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Cleopatra Vii

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  • 1. Cleopatra VII Karen C 8-17
  • 2.
    • Cleopatra is the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes
    • She had Two older sisters Cleopatra VI and Bernice IV and a younger sister Arsinoelv
    • Then she had two younger brothers Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV
  • 3.
    • Ptolemy died in 51 B.C and handed his powers to the hands of his daughter Cleopatra VII
    • Cleopatra, following Egyptian tradition married her little brother Ptolemy XIII (10 years old)
    • Cleopatra was really smart, she knew a lot about literature, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine
    • She also had an amazing talent, she could easily talk to people from neighbouring countries without translators
    • Cleopatra was also the first Ptolemy to speak the Egyptian language
  • 4.
    • Politically she ruled with the help of her officials
    • She kept a good eye on the Greek governors who were in charge of the other parts of the countries
    • Cleopatra also had to face the jealousy of her sister, Arsinoelv who also wanted to rule the country too
  • 5.
    • When Cleopatra became queen she rapidly tried to solve the conflict witht the Roman Empire
    • Two powerful leaders are trying to get power of the Roman Empire : Pompejus and Julius Caesar.
    • Cleopatra then gave some Egyptian soldiers to Pompejus
    • Romans didn’t appreciated what Cleopatra did
    • Cleopatra was thrown away from her thrown and left the town
    • When she was gone her brother had full power of the country
  • 6.
    • When Caesar became a consul of rome he decided to go to Alexandria to solve the problem between Cleopatra and Ptolemy
    • But then Cleopatra didn’t want to enter the city because her brothers spies would kill her
    • So she entered the city rolled in a carpet
  • 7.
    • Caesar then fell in love with Cleopatra, which god Ptolemy XIII really mad.
    • So then Ptolemy decided to move .
    • After that Cleopatra was Queen of Egypt by Caesar.
    • To make Cleopatra’s brother happy Caesar gave him the island of Creta
  • 8.
    • Alexandria was back in the hands of Cleopatra and Caesar stayed because he was Cleopatra’s protector.
    • When Cleopatra when back she married her youngest brother Ptolemy XIV (eleven years old)
    • During that time she was pregnant bye Caesar and gave birth to a son Ptolemy XV also called Caesarion or Little Caesar.
  • 9.
    • 44 B.C Caesar was stabbed at a Senate gathering and Cleopatra went back to Egypt.
    • 42 B.C Cleopatra met Mark Antony who was in control of the Roman Empire.
    • She used her charm to get her a relationship with Mark Antony
    • Antony spent winter in Alexandria at Cleopatra’s side because Cleopatra was pregnant with twins
    • She gave birth to a boy Alexander Helios and a girl Cleopatra Selene.
  • 10.
    • Because of Antony’s extra affairs, the Roman Senate declared war on Egypt.
    • Octavian (Cleopatra’s enemies) took the opportunity to start a campaign against his brother in-law and Cleopatra
    • 32 BC Rome declared a war on her.
    • 33 BC They managed to defeat Mark Antony
    • Cleopatra unexpectedly withdrawn from the battle
  • 11.
    • August 10, 30 BC thinking that Cleopatra died , Mark Antony committed suicide.
    • Cleopatra according to legend committed suicide by putting an asp (Egyptian cobra) to her breast.
    • Cleopatra’s son by Caesar, Caesarion was called pharaoh by Egyptians
    • But Octavian captured him and executed him
    • After the death of Caesarion, Octavian called himself “Pharoah of Egypt”
  • 12. After Death
    • After she died Octavian (Cleopatra’s Roman enemy) spread tales about her
    • Those tales then turned into legends and the legends grew through the writings of Shakespeare.
    • There are also many film versions of her story.
  • 13. The Words of Shakespeare
    • “Age cannot wither her, nor custom stale Her infinite variety; other women cloy The appetites they feed, but she makes hungry Where most she satisfies;”
    • Shakespeare's Anthony and Cleopatra
  • 14.
    • With the death of Cleopatra the whole era in Egyptian history was closed
    • Cleopatra was named to be the Last Pharaoh of Egypt
  • 15. Bibliography
    • http://www.egyptologyonline.com/cleopatra.htm
    • http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/cleopatra/a/Cleopatra.htm
    • http://www.solarnavigator.net/cleopatra_egyptian_pharoah.htm
    • http://euler.slu.edu/Dept/Faculty/bart/egyptianhtml/kings%20and%20Queens/Cleopatra_VII.html

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