How Does the Stomach Work? The accidental shooting of a man in 1822 provided an opportunity for a doctor named William Beaumont to learn about the stomach ’s many functions. The hole was permanent and large enough that Beaumont could insert his entire forefinger into the stomach cavity.
What did he do to this poor man? Rate of Digestion of different food: Beaumont tied different types of food (protein, fat, carb) to the end of a silk string and dangled the food through the hole into the stomach. Beaumont pulled out the string 1, 2, 3 and 5 hours later. Stomach Stomach acid Fistula or tube String Food
Discomfort or pain caused by the stomach contents traveling up from the stomach up into the gullet (lower part of your esophagus). The gullet is not made to withstand acid and is irritated and inflamed when acid from the stomach travels up into it.
Happens when you eat too much, wear tight clothes, bad posture….
Physical activity: 30 min at least/day A lot little Amount of food and proportion for each category The more active you are the more you should eat. But the proportions should remain the same
Balancing Calories: - Enjoy your food, but eat less - Avoid oversized portions Foods to Increase: - Make half your plate fruits and veg - Make at least half your grains whole grains - Switch to fat-free or 1% fat milk Foods to reduce - Lower sodium - Drink water instead of sugary drinks
Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel -- the bran, germ, and endosperm.
Examples : whole-wheat flour, Oatmeal, brown rice
Refined grains have been milled, a process that removes the bran and germ. This is done to give grains a finer texture and improve their shelf life, but it also removes dietary fiber, iron, and many B vitamins.