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National Recovery Initiative presentation for the White House Conference, "Innovations in Effective Compassion"

National Recovery Initiative presentation for the White House Conference, "Innovations in Effective Compassion"

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Nri White Houseppt 062408.Final Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Opening the Black Box of Faith-based Services Measuring Program Components & Treatment Dose The White House Conference on Faith-based Initiatives June 26, 2008
  • 2. Acknowledgments
    • The National Recovery Initiative Pilot Project, an initiative of Atlanta Union Mission, Inc., is funded by two foundations, the National Christian Foundation with the recommendation of the McClellan Foundation and by a second corporate foundation that wishes their support to remain anonymous.
  • 3. Research Questions
    • Can the faith content of a program be measured?
    • Do Faith-based programs basically have the same intervention?
    • Do participants in Faith-based programs generally receive the same types and amounts of services?
    • Can Faith-based services
    • measure participant change
    • over time?
  • 4. Can the Faith Content of a Program Be Measured?
      • Measuring Programmatic Faith
      • - the expression of organizational religiosity through program components (Dulilio, 2002)
      • We can expect the decisions on program components will reflect the beliefs (ideologies) of their organizational host (Jeavons, 1998).
      • Different organizational beliefs will naturally shape a program’s faith-related components, i.e. GRM’s programs of recovery translate or operationalize a particular conservative Christian Protestant set of beliefs.
      • This finding has two major consequences:
      • Each programmatic faith environment has to carefully
      • identify its measures for program components meant to
      • reflect its organization’s beliefs.
      • (2) Such measures will differ between sets of organizational
      • beliefs from different faith traditions.
  • 5. Participating Missions
    •   Mission / Ministry Location__________
    • 1. Fort Wayne Rescue Ministries Fort Wayne, IN
    • 2. Trinity Mission Lafayette, IN
    • 3. Phoenix Rescue Mission Phoenix, AZ
    • 4. Water Street Rescue Mission Lancaster, PA
    • 5. Wheeler Mission Ministries Indianapolis, IN
    • 6. Miracle Hill Ministries Greenville, SC
    • 7. Rescue Mission of Utica Utica, NY
    • 8. Union Gospel Mission Twin Cities Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN
    • 9. Memphis Union Mission Memphis, TN
    • 10. Manna, Inc. Bangor, ME
    • 11. Light of Life Mission Pittsburgh, PA
    • 12. Gospel Rescue Ministries Washington, D.C.
    • 13. Charlotte Rescue Mission Charlotte, NC
    • 14. Haven of Rest Akron, OH
    • 15. Rescue Mission Alliance Ventura County, CA
    • 16. Atlanta Union Mission Atlanta, GA
    • 17. Holland Rescue Mission Holland, MI
  • 6. Do Faith-based programs all have the same intervention?
    • Not at all.
    • Even within the same faith framework of beliefs among the GRM’s, there is a great variety of service components and differing emphases on each, e.g. some programs emphasize mentoring relationships, some education and work assignments, others one-on-one counseling and some very little of the above.
    • Pre and post program participant requirements also vary greatly.
  • 7. Number of Different Services Received
  • 8. Do participants in Faith-based programs receive the same types and amounts of services?
    • Participant dose of programmatic faith varies greatly .
  • 9. Dose of Services Received Over Time
  • 10. Measuring Recovery Services How many hours were each of the following services provided? Service Mean SD Individual Counseling N=227 7.17 9.20 Mission-Related Supervised Work 125.55 135.51 Faith-based or Conventional 12-step Recover Group =269 16.98 22.02 Mentor Interaction N=165 12.47 23.66 Resident-Initiated Spiritual Activity N=274 25.23 40.69 How many sessions were each of the following services provided? Service Mean SD Individual Pastoral Counseling N=150 4.34 5.77 Group Bible Study N=322 16.43 20.25 Chapel/Worship N=347 33.15 38.90 Group Counseling N=235 17.62 20.66
  • 11. Can Faith-based Services Measure Participant Change over Time?
    • One cannot measure faith directly, but there are indicators of faith and faith change
        • Self-report “born again”
          • 48% reported having a relationship with Christ at Intake.
          • Selection Bias/Social Desirability
        • Faith Maturity Scale (Benson et al, 1993)
        • Indicators of Spiritual Growth
        • Faith Maturity Scale
        • Personal Qualities Scale
  • 12. Spiritual Growth Indicators How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statements? N=348–353 (1=strongly disagree, 5=strongly agree) Mean SD I need a change in my life. 4.81 0.53 I need Jesus to intervene in my life and provide guidance. 4.74 0.63 God is in control. 4.56 0.77 God is the authority. 4.73 0.63 God communicates His authority through Scripture. 4.63 0.69 I am willing to obey Biblical principles. 4.32 0.78 I regularly apply biblical principles in my life. 3.59 0.98
  • 13. Faith-Related Activities Please circle a number for each of the following questions, based on how often you engage in the following faith related activities on a scale of 1 to 5. (1=never, 5=daily) In the last 30 days… Mean SD How often did you attend worship services? N=330 2.81 1.31 How often did you participate in Christ-centered community, church, or small group? N=330 2.56 1.46 How often did you demonstrate Biblical stewardship of your money/income? (If currently without money, please circle 8) N=267 1.81 1.13 How often did you serve others on a voluntary basis? N=328 2.44 1.42 How often did you participate in a support group for the purpose of recovery? N=330 2.28 1.51 How often did you engage in group devotional activity or Bible study? N=330 2.45 1.50 How often did you engage in personal devotions or Bible study? N=331 2.83 1.57 How often did you participate in solitary prayer (exclusive of meals)? N=331 3.76 1.53
  • 14. Personal Faith Qualities How often do you exhibit the following: N=328-332 (1=never, 5=very frequently) Mean SD Acceptance of God’s forgiveness for my past actions 3.92 1.11 Acceptance of forgiveness from others 3.58 1.03 Forgiving others 3.88 0.92 Unselfishness/generosity 3.74 0.94 Helpfulness/servant attitude/kindness – (tenderhearted, sympathetic treatment to others) 4.00 0.86 Gratitude/Spirit of thankfulness 4.03 0.91 Offensive Language (reverse scored) 2.81 1.16 Respect for others/Non-judgmental attitude 4.01 0.87 Submission to authority 3.88 1.04 Love – (Unconditional devotion to others) 3.91 0.97 Joy – (Feeling of happiness, delight, and great pleasure) 3.63 1.06 Peace – (Feeling secure, undisturbed, serene, and tranquil) 3.52 1.13 Patience – (Ability to wait or endure without complaint) 3.36 1.07 Faithfulness – (Consistent practice of what you believe and loyalty to people you value) 3.73 .93 Self-Control – (Ability to self-regulate and direct one’s actions and thoughts) 3.55 1.06
  • 15. Change over Time in Faith Status Measures: Intake to Follow-up IMPROVED Number Percent Faith Maturity , N=160 132 82.5% Spiritual Growth , N=164 80 48.8% Personal Qualities , N=138 87 63% Faith Activities , N=80 74 92.5%
  • 16. Key Mediating Variables for Participant Outcomes in the GRM Recovery Programs
    • Program Duration
    • GRM recovery programs run 6 months to 13 months versus most secular programs of 30 to 90 days.
    • Relationships as a Program Component
    • The duration of GRM programs allow close staff and mentor relationships to develop with participants
  • 17. The Association of Relationship and Faith Status Measures at Follow-up Relationship Measure Minimum Score Maximum Score Mean Statistically Significant Correlations With Faith Measures Worker Alliance Inventory, N=167 (high = positive) 134 252 226 Faith Maturity Score, r=.342, p=.000; Spiritual Growth Score, r=.193, p=016; Faith Activity Score, r=.417, p=.000; Personal Qualities Score, r=.298, p=000 Trust Staff Score, N=166 (high=positive) 1 20 15.11 Faith Maturity Score, r=.381, p=000; Spiritual Growth Score, r=.217, p=.006; Faith Activity Score, r=.007; Personal Qualities Score, r=.182, p=.028 Lovejoy Life Skills Score, N=164 (high=positive) 8 20 14.12 Faith Maturity Score, r=.271, p=.001; Faith Activity Score, r=.266, p=.008; Personal Qualities Score, r=.365, p=.000 Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, N=163 11 22 16.09 Faith Maturity Score, r=.191, p=.018; Spiritual Growth Score, r=.018, p=.019; Personal Qualities Score, r=.201, p=.016
  • 18. Six Key Findings
    • Programmatic faith can be measured.
    • Faith-based programs can and do differ in service components and in dose of participant exposure.
    • Programs are therefore Faith-based by degree, not either they are or they aren’t.
    • Different faith traditions associated with organizational beliefs will operationalize faith-based program components differently.
    • Faith-based program component measures can measure change over time (outcomes).
    • Duration of program and strength of relationships experienced by participants correlates with faith status change, and perhaps with other outcomes.
  • 19. Next Steps: National Demonstration
    • Quasi-experimental non-equivalent comparison group design
      • Propose 6 locations with secular substance use disorder counter-part paired with Gospel Rescue Missions (12 organizations).
      • Implement revised measures developed in the pilot (Pre and Post test).
      • Each location requires a central point for service authorization and assignment to Gospel Rescue Mission or secular provider (random assignment)
      • Will include a capacity building track for participating GRM’s
  • 20. For more information:
      • For inquiries about the paper and its analyses:
      • Fred De Jong, [email_address]
      • Claudia Horn, [email_address]
      • For questions regarding project development and support, as well as treatment site recruitment for the National Demonstration:
      • Karen Woods, Project Director
      • National Recovery Initiative
      • 231-578-0905 , [email_address]