José Refugio Cruz Abraham Cruz Candelario Cruz Juan Cruz Karen Cruz
José Refugio Cruz (great-great-grandfather)
Birth date unknown
Year of death unknown
He lived through the Mexican Revolution in his later years.
Married Maria de la Luz Perales
My great-great-grandfather lived in town/village named “Hacienda Los Saucillos.”
It was later renamed as “Antonio Amaro,” which is located in the present state of Durango, Mexico.
Rise of industrialization and period of rapid economic growth in the North and West.
Civil War ended around 1865.
Exceptional wave of European migration between 1865 and 1918.
The U.S. became a leading global industrial power
Second Industrial Revolution began
At least four generations of my dad’s, as well as my mom’s, family have lived in this part of Mexico.
Abraham Cruz (great-grandfather)
Approximate date of birth and death is unknown
Married Elvira Lozano Riviera
Elvira Lozano was married to another man before meeting my great-grandfather.
He was just a child when the Mexican Revolution began in 1910, so he did not participate in the war. Neither did my great-great-grandfather.
He only had one child whose name was Candelario.
Died on February 6, 1993
His wife died on November 15, 2008 at age 97.
The U.S. entered WW1 in 1917 on the side of the Allied Powers
World War II
In 1920, the manufacture, sale, import and export of alcohol was prohibited by an amendment added to the United States Constitution.
The Immigration Act of 1924 was passed. It was aimed at further restricting the Southern and Eastern Europeans, especially Jews, Italians and Slavs, who had begun to enter the country in large numbers beginning in the 1890s.
Attack of Pearl Harbor
Abraham Cruz (con’d) “La Fiebre Malta”
When my great-grandfather was a young man, an epidemic disease spread through the states and towns of Mexico. It was called “La Fiebre Malta,” which is similar to the infectious disease, Brucellosis. This particular disease was acquired by ingesting cow’s milk and or goats’ cheese. A lot of people died after the following symptoms: fever, weakness, sweating, and vague pains. Supposedly, so many people had died, that bodies were simply wrapped into blankets then thrown into holes in the ground. (Source: Maria Ines Gutierrez, wife of my grandfather, Candelario Cruz.)
Candelario Cruz (grandfather)
Born on February 2, 1942 in Antonio Amaro (area of Durango, Mexico)
He was the only child, but his mother was married to another man before meeting his own biological father, so he has half sisters.
As a child and a young man, he helped his father in fields by harvesting crops and growing other products that were to be sold in the local market.
Married Maria Ines Gutierrez
He had his first child when he was 24 years old.
He has 12 children: 6 girls and 6 boys.
Civil Rights Movement
Jim Crow laws ended and the right to vote was given to blacks in the South
Military alliance called North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO was passed
U.S. fought in both the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
John F. Kennedy was assassinated
Juan Cruz (my dad)
Born on December 27, 1965 in Durango, Mexico
He is the oldest of twelve.
Came to Houston, Texas in 1984.
He attended Jefferson Davis High School.
After graduating, he moved to Atlanta, Georgia.
He resided there for only two months, and then he traveled up to Boston, Massachusetts.
(Ronald Regan was president during this time.)
He stayed in Boston for some time before returning to Mexico. Back in Mexico, he met my mother and they married in 1991.
Then they moved to Boston, Massachusetts and lived there for 9 years.
My mom (Margarita Galvan Montelongo) had my sister and me in Boston.
Continuation of the Cold War with its Space Race to put man on the Moon
Economy was prosperous until early 1970s when oil prices went up
Time period includes last year of Jimmy Carter’s presidency
Ronald Reagan became president who served for eight years
The second largest stock market crash
I was born in Boston, Massachusetts at Brigham And Women’s Hospital.
We lived in Boston for 4 years.
Then we moved down to Atlanta, Georgia.
When I was 5 years old we moved to Dacula, Georgia.
I have a younger sister, a younger brother, and an older sister.
I was baptized in Mexico.
George W. Bush was inaugurated as the 43rd president.
Two hijacked jetliners crashed into the twin towers of World Trade Center in a terrorist attack against the U.S. More than 3,000 people died in the attacks September 11, 2001.
The Iraq War begun on March 19, 2003.
The Space shuttle named Columbia exploded on its way back to Earth. It killed seven astronauts on board. This event happened on February 1, 2003.
Hurricane Katrina damaged Mississippi and Louisiana. About 80% of New Orleans flooded.
The Virginia Tech massacre occurred on April 16, 2007. A male student killed two students in a dorm. Two hours later, he killed more than 30 in a classroom before committing suicide. Fifteen others were wounded.