Cleopatra Vii


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Cleopatra Vii

  1. 1. Cleopatra VII Karen C 8-17
  2. 2. <ul><li>Cleopatra is the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes </li></ul><ul><li>She had Two older sisters Cleopatra VI and Bernice IV and a younger sister Arsinoelv </li></ul><ul><li>Then she had two younger brothers Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Ptolemy died in 51 B.C and handed his powers to the hands of his daughter Cleopatra VII </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra, following Egyptian tradition married her little brother Ptolemy XIII (10 years old) </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra was really smart, she knew a lot about literature, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine </li></ul><ul><li>She also had an amazing talent, she could easily talk to people from neighbouring countries without translators </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra was also the first Ptolemy to speak the Egyptian language </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Politically she ruled with the help of her officials </li></ul><ul><li>She kept a good eye on the Greek governors who were in charge of the other parts of the countries </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra also had to face the jealousy of her sister, Arsinoelv who also wanted to rule the country too </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>When Cleopatra became queen she rapidly tried to solve the conflict witht the Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Two powerful leaders are trying to get power of the Roman Empire : Pompejus and Julius Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra then gave some Egyptian soldiers to Pompejus </li></ul><ul><li>Romans didn’t appreciated what Cleopatra did </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra was thrown away from her thrown and left the town </li></ul><ul><li>When she was gone her brother had full power of the country </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>When Caesar became a consul of rome he decided to go to Alexandria to solve the problem between Cleopatra and Ptolemy </li></ul><ul><li>But then Cleopatra didn’t want to enter the city because her brothers spies would kill her </li></ul><ul><li>So she entered the city rolled in a carpet </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Caesar then fell in love with Cleopatra, which god Ptolemy XIII really mad. </li></ul><ul><li>So then Ptolemy decided to move . </li></ul><ul><li>After that Cleopatra was Queen of Egypt by Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li>To make Cleopatra’s brother happy Caesar gave him the island of Creta </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Alexandria was back in the hands of Cleopatra and Caesar stayed because he was Cleopatra’s protector. </li></ul><ul><li>When Cleopatra when back she married her youngest brother Ptolemy XIV (eleven years old) </li></ul><ul><li>During that time she was pregnant bye Caesar and gave birth to a son Ptolemy XV also called Caesarion or Little Caesar. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>44 B.C Caesar was stabbed at a Senate gathering and Cleopatra went back to Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>42 B.C Cleopatra met Mark Antony who was in control of the Roman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>She used her charm to get her a relationship with Mark Antony </li></ul><ul><li>Antony spent winter in Alexandria at Cleopatra’s side because Cleopatra was pregnant with twins </li></ul><ul><li>She gave birth to a boy Alexander Helios and a girl Cleopatra Selene. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Because of Antony’s extra affairs, the Roman Senate declared war on Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>Octavian (Cleopatra’s enemies) took the opportunity to start a campaign against his brother in-law and Cleopatra </li></ul><ul><li>32 BC Rome declared a war on her. </li></ul><ul><li>33 BC They managed to defeat Mark Antony </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra unexpectedly withdrawn from the battle </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>August 10, 30 BC thinking that Cleopatra died , Mark Antony committed suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra according to legend committed suicide by putting an asp (Egyptian cobra) to her breast. </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra’s son by Caesar, Caesarion was called pharaoh by Egyptians </li></ul><ul><li>But Octavian captured him and executed him </li></ul><ul><li>After the death of Caesarion, Octavian called himself “Pharoah of Egypt” </li></ul>
  12. 12. After Death <ul><li>After she died Octavian (Cleopatra’s Roman enemy) spread tales about her </li></ul><ul><li>Those tales then turned into legends and the legends grew through the writings of Shakespeare. </li></ul><ul><li>There are also many film versions of her story. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Words of Shakespeare <ul><li>“Age cannot wither her, nor custom stale Her infinite variety; other women cloy The appetites they feed, but she makes hungry Where most she satisfies;” </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare's Anthony and Cleopatra </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>With the death of Cleopatra the whole era in Egyptian history was closed </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra was named to be the Last Pharaoh of Egypt </li></ul>
  15. 15. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>