Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 01 2008 Dec 01-14

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Crossroad. Malayalam Fortnightly Published from Kochi, Kerala, India. Address: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil, Executive Editor, Crossroad, P.B.No: 4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Kaloor P.O., Kochi-682017, Kerala, India. E-mail: karikkampallil@gmail.com Mobile: + 91 9847738883

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Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 01 2008 Dec 01-14

  1. 1. cmyk hm¿- Ø - I ƒ - m - e p- ] m- S p- n- ∂ p- w - 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 I sIm-®n- I ]p-kv-X-Iw- 03 I e-°-w- 01 I t]-Pv- 16 I hn-e- 10 cq-]- sdbn¬th ss{S_yp-W-en¬ sRmSn-bn-S-bn¬ Imcy-߃ tXmakv aØmbn Icn-°w-]-≈n¬ ! t^mt´m-:- F.-F-kv.-k-Xo-jv- sabn≥ tÃmdn aq-∂mw- t]-Pn¬- kzm-an-Z¿-i-w-...- ]p-Wy-Z¿-i-w- in-hs ]n-Sn-® in- ]p-Xn-b- e-°w- Zn-eo-]n-s‚- `m-hn- Kpcp-hm-bq¿- G-Im-Z-in- hn-]-Wnbn-te-°v- crossroad graphics kz-]vw- Im-Wp-tºmƒ- ^ew Iq-Sn- Adn-bt≠...?- - cmyk
  2. 2. 2 2 ^m-j-≥- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 emIvsa ^mj≥ ho°n¬ ln- k¨kn¬°v ssì µp-ÿm≥- bq-Wn-en-h¿- en-an-‰- I-fm-W-v k-¨kn¬-°-v A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂- - - - Un-s‚- {]o-an-bw- sl-b¿- sI-b¿- {_m≥- Xv.- B-tKm-f- {]-ikX- sl-b¿- Un-ssk- - -v Uv- k-¨kn¬-°-v A-hXcn-∏n-°p-∂- k- - - - ¿- B≥-{Uq- t_mƒ-´-pw,- {]-i-kv-X- ¨-kn¬-°v- ssì- em-Iv-sa- ^m-j≥- C-¥y≥- sl-b¿- Un-ssk-¿- -tc-{µ ho-°n¬- {i-≤m-tI-{µ-am-bn.- t_m-fn-hp-U-v -Ip-am-dpw- tN¿-∂m-Wv- Cu- ]p-Xn-b- Xm-cw- {]n-b¶m- tNm-{],- kq-∏¿- tam-U¬- - k-¨kn¬-°-v tam-Uep-Iƒ- A-hXcn-∏n- - - - - ap-K[- tKm-Usk,- -Sn- I-¶W- dm-hØv- v- v- - - ®-X.v - F-∂n-hcm-W-v k-¨kn¬-°-v sl-b¿-^m- - - k-¨-kn¬-°v- ssì- A-p-`-h- j≥- tjm-bv°m-bv- dmw-]n¬- A-Wn-n-c- - Øn-m-bn- C-¥y-sbm-´m-sI-bp-≈- Pm- ∂-X.v - th-Zv- l-_o-_v- k-eq-Wp-I-fn-se- k-¨- kvsS-bn-‰v- B≥-Uv- …o-°v,- tIƒ-kv- - kn¬-°v- ssì- Ãp-Un-tbm- k-µ¿-in- B≥-Uv- th-hkv,- se-tb-Uv- B≥-Uv- sS- v- °m-hp-∂-Xm-sW-∂v- I-º-n- h-‡m-hv- IvktN-Uv- F-∂n-ßs- aq-∂p- ssÃ-ep- - v- - kq-Nn-∏n-®p.- eIvkv tjmssSw {ioim¥v -{i≤m-tI{µw a -e-bm-fn- {In-°-‰v- Xm-cw- {io-im- kv- tjm-ssSw- dmw-]n¬- Np-hSp-h®Xv.- - - - ¥v- ^m-j≥- tem-I-Øpw- {i-≤- t-Sp- e-Ivkv- tjm-ssS-an¬- ]-s¶-Sp-Øv- - ∂p.- apw-ss_-bn¬- em-Ivsa- ^m-j≥- - dmw-]n¬- Np-hSp-h®X-v a-d°m≥- ]-‰m-Ø- - - - - ho-°n¬- kp-{]-kn-≤- Un-ssk-¿- hn- A-p-`ham-bn- F-∂-v {io-im-¥-v ]-d™p.- - - - {Iw- ^m-Un-kn-s‚- e-Ik-v tjm-ssSw- -v -v {In-°‰-v t]m-se- X-s∂- r-Øhpw- - - I-eIj≥- - -v h-g-ßp-∂- {io-im-¥v- A-ßn-s- C- A-hXcn-∏n-®- {io-im-¥-v t_m-fn-hp- - - ¥y≥- •m-a¿- tem-I-Øn-se- ]p-Ø≥- Uv- •m-a¿- tem-IØn-s‚- {i-≤m-tI-{µ- - Xm-cam-hp-Ibm-W.v - B-kzm-ZIsc- Io-g- - - - - am-bn.- sX-∂n-¥y≥- N-e®n-{X-Xm-cw- {in- - S-°p-∂- {]-ISam-W-v e-Ik-v tjm-ssS- -- - -v b- i-cWn-sm-∏am-Wv- {io-im-¥v- e-Iv- - - an¬- {io-im-¥-v Im-gNh®Xpw.- -v - - - s{S≥-Uv- s_≥-kn-e- IÆo-cn-pw- ku-µcyw- I Æo-cWn-™ s]Æn-s‚ ku-µcy- ajn- IÆgIn-p-]p-dta IÆn-eWn-bm≥- IÆp-o¿- Sbn¬- {In-k‰ep-Ifpw- a‰pw- IÆp-o¿-Øp-≈n-Ifm- -v IÆSbv-°p-tºm-gpw- Xp-d°p-tºm-gpw- AXn- sØ∏‰n- Ihn-Iƒ- ]m-Sn-bn-´p-≠.v - F∂m¬- AXn- B`cWhpw-! CXWn-™ kp-µcn-sb s]s´∂v- Im- bn- Xq-ßn-°n-S°pw.- sm- ∏ w- se≥- k pw- Nen- ° pw.- a‰v - Akz s‚ I®hSkm-[y-XIsf∏‰n- Bcm-bp-Ibm-W-v Wm≥- Ahƒ- Icbp-Ibm-sW∂p- tXm-∂p-as{X! IÆn-s‚ kp-c£ Cu- B`cWw- Dd∏p- kvYXIfp-an-√.- hn-etbdn-b IÆp-o¿- AWn- - - U®v- Un-sskdm-b Fdn-Iv- ¢m-c≥-_oI-v.- Icn- tIm¨-Sm-Iv-‰v- se≥-kn-tm-Sv- _‘n-∏n-®p-≈ m- ¬-Ip-∂p-sh∂m-Wv- Un-sskdp-Ifp-sS ]£w.- bp-t∂m?-
  3. 3. sabn≥ kv-t‰m-dn- 2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14 3 B¿k-n-Sn-bn¬- jvS-]-cn-lmc DØ-chv F-{X-bpw- s]-s´-∂v- tIm- SXn-Ifn¬- tI-kp-Iƒ- Ip-∂p-Iq-Sn- In-S°p-tºmƒ- F-d- - - - bn¬-th- C≥-^¿-ta-j≥- kn-ÃØn-s‚- (kn-B¿-sF-Fk)- ta¬-tm- - - -v N-c-°v- I-S-Øv- kw-_-‘-am-b- tI-kp-I-fn¬- N-c-°v- -jv-S-s∏-´- Wm-Ip-fw- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- ss{S-_yp-W¬- A-Xn-s-Xn-tc- am- ´-Øn-em-Wn-X.v - kvYetam- F-Øn-t®-tc-≠- kvYetam- _p-°-v sN-bX- kvYetam- s_- - - - - - - -v - - - Xr-I- Im-´p-∂p.- tc-JIƒ- F-√mw- Ir-Xy-am-bn-´p-≈Xm-W-v k-a¿-∏n-°p- - - s{S-bn≥- A-]-I-S-ß-fn-epw- s{S-bn-p-am-bn- _-‘-s∏-´- A-]-I-S- ©n-s‚- ]-cn-[n-°p-≈n-em-bn-cn-°Ww.- -jvS]cn-lm-cØn-p-≈- A- - - - - - ∂-sX-¶n¬- H-cp- Zn-hkØn-p-≈n¬- n-bam-p-kr-Xap-≈- -jS]cn- - - - - -v - - ß-fn-epw- Dƒ-s∏-´hbv°pw- A-hcp-sS- A-¥cm-hIm-in-°pw- th-K- - - - - - - - t]-£Iƒ- aq-∂-v h¿-jØn-Iw- k-a¿-∏n-®n-cn-°Ww.- - - - - lm-cØp-Ib°p-≈- D-Øch-v ]p-ds∏-Sp-hn-°p-∂Xm-sW-∂-v Pp-Uo-jy¬- - - -v - - - - Øn¬- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- ¬-Ip-I- F-∂- e-£y-tØm-sS-bm-Wv- sd- A-]IS- -jvS]cn-lm-c- tI-kp-Iƒ-°v- ^o-kn-√.- F-∂m¬- N-c- - - - - - Aw-Kw- C.-cm-P- cm-a≥.- Sn-°‰pw- {]-Ya- hn-hc- dn-t∏m¿-´pw- B-W-v C-Xn- - - - bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-k-v ss{S-_yq-W¬- (B¿-kn-Sn-)- cq-]o-Ir-Xam-bX.v - sd- - - °v- I-SØ-v tI-kp-Iƒ-°-v sd-bn¬-th- ss¢w-k-v ss{S-_yq-W¬- B-I-v - v- A-Xym-hiyw- th-≠p-∂- tc-JIƒ.- p-dp- Zn-hkØn-p-≈n¬- 2008 - - - - bn¬-th- bm-{X-°m-tc-bpw- πm-‰vt^m-dw- Sn-°‰v- tlmƒ-U¿-am-tc-bpw- - - Sv- ˛- 1987 {]-Im-cap-≈- ^o-kv- sI-´n-hbt°-≠Xm-Wv.- - - v- - P-p-hcn- ap-X¬- H-ItSm-_¿- h-sc- ^-b¬- sN-bXn-´p-≈- A-t]-£I- - -v -v - sd-bn¬-th- C≥-jz¿- sN-øp-∂p-≠v.- s{S-bn≥- A-]-I-S-ß-fn¬-s]-Sp- I-gn-™- 19 h¿-jam-bn- I-Sep-≠n- s{S-bn≥- B-Ikn-U‚ v- tI-k- - - v- - quot; fn¬- F-√mw- Xo¿-∏p-Ie∏n-°m-pw- ss{S-_yq-W¬- {i-an-°pw.- - v- ∂- bm-{X-°m-cpw- s{S-bn-n¬- k-©-cn-°p-tºmƒ- sd-bn¬-th-bp-sS- S-°w- q-dp-IW°n--v tI-kp-Iƒ-°-v F-dWm-Ip-fw- s_-©-v Xo¿-∏-v I¬- - - - {]-h¿-Øßfn-ep-≈- t]m-cm-baaq-ew- kw-`hn-°p-∂- A-]IS߃,- - - - -v - - - - - ]n-°p-Ibp-≠m-bn.- s]m-Xp-P{i-≤- B-I¿-jn-°s∏-´- ]-e- tI-kp-I- - - - - I-em-]߃,- t_mw-_-v kvt^m-S߃,- Xo-{h-hm-Zn- B-{I-aWw- Xp-S- - - - - - fpw- C-Xn¬-s]-Sp-∂p.- tI-kp-Iƒ- th-KØn¬- Xo¿-∏p-I¬-∏n-°p-∂Xn¬- - - ßn-bhbpw- πm-‰t^mw,- sh-bn-‰nw-Kv- lmƒ,- Sn-°‰v- _p-°nw-Kv- Hm-^o- - - v- - Cu- s_-©v- h-fsc-tb-sd- {i-≤n-°p-∂p.- F-∂m¬- Cu- kw-hn-[m-- - ! s{S-bn≥- A-]-I-S-ß-fn-epw- s{S-bn-p-am-bn- _- ‘-s∏-´- A-]-I-S-ß-fn-epw- Dƒ-s∏-´-h-bv-°pw- A-h-cp-sS- A--¥-cm-h-Im-in-°pw- th-K-Øn¬- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- ¬-Ip-I- F-∂- e-£y-tØm- sS-bm-Wv- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- ss{S-_yq-W¬- (B¿-kn-Sn-)- cq-]o-Ir-X-am-b-Xv.- ! tc-J-Iƒ- F-√mw- Ir-Xy-am-bn-´p-≈-Xm-Wv- k-a¿-∏n- °p-∂-sX-¶n¬- H-cp- Zn-h-k-Øn-p-≈n¬- n-b- am-p-kr-X-ap-≈- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-c-Øp-I.- ! s{S-bn-n¬- n-∂p- ho-Wp- a-cn-°p-∂-h-cp-sS- B- {in-X¿-°pw- ]-cn-t°¬-°p-∂-h¿-°pw- F-{X- bpw- th-Kw- -jv-S-]-cn-lm-c-Øp-I- F-Øn-°m- p-≈- {i-a-Øn-s‚- `m-K-am-bn- sl¬-]v- sse≥- kv,- dn-k¿-th-j≥- Hm-^o-kv- Xp-Sßn-b- kvYeßfn¬-h®p-≠m-Ip-∂- - - - - - - sØ-°p-dn-®v- A-ht_m-[an-√m-ba- Im-cWw- ]-et∏m-gpw- tI-kp-Iƒ- - - v- - - sU-kv-Iv- {]-h¿-Ø--am-cw-`n-®p.- - A-]-I-S-ß-fpw- C-Xn-s‚- ]-cn-[n-bn¬- h-cp-∂p.- sd-bn¬-th- h-gn- _p- c-Pn-k‰¿- sN-øs∏-Sm-sX- t]m-Ip-∂p.- A¿-lXbp-≈h¿-°v- -jS]- v- - - - - v- - °v- sN-øp-∂- km-[߃- -jSs∏-Sp-Itbm- `m-Kn-Iam-bn- -in-°p- - - v- - - - cn-lm-cw- hm-ßm≥- I-gn-bm-sX-bpw- t]m-Ip-∂p.- I-tbm- sN-øp-∂Xn-v- sd-bn¬-th- ¬-Ip-∂- -jvS]cn-lm-cw- A-]- - - - - sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-k-v ss{S-_yp-Wen-s‚- F-dWm-Ip-fw- s_-©-v - - cym-]vXam-sW-∂p- tXm-∂n-bm¬- I-£n-Iƒ-°v- Cu- ss{S-_yq-Wen- - - - F-dWm-Ip-fw- U¿-_mƒ-lm-fn-p- k-ao-]ap-≈- tXm-´b°m-´-v lu-kn- - - - -v s{S-bn-n¬- n-∂p- ho-Wp- a-cn-°p-∂hcp-sS- B-{in-X¿-°pw- ]-cn- - - s- k-ao-]n-°m-hp-∂Xm-W.v - - em-Wv- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂Xv.- (tXm-´bv°m-´v- lu-kv,- Un.-F®v.- tdm-Uv,- - - - - t°¬-°p-∂h¿-°pw- F-{X-bpw- th-Kw- -jS]cn-lm-cØp-I- F-Øn- - -v - - - A-]ISßfn¬- a-cWaSbp-∂h¿-°v- m-ep- e-£w- cq-]bpw- A- - - - - - - - - - - F-d-Wm-Ip-fw-˛-682016.- sS-en-t^m-¨-:- 0484˛-2362136.- C-˛-sa-bn¬-:- r-c- °m-p-≈- {i-a-Øn-s‚- `m-K-am-bn- sl¬-]v- sse≥- sU-kv-Iv- {]-h¿- ]-ISØn¬- s]-Sp-∂h¿-°-v A-Xn-s‚- Xo-{h-Xbp-kcn-®-v 32,-000 cq-]- - - - - - - ter-s@-dataon-e.-in-)- - - Ø-am-cw-`n-®n-´p-≠v.- A-t]-£I¿-°v- t-cn-´v- ss{S-_yp-Wen-s- k- - - - ap-X¬- m-ep- e-£w- cq-]- h-sc-bpw- -jS]cn-lm-cw- ¬-Ip-hm≥- hy- -v - - ss{S-_yq-Wen¬- c-≠p- sa-º¿-am-cm-Wp-≈Xv.- Pp-Uo-jy-epw- sS- - - ao-]n-°mw.- C-Sn-e°m-cp-sS- B-hiy-an-√.- ss{S-_yq-Wen-s‚- {]-h¿- - - - - h-kYsN-øp-∂p.- A-]ISØn¬- a-cn-®hcp-sS- A-¥cm-hIm-in-Iƒ- -v - - - - - - - - - Ivn-°epw.- Pp-Uo-jy¬- sa-º¿- B-bn- C.- cm-P- cm-a≥- {]-h¿-Øn-®p- - - Ø-sØ-°p-dn-®v- ]-e¿-°pw- A-dn-hn-√m-ØXn-m¬- ]-cm-Xn-Ifp-sS- - - - t°m,- ]-cp-t°-‰h¿-t°m- -jS]cn-lm-cØn-m-bn- A-t]-£n-°m-hp- - -v - - - h-cp-∂p.- sS-In-°¬- sa-º¿- t]m-k‰-v H-gn-™p-In-S°p-Ibm-W.v - -v -v - - F-Æw- Ip-dhm-W.v - ]-{X-ßfn¬- Zn-htk-- Im-Wp-∂- s{S-bn≥- A-]I- - - - - ∂-Xm-Wv.- A-t]-£I¿-°v- t-cn-t´m- A-`n-`m-jI≥- ap-tJ-tbm- tI- - - - H-cp- kn-hn¬- tIm-S-Xn-bp-sS- F-√m- A-[n-Im-c-ß-fpw- Cu- ss{S- S-ßfp-sS- tXm-Xp-h®v- ss{S-_yp-Wen¬- ]-cm-Xn- F-Øp-∂n-√.- Z-cn-{Z- - - - kv- ^-b¬- sN-ømw.- A-]ISw- -S∂- H-cp- h¿-jØn-Iw- tI-kv- ^- - - - - - _yq-Wen-p-≠.v - C-Xn-s‚- hn-[n-s°-Xn-cm-b- A-∏o-ep-Iƒ- ssl-t°m- - cpw- n-c£ccpw- th-≠{X- A-dn-hn-√m-ba- sIm-≠v- ss{S-_yp-Wen¬- - - - - v- - b¬- sN-tø-≠-Xm-Wv.- Sn-°-‰v- F-Sp-Ø- kv-Y-e-tam- F-Øn-t®-tc-≠- S-Xn-bn-em-W-v ^-b¬- sN-tø-≠X.v - s]m-Xp-P߃-°-v tI-k-v c-Pn-k-v - - - km-[m-cW- F-Øm-dn-s√-∂m-W-v A-p-`hw.- - - kv-Y-e-tam- A-]-I-Sw- kw-`-hn-®- kv-Y-e-tam- s_-©n-s‚- ]-cn-[n-°p- ‰¿- sN-øp-∂-Xp-am-bn- _-‘-s∏-´- hn-h-c-߃- A-dn-bp-∂-Xn-v- ss{S- C-¥y-bn-se- 21 _-©p-I-sf- X-Ωn¬- _-‘n-∏n-°p-∂- I-ºyq-´¿- ≈n-em-bn-cn-°-Ww.- A-t]-£-Iƒ- X-]m¬- h-gn-bpw- k-a¿-∏n-°m-hp- _yq-Wen-s- k-ao-]n-°m-hp-∂Xm-W.v - - - kw-hn-[m-w- -S∏n-em-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-W.v - sk-‚¿- t^m¿- sd- - - ∂-Xm-W.v - sh-_v-ssk-‰v-:- www.claims.indianrail.gov.in {i-t≤-b-ß-fm-b D-Ø-c-hp-I-ƒ- {]-h¿-Ø-w- P--ß-fn-te-°v- F- d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ- sd- bn¬-th- X-S-k-ap-≠m-°m-dn-s√ hn-[- kw-ÿm-ßsf- {]-Xn-n- - - km- [m-cW°m-cm-b- bm-{X-°m¿-°pw- F- - - s{S-bn-n¬- k-©-cn-°-th- A-⁄m-X-s‚- bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- ss{S-_yq- ∂-v ko-n-b¿- sIm-ta-gkn-b¬- am- - -v [o-Icn-®-v 21 _-©p-Ifm-W-v n- - - a¿-P≥-kn- tIzm-´- ku-I-cyw- s{S-bn-n¬- e-`n- I-t√-dn¬- h-e-Xp- I-Æn-s‚- Im-gv-N- -jv-S-s∏- °m≥- ^-e{]-Zam-b- -S]Sn- kzo-Icn-°Ww- F- - - - - - - ´- bp-h-Xn-°v- sd-bn¬-th- m-ep- e-£w- cq-]- W- (B¿-kn-Sn-)-˛-en-s‚- ]- t-Pcpw- ss{S-_yp-Wen¬- {]-k- - - e-hn-ep-≈X.v - tI-cfØn-te-bpw- - - - ∂-Xv- A-S°ap-≈- {i-t≤-bßfm-b- ]-e- D-Øc- - - - - - -jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- -ev-I-W-sa-∂- D-Ø-c-hm-Wv- sØm≥-]-Xmw- hm¿-jn-Iw- - ‚nw-Kv- Hm-^o-kdp-am-b- tUm.-F.- - e-£Zzo-]n-te-bpw- tI-kp-Ifm- - - hp-I-fpw- F-d-Wm-Ip-fw- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- a-s‰m-∂v.- n-k- k-a¿-∏n-®- ]-cm-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p- hw-_¿- F-´n-m-bn-cp-∂p.- Cu- {io-[¿.- Wv- F-dWm-Ip-fØ-v ssI-Im-cyw- - - ss{S-_yp-W¬- ]p-ds∏-Sp-hn-®n-´p-≠v.- - D-Øch.v - - - A-h-k-c-Øn¬- ss{S-_yq-W- I-£n-°-v -jS]cn-lm-cØp- -v - - - sN-øp-∂Xv.- e-£Zzo-]n¬- sd- - - sh-bn-‰nw-Kv- en-Ãn¬- Sn-°‰v- F-Sp-°p-∂h¿- - - s{S-bn≥- bm-{X-°n-sS- B-{I-an-Iƒ- X-≈n-bn- en-s‚- {]-h¿-Øw- Iq-Sp-X¬- - I- sN-°v- B-bn-´m-Wv- -ev-In-bn- bn¬-th- sse≥- C-s√-¶n-epw- °p- Iq-Sn- dn-k¿-th-j≥- ku-I-cyw- e-`y-am-°m- ´v- Aw-K`w-Kw- kw-`hn-®- tIm-fP-v A-[ym-]n-Ibp- - - - - sa-®s∏-Sp-Øn- P-ßfn-te-°-v - - - cp-∂Xv.- F-∂m¬- A-Xv- Nn-e- B- - A-hn-sS- n-∂p-≈- s{S-bn≥- bm- m-W-v F-a¿-P≥-kn- tIzm-´- (C-Iyp-)- k-{º-Zm-bw- sS- -jS]cn-lm-c- A-t]-£sb- F-Xn¿-Øp-≈- -v - - - F-Øn-°m-m-W-v {i-asa-∂-v F- - t£-]߃-°-v h-gn-h®t∏mƒ- C- - - - {X-°m¿-°-v ss{S-_yq-Wen-s‚- - {]m-h¿-Øn-Iam-°n-bn-´p-≈X.v - Fw.-]n.,- Fw.-F¬.- - - sd-bn¬-th-bp-sS- hm-Zhpw- ss{S-_yq-W¬- X-≈n- - d-Wm-Ip-fw- G-cn-bm- am-t-P¿- t∏mƒ- aq-t∂m- A-t©m- h¿-j- tk-h-w- {]-tbm-P--s∏-Sp- F.,- D-tZym-Kÿ¿- Xp-Sßn-b- hn-sF-]n-Iƒ-°m- - - bn-´p-≠v.- C-tX- tI-kn¬- I-ym-k{Xo-Iƒ-°v- - v- B-bn-cp-∂- A-Uo-jW¬- c-Pn- - tØ-°v- Xp-I- n-t£-]n-®n-´v- A- Ømw.- Wv- F-a¿-P≥-kn- tIzm-´bn¬- km-[m-cW- ap≥-K- - - jvS]cn-lm-cam-bn- ]-Ww- B-hiy-s∏-Sm-m-In-s√- - - - - - kv{Sm¿- am-Xyp- tPm¿-P.v - _-‘- - Xn-s‚- c-ko-X-v -eIp-Ibm-W-v sN- -v - s{S-bn≥- A-]ISßfn-epw- - - - - W-- -eIp-∂Xv.- Cu- k-{º-Zm-bw- kp-Xm-cy-am- v- - ∂- hm-Z-hpw- sd-bn¬-th- D-b¿-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.- I- s∏-´-h¿-°v- t-cn-´v- F-Øn- øp-∂X.v - kp-{]ow- tIm-SXn- n¿-tZ- - - s{S-bn-p-am-bn- _-‘s∏-´- A- - °n- km-[m-cW°m-cm-b- bm-{X-°m¿-°p- Iq-Sn- dn- - - ym-k{Xo-Iƒ-°-v A-{in-Xcn-s√-∂m-W-v sd-bn¬- -v - ss{S-_yq-Wen¬- ]-cm-Xn- k-a¿- - iw- A-p-kcn-®m-Wn-X.v - - ]-ISßfn-epw- Dƒ-s∏-´h¿-°pw- -- - - k¿-th-jn¬- A-hkc- k-aXzw- D-d∏n-°p-∂Xn- - - - - - - th- Nq-≠n-°m-´n-bXv.- F-∂m¬- s{S-bn≥- bm-{X- - ∏n-°mw.- ss{S-_yq-Wen-v- kz- - A-h-cp-sS- A--¥-cm-h-Im-in- m-bn- D-S®p- hm¿-°Wsa-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- ss{S-_yq- - - - °m-sc- a-XØn-t‚-tbm- sXm-gn-en-t‚-tbm- a-X]- - - ta-[bm- tI-kv- F-Sp-°m≥- A- - 1987˛-se- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw- Iƒ-°pw- th-KØn¬- -jS]- - v- - W¬- C.-cm-Pm-cm-as‚- D-Øchv.- B-im-tZ-hn- k- - - - c-am-b- ]-Zhn-Ifp-tS-tbm- t]-cn¬- sd-bn¬-th- B- - - [n-Im-can-√.- kv- B-Iv-Sv- A-p-k-cn-®v- 1989 - cn-lm-cw- -eIp-I- F-∂- e-£y- -v a¿-∏n-®n-cp-∂- ]-cm-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p- D-Øchv- ]p- - - IvSv- hn-th-Nn-°p-∂n-s√-∂v- hy-‡am-°n- B- hm- - - -jS]cn-lm-cw- A¿-lX- -v - - - hw-_¿- F-´n-m-W-v ss{S-_yp-W¬- tØm-sS-bm-W-v ss{S-_yp-W¬- d-s∏-Sp-hn-®X.v -- Z-hpw- ss{S-_yq-W¬- X-≈n-bn-cp-∂p.- s∏-´h¿-°-v A-Xp- -eIm≥- sd- - -v n-ehn¬- h-∂X.v - C-¥y-bn-se- hn- - - cq-]hXIcn-®n-´p-≈X.v - - - -v - -

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