History of Portugal

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History of Portugal

  1. 1. History of Portugal<br />By Karee Ann Klein<br />
  2. 2. Early History<br />Named after the Roman name PortusCale<br />Located on the Southwestern tip of Europe<br />Celts invaded Portugal and married the natives<br />This formed various ethnic groups<br />The first Celtic language, Tartessian, originated in the south of Portugal<br />Rome invaded in 219 BC<br />In the 5th century, Germanic tribes invaded<br />Islamic Moors invaded in 711<br />Portugal gained independence as a country in 1065<br />
  3. 3. Portuguese Empire<br />In 1095, Portugal separated from the Kingdom of Galacia<br />Portugal became a nation on June 24, 1128<br />Battle of Sao Mamede<br />The Portuguese Empire began on July 25, 1415<br />King John I, his wife, and his sons departed to Ceuta, an Islamic trade center in North Africa<br />Portugal conquered Ceuta<br />Muslim civil war was occurring<br />Muhammad IX tried to recapture Ceuta, but was unable to<br />Portugal has had very stable boundaries throughout history<br />King John I<br />
  4. 4. Portuguese Exploration<br />Gil Eanes began exploration of Africa in 1434<br />He sailed around the Cape Bojador, south of Morocco<br />Europeans knew very little about Africa south of Morocco<br />Henry the Navigator<br />One of King John I’s sons<br />Lead patron of maritime exploration<br />The Portuguese built a castle on the island of Arguim in 1448<br />The castle was used as a trading post with inland Africa<br />Portuguese reached the Gold Coast<br />Goal Coast is located in present day Ghana<br />In 1471, they built a fortress on the Gold Coast<br />Henry the Navigator<br />
  5. 5. Portuguese Trade and Colonization<br />Portugal rejected Columbus’s idea of reaching India from the west<br />Treaty of Tordesillas<br />Signed with Spain in 1494<br />Divided the undiscovered world between Spain and Portugal<br />Portuguese nobleman Bartolomeu Dias turned the Cape of Good Hope in 1487<br />Opened up the European world trade with the east<br />Vasco de Gama sailed to India<br />Pedro Alvares Cabral led a fleet of ships west to open sea trade with the east<br />Discovered Brazil and claimed the land for Portugal<br />Portugal became the first country to begin globalization<br />

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