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  1. 1. Tip to be covered  Tips to be covered  Introduction  What is assessment  What is self and peer assessment  Why self and peer assessment  Disadvantages of self and peer assessment  The aim of self and peer assessment  21st century tools used in self and peer assessment  Preparing students for self or peer assessment  Summary
  2. 2. Introduction Assessment can be more successful when students are involved in developing the Assessment. When students assess self and each other's using a predetermined list of criteria, there is increase student responsibility and autonomy as they gain a greater understanding of the subject matter, skills and processes.
  3. 3. What is assessment In education assessment is the process of documenting in measurable terms, the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and beliefs of students.
  4. 4. Types of assessment in 21st century classrooms Assessment
  5. 5. What is self assessment • Self-Assessment in education is an examination of oneself to identify strengths and weaknesses in an effort to make worthwhile improvements in ones learning.
  6. 6. What is peer assessment? • Peer Assessment is assessment which involves a student judging the work of another student.
  7. 7. Why self and peer assess?  The learners are more self-reliant and their learning motivation is higher with peer assessment (Weaver & Cotrell, 1986 and Falchikov, 1986).  The opinions of other learners are more effective than grade points in inducing the learner’s self-reflection (Weaver & Cotrell, 1986).  By evaluating others, the assessor is able to learn from the other’s work, which induces self-reflection (Falchikov, 1986).  Feedback from other learners who have similar backgrounds is readily understood (Falchikov, 1986).
  8. 8. Why self-assess Mats Oscarsson (1989) outlined the following as reasons why self-assessment can be beneficial to learning.  it gives learners training in evaluation which results is beneficial to the learning process  it gives both students and teachers an greater level of awareness of perceived levels of abilities  it highly motivates students to become goal-oriented  it allows for a range of assessment techniques in the classroom  it gives the students participate in their own evaluation  it allows the learner to broaden his range of experience within the realm of assessment.
  9. 9. Why peer-assess it helps to improve student’s social and communication skills. it has the potential to provide immediate support in the classroom. it helps the students expose misconceptions. it gives the teacher the opportunity to stand back, observe and make focused interventions. it helps students take more responsibility for their own learning it helps students to develop the skills needed in the world of work
  10. 10. Disadvantages of self and peer assessment students may not be willing to make judgements about their peers. Students may feel that they are not equipped to carry out the assessment.
  11. 11. The aims of self and peer assessment  to increase student responsibility and autonomy  to strive for a more advanced and deeper understanding of the subject matter, skills and processes  To change the role and status of students from passive learner to active learners and assessors  to involve students in critical reflection  To develop in students a better understanding of their own subjectivity and judgement.
  12. 12. 21st Century instrument used in self and peer assessment Checklists: These contain a list of behaviors or specific steps, which can be marked as Complete/Incomplete, Yes /No, etc. Rubric: A rubric is a scoring tool that explicitly represents the performance expectations for an assignment or piece of work.
  13. 13. Preparing students for self or peer assessment introduce students to the concepts and elements of assessment against specified benchmarks in the first weeks of class when you explain the unit of study outline. take time at the beginning of the unit of study to discuss what is expected. provide students with guidance on how to judge their own and others’ work.
  14. 14. Summary Self and peer assessment enable students to independently assess their own as well as other students’ progress with confidence. When students self and peer assess, they are actively involved in the learning process and their level of motivation will improved.
  15. 15. References • Oscarsson, M. (1997) “Self-Assessment of Foreign and Second Language Proficiency”. In The Encyclopedia of Language and Education, Vol. 7. Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp 175-187. • Guthrie, J.T., Solomon, A. & Rinehart, J.M. (1997). Engagement in Reading for Young Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy; v40 n6 p438-46 Mar 1997. [EJ 547 197] • e