-Øv- C-Øh- - - - X-am-w- am-{X-am-Wv.- (47 tIm-Sn- 30 v- 20897 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn- h¿- - cw-`n-®Xn¬- ]-Xn-©pw- Cu- ta- - - C≥-jp¿- sN-bvX- Xp-Ibn¬- A-©p- i-Xam-w- I-≠v- h¿-[hp- - - - - - W-sØ- A-‰m-Zm-bw- 87.-6 tIm-Sn- cq-]-)- n-jv-{In-bm-kv-Xn- C-- ≤n-®p- ˛- 22.-7 i-X-am-w- h¿-[-.- J-eIfn-em-W.v - sk-]‰w-_¿- 30˛- - - -v ≠m-hpw.- Hm-tcm- h¿-jw- I-gn-bp-t¥m-dpw- h-cp-am-Øn¬- h¿-[- - - cq-]bm-W.v - {]-h¿-Ø- em-`w- 67 - - Øn¬- 21.-6 tIm-Sn- cq-]- h-Ibn-cp- - I-d‚ v,- tk-hnw-Kvkv- A-°u-≠p- - - se- I-W°p-kcn-®-v _m-¶n--v F- - - - {]-Xo-jn-°p-∂hsc- D-t±-in-®m-W-v Cu- kvIow- X-øm-dm-°n-bn-cn-°p- - - - i-X-am-w- h¿-≤n-®v- 196.-3 tIm-Sn- tØ-≠n- h-∂Xn-m-em-Wv- A-‰m- - I-fn-se- n-t£-]w- 22.-9 i-X-am- Iv-Ã≥-j≥- Iu-≠-dp-I-f-S-°w- ∂-Xv.- _m-¶p-Ifn¬- n-t∂m- a-t‰m- hm-bv]- F-Sp-Øhcp-sS- _m- - - - - cq-]bm-bn.- ap≥-h¿-jw- C-Xv- 117.- - Zm-b-Øn¬- {]-Xo-£n-®- h¿-≤- w- h¿-[n-®v- 6080 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm- - sam-Øw- 454 im-JIfpw,- 244 F- - - [y-X- h¿-j߃- ]n-∂n-Sp-tºmƒ- Ip-d™p- h-cpw- A-Øc°m¿-°m- - - - - 8 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn-cp-∂p.- ]-en-i- - - A-p-`-h-s∏-Sm-Xn-cp-∂-sX-∂v- bn.- hm-bv-]- 15856 tIm-Sn- cq-]- Sn-FΩp-Ifp-ap-≠.v - _m-¶n-s‚- sam- - - bn- {]-tXy-Iw- cq-]-I¬-∏-- sN-bv-X- t]m-fn-kn-bm-Wv- F-bv-K-¨- bn¬- n-∂p-≈- h-cp-am-w- 314.-5 am-t-Pnw-K-v U-bdIS¿- thm-¨- dn- - - -v bm-W.v - 26.-3 i-Xam-Øn-s‚- h-f¿- - - Ø- n-j{In-bm-kXn- 2.-06 i-Xam- -v -v - sd-en-K¿- Un-{Io-knw-K-v πm≥.- Hm-tcm- h¿-jw- I-gn-bp-t¥m-dpw- C≥- tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn- h¿-[n-®p.- 48 i- - tjm¿- ]-d-™p.- c-≠mw- ]m-Z- ®.- _m-¶n-s‚- B-kXn- 28.-3 i-X- v- -am-bn-cp-∂X-v 1.-44 i-Xam-am-bn- - - - jp¿- sN-bX- Xp-Ibn¬- A-©p- i-Xam-w- I-≠-v Ip-dh-v h-cpw.- A- -v - - - X-am-w- h¿-[-.- a-‰n--ß-fn-ep- Øn¬- ]-en-i-bn--Øn-ep-≈- h- am-w- h¿-[n-®v- 26828 tIm-Sn- cq-]- Ip-d-bv-°m≥- km-[n-®p.- A-‰- n- t∏mƒ- {]o-an-bØn-epw- Ip-dh-v A-p-`hs∏-Sp-∂Xm-W.v - - - - - - ≠m-b- h-cp-am-w- 37 i-Xam-w- h¿-- cp-am-Øn¬- 44 i-Xam-hpw- (156.- - - - bm-bn.- jv-{In-bm-kv-Xn- 0.-78 i-X-am-- ≤n-®v- 251.-5 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn.- - 6 tIm-Sn- cq-]-)- C-X-c- h-cp-am-- _m-¶n-s‚- {]-h¿-Øw- tZ-io- - Øn¬- X-s∂- n¬-°p-∂p.- am-Iv-kv- hn-P-bv- t]m-fn-kn- ssa-t{Im- ^n-m≥-kv- ÿm-]--߃- h-gn- ]m hs∏-´h¿-°m-bp-≈- am-Ik-v hn- - - - -v yq-tbm¿-°v- sse-^v- ko-n-b¿- U-b-d- Zp¿-_-e- hn-`m-K-ß-fp-sS- ap≥-Iq-´n- Nn-´- an-bw- A-S®m¬- a-Xn.- ssh-In- {]o-an-bw- - h-gn- {]o-an-bw- A-S®- D-Ss- A-Xn-s‚- c- - - P-bv- t]m-fn-kn- hn-]-W-w- sN-øp-∂-Xp- IvS¿- A-n¬- ta-Ø- ]-d™p.- aq-∂p- h¿- - - s∏-Sp-Øm-Ø- Po-hn-X- ]-Ÿm-hp-Iƒ- h- A-S®m-epw- t]m-fn-kn- em-]km-In-√.- cm- - v- ko-Xpw- Hm-¨sse-m-bn- e-`n-°pw.- ]-Ø-v - kw-_‘n-®-v B-Ikk-v sU-he]sa-‚ -v - -v - - - -v jw- ]n-∂n-Sp-tºmƒ- Cu- ssa-t{Im- ^n- cp-am-Øn-se- ÿn-cXbn-√m-ba- F-∂n- - - - v- Py-Øn-s‚- ap-°n-epw- aq-ebn-epw- e-`y-am- - h¿-jØn-p-≈n¬- Nn-eh-v I-gn-™-v I-øn¬- - - k¿-ho-kp-am-bn- am-Iv-kv- yp-tbm¿-°v- m≥-kv- I-º-n-Iƒ- hn-]-W-w- sN-øp- h-bp-am-bn- s]m-cp-Øs∏-Sp-∂- co-Xn-bn¬- - Ip-∂- hn-[-Øn-ep-≈- hn-]-W-- kw-hn- h-cp-∂- Nn-√n-°m-ip-Iƒ- kz-cp-°q-´n- C≥-jp- sse-^-v C≥-jp-d≥-k-v I-ºn- [m-cWbn- - - - ∂- t]m-fn-kn-Ifp-sS- F-Æw- ap-∂p- e-£- - cq-]I¬-∏- sN-øs∏-´- C≥-jp-d≥-k-v ]- - - - [m-am-W-v am-Ik-v hn-Pb-v t]m-fn-kn-°p- - -v - d≥-kn¬- n-t£-]n-°m≥- km-[n-°p-∂Xn- - se-Øn.- C-Xp-kcn-®v- B-Ikkv- sU- - - v- - am-bn- D-bcpw.- C-Xp- Iq-Sm-sX- th-sd- F- - ≤-Xn-bm-W-v am-Ik-v hn-Pb-v t]m-fn-kn-bp- -v - th-≠n- H-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv.- ssa-t{Im- - m¬- am-Ik-v hn-Pb-v H-cp- k-ºm-Zy- ]-≤Xn- -v - - h-e]sa-‚ -v k¿-ho-kp-am-bn- k-lIcn-®-v - -v - - ´v- ssa-t{Im- ^n-m≥-k-v I-ºn-Itf-bpw- - - sS- A-t]-£m- t^m-dw- h-fsc- e-fn-Xam- - - ^n-m≥-k-v ÿm-]ßsf- am-{X-a√- Po- - - - - bp-sS- {]-tbm-Pw- Iq-Sn- H-cp-°p-∂p.- - {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂- 110 ssa-t{Im- ^n-m≥- tIm¿-∏td-‰-v G-P‚p-am-cm-bn- am-Ik-v yq- - - -v Wv.- H-‰- t]-Pv- A-t]-£m- t^m-dw- am- h-Im-cp-Wy- kw-LSItf-bpw- C-Xn-m- - - - - k-ºm-Zy-tØm-sSm-∏w- ]m-hs∏-´- Ip-- kv- ÿm-]--߃- am-Iv-kv- hn-P-bv- t]m- tbm¿-°v- sse-^v- n-ban-®n-´p-≠v.- - {Xw- ]q-cn-∏n-®v- ¬-In-bm¬- a-Xn.- Xn-cn- bn- n-tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.- Xp-S¿- {]o-an- Spw-_߃-°-v C≥-jp-d≥-k-v kw-c£W- - - - fn-kn-bp-sS- tIm¿-∏td-‰v- G-P‚p-am-cm-bn- - - C≥-jp-d≥-kv- t]m-fn-kn-bp-sS- cq-]- ®-dn-b¬- Im¿-Un-s‚- H-cp- tIm-∏n-bpw- e- bw- sXm-´Sp-Øp-≈- s]-´n-°SIfn¬- t]m- - -- - hpw- D-d∏-v ¬-Ip-∂- am-Ik-v hn-Pb,v- C≥- - -v - {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂Xm-Wv.- B-Zy-h¿-jw- 1.- - I¬-∏-,- hn-]-W-w,- hn¬-∏-m--¥-c- `y-am-°Ww.- 10 h¿-jsØ- Im-em-h[n- - - - epw- A-Sbv°m≥- km-[n-°p-∂- X-cØn- - - - jp-d≥-k-v hy-hkm-bØn¬- h≥-am-‰Øn- - - - 4 e-£w- t]m-fn-kn-Iƒ- B-Ikkp-am-bn- -v - tk-hw- F-∂o- ta-JeIfn-se-√mw- hn- - - - - bp-≈- t]m-fn-kn-°v- Xp-S-°-Øn¬- A-S- ep-≈- kw-hn-[m-am-W-v H-cp-°p-∂X.v - Pn.- - - v- m-µn- Ip-dn-°p-sa-∂-v B-Ikk-v sU- -v - _-‘-s∏-´- ssa-t{Im- ^n-m≥-kv- I-º- π-hm-fl-I-am-b- am-‰-߃-°v- Xn-cn- sIm- t°-≠-Xv- 1000 cq-]-bm-Wv.- I-øn¬- ]- ]n.-B¿.-F-kv- Xp-S-ßn.- B-[p-n-I- km- h-e]sa-‚ -v k¿-ho-k-v No-^-v F-Ikn-Iyq- - -v -v n-Iƒ- hn-X-c-Ww- sN-øp-sa-∂v- am-Iv-kv- fp-Øp-∂- am-Ik-v hn-Pb,v- k-aq-lØn-se- -v - - Ww- h-cp-tºmƒ- am-{Xw- Xp-S¿-∂p-≈- {]o- t¶-Xn-I- hn-Zy-Iƒ- D-]tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øp-I- - - ´o-hv- Hm-^o-k¿- hn-]n≥- i¿-Ω- ]-d™p.- -
    • A-`-n-{]m-bw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 5 t]m- eo-kv- tÃ-j-n-te-°v- H- tm- ]m¿-°nw-Kv- s- F-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- `q-cn-]£m-`n-{]m-bw.- - tI-c-f-Øn-se- _-kv- tÃ-j-p-I-fn- -߃-°-v k-lm-blkXam-Ip-∂- t]m- - - -v - en-kabØv- -S∏m-°p-∂p-s≠-∂v- D- - - - - cp- sS-en-t^m-¨- tImƒ.- hn-fn-°p-∂- C-ßs-bm-W-v m-´p-S∏.v - m-´p-Im- - - - epw- sd-bn¬-th- tÃ-j-p-I-fn-ep-ap-≈- eo-k-v tk-- F-∂m-W-v cq-]w- sIm-≈p-I- d-∏m-°p-Ibpw- th-Ww.- - bmƒ- t]-cpw- ta¬-hn-em-khpw- hy-‡- - sc- tk-hn-t°-≠,- k-lm-bn-t°-≠- t]m- t]m-°‰Sn- {i-≤n-°p-I.- quot;-t]m-°‰Sn- kq- - - - - ?- t]m-eo-kp-Im-cp-sS- ]-cn-io-e- Im-eØ-v - - No- d n- ∏ m- b p- ∂ - hm- l - - ß ƒ- am-°n-b- ti-jw- ]-d™p.- -KcØn¬- - - - eo-kv- hn-`m-Kw- A-h-sc- F-ß-s- sIm- £n-°p-I'-- F-∂- t_m¿-U-v F-{X-tbm- m- s]-cp-am-‰- a-cym-Z- ]-Tn-∏n-t°-≠X-v A-Xym- - °n-S-bn-eq-sS- tdm-Up- ap-dn-®p- I-S- Xn-c°p-≈- ÿ-eØ-v ÿm-]n-®n-cn-°p- - - √m-s°m-e- sN-øm-sa-∂m-Wv- tm-°p-∂- fp-Ifm-bn- A-hn-Sßfn¬- {]-Z¿-in-∏n-®n- - - - h-iy-am-Wv.- A-Xn-m-bn- Im-em-Im-e-ß- °m≥- _-≤s∏-Sp-∂- hr-≤Pßtf- - - - - - ∂- '-tm- ]m¿-°nw-Kv-'- t_m¿-Un-p- Xv.- Nn-e- hn-tZ-icm-Py-߃- k-µ¿-in-®n- - cn-°p-∂p.- F-∂n-´-v F-s¥-¶n-epw- Kp-Wap- - fn¬- Xp-S¿-]cn-io-ehpw- am¿-°n-Sepw- - - - - - bpw- hn-Iemw-Ktc-bpw- a-‰pw- ssI-]n- - - sXm-´p- tN¿-∂-v H-cp- hm-lw- ]m¿-°p- - ´p-≈h¿- A-hn-Sßfn-se- t]m-eo-kn-s‚- - - - ≠m-bn-´p-t≠m-sb-∂p- tNm-Zn-®m¬- t]m- S-Øp-Ibpw- th-Ww.- Ip-‰m-tº-jWØn- - - - Sn-®v- tdm-Up- I-S-Øn- hn-Sp-∂- {Sm-^n- sN-øp-∂p.- A-sXm-∂p- am-‰n-°m-p-≈- {]-h¿-Ø- -∑tb-bpw- ta-∑tb-bpw- Ip- - - - °-‰Sn-°m¿-°pw- t]m-eo-kp-Im¿-°p-ap-≠-v - pw- e-lfn-b{¥-WØn-pw- a-‰p-ap-≈- - - - - Iv- t]m-eo-kp-Im-sc- I-≠n-´n-t√-?- F- G¿-∏m-Sp- sN-øm-tam-?- dn-®p- ]-dbp-∂Xp- tIƒ-°p-tºmƒ- B¿- - - F-∂m-bn-cn-°pw- D-Øcw.- A-Xm-Xp- ÿ- - ]-cn-io-ew- -eIp-∂Xn-tm-sSm-∏w- A- - -v - √m- t]m-eo-kp-Im-cpw- A-ßs-bm-bn-- quot;-quot;B- h-≠n- A-hn-sS- In-S°p-∂Xp- - - - °m-sW-¶n-epw- sIm-Xn- tXm-∂pw.- e-ßfn¬- t]m-°‰Sn-°m¿-°pw- t]m-eo- - - - y-tcm-Sp-≈- sa-®s∏-´- C-Ss]-Sep-Iƒ- F- - - - cp-t∂¬- F-∂v- B-{K-ln-°m-Øhcp- - - kp-Im¿-°pw- c-lky-_‘hpw- G¿- - - - ß-s- th-Wsa-∂p-≈Xn-pw- ]m-Ty-]≤- - - - ≠m-Ip-tam.- m-ev°he°m-gvN- - - - - - tXm-akv- a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]≈n¬- - - ∏m-Sp-Ifp-ap-s≠-∂-v k-ao-]{]-tZ-i- - - Xn-bn¬- ÿm-ap-≠m-IWw.- A-X-v tPm- - - ß-fp-≈h¿-s°-√mw- A-dn-bmw.- - sIm-≠-v X-n-°-v h-√- Ip-g∏hpw- D-t≠m- - - F-¥p-sIm-≠m-Wv- tI-c-f-Øn-se- t]m-°‰Sn-bp-sS- ]-¶v- t]m-eo- - - '-'- F-∂-v tÃ-jn¬- t^m-¨- F-Sp-Ø- - t]m-eo-kp-Im-cn¬- `q-cn-]£hpw- P-ß- - - - kv- ]-‰p-∂p-s≠-∂p- B-tcm-]n- t]m-eo-kp-Im-cs‚- tNm-Zyw.- - tfm-Sp- `o-I-c-am-bn- s]-cp-am-dp-∂-Xv-?- sh- ®m¬- B-sc- Ip-‰s∏-Sp-Øm-m-- quot;-quot;Ct∏mƒ- Ip-g∏an-√,- A-Xp- Xm-a- - - - - dp-∏n-°p-∂- co-Xn-bn¬- A-db°p-∂- sX- - v- Ipw.- kn-bm-sX- K-Xm-KX- X-S Øn-p- Im- - - - dn- hn-fn-°p-∂X?- B-hiy-an-√m-sX- a¿-±n- - -v - ssI-°m-ip-]n-cn-h-v -´p-®- c-Wam-tb-°pw.-CSp-ßn-b- tdm-Um-W.v .''- - - °p-∂X?- B-tcm-Spw- ]p-—kz-cØn¬- kw- - -v - - bv°pw- -SØm≥- t]m-eo-kn- - - quot;-quot;AX,v - A-t∏m-gt√.- A-t∏mƒ- hn- - - - km-cn-°p-∂X?- F-s¥-¶n-epw- sN-øWsa- - -v - - v- A-d∏n-√.- K-Xm-KXw- `m-Kn- - - fn-°v.- C-t∏mƒ- Xm≥- hn-´p- t]m..-''- F- - ¶n¬- ssI-°q-en- In-´Wsa-∂p- i-Tn-°p- - - I-am-bn- n-b-{¥n-®- ]m-e-ß- ∂p- ]-d™-v t]m-eo-kp-Im-c≥- t^m-¨- - ∂-Xv-?- hm-Zn-sb- {]-Xn-bm-°p-∂- co-Xn- fn¬- I-≠n-´n-t√.- hm-lw- I- - I-´-v sN-bXp.- -v bn¬- kw-`hßfpw- tc-JIfpw- sI-´n-®- - - - - - S-Øn-hn-Sm≥- ss{U-h-dp-sS- K-Xm-KX°p-cp-°-v D-≠m-°m≥- X- - - a-b°p-∂X?- I-≈∑m-cp-sS- h-iØp- n- v- - v- - - A-Sp-°¬- n-∂-v Bƒ-°m-cp- bm-dm-bn- n-baw- sX-‰n-®p- In-S°p-∂- - - ∂v- A-hcn¬- n-∂-v ]n-Sn-®p-]dn-°m-in-s‚- - - sS- ap-∂n¬-h®p- X-s∂- bm-- Xv- H-cp- t]m-eo-kv- hm-m-sW-∂pw- A- ]-¶p- ]-‰p-∂Xv?- cm-{Xn-bn¬- ]-t{Sm-fnw-Kv- - - sXm-cp- A-d-∏pw- Iq-Sm-sX- Xn-s‚- ss{U-h¿- k-ao-]Øp-≈- _m¿- - -StØ-≠h¿- Iq¿-°w- h-en-®p- In-S∂p- - - - t]m- e o- tlm-´-en-te-°m-Wv- t]m-bn-´p-≈-sX- d-ßp-∂-Xv-?- a-Zy-]n-®p- Uyq-´n-bv-°p- h-cp- kp-Im¿- ∂pw- Iq-Sn- ]-dbm-p-≈- A-hkcw- hn- - - - ∂-X?- -v ssI- o- fn-®bm-fn-v- In-´n-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬- A- - F-¥p-sIm-≠m-W-v t]m-eo-kn-s-Xn- ´n- Im-ip-hm- bm-fp-sS- Im-cyw- t]m-°m-bXp- X-s∂- - tc- F-√m-hcpw- Xn-cn-bp-∂Xv- F-∂v- am-dn- - - ßp-∂X.v - - sb-∂p- kw-`hw- tI-´h¿.- hm≥- A-hn- - - am-dn- h-cp-∂- k¿-°m-cp-Iƒ- Xn-c°m-dn-√.- - A-¥kp- - sS- n-∂p- D-St- am-‰p-∂Xn-p- ]-Icw- - - - cm-j{v- So-b°m¿-°-v Im-cyw- Im-Wm≥- t]m- - n-d-™,- ]-cm-Xn-°m-cs- X-∏n-sb-Sp-Ø-v tÃ-j- - eo-kn-s‚- sIm-≈cp-Xm-bIIƒ- I-ÆS®-v - -v - - - s]m- X p- P - n-se-Øn-®v- aq-∂mw-ap-d- {]-tbm-Kn-t®- Im-Wm-Xn-cn-°p-Itb- n-hr-Øn-bp-≈p.- - {i-t≤-b-am-b- `-cWkacWIƒ- - - v- - - - _n.-sh-√nw-KS¨- -v - hm-N-I-°-k¿-Øv- {]-h¿-Ø--߃- tIcfØn-se- cm-j{v- So-b,- km-aq-ln-I,- kmw-kIm-cn-I- cw-Kßfn¬- X-- - - - v- Xm-bXpw- {i-t≤-bam¿-∂Xp-am-b- {]-h¿-Ø߃- Im-gNh®- ap≥- a-{¥n- _n.-sh- - - - - - - -v - - B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn¬- Np-fp-ßn-t∏m-b- √nw-KvS¨- (1928 Hm-KÃv- 28 ˛- 2006 ta-bv- 10)- F-gp-Xn-b- `-cWkvacWIfn-se- C- - - Xp-hsc- {]-kn-≤o-Icn-°s∏-Sm-Ø- Nn-e- A-[ym-b߃- t{Im-ktdm-Un¬.- - - H-cp- Im-eL´Øn¬- tI-cfØn-etßm-fan-tßm-fw- km-∂n-[yw- n-en¿-Øn- - - - b- Xo-ctZ-iØp- n-∂v- D-b¿-∂p- h-∂v- a-etbm-c- I¿-jI- t-Xm-hpw- km-aq-ly- - - hn-πhIm-cn-bp-am-bn- am-dn-b- sh-√nw-KvS¨s‚- B-flIYm-]cam-b- `-cWkvac- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - v- - - - - - Im-Wm-n-√m-Ø- quot;H ^o-en-ßv- -cp- Im-e-L-´w- h-sc- a-Ωp- ´n-°p- th-≠n- tb-ip-Zm-kv- am-{X- am-bn-cp-∂p- ]m-Sp-∂-Xv.- ]-t£,- C- W-bn¬- `-cWØn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂- m-fp-Ifn-se- kw-`h߃- hy-‡hpw- hn-iZ- am-bpw- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-Ibm-W.v - - - - - Po-hn-XØn-epw- cm-j{So-bØn-epw- th-dn-´- ssi-en-b°p-Sabpw- Xo-{h- I-Ωyq- - Wn-Ãv- hn-cp-≤- bm-Ym-ÿn-Xn-IXbn¬- n-∂v- I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv- k-lbm-{Xn-Ipw- a- - -v - - - - - - -v - - - - - - B tUm-Iv-S¿-am¿- ip-]{Xn-Ifn¬- cm-{Xn- tUm- - - - _p-°-v sN-bXp.- A-∂-v F-k.v Sn.-Un- G¿- -v - ∂p- ]-e- Km-b-I-cpw- ]m-Sp-∂p-≠v.- k-Xy-Øn¬- Cu- ]m-´p-Iƒ- ko- n¬- Im-Wp-tºmƒ- a-Ωq-´o-sS- ap- Jw- A-ßp- Np-fp-ßn-t∏m-b- H-cp- {¥n-bp-am-bn- am-dn-b- hy-‡n-bm-W-v _n.-sh-√nw-KS¨.- F-k.v _m-Ãy-t‚-bpw- F¬- -v - - IvS¿-am¿- D-≠m-Im-dn-s√-∂p- ]-cm-Xn- tI- - ∏m-Sv- D-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√.- ^o-en-ßm-Wv.- kn- _m-Ãy-t‚-bpw- c-≠m-asØ- a-Im-bn- sIm-√w- Im-hm-S-v Xm-acti-cn- Ip-Spw- - - - - - ´p.- t-cn-´p- X-s∂- A-tz-jn-®t∏mƒ- - I-Æq-cn-se- sS-en-t^m-¨- F-Ik-v -v ˛- Fw.-Pn.-{io-Ip-am¿- (N-e®n-{X- Km- - _-Øn¬- P-n-®p.- tX-hc- tk-{I-U-v lm¿-´-v tIm-fP,v - Xr-iq¿- tI-cf- h¿-a- tIm-f- - - - ]-e- B-ip-]{Xn-Ifn-epw- cm-{Xn- H≥-]- - - tN-©n¬- C-cp-∂- kv{Xo- -√- tk-h- - - b-I≥-)- Pv- F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬- n-∂v- hn-Zym-`ym-kw- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n.- hn-Zym-`ym-k- Im-e- Øp- X-s∂- kzm-X{¥y- k-acØn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-ØXn-m¬- tX-hc- tk-{I-U-v lm¿- - - - - - Xp- a-Wn- I-gn-™m¬- tUm-IS¿-am¿- D- -v X-X]cbm-bn-cp-∂Xp- sIm-≠pw- a-{¥n- -v - - - quot; Xm-c-߃-°p- cm-jv-{So-b- e- ≠m-Im-dn-s√-∂X-v H-cp- k-Xy-am-sW-∂p- - bm-W-v kw-km-cn-°p-∂sX-∂- hn-iZo-I- - - £y-ßfp-≠m-hp-∂Xn-se-¥m-Wp- - - ´v- tIm-fPn¬- n-∂-v ]p-dØm-°s∏-´p.- sIm-√w- sk- - - - t_m-[yw- h-∂p.- A-Sp-Øp- Xm-akn-°p- - c-Ww- t-ctØ- X-s∂- -eIn-bn-cp-∂- - -v ‚ v- A-tem-jy-kv- ssl-kvIq-fn¬- K-Wn-X- im-kv- - sX-‰v.- k-aq-l-Øn-p- -√-Xp- sN- ∂- tUm-Iv-S-tdm-Sv- A-Xym-h-iy- Im-cy- Xn-m-epw- h-en-b- Xm-akan-√m-sX- Xn- - - ø-W-sa-∂m-{K-l-ap-≈- k-º-∂¿- {X- A-[ym-]Im-bn-cn-s°- tIm-¨{K-kv- cm-j{So- - - - v- am-sW-∂p- Uyq-´n- -gk-v A-dn-bn-®m-te- -v cp-h¥]p-cw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-fP-v B- - - - - b-Øn¬- {]-th-in-®p.- cm-jv{So-bØn¬- h-cWsa-∂m-Wv- - - - - F-Øm-dp-≈p.- ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°p-≈- sS-en-t^m-¨- I- - F-s‚- A-`n-{]m-bw.- ^m.-tPm-k^-v h-S°s‚- {]-h¿-Ø- co-Xn-bn¬- - - - - tcm-Kn-Isf- In-SØn- Nn-In-’n-°p- - - W-£≥- In-´n.- B-Ir-jSm-b- _m-Ãy≥- sh-√nw-KS¨- {]-h¿-Ø- -v - -v - ˛-kp-a-e-X- (kn-n-am- Xm-cw-)- ∂- F-√m- Xm-eq-°,v - Pn-√m,- sa-Un-°¬- t^m-Wn¬- H-cp- kv{Xo- i-_Zw- X- - v- w- Ip-Sn-tb-‰- I¿-jI¿-°p- th-≠n- am-‰n-h®p.- hn- - - tIm-f-Pv- B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn-epw- cm-{Xn- s∂-bm-Wv.- quot;-quot;Bcm- kw-km-cn-°p-∂Xv- - - - quot; F-√m-hcp-tS-bpw- sa-®s∏-´- B- - - Zym-`ym-k- _n-√n-s-Xn-cm-b- k-acØn-epw- hn-tam- - - Uyq-´n-°v- tUm-ISsd- n-ban-°Wsa- v- - - - - ?-'-'- aq-∂p- {]m-h-iyw- C-Xp- X-s∂- B- tcm-Ky-sØ- e-£y-am-°n-bm-Wv- N-- k-acØn-epw- an-®`q-an- k-acØn-epw- Ip-Sn-bn- - - - - - ∂p- B-tcm-Ky- a-{¥n-sb-∂- n-ebn¬- - h¿-Øn-®p.- quot;-quot;-Xn-cp-h--¥-]p-cw- sa-Un- Rm≥- ]-®-°-dn-sb- t{]m-’m-ln- d-°v- k-acØn-epw- {]-ap-J- ]-¶v- h-ln-®n-cp-∂p.- - - Rm≥- n¿-tZ-iw- -eIn-bn-cp-∂p.- -v °¬- tIm-fP-v B-ip-]{Xn- A-t√-?''--- F- - - ∏n-°p-∂-Xv.- I-gn-°p-∂- B-lm- 1961˛¬- a-em-Sv- I¿-jI- bq-Wn-bs‚- sk-{I- - - - n¿-tZ-iw- -eIp-∂Xp- sIm-≠-v am- -v - s‚- i-_v-Zw- D-b¿-∂p.- A-t∏m-gpw- A- cw- H-cp- Im-gv-N-∏m-Sp- Iq-Sn- -Ω- ´-dn-bm-bpw- 1962˛¬- I¿-j-I- sXm-gn-em-fn- ]m¿-´n- {X-am-bn-√t√m.- B- n¿-tZ-i߃- ]m- - - hn-sS- n-∂v- ]-gb- tNm-Zyw- X-s∂.- Xn- - fn¬- D-≠m-°p-∂p.- (sI.-Sn.-]n-)-˛-bp-sS- P--d¬- sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bpw- {]- en-°s∏-Sp-∂p-t≠m-sb-∂p- Nn-et∏m- - - cp-h¥]p-cw- F-IktN-©n¬- n-∂-v - - - -v -v ˛-P-Ãn-kv- hn.-B¿,.-Ir-jv-W-ø¿- h¿-Øn-®p.- aq-∂mw- tI-cf- n-bak`- (1965)-˛bn¬- - - - - - sg-¶n-epw- n¿-tZ-iw- -eIn-b- a-{¥n- X- -v H-cp- a-dp-]Sn.- quot;-quot;km¿,- Xn-cp-h¥]p-cw- - - - - - (kp-{]ow- tIm-S-Xn- ap≥- P-Uv-Pn-)- I¬-]‰- n-tbm-PI- a-fieØn¬- n-∂pw- m-emw- - - - - s∂- ]-cn-tim-[n-°p-∂Xp- -∂m-bn-cn-°p- - X-s∂- I-W£≥- sIm-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-I- - quot; m-b-I≥- I-cp-Øv- sX-fn-bn- tI-c-f- n-b-a- k-`- (1970)-˛-bn¬- ]-≈p-cp-Øn- n- sa-∂p- H-cp- kw-`hw- hy-‡am-°p-∂p.- - - bm-W.v - kw-km-cn-t®m-fq-fq.- C-Sbn¬- sS- - °-Wsa-¶n¬- D-cp-°p-tIm-´sb- C- - - tbm-P-I- a-fi-e-Øn¬- n-∂pw- sX-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p.- 1967 ap-X¬- 1969 h-sc- Xo-bXn- Ir-Xy-am-bn- Hm¿-abn-√.- H- - - en-t^m-¨- F-IktN-©n-se- i-_Zw- -v -v -v Sn-®p-n-c-Ø-Ww.- B- D-cp-°p-tIm- Cw.-Fw.-Fkv.ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv- a-{¥n- k-`bn-se- B-tcm-Ky- h-Ip-∏p- a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp- - - - - cm-gvNsØ- a-e_m¿- ]-cy-SØn-n-S- - - - - - Iq-Sn-bm-b-t∏mƒ- t^m-Wn¬- kw-km- ´-bm-bn-cp-∂p- kn-n-a-bn¬- Fw.- ∂p.- {Km-ao-W- Ip-Sn-sh-≈- ]-≤Xn-Iƒ,- tlm-an-tbm-∏Xn- h-Ip-∏-v cq-]hXIcWw,- - - - - -v - - bn-em-WXv.- I-Æq¿- Sq-dn-Ãv- _w-•m-hn- - cn-®n-cp-∂- kv{Xo-°-v G-tXm- hn.-sF.-]n- - F≥.--ºym¿.- Hm-tcm- kn-n-a-bp- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-fP-v {]-th-iØn--v am¿-°-v am-Zfiam-°n-bX,v - k¿-°m¿- tem- - - - - - - - em-Wv- c-≠p- aq-∂p- Zn-h-k-sØ- Xm-a- {S-¶-v hn-fn-°p-∂p- F-∂dn-™Xn-m-em- - - sS- ss¢-am-Ivkn-epw- a-cn-®p-ho-Wp- - ´-dn- G¿-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv- F-∂n-ß-s- n-c-h-[n- D-Zm-l-c-W-߃- _n.-sh-√nw-Kv-S- kw.- H-cp- Zn-hksØ- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- I- - - Imw- H-cp- ]-X¿-®.- quot;-quot;-k¿,- k¿,- sa-Un- sIm-≠v- A-t±-lw- X-s‚- Im-e-L- Wn-s‚- `-cWss-]p-Wy-Øn-v- n-Zm-ßfm-Wv.- - - - - gn-s™-Øn-b-t∏mƒ- ]m-Xn-cm-{Xn- °¬- tIm-fPv- B-W''.- - v- - ´-Øn-se- m-b-I--S-∑m-sc- A- Xn-I™- hm-‹n-bpw- kw-Lm-SIp-am-bn-cp-∂- _n.-sh-√nw-KS¨- sXm-gn-em- - - - v- - bm-bn.- A-t∏m-gpw- Ip-td- ]-cm-Xn-°m¿- quot;-quot;CXv- n-ßfp-sS- a-{¥n,- sh-√nw-Kv- - - - iz-c-cm°n.- fn- Zn-]{X-Øn-s‚- No-^v- F-Un-‰¿,- k-akX- tI-cf- km-ln-Xy- ]-cn-jØn-s‚- - - - v- - - D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- A-h-sc-sb-√mw- I- S-¨- B-Wv- kw-km-cn-°p-∂Xv,- I-Æq- - ˛P-b-dmw- (kn-n-am-Xm-cw) tPm-bn-‚ v- sk-{I-´-dn- F-∂o- n-e-I-fn-epw- tk-h--a-p-jv-Tn-®n-´p-≠v.- C-¥y≥- m-jW¬- tIm-¨{K-kn-s‚- tIm-˛Hm¿-Un-t-‰dm-bn- {]-h¿-Øn-®p.- sF.-F≥.-Sn.- - - - - ≠v- Ip-fn- I-gn-™-t∏mƒ- H-cp- a-Wn- cn¬- n-∂m-Wv.- Uyq-´n- tUm-ISsd- hn- v- - quot; F-n-°v- kw-K-o-Xw- A-dn-bn- I-gn-™n-cp-∂p- F-∂m-Wv- Hm¿-a.- A-Sp- fn-°q..-''- F-∂p- Rm≥.- quot;-quot;k¿,- tUm-Iv- - - s√-¶n-epw- kw-KXw- ¬-Ip-∂- A- - bp.-kn- ÿm-]I- t-Xm-°fn¬- H-cm-fm-bn-cp-∂p.- k-Xy-km-bn- tk-hm- k-an-Xn,- - - Ø- Zn-hkw- cm-hn-se- G-gn-p- ho-≠pw- - S¿- hm¿-Un¬- t]m-bn-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv''- - -- in-hKn-cn- a-Tw,- B-eØq¿- kvt-lw- Nm-cn-‰_nƒ- {S-Ãv,- ]-Øm-]p-cw- Km-‘n- - - - - - p-`q-Xn- A-dn-bm≥- I-gn-™-Xn- ]-cn-]m-Sn- Xp-S-ß-Ww.- a-{¥n- Xm-a-kn- F-∂-v B- kv{Xo- X-d∏n-®p- ]-d™p.- a- - - - s‚- t]-cn¬- ]-d-bp-I-bm-Wv,- `ow- {Km-aw- Nm-cn-‰_nƒ- {S-Ã-v Xp-Sßn- n-ch[n- km-aq-ly- tk-h- {]-ÿm-ßfp-am- - - - - - - - ®m¬- A-X-v A-£¥y-hy-am-b- A-]cm- - - dp-]Sn- tI-´t∏mƒ- B-izm-kam-bn.- cm- - - - bn- k-lIcn-®p- {]-h¿-Øn-®p.- Po-hn-XØn-epw- cm-jv{So-bØn-epw- F-∂pw- kz- - - - - - sk≥- tP-mjn-°v- Xp-ey-m-bn- `ow- - [-at√.- - {Xn-bn¬- Uyq-´n-°v- tUm-ISdp-≠t√m.- v- - - sk-≥- tPm-j-n- am-{X-ta-bp-≈q.- ¥w- Im-gvN∏m-Sv- ]p-e¿-Øn-bn-cp-∂- sh-√nw-KvS¨- 78 ˛mw- h-bkn¬- A-¥cn-®p.- - - - - - - D-dßm≥- In-S∂t∏mƒ- H-cp- Nn-¥.- - - - I-Æq-cn¬- n-∂-v A-X-v ]-cn-tim-[n-°m≥- `m-cy- sIm-®n- Ip-ºfßn- H.-F¬.-F^v.Pn- ssl-kIqƒ- dn-´tb-Uv- sl-Uan- - - - - v- - v- ˛H.-hn.-D-j- (F-gp-Øp-Im-cn-)- Xn-cp-h¥]p-cw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-fPv- - - - - I-gn-™p- F-∂Xn¬- G-sd- k-t¥m-jw.- - quot; H-cp- a-{¥n-tb-bpw- ]m¿-´n- sk- kv-{S-kv- F-en-k-_-Øv- 2004 am¿-®v- G-gn-v- n-cym-X-bm-bn.- (P--w-:- 1929 -hw- B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬- C-t∏mƒ- Uyq-´n- tUm- - km-[m-cW- co-Xn-bp-kcn-®-v D-Ss- - - - - _¿- 23).- 48 h¿-j-sØ- hn-hm-l-_-‘w.- a-°-fn-√.- sh-√nw-Kv-S-Wn-v- aq-∂v- k- IvS¿- D-≠m-Ip-tam-?.- kw-ibw- h-∂m¬- - - t^m-Wpw- Xm-sg- h-®-v kw-Xr-]Xn-tbm- -v {I-´dn-tb-bpw- kvXp-Xn-°m≥- t]m- - - tlm-Zcßfm-Wp-≈Xv.- aq-Ø- k-tlm-Zc≥- t_-_n- (85)- dn-´tb-Uv- A-[ym-]I- - - - - - - - ]-cn-tim-[n-°Ww.- 35Z- ssa¬- A-Ise.-- - sS- D-dßmw.- t]m-sc-¶n¬- cm-hn-se- Hm- - Im-tXbpw- H-cp- I-hn-°v- h-en-b- m-Wv.- C-fb- k-tlm-Zc≥- ssa-°n-fpw- (75)- dn-´tb-Uv- ssl-kIqƒ- A-[ym-]I- - - - v- - D-dßm≥- In-S∂- Rm≥- F-gp-t∂-‰p- sN- - - ´w- Xp-Stß-≠Xt√-?.- ]-t£- H-cp- kw- - - - ]p-c-kv-Im-c-߃- e`n-°mw- F-∂- m-Wv.- G-‰hpw- C-fb- k-tlm-Zc≥- A-eIkv- (71).- - - - - v- ∂v- sS-en-t^m-Wn¬- Xn-cp-h¥]p-cw- - - - i-bw.- In-´n-b- a-dp-]Sn- k-Xy-am-tWm-?- - Xn-s‚- am-Xr-I-bm-Wv- A-°n-Øw.- `-cWkacWIfp-sS- F-Un-‰nw-K-v tXm-ak-v a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]≈n¬.- - - -v - - - - - - sa-Un-°¬- tIm-fPn-te-°-v {S-¶-v tImƒ- - (Xp-Scpw-)- - ˛]n.-kp-tc-{µ≥- (F-gp-Øp-Im-c≥)-
    • 6 B-tc-m-Kyw-- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 sk¿hn°¬ Im≥kdnsXntc K¿Umkn¬ hmIvkn≥ FwFkvUn C¥y ]pdØnd°n t{Im-kv-td-m-Uv- yq-kv- kv-{Xo-I-fn-em-Wv- ]-T-w- -S-Øn- Hm¿-°-W-sa-∂v- tUm.- o-c-P- Nq- F-®v-]n-hn- hm-Iv-kn≥- -ev-Ip-∂-Xn- cm-Py-߃- s]m-Xp- ^-≠v- D-]-tbm- F-∂- t]-cn¬- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂- b-sX-∂v- Hmƒ- C-¥y- C≥-Ãn-‰yq- ≠n-°m-´n.- v- sF-F-]n-˛-kn-H-sF- in-]m¿-i- Kn-®v- hm-Iv-kn-t-j≥- ]-cn-]m-Sn- B- t Km- f - K- t h- j - W m- S n- ÿ m- - sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- X- S-bm≥- lyq-a≥- ]m-∏n-tem-a- ssh- ´v- Hm-^v- sa-Un-°¬- k-b≥-k-kn- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿,- P-n- sN-øp-∂p.- ]-Øp- h-b-kv- ap-X¬- Iƒ- -S-Øp-∂p.- Øn¬- {]- h ¿- Ø n- ° p- ∂ - ^m¿- a - se- (F- s F- s F- F w- F - k v , - yq- ‰¬- hm¿-´p-Iƒ- F-∂n-h-b-S-°w- H- 12 h- b - k v - h- s c- b p- ≈ - {]m- b - K¿-Um-kn-en-s-°p-dn-®v- (Izm- kyq- ´ n- ° ¬- I- º - n- b m- W v.- d-kv- (F-®v-]n-hn-)- hm-Iv-kn≥- ]p-d- U¬-ln-)- tUm.- o-c-P- `m-´v-e- ]-d- cp- ]n-Sn- tcm-K-߃-s°-Xn-tc- Izm- Øn¬- B-Zy- hm-Iv-kn-pw- ]n-∂n- {Un-h-e-‚ v- lyq-a≥- ]m-]n-tem-a- 1891˛¬- B-cw-`n-®- sa¿-°v- B≥- Øn-d-°n.- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- ™p.- πm-kn-t_m- n-b-{¥-W-ß- {Un-h-e-‚ v- F-®v-]n-hn- hm-Iv-kn≥- Sv- 26 h-b-kp- h-sc- Xp-S¿-∂p-f-f- ssh-d-kv- (ssS-]v- 6,- 11,- 16,- 18)- hm- Uv- I-º-n- 20 sX-dm-]yq-´n-Iv- hn- X- S - b p- ∂ - X n- p- ≈ - K¿- U m- k n¬- tfm-sS- dm≥-U-ssa-kv-Uv,- U-_nƒ- ^-e-{]-Z-am-sW-∂v- apw-s_-bn-se- hm-Iv-kn≥- -ev-Ip-∂-Xn-m-Wv- in- Iv-kn≥-).- `m-K-ß-fn-em-bn- hn-hn-[- hm-Iv-kn- hm-Iv-kn≥- (Izm-{Un-h-e-‚ v- lyq- ssª≥-Uv- ]-T--ß-fm-Wv- -S-Øn- P-kv-tem-Iv- B≥-Uv- {_o-®v- Im≥- ]m¿-i- sN-ø-s∏-´n-´p-≈-Xv.- aq-∂p- Izm-{Un-h-e-‚ v- hm-Iv-kn-m-Wv- p-Ifpw- a-cp-∂p-Ifpw- n¿-an-°p-∂p.- - - a≥- ]m-∏n-tem-a-ssh-d-kv- (ssS-∏v- b-Xv.- F-®v-]n- ssh-d-kv- ssS-∏p-Iƒ- Un- tlm- k v - ] n- ‰ - e n- s e- C- ¥ y≥- tUm-kp-I-fm-bn- 0,-2,-6 am-k-ß-fn¬- K¿-Um-kn¬.- B-dp- am-k-ß-fn-em- a-cp-∂v- ]-c-am-h-[n- t]-cn¬- F-Øp- 6,- 11,- 16,- 18)- hm-Iv-kn≥-)- A-ta-cn- _m-[n-®n-´n-√m-Ø- 98 i-X-am-w- A-°m-Z-an- Hm-^v- ]o-Un-bm-{Sn-Iv- -ev-Ip-∂-Xn-m-Wv- in-]m¿-i- sN- bn- aq-∂p- tUm-kp-I-fn¬- t]-in- ∂-Xn-m-bn- sa¿-°v- B≥-Uv- I-º- °-bn-se- sa¿-°v- B≥-Uv- I-º- kv-{Xo-I-fn-epw- F-®v-]n-hn- ssS-]v- kn-s‚- ap≥- {]-kn-U-‚ v- tUm.- ø-s∏-´n-´p-≈-Xv.- hm-Iv-kn≥- H-cp- Iƒ-°p- ≈n-te-bv-°p- -ev-Ip-∂- Ip- n- a-cp-∂p-Iƒ- ku-P-y-am-bn- - n-bp-sS- k-l-ÿm-]--am-b- Fw- tUm-kn-s‚- hn-e- 2,-800 cq-]-bm- Øn-h-bv-]m-Wn-Xv.- ev-Ip-I-bpw- B-h-iy-ap-≈-h¿-°v- a- F- k v - U n- ^m¿- a - k yq- ´ n- ° ¬- k v - Wv.- K¿-Um-kn¬- hm-Iv-kn≥- (Izm- cp-∂v- F-Øn-®p- -ev-Ip-∂-Xn-v- k- ss{]-h-‰v- en-an-‰-Uv- (C-¥y-)- B- sk¿-hn-Iv-kn-s- (tbm-n-bp- {Un-h-e-‚ v- lyq-a≥- ]m-]n-tem-a- lm-bn-°p-I-bpw- sN-øp-∂p.- em-t`- Wv- ]p-d-Øn-d-°n-b-Xv.- F-®v-]n-hn- am-bn- Iq-Sn-t®-cp-∂- K¿-`m-i-b-Øn- ssh-d-kv- (ssS-]v- 6,- 11,- 16,- 18)- hm- —-bn-√m-sX- sa¿-°v- B≥-Uv- I-º- ssh-d-kv- aq-e-ap-≈- sk¿-hn-°¬- s‚- Xm-gv-`m-Kw-)- _m-[n-°p-∂- Im≥- n- B-tcm-Ky-hn-h-c-߃- {]-kn-≤o- Im≥-k-dn-s-Xn-tc-bp-≈- C-¥y-bn- k-dm-Wv- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- I-cn-°p-I-bpw- sN-øm-dp-≠v.- se- B-Zy-sØ- hm-Ivkn-m-Wn-Xv.- - (K¿-`m-i-b-K-f- A¿-_p-Zw-).- km-[m- sa¿-°v- B≥-Uv- I-º-n-bp-sS- ssS-∏v- 6,- 11,- 16,- 18 F-∂n-ß- c-W-bm-bn- I-≠p-h-cp-∂- lyq-a≥- C- ¥ y≥- k- _ v - k n- U n- b - d n- b m- b - s- m-ep- X-cw- lyq-a≥- ]m-∏n-tem- ]m-]n-tem-a- ssh-d-kv- A-Y-hm- F- Fw-F-kv-Un- ^m¿-a-kyq-´n-°¬-kv- a- ssh-d-kp-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc- {]-h¿- ®v-]n-hn-bm-Wv- C-Xn-p- Im-c-W-am- ss{]-h-‰v- en-an-‰-Uv- (Fw-F-kv-Un- Øn-°m≥- I-gn-bp-∂- G-I- hm-Iv- Ip-∂-Xv.- hn-hn-[- X-cw- F-®v-]n- ssh- Iv-kn≥-)- lyq-a≥- ]m-∏n-tem-a-ssh- C-¥y-)- 2005˛¬- n-e-hn¬- h-∂p.- kn-m-Wn-Xv.- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥- d-kp- I-fn¬-n-∂p-≈- tcm-K-_m-[- d-kv- (F-®v-]n-hn-)- ssS-]v-kv- 6,- 11,- C-¥y-bv-°v- tbm-Pn-°p-∂- an-I-®- k¿- Iq-Sm-sX- A-km-[m-c-W-am-b- aq-ew- sk¿-hn-Iv-kn-se- ]m-fn-I-fn- 16,- 18 F-∂n-h- aq-e-ap-≠m-Ip-∂- D-Xv-]-∂- ߃- n¿-an-°p-∂-Xn-em- Xpw- ]n-∂o-Sv- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥- se- A- k m- [ m- c - W - tIm- i - ß ƒ- tcm-K-߃- X-S-bp-∂-Xn-m-bn- H≥- Wv- I-º-n-bp-sS- {]-[m-- {i-≤.- k-dn-v- Im-c-W-am-tb-°m-hp-∂-Xp- s]-s´-∂v- n-b-{¥-W-an-√m-sX- h- ]-Xp- ap-X¬- 26 h-b-kv- h-sc- {]m- {In-´n-°¬- G-cn-b,- Im¿-Un-tbm- am-b- eo-j-p-Iƒ,- h-ssP-¬- eo- 16,- 18 aq-e-ap-≠m-Im-hp-∂- Im≥-k- ssh.-sI- Aw-t_-Zv-I¿- ]-d-™p.- f-cp-∂-Xm-Wv- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥- b-Øn-ep-≈- s]-¨-Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- hm-kv-Ip-e¿- Un-ko-k-kv,- sa-‰m- j-p-Iƒ,- hƒ-hm¿- eo-j-p-Iƒ,- dn-p- Im-c-W-am-Im-hp-∂- tcm-Km-h- ]-Øp- h-b-kn-p- ap-I-fn¬- {]m- k-dn-p- Xp-S-°w.- kv-{Xo-Iƒ-°p-am-bn- n¿-t±-in-°- t_m-fn-Iv-kv,- hm-Iv-kn≥- F-∂n-ß- P-n-‰¬- hm¿-´p-Iƒ- F-∂n-ß-s- ÿ-I-fn¬-n-∂v- kw-c-£-Ww- - b-ap-≈- kv-{Xo-I-fn¬- F-®v-]n-hn- C-¥y-bn¬- s{_-Ãv- Im≥-k- s∏-´n-´p-≈-Xm-Wv.- s- m-ep- ta-J-e-I-fn-em-Wv- Fw- F-®v-]n-hn- aq-e-ap-≠m-Im-hp-∂- tcm- ev-Ip-∂p-sh-∂v- ]-T--߃- sX-fn- hm-Iv-kn-t-j-v- sF-F-]n- I-Ωn- dn-s- (kv-X-m¿-_p-Zw-)- A-t]-£n- # sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- F-kv-Un- C-¥y- km-∂n-[yw- D-d- K-ß-sf- sN-dp-°p-∂-Xn-pw- Cu- bn-®p.- tem-I-sa-ßpw- 70 i-X-am- ‰n- Hm-^v- C-ayq-ssW-tk-j≥- in- ®v- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dm-Wv- kv- # P-n-‰¬- hm¿-´p-Iƒ- (tIm- ∏m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.- hm-Iv-kn-v- I-gn-bpw.- H≥-]-Xp- h- w- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dn-pw- ]m¿-i- sN-bv-Xn-´p-s≠-∂v- A-t±- {Xo-I-fn-se- G-‰-hpw- km-[m-c-W- ≠n-tem-a- A-Iyq-an-t-‰-)- Iq-Sm-sX- an-I-®- D-Xv-]-∂-߃- hn-]-W- b-kv- ap-X¬- 26 h-b-kp-h-sc- {]m- Im- c - W - a m- I p- ∂ - X v - Cu- ssS- ∏ v - lw- ]-d-™p.- s]m-Xp- P-m-tcm- am-b- A¿-_p-Zw.- C-¥y-bn¬- 15 Im≥-k-dn-p- Im-c-W-am-tb-°m-hp- w- sN-øp-∂-Xn-p-≈- sk-bn¬- b-ap-≈- s]-¨-Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v- K¿-Um- ssh-d-kp-I-fm-Wv.- Ky-Im-cy-Øn¬- `m-hn-bn¬- h-en- h-b-kn-p- ap-I-fn¬- {]m-b-ap-≈- ∂- A-s√-¶n¬- Un-kv-πm-Ãn-Iv- eo- kv,- am¿-°-‰nw-Kv- kw-hn-[m--Øn- kn¬- hm-Iv-kn≥- -ev-Ip-∂-Xn-m- Iq-Sp-X¬- t]-cn¬- -S-Øn-b- b- am-‰-߃-°p- Im-c-W-am-Ip-∂-Xn- 365 Z-i-e-£w- kv-{Xo-I-fn¬- sk¿- j-p-Iƒ-:- sm-∏w- C-¥y-bn-se- {]-ap-J- B- Wv- ip-]m¿-i.- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥- πm-kn-t_m- n-b-{¥n-X,- U-_nƒ- pw- kv-{Xo-I-sf- A-h-cp-sS- bu-h- hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- _m-[n-°p-∂-Xn- # sk¿-hn-°¬- C≥-{Sm-F-∏n- ip-]-{Xn-Iƒ,- k¿-h-I-em-im-e-Iƒ- k-dn-pw- a-‰v- A-p-_-‘- tcm-K- ssª≥-Uv,- dm≥-U-ssa-kv-Uv,- aƒ- -Im-e-Øv- _m-[n-°p-∂- sk¿-hn- p- ≈ - km- [ y- X - I - f p- ≠ v . - C- ¥ y- Øo-en-b¬- eo-j≥- (kn-sF-F≥- F- ∂ n- h - b p- a m- b n- tN¿- ∂ v - ¢n- n- ߃- ° p- s a- X n- t c- A- t a- c n- ° - b n- ´n- sk≥-{Sn-Iv- ]-T--ß-fn¬- F-®v- °¬- Im≥-k-dn¬- n-∂v- kw-c-£- bn¬- {]-Xn-h¿-jw- 1.-3 e-£w- (1,- 1)- t{K-Uv- 1 °¬- K-th-j- W-]-≤-Xn-I-fpw- - se- F-^v-Un-F- Aw-Ko-I-cn-®- hm- ]n-hn- ssS-∏v- 6,- 11 F-∂n-h- aq-e-ap- Ww- -ev-Ip-∂-Xn-pw- Ip-Spw-_- ß- 320,-82)- kv-{Xo-I-fn¬- sk¿-hn-°¬- # sk¿-hn-°¬- A-Un-tm-Im¿- S-Øp-∂p.- C-¥y≥- Iu-¨-kn¬- Iv-kn-m-Wv- K¿-Um-kn¬.- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- A-Y- hm- bq-´-ssd≥- sk¿-hn-Iv-kn-s- _m-[n-°p-∂- Im≥-k¿- a-c-W-Im- c-W-am-Im-hp-∂- tcm-K-am-Wv.- K¿-`- ]m-{X-sØ- tbm-n-bp-am-bn- tbm- F®v ]n hn km[m-cW sshdkv; Pn-∏n-°p-∂- C-Sp-ßn-b- `m-K-am-Wv- sk¿- h n- I v - k v . - sk¿- h n- I v - k n- s e- ]m-fn-I-fn-se- tIm-i-ß-sf- km-[m- c-Wm-h-ÿ-bn¬- n-∂pw- Im≥-k- Ak-l-ob A¿_pZw dn-p- Im-c-W-am-Im-hp-∂- eo-j-p- I-fm-°n- am-‰p-∂-Xn-v- F-®v-]n- ssh- sk ¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dn- p- Im-c-W-am-Ip-∂- lyq-a≥- ]m- Im-Wp-∂p-≠v.- en-h¿- Im≥-k-dn- p- am-{X-ta- n-e-hn¬- hm-Iv-kn- d-kp-Iƒ-°v- I-gn-bpw.- Cu- eo-j- ∏n-tem-a- ssh-d-kv- (F-®v-]n-hn-)- t-j≥- D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈p.- p-Iƒ- t-c-sØ- I-s≠-Øn- Nn- km-[m-c-W-am-b- H-cp- ssh-d-km- s]-¨-Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v- sk¿-hn- In-’n-®n-s√-¶n¬- A-h- G-Xm-pw- Wv.- q-dn-te-sd- X-cØn-ep-≈- F- - °¬- Im≥-k¿- h-cm-Xn-cn-°m≥- h¿-j-߃-°p-≈n- ¬- Im≥-k-dm- bn- am-dmw.- Hm-tcm- a-Wn-°q-dn-epw- ®v]n-hn-Ifp-≠v.- A-Xn¬- an-°Xpw- - - - Iu-am-c-{]m-b-Øn¬- X-s∂- hm- C-¥y-bn¬- F-´p- kv-{Xo-I-fp-sS- a- Xm-cXtay-- n-cp-]{Z-hIcam-Wv.- - - - - - - Ivkn≥- F-Sp-°p-∂Xv- D-]Im-c{]- - - - - c-W-Øn-v- sk¿-hn-°- ¬- Im≥- A-h- F-s¥-¶n-epw- Im-W-Ø-°- Z-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v- F-d-Wm-Ip-fw- k¿- Im-cWam-Ip-∂p-s≠-∂m-Wv- I- - - e-£W߃- Im-Wn-°m-dn-√.- A- - - tUm.- Ip-™m-eq-kv- tlm-kv-]n- W- ° v . - C- ¥ y≥- kv - { Xo- I - f n¬- Xp- Xm-t- t]m-Ip-Ibpw- sN-øpw.- - ‰¬- ]o-Un-bm-{Sn-Iv-kv- ko-n-b¿- Im≥-k¿- aq-e-ap-≈- a-c-W-ß-fn¬- A-Xn¬- G-I-tZ-iw- 30 F-Æ-am- I-¨kƒ-´‚ v- tUm.-Po-k¨.- m- - - - G-‰-hpw- {]-[m-- Im-c-W-hpw- B- Wv- kv-{Xo-I-fp-tS-bpw- ]p-cp-j-∑m- ev]Xp- h-bkn-p- ap-Ifn-ep-≈- kv- - - - - tKm-f-X-e-Øn¬- Im≥-k¿- aq-e-ap- cp-tS-bpw- D-Xv-]m-Z-t-{µn-b- {]-tZ- {Xo-Iƒ- Im≥-k¿- ]-cn-tim-[-- ≈- kv-{Xo-I-fp-sS- a-c-W-Øn¬- c- i-ßsf- _m-[n-°p-∂Xv.- sk¿-hn- - - -SØp-∂Xv- io-eam-°n-bm¬- Xp- - - - ≠m-a-sØ- {]-[m-- Im-c-W-hpw- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dm-Wv.- F-√m- °¬- Im≥-kdn-v- F-Xn-tc-bp-≈- - S-°-Øn-te- Nn-In-’n-°mw.- tI- h¿-j-hpw- C-¥y-bn¬- G-I-tZ-iw- K¿-Um-kn¬- hm-Iv-kn≥- ip-`-{]- c-fØn¬- tUm-IS¿-am-cp-sS- `m-cy- - v- 74,-000 kv-{Xo-Iƒ- sk¿-hn-°¬- Xo-£- -ev-Ip-∂p.- am¿- t]m-epw- km-[m-cW- ]-cn-tim- - Im≥-k¿- aq-ew- a-c-W-a-S-bp-∂p.- m-ep- h¿-K-Øn-ep-≈- lyq- [-- -S-Øm-dn-√- F-∂-Xv- tJ-Z- tem- I - s a- º m- S pw- sk¿- h n- ° ¬- a≥- ]m-∏n-tem-a- ssh-dkp-Iƒ-°v- - tUm.-Ir-jW≥ mb¿ v tUm.- Po-k¨ ARvP mcm-b≥ I-cam-W.v - - Im≥-k¿- aq-e-ap-≈- a-c-W-ß-fn¬- F-Xn-tc-bp-≈- K¿-Um-kn¬- hm- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dn-v- m-en-sem-∂p- h-cp-an-Xv.- C-¥y-bn- Iv-kn≥- aq-∂p- tUm-kv- -ev-In- F-Xn-tc-bp-≈- K¿-Um-kn¬- hm- se- kv-{Xo-I-fn¬- sk¿-hn-°¬- tem-I-sa-ºm-Sp-am-bn- G-I-tZ- sa-∂n-√.- F-∂m¬- Im-WØ°- - - nw-Kv- sS-Ãv- -S-Øn-bm-te- tcm-K- bm¬- kw-c-£-Ww- Po-hn-X-Im- iw- 630 Z-i-e-£w- t]¿-°v- C-Ø- A-cn-ºm-dtbm- (hm¿-Sk)- a-t‰m- C- - -v -v _m-[- ÿn-co-I-cn-°m-m-Iq.- Iv-kn≥- C-t∏mƒ- 108 cm-Py-ß- Im≥-k¿- h-cm-p-f-f- km-[y-X- B- tKm-f-X-e-Øn-te-Xn-s‚- C-c-´n-bm- ew- ap-gp-h≥- e-`y-am-Ip-sa-∂m-Wv- cw- Im≥-k¿- _m-[n-®n-´p-≠.v - ssew- √m-Øt∏mƒ- X-s∂- ssh-dk-v ]-I- - - Xn-I-®pw- A-k-l-o-b-am-b- fn¬- e-`y-am-sW-∂v- Fw-FkUn- - v- Wv.- B-tKm-f-X-e-Øn¬- kv-{Xo-I- {]-Xo-£..- F-∂m¬- A-©p- h¿- Kn-I-am-bn- k-Pn-h-am-b- ]-Ip-Xn- cp-Ibp-am-Imw.- i-co-cØn-‚- kzm-`m- - - tcm-K-ß-fn¬- H-∂m-Wv- sk¿-hn- ^m¿-a-kyq-´n-°¬-kv- ss{]-h-‰v- fn¬- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- h- j-tØ-°m-Wv- ^-ew- n-e-n-ev- tbm-fw- kv-{Xo-]p-cp-j-∑m-cn¬- F- hn-I- tcm-K{]-Xn-tcm-[- {]-Xn-IcW- - - - °¬- Im≥-k¿- F-∂v- Xn-cp-h¥- - - en-an-‰-Uv- hm-Iv-kn≥- B≥-Uv- d- cm-p-≈- km-[y-X- 1.-3 i-X-am-sW- °p-I-sb-∂m-Wv- n-e-hn-ep-≈- ®v-]n-hn- _m-[-bp-≠m-Imw.- `q-cn-]- Øn-s‚- ^-eam-bn- an-°- F-®]n-hn- - -v ]p-cw- F-kv-bp-Sn- C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´v- Hm- kv-]n-td-‰-dn- _n-kn--kv- bq-Wn- ¶n¬- C-¥y-bn-se- kv-{Xo-I-fn¬- kq-N-.- H≥-]-Xp- h-b-kn-p- Xm- £w- kv{Xo-Ifn-epw,- A-Xm-bXv- 80 - - - _m-[Ifpw- kz-bw- am-dm-dp-ap-≠.v - - - ^v- l-b¿- kv-s]-jym-en-‰o-kv- ao- ‰v- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- A-Rv-P-- m-cm- 2.-5 i-X-am-w- km-[y-X-bp-≠v.- sg-bp-≈-Xpw- 26 h-b-kn-v- ap-I- i-X-am--tØm-fw,- A≥-]-Xp- h-b- F-I- ]-Xn-Xz-˛]Xn-Xz- ssew- - - v- Un-b- Hm-t¶m-fPn- ko-n-b¿- I-¨- - b≥.- hm-Iv-kn-s‚- hn-e- Ip-d-bv- C-¥y-bn¬- A-[n-I- _m-[y- fn-ep-≈Xp-am-b- kv{Xo-Iƒ-°v- hm- - - °m≥- k-_v-kn-Un- -ev-Im-pw- X-bm-Ip-∂- tcm-K-ß-sf- t-cn-Sp-∂- kn-em-Wv- ssh-d-kv- _m-[-bp-≠m- Kn-I- _-‘-Øn¬- am-{Xw- G¿-s∏- kƒ-´‚ v- tUm.-Ir-jvW≥- m-b¿.- - - Iv-kn≥- -ev-In-√.- A-Xp-t]m-se- Ip-∂-Xv.- 18 ap-X¬- 28 h-b-kp-h- ´m¬- ssh-d-kv- _m-[-bp-sS- km- c-l-ky-`m-K-ß-fn-ep-≈- th-Z-- hym-]Iam-bn- hm-Ikn-t-j≥- - - - v- Xn-v- Fw-F-kv-Un- C-¥y- _-≤-{i- ]p-cp-j-∑m¿-°p-an-√.- 2006 Pq- S-Øm-pw- tI-{µ- k¿-°m-cm-W-v ap- ≤-cm-sW-s∂-∂v- K¿-Um-kn¬- hm- sc- b p- ≈ - h - c p- s S- b n- S - b n¬- C- [y-X- Ip-d-bv-°mw.- ssh-d-kv- _m- bpw- ]-gp-∏pw- H-en-∏pw- tcm-Kn-sb- Iv-kn≥- ]p-d-Øn-d-°n-s°m-≠v- Fw- Wn¬- bp.-F-kv.-F-bn-em-Wv- hm- t∏mƒ- km-[m-c-W-am-Wv.- ]-e- F- [n-X-cp-am-bn- ssew-Kn-I- _-‘w- s]-s´-∂v- am--kn-I-am-bpw- X-f¿- t∂m-´p- h-tc-≠-Xv.- Ip-´n-I-fn¬- F-kv-Un- C-¥y- am-t-Pnw-Kv- U- Ivkn-s‚- Xp-S°w.- s]-s´-∂v- tem- - - ®v-]n-hn- _m-[-Iƒ-°pw- em-©-- ]p-e¿-Øm-Xn-cp-∂m¬- _m-[- I-gn- Øpw.- sk¿-hn-°¬- Iq-Sm-sX- hm- Cu- hm-Ivkn-t-j≥- n¿-_‘n- - - b-d-Iv-S¿- tUm.- -ho≥- F.- dm-hp- I-sa-ºm-Spw- hym-]n-®p.- I-tfm- e-£-W-ß-tfm- Im-W-W- h-Xpw- H-gn-hm-°mw.- ]m-]v- kv-{Io- Pn-¬,- hƒ-h¿- Im≥-k-dp-I-fpw- X-am-°Ww.- - ]-d-™p.- C-¥y≥- kv-{Xo-I-fn-se- Im≥-k¿- aq-e-ap-f-f- a-c-W-ß-fn¬- ≠m-Im-hp-∂- P-n-‰¬- hm¿-´p-Iƒ- sf- kp-c-£n-X-am-bn- Im-Øp-kq- Im≥-k¿- I-s≠-Øp-∂p.- tem-I- kn-tm-a- C≥- kn-‰p- (F-sF-Fk)- - -v Hm-^v- sa-Un-°¬- dn-k¿-®p-am-bn- G- ‰ - h pw- {]- [ m- - Im- c - W - a m- b - s°-Xn-tc- 99 i-X-am-w- ^-e-{]-Z- £n-°p-∂-Xn-pw- Cu- Xo-cp-am-w- sa-ßpw- Cu- tcm-K-ap-≈-h-cp-sS- 25 # sk¿-hn-°¬- C≥-{Sm-F-∏n- tN¿-∂v- sk¿-hn- °¬- Im≥-kn¬- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dn-s-Xn-tc- am-sW-∂v- sX-fn-™p.- tem-I-sa- h-gn-sX-fn-°p-sa-∂pw- tUm.- Aw- i-X-am--Øn¬- A-[n-Iw- h-cp-an-Xv.- Øo-en-b¬- n-tbm-πm-kn-b- (kn- hm-Iv-kn≥- C-¥y≥- s]m-Xp-ta-J- bp-≈- bp-≤-Øn-v- K¿-Um-kn-en- ßpw- 90 i-X-am-w- P-n-‰¬- hm¿- t_-Zv-I¿- ]-d-™p.- sk¿-hn-°¬- ÿn-c-am-b- ]-cn-tim-[--bpw- sF-F-v- 2,-3)- t{K-Uv- 2,- t{K-Uv- 3 e-bn¬- Ip-d-™- n-c-°n¬- e-`y- eq-sS- Xp-S-°w- Ip-dn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm- ´p-Iƒ-°pw- Im-c-W-am-Ip-∂-Xv- Cu- Im≥-k-dn-s-°p-dn-®pw- F-®v-]n-hn- hm-Iv-kn-t-j-p-am-Wv- sk¿-hn- # hƒ-hm¿- C≥-{Sm-F-∏n-Øo- am-°m≥- Fw-F-kv-Un- C-¥y- {]- Wv.- hm-Iv-kn-s-°p-dn-®v- t_m-[- c-≠p- X-cw- hm-Iv-kn-p-I-fm-Wv.- C- bp-sS- ]-¶n-s-°p-dn-®pw- am-Xm-]n- °¬- Im≥-k¿- X-S-bm-p-f-f- am¿- en-b¬- n-tbm-πm-kn-b- (hn-sF- h¿-Øn-°p-∂p.- n-e-hn¬- Fw-F- h-Xv-°-cn-°p-∂-Xn-pw- e-`y-X- D-d- ¥y-bn¬- Cu- tcm-Km-h-ÿ- F-√m- Xm-°ƒ-°v- Iu-¨-k-enw-Kv- -ev-Im- Kw.- bp- F-kv,- Im--U,- Hm-kv-t{S- F≥- 2,-3)- t{K-Uv- 2,- 3 kv-Un- C-¥y-bv-°p-th-≠n- 650 {]- ∏p-h-cp-Øp-∂-Xn-p-am-bn- ]-¶m-fn- h¿-j-hpw- h¿-[n-®p- h-cn-I-bm-Wv.- dp-s≠-∂v- A-t±-lw- ]-d-™p.- en-b,- hn-hn-[- bq-tdm-]y≥- bq-Wn- # h- s sP- ¬- C≥- { Sm- F - ∏ n- ^-j-W-p-Iƒ- tPm-en- sN-øp-∂p.- I-tfm-Spw- hn-hn-[- k-aq-l-ß-tfm- K¿-Um-kn¬- hm-Iv-kn≥- G-sd- {]- C-¥y≥- A-°m-Z-an- Hm-^v- ]o- b≥- Aw-K-cm-Py-߃- Xp-S-ßn-b- Øo- e n- b ¬- n- t bm- π m- k n- b - hn-em-kw-:- Fw-F-kv-Un- ^m¿- Spw- tN¿-∂v- Fw-F-kv-Un- C-¥y- Xo-£--ev-Ip-∂- ap-t∂-‰-am-sW-∂v- Un-bm-{Sn-Iv- I-Ωn-‰n- Hm-^v- C-ayq- h- bu-h-m- cw-`-Øn-v- ap-tº- s]- (hm¬-F≥- 2,-3)- t{K-Uv- 2,-3 a-kyq-´n-°¬-kv- ss{]-h-‰v- en-an-‰- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-sa-∂v- A-t±-lw- ]- tUm.- o-c-P- ]-d-™p.- F-∂m¬- ssW- t k- j ≥- (sF- F - ] n- k n- H - ¨-Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- bp-h-Xn-Iƒ-°pw- A-ta-cn-°-bn-se- yq-P-gv-kn- Uv,- kn-Iv-kv-X-v B≥-Uv- sk-h≥- d-™p.- tUm-Iv-S-sd- Im-Wp-I-bpw- sk¿-hn- sF-)- 2008 ip-]m¿-i.- Cu- hm-Iv- F- ® v - ] n- h n- hm- I v - k n- t - j ≥- in- ssh-‰v- tÃ-j-n-se- sa¿-°v- B≥- Xv- ^v-tfm¿,- S-h¿- _n,- hm-Sn-I- S- A-©v- `q-J-Wv-U-ß-fn-se- hy- °¬- Im≥-k-dn-pw- a-‰p- Im≥-k- kn-v- ln-X-I-c-am-b- tSm-f-dn-_n-en- ]m¿-i- sN-øp-∂p.- bp-F-kv,- Hm-kv- Uv- I-º-n- C≥-tIm¿-∏-td-‰-Uv- hn- th-gv-kv,- sk-Iv-S¿- 54,- Kp¿-Km-thm- Xy-ÿ- tI-{µ-ß-fn-em-bn- 20,-000 dp-Iƒ-°p-sa-Xn-tc- ]-cn-tim-[-- - ‰n- s{]m-ss^¬- D-≠v,- te-_¬- t{S-en-b,- P¿-Ω-n,- {^m≥-kv,- kzo- hn-[- cm-Py-ß-fn¬- sa¿-°v- jm¿- ¨-˛122002,- C-¥y.- ssh-_v-ssk- S-tØ-≠-Xpw- B-h-iy-am-sW-∂-Xv- A-p-k-cn-®v- F-√m- kv-{Xo-Iƒ-°pw- U≥,- C-‰-en- F-∂n-ß-s-bp-f-f- ∏v- B≥-Uv- tUmw- (Fw-F-kv-Un-)- ‰v-:- www.msd.in
    • Im-gv-N- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 7 quot;th-¬- a-c-'-Øn¬- •m tkm-- ]p-Xn-b- tdm-fn¬- - a¿- m-bn-I- tkm-- B- A-Ωp- F-∂- s]-¨Ip-´n-sb-bm-bn- e-Xpw- sN-øp-s∂-¶n-epw- A-Ωp- - _-[n-cpw- aq-Ip-am-b- hn-m-bI- - - - Zy-am-bn- s-K‰o-h-v th-jØn¬- F- cp-∂p- C-jSw.- A-Ωp-hn-s‚- kvt- hm-k-h-s- C-jv-S-s∏-´n-cp-∂n- - - -v - tm-Sm-bn-cp-∂p- C-jvSw.- hn-m-b- - Øp-∂p.- th-¬-acw- F-∂- Nn-{X- lw- ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-°m≥- hm-kh≥- ]- √.- A-hƒ-°v- X-s‚- {Km-aØn-se- - - - I-pw- A-Ωp-hn-s- C-jv-S-am-bn- Øn¬- ap-Øp-e-£v-an- F-∂- s- cp-∂p.- K-‰o-hv- I-Ym-]m-{X-sØ- A-hXcn- - - I-fn-°q-´p-Im-cm-b- C-h-cp-sS- ∏n-®p-sIm-≠m-W-v tkm-- ]p-Xn-b- {]-Wbw- X-I¿-°m≥- hm-kh≥- ]- - - tdm-fn¬- t{]-£I¿-°v- ap-ºn-se- - e- X-{¥-ß-fpw- ]-b-‰p-∂p.- F- Øp-∂X.v - - ∂m¬- A-sXm-∂pw- hn-Pbn-°p-∂n- - -∑- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn-p- ti- √.- F-∂m¬- hm-k-h-s- kz-¥- jw- i-in-Ip-am¿- m-´Iw- n¿-Ωn- - am-°m≥- ap-Øp-e£an- {i-aßfm- - -v - - ®v- tam-lIr-jvW≥- kw-hn-[m- - - - cw-`n-°p-∂tXm-sS- I-Y- a-s‰m-cp- X- - w- sN-øp-∂- th-¬-acw- tkm-- - e-Øn-te-°v- am-dp-Ibm-Wv.- ]m-e- - bp-sS- I-cn-b-dn-se- ]p-Xn-b- h-gn- °m-S≥- {Km-a-Øn-se- X-an-gv- kw- Øn-cn-hm-Ip-sa-∂m-W-v I-cp-Xp-∂X.v - - kvIm-cap-≈- tN-cn-Ifn-em-Wv- Nn- - - - F-¨]Xp-Ifp-sS- {Km-am-¥co- - - - - {X-Øn-s‚- I-YS°p-∂X.v - - - - - £-Øn-em-W-v th-¬-acØn-s‚- - - _m-e,- sIm-®n≥- l-o-^,- kp- I-Y- -S°p-∂X.v - H-cp- Kp-≠m- kw- - - cm-Pv- sh-™m-d-aq-Sv,- am-f,- am-ap- L-Øn-s‚- t-Xm-hm-W-v ap-Øp-e- t°m-b,- C-{µ≥-kv,- A-q-]v- N- Ip-´n-{km-¶n-p- ]p-dtI- - £van.- F-t∏m-gpw- B-⁄m-p-h¿- - Øn-Ifm-b- H-cp- Kp-≠m-kw-Lw- ap- - Øp-e£an-°-v Np-‰pw- Im-Wpw.-A- - -v {µ≥,- tIm-´bw- -ko¿,- k¿-∆Pn- - Øv,- A-n-b∏≥,- e-£W,- tkm- - ,- k-Xy-{]n-b,- tkm-m-m-b¿,- an- - - h-cn¬- {]-[m-n-bm-W-v hm-kh≥.- - n- A-cp-¨,- im-¥Ip-am-cn- Xp-Sßn- - - kv{- Xo-Iƒ- F-´p- h¿-jw- ap-ºv- X-s‚- `¿-Øm- hn-s- i-{Xq-°ƒ- sh-´n-s°m-∂- tXm-sS-bm-W-v ap-Øp-e£an- Kp-≠- - -v b-h¿- A-`n-bn-°p-∂p.- - F-kv.-sI- F-‚¿-sS-bn-‚ v-sa- ‚n-s‚- _m--dn¬- n¿-Ωn-°p-∂- jm- Pn- F≥.- I-cp-¨- kw-hn-[m-w- sN-øp-∂- Ip-´n-{km-¶v- bm-bn- am-dp-∂X.v - - Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- Xn-c°Ysbm-cp-°p- - - - F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- c-≠mw- L-´- Nn-{Xo-IcWw- N-hdbn-epw- ]-cn- - - - - `¿-Øm-hn-s- sIm-∂- i-{Xp- ∂-Xpw- tam-lIr-jWm-W.v - F- - - -v - k-cßfn-ep-am-bn- ]q¿-Øn-bm-bn.- dn-eb≥-kn-s‚- a-ebm-fØn-se- - - - - - hn-s- h¿-j߃-°v- ti-jw- hm-- Ivkn-Iyp-´o-hv- s{]m-Uyq-k¿- ˛- - - kw-cw-`am-Wn-X.v - - k-hs‚- k-lm-btØm-sS- ap-Øp- - - k-dp-±o≥,- Im-ad- ˛- km-ZØ,v - Km-- - - a-Ωq-´n- m-bIm-Ip-∂- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn¬- aq-∂v- m-bn-Iam-cm- - - - e-£an- sh-´n-s°m-√p-∂p.- X-s∂- -v ߃- ˛- tPm-^n- X-c-I≥,- h¿-Ko- Wv- D-≈Xv.- I-am-en-n- ap-J¿-Pn,- ao-m-Ip-am-cn,- ]-fl{]n-b- F-∂n-h- - - k-lm-bn-®- hm-khtm-Sv- ap-Øp- - - kv- ]m-d-°-S-hv,- kw-Ko-Xw- ˛- cmw- cm-W-v m-bn-Iam¿.- A-dp-]Xp-Ifn¬- -S°p-∂- I-Ybm-W-v Cu- Nn- - - - - - e-£an-°v- {]-Wbw- tXm-∂p-∂p.- v- - kp-tc-{µ≥,- F-Un-‰nw-Kv- ˛- k-Æn- {X-Øn-m-[m-cw.- H-cp- h¿-jØn-se- aq-∂-v - F-∂m¬- hm-kh≥- H-cn-°epw- ap- - - tP-°_,v - I-e- ˛- a-tl-j-v {io-[¿,- - k-abßfn-em-bm-W-v Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- I-Y- -S°p-∂X.v - B-e∏p- - - - - - - Øp-e£an-sb- A-ØcØn¬- I- - -v - - s{]m-U£≥- I-¨t{Sm-f¿- ˛- kp- - - g,- sIm-√w- F-∂n-hn-Sßfn-em-bm-W-v Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- jq-´nw-K-v -S∂- - - - ≠n-cp-∂n-√.- n¿- t]-´,- kw-L´w- ˛- d-¨chn,- - - - - Xv.- A-dp-]Xp-Ifn-se- Im-eL´w- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-m-bn- ho-≠pw- ]p- - - - - hm-kh-v X-s‚- {Km-aØn-se- - - - Ãn¬-kv- ˛- tam-l≥-kp-c`n.- - x-cm-hn-jIcn-°p-Ibm-W-v jm-Pn- F≥- I-cp-Wpw- kw-Lhpw.- -v - - - ]-e- Zp-cm-Nm-cßsf-bpw- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn¬- n-in-Xam-bn- hn-a¿- - - - in-°p-∂p-≠.v - kv{Xo-IYm-]m-{X-߃-°-v ap≥-Xq-°w- ¬-Ip-∂Xpw- - e-fn-Xam-bn- I-Y]d™p- t]m-Ip-∂Xp-am-W-v Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- {]- - tXy-IXIƒ.- - - - - - - - - X-e-ap-d-Iƒ- X-Ωn-ep-≈- A-I-ew- a-I-s‚- A-—-n¬- t_m-´-v ss{U-hdm-bXn-m-em-W-v Ip-´n-{km-¶n--v A-ßs- t]- cp-ho-WX.v - X-s‚- bm-{X-°n-Sbn¬- A-bmƒ- ]-eÿeßfn¬- Xm- - - - - - - - - - X- eap-dIƒ- X-Ωn-ep-≈- A-Iew- H-cp- A- - - - °mw.- C-Ø-c-Øn-ep-≈- P--td-j≥- Kym-∏n- —-s‚-bpw- a-I‚bpw- Po-hn-XØn-eq-sS- A-h- - - - s‚- I-Ybm-W-v k-c am-bpw- lr-Zbk]¿-in- - - - - - -v a-kn-°p-∂p.- ]-e- I-Ym-]m-{X-ßfpw- C-bm-fp-sS- Po-hn-XØn-te-°-v - - X-cn-∏n-°p-Ibm-Wv- kw-hn-[m-bI≥- hn.-Fw.- - - bm-bpw- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂X.v - - - - F-Øn-t®-cp-∂p.- A-ßs-bm-W-v ]-e- {]-tZ-ißfn¬- Xm-akn-°p- - - - - hn-p.- a-Is‚- A-—≥- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn-eq-sS- - kp-lm-kn-n-bm-Wv- Nn-{X-Øn-se- m-bn- ∂- aq-∂-v kv{Xo-Iƒ- C-bm-fp-sS- Po-hn-XØn-te-°-v F-Øp-∂X.v - F- - - - {io-n-hm-kpw- hn-o-X-v {io-n-hm-kpw- sh- - - I.- {io-{]-Im-in-s‚- kp¬-Øm-n¬- m-bn-I- ∂m¬- {km-¶n-s‚- Po-hn-Xw- F-t∏m-gpw- Zp-cq-lam-bn-cp-∂p.- A-bmƒ- - ≈n-Øn-cbn¬- - bm-bn- A-ctß-dn-b- h-cZbm-Wv- a-s‰m-cp- {]- - - - B-tcm-Spw- A-[n-Iw- kw-km-cn-®n-cp-∂n-√.- ]-et∏m-gpw- A-¥¿-ap-J- - B-Zy-am-bn- H-∂n-°p-Ibpw- sN-øp-∂p.- Nn- - [m-- I-Ym-]m-{X-sØ- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂Xv.- - - - m-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p- s]-cp-am-dn-bn-cp-∂X.v - - {X-Øn-s‚- {]-[m-- ssl-sse-‰pw- C-h¿- X- Xn-eI≥,- P-KXn,- k-enw-Ip-am¿,- P-m¿-±≥,- - - - s]-ta-W,- Im-fn,- tc-hΩ- F-∂o- I-Ym-]m-{X-ßfm-Wv- {km-¶n- - - Ωn-ep-≈- tIm-ºn-t-jm-W.v - - A-KÃn≥,- {io-eX- - - s‚- Po-hn-XØn-te-°v- F-Øp-∂- kv{Xo-IYm-]m-{X-߃.- s]-ta- - - - hn-t√-P-v Hm-^o-kdm-b- hn-iz-m-Ys-bm- - - F-∂n-h-cpw- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-se- {]-[m-- W-sb- I-am-en-n- ap-J¿-Pn-bpw,- Im-fn-sb- ao-m-Ip-am-cn-bpw,- tc-h- Wv- {io-n-hm-k≥- Nn-{X-Øn¬- A-h-X-cn-∏n- Xm-cßfm-W.v - - - Ω-sb- ]-fl{]n-bbpw- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂p.- C-h¿- hy-Xy-kvXam-b- - - - - - - °p-∂Xv.- hn-iz-m-Ys‚- a-Ipw- tIm-fPv- hn- - - - - kw-PØ-v m-cm-bWm-W-v Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- - - - co-Xn-Ifn¬- {km-¶n-s- tm-°n-°m-Wp-∂n-SØp- n-∂m-Wv- I-Y- - - Zym¿-Yn-bp-am-b- a-p- F-∂- I-Ym-]m-{X-sØ- c-N- n¿-hln-°p-∂Xv.- A-n¬- ]-®q-cm- - - - - bp-sS- Xp-S°w.- ]n-s∂- C-h¿- {km-¶n-s-°p-dn-®v- ]-dbp-∂- Im-gN- - - v- hn-o-X-v {io-n-hm-k≥- A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂p.- - - s‚- Km-߃-°-v Fw.-PbN{µ≥- Cu-Ww- ]- - - - - ∏m-Sp-Ifn-eq-sS-bm-Wv- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- I-Y- ]-d™p- t]m-Ip-∂Xv.- - - - Im-ew- ]p-tcm-Kan-°p-tºmƒ- B- ]p-tcm- - I-cp-∂p.- a-tm-Pv- ]n-≈bm-Wv- Om-bm-{Km-l- - kp-tc-jv- Ir-jvW,- kn-±n-Jv,- tPm-Wn,- cm-Po-hv- I-fati-cn,- Ir- - - - K-Xn-bp-sS- `m-Kam-Ip-Ibm-W-v a-p- F-∂- sN- - - I≥.- F-Un-‰nw-K-v ˛- ]n.-kn- tam-l≥.- A-tkm- - jvW≥- F-∂n-hcpw- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-se- {]-[m-- Xm-cßfm-W.v - - - - - dp-∏°m-c≥.- A-Xn-n-Sbn¬- ]-et∏m-gpw- ]m- - - - kn-tb-‰-v U-bdIS¿- ˛- k-Pn- ]-chq¿.- n¿-Ωm- - - -v - ]n.-F^-v am-Xyq-km-W-v Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- Xn-c°Ysbm-cp-°p-∂X.v - - - - - - c-ºcy-hpw- _-‘ßfpw- aq-ey-ßfpw- Dƒ-s°m- - - - - W- n¿-hlWw- ˛- hn-tm-Zv- sjm¿-Æq¿.- - - k-t¥m-j-v in-hs‚- A-tkm-kn-tb-‰m-bn- {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂- A-⁄- - ≈m≥- a-p-hn--v I-gn-bp-∂n-√.- h-fsc- th-KX- - - tem-IØn-tm-Sv- C-Wßn-t®-cp-hm≥- A-h¿- - - sk-h≥- B¿-´kn-s‚- _m-dn¬- Pn.-]n.- v- - en-bm-W-v Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- Om-bm-{Km-ln-I.- I-em-kw-hn-[m-w- kp-tc- tb-dn-bXm-bn-cp-∂p- A-hs‚- Po-hn-Xw.- A-Xn- - - °v- k-abw- th-≠n- h-cpw.- A-s√-¶n¬- A-Xpƒ- - hn-P-b-Ip-am¿- n¿-Ωn-°p-∂- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn- jv- sIm-√w- n¿-hln-°p-∂p.- s{]m-U£≥- I-¨t{Sm-f¿- ˛- A-tcm- - - - n-Sbn¬- ]n-¥n-cn-™p- -S°p-∂h¿- a-p-hn- - - - s°m-≈m≥- I-gn-™p- F-∂p- h-cn-√.- A-hn- s‚- Nn-{Xo-IcWw- {]-[m-am-bpw- ]m-e°m- - - - - a- tam-l≥.- s‚- Im-gv-N-∏m-Sn¬- ]-g-a-°m-cm-Wv.- ]p-Xn-b- sS- Nn-et∏mƒ- s]m-cp-Øt°-Sp-Iƒ- kw-`hn- - - - ´m-W.v - {Km-a-`w-Kn-bp-am-bn- quot;-k-a-kv-X- tI-c-fw- ]n.-H-'- {Km- aØn-s‚- `w-Kn-bpw- ¿- - tXm--°-c- ]-©m-b-Øn-se- Sp-∂n-√.- F-¥n-epw- I-bdn- C-Ss]- - - ߃- Nn-{X-Øn-se- {]-[m-- `m-K- cp- `m-cy-bn-se- kp-Kp-W≥- Ip-Spw- Ω-hpw- Iq-´n-bn-W°n- ho-≠p-sam- - hm¿-U-v sa-ºdm-W-v {]-`m-Ic≥.- Xn- - - Sp-∂- {]-`m-Ics‚- co-Xn-Iƒ- c-≠p- - - ß-fm-W.v - _- t{]-£Isc- G-sd- B-I¿-jn- - - cp- P-bdmw- Nn-{X-sam-cp-ßp-∂p.- quot;- - I-™- Km-‘n-b≥- Iq-Sn-bm-W-v {]- Iq-´¿-°pw- X-eth-Zbm-Ip-∂p.- - - - quot;-k-a-kv-X-tI-c-fw- H-cp- {Km-a- ®-t∏mƒ- k-a-kv-X- tI-c-f-hpw- e- k-akvX- tI-cfw- ]n.-H'.- _n-]n≥- - - - - `m-Ic≥.- F-√mw- k-Xy-k‘am-bn- - - - {]-`m-Ics‚- ho-´n-se- H-cp- Aw- - - Øn-s‚- I-Ybm-Wv.- F-∂m¬- ]p- - £yw- h-b°p-∂X-v Ip-Spw-_- t{]- -v - {]-`m-I¿- kw-hn-[m-w- sN-øp-∂- sN-øWw- F-∂v- B-{K-ln-°p-∂- - K-am-Wv- cm-[.- F-t∏m-gpw- A-[zm- Xn-b- Im-eL´Øn-se- {Km-aam-W-v - - - - £-Isc- X-s∂-bm-W.v - - Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- Xn-c°Ysbm- - - - bmƒ.- F-√m- Im-cy-ßfn-epw- kp- - n-°p-∂- H-cp- s]-¨-Ip-´n.- {]-`m- tXm-°c- ]-©m-bØv.- C-hn-sS- - - - lm-ky-Øn-v- ap≥-Xq-°w- cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv- P-b-dm-an-s‚- Xm-cy-X- th-W-sa-∂v- {]-`m-I-c-v- I-c-pw- A-Ω-bpw- cm-[-bpw- I-gn- Nm-b°SIƒ-s°m-∏w- X-s∂- C- - - - ¬-In- X-s∂-bm-Wv- Nn-{X-sam-cp- ln-‰-v Nn-{X-am-b- quot;-sh-dp-sX- H-cp- `m- n¿-_‘am-W.v - F-√m- sX-cs™- - - - bp-∂- ho-´n-te-°v- H-cp- Zn-h-kw- ‚¿-s-‰v- I-t^-Ifpw- D-≠v.- ]p-Xn- - °p-∂X.v - G-sd- m-bn-I- {]-[m-y- - cy-'- bp-sS- Xn-c°Ym-Ir-Øv- Kn-co- - - Sp-∏p-I-fn-epw- {]-`m-I-c≥- X-s‚- t_m-s_-bn-ep-≈- {]-`m-I-c-s‚- b- Im-e-Øn-s‚- am-‰-ß-sf-√mw- ap-≈- Nn-{Xw- Iq-Sn-bm-Wv- k-a-kv- jv- Ip-am-dm-Wv.- Ip-Spw-_- t{]-£- hm¿-Un¬- n-∂pw- a-’cn-°pw.- F- - A-Ωm-hpw- a-Ifpw- F-Øp-∂p.- F- - - Cu- {Km-aØn¬- F-Øn-t®¿-∂n- - X- tI-cfw.- sh-bn¬- F-∂- Nn-{X- - I¿- F-∂pw- Im-Wm≥- B-{K-ln-°p- ∂m¬- H-cp- ]m¿-´n-bp-sS-bpw- ]n≥- ∂m¬- C-h¿- F-Øp-∂X-v {]-`m-I- - cn-°p-∂p.- F-∂m¬- C-hn-sS-bp-≈- Øn-eq-sS- {i-t≤-bbm-b- {]n-b¶- - - ∂- P-b-dm-an-s‚- X--Xv- lm-ky- _-ean-√m-Ø- {]-`m-Ic≥- tXm¬- - - c--v Nn-e- {]-i߃- kr-jSn-°p- -v - -v {]-`m-Ics-t]m-se- ]-ecpw- {Km- - - - bpw- ]p-Xp-ap-Jw- ssk-dbp-am-Wv- - hpw,- am-dn-kßfp-sa-√mw- H-cp-an- - - - °p-Ibm-W-v ]-Xn-h.v - C-ßs-sbm- - - I-bpw- sN-øp-∂p.- `-cW]£hpw- - - - - a-Øn-s‚- -∑Iƒ- a-kn¬- kq- - - Nn-{X-Øn-se- m-bn-Iam¿.- - ∏n-®-v X-s∂-bm-W-v k-akX- tI-c- - -v s°-bm-Wv- {]-`m-Ics‚- kz-`m-h-- - {]-Xn-]-£-hpw- F-√mw- {]-`m-I-c- £n-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv.- H-cp- Iq-´w- I- P-KXn- {io-Ip-am¿,- C-∂sk- - - fw- H-cp-ßp-∂-sX-∂p- A-Wn-b-d- hpw- co-Xn-Ifpw.- - s-Xn-sc- Xn-cn-bp-∂- H-cp- k-µ¿-`- Ym-]m-{X-ßsf- tI-{µo-Icn-®m-W-v - - ‚ v,- k-enw-Ip-am¿,- kp-cm-Pv- sh- °m¿- kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p.- F-∂m¬- kn-n-a- B-cw-`n-°p- hpw- F-Øp-∂tXm-sS-bm-W-v I-Y- - kn-n-a- ap-t∂m-´v- t]m-Ip-∂Xv.- H- - ™m-d∑q-Sv,- P-m¿-±≥,- in-hPn- - - - Im-°n,- h-¨-th- Sn-°-‰v- F- ∂-X-v {]-`m-Ics‚- hn-PbtØm-sS- - - - - bn¬- ]p-tcm-KXn-bp-≠m-Ip-∂Xv.- - - ∏w- Ip-Spw-_- ]-›m-Øehpw- Nn- - - Kp-cp-hm-bq¿,- {]-tNm-Zv,- Ip-©≥,- ∂o- Nn-{X-߃-°-v ti-jw- _n-]n≥- bm-Wv.- ]-e- X-h-W- a-’-cn-®v- Xp-S¿-∂p-≠m-Ip-∂- kw-`hßfp-sS- - - - {X-Øn-p-≠.v - C-t∏m-gsØ- km-aq- - sI.-F-kv- jm-Pp,- ]n.-{io-Ip-am¿,- {]-`m-I¿- kw-hn-[m-w- sN-øp-∂- tXm¬-hn- G-‰p-hm-ßn-b- {]-`m-I- c-kIcam-b- B-hn-jIm-cam-W-v k- - - - -v - ln-I- cm-j{So-b- {]-ißfpw- Nn- -v -v - - _m-eN{µ≥- Np-≈n-°m-Sv,- Nn-{X- - - Nn-{X-am-Wv- k-akX- tI-cfw- ]n.- - v- - c≥- H-cp- X-h-W- P-bn-°p-∂p.- C- a-kvXtI-cfw.- k-aIm-en-I- k-aq- - - - - {X-Øn-s‚- {]-ta-bØn-s‚- `m-Kam- - - tj-Wm-bn,- ao-- K-tW-jv,- an-n- H.- km-aq-ln-I- {]-k‡n-bp-≈- hn- - tXm-sS- A-bmƒ- k-aq-ltØm-Sp- - ln-I- cm-j{v- So-b- hn-jbßfpw- Nn- - - - bn- h-cp-∂p.- A-cp-¨- Xp-Sßn-bhcpw- A-`n-bn- - - - - j-b߃- ¿-ΩØn-s‚- ]n≥-_- - - ≈- X-s‚- D-Øchm-Zn-Xz-Øn¬- H- - - {X-Øn¬- N¿-®- sN-øp-∂p-≠v.- dn- sh-dp-sX- H-cp- `m-cy- F-∂- Nn- °p-∂p.- e-tØm-sS- Ip-Spw-_- ]-›m-Øe- - ∂p-Iq-Sn- Pm-Kcq-Im-Ip-Ibm-W.v - ]- - - - b¬- F-tÃ-‰-v am-^n-b- t]m-se-bp- {X-Øn-p- ti-jw- P-b-dmw- m-b- {Uow Sow s{]mU£≥kn Øn¬- A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wn- s£- C-X-v `-cW]£Øn-pw- {]- - - - - ≈-h¿-s°-Xn-sc- sa-º¿- {]-`m-I- I-m-Ip-∂- Nn-{Xw- Iq-Sn-bm-W-v k- s‚ _mdn¬ lufn t]m´qcm Xn¬.- Xn-]£Øn-pw- Xo-sc- C-jSs∏- - - -v - c≥- -SØp-∂- H-‰bmƒ- t]m-cm-´- - - a-kX- tI-cfw- ]n.-H.- sh-dp-sX- H- v- - Wv Nn{Xw n¿Ωn°p∂Xv.
    • cmyk 8 Im-bn-Iw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 ]®-]n-Sn®p hcp∂ ^pSvk¬ ]p-Ø≥- I-fn- lr kz-amb coXn-bn-ep≈ ^pSvt_mƒ a’-c-amb ^pSvk¬ C¥y-bn¬ ]®-]n-Sn®v hcp-∂tX-bp-≈p. hntZ-i- - Sz‚n 20 amXr-I-bn¬ sIm®n-bnepw ß-fn¬ S-°p∂ Bth-iIcamb ^pSvk¬ Ct∏mƒ ]e - - - kvt]m¿Svkv Nm-ep-Ifpw kwt{]-jWw sNøp-∂p-≠.v ^pSvt_m-fns‚ C≥tUm¿ cq]-amWv ^pSvk¬. C≥tUm¿ ^pSvt_mƒ F∂v A¿Yw hcp∂ t]m¿®p-Ko-k,v kv]mnjv hm°p-Ifn¬ n∂mWv t]cns‚ D¤-hw. 1930- - ˛¬ Ddp-tKz-bn¬ Pphm≥ Im¿temkv skdn-bm-nbmWv ^pSvt_mƒ a’cw A Xn-th-Kw- A-¥m-cm-j{S- - -v ^pSvk¬ {]tbm-KØn¬ hcp-Øn-bX.v Ifn nb-{¥n-°m≥ - - ^n^pk F∂ s^U-td-j≥ 1971-˛¬ cq]-hXvIr-Xam-bn. - 1982-˛evU kmh ]uf-bn¬ temI Nmºy≥jn∏v Ac-tß- - dn. a‰p t]cp-Iƒ F√mw Hgnhm°n 1985-˛¬ HutZym-Kn-I- ambpw A¥m-cmjv{S Xe-Ønepw ^pSvk¬ F∂v t]cn-´p. j-X.- B-Zy-]m-Z- a-’-c-߃-°p- Øpw.- Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn¬- sF.- Inw-K^n-j¿.- -v km[m-cW C≥tUm¿ tIm¿´p-Ifn-emWv tKmƒ Io∏¿ - X-e-Øn¬- X-cw-Kw- kr-jv-Sn-®p- ti- j w- ss^- - e n- s e- Ø p- ∂ - Fw.-hn-P-b-pw- h-S-t°- C-¥y- a-IsUm-hen-s‚- A-Xn-th-Kw- -v - sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- Sz-‚ n- 20 ^p-Sv- AS°w A©p t]c-Sßnb Soap-Iƒ Ifn-°p∂ ^pSvk¬ - Sow- sam-l≥-_-Km-n-se- sX-c- bn¬- Np-n- tKm-kzm-an-bpw- a-’- h-f¿-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- {_m≥- a’-cw. GI-tZiw _mkv°‰v t_mƒ tIm¿´ns‚ hep∏w t_m-fm-b- ^p-Sk¬- a-’c߃- -v - - s™-Sp-°s∏-´- Xm-cßfp-am-bn-´m- - - - c-߃-°-v ta¬-tm-´w- h-ln-°pw.- Up-I-fn-sem-∂m-b- sk-en-t{_- C-¥y-bn-ep-sa-Øp-∂p.- sIm-®n,- aXn. t_mfpw sNdp-XmWv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv. 3˛4 skkv. - bn-cn-°pw- I-em-it∏m-cm-´Øn-n- - - cm-Py-sØ- ^p-Sv-t_mƒ- ko- j≥- d-Ωn-v- I-gn-™- km-ºØn- - sIm¬-°Ø,- apw-ss_,- P-b]q¿,- - -v d-ßp-I.- Un-kw-_¿- aq-∂mw- hm-c- k-¨- B-cw-`n-°m-n-cn-s°- ]p-Xn- I- h¿-jw- 80 e-£w- sI-bkn-s‚- -v _mw-•q¿- F-∂n-hn-Sßfn-em-W-v 45 - - Øn¬- sIm¬-°-Ø-bn-em-Wv- b- t^m¿-am-‰-v h≥- P-Io-b{i-≤- - - hn¬-]bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- 1991˛¬- - - Zn-hkw- o-fp-∂- Sq¿-Wsa-‚ -v kw- - - L-Sn-∏n-®n-´p-≈Xv.- ^p-Sk¬- {^- - v- ≠vkn- F-∂dn-bs∏-Sp-∂- Sq¿-W- - - - sa-‚ n-s‚- kw-Lm-SI¿- bp-ssW- - ‰-Uv- kv]n-cn-‰kv- a-IsUm-h¬-kv- - v- v- -º¿- h-¨- sk-en-t{_-j≥- kv- t]m¿-Skv- Kn-b¿- B-bn-cn-°pw.- v- A-©p-t]-cm-W-v ^p-Sken¬- -v - amXyp tkhy¿ sF.-Fw.-hn-Pb≥ - ]n®v Zo¿L-NXp-cam-W.v 20 ann‰v hoX-ap≈ c≠p L´ Ifn- - - k-abw. s]m¬‰n In°v Ds≠-¶n¬ kabw ofmw. lm^v - ssSw CS-thf 15 ann‰v Ihn-bn-√. Ggv k_vÃn-‰yq-´v. Xnt°m FXn¿ Ifn-°m-ctm A]-ISIcamb B`-c߃ -- - - - AS°w H∂pw Ifn-°m-c≥ [cn-®p-Iq-Sm. tPgvkntbm j¿t´m I-fn-°p-I.- C-Xn-sem-cmƒ- tKmƒ- [cn-®n-cn-°Ww. Im≥hmkv AYhm Pnwm-ÃnIv jqhmWv - Io-∏dm-bn-cn-°pw.- km-[m-cW- ^p- - - [cn-t°-≠X.v - Svt_mƒ- {Ku-≠n-t-°m-fpw- h-en- - ^pSvk¬ a’-c-ß-fn-eqsS bphm-°ƒ°v Imbn-I-cw- ∏w- Ip-d-hm-bn-cn-°pw- ^p-Sv-k¬- KØv Ign-hp-Iƒ {]I-Sn-∏n-°m≥ Ah-kcsam-cp-°p-IbmWv - - - {Ku-≠n-v.- ]-¥pw- sN-dp-Xm-bn-cn- sNøp-∂-sX∂v bpssW-‰Uv kv]ncn‰vkv enan-‰Uv _nkn- °pw.- ^p-Svt_m-fn-s‚-b{X- _u- - - kv slUv amXyp tkhy¿. Ifn BtLm-j-ambn am‰m- ¨-k-v C-Xn-p-≠m-In-√.- t_mƒ- n- mWv {iaw. b-{¥-W-Øn-pw- Ip-dn-b- ]m-kn- Ipd™ ka-b-Øn-p-≈n¬ NSp-e-o-°-ß-fp≈, ss^-¬.- t-Sp-sa-∂v- a-IsUm-h¬-kv- sk- v- A-h-Xcn-∏n-°s∏-´- sk-en-t{_- - - IcpØpw Du¿Phpw Gsd Bh-iy-ap≈, Bth-iIcamb - - - pw- {]m-[m-yw- ¬-Ip-∂- I-fn- tZ-io-b- X-eØn¬- 600 So-ap- - en-t{_-j≥- n¿-am-Xm-°fm-b- bp- - j≥- tem-I-Øn¬- G-‰-hp-a-[n- °v- A-¥m-cm-j{S- X-eØn¬- h≥- -v - a’-cam-bn-cn°pw ^pSvk¬ F∂v Soap-Isf Hcp-°m≥ Npa- - Iƒ- ]-s¶-Sp-°p-sa-∂-v I-cp-Xp-∂p.- ssW-‰-Uv- kv-]n-cn-‰v-kv- No-^v- Hm- Iw- hn-‰gn-°s∏-Sp-∂- m-em-asØ- - - - X-es∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≈ ap≥ C¥y≥ ^pSvt_mƒ Ifn-°m-c≥ - kzo-IcWam-W-v e-`n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn- - - - sIm-®n-bn¬- -hw-_¿- 23˛-m-Wv- ∏-td-‰n-Mv- Hm-^n-k¿- ]n.-F.-_n.- d-Ωm-W.v - A-©p-h¿-jam-bn- tem-I- - °p-∂X.v - - sF.-Fw.-hn-Pb≥. Ifn-ÿeØnv hep∏w Ipd-hm-sW-∂p- - - - a-’-c-߃.- tI-c-f-Øn¬- n-∂v- k¿-Kp-W¿- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- ^p-Sv- Øv- {I-am-p-KXam-bn- h-f¿-∂p-sIm- - - ≈Xv Hcp t]mcm-babm-In-√. skh≥kv ^pSvt_m-fn¬ hnP- v - tam-l≥- _-Km≥- So-apw- sF- q-tdm-fw- So-ap-Iƒ- ]-s¶-Sp-tØ- t_m-fn-s‚- h-f¿-®-bv-°m-bn- a-Iv- ≠n-cn-°p-∂- A-©-v {]-ap-J- {_m≥- Fw- hn-P-b≥,- ss_-Np-Mv- _q-´n- b≥ [mcmfw Ifn-®n-´p-≠.v °mw.- ¢zm-fn-ss^-bnw-K-v du-≠n¬- sUm-h¬- F-∂pw- {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p- Up-Ifn-sem-∂m-Wv- sk-en-t{_- - ]d-™p-tI-´Xv: ^pSvt_mƒ Xmc-amb sF.-Fw.-hn-Pb- - b,- tPm-kv- cm-an-sd-kv- s_-c-t‰m- B¿-°pw- a-’cn-°mw.- F-{X-bpw- - ≠v.- tam-l≥- _-Km≥- So-an-s‚- ap- j≥.- C-¥y-bn-se- G-‰hpw- h-en- - Xp-S-ßn-b- Xm-c-ß-fpw- ]-s¶-Sp- tmSv ]{X-°m-cpsS tNmZyw: aZy Iºn BtLm-jambn - Iq-Sp-X¬- So-ap-Isf- ]-s¶-Sp-∏n-°m- - Jy-kt]m-¨kdm-W-v ÿm-]w.- -v - - - b- F-^-v Fw- kn- Pn- I-ºn-bm-b- - S-Øp∂ Ifn-bn¬ I¨t{Smƒ t]mIptam? DØcw: nß- °p-sa-∂-Xm-Wv- ^p-Sv-k¬- {^- m-Wv- o-°w.- H-tc- k-abØv- ]- - - Cu-Ã-v _w-Km-fn-s‚- kvt]m-¨k- - - a-IsUm-hen-v- 7600 tIm-Sn- cq-]- v- - ≠vkn- Sq¿-Wsa-‚ n-s‚- k-hn-ti- - - fpsS I¨t{Smtf t]mIp-Ibp-ffp! - e- tIm¿-´p-I-fn¬- a-’-cw- -S- dm-W-v a-s‰m-cp- k-lÿm-]am-b- - - - bp-sS do-s´-bn¬ aq-ey-ap≠v.- C¥y≥- aÆn-epw- Ifn-hk¥w- hn-izw- Pbn-® Bµv- {In-°‰n¬- IÆw-´n-cn-°p-∂ Im-bn-It{]an-Isf Hcp-n- an-jw- Nn-¥n-∏n-°p-∂ kw-`hhn-Im-kßfm-Wv- Cu-bn-sS-bp-≠m- ao-m£n- -- Cu- Ap-`hw.- At‰m-bn- Im¿-thm-hv- ∏a√ t´w- ssIhcn-°epw- F∂Xm-Wv- b-Xv.- sNkv,- t_m-Ivknw-Kv,- _m-Uvan‚¨,- jq-´nw-Kv- tem-IIn-co- - - Bbn-cp-∂p- A∂sØ FXn-cm-fn.- bm-Ym¿-∞yw.- Bµn-s‚ IY Bµv- Shpw- C¥y-°v- CWßpw- F∂v- Ahsc t_m-[y-s∏Sp-Øp-∂ Btdgv- Zn-cm-{X߃.- N Xp-cw-KØn-s‚ CXn-lm-kap-dßp- Xs∂ ]dbp-∂Xn-ßs.- Bdmw- hbkn¬- ∂ alm-quot;`m-cX'- aÆn¬- Hcp- Ncn-{Xw- cNn- AΩbm-Wv- Fs∂ sNkv- ]Tn-∏n-®Xv.- hn-iz-m-Y≥- Bµn-eq-sS tem-IsNkv- In-co-SØn-p-]n-∂m- ®n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv- hn-iz-m-Y≥- Bµv.- kXy-Øn¬- Fs∂ sNkv- Xm-cam-°n-bXpw- se ssk thmƒ- F∂ lcn-bm-°m-cn- P∏m-s‚ kbm-t°m- sN n¬- ho-≠p-sam-cpw- tem-IIn-co-Sw.- c≠v- AΩXs∂.- Ifn- ]Tn-®Xn-p- ]n-∂m-se ktm-sb XI¿-Øv- tem-IPq-n-b¿- _m-Uan‚¨- Nm-ºy≥-jn- v- Zim-_Zam-bn- tem-IsN n¬- Icp-°ƒ- o- -v R߃- IpSpw-_ktaXw- ^n-en-∏o≥-kn- °n- ap-t∂dp-∂ Bµv- Cu- hn-PbtØm- te°v- Xm-akw- am-‰n.- Ahn-SsØ Sn-hn-bn¬- sS tm-°u-´v,- du-≠v- tdm-_n≥,- am-®v-tπ sN n-s°p-dn-®v- Hcp- ]cn-]m-Sn-bp-≠m-bn- F∂o- aq-∂-v XcØn-ep-≈ tem-INm-ºy≥- cp-∂p.- D®bv-°m-bn-cp-∂p- CXn-s‚ kw- jn-∏v- tSn-b A]q¿-h £{Xw- F∂ t{]jWw.- kvIq-fn-em-bXn-m¬- Fn-°n- - Jym-Xn-bpw- kz-¥am-°n.- Xv- Im-Wm≥- Ign-bp-ambn-cp-∂n-√.- F∂m-¬- hn-jn- F∂p- hn-fn-t∏cp-≈ hn-iz-m-Y≥- AΩ Sn-hn-bn-se a’c߃- ap-gp-h≥- Fgp- Bµv- 1988˛¬- hn-°v- B≥-kn-bn¬- Nm- Xn-sbSp-°pw.- Rm≥- kv-Iqƒ- hn-´p-h∂v- ºy-m-bn- tem-I sN n¬- ]m-Zap-{Z ]Xn- AΩbp-am-bn-cp-∂-v Cu- Ifn-Iƒ- ]Tn-°pw.- ∏n-®p.- 1989˛¬- ]m-co-kn¬- ap≥- tkm-hnb‰v- AXn¬- Nn-eXv- a’cßfm-bn-cp-∂p.- AXv- tem-INm-ºy-∑m-sc Io-gS°n-btXm-sS ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n- Rm≥- Sn-hn- Nm-en-v- Bµv- tem-IsN n¬- ap≥-n-cbn¬- kv- Ab®p-sIm-Sp-Øp.- Ip-d®p-am-kØn-p- Ym-ap-d∏n-®p.- 1996˛¬- Po-hbn¬,- dm-∏n- ≈n¬- Rm-≥- n-ch[n- a’c߃- CtXco- Uv- sNkv- Nm-ºy≥,- 2000˛epw- 2002˛epw- ^n- Xn-bn¬- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n.- Ahkm-w- sU tem-INm-ºy≥-.- Aßs In-co-Sßfp- £asI´ Nm-ep-Im¿- Fn-°m-hiy-ap-≈ sS o-≠n-c.- F√m- sNkv- ]p-kXIßfpw- Ab®p-Xcm- -v ∏v- Ickv-Yam-°n-bXv,- djy-bp-sS {Kn-Kdn- n-t°m-tfmbv- Np-°n- CXn-n-sS Hcn-°¬- tem-IsN n-se sa∂v- hm-KZm-w- sNbvXp.- ]t£ Hcp- hy- -v - s Io-gS°n- tm-Iv-t]m- kv-tm-knw-Kv- tem-I bq-Øv- t_m-Iv- htcWy-cp-sS Xm¬-]cy-߃-°p-ap-∂n¬- am- hkvY,- Rm≥- a’cØn¬- ]s¶Sp-°cp-X.v - - knw-K-v In-co-Sw tSn-bXv.- _o-Pnw-Kn¬- ]n-g® D∂w- _m-t¶m-°n¬- kn-Iam-bpw- im-co-Iam-bpw- Xf¿-∂ tem-I Im-bn-Icw-KØv- C¥y-bp-sS ho-s≠Sp-Øv- tem-I dn-°m¿-tUm-sS KK≥- cw-Kv- tSn-b kz¿- Bµn-v- Xp-SscØp-Ssc 30 a’c߃- ]Xm-Ihm-lI≥- Bcv- F∂ tNm-Zy-Øn--v Ww...- C¥y≥- PXbv-°v- Hcp- ssI°p-ºnƒ- n-dsb Im-bn- Ifn-t°≠n-hs∂¶n-epw- ss^¬-hsc t´ßƒ- ssIhcn-°p-I Ffp-∏am-W.v - Hcp- DØctabp-≈p.- AXv- hn-izw- Pbn-® It´Øn-s‚ tdm-km-]p-j]߃.- Ahscbpw- ap-°-v t{]m-’m- -v FØm-m-bn.- 1988˛¬- tem-INm-ºy-s AXv- n-en¿-Øp-Ibm-W-v {]bm-kw- F∂v- Bµv- Xs∂.- k®n≥- 40 sk©z-dn-Iƒ- ln-∏n-°mw.- Ah¿- Dbc߃- Io-gS°m-m-bn- {]m¿-∞n-°mw.- Is≠Øm-p-≈ a’cthZn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p- Bµv- Xs∂ ]dbp-tºm-gpw- AtX Ffp- Xn-I®psh¶n¬-Iq-Sn.- Ahcp-sS Ifn-Iƒ- Im-Wm-m-bn- Snhn-Iƒ- Xp-d∂p-hbv°mw. - cmyk
    • cmyk Im-e-n-Iw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 9 I hm¿Ø-Iƒ I ho£-W-߃ I hni-I-e--߃ I hnh-c-߃ am‰-Øns‚ Bthiw Dƒs°m≠v {] kn-≤o-IcW cwKØv am‰-Øns‚ - tlmkv]n-‰m-en-‰n, knn-a, kvt]m¿Svkv, en‰- {ian-°pw. t{Imkvtdm-Uns sa®-s∏-Sp- Ae-sbm-en-Iƒ AS-ßp-∂n-√. ]pXnb td-®¿, B¿Svk,v tem Aßs Pohn-XØns‚ - Øm≥ hmb-°m-cp-tSbpw A`yp-Zbm-Imw- - - {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-߃ ]e hnj-b-ß-fn¬ kakvX taJ-e-I-tfbpw t{ImkvtdmUv jn-Ifp-tSbpw A`n-{]m-b߃ kzoI-cn-°pw. - - ]pd-Øn-d-ßp-∂p. ne-hn-ep-≈h F∂pw kv]¿in-°pw. hm¿ØIfpw ho£-Wßfpw hmb--£-a-amb en]n-hn-ym-khpw apJw anp-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂p. CXn-n-Sbn¬ - hni- I - e - ßfpw hnh- c - ß fpw t{Imkv IqSp-X¬ If¿ t]Pp-Ifpambn ]pd-Øn-d- hmb--°m¿°pw ]c-ky-Zm-Xm-°ƒ°pw tdmUn¬ Htc-t]mse Is≠-Ømw. IqSmsX ßp∂ t{Imkvtdm-Uns‚ cq]-Ie]bv°p - v - Gsd CjvS-s∏-Sp∂ coXn-bn¬ t{Imk hmb-°msc ckn-∏n-°p∂ Im¿´q-Wp-Ifpw - ]n∂n¬ Hcp Iq´w hnZ-Kv[cpsS ]cn-{i-aap- - - tdmUv amdp-Ibm-W.v v - Nn{X-ßfpw t^mt´m-Ifpw a‰p ]w‡n-Ifpw ≠v. hmb-°m-cp-tSbpw ]c-ky-Zm-Xm-°fp- - - 2006 apX¬ amkn-I-bmbn {]kn-≤o-I- D≠m-Ipw. tSbpw Bh-iy-{]-Imcw th≠ am‰-߃°v cn®p h∂n-cp∂ t{ImkvtdmUv Cu e°w t{Imkvtdm-Unp evIp∂ hnebv°v t{ImkvtdmUv Xbm-dm-Ip-Ibpw sNøpw. apX¬ IqSp-X¬ BI¿j-Iamb Sm_vtfm- - AXn-tesd I-s∏´ hn`-h߃ evIm-mWv - {]tabØnepw {]Xn]mZØnepw cq]- bnUv hep-∏-Øn-ep≈ ssZzhm-cn-I-bmbn {iaw. ]cn-Nb kº-∂cmb ]{X-te-JIcpsS - - - `w-Kn-bnepw hyXykvXamb ssienbpambn amdp-∂p. Cn apX¬ F√m amkhpw H∂mw tXr-Xz-Øn¬ {]ikvX teJ-Icpw ]w‡o- FØp∂ t{Imkv t dmUv ssZzhm- c nI Xob- X nbpw ]Xn- ©mw Xob- X nbpw Im-c∑mcpw t^mt´m-{Km-^¿amcpw Im¿´q-Wn-Ãp- - hmb °m¿ kz¥-ambn Icp-Xp-I. t{ImkvtdmUv ]pd-Øn-dßpw. hm¿Ø-Iƒ - Ifpw Nn{X-Im-c∑mcpw t{ImkvtdmUn¬ AWn- - mep]mSp n∂pw D≠m-Ipw. _nkn--kv, n-c-°pw. hcpw e°-ß-fn¬ ]pXp-am-bm¿∂ ssa°nƒ h¿Kokv amt-PnwKv FUn-‰¿ FUn-t‰-gv-kv- tm-´v- s{]mU-IvSvkv, amt-Pvsa‚ v, dnb¬ FtÃ- ‰v, _m¶nw-K,v C≥jz-d≥kv, SmIvk,v .sj-b¿ hn`-h-߃ IqSn-s°m-t≠-bn-cn-°pw. F√m {]mb-°m¿°pw hn`m-K°m¿°pw Bh-iy-amb - tXmakv aØmbn Icn-°w-]-≈n¬ am¿°-‰v, sl¬Øv, ^mj≥, {Smh¬, hn⁄mw t{Imkvtdm-Un¬ e`y-am-°m≥ FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv FUn-‰¿ Sn-.Fw.-sI- - hy-‡n-hn-ti-jw- _p°--v sj¬-^v- A-iz-Xn- tem-I-Øn-s‚- s-dp-I-bn¬- G-Im-¥-am-b A-tz-j-Ww- ! ! ⁄m- -∏-d-h- ! B-fl- k-]-cn-Wm-a- hn-Zy-bn¬- ]-cn-N-b- k¬-°m-c-am-W-Xv.- C-hn-sS- `-£- I-Ym-]cam-b- A-p-kacWIƒ- ! - - v- - - - s∏-Sp-ج,- hn-iZo-IcWw,- hn-a¿- - - - Ww- I-gn-°m≥- h-∂m¬- Cu- a-p- P-bnw-kv- tPm-k-^v- sI-. ! Un.- i-w,- n¿-[m-c-W- k-t¶-X-߃- jy-s‚- ÿ-e-am-Wv- Rm≥- k-µ¿- H N-cn-{Xw- Xn-cp-Øn- H-_m-a- _m-a!-- I-dp-Ø-v sa-en-™-v X-ebn¬- Ip- - - n-∂pw- ]-Tw- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°p-tºmƒ- H-_m-a- - kn.-_p-Iv-kv- ! hn-e- 60 cq-] ! {]- kn-≤o-I-c-Ww- 2008 Hm-K-Ãv-.- F-¥n-s-∂-dn-bm-sX- ho-Sp- F-√mw- ^-eip-y-am-Wv.- Im-cWw- - Hm-tcm- k¿-Km-∑-I- Ir-Xn-bpw- hn- Im-c-{]-]-©-ß-fm-Wv.- Cu- Ir-Xn- - in-°m-dv.- -√- a-’-c-ap-≈- hy-h- km-bam-bn-cp-∂Xn-m¬- F-s‚- ]- - - Xn-hv- A-bm-sf- k-t¥m-jn-∏n-®n- ‰n-ap-Sn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b- a-p-jy≥.- N-cn-{Xw- ssI- C-‚¿-m-jW¬- dn-te-j≥-kn¬- hn-ZK[]T- - - -v - - hn-´n-d-ßp-I-bpw- A-e-™pw- a-b- bpw- A-ß-s- X-s∂.- cn-°-Ww.- Im-ip- sIm-Sp-Øp- I-gn- °p-acp-∂p-Iƒ-°Sn-abm-bpw- F-¥n- - - - ]p-kv-X-I-Øn¬- n-∂v-:- Rm- ™pw- h-gn-tbm-cw- ]-‰n- s]-´n-∏p-d- ]n-Sn-®v- I-b‰n-b- D-∂Xn-bn¬-n¬-°p-tºmƒ- - - -hpw- s]m-fn-‰n-°¬- k-b≥-kn¬-_n-cp-Zhpw- - tm- th-≠n- Xn-c-™pw- -S-∂- H- m-tcm-Spw- H-∂pw- ]-d™n- - Øp- X-s∂- Rm-n-cp-∂p.- tem-Iw- B-cm-[tbm-sS- tm-°p-∂p- A-t±- - - t-Sn-bn-cp-∂p.- ]n-∂o-Sv- _n-kn-kv- C-‚¿-m- - cp- bp-hm-hn-s‚- A-p-`-h- I-Y.- √.- X-d-bn¬- H-®-h-bv-°m- A-bmƒ- F-t∂m-Sv- F-gp- l-sØ.- _-cm-°v- H-_m-a.- B-Zy-sØ- B-{^n- j-W¬- tIm¿-∏td-jn-epw- C-‚dk‰-v dn-tk¿- - - - - -v ⁄m-m¿-÷--am-bn-cp-t∂m- A- sX- -S-∂p- ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn.- t∂-‰p- t]m-Ip-hm≥- B- °≥- ˛- A-ta-cn-°≥- hw-iPm-b- A-ta-cn-°≥- - - ®v- {Kq-∏n-epw- tPm-en-sN-bXp.- 1985 ap-X¬- 1988 -v Xn-s‚- e-£yw-?- F-∂m¬- ⁄m- A-t∏mƒ- ]-Øp-a-Wn- k- h-iy-s∏-Sn-√.- X-s∂-bp-a- {]-kn-U-‚ v.- Ip-d-®p- m-fp-I-fm-bn- Cu- a-p- h-sc- sU-he∏nw-K-v I-ayq-Wn-‰n- t{]m-PIS-v U- - - - -v -Øn-s‚- a-lm-km-K-c- Xo-c-sØ- a-b-am-bn-cp-∂p.- tlm-´-ep- √,- Bƒ-Øn-c-°p-an-√.- jy≥- k-©cn-°p-∂- h-gn-Ifn-em-bn-cp-∂p- tem- - - b-dISdm-bn-cp-∂p.- - -v - Øn- n-ev-°p-∂- H-cp- a-p-jy-s- Iƒ- k-I-e-Xpw- A-S-®n-cp- Rm--hn-Sn-cn-°p-I- H-cp- I-Øn-s‚- {i-≤.- sN-dp-∏-°m-c-m-b- Cu- n- 1988˛¬- n-ba]TØn-m-bn- l-hm¿-Uv- - - - - - H-Sp-hn¬- Im-Wmw.- B-bn-c-ß-sf- ∂p.- quot;-m-jW'en-cn-In¬- - -- - tem- l y- ° m- c - s - t ∏m- b-a- A-[ym-]I≥- F-∂pw- hy-Xy-kXam-b- Nn- - -v - tem- kvIq-fn¬- tN¿-∂p.- B-Zy-h¿-jw-Xs∂- - - th-Z--bp-sS- C-cpƒ-°-b-ß-fn¬- (tKm-h-bp-sS- X-e-ÿm-- se- B-Wp-Xm-pw.- F- ¥m-KXn-Iƒ-°v- D-Sabm-Wv.- A-Xp-sIm-≠p-X- - - - l-hm¿-Uv- tem- dn-hyq-hn-s‚- B-Zy- I-dp-Ø- n-∂p- I-cIb‰p-∂- ip-{iq-jIm- - - - - - am-b- ]-m-Pn-bn-se- H-cp- ∂m¬- ]-c-kv-]-cw- R- s∂- tem- I w- A- t ±- l - hw-iPm-b- F-Un-‰dm-bn.- 1990˛¬- dn-hyq-s‚- - - - bn.- a-p-jym-¥¿-K-X-ß-fp-sS- C- kn-n-am- Xn-tb-‰¿-)- h-gn-hm-Wn-`- ߃- H-cn-°-epw- kw-km-cn-®n-√.- Øn¬-n-∂pw- ]-e-Xpw- {]-kn-U‚pw- B-bn.- F-Un-‰¿- C≥- No-^v- F- - cp-≠- `q-X-e-ß-fn-eq-sS- H-‰-Øn-cn- °m¿- sdm-´n- hn-ev-°p-∂p-≠v.- sk- kw-km-cn-°p-hm≥- ]-‰n-b- -√- t- {]-Xo-£n-°p-∂p.- A-ta- ∂- kvYm-hpw- F-¨]tXm-fw- h-cp-∂- dn-hyq- - - - - sh-fn-®-hp-am-bn- A-e-bp-∂- A-p- °-‚ v- tjm- ]n-cn-™v- Ip-td- I-gn- c-ß-fn-em-bn-cn-°n-√- Rm≥- A-hn- cn-°≥- {]-kn-U-‚ v- ]- F-Un-‰¿-am-cp-sS- Np-aXebpw- A-t±-lØn-m- - - - - `q-Xn- Cu- ]p-kv-X-Iw- -ev-Ip-∂p.- bpw- h-sc- A-hn-sS- hn-ev-]--bp- sS- t]m-Im-d.v - B- a-p-jy≥- b-Ym¿- Z-hn-bn-se-Øn-b- Cu- bn.- C-sX-√mw- B-Zy-am-bn- H-cp- I-dp-Ø- hw-i- {`m-¥am-bn- A-e™v,- G-Im-¥am- - - - ≠m-hpw.- A-tßm-´m-Wv- Rm≥- - Y-Øn¬- -√- kw-km-c-°m-c-m- I-dp-Ø- a-p-jy- P-n¬- F-Øp-∂- Im-gNbm-bn-cp-∂p- A-X.v - -v - bn- A-tz-jn-®v,- Im-e-Øn-eq-sS- S-∂p-t]m-bX.v - c-≠mw- I-fn- Xp-Sßn- - - Wv.- sN-∂- Im-e-sØ-t∂m- A- n¬- ]-Tn-°m≥- G- l-hm¿-Un¬-n-∂-v sP.-Un.- a-Km-m-Iw- tem- ]-co-£n-®v,- a---Øn-eq-sS- A-dn- bn-cp-∂-Xn-m¬- A-hn-sS- H-´pw- Xn- bmƒ- H-cp- kz-Im-cy- N¿-®-bv-°v- H- sd-bp-≠v.- {]-tNm-Z- Uv- _n-cp-Zw- t-Sn.- ™v,- Po-hn-Xm¿-Yw- tX-Sn-b- H-cp- c-°n-√m-bn-cp-∂p.- A-©m-dp- I-S-I- cp-º-´p.- cm-jv-{So-bw- t]m-se-tbm- w- Dƒ-s°m-≈m-pw.- hy-Xy-kX- Np-‰p-]m-Sp-Ifn-eq-sS- I-S∂p-h- -v - - bq-hm-hn-s‚- A-p-`hßfm-Wn-Xv.- - - - fpw- A-{X-tØm-fw- B-h-iy-°m- a-t‰m- h-en-b- Im-cy-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p- G-Im-¥- n-i-_v-Z-X-bn¬,- cpw.- h-en-b- hn-i-∏p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- hn-j-bw.- Rm-sm-cp- hm-t°m- a- B- { ^n- ° ≥- ap- ∂- H-_m-a-bp-sS- Nn-¥m- k¿-th-{µn-b- {]-[m--am-bn-cn-°p- aq-∂p-m-ep- sN-dn-b- sdm-´n-bpw- c- -t m- A-tßm-´p- sIm-Sp-Øn-√.- …ow- B-b- sI-n-b≥- K-Xn-Ifn-epw- hy-Xy-kX- - -v ∂- I-Æp-Iƒ- sIm-≠v- A-£cß- - - ≠p- ]m-{Xw- ]-®-°-dn-bpw- hm-ßn- Xo-‰∏m-{X-Øn-te-°v- Ip-n-™n-cp- - kz-tZ-in- _-cm-°-v H- bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- C-Xv- A- fn-eq-sS- kw-{I-an-°p-∂- `m-h-˛-c- Øn-∂p.- B-h-iyw- t]m-se- sh- ∂p.- A-∂p- n¿-Øn-b- kw-km-c- _m-a- ko-n-b-dn- t±-l-sØ- A-ta-cn-°≥- tkm-Pz-eXIfm-Wv- hm-b.- A-hn- - - - - ≈-hpw.- tdm-Un¬- C-´n-cn-°p-hm≥- am-W.v - t‚-bpw- I≥- sk-‰n-se- B-Zy- I-dp-Ø- - sS- hm-b°m-cpw- ]p-kXIØn- - - - v- - - B-bmƒ- ho-™-s∏-´n- X-∂p.- F- Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ sh_vssk‰v: km-kv- h¿-K°m-c≥- F-∂- N-cn-{X-h- - pw- C-S-bn¬- kw-`-hn-°p-∂- cm- n-°p- am-{X-am-bp-≈- D-b¿-∂- www.jamesvaidyanhealing.com kv-Xp-X-I-fn-te-°p-b¿-Øn.- 1996˛¬- C-√n-tm-bn-se- kw-k-v Ym-- sk--‰-dm-bn.- 2002˛¬- ho- ≠pw- sk-‰dm-bX-v F-Xn-cn-√m-sX- - - - sP-bk¨- sk-_m-k‰y≥- -v -v bm-bn-cp-∂p.- 2003˛¬- B-tcm-Ky- a-p- kz-tZ- jy-tk-h--h-Ip-∏n-s‚- sN-b¿-am-m-bn.- in-n- 2007˛¬- H-_m-a- X-s‚- {]-kn-U‚ v- kvYm-m¿- - - B≥-U-lm- an-t‚-bpw- ∞n-Xzw- {]-Jym-]n-®p.- ]-t£- B-cpw- A-X-v Ku- a-I-m-bn- 1961 Hm-K-kv-‰v- c-ham-bn- F-Sp-Øn-√.- sX-cs™-Sp-∏v- {]-Nm-c- - - m-en-v- l-hm-bn¬- P-- W-th-fbn-se- {]-kw-K߃- cm-Py-hym-]Iam- - - - - w.- ]-T--Øn-n-S-bn¬- I- bn- H-_m-asb- {i-≤m-tI-{µ-am-°n.- B-Zyw- ap- - ≠p-ap-´n- {]-Wbn-®- H-_m-a- - X-te- {]-kn-U‚ v- tPm¿-Pv- _p-jn-s‚- -bß- - - bp-sS- am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ- A- tfm-Sv- H-_m-a- Im-Wn-®- F-Xn¿-∏pw- P-ßsf- - - t±-l-Øn-v- c-≠p-h-b-kp-≈- B-I¿-jn-®p.- ln-em-cn- ¢n-‚s- ]n-¥≈n- U- - - t∏mƒ- th¿-]n-cn-™p.- ]n-Xm- tam-{Im-‰n-Iv- ]m¿-´n- kvYm-m¿-∞n-Xzw- t-Sn- - hv- sI-n-bbn-te-°v- Xn-cn-®p-t]m-bn.- A-Ω- a- - sb-Sp-°m≥- C-Xv- H-_m-asb- k-lm-bn-®p.- dn- - s‰m-cp- C≥-tUm-t-jy≥- kz-tZ-in-sb- hn-hm- ∏-ªn-°≥- {]-kn-U‚- kvYm-m¿-∞n- tPm-¨- - - lw- I-gn-®p.- ]-Øp-h-b-kp-h-sc- P-°m¿-Ø- sa-°-bv-s- tXm¬-∏n-®- 44˛mw- A-ta-cn-°≥- bn¬- B-Wv- H-_m-a- ]-Tn-®-Xv.- ]n-∂o-Sv- I≥- {]-kn-U‚m-Ip-Ibm-W-v H-_m-a.- kvYm-ta¬- - - - - km-kn¬- F-Øn- _n-cp-Zw- t-Sp-∂Xp-hsc- A- - - °p-∂Xv- 2009 P-p-hcn- 20˛-v.- - - hn-sS-Øp-S¿-∂p.- ]n-s∂- km-aq-ly-{]-h¿-Ø- cm-j{So-b- {]-th-iØn--v ap≥-]p-Xs∂- -v - - - -߃-°m-bn- C≥-tUm-t-jy-bn-te-°-v Xn-cn- ]p-kXIcN- -SØn-bn-´p-≈- H-_m-asb-tØ- -v - - - - - - sI-t]m-bn.- Sn- {Km-an- A-hm¿-Upw- F-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.- quot;-Zn- H- 1982˛¬- H-_m-a-bp-sS- ]n-Xm-hv- hm-l-m- tUm-kn-‰n- tlm-∏'--v F-∂- c-≠m-asØ- ]p-kX- - -v ]-ISØn¬- a-cn-®p.- 1988˛¬- bq-tdm-∏v- k-µ¿- - - I-Øn-s‚- i-_Zcq-]Øn-m-bn-cp-∂p- A-hm¿-U.v - -v - - i--Øn-n-S-bn¬- sI-n-b-bn¬- F-Øn-b- H- I-dp-Ø- h¿-K-°m-c-s‚- kz-]v--hpw- bm- _m-a- A-hn-sS- X-s‚- _-‘p-°-sf- I-≠p-ap- Ym¿-∞y-am-Ip-∂- a-Æm-W-v A-ta-cn-°- F-∂m- ´n.- Nn-°m-tKm-bn¬- I-s≠-Øn-b- an-tj¬- tdm- Wv- H-_m-a- {]-kw-KØn¬- ]-d™Xv.- A-ta- - - - _n≥-ksW- 1992 H-ItSm-_¿- aq-∂n-v- hn-hm- - v- cn-°≥- {]-kn-U-‚ v- F-∂- n-e-bn¬- Cu- I- lw- I-gn-®p.- am-en-b- B≥,- km-j- F-∂o- c- dp-Ø- h¿-K°m-cs‚- kz-]߃- bm-Ym¿-∞y- - - -v - ≠v- s]-¨Ip-´n-Ifp-≠-v Cu- Z-ºXn-Iƒ-°.v - bp- - - - am-Ip-tºmƒ- tem-IØn-v- D-≠m-Ip-∂- t-´w- - ssW-‰Uv- N¿-®v- Hm-^v- ss{I-kv‰v- hn-izm-kn.- - - F-¥?- A-Xm-bn-cn-°pw- C-n- tem-Iw- ap-gp-h≥- -v 1983˛¬- sIm-fw-_n-b- k¿-h-I-em-im-e-bn¬- D-‰p-tm-°p-∂Xpw.- - cmyk
    • 10 ¿-Ωw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 sam-gn-bpw- sXm-gn-bpw- Dab√q¿- {]km-Zv- Z¿-_m¿- Dab√qcm≥- Ubtem-Kv- am-‰mw- A®S°sas¥∂v- ! B ¿.- _m-eIr-jW]n-≈bv°-v Ahm¿-U:-v hm¿-Ø -v - quot; kp-tc-jv- tKm-]n-°v- Cn- Ubtem-Kv- am-‰mw- quot;^m....- jn-‰v'- F∂Xn-p- ]Tn-∏n-°mw- ]Icw- quot;^m..- Ahm¿-tU..'- F∂m-°mw.- ! _m-¶n-se tPm-en-bn¬-n-∂v- Rm≥- kz-bw- ]n-cn-bp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p-.- Ft∂°mƒ- Xm-sgbp-≈hsc km-sd∂v- hn-fn-°m≥- {]bm-kap-≈Xp-sIm- ≠v: sI.-]n.- cm-ap-Æn- ! F s‚ a°sf A®S°sas¥∂v - ]Tn- ∏ n- ! ASp-Ø Bgv-N Fs‚ hnhm-lam-Wv.- Hcp-]tZiw- °Wsa∂p-≠v.- tIcfØn¬- AXn-p-]‰n-b kvYm- - Xcp-tam?- kp-tc-j-v Ir-jW,- sIm®n- -v quot; sIm≈mw.- Cn- cm-ap-Æn- km-dn-s Bcpw- km-sd∂v- hn-fn-°n-√ ]߃- h√Xp-ap-t≠m-: `m¿-Kh≥- m-b¿,- ap-≈-w- # ]Xp-s°Øn-∂m¬- ]bpw- Xn-∂mw-! t√m-? sIm-√n- ! kn-n-a ]Ip-Xn-sbØp-tºmƒ- CSthf sIm-Sp- ! kw-Ko-Xhpw- im-∏m-Sp-am-W-v Fs‚ Po-h≥.- A-©p- aWn-°q¿- H∂p-w- Ign- °p-∂sX¥n-m-Wv- tN´m,- AsXm-gn-hm-°n-°q-sS!! °m-Xn-cp-∂-v Rm≥- _n-cn-bm-Wn- Ign-°pw: icXv- (kw-Ko-X kwhn-[m-bI≥)- kp-tcjv,- - ap-JØe - # am-y-am-b tNm-Zyw.- ]t£ ]Sw- j°o-ebp-tSXm- quot; quot;km-[hpw- im-∏mSp-'sa∂m-bn-cp-∂p- ]dtb≠n-bn-cp-∂Xv.- - - bm¬...?- ! Ip-´n-Ifp-≠m-hm≥- hn-hm-lw- Ign-°Wsa∂n-√.- c≠p- kv{Xo-Ifn-em-bn- - ! Fs‚ `m-cy-°pw- N{µn¬- t]m-IWsa∂p-≠v.- am¿- quot;Fn-°v- Bdp- Ip-´n-Ifp-≠v.- n-ba]cam-bn- Ah¿- c≠pw- Fs‚ `m-cy-am- Kap-t≠m: hmkv- - Bepw-aq-S,v -- aøm-S-v cp-a√: Xn-eI≥.- # AbesØ N{µs‚ Im-cy-am-bn-cn-°pw-.- quot; a‰m-cp-tStbm- `m-cy-am-cm-Ipw- Fs∂mcp- [z-n-bp-≠t√m- tN´m.- ! `qanaebm-fØn-ep-≈ k¿-h sXdn-Ifpw hiØm-°n- ! hn-.Fkv.- ANyp-Xm-µ≥- Im-elcWs∏´ ]p-Wym-f≥-: Fw.- ap-Ipµ≥- - b Hcp- ]©h¿-W°n-fn- Fn-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- ]s£ quot; ap-Ip-tµ´m...- quot;quot;Iae'-'- hn-fn-°p-∂p.- ASp-Øn-sS Fw.-Fw.- lks‚ Hcp- {]kw-Kw- Sn-hn- ! tam-jSm-°fp-am-bn- _‘w,- c≠v- k_v- C≥-ks]IvS¿-am-sc kkvs]≥- -v -v - bn¬- tI´Xn-¬- ]n-s∂ In-fn- an-≠p-∂n-√.- F¥v- Uv- sNbvXp-: sIm-√w- hm¿-Ø.- - sNøWw?- Pn-Pn-tam≥- tP°_v,- ]p-eq¿- quot; tam-jSm-°sfbm-bn-cp-∂p- kkvs]≥-Uv- sNtø≠n-bn-cp-∂Xv.- v- - # AXn-bm-s hn-fn-°m-p-≈ km-[w- kvt‰m-°n-√m-bn- - !ssew-Kn-I Nq-jWw- kn-n-abn¬- hfsc Ip-dhm-W.v Sn- sshIp-t∂cam- - cn-°pw.- bm¬- n¿-am-Xm-hn-s‚ ap-dn-bn-te°v- Ip-fn-®-v s]m-bt°m-fWsa∂Xv- ]gb -v ! Ihn-Ifpw- Iem-Im-c∑m-cp-sa√mw- kv{Xo-Isfbm-Wt√m- - IY.- Ct∏m- Cß√: cRvPn-Ø-v (kw-hn-[m-bI≥)- # Xo¿-®bm-bpw.- a°sfbpw- Iq-´n- tIcfØn-se _n- tN´m- h¿-Wn-°m-dp-≈Xv.- ]p-cp-j∑m-sc H∂v- h¿-Wn- quot; Ip-fn-°m-p-≈ km-hIm-iw- In-´m-dn-√m-bn-cn-°pw.- htdPv- tIm¿-∏tdjs‚ Hu-´se‰p-Ifn¬- sN∂m¬- -v °cp-tXm?- tkm-a≥-,- ISep-≠n-Kcw- ! C¥y- N{µn-seØn: hm¿-Ø aXn.- Iyq,- A®S°w,- klIcWw- F√mw- ]Tn-°mw.- ! quot;I¨-aWn- o-sb≥- Icw- ]n-Sn-®m¬- IÆp-Isf¥n-v- thsd'- F∂v- Ihn- ]m-Sn.- Fs¥¶n-epw- Igºp-t≠m: I_o¿,- Xet»cn- # quot;Ic'-Øn¬- am-{Xta ]n-Sn-°m-hq- F∂v- am-{Xw.- ! sIm-Xp-Ip-Iƒ- cm-{Xn- am-{Xw- ap-jy-s‚ c‡w- Ip-Sn- °p-∂p.- F¥p-sIm-≠m-WXv: kp-tajv,- - Np-°c.- # ]I¬- tXm-°∑m-cp-≠t√m- An-bm.- ! CSn-Øo- ho-Whs ]m-º-v ISn-®p- Fs∂m-cp- ]gs©m- √p-≠v.- Aßs kw-`hn-®n-´p-t≠m- tN´m: ko-,- ap-Xp-Im-´p-Ic.- # `cWw- am-dp-tºmƒ- aebm-fn-°-v ]n-s∂¥m-W-v kw-`hn- °p-∂Xv?- ! C©n-©m-bn- acn-°m-p-ff Hcp- t]mw-hgn- ]d™p- Xcm-tam?- kp-tc{µ≥-,- In-Sßbw- # ko-cn-bep-Iƒ- Im-Wm-dn-t√?- # h¿-Wn-°m-p-≈ kvYew- Im-Wn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øm¬- aXn.- - ! Rm-o-bn-sSbm-bn- Hcp- aebm-fn-bm-b Xan-gv- Sn-sb ! ]n-Wdm-bn- ˛ ANyp-Xm-µ≥-,- Chcn-em-cm-W-v tIa≥?- kz-]w- Im-Wp-∂p?- am-kn-Itcm-Kw- h√Xp-am-tWm- -v hn.- Kn-co-j,v- - am-then-°c bn-Xv?- tPm-kv- am-Xyp-,- sIm-´n-bw.- # Ah¿- Ahcp-tSsX∂pw- Ωƒ- Ωp-tSsX∂pw- # BZyw Feo-km- sSkv‰v.- - - ]dbmw.- ! tIcfØn¬- G‰hpw- Iq-Sp-X¬- N¿-® sNøs∏Sp-∂Xv?- ! quot;Cu-iz-c Nn-¥bn-sXm-t∂ ap-Pv- im-iz-Xta DeIn¬'- quot; Cn- N{µn-ep-≈h∑m-sc√mw- Iq-Sn- F∂m-Wm-thm- Ctßm-´v- sI´n- cm-j{So-bw,- km-aq-lyw,- km-ºØn-Iw,- kmw-k°m-cn- -v -v .- tcm-tWm?- B¿.- cm-tPjv,- CSp-°n- sbSp-°p-I. Iw?- CXn-teXm-sW∂v- ]dbm-tam?- lcn-Zm-k,v - hSIc.- # kt¥m-jv- am-[h kzman-tbm-Sv- tNm-Zn-°mw.- !tIm-gn-t°m-´v- Hcp- ]{X dn-t∏m¿-´tdm,- aebm-fw- A[ym-]Itm- Cw-•o- jn¬- Ihn-X ]Sbv°p-∂hm-bm¬- ]n-∂bm-fp-sS ]{Xm-k-v ]dtb≠ Im- - # ¨- Hm^v- Zo-kv.- ^pƒ-,- ss]‚ v,- Izm¿-´¿-.- ! Xhf F∂ hm-°v- hcp-∂ Hcp- aebm-f Km-w- ]m-Sm- cy-an-√: Un.- hn-bN{µ≥- ! Rm≥- aebm-fn.- sI´m≥- t]m-Ip-∂Xv- t∏m-fn.-- R߃- tam?-- kp-h¿-W.-sI.-,- aqhm-‰p-]p-g °p≠m-Ip-∂ a°ƒ?- kn¬-,- ]¥fw- # ]n-s∂¥m.- quot;Im-´n-se ]m-gvap-fw- X≠n¬-n-∂pw...-'- ]m- quot; GXv- dn-t∏m¿-´dpw- A[ym]Ipw- Iq-Sn-bm- AÆm- quot;_m¿- _n-√v'-- sIm-Sp- - # Fc∏m-fn-Ifm-Im-sX kq-£n-°p-I.- ´n-s‚ ]m-em-gn- Xo¿-quot;Xhtf'.- ∏n-®Xv? h-gn-tbm-cw- tdm-bn- ]n.- ]-t{Xm-kv- tlm...- F-s¥m-cp- kv-]o-Uv-!- `mcy: tlm...- F-s¥m-cp- kv-]o-Uv...- F¥nm kvIqƒ h¿j-Øns‚ Ah-kmw gvkdn Ct∏mƒ Imdns‚ kv]oUv Iq´n-bX.v - kvIqƒ Ip´n-Iƒ Ah-cpsS A[ym-]n-Ibv°v kΩm- `¿Ømhv: t{_°v t]mbn. A]-ISw D≠mIpw -߃ evIp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. - ap≥]v ho´n-se-ØWw. - ]q°-S-°m-cs‚ aI≥ kΩm--s∏mXn sImSp- Ø-t∏mƒ A[ym-]nI tNmZn-®p. Rmn-Xn--I ImgvN-_w-•m-hnse ta¬tm-´-°m-c≥: n߃ Øv F¥m-sW∂p ]d-bt´? ]q°-ft√? ]ø≥ icn- s]m´n-®Xv 500 h¿jw ]g-°ap≈ {]Xn-abm-Wv. - - h-®p. ImgvN°m-c≥: ssZh-Ønp µn! Rm≥ hnNm-cn®p - Fßs AX-dn™q? F∂v ]ø≥. AXv ]pXn-bXm-sW-∂.v - Rm≥ shdqtX Duln-®p F∂v So®¿. ]pcp-j≥ ssZh-tØmSv: F¥nm kv{XoIsf ^-en-XØp-≈n-Iƒ- ASp-ØXv t_°-dn-bp-SabpsS aIƒ s]mXn sImSp- - - C{X kpµ-cn-Ifmbn krjvSn-®X? - - v Ø-t∏mƒ So®¿ tNmZn-®p. AXn-IØv a[p-c]e- - - - ssZhw ]pcp-j-tmSv: F∂mte Ahsc n߃ lm-cßft√. s]¨Ip´n Xe-bm-´n. - - - kvtln-°q. Fßs AX-dn™q? F∂v s]¨Ip´n tNmZn-®p. ]pcp-j≥ ssZh-tØmSv: F¥m ]pcp-j∑msc a≠- - Rm≥ shdqtX Duln-®p F∂v ho≠pw So®¿. ∑m-cmbn krjvSn-®Xv? ]ns∂ kΩm-s∏mXn sIm≠p h∂Xv aZy-jm-∏p- - ssZhw ]pcp-j-tmSv: F∂mte Ah¿ nßsf S-abpsS aI-m-W.v kq£n®p ]nSn-®p-sIm≠p h∂ - kvtln-°q. s]mXn tNmcp-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXn-semcp Xp≈n F¥nm n߃ Ic-bp-∂Xv? m°n¬ h®n´v So®¿ tNmZn-®p. CXv ssh≥ At√? B B sNcn-™p. A√ F∂p kw{`-atØmsS ]ø≥. kzev]w IqSn - AXv nß-fpsS Hma-bm-bn-cpt∂m? - sXm´p m°n¬ h®n´p So®¿ tNmZn- ® p. - jmsºbv≥? A√, Rm≥ Ipgn-sh-´p-Im-cm-W.v - IqSp-X¬ kw{`-atØmsS A√ F∂p ]ø≥. H∂p - t_mbv {^≠v: Fs‚ iºfw n°p aXn-bm- IpsS sXm´p m°n¬ h®n´p So®¿ ]d-™p. C√, Iptam? Rm≥ hn´p. F¥m-sW∂v Cn ]d-bq. tKƒ {^≠v : Fn°p aXn- b m- I pw. ]t£ h√msØmcp D√m-ktØmsS B¨Ip´n ]d-™p. - nßsfßs ]ns∂ Pohn°pw? Cu s]mXn-°IØv Hcp ]´n-°p-´n-bmWv! -
    • bm-{X- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 11 Ipd™ sNehn¬ _nknkv ¢mkv; Ip´nIƒ°v kºq¿W kuPyhpambn tKm Iw^¿´v k¿hokv Bcw`n®p {ioe¶≥ ]mt°Pv hm Un-b- {Kq-∏n-s‚- tKm- F-b¿-sse≥-kv- - I- f n- s em- ∂ v - sX- c - s ™- S p- ° - s ∏- S m- p- ≈ - {io- e - ¶ ≥- F- b ¿- Pv- {]-Im-cw- aq-∂pw- m-epw- Zn-h- Zv- F-∂n-hn-Sßfn¬- n-∂m-cw- - - C-¥y- ss{]-h-‰v- en-an-‰-Uv- Ip-d-™- sN-e-hn¬- ku-I-cyw- F-∂n-h-bp-ap-≠v.- ku-P-y- ao¬ sse≥-kn-s‚- hn-tm-Zk©m- - - kw- o-fp-∂- ]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬- ap-Xn¿- `n-°p-∂- ]m-t°-Pn¬- A-tßm- {]o-an-bw- tk-h߃- -eIp-∂- tKm- Iw-^¿-´v- - - v- kv,- kvm-°kv- F-∂n-h- bm-{X-°m¿-°v- e-`y-am- - - v- c- hn-`m-Kam-b- {io-e¶≥- tlm- - - ∂-h¿-s°m-∏w- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- Xm- ´pw- C-tßm-´p-ap-≈- hn-am-- Sn- {_m≥-U-v A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂p.- _n-kn-k-v bm-{X- - - - °pw.- fn-sU-bk-v am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ- -v °-‰v,- {]-`m-X- `-£Ww- Dƒ- - I-fn¬- an-I®- ku-Icy-ßtfm-sS- k-©cn-°mw- - - - - tKm-kam¿-´-v k¿-ho-kp-Iƒ-°-v Cu-Sm-°p-∂- -v s°m-∏w- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v- k- s∏-sS-bp-≈- Xm-a-kw,- F- F-∂Xm-W-v tKm-Iw-^¿-´n-s‚- {]-tXy-IX.- - - Xn-epw- 1750 cq-]- am-{Xw- A-[n-I- Nm¿-Pv- Cu-Sm- ºq¿-W- ku-Pyw- A-p-h- - b¿-t∏m¿-´v- ˛- C-t‚¿-W¬- A-hkm-n-an-jw- bm-{X- d-±m-t°-≠n-h∂m- - - - °n-bm-Wv- tKm-Iw-^¿-´v- tk-hw- e-`y-am-°p-∂- - Zn-°p-∂- ]m-t°-P-v A-hXcn- - - {Sm≥-k^dp-Iƒ,- F-b¿- I- v- - epw- A-[n-I- sN-ehp-I- - Xv.- bm-{X- sN-øp-∂- Zn-h- ∏n-®p.- ¨- U o- j ≥- U v - hm- l - - fn-√m-sX- Sn-°-‰v- am-‰n- kw- X-s∂- Sn-°‰-v hm-ßn- - tlm-fn-tU- C≥- sIm- Øn¬- bm-{X,- Cw-•o-j-v kw- sb-Sp-°mw.- a-‰v- F-b¿- bm-epw- n-Ip-Xn-bpw- k¿- fw-tºm,- tlm-fn-tU- C≥- km-cn-°p-∂- ssK-U,v - sIm-fw- sse- p- I - s f- A- t ]- Nm¿-Ppw- A-S°w- 6875 cq- - _o-®,v - tlm-fn-tU- C≥- s- tºm-bn¬- kn-‰n- Sq¿- F-∂n- £n-®v- km-[m-c-W- C- ]-bm-Wv- tKm-Iw-^¿-´n- Kw-tºm,- tlm-fn-tU- C≥- h-bpw- D-≠m-Ipw.- 17,-399 ap- t°m-W-an- ¢m-kv- Sn-°- s‚- Ip-d™- n-c°.v - - - Iym≥-Un- F-∂o- hn-tm-Z- X¬- 22,-799 cq-]- h-sc-bm-W-v ‰p-Iƒ-°p-≈- Im≥-k- C-t°m-Wan- ¢m-kn- - bm-{Xm- ]m-t°-Pp-Iƒ-°m- ]m-t°-Pn-s‚- n-c°p-Iƒ.- - te-j≥- Nm¿-Ppw- Ip-dhm-W.v - apw-ss_,- U¬-ln- - s‚- n-c°n¬- _n-kn-k-v ¢m-kn-s‚- ku-Icy-߃- - - Wv- ku-Pyw.- C-hb°-v P- - - -v e-¶bn¬- n-∂-v hn-tZ-i- - F-∂n-hn-Sßfn¬- sN-°˛C≥- sN-øp-∂Xn-m-bn- - - -v - - D-]tbm-Kn-°m-sa-∂Xm-W-v tKm-Iw-^¿-´n-s‚- {]- - - p-h-cn- 31 h-sc- {]m-_-eyw- k-©m-cn-Iƒ-°-v e-`n-°m-hp- {]-tXy-I- Iu-≠¿- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂p.- a-‰v- F-√m- Xy-IXsb-∂v- tKm-Iw-^¿-´v- No-^v- F-Ivkn-Iyq- - - - D-≠m-Ipw.- c-≠p- ap-Xn¿-∂h¿- - a-kn-°mw.- ∂- G-‰-hpw- an-I-®- ]m-t°-Pp- F-b¿-t]m¿-´n-epw- sN-°˛C≥- sN-øp-∂Xn--v ap≥- -v - - ´o-h-v Hm-^o-k¿- °p-≈- Sn-°-‰n-s‚- ]m-t°-Pn- sIm-®n,- Xn-cp-h¥]p-cw,- tIm- I-fm-Wv- C-hsb-∂v- {io-e¶≥- - - - - - K-W-- e-`n-°pw.- 34 C-©v- ko-‰v- ]n-®v,- A-[n-I- F-UKm¿-tUm- _-Zn-bm-en- ]-d™p.- Ip-d™- -v - - m-Wv- 12 h-b-kn-p- Xm-sg-bp- gn-t°m-Sv,- tIm-b-º-Øq¿,- {Sn-®n,- tlm-fn-tU-bk-v P-d¬- am-t- -v - se-Kv- kvt]-kv- Xp-Sßn- kp-J{]-Zam-b- bm-{X- D- - - - - n-c°n-pw- aq-ey-h¿-≤n-X- - ≈- c-≠v- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v- ku-P- sN-ss∂,- U¬-ln,- apw-ss_,- P¿- A-an-X-v kp-a]m-e- Nq-≠n- - - d-∏m-°p-∂- ko-‰nw-Kv- kw-hn-[m-w,- tk-h߃-°pw- an-I®- kzo-IcWam-W-v e- - - - - - - yw- A-p-hZn-°p-∂X.v - ]m-t°- - - _mw-Kfq¿,- tKm-h,- ssl-{Zm-_m- °m-´n.- - ap≥-h-i-sØ- B-Zy- m-ep- n-c- ko-‰p- `n-°p-∂sX-∂pw- Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.- - tKm- F-b-dn-s‚- A-©p- Sn-°-‰n-v- C-Øn-lm-Zn-v- aq-∂v- thƒ-Uv- hn- H-cp- Sn-°-‰v- tm-Zk©m-cIm-etØ-b°v- {]-tXy-I- Hm-^dp-am- - - - - v- - {Sm-h¬- A-hm¿-Up-Iƒ- bn- tKm- F-b¿.- A-©v- Sn-°‰v- hm-ßp-∂h¿-°v- ku-Py-am- - - - bn- H-cp- Sn-°‰-v -eIp-∂Xm-W-v Cu- Hm-^¿.- tKm- tk-h-v Sn-°- - -v - ‰p-Iƒ- hm-ßp-tºm-gm-Wv- Cu- ku-P-yw.- 2009 am¿-®v- 31 h- Cu - h¿-jsØ- thƒ- - Sp-Ø- a-’cw- -S°p-∂X-v Kƒ-^-v - - - c¬- Nq-≠p-∂sX-∂-v tlm-K¨- ]- - - _p-°v- sN-øs∏-´p.- I-gn-™- - sc-bm-Wv- Cu- {]-tXy-I- Hm-^dn-s‚- Im-em-h[n.- - - Uv- {Sm-h¬- A-hm¿-U-v Zm-- N- ta-J-e-bn-em-sW-∂n-cn-s°- Kƒ- d-™p.- -S∏p- h¿-jsØ- B-Zy- - - h¿-jtØ-Xn-t-°mƒ- G-gp- i- - tKm- F-b¿- sh-_v-ssk-‰n¬- c-Pn-ÿ- sN-øp-∂-h¿-°v- S-ßn¬- C-Øn-lm-Z-v F-b¿-th- ^n-se- G-‰hpw- an-I®- F-b¿-sse- - - H≥-]Xp- am-kw- bm-{X-°m-cp-sS- F- - X-am-w- Iq-Sp-Xem-Wn-X.v - Cu- - Cu- ku-Pyw- kz-¥am-°mw.- _m-¶v- s{I-Un-‰v- Im¿-Uv- h-gn- - - bvkv- lm-{Sn-Iv- I-cÿam-°n.- - - - m-bn- sX-cs™-Sp-°s∏-´X-v A- - - - Æ-Øn¬- ap≥-h¿-j-tØ-Xn-t- h¿-jw- 60 e-£w- bm-{X-°m¿- tbm- t-cn-´-v ]-WaSb°p-∂h¿-°pw- Cu- Hm-^¿- e-`y-am-W.v - - - - -v - Kƒ-^v- ta-Jebn-se- G-‰hpw- - - - F-∂Xm-W-v C-Øn-lm-Zn-s‚- e- - tKm- F-b¿- sh-_ssk-‰n-p- ]p-dta,- tKm- F-b¿- F-b¿-t]m¿- -v - an-I®- F-b¿-sse≥,- G-‰hpw- - - £yw.- A-t∏m-tg-°pw- k¿-ho- ´v- Sn-°‰nw-Kv- Iu-≠¿,- tKm- F-b¿- tImƒ- sk-‚¿- F-∂n-hn- - -√- ^-Ã-v ¢m- -v ku-Icyw- e- - kv- -SØp-∂- tI-{µ-ßfp-sS- - - S-ßfn¬-n-∂pw- Sn-°- - `y-am-°p-∂- F-b¿-sse≥,- G- F-Æw- A-ºXpw- hn-am-ßfp- - - - ‰p-Iƒ- kz-¥am-°mw.- - ‰-hpw- an-I-®- {Sm-h¬- sh-_v- sS- F-Æw- m¬-∏Øn-c≠p-am- - - A- © p- Sn- ° - ‰ p- ssk-‰-v F-∂o- A-hm¿-Up-Ifm- - bn- D-b-cpw.- Iƒ-°v- H-cp- Sn-°-‰v- Wv- Zp-_m-bn¬- -S-Ø-s∏-´- F-b¿-sse≥- hy-hkm-b- - ku-Pyw- F-∂X-v hn- - - thƒ-U-v {Sm-h¬- A-hm¿-UZm- -v Øn-em-Zy-am-bn- hn-am-Øn¬- - tm-Z-k-©m-c-Im-e- - N-Sßn¬- C-Øn-lm-Zv- t- - ^p-Uv- B≥-Uv- _n-h-td-P-kv- tØ-bv-°v- ap≥-Iq-´n- Sn-bXv.- N-Sßn¬- kw-_‘n- - - - am-t-P¿-am-sc- n-tbm-Kn-®Xv- - πm≥- sN-øm≥- D-]- ®- 1,-10,-000 {Sm-h¬- G-P-‚p-am- C-Øn-lm-Zm-Wv.- thƒ-Uv- {Sm- tbm-‡m-°sf- {]m-]Xcm-°p-sa-∂pw- Ip-d™- _-Pddn¬- k- - -v - - - - c-S°ap-≈- 1,-70,-000 s{]m-^j- - - - h¬- A-hm¿-U-v hn-[n- I¿-Øm- ©-cn-°p-∂Xn--v h-gn-sbm-cp-°p-sa-∂pw- tKm- F-b¿- No-^-v F- - W-ep-Iƒ- thm-´nw-Kn-eq-sS- an- °ƒ- C-°m-cyw- F-Sp-Øp- ]-d- Ivkn-Iyq-´o-h-v Hm-^o-k¿- F-UKm¿-tUm- _m-Zn-bm-en- ]-d™p.- - -v - I-®- I-ºn-Isf- sX-cs™- - - - bp-Ibp-≠m-bn.- A-hm¿-Un-¿- - tKm- F-b¿- hn-‚¿- sj-Uyq-fn¬- hn-am-k¿-ho-kp-Ifp- - - Sp-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- - l-am-b- C-Øn-lm-Z-v F-b¿-th- sS- F-Æw- 900 B-bn- h¿-[n-∏n-®p.- H-IvtSm-_dn¬- 11 tI-{µ- - - C-tXm-sS- C-Øn-lm-Zv- C- bvkv- tUm-Sv- tImw- F-∂- sh- - ß-fn-te-b°v- 832 hn-am-k¿-ho-kp-Ifm-Wv- -SØn-bn-cp-∂- v- - - - Xp-h-sc- t-Sn-b- thƒ-Uv- {Sm- _vssk-‰v- A-d_n,- Cw-•o-jv,- - - Xv.- apw-s_-˛tKm-h- sk-ISdn¬- {]-Xn-Zn-- k¿-ho-kp-Iƒ-°p- - v- - h¬- A-hm¿-Up-Ifp-sS- F-Æw-- {^-©,v - P¿-Ω≥,- ssN-o-k-v `m- ]p-dta- apw-ss_-˛tKm-h˛U¬-ln- sk-ISdn¬- F-√m- Xn-¶ƒ,- - - -- -v - 12 B-bn- h¿-[n-®p.- A-©p- j-I-fn-ep-≠v.- Hm-¨-sse≥- hym-gw,- sh-≈n,- Rm-b¿- Zn-hkßfn¬- cm-hn-se- k¿-ho-kv- - - - h¿-jw- ]n-∂n-Sp-∂- C-Øn-lm- _p-°nw-Kn¬- C-Øn-lm-Zv- -S- -SØpw.- - Zn-s- kw-_-‘n-®n-S-t®m-fw- ∏m-°n-bn-´p-≈- ]-cn-jv-°m-c- apw-ss_-bn¬-n-∂-v sIm-®n,- A-lΩZm-_m-Z-v sk-ISdn¬- - - -v - B-tLm-jn-°m≥- h-I- ¬-Ip- ߃-°p-kcn-®-v H-tc- tI-{µ- - - c-≠p- ]p-Xn-b- k¿-ho-kp-Iƒ- B-cw-`n-®p.- Cu- sk-Iv-S-dn¬- ∂-Xm-W-v Cu- _-lp-aXn-Isf- - - Øn-te-°p- X-s∂- hn-hn-[- Zn- Xp-S-°-Øn¬-Ø-s∂- 45 i-X-am-w- h-sc- _p-°nw-Kv- e-`n-®- ∂v- No-^-v F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-h-v Hm- -v h-kßfn¬- Sn-°‰p- n-c°n¬- - - - - Xn-m¬- A-h[n-°m-eßfn¬- k¿-ho-kp-Iƒ- h¿-[n-∏n-°m≥- - - - ^o-k¿- P-bnw-k-v tlm-K¨- ]- - hy-Xym-k-ap-≠m-Ipw.- bm-{X- ]-cn-]m-Sn-bp-≠.v - d-™p.- C-Øn-lm-Zv- h≥- h- t]m-Ip-tºm-gp-≈- n-c°m-bn- - {]o-an-bw- k¿-ho-km-b- tKm-Iw-^¿-´n-v- tKm- F-b¿- Cu- f¿-®- t-Sn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂- cn-°n-√- Xn-cn-®p- h-cp-tºmƒ.- bn-sS- Xp-S°an-´n-cp-∂p.- _n-kn-kv- ¢m-kv- ku-Icy-ßtfm- - - - - - A-hkcØn-em-Wv- Cu- Aw- - - - Ip-d-™- n-c-°n¬- bm-{X- sS- C-°-tWm-an- ¢m-kn-s‚- n-c-°n¬- bm-{X- sN-øm-sa-∂- Ko-Im-cßfpw- h-∂p-tN¿-∂n-cn- - - ©v- h¿-jsa-∂- Np-cp-ßn-b- Im-e- °mƒ- 35 i-Xam-w- h¿-[hm-W-v sN-øm≥- B-{K-ln-°p-∂-h¿- - - - - Xm-W-v tKm- Iw-^¿-´n-s‚- {]-tXy-IX.- C-¥y-bn-se- G-I- tem- - °p-∂-Xv.- B-tKm-f- F-b¿- b-fhn-p-≈n¬- C-Øn-lm-Z-v ssI- C-Øn-lm-Zv- t-Sn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.- °v- an-I®- A-hkcam-W-v C-X-v - - - - - tIm-Ãv- {]o-an-bw- k¿-ho-km-Wn-Xv.- sse≥- hy-h-km-b-Øn¬- I- h-cn-®- h≥- t-´Øn-te-°m-W-v hn- i-cm-icn- 75 i-Xam-w- ko-‰p-Iƒ- ¬-Ip-∂X.v - - - - - ]mcau≠v Fb¿thbvkv sIm®nbn¬n∂v ]qbnte°v {]XnZn k¿hokv Bcw`n®p C ¥y-bn-se- B-Zy-sØ- {]o-an-bw- F-b¿-sse- - bn-epw- B-h¿-Øn-°m≥- sIm-®n-bn¬-n-∂v- A- Ip-∂Xn--v www.p-ar-amoun-ta-irw-ay-s.-com- F-∂- sh-_-v - m-b- ]m-cau-≠-v F-b¿-th-bk-v sIm-®n-bn¬-n-∂-v - -v I-gn-bp-sa-∂- hn-izm-k-ap- l-Ω-Zm-_m-Zn-te-bv-°pw- ssk-‰n¬- Hm-¨sse-m-bn- c-Pn-ÿ- sN-ømw.- - ]q--bn-te-bv-°v- sN-ss∂- h-gn- {]-Xn-Zn-- hn-am-- s≠-∂v- A-t±-lw- ]-d- tKm-h-bn-te-bv-°pw- sN- ]m-cau-≠-v _p-´o-°-v F-∂- t]-cn¬- hn-]Wn-hn- - - k¿-ho-k-v B-cw-`n-®p.- 5.-20˛--v sIm-®n-bn¬-n-∂-v B- ™p.- ss∂- h-gn- ]m-c-au-≠v- ]p- e-tb-°m-fpw- Ip-d™- n-c°n-ep-≈- C≥-˛^ssf- - - - v- cw-`n-®- B-Zy- hn-am-w- cm-{Xn- 10.-10˛--v ]q-bn¬- em≥- - B-Uw-_c]q¿-Wam- - - - Xn-b- {]-Xn-Zn-- k¿-ho-kp- ‰v- tjm-∏nw-Kv- ku-Icy-ap-≠v.- bm-{X-°m¿-°v- sS-en- - Uv- sN-bXp.- _n-kn-k-v F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-hp-Iƒ-°pw- -v - -v b- C-cn-∏n-S-ß-fpw- B-h- Iƒ- B-cw-`n-®n-cp-∂p.- ]m-c- hn-jp-Ifpw- d-{^n-Ptd-‰dp-Ifpw- k-Ωm-am-bn- e- - - - - - - hym-]m-cn-Iƒ-°pw- kw-cw-`I¿-°pw- hn-tm-Zk©m- - - - iy-Øn--v se-K-v kvt]-kpw- - au-≠-v tdm-bse- F-∂- t]- - `n-°p-∂Xn--v e-°n- Un-]-v kv{Im-®-v Im¿-Up-Iƒ- ]p- - - cn-Iƒ-°pw- G-sd- ku-I-cy-{]-Z-am-Ipw- ]p-Xn-b- hn- an-I®- `-£Whp-sa-√m-am- - - - cn¬- {^o-Iz-‚ v- ^vssf-b¿- - Xn-bXm-bn- A-hXcn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p.- sh-_ssk-‰n¬-n- - - - -v am-k¿-ho-k.v - - bn- B-I¿-jIam-b- ku- - - ]-≤Xn-°v- ]m-cau-≠v- Xp-S- - - ∂v- ko-‰pw- sa-p-hpw- a-‰v- kv-s]-j¬- ku-I-cy-ß- hn-Ik]cn-]m-Sn-bp-sS- `m-Kam-bm-Wv- ]p-Xn-b- - - - - - I-cy-ß-fp-am-bn-´m-Wv- C-˛- °-an-´n-cp-∂p.- tKmƒ-^-v saw- fpw- sX-cs™-Sp-°p-∂Xn--v I-gn-bpw.- A-Xs√-¶n¬- - - - Xm-bn- sIm-®n-˛]q-- sk-ISdn¬- k¿-ho-k-v Xp-Sßp- - -v - - sP-‰-v {_m≥-U-v ]m-cau-≠-v - _¿-jn-]v,- kv]m- ku-Icy- - - {Sm-h¬- G-P‚ n-s- k-ao-]n-°p-I.- - ∂-sX-∂-v ]m-cau-≠-v F-b¿-th-bk-v am-t-Pnw-K-v U- - -v F-b¿-th-bkv- H-cp-°p-∂Xv.- Z-£n-tW-¥y≥- ta-J- ߃,- {]-ap-J- kmw-kIm-cn-I- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- F-∂n- v- - v- Sn-°‰v- _p-°nw-Kn-m-bn- 24 a-Wn-°q-dpw- {]-h¿- - b-dIS¿- Xym-Kcm-P≥- ]-d™p.- Z-£n-tW-¥y≥- hn- - -v - - e-bn¬- 26 i-Xam-w- hn-]Wn-hn-ln-Xw- t-Sm≥- ]m- h-b°m-bn- ]m-cau-≠-v tdm-bse- Aw-K߃-°-v £- - - -v - - - Øn-°p-∂- tImƒ- sk-‚-dp-≠v.- -º¿- :- 044 4343 ]-Wn-bn¬- t-Sn-b- hn-P-bw- ]-Sn-™m-d≥- ta-J-e- c-au-≠-v F-b¿-th-bkn-p- I-gn-™p.- -v Ww- e-`n-°pw.- ]m-cau-≠v- tdm-bse-bn¬- Aw-Kam- - - - 4444,- tSmƒ- {^o- -º¿- :- 1800 180 1234.-
    • 12 hm-l-w- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 Hm-Un- B¿-˛-8 kq-∏¿- Im¿- Hm-Un- C-¥y-bv-°v- C-¥y≥- hn-]-Wn-bn¬- H-Iv-tSm-_-dn¬- P ¿-a≥- B-Uw-_c- Im¿- - n¿-am-Xm-°fm-b- Hm-Un-bp-sS- an- Uv- F≥-Pn≥- kq-∏¿- kvt]m¿-Sk-v Im¿- B¿-˛8 C-¥y≥- hn-]Wn-bn- - - - - -v 312%- hn¬-]-- se-Øn.- H-cp- tIm-Sn- 17 e-£w- cq- ]-bm-W-v B¿-˛8s‚- yq-U¬-ln- bn-se- F-Ik-v tjm-dqw- hn-e.- -v D-]-tbm-‡m-°-fp-sS- B- - h-f¿-®- th-i]q¿-Wam-b- {]-Xn-IcWw- - - - - P ¿-a≥- e-£z-dn- Im¿- n¿-am-Xm-°-fm-b- Hm-Un-°v- C- ¥y-bn¬- h≥- hn¬-]-- h-f¿-®.- 2008 H-Iv-tSm-_-dn¬- ap≥- I-W-°n-se-Sp-Øm-Wv- Hm-Un- h¿-j-sØ- A-t]-£n-®v- 312%- h-f¿-®-bm-Wv- hn¬-]--bn¬- B¿-˛8 C-¥y-bn¬- A-hXcn-∏n- - - - I-ºn- ssI-hcn-®X.v - - - - ®-X.v - Hm-Un-sb- kw-_‘n-®-v h- - P-p-hcn-˛HItSm-_¿- Im-ebfhn¬- sam-Øw- 884 Im-dp- - - - v- - - - f-sc- {]-[m--s∏-´- hn-]-Wn-bm- I-fm-Wv- I-ºn- C-¥y-bn¬- hn-‰Xv.- ap≥- h¿-jw- C-tX- Im-e- - - Wv- C-¥y.- cm-Py-Øv- Iq-Sp-X¬- b-fhn¬- hn¬-]- 292 Im-dp-Iƒ- am-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p.- - - -K-c-ß-fn-te-°v- Uo-e¿-jn-∏v- Xp-S¿-®bm-bn- F-√m-am-khpw- an-I®- hn¬-]- t-´w- ssI- - - - - irw-Je- hym-]n-∏n-°m-p-≈- {i- - h-cn-°m≥- km-[n-®n-´p-s≠-∂pw- C-¥y-bn¬- Iq-Sp-X¬- ap-t∂- a-Øn-em-sW-∂v- Hm-Un- C-¥y- ‰-Øn--v X-øm-sd-Sp-°p-Ibm-sW-∂pw- Hm-Un- C-¥y- am-t-Pnw- - am-t-Pnw-K-v U-bdIS¿- s_-tm- - - -v Kv- U-bdIS¿- s_-tm-b‰v- S-tb-gkv- ]-d™p.- - - v- v- v- - bv‰v- S-tb-gkv- ]-d™p.- - v- - Pn-m-Wv- Cu- tam-U-en-v.- a-Wn- am-z¬- 6˛-kv-]o-Uv- {Sm≥-an- 8 Iyq-˛-7,- Sn-Sn- tam-U-ep-Iƒ- C- sIm-®n-bS°w- 12 Uo-e¿-jn-∏p-Ifm-W-v I-ºn-°-v C-¥y- - - - - km-t¶-Xn-IØn-Ihpw- an-I- - - °q-dn¬- 301 In-tem-ao-‰¿- th-KX- - j≥- A-s√-¶n¬- 6˛-k]o-U-v B¿- -v t∏mƒ- n-ehn¬- C-¥y-bn¬- e- - bn¬- D-≈Xv.- Hm-Un-bp-sS- {]-ikvXam-b- kvt]m¿-Svkv- Im¿- - - - - - - ®- {]-I-S--hpw- ap-J-ap-{Z-bm-b- h-sc- ssI-hcn-°m≥- I-gn-bpw.- 0˛- - tSm-Wn-I-v Hm-]jp-Ifn-se-Øp-∂- -v - - `y-am-Wv.- B¿-˛-8 Dw- C-X-c- Hm- Hm-Un- B¿- 8 -hw-_dn- ¬- C-¥y≥- hn-]Wn-bn-se-Øn-°p- - - B¿-˛8 G-‰hpw- Un-am-‚p-≈- kv- - - Øn¬- n-∂v- 100 In-an- th-KXbn- - - B¿-˛8v- A-ep-an-n-bw- kvt]-kv- - - Un- tam-Uep-Ifpw- sIm-®n- A- - - ∂-Xn-p- ap-tº-Xs∂- 2008˛-te-°p-≈- ap-gp-h≥- Im-dp-Ifpw- _p- - - t]m¿-Sk-v Im-dp-Ifn-sem-∂m-W.v - -v - se-Øm≥- B¿-˛8v- th-≠X-v tI- - - s{^-bnw- t_m-Un-bm-Wp-≈Xv.- - S-°w- cm-Py-sØ- 12 Uo-e¿-jn- °p-sN-øs∏-´p-Ign-™n-cp-∂p.- - - 4163 kn-kn- ti-jn-bp-≈- F≥- h-ew- 4.-6 sk-°‚ v- am-{Xw.- - Hm-Un-bp-sS- F-˛4,- F-˛6,- F-˛- - - ∏p-Iƒ- h-gn- e-`y-am-W.v - lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m-gv-kv-: k¿-°m¿- Po-h--°m¿-°p-≈- kv-Iow- o-´n- k ¿-°m¿- Po-h°m¿-°-v lyq-≠m-b-v Im-dp-Iƒ- hm-ßm≥- I- - - hym-P- kv-s]-b¿-]m¿-Sv-kp-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc- º-n- {]-Jym-]n-®- kvs]-j¬- Un-kIu-≠v- Hm-^¿- -hw-_¿- h-sc- - - - - - v- o-´n.- kvIo-an-v- e-`n-®- B-th-iIcam-b- kzo-IcWam-Wv- Hm-^¿- H- - cp- am-ktØ-°v- Iq-Sn- o-´m≥- {]-tNm-Zam-bXv.- Un-kvIu-≠v- kv- - - - - - - - {]-Nm-c-W-hp-am-bn- S-tbm-´- Io-an¬- H-IvtSm-_dn¬- am-{Xw- 3000 Im-dp-Ifm-Wv- hn-‰sX-∂v- lyq- - - - - S -tbm-´- In¿-tem-kv-°¿- tI-{µ-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv- {]-Nm-c- bp-sS- -bØn-s‚- `m-Kam-bm-Wv- - - ‘- D]tbm-KØn--v Im-cWam- - - - - - - ≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- C-¥y- ko-n-b¿- ssh-kv- {]-kn-U-‚ v- A-c-hn-µv- tam-t´m¿- D-]-tbm-‡m-°-fn¬- W-]cn-]m-Sn- kw-LSn-∏n-°p-∂X.v - - - - H-cp- am-kw- o-≠p- n-ev-°p-∂- Ip-Ibpw- sN-øp-sa-∂-v A-t±-lw- - km-Itk-- ]-d™p.- -v - hym-P- kv-s]-b¿-]m¿-Sv-kp-Iƒ- _m-dp-Iƒ,- t]m-Ãdp-Iƒ,- s{]m- - - hm¿-jn-I- {]-Nm-cW]cn-]m-Sn- kw- - - - Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- Iq-Sm-sX- s]-s´-∂p- tÃ-‰-v _m-¶-v Hm-^-v C-¥y,- B-Ikn-k-v _m-¶,v - F-®Un-F^kn- -v -v - -v s°-Xn-tc- A-h-t_m-[-ap-≠m- U-ISv- eo-^se-‰p-Iƒ,- _m-UPp- v- v- v- L-Sn-∏n-°p-∂sX-∂-v S-tbm-´- In¿- - ≈- t{_-°Uu-Wp-Iƒ-°pw- kp- -v _m-¶v- F-∂n-hcp-am-bn- tN¿-∂v- ^n-m≥-kv- ku-Icy-hpw- k¿-°m¿- - - °p-∂Xn-m-bn- ]p-Xn-b- {]-Nm-c- - Iƒ,- Xp-S-ßn-bn-eq-sS- D-]-tbm- tem-k°¿- tam-t´m¿- I-Ãa¿- k¿- -v - c-£m-{]-i߃-°pw- Im-cWam- -v - - - Po-h°m¿-°m-bn- lyq-≠m-bv- G¿-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.- - - W-]cn-]m-Sn- B-cw-`n-®p.- quot;-tm- Sp- - ‡m-°sf- t_m-[hXvIcn-°pw.- - - - - - ho-kv- Un-hn-j≥- ko-n-b¿- P-- Ipw.- hm-lßfp-sS- B-bp-kv- - - - hn-hn-[- tam-U-ep-I-fn¬- k¿-°m¿- Po-h--°m¿-°v- {]-Jym-]n- Iu-≠¿-s^-b‰'--v F-∂- t]-cn-ep- -v Iq-Sm-sX- B-I¿-jIam-b- k-Ωm- - - d¬- am-t-P¿- sI.- Ip-tdm-Z- ]-d- Iq-´p-∂Xn-m-bp-≈- S-tbm-´bp-sS- - - ®n-´p-≈- Un-kIu-≠:v- - km≥-t{Sm- tm-¨- F-kn-˛17,-000 cq-],- km≥- v- - ≈- {]-Nm-cWw- -hw-_¿- 30 h- - -߃- t-Sm-pw- A-hkcap-≠.v -- - - ™p.- hym-P- kvs]-b¿-]m¿-Svkp- - - Kp-Wta-∑m- tk-hßsf-°p-dn- - - - - t{Sm- Pn-F¬,- Pn-F¬-Fkv˛22,-000 cq-],- sF- sS≥-˛10,-000 cq-],- sK- - -- - sc- Xp-Scpw.- C-¥y-bn-se-ºm-Sp- - Iq-Sp-X¬- kp-c£n-Xhpw- ku- - - I-fpw- a-‰pw- D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xn-eq- - - ®pw- b-Ym¿-∞- kvs]-b¿-]m¿-S-v - ‰v-kv- 1.-1 ˛- 22,-000 cq-],- sK-‰v-kv- 1.-3˛-27,-000 cq-],- B-Iv-k-‚ v- F-Iv-kn- ap-≈- 68 {Xo-F-kv- ˛- sk-bn¬,- I-cy-{]-Zhp-am-b- bm-{X-b°p-≈- A- - -v sS- hm-lßfp-sS- {]-h¿-Øw- - - - - kp-Isf-°p-dn-®pw- {]-Nm-cW]cn- - - - - Iyq-´o-hv˛12,-000 cq-],- sh¿-W- ( s]-t{Smƒ-&- Uo-k¬- )-˛31,-000 cq-]- -- - k¿-ho-kv,- kv-s]-b¿-]m¿-Sv-kv- h-kcsam-cp-°p-I- F-∂- S-tbm-´- - - X-In-Sw- a-dn-bp-Ibpw- Iq-Sp-X¬- C- - ]m-Sn-bn¬- Du-∂¬- -eIpw.- -v sIm-tdm-f- Aƒ-´n-kn-v- dn-°m¿-Uv- hn-ev-]-- Im¿- n¿-am-Xm-°ƒ- D-Xv-]m-Z-w- sIm- tdm-f- Aƒ-´n-kv- hn- cyw- I-≠v- A-kz-Zn-®-h¿- 70000 an-‰-Uv- am¿-°-‰n-Mv- hn-`m-Kw- sU- (F¬-)- Fw-/- Sn,- 1.-8 hn- (F¬-)- F- Ip-dbv°m-sm-cp-ßp-∂p- - - ev]bn¬- dn-°m¿-U-v t-´w- ssI- - - - t]¿- h-cpw.- 20000 A-tz-j-W- ]yq-´n- am-t-Pnw-Mv- U-b-d-Œ¿- k- /-Sn- F-∂n-hbm-Wh.- 8˛-th- ]-h¿- - - km ºØn-Iam-µy-sØ- Xp-S¿-∂v- hn-]Wn-bn¬- B-hiyw- Ip-d- - - - - - h-cn-®m-Xm-bn- sSm-tbm-´- In¿-tem- ߃- X-s∂- B- am-kw- F-Øn.- µo-]v- kn-Mv- ]-d™p.- C-‚¿-s-‰v- - ss{U-th-gv-kv- ko-‰v,- F-®v.- Un.- ™-Xn-m¬- Im¿- n¿-am-Xm-°ƒ- D-X]m-Zw- Ip-db°m-sm-cp-ßp-∂p.- -v - - -v kvI¿- tam-t´m¿- en-an-‰Uv.- sk-]v- - - {]n-an-bw- sk-Um≥- hn-`m-KØn¬- - am¿-°‰n-Mv,- F-kv- Fw- F-kv- Im- - sl-Uv-emw-]v,- Hm-Un-tbm-I-¨- hm-Wn-Py- hm-lßfp-sS-bpw- C-cp-N{I-hm-lßfp-sS-bpw- D- - - - - - - - ‰w-_¿- A-©n-v- n-cØn-en-d°n- - - H-∂mw- ÿm-w- C-tXm-sS- sIm- sº-bn≥,- tjm-∏p-I-fn-se- {]-Z¿- t{Smƒ,- Fw- Un- kzn-®v- F-∂n-h- Xv]m-Zw- Ip-d®Xn-p- ]n-∂m-se-bm-W-v Im¿- n¿-am-Xm-°ƒ- D-X]m-Z- - - - - -v b- Im¿- B-Zy-am-kw- X-s∂- 2500 tdm-f- Aƒ-´n-k-v kz-¥am-°n-bn-cn- - i-w- Xp-Sßn-b- am¿-Kßsf-√mw- - - - tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b- kv‰o-bdnw-M-v ho¬,- - - w- Ip-db°p-∂X.v - D-b¿-∂- ]-en-i- n-c°p-Ifpw- hm-b]Iƒ- e-`n-°p- - -v - - - -v - F-Æw- hn-‰p.- 2000 Im-dp-I-fm-Wv- °p-Ibm-sW-∂-v I-ºn- A-hIm- - - - hn-]-W--Øn-m-bn- {]-tbm-P-- H-]v-‰n-t{Sm-¨- ao-‰¿- F-∂n-h-sb- ∂-Xn-p-≈- _p-≤n-ap-´p-Ifp-am-W-v Im¿- D-]tbm-‡m-°sf- ]n-¥n-cn-∏n- - - - I-ºn- sk-]‰w-ºdn¬- e-£y-an- - -v - i-s∏-´p.- s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v- A-t±- √mw- Aƒ-´n-kn-s‚- {]-tXy-IXbm-- - °p-∂X.v - - ´n-cp-∂X.v - - Aƒ-´n-kn-s‚- hn-P-b-Øn-v- lw- ]-d™p.-- Wv.- ap≥-tam-Uen-s- A-t]-£n- - {]-ap-J- Im¿- n¿-am-Xm-°fm-b- am-cp-Xn- kp-kp-°n- 5˛-8 i-Xam-w- - - ]p-dØn-d°n-b- am-kw- X-s∂- - - ]n-∂n¬- G-tIm-]n-Xam-b- hn-]W- - - aq-∂v- tam-U-ep-I-fn-em-Wv- ®v- G-gv- ]n.- F-kv.- D-b¿-Øn- 132 h-sc-bm-W-v -hw-_dn-epw- Un-kw-_dn-epw- D-X]m-Zw- Ip-db°m-sm- - - -v - - -v sIm-tdm-fbp-sS- ]-Ømw- X-eap-d- - - -X-{¥w- X-s∂-bm-sW-∂v- sSm- sIm-tdm-f- Aƒ-´n-k-v ]p-dØn-d°n- - - ]n.-F-kv.- I-cp-Øp- Aƒ-´n-kn-p- cp-ßp-∂X.v - a-‰-v {]-ap-J- I-ºn-Iƒ- H-ItSm-_dn¬- Nn-e- {]-tXy-I- tam- - - -v - °m-cm-b- Aƒ-´n-kn-s‚- ku-µ- - tbm-´- In¿-tem-kI¿- tam-t´m¿- en- -v bn-´p-≈Xv.- 1.-8 Pn- Fw-/- Sn,- 1.-8 Pn- - ≠v.- U-ep-Ifp-sS- D-X]m-Zw- 20˛-24 i-Xam-w- h-sc- Ip-d®p.- - v- - - - n-b-aw- bm-{X- sN-øp-∂- F-√m-h¿-°pw- ]-cn-c-£- D-d-∏m-°-W-sa-∂v- tI-c-f- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- hm lßfn¬- bm-{X- sN-øp-∂- F-√m-h¿- - - - - ]n≥-ko-‰v- bm-{X-°m¿-°pw- C-tX- ]-cn-c-£- D-d- f- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v- X-≈n.- Øp-S¿-∂v- B-[n-Im-cn-I-am-b- tc-J-Iƒ-k-ln- °pw- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- ]-cn-c£- D-d∏m-°Wsa-∂v- - - - - ∏m-t°-≠-Xp-s≠-∂v- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v- Nq-≠n- t]m-eo-kv- A-tkm-kn-tb-j-s‚- cm-jv-{So-b- Xw- C-tX- hn-j-b-Øn¬- ho-≠pw- l¿-Pn- ¬- tI-cf- ssl-t°m-SXn- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v.- C-Xn- - - °m-´n.- km-aq-ln-I- kp-c-£-bm-Wv- C≥-jz-d≥- Nm-bh-v A-tz-jn-°p-I,- t]m-eo-kp-Im¿-°-v t£- -v Im≥- X-S-k-an-s√-∂v- hy-‡-am-°n-bm-Wv- Un- p-th-≠n- n-ehn-ep-≈- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v n-ba߃- - - - kn-s‚- e-£y-sa-∂-Xn-m¬- ]n≥-ko-‰v- bm-{Xn- a- ku-I-cy-߃- ¬-Im≥- k¿-°m-cn-p- n¿- hn-j≥- _-©v- l¿-Pn- X-≈n-b-Xv.- ]-cn-j°cn-°p-∂- Im-cy-Øn¬- c-≠p- am-kØn- v- - - I¿-°v- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- I-º-n-I-fp-sS- hn-th-N-- tZ-iw- ¬-Ip-I- Xp-S-ßn-b- B-h-iy-߃- Iq-Sn- k-_kn-Un- n-tj-[n-® D-Øch-v d-±m-°n- -v -- -Iw- dn-t∏m¿-´-v -eIm-pw- D-Øchn-´p.- -v - - {]-Im-cw- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- -ev-Ip-∂- A-h-ÿ- D-∂bn-®p-sIm-≠v- tIm-´bw- A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥- - - {]-kn-≤o-IcW- ÿm-]Øn-s‚- D-Saÿ- - - - - - - am-‰n,- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- kw-c-£-Ww- In-´p-∂- km- Hm-^v- tkm-jy¬- ssd-‰v-kv- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pn- hy-h-km-b- ÿm-]--߃- B-[p-n-I-h- X-bn-ep-≈- tam-t´m¿- ssk-°nƒ- Hm-Sn-°p-tºmƒ- l-N-cyw- n¿-_-‘-am-°-Ww.- kz-Im-cy- hm-l- bm-Wv- No-^v- P-Ãn-kv- F-®v.-F¬.- Z-Øp,- P-Ãn- Xv°cn-°p-∂Xn-v- F-Sp-°p-∂- hm-b]bp-sS- 12 - - - v- - D-≠m-b- A-]-I-S-Øn¬- ]-cn-t°-‰- Po-h--°m- i-X-am-w- k¿-°m¿- k-_v-kn-Un-bm-bn- -ev- c-v- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- A-p-h-Zn-®- hm-l-m-]- Ip-∂-Xv- ap≥-Im-e- {]m-_-ey-tØm-sS- n-tj- I-S- ss{S-_yq-W-en-s‚- hn-[n-s°-Xn-tc- tem- t]m-bn‚v- I-cn-°w-]≈n¬- - [n-®- hy-h-km-b- h-Ip-∏v- U-b-d-Iv-S-dp-sS- D-Ø- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- I-º-n- k-a¿-∏n-®- A-∏o¬- c-hv- tI-c-f- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- d-±m-°n.- ]-cn-KWn-°th-bm-Wp- t]m-cm-baIƒ- P-Ãn-kv- - - v- - -ß-fn¬- bm-{X- sN-øp-∂-h¿-°pw- C-tX- co-Xn-kv- F.-sI- _-jo¿- F-∂n-hcpƒ-s∏-´- Un-hn-j≥- - tIm-Sm-S-v B-em-´p-Nn-d- ta-°m-am-en¬- t]m- - kn.-F≥.-cm-aN{µ≥- m-b¿,- P-Ãn-kv- lm-cp-¨- - - bn¬- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- kw-c£Ww- D-d∏p-hcp-Ø- - - - - _-©v- X-≈n-b-Xv.- fn-ta-gvkv- am-t-Pnw-Kv- U-bdIvS¿- A-_n-k¨- - - - - - A¬- d-jo-Zv- F-∂n-h-c-S-ßp-∂- Un-hn-j≥- _- Ww.- k-ºq¿-W- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- D-s≠-¶n¬- t]m- k¿-°m¿- Po-h--°m¿-°p-≈- s]-cp-am-‰-N- h¿-Ko-kv- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pn-bn-em-Wv- P-Ãn-kv- ©v- Nq-≠n-°m-´n-b-Xv.- tI-{µ- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- h- epw- ss{U-h¿-°v- am-{X-ta- C-t∏mƒ- kw-c-£- ´-߃-{]-Im-cw- t]m-eo-kv- tk-mw-K߃-°v- cm- - hn.- Kn-cn-bp-sS- hn-[n.- Ip-∏v- sk-{I-´-dn-°pw- K-Xm-K-X- h-Ip-∏v- sk-{I- W-ap-≈q.- D-SaIƒ-°v- t]m-epw- A-]ISw- D-≠m- - - - - jv{So-b- A-^n-en-tb-j≥- A-p-hZo-bas√-∂m- - - - - - 2008 P-p-h-cn- aq-∂n-p- ]p-d-s∏-Sp-hn-®- D- ´-dn-°p-am-Wv- n¿-tZ-iw.- bm¬- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- e-`n-°n-√.- m-Wy-s∏- bn-cp-∂p- l¿-Pn-bn-se- {]-[m-hm-Zw.- t]m-eo-kp- - Ø-c-hv- {]-Im-cw- l¿-Pn-`m-Kw- ÿm-]--Øn-v- N-c-°p- hm-l--ß-fn¬- bm-{X- sN-øp-∂- cp-∏w- ]-cn-KWn-®v- -jvS]cn-lm-c- kw-Jy-bp-sS- - - - - Im-cp-sS- cm-j{So-b- Nm-bh-v kz-X{¥-hpw- n-j]- -v -v - -v e-`n-t°-≠- k-_v-kn-Un-bm-Wv- hy-h-km-b-h- I¿-jI- sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ-°pw- I-b‰n-d°v- sXm- - - - tXm-Xpw- D-b¿-tØ-≠Xp-s≠-∂p- Un-hn-j≥- _- - £-hp-am-b- {]-h¿-ØØn-v- X-Skw- kr-jvSn- - - - - Ip-∏v- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- n-tj-[n-®-Xv.- _m-¶v- hm-bv- gn-em-fn-Iƒ-°pw- a-‰pw- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- ]-cn-c-£- ©v- F-Sp-Øp-Im-´n.- °p-∂Xm-sW-∂v- l¿-Pn- `m-Kw- t_m-[n-∏n-®p.- - ]-bp-sS- A-h-km-- K-Up- In-´p-∂-Xn-ep-≠m-b- -evIp-∂- Im-cyw- ]-cn-KWn-°Wsa-∂p- tIm-S- - - - - th-≠-{X- sX-fn-hp-I-fn-√m-sX- l¿-Pn-bn¬- Im-eXm-akw-aq-ew- l¿-Pn- ÿm-]w- k-_-v - - - Xn- t-c-sØ- tI-{µ- k¿-°m-cn-v- t]m-eo-kv- kw-LS:- - l¿-Pn- X-≈n- -- D-∂bn-®- Im-cy-Øn¬- C-Ss]-Sm-m-In-s√-∂p- hy- - - kn-Un-°v- A-t]-£n-®t∏mƒ- 2007 G-{]n¬- H- - n¿-tZ-iw- -evIn-bn-cp-∂p.- tam-t´m¿- ssk- - ∂p- ap-X¬- kvIow- ]n≥-hen-°s∏-´n-cp-∂p.- C- - - - t]m-eo-kn¬- kw-L-S-m- {]-h¿-Ø-w- n- ‡-am-°n-btXm-sS- l¿-Pn- ]≥-hen-°m≥- l¿- - - Xn-s-Xn-tc-bm-bn-cp-∂p- tIm-SXn-sb- k-ao-]n-®X.v - - - °n-fp-Iƒ- Hm-Sn-°p-∂- D-S-a-I-f-√m-Ø-h¿-°pw- tcm-[n-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´p-≈- l¿-Pn- tI-c- Pn-`m-Kw- A-p-a-Xn- tX-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- C-tX-
    • km-t¶-Xn-Iw- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 13 ssk_¿- Ip-‰Ir-Xy-ßfn¬-n-∂v- Ip-´n-Isf ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-°m≥ ssk _¿- Ip-‰Ir-Xy-ßfn¬-n-∂p- Ip-´n- {]thin-°m≥- km-[y-Xbp-≠v.- CØcw- km- Isf Fßs ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-°m-sa∂v- Btem- lcy-sØ XSbm-p-≈ {]tXy-IXcw- tkm-^-v Nn-®p- Xe]p-Ibv°p-∂ am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ-°pw- - ‰vshbdp-Isf°p-dn-®-v ssk‰v- hn-hcn-°p-∂p.- am- - A[ym-]I¿-°pw- Cn- Hcp- au-k-v ¢n-°n-eq-sS {Xa√,- C˛sabn¬- `o-jWn,- ho-Un-tbm- thm-b-v ]cn-lm-cw- e`n-°pw.- kv- Nm-‰nw-Kn-eq-sSbp-≈ ieyw- sNø¬- XpSßn- www.indianchild.com F∂ sh_v - b ssk_¿Ip-‰ßƒ-s°Xn-sc ]cm-Xn- ka¿- ssk‰n-em-Wv- C‚¿-s‰n-s‚ kp-c£n-Xam-b ∏n-t°≠ co-Xn-Isf°p-dn-®pw- ssk‰n-ep-≠.v - D]tbm-KsØ°pdn-®v- hn-iZam-bn- {]Xn-]m-Zn- C‚¿-s‰v- kp-c£bv°p- ]p-dsa _m-ekm- - °p-∂Xv.- sNdp-{]m-bØn¬- n-jIf¶Xbpw- v- ln-Xyw-,- gvkdn- ]m-´p-Iƒ,- sNdp-IYIƒ,- ]m- - NI°p- d n- ∏ p- I ƒ,- Xam- i Iƒ,- tNm- t Zym- Øc߃- Xp-Sßn-b hn-`m-Kßfp-w- sh_v- sS-Iv- yq- ssk‰n-ep-≠v.- am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ-°pw- A[ym- ]I¿-°pw- n¿-tZi߃- ¬Ip-∂ C¥y- B‚Wn- sjen≥ ssN¬-Uv- tUm-´v- tImw- Ip-´n-Ifp-sS tNm- Zy߃-°p-ap-∂n¬- A[ym-]Is‚ thjØn- ]hn-{XXbpw- jvSs∏Sp-Øm-sX ]p-Xp-Xeap- - epw- {]Xy-£s∏Sp-∂p.- dbv-°v- C‚¿-s‰n-sbpw- Iºyq-´dn-sbpw- o-eØn-anw-KeØn-s‚ hep-∏sa{X,- ]cn-Nbs∏Sp-Øp-Ibm-W-v sh_vssk‰v.- - thKØn¬- o-¥p-∂ a’y-taXv- Xp-Sßn-b Ip- C‚¿-s‰p-am-bn- _‘w- ]p-e¿-Øp-∂ Ip- ´n-Ifp-sS tNm-Zy-߃-°mWv- sh_vssk‰v- adp- - ´n- I ƒ- A«o- e sh_v - s sk‰p- I fnte°v - ]Sn- ¬-Ip-∂Xv.- C˛am-en-yw- hn- hc- km-t¶-XIhn-Zy- A-p-Zn-w- - - - h-fcp-tºmƒ- tem-IPXsb- B-i¶s∏- - - - - - - - th-bk‰.v - -v -v sF-Sn- D-]IcWßfm-b- I-ºyq-´dpw- a- - - - - - - F-kv- F-∂- t]-cn¬- n¿-tZ-i߃-°v- A- ¥n-acq-]w- ¬-In.- 2006 Pq-sse- H-∂p-ap-X¬- - - ‰v- C-eIt{Sm-Wn-Ikv- h-kXp- - v- v- v- -S∏n-em-°n.- - °-fpw- A-h- D-t]-£n-°p-∂p.- B¿-HF®Fkv- F-∂Xv- H-cp- n-baa- - - v- - - - - C-ßs-bp-≈- ]m-ghkXp-°- - -v - -v √.- F-∂m¬- B¿-HF®vFkv- n-b{¥-W- - - - - - sf-bm-Wv- C-˛th-bk‰v- F-∂v- - v- v- ߃- ]m-en-°p-∂- C-eIt{Sm-Wn-Ikv- D-]- - v- v- n¿-hNn-°p-∂X.v -- - I-cW߃- am-{X-ta- hn¬-°m-pw- hn-XcWw- - - - - sa¿-°p-dn,- se-Uv,- Im- sN-øm-pw- km-[n-°p-Ibp-≈q.- - Uvan-bw- Xp-Sßn-b- aq-eI߃- - - - - C-eIt{Sm-Wn-Ikv- D-]IcWßfp-sS- - v- v- - - - - - C-˛th-bvk‰n-ep-≠m-Ipw.- im- - - - n¿-am-WØn¬- Im-Uvao-bw,- se-Uv,- sa¿- - - kv-{Xo-b-am-bn- A-h- n¿-am¿- P-w- sN-bv-Xn-s√- °p-dn,- sl-Ikhm-e‚ -v t{Im-an-bw,- t]m-fn- -v - - t{_m- a n- {Ko≥- Iºyq-´nw-Kv- ¶n¬- am-hcm-in-°v- - - t- ‰ - U v- ] cn-kYn-Xn- ku-lm¿-±]cam-b ssPhhn-LSØn- -v am-cItcm-K߃- k- - - - ss_- v- hn-t[bam-Ip-∂ ]Zm¿-Yßfp-]tbm-Kn-®p-≈ Iºyq-´¿- Ωm-n-°m≥- I-gn-hp- s^-n¬,- n-¿-am-Whn-Zy-bm-Wv- {Ko≥- Iºyq-´nw-Kv.- BtKm-f Xm- ≈-hbm-W-v C-˛th-b-v - - t]m-fn- ]Øn--v Im-cWam-Ip-∂ lcn-XKr-l hm-XIßfp-sS ]p- kv‰.v -- t{_m-an-t-‰U-v Cu-X¿- Xp-Sßn-b- B-d-v am- - - d¥≈¬- ]cam-h[n- Ip-dbv°p-I F∂Xm-W-v {Ko≥- Iºyq- - C-eIt{Sm-Wn-I-v D-]IcW- - -v - - - c-I- hn-jhkvXp-°fp-sS- n-b{¥-Ww- D-d- - - - - - ´nw-K-v e£y-an-Sp-∂Xv.- ß-fp-sS- n¿-am-Wth-fbn¬- a- - - ∏p-hcp-Øp-Isb-∂Xm-W-v B¿-HF®Fk-v - - - - - -v - Iºyq-´¿- hym-]Iam-bn- D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂ thfbn¬- {Ko- en-o-I-c-W- tXm-Xv- Ip-d-bv- sIm-≠-v D-t±-in-°p-∂X.v - - ≥- Iºyq-´nw-K-v F∂ Bibw- h≥- {]Nm-cw- tSn-°gn-™p.- °m≥- 1998˛¬- bq-tdm-]y≥- bq- cm-Py-kp-c£,- ssk-n-Im-hiy-߃- - - Iºyq-´¿- hn¬-] cw-KsØ {]ap-J Iºn-Ifm-b Wn-b≥- Aw-Kcm-Py-߃-°n-S- - F-∂n-hb°p-th-≠n- n¿-an-°p-∂- D-]Ic- - v- - - setm-h,- Fbvk¿,- C‚¬,- sF_n-Fw-,- B∏nƒ Xp-Sßn- - Sp-Øp-∂- X-cØn¬- h¿-[n-®p-hcn-Ibm-Wv- - - - bn¬- Nn-e- n¿-tZ-i߃- ap-t∂m-´p-h®p.- Xp- - - W-ßsf- B¿-HF®Fkn-s‚- ]-cn-[n-bn¬- - - - -v - bh¿- {Ko≥- Iºyq-´nw-Kv- am-Xr-Ibm-Wv- n¿-am-W {]{In- quot;-C˛am-en-yw-'- A-Yhm- C-eIt{Sm-Wn-Ikv- -- - - v- v- S¿-∂v- 2003 s^-{_p-h-cn-bn¬- B¿-H-F-®v- n-∂p- H-gn-hm-°n-bn-´p-≠v.- bbn¬- ]n-¥p-Scp-∂Xv.- I-º-n- Syq_-v C≥-sh-Ãsa-‚ n-v - -v - ]nc-anUv kmbvandbv-°v- 90.-36 tIm-Sn- cq-]- 75 iXamw hf¿® A¿-[hm¿-jnI- em-`w- Syq- - - _v- C≥-sh-Ãv-sa-‚ v- ]nc-anUv kmbvand Xntb‰¿ en-an-‰Uv S∏p kmº-ØnI Hm-^-v C-¥y- sk-]‰w-_¿- 30˛v- -v h¿jsØ c≠mw ]mZ-Øn¬ 252.25 tImSn cq]-bpsS hn‰p-hchv - A- h - k m- n- ® - A¿- [ - h ¿- j - tSn. 144.16 tImSn cq]-bm-bn-cp∂p Ign™ h¿jw CtX Ime-b- Øn¬- 90.-36 tIm-Sn- cq-]- em-`w- f-hnse hn‰p-h-chv. 75 iX-amw h¿≤-. BZy Bdp-am-ksØ t-Sn.- 1173.-92 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- hn‰p-hchn-ep-≠mb h-f¿® 88 iX-am-am-Wv. ap≥h¿jw 266.89 - - - - hn-‰p-h-c-hm-Wv- Cu- Im-e-b-f- tIm-Sn-bm-bn-cp∂p hn‰p-hcsh-¶n¬ CØ-hW CXv 502.39 tImSn - - hn¬- I-ºn- ssI-hcn-®Xv.- - - - cq]-bmbn IpXn-®p-b¿∂p. c-≠mw- ]m-Z-Øn¬- am-{Xw- ]t£ A‰m-Zm-bØn¬ Ipdhv Ap-`hs∏´p. Ign™ c≠mw - - - 54.-58 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-Wv- I-ºn- - - ]mZ-Ønse A‰m-Zm-bw 15.11 tImSn cq]-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Cu h¿jw CXv 8.7 tImSn cq]-bm-W.v S∏p h¿jsØ BZy Bdp-am- bp-sS- {]-h¿-Øem-`w.- 635.-76 - - ksØ A‰m-Zmbw 22.2 tImSn cq]-bm-W.v Ign™ h¿jw CtX tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-Wv- c-≠mw- ]m-Z- Ime-b-f-hn¬ 31.12 tImSn cq]-bm-bn-cp-∂p A‰m-Zm-bw. hnhn[ Øn¬- I-ºn-bp-sS- hn-‰p-hch.v - - - - hkvXp-°fpsS hne-°b‰w ImcWw sNehv h¿[n-®XmWv em`w - - - ap≥-h¿-jw- C-Xv- 424.-64 tIm-Sn- cq-]- am-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p.- G‰hpw thK-Øn¬ hf-cp∂ CS-Øcw n¿ΩmW Iº-n-°p≈ Bdm-aXv hm¿jnI Ipd-bm≥ Imc-Wsa∂v ]nc-anUv kmbvand {Kq∏v sNb¿ampw amt- - I¨kv{S-Ivj≥ thƒUv Ahm¿Uv 2008, am¿Kv FIvknIyq´ohv Ub-d-IvS¿ (]-›m- Pnßvv Ub-dISdp-amb ]n.F-k.v kman-m-Y≥ ]d-™p. c≠p h¿j- - v- sN-e-hv- n-b-{¥n-°p-∂-Xn- epw,- sa-®s∏-´- D-]tbm-‡r- kw- - - Øe hnI-k-w) _n.-Pn.-ta-tm≥ apw-ss_-bn¬ tN¿∂ NS-ßn¬ G‰p-hm-ßp-∂p. ambn hnI-k cwKØv IpXn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂ {Kq∏v Cn t´- ߃ Ac-s°-´p-d-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-emWv {i≤n-°p-∂-Xv. jvS-Øn- Xr-]Xn- n-ehm-cw- ]p-e¿-Øp-∂- -v - temSp∂ 57 kv{Iop-Iƒ S∏p h¿jw Dt]-£n-°p-Ibp-≠m-bn. - Xn-epw- Im-Wn-®- {i-≤bm-Wv- I- - cmPyØn-IØv Ct∏mƒ Iº-n°v 745 kv{Iop-Ifm-Wp-≈Xv. atejy, ssN, knwK-∏q¿, hSt° Ata-cn° F∂n-hn-Sßfnepw - - - - º-n-bp-sS- Cu- an-I®- {]-IS- Øn--v B-[m-cw.- am-t-Pnw-K-v U- - - - am¿Knv I¨kv{S-Ivj≥ thƒUv Ahm¿Uv ]nc-anUv kmbvandbv°v knnam ime-Ifp≠v. S-∏p-h¿jw ate- b-dIS¿- cmw-Ip-am¿- ]-d™p.- - -v - an I®- h-f¿-®- ssI-hcn-®p- - - - Xp-d-ap-J-߃,- I-b-‰p-a-Xn- Kv- U-bdISdp-am-b- Pn.-B¿.-sI.- - - -v - jybnepw, ssN-bn-epw bYm-{Iaw aq∂pw c≠pw kv{Io-p-ItfmSp - Sn-sF- ssk-°nƒ-k,v - Syq-_-v sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- C-SØcw- n¿- - - kw-k°cW- ta-JeIƒ,- sF.- v- - - - - sd-Õn- ]-d-™p.- ]p-Xn-b- {]-tZ- IqSnb aƒSnsπIvkp-Iƒ Bcw-`n-°p-Ibp-≠m-bn. - s{]m-U-Iv-‰v-kv,- Sn-sF- sa-‰¬- Ωm-W- I-ºn-°p-≈- B-dm-aXv- - - Sn- ]m¿-°p-Iƒ,- am-fp-Iƒ,- `-h- - i-߃- sX-c™Sp-Ø-v hn-Ikn- - - - Xotb-‰¿ S-Øn-∏np ]p-dsa knnam n¿Ωm-Ww, hnX-cWw, - t^m-anw-Kv- F- ∂o- I-ºn-Ifm- - - I-¨k{-v S-Ij≥- thƒ-U-v A-hm¿- - -v ]-≤-Xn-Iƒ- F-∂n-h- ]-Wn-Xp- ∏n-°p-∂Xn¬- {i-≤n-°p-∂- am¿- - sKbn-an-ß,v Bn-ta-j≥, Snhn, tdUntbm ]cn-]m-Sn-IfpsS n¿Ωm- - Wv- Syq-_v- C≥-sh-Ãv-sa-‚ v- Hm- Uv- am¿-K-v en-an-‰Un--v e-`n-®p.- apw- - sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- am¿-K-v cm-Py-Øn- Kv,- C-t∏mƒ- ]p-Xn-b- sN-ss∂- Ww, tlm´¬, dnb¬ FtÉv XpS-ßnb taJ-eIfnepw ]nc-anUv - - ^v- C-¥y-b°-v Io-gn-ep-≈X.v - sN- -v - ss_-bn¬- tN¿-∂- N-S-ßn¬- s‚- A-Sn-ÿm-- ku-Icy- hn-I- - ta-Jebp-tS-bpw- Im-cb°en-t‚- - - - -v - kmbvandbv°v km∂n[yap≠v. ]Xn-s´p amk-Øn-Iw Z£n- ss∂- B-ÿm-am-b- ap-cp-K∏- - - am¿-Kv- F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-hv- U-bdIv- v- - - k-- ta-Jebn¬- an-I®- kw-`m- - - - bpw- k-a-{K-hn-I-k--Øn-m-bn- tW¥ybnse 250 Xotb-‰dp-Iƒ 200 tImSn cq] apS°n ho-Icn- - - {Kq-∏v- I-ºn-bm-Wv- Syq-_v- C≥- - S¿- (C≥-{^m-k{S-IN¿-)- _n.-Pn.- -v -v h-bm-W-v ¬-In- h-cp-∂sX-∂-v - - n-ch[n- ]-≤Xn-Iƒ- -S∏m-°n- - - - - °m≥ ]nc-anUv kmbvand ]≤Xn Xøm-dm-°n-bn-´p-≠v. sh-Ãvsa-‚ v- Hm-^v- C-¥y.- - ta-tm≥- A-hm¿-U-v G-‰p-hm-ßn.- I-ºn- sN-b¿-am-pw- am-t-Pnw- - h-cn-Ibm-W.v - -
    • 14 tjm-∏nw-Kv- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 dn-e-b≥-kv- s{S≥-Uv-kv,- ssSw-Hu-´v,- ^p-´v-{]n-‚ v- sIm-®n-bn¬- t{Im-kv-td-m-Uv- yq-kv- b≥-kv- do-s´-bv¬- hn-`m-Kam-Wv- dn-eb≥-kv- s{S≥-Uvkv.- ]p-cp-j∑m¿- - - - - S-ßn-bh- an-I®- hn-ebn¬- C-hn-sS- e-`y-am-Ipw.- Hm-tcm- am-khpw- Hm- - - - - °pw- kv{Xo-Iƒ-°pw- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°p-am-bp-≈- hn-`m-Kßfn¬- D-]tbm- - - - - tcm- F-gp-Øp-Im-sc-bpw- I-em-Im-c∑m-sc-bpw- D-X]∂ßsf-bpw- tI- - v- - - - dn-e-b≥-kv- do-s´-bv-en-s‚- dn-e-b≥-kv- s{S≥-Uv-kv,- dn-e-b≥-kv- ‡m-°-fp-sS- B-h-iy-Øn-v- A-p-k-cn-®v- an-I-®- hn-e-bn¬- hn-hn-[- {µo-Icn-®v- {]-tXy-I- n-c°p-Ifn¬- D-X]∂߃- e-`y-am-°pw.- F-gp- - - - v- - - ssSw-Hu-´v,- dn-e-b≥-kv- ^p-´v-{]n-‚ v- F-∂n-h- sIm-®n-bn-epw.- h-kv-{X- {_m≥-U-v D-X]∂߃- e-`y-am-°p-∂p.- -v - - Øp-Im-cp-am-bpw- -So-S∑m-cp-am-bpw- kw-hZn-°p-∂Xn-pw- in-e]im- - - - - -v - ߃,- B-Ikkdn-Iƒ- F-∂n-hbp-sS- kvs]-jm-en-‰n- tÃm-dm-W-v dn-e- -v - - - - G-‰hpw- B-[p-n-I- D-X]∂- - -v - e-Iƒ- -SØp-∂Xn-pw- A-hm¿-U-v - - b≥-kv- s{S≥-Ukv.- ]p-kXI߃,- ayq-kn-Iv,- tÃ-jdn- F-∂n-hbp- v- v- - - - - - ß-fm-b- F-h¿- ssh-‰-v j¿-´p-Iƒ,- Zm-NSßp-Ifpw- I-em-{]-ISß- - -- - -- - sS- kv-s]-jm-en-‰n- tÃm-dm-Wv- dn-e-b≥-kv- ssSw-Hu-´v-;- sN-cp-∏p-Iƒ,- B-‚ n- sÃ-bn≥- {Su-kdp-Iƒ,- dn- - fpw- a-’cßfpw- -SØp-∂Xn-p- - - - - - lm≥-U_m-Kp-Iƒ,- B-Ikkdn-Iƒ- F-∂n-hbp-sS- {]-tXy-I- ti-J- -v -v - - - ¶n¬- {^o- {Su-k-dp-Iƒ,- in-ip- ≈- th-Zn-bm-bpw- tÃm¿- D-]tbm- - c-sam-cp-°p-∂p- dn-eb≥-kv- ^p-´v{]n-‚ v.- sIm-®n-bn-se- B-Zy- am-fm-b- - - °ƒ-°m-bn- A-tcm-am-‰n-Iv- h-kv- K-s∏-Sp-Øpw.- ]p-kXI߃-°pw- -v - - H-_tdm-¨- am-fn-em-Wv- Cu- aq-∂p- tÃm-dp-Ifpw.- v- - {X-߃,- s]¿-t^m-am-Ivkv- n-c- - kw-Ko-XØn-pw- tÃ-jdn-°p-am- - - - an-I®- C-¥y≥- {_m≥-Up-Ifpw- A-¥m-cm-j{S- {_m≥-Up-Ifpw- e- - - -v - bn-ep-≈- kvt]m¿-Sksh-b¿- Xp- - -v -v bp-≈- tI-cfØn-se- G-‰hpw- h- - - - `y-am-Ip-∂- 28,-000 N-Xp-c{i-bSn- h-en-∏Øn-ep-≈- tjm-∏nw-K-v tI-{µ-am- - - - S-ßn-b-h- dn-e-b≥-kv- s{S≥-Uv- en-b- tÃm-dm-bn-cn-°pw- dn-eb≥-k-v - Wv- dn-eb≥-kv- s{S≥-Uvkv.- 21,-000 N-Xp-c{i-bSn-bn-em-Wv- dn-eb≥-kv- - - - - - kn¬- e-`y-am-Wv.- C-kXn-cn-bn-Sp- v- ssSw-Hu-´v.- ssSw-Hu-´v- H-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv.- sIm-®n-bn-se- G-‰hpw- h-en-b- ^p-´v- - - ∂-Xn-pw- A-e°p-∂Xn-pw- D-W- - - tZ-io-b,- A-¥m-cm-j{v- S- {]-km- sh-b¿- hn-e]tI-{µ-am-Wv- F-Æm-bn-cw- N-Xp-c{i-bSn-bn¬- X-bm-dm- v- - - - - °p-∂Xn-p-ap-≈- _p-≤n-ap-´p-Iƒ- - [-Icn¬-n-∂p-≈- 45,-000 ]p-kvX- - - °n-bn-cn-°p-∂- dn-eb≥-kv- ^p-´{]n-‚ v.- tem-In-ehm-cØn¬,- B-[p- - v- - - - ]-c-am-h-[n- Ip-d-bv-°p-∂-Xm-Wv- I-ß-fm-Wv- C-hn-sS-bp-≈-Xv.- ^n- n-I- ku-Icy-ßtfm-sS- cq-]I¬-∏- sN-bXn-cn-°p-∂- tÃm-dp-Iƒ- - - - - v- Cu- D-X]∂߃.- -v - - £≥,- P--{]n-b- ]p-kv-X-I-߃- Ip-Spw-_Øn-se- F-√m-hcp-sS-bpw- B-hiy-߃-°v- A-p-tbm-Py-am- - - - ]p-cp-j∑m¿-°pw- kv{Xo-Iƒ-- - F-∂n-hb°p- ]p-dta- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°m- - -v - b-hbm-W.v - - °pw- D-]tbm-Kn-°m≥- I-gn-bp-∂-- bn- hn-]p-e-am-b- ti-J-c-hpw- dn-e- dn-eb≥-k-v {^-j-v tÃm-dp-Itfm-Sp- tN¿-∂-v B-cw-`n-®n-cn-°p-∂- ]p- - - t^m¿-a¬- {_m≥-Up-Ifm-b- s- - b≥-kv- ssSw-Hu-´n¬- D-≠v.- Iq-Sm- Xn-b- aq-∂v- tÃm-dp-Ifpw- sIm-®n- -KcØn-se- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- - - - - ‰vh¿-°v,- kvam¿-´v- Im-jz¬- ti- - - sX- A-°m-Zan-I,v - {]-^jW¬- _p- - - - A-¥m-cm-j{S- n-ehm-cØn-ep-≈- tjm-∏nw-K-v A-p-`ham-bn-cn-°p-sa- -v - - - - J-cam-b- s-‰vtπ- F-∂n-h- C-hn- - - °p-Ifpw- B-dv- {]m-tZ-in-I- `m-j- - ∂v- ]p-Xn-b- tÃm-dp-Ifp-sS- D-ZLm-StØm-Sp-_‘n-®v- dn-eb≥-kv- - v- - - - - - sS- e-`y-am-Wv.- C-¥y-bn-se- bp- I-fn-ep-≈- ]p-kvXIßfpw- C-hn- - - - - do-s´-bv¬,- Hm-∏td-j≥-kv- B≥-Uv- kv{Sm-‰Pn,- {]-kn-U‚pw- No-^v- F- - - - - hm-°sf- e-£y-an-´-v cq-]s∏-Sp-Øn-b- ^m-j≥- Km¿-sa-‚p-Iƒ- A-Sßn- - - - sS- e-`n-°pw.- Ivkn-Iyq-´o-hp-am-b- c-Lp- ]n-≈- ]-d™p.- an-I®- hn-ebn¬- Kp-Wta- - - - - - b-Xm-W-v Un-F≥-Fw-FIk.v - ]p-cp-j∑m¿-°m-bp-≈- C-∂¿-sh-b¿,- tem- - -v - {]-^jW¬- U-he]vsa-‚ v,- sk¬-^v˛sl¬-]v- F-∂o- hn-`m-K- - - - - - -- ∑-bp-≈- hn-hn-[- D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fpw- tk-h--ß-fpw- C-hn-sS- e-`y-am-Wv.- ©vsh-b¿- ti-Jcam-W-v {Km-hn-‰n.- - - - ß-fn-em-bn- an-I®- ti-Jcap-≠.v - Ip-´n-Ifn¬- hm-bm-io-ew- h-f¿-Øp- - - - - - C-¥y≥- co-Xn- ∂-Xn-m-bn- In-Uvkv- hmƒ- F-∂- t]-cn¬- {]-tXy-I- ÿ-ew- H-cp-°n- - bn-ep-≈- h-kv-{X- bn-cn-°p-∂p.- ߃- C-jv-S-s∏-Sp- kw-Ko-Xw,- kn-n-a- F-∂n-hb°m-bn- dn-eb≥-k-v ssSw-Hu-´n¬- 25,- - -v - ∂- kv-{Xo-Iƒ-°m- 000 ssS-‰n-ep-Ifp-≠v.- hr-Øn-bp-≈- km-lNcy-Øn¬- kw-Ko-Xw- B- - - - bp- ≈ - {]- t Xy- I - kz-Zn-°p-∂Xn-m-bn- C-d°p-aXn- sN-bvX- ku-≠v- tUm-ap-Iƒ- X-bm- - - - - {_m≥-Um-Wv- kv- dm-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°-v C-jSs∏-´- ]m-´n-sm-∏w- ]m- - -v - ]m¿-jv.- k¬-hm¿- Sp-∂Xn-pw- {]-^jW¬- dn-t°m¿-Unw-K-v Ãp-Un-tbm-bp-sS- ta-∑tbm- - - - - Ip¿-Ø-Iƒ,- Np-cn- sS- dn-°m¿-Uv- sN-øp-∂Xn-pw- ku-Icy-sam-cp-°p-∂- I-tcm-s°- Ãp- - - Zm-dp-Iƒ,- an-Iv-kv- Un-tbm- dn-eb≥-kv- ssSw-Hu-´n-s‚- {]-tXy-IXbm-Wv.- - - - B≥-Uv- am-®v- n-c- C-jSs∏-´- ]m-´pw- ]p-kXIhpw- sX-cs™-Sp-°p-∂Xn-m-bn- {]- v- - v- - - - - bn-ep-≈- h-kv-{X- tXy-I- tk¿-®v- F≥-Pn-pw- Cu- hn-jbßfn¬- A-hKm-lhpw- Np-dp- - - - - - ߃- F-∂n-h-bm- Np-dp-°p-≈- Po-h°m-cpw- D-]tbm-‡m-°fp-sS- k-lm-bØn-p-≠m- - - - - - Wv - Cu- {_m≥- Ipw.- Un¬- e-`y-am-Ip-∂- tÃ-j--dn- hn-`m-K-Øn¬- 6000 D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fp-≠v.- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- Xv.- h-n-XIƒ-°m- - hn-Zym¿-∞n-Iƒ-°pw- D-tZym-Kÿ¿-°pw- C-X-v i-cn-°p-sam-cp- A-¤p-X- - bp-≈- C-∂¿-sh-b- tem-Iam-Ipw.- - dp-Ifp-sS-bpw- …o-]-v - {]-^jW¬- B¿-´n-Ãp-Iƒ-°m-bn- s]-bn-‚p-Iƒ,- {_-jp-Iƒ,- Im≥- - - sh-bdp-Ifp-sS-bpw- - - hm-kv,- t]-∏¿,- s]≥-kn¬- F-∂n-h- C-hn-sS- e-`y-am-Wv.- {^m≥-kn¬- hn-]p-e-am-b- n-c- n-∂p-≈- s]-_o-tbm,- Im≥-k¨,- C-‰en-bn¬-n-∂p-≈- B¿-Pn-Fw,- - - bm-Wv- l-jv.- Ip-´n- hn≥-kn-n-b,- sN-°v- dn-∏ªn-°n¬-n-∂p-≈- tIm-lv˛C˛q¿- F-∂n- - -- -- Iƒ- ° pw- in- i p- h-bpw- tlm-_n- B¿-´v- D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fpw- C-hn-sS- H-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- °ƒ-°p-am-bn-H-t´- aq-hm-bn-cØn-e[n-Iw- I-fn-∏m-´ßƒ,- Kn-^‰,v - hm-®p-Iƒ,- k-¨•m-kp- - - - -v - sd- Kp-W-ta-∑m- ]- Iƒ,- kp-K‘hkvXp-°ƒ- F-∂o- hn-`m-Kßfn-em-bn- 5000 D-Xv]∂- - - - - - - - - cn-tim-[Iƒ- ]q¿-- - ߃- C-hn-sS- e-`n-°pw.- Øn-bm-°n-b- h-kv- I-tcm-s°- _q-Ø,v - Ip-´n-Iƒ-°m-bp-≈- I-fn-ÿew,- ku-≠-v tUmw,- - {X-n-cbm-W-v ]m≥- - do-Unw-K-v _m¿- F-∂o- ku-Icy-ßfpw- an-I®- Po-h°m-cpw- Z-ie£- - - - - - - - U- {_m≥-U.v - h-f¿- °-W°n-v- D-]tbm-‡m-°fp-sS- a-w-Ihcpw.- _mw-Kfq¿,- Kp¿-Km-hv- - - - - - - ∂p-hcp-∂- Ip-´n-Iƒ- - F-∂n-hn-Sßfn¬- dn-eb≥-k-v ssSw-Hu-´-v tÃm-dp-Iƒ- B-cw-`n-®n-´p-≠.v - - - - °m-bp-≈- {_m≥- Ip-Spw-_Øn-se- F-√m-h¿-°pw- F-√m- A-hkc߃-°p-am-bp-≈- - - - - Uv- h-k{X-ßfp-sS- -v - D-X]∂߃- e-`y-am-°p-∂- tem-In-ehm-cØn-ep-≈- tjm-∏nw-K-v A- -v - - - - - ti-Jcam-W-v {^-≠-v - - p-`hsam-cp-°p-∂- tÃm-dm-W-v dn-eb≥-k-v ^p-´{]n-‚ .v - sN-ss∂,- _mw- - - - -v kv.- K-fq¿,- ssl-Zcm-_m-Zv,- yq-U¬-ln,- tm-bvZ,- ep-[n-bm-,- amw-Kfq¿,- - - - bm-{X-bn¬- sP-b]q¿,- apw-s_- F-∂n-hn-Sßfn¬- dn-eb≥-kv- ^p-´{]n-‚ v- tÃm-dp- v- - - - v- C-¥y-bn-se-ßpw- do-s´-bv¬- hn-πhØn-v- Xp-S°w- Ip-dn-°p-∂Xn-p- - - - - B-hiy-am-b- e-tK-P,v - Hm-^o-k-v _m-K,v - kvIqƒ- _m-K,v - te-Uo-k-v lm≥- - - Iƒ- B-cw-`n-®n-´p-≠v.- bq-tdm-∏n-te-bpw- A-ta-cn-°bn-te-bpw- {]-ap-J- - ≈- ]-cn-{i-aØn-se- {]-[m-s∏-´- m-gn-I°√m-Wn-sX-∂v- A-t±-lw- - - - - Uv- _m-Kp-Iƒ- F-∂n-hbp-sS- an-I®- ti-Jcam-W-v {Kn-∏.v - - - - - {_m≥-Up-Iƒ-°p- ]p-dta- dn-eb≥-kn-s‚- kz-¥w- {_m≥-Up-Ifpw- C- - - - ]-d™p.- - Iq-Sm-sX- ]o-‰¿- Cw-•≠,v - - hn-sS- e-`y-am-Wv.- dn-e-b≥-kv- ssSw-Hu-´n-s‚- sIm-®n-bn-se- B-Zy- tÃm¿- B-cw-`n- tPm-¨- sπ-tb-gv-kv,- t_m- dn-eb≥-k-v do-s´-b¬- en-an- - v °p-∂Xn¬- k-t¥m-jap-s≠-∂v- dn-eb≥-kv- sse-^vssì- {]-kn- - - - - kn-n,- en-√n-]p-´,v - do-U-v B≥- ‰-Uv- (B¿-B¿-F¬-)- dn-eb≥- - U-‚pw- No-^-v F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-hp-am-b- _n-tPm- Ip-cy≥- ]-d™p.- hn-tm- -v - Uv- sS-be¿,- ªm-b°v- s_- v- v- kv- C≥-Uk{v- So-k-v en-an-‰Un-s‚- - - tZm-]m-[n-I-fp-sS- do-s´-bv-enw-Kv- cw-K-Øv- ]p-Xn-sbm-cp- Im-e-L-´-Øn- dn,- an-k-v sπ-tb-gk-v Xp-Sßn- -v - k-_kn-Un-bdn-bm-W.v - 2006 - -v - p- Xp-S°w- Ip-dn-°m≥- I-gn-bp-sa-∂m-Wv- {]-Xo-£sb-∂v- A-t±-lw- - - an-I®- {_m≥-Up-Iƒ- t-cn- - hw-_dn¬- B-Zy- tÃm¿- B-cw- - Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- t´m- k-_-v {_m≥-Up-Iƒ- h- `n-®p.- C-t∏mƒ- 14 kw-ÿm-- Kp-W-ta-∑-bp-sS- Im-cy-Øn¬- dn-e-b≥-kv- s{S≥-Un-v- {]-tXy-I- gn-tbm- dn-eb≥-kv- s{S≥-Uv- - ß-fn-se- 60 -K-c-ß-fn-em-bn- {i-≤bp-s≠-∂v- dn-eb≥-kv- s{S≥-Ukv- No-^v- F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-hv- A-cp- - - v- v- kn¬- e-`y-am-Wv.- 700 tÃm-dp-Iƒ- {]-h¿-Øn-°p- ¨- kn¿-tZ-ivap-Jv- ]-d™p.- A-¥m-cm-jv{S- n-ehm-cØn-ep-≈- I-gn- - - - - - apw-ss_,- Kp¿-Km-h,v - A- ∂p.- 3.-5 Z-ie£w- N-Xp-c{i-b- - - - hp-‰- {]-^jWep-Ifp-sS- t-Xr-Xz-Øn-em-Wv- Kp-Wta-∑- D-d∏p-hcp- - - - - - - - l-ΩZm-_m-Z,v - U¬-ln,- P-e- - Sn-bm-W-v Cu- tÃm-dp-Ifp-sS- B- - Øp-∂X.v - A-ta-cn-°≥- A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥- Hm-^-v sS-Issì-k,v - sI- - -v ¥¿- F-∂n-hn-Sßfn¬- dn-e- - - sI- hn-kXo¿-Ww.- dn-eb≥-kv- v- - an-Ãk-v B≥-U-v I-fdn-Ãk,v - A-ta-cn-°≥- Ãm≥-Um¿-U,v - sF-FkH,- -v - -v - -v b≥-kv- s{S≥-Uv-kv- tÃm-dp- {^-j,v - dn-eb≥-k-v Un-Pn-‰¬,- dn- - _n-sF-Fkv- Xp-Sßn-b- Kp-Wn-ehm-cw- D-d∏m-°p-∂p-s≠-∂v- A-t±- - - - - - Iƒ- B-cw-`n-®n-cp-∂p.- e-b≥-kv- am¿-´v,- dn-e-b≥-kv- lw- ]-d™p.- - ]p-kvXI߃,- kw-Ko- - - - s{S≥-Uvkv,- dn-eb≥-kv- sh¬- - - tem-Isa-ßp-n-∂p-ap-≈- an-I®- {_m≥-Up-Ifpw- dn-eb≥-kn-s‚- - - - - Xw,- tÃ-j--dn- F-∂n-h-bv- s-kv,- dn-eb≥-kv- sF-tÃm¿,- - kz-¥w- I-f£pw- H-cp- Iq-cb°p- Io-gn¬- sIm-®n-bn¬- e-`y-am-Ip-sa- - - - -v °m-bp-≈- dn-eb≥-k-v kvs]- - - dn-eb≥-k-v ^p-´{v- ]n-‚ ,v - dn-eb≥- - - ∂v- dn-eb≥-k-v ^p-´{]n-‚ -v No-^-v F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-h-v tKm-]m-eIr-jW≥- - -v -v - -v jm-en-‰n- tÃm-dm-W-v dn-eb≥- - kv- Pq-h¬-k,v - dn-eb≥-k-v ssSw- - i-¶¿- ]-d™p.- Hm-tcm- ]¿-t®-bkn-p-sam-∏w- D-]tbm-‡m-Xm-°ƒ- - v- - kv- ssSw-Hu-´v.- {]m-tZ-in-I- Hu-´v,- dn-e-b≥-kv- kq-∏¿,- dn-e- °v- dn-eb≥-kh¨- t]m-bn-‚p-Iƒ- kz-¥am-°mw.- A-¥m-cm-j{S- n- - v- - - v- hpw- A-√m-ØXp-am-b- D-X]- - -v b≥-kv- en-hnw-Kv- tlmw-sh-b¿,- e-hm-cØn-ep-≈- tk-hhpw- D-Xv]∂n-cbpw- Kp-Wta-∑bpw- tjm- - - - - - - - - - ∂-ß-fp-sS- n-c- ssSw-Hu- dn-eb≥-kv- Hm-t´m-tkm-¨- F- - ∏nw-Kv- A-p-`hhpw- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- sXm-´dn-bm-sa-∂v- A-t±-lw- - - - - ´n¬- e-`y-am-W.v - Iq-Sm-sX- A- ∂n-hbSßp-∂Xm-W-v dn-eb≥- - - - - - ]-d™p.- - ¥m-cm-j{v- S-t{km-Xkp-Ifn¬- - - kv- do-s´-bv¬.- dn-eb≥-kv- C≥-Ukv{So-kv- en-an-‰Uv- sN-b¿-am-pw- am-t-Pnw-Kv- - - - - n-∂p-≈- D-X]∂ßfpw- C- -v - - - C-¥y-bn-se- G-‰-hpw- h- U-bdISdp-am-b- ap-tI-jv- Aw-_m-n-bp-sS- Im-gN∏m-Sp-Iƒ-°v- A-p- - - v- - v- - hn-sS- e-`n-°pw.- B-[p-n-I- en-b- kz-Im-cy- I-º-n-bm-Wv- kr-Xam-bn- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°fp-sS- C-jSØn-v- A-p-kcn-®p-≈- - - - v- - - {]-^-j-W-ep-Iƒ,- bp-hm- dn-e-b≥-kv- C≥-U-kv-{So-kv- an-I®- D-X]∂ßfpw- tk-hßfpw- e-`y-am-°p-Ibm-Wv- dn-eb≥-kv- - v- - - - - - - - - °ƒ,- ]p-Xn-b- X-eap-dbn-se- am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ,- Ip-´n-Iƒ- F-∂n-h¿-°p- - - en-an-‰Uv- (B¿-sF¬-).- 1,-39,-269 tIm-Sn- cq-]- hn-‰p-hchpw,- 25,-205 tIm- - - - do-s´-bv¬.- ≈- tI-{µ-am-bn- sIm-®n-bn-se- dn-eb≥-kv- ssSw-Hu-´v- am-dpw.- - Sn- cq-]- em-`-hpw- 15,-261 tIm-Sn- cq-]- A-‰m-Zm-b-hp-ap-≈- I-º-n-bm- h-k{X-߃,- e-tK-Pv,- B-Ikkdo-kv- F-∂n-hb°m-bp-≈- dn-e- v- v- - - - v- an-I®- hn¬-∏bp-≈- ]p-kXI߃,- kw-Ko-Xw,- kn-n-aIƒ- Xp- - - - -v - - - Wn-X.v -
    • D-Xv-]-∂w- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 15 t{]m-U-Iv-Sv- sse≥- n-t∏m-¨- s]-bn-‚ n-s‚- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn-‚ v- I-f-£≥- kv-]n-cn-Nz¬- tm-f-Pv- G -jy-bn-se- G-d-d-hpw- h-en-b- s]- bn-‚ v- n¿-am-Xm-°-fm-b- n-t∏m-¨- s]-bn- bn-‚m-Wv.- an-I®- Xn-f°w- -evIp-∂Xn-m- - - - - bn- D-b¿-∂- Kp-Wta-∑bp-≈- tKmƒ-Uv- ]n- - - s´-∂-v D-Wßpw- Xp-Sßn-b- {]-tXy-IXIfp- - - ≠v.- C-cp-ºv,- Km¬-hss-kUv- C-cp-ºv,- A- - v- - - - U-b-dn-bp-am-bn- ‚ -v ho-Sp-Iƒ-°-v cm-PIo-b{]u-Un- -eIm≥- - - -v s‹-‚p-Ifm-W-v C-Xn¬- A-Sßn-bn-cn-°p-∂- - - eq-an-n-bw,- A-tem-bn,- kn-dm-an-I,v - X-Sn,- ssS- D-XIp-∂- n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn-‚ v- I- - f-£≥- hn-]Wn-bn¬- A-hXcn-∏n-®p.- - - - ep-Iƒ,- Pn-]vkw- Xp-Sßn-b- {]-Xe- - ߃-°-v an-I®- tKmƒ-U-v ^n-n-jpw- - - - ss-‰nw-tK¬ n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-U-v s]-bn-‚ -v A-{In-en- Iv- F-aƒ-j≥,- n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn- Xn-f°hpw- -eIm≥- tbm-Pn-®hbm- Wv.- - - -v - - {]o- an-bw- t]-∏¿- t{]m-U-Iv-‰v-kv- I-º-n- {io-n-hm-kv- ss^≥- B¿-Svkv- kv]n-cn-Nz¬- tm-fPv- U-bdn- 2009 hn-]Wn-bn- - - - - - ‚ -v A-{In-en-I-v C-m-a¬- F-∂n-ßs- c-≠p- - ho-Sp-Iƒ-°v- {]u-Vn- -evIm≥- - se-Øn-®p.- th-Zn-Iv- U-b-dn,- tKm-Uv- B≥-Uv- tKm-U-kv- U-b-dn- X-cw- D-X]∂ßfm-W-v n-t∏m-¨- s]-bn-‚ -v -v - - - n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn-‚ n-v- I- F-∂n-h-bm-Wv- Cu- kv- ]p-dØn-d°n-bXv.- ho-Sp-Iƒ-°v- Dƒ-hi- - - - - gn-bp-sa-∂v- n-t∏m-¨- s]-bn-‚ v- (C- ko-co-kn-ep-≈X.v - th- - Øpw- ]p-dta-bpw- D-]tbm-Kn-°m≥- I-gn-bp- - - ¥y-)- ss{]-h‰v- en-an-‰Uv- ssh-kv- {]- - - Z-ß-fn-epw- D-]-n-j- ∂-Xm-Wv- ]p-Xn-b- s]-bn-‚ vn-c. X-Sn,- tem- - kn-U-‚ v- ˛- U-°-td-‰o-hv-kv- c-am-Im- Øp-Ifn¬- n-∂pw- ]p- - lw,- kn-a‚ v- a-‰v- {]-Xe߃- F-∂n-hb°v- - - - - v- ¥v- A-°p-f- ]-d™p.- C-‚o-cn-bdn-epw- - - cm-Wßfn¬- n-∂p-ap- - - tbm-Pn-®hbm-sW-∂Xm-W-v {]-tXy-IX.- tK- - - - - F-IÃo-cn-bdn-epw- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn- v- - ≈- hn-⁄m-w- ]-I¿- ‰p-Iƒ,-`n-Øn-Iƒ,- t_m¿- U-dnw-Kv,- Xo-tb-‰- ‚ -v D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xn¬- H-cp- ]p-Xn- - - ∂v- ¬-Ip-∂hbm-W-v - - dp-Iƒ- F-∂n-h-bn-epw- Cu- s]-bn-‚ v- D-]- b- Xp-S-°-an-Sm≥- n-t∏m-¨- s]-bn- Cu- U-bdn-Iƒ.- - tbm-Kn-°mw.- ‚n-s‚- ]p-Xn-b- D-X]∂߃- h-gn-sX- -v - - th- Z - ß ƒ,- {]- n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-U-v s]-bn-‚ -v A-{In-en- fn-°p-sa-∂v- A-t±-lw- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- ÿm-{X-b,- D-]n-j- - - Iv- F-aƒ-j≥- an-I®- Kp-Wta-∑bp-ff- kz¿- - - - - dn-b¬- tKmƒ-Uv,- {Um-K-¨- Øp-Iƒ,- k-ZvZ¿-i,- - - W- ]n-s‹-‚p-Iƒ- A-Sßn-b- 100 i-Xam-w- - - tKmƒ-U-v F-∂n-ßs- c-≠-v sj-bn- - th-Zm-¥-kq-{X- Xp-S- A-{In-en-Iv- s]-bn-‚m-Wv.- {]-X-e-߃-°v- Up-Ifn¬- n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-Uv- s]- - ßn-b-h-sb-°p-dn-®v- kz¿-WØn-f°hpw- ^n-n-jpw- -eIm≥- C- - - - -v bn-‚ v- e-`y-am-Wv.- n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ- A-dn-hv- ¬-Ip-I-bpw- Xv- k-lm-bn-°pw.- Im-em-h-ÿm- hy-Xn-bm- Uv- s]-bn-‚ -v 3000 A-{In-en-I-v F-aƒ- A-hbp-sS- Z¿-i߃- ]-¶p-hb°p-Ibpw- sN-øp-∂Xm-Wv- th- - - - - v- - - -ßsf- sN-dp-Øp-n-ev°m≥- I-gn-bp-∂h- - - - j-pw- n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn- Zn-I-v U-bdn-Iƒ.- tZ-ho- tZ-h≥-am-cp-sS- Nn-{X-ßfpw- `-KhX-v Ko-X- - - - - bm-Wv.- kn-a‚ v,- X-Sn,- Pn-]kw- {]-Xe߃- - v- - - ‚ v- 2000 A-{In-en-Iv- C-m-aepw- H-cp- - bn¬- n-∂p-≈- D-≤cWn-Ifpw- tPym-Xn-j- kw-_‘am-b- hn-h- - - - - - °v- A-p-tbm-Pyw.- en-‰¿- ]m-bv-°n¬- e-`n-°pw.- dn-b¬- c-ßfpw- Dƒ-s°m-≈p-∂p- tKm-U-v B≥-U-v tKm-Uk-v U-bdn-bn¬.- - - - n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-U-v s]-bn-‚ -v A-{In-en- tKmƒ-U,v - {Um-K¨- tKmƒ-U-v F-∂o- - th-Zn-Iv- U-b-dn-°v- 565 cq-]-bpw,- tKm-Uv- B≥-Uv- tKm-U-kv- Iv- C-m-a¬- sX¿-tam-πm-Ãn-Iv- A-{In-en-Iv- Xv.- D-]tbm-Kn-°m≥- F-fp-∏w,- Im-em-hÿ- - - c-≠-v sj-bUp-Ifpw- H-cp- en-‰¿- ]m-b°n¬- -v - -v U-bdn-°v- 395 cq-]bp-am-Wv- hn-e.- - - sd-kn-n¬- n¿-an-®- A-{In-en-I-v Hm-bn¬- s]- hy-Xn-bm-ßsf- sN-dp-Øp-n¬-°pw- s]- - - e-`y-am-W.v - h-n-X-Iƒ-°m-bn- ssS-‰-s‚- cm-K- Zn-h- hm-®p-Iƒ- h -n-X-Iƒ-°m-bn- cm-K- Zn-h- F-∂- t]- cp-X- -eIp-∂p.- ]p-ckIm-c߃- kz-¥am-°n-bn-´p- -v - -v - - kv{Xo-Ifp-sS- a-tm-`m-hßsf- {]-ISn-∏n-°m≥- - - - - - ^n-K¿,- lyq-tKm- t_m-k-v F-∂n-hbpw- ^m-Ã-v {Sm- - cn¬- thƒ-Uv- Hm-^v- ssS-‰≥- hm-®p-Iƒ- ]p-d- ≈- ssS-‰≥- Un-ssk≥- kvddp-Un-tbm- B-Wv- C-h- - - I-gn-bp-∂hbm-Wv- cm-K- - - °v- k-¨-•m-kp-I-fpw- C-hn-sS- e- Øn-d°n.- ]-cºcm-KX- - - - - cq-]-I¬-∏-- sN-bv-Xn- Zn-h- hm-®p-Isf-∂v- C-h-- `y-am-W.v - tem-In-ehm-cØn-ep-≈- - - - am-b- Ip-µ≥- I-cIu-i- - cn-°p-∂X.v - - hn-]-Wn-bn¬- B-Zy-am- tjm-∏nw-K-v A-p-`hhpw- hy-‡n-]- - - e-th-eIfn¬- A-[n-j-v - - B-`-c-W-ß-fp-tS- bn- A-h-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm- c-am-bn- C-Ss]-Sepw- kw-Xr-]Xn- - - - -v Tn-Xam-b- B-[p-n-I- cq- - Xp- t]m-se- ]-Wn-I-gn- ≠v- F-F-kv-Fw- tkm- evIp-∂p-sh-∂Xm-W-v thƒ-U-v Hm- - - ]-`m-h-ß-tfm-sS- {]- ∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂- Cu- hm- Wn- km≥-Un- ]-d™p.- - ^v- ssS-‰-s‚- {]-tXy-I-X.- k¿-h- tXy-Iam-bn- cq-]s∏-Sp- - - ®p-Iƒ- D-’hIm-eØ-v - - - thƒ-U-v Hm-^-v ssS-‰s‚- - k-÷am-b- hm-®-v sI-b¿- sk-‚¿,- - Øn-bXm-Wv- cm-K- Zn- - kv{Xo-Iƒ-°-v a-tm-l- - Hm-tcm- ti-J-c-hpw- D-]- kv-s]-j¬- Kn-^v-‰v- ]m-bv-°nw-Kv- h- ti-Jcw- - c- h- tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°-v kz-bw- ku-I-cyw,- sa-bn-‚-≥-kv- Kym-c- ku-µ-cy-hpw- kv- kv{X-߃-s°m-∏w- G- - {]-ISn-∏n-°m≥- A-hk- - - ≠n- F-∂n-hbpw- C-htbm-Sp-_- - - - ss{X-W-X-bpw- Xp-fp- ‰-hpw- tbm-Pn-®Xm-bn-cn- - c-sam-cp-°p-∂Xm-Wv.- C- - ‘n-®p-≠.v - G-sd- P-{]n-bhpw- {]- - - ºp-∂-h-bm-Wv- Cu- °pw.- G-gp- hy-Xy-kX- -v Xn-s‚- A-Xn-atm-lcam- - - - tbm-PIchp-am-b- kn-s·-‰-v tem- - - - - ti-JcØn-se- hm-®p- - - ssi-en-I-fn¬- 24 tam- b- D-Zm-lcWam-W-v cm-K- - - - b¬-‰n- ]-≤Xn-bn¬- Aw-Kam-Ip-∂- - - Iƒ- Hm-tcm-∂pw.- A-Xo- U-ep-Ifm-W-v cm-K- Zn-h- - Zn-h- hm-®p-Isf-∂-v A-t±- - Xn-pw- thƒ-Uv- Hm-^v- ssS-‰n¬- - h- {i-≤-tbm-sS- cq-]- ti-JcØn-ep-≈Xv.- 4,- - - - lw- ]-d™p.-- A-hkcap-≠.v - - - - s∏-Sp-Øn-b- C-m-a¬- 000 cq-]- ap-X¬- 10,-000 q-Xssi-en-bn-ep- - - cm-Py-sØ-ßp-ap-≈- 115 -Kc- - tam-´n-^p-Ifm-W-v Cu- - cq-]- h-sc-bm-Wv- hn-e.- ≈- ssS-‰≥- D-Xv-]-∂- ß-fn-em-bn- 255 F-Iv-kv-¢q-ko-hv- hm-®p-Ifp-sS- {]-tXy-I- - cm- P y- s a- ß p- a p- ≈ - ߃- thƒ-Uv- Hm-^v- ssS-‰≥- tjm-dq-ap-Ifn¬- e-`y- - thƒ-Uv- Hm-^v- ssS-‰≥- tjm-dq-ap-Ifp-≠v.- {]-Xn- - X.- {In-Ãep-Ifpw- hn-hn-[- h¿-WØn-ep-≈- C- - - - thƒ-Uv- Hm-^v- ssS-‰≥- tjm-dq-ap-I-fn¬- C-h- e-`y- am-Wv.- ssS-‰≥,- s-_p-e,- cm-K,- skm-Wm-‰,- ^m-Ãv- h¿-jw- 22 e-£w- D-]tbm-‡m-°sf- B-I¿-jn- - - m-a¬- I-c-th-e-I-fpw- C-h-bv-°v- A-Xo-h- Nm- am-W.v - {Sm-°-v Xp-Sßn-b- hm-®p-Iƒ,- ssk-en-k,v - tSm-an- ln¬- - °m≥- C-hb°p- I-gn-bp-∂p.- - -v [m-{Xn- am-hn-e- Z-¥v-sI-b¿- Sq-Øv- t]-Ãv- B -bp¿-th-Z- Nn-In-’m- cw-K-Øv- ap-∂q-dn¬- ]-cw- h¿- Zv- D-d-t∏-Ip-∂p.- ]-√p-I-tf-bpw- tam-W-I-tf-bpw- B-{I-an-°p- j-ß-fp-sS- ]m-c-º-cy-ap-≈- [m-{Xn- B-bp¿-th-Z-bn¬- n-∂pw- ∂- _m-Iv-So-cn-b-I-sf- -in-∏n-°p-∂p.- Np-°v- hm-bn-se- A-æmw- ]p-Xn-sbm-cp- B-bp¿-th-Z- D¬-∏-∂-am-b- am-hn-e- Z-¥v- sI-b¿- iw- {I-a-s∏-Sp-Øm≥- k-lm-bn-°p-∂p.- an-I-®- B-‚ n- sk-]v- Sq-Øv- t]-Ãv- hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d-°n.- G-e-°,- Np-°v,- I-dp-hm-∏-´,- ‰n-Iv- Iq-Sn-bm-Wn-Xv.- G-e-°,- ]-√n-te-bpw- tam-W-I-fn-te-bpw- {Km-ºp,- th-∏n-e,- am-hn-e- F-∂n-h- ap-Jy- L-S-I-ß-fm-bp-≈- am-hn-e- Sq-Øv- t]-Ãv- ]-√p-Iƒ-°v- sh-◊-bpw- tam-W-Iƒ-°v- C≥-s^-£-p-I-sf- kp-J-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.- izm-k-Øn-v- kp-K- ‘-ta-Ip-∂p,- an-I®- tcm-K{]-Xn-tcm-[- ti-jn-bpw- C-Xn-p-≠v.- - - D-X]∂ßsf- IqSp-X¬- -v - - - B-tcm-Ky-hpw- ¬-Ip-∂-Xn-v- am-{X-a-√,- izm-k-Øn-v- -thm- th-∏n-ebn¬- ]-√p-Ifp-sS- - - ip-Nn-Xz-Øn-v- B-h-iy-am-b- P-]£tØ-b°-v - - -v t∑-j-hpw- {]-Zm-w- sN-øp-∂-Xv- e-£y-an-´p-≈-Xm-sW-∂v- [m- L-SI߃- A- - - S-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- C-Xn-s‚- F- {Xn- B-bp¿-th-Z- am-t-Pnw-Kv- U-bdIvSdpw- {]-ikvX- B-bp¿- - - - - - - Iv- k v- {Sm-I‰v- Z-¥£bw- sN-dp-°p- v- - - F-Øn-°p-hm≥- th-Z- K-th-j-I-pw- Nn-In-’-I-p-am-b- tUm.- F-kv.- k-Pn-Ip- ∂p.- tam-WIfn¬- n-∂p-≈- - - am¿.- c-‡{km-hw- X-Sbp-∂Xn-v- - - - t{Im-ktdm-Un-se- -v B-tcm-Ky-Icam-b- Po-hn-XØn--v B-tcm- - - - Zn-h-k-hp-ap-≈- C-Xn-s‚- D- Ky-ap-≈- ]-√p-Iƒ- Iq-Sn-tb- Xo-cq.- ]-tbm-Kw- h-gn- km-[n-°p- quot;t{]m-UIS-v sse≥'- - -v ]-√p-I-fp-sS- kw-c-£-W- ∂p.- G-Xm-pw- am-k߃- - Øn-v- a-p-jy-cm-in-bp-sS- °p-≈n¬- X-s∂- ]-√p- k-lm-bn-°p-∂p.- B-cw-`w- ap-X-te- {]-tXy- Iƒ-°-v ]-gb- Xn-f°hpw- - - - I- {i-≤- ]p-e¿-Øn-bn-cp- `w-Kn-bpw- Xn-cn-sI- e-`n- ∂-Xm-bn- ]u-cm-Wn-I- {K- ®-Xp-t]m-se- tXm-∂pw.- Ÿ-߃- km-£y-s∏-Sp- {Km-ºp,- ]-√p-th-Z-- Øp-∂p.- {]-Ir-Xn-ZØam-b- - - bpw- tam- W - b n- s e- hn-`hßfm-bn-cp-∂p- C-Xn- - - - o¿-ho-°-hpw- A-I- m-bn- D-]-tbm-Kn-®p-h-∂n- ‰p-∂p.- am-hn-e-bn-ep- Cu- ]w‡n-bn¬- D-X]∂ßsf- ]-cn-Nbs∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥- -v - - - - - cp-∂-Xv.- am-hn-e-bpw- t]- ≈- amw-Kn-s^-dn≥- _-‘s∏Sp-I:- - cm¬- I-ºp-am-bn-cp-∂p- ]q¿- F-∂- Hu-j-[-L-S- hn-I-cp-sS- t]-Ãpw- {_-jp- Iw- an-I-®- tcm-K-{]-Xn-tcm-[- sa-√mw.- ]-gp-Ø- am-hn-e- ti-jn-bp-≈Xm-bm-W-v ]-T߃- km-£y- - - - sIm-≠-v ]-√p- tX-®m¬- hm- s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv.- B-‚ n-sk-]v-‰n-Iv,- B-‚ n- ssh-d¬- F-Ikn-Iyq-´o-h-v F-Un-‰¿- -v bn-se- Zp¿-K‘w- am-dn,- tam- - B-Wn-Xv.- Z-¥-£-bw- sN-dp-°p-∂-Xn-pw- C-Xn-v- I-gn-hp-≠v.- t{Im-ktdm-U-v -v W-Iƒ-°v- D-d∏pw- ]-√p-Iƒ-°v- - - √- Xn- f - ° - A-Xn-]p-cm-X-- Im-ew- ap-X-te- am-hn-e-bp-sS- Hu-j-[-Kp-Ww- ]n.-_n- -º¿-:- 4238 hpw- e-`n-°p-sa-∂v- B-bp¿-th-Zm-N-cy-∑m¿- I-s≠-Øn.- am-hn- Xn-cn-®-dn-™v- Z-¥-]-cn-]m-e--Øn-v- C-Xv- D-]-tbm-Kn-®p- h- sN-dp-]p-j]w- se-bv≥,- Ieq¿- ]n.-H,- v- e- Z-¥v- sI-b¿- Sq-Øv- t]-Ãv,- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- ap-Xn¿-∂-h¿- ∂n-cp-∂p.- {]-i-kv-X- kn-n-am- Xm-cw- Xn-e-I-m-Wv- am-hn-e- Sq- sIm-®n-˛682 017.- tI-c-f-w-,- C-¥-y.- °pw- H-cp-t]m-se- K-¥-kw-c-£-Ww- D-d-t∏-Ip-∂p.- Øv- t]-Ãv- sIm-®n-bn¬- -S-∂- N-S-ßn¬- hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d-°n- e-mail : karikkampallil@gmail.com C-Xn¬- A-Sßn-bn-´p-≈- I-dp-hm-∏´,- D-t∑-jIcam-b- kzm- - - - - - b-Xv.-
    • cmyk CROSSROAD 2008 December 01-14 16 DAILY NON-STOP TO THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, KOCHI AND MUMBAI FOR BOOKING CONTACT YOUR TRAVEL AGENT OR 24813321,24813347, 24815844 omanreservations@jetairways.com or omaninfo@jetairways.com KERML-12303/11/1/2005-TCM 6/59746/2004. quot; Edited, Printed and Published by Michael Varghese on behalf of Crossroad, P.B.No:4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Near Pottakkuzhy Little Flower Church, Kaloor P.O., Kochi-682017, Kerala, India and Printed by him at Cherrys Printers, LFC Road, Kaloor, Kochi-682 017. quot; Managing Editor: Michael Varghese quot; Executive Editor: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil quot; Mobile: +91 9847738883 quot; Email: editor.crossroad@gmail.com cmyk