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History of ballet

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History of ballet History of ballet Presentation Transcript

  • History of Ballet
    Karee Ann Klein
  • Origins
    • Ballet was developed in the royal courts during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century.
    It was designed as a dance interpretation of the popular sport of fencing
    Dress was formal, women’s gowns covered their ankle
    • Italian royal Catherine de’Medici introduced ballet to France
    Married Henry II of France when they were both 14
    Supported the arts financially
    • The Ballet Comique de la Reine was the first ballet performed in Paris, France in 1581 in Catherine de’Medici’s court.
  • Ballet in France
    • Ballet was further developed by dance enthusiast King Louis XIV of France.
    Formalized vocabulary in French
    Founded the AcadémieRoyale de Dansein 1661
    • Pierre Beauchamp was Louis XIV’s dance instructor
    Codified the fivepositions of hands and feet.
    • Louis XIV founded the Académied'Opérain Paris
    Ballet was not performed independent of opera yet.
    • Jean-Georges Noverre developed ballet d'action
    Dancers showed emotion and character through dance
    This allowed ballet to tell a story
    • The technique of pointework was developed
    Means “on tips of the toes”
    Boxed toe shoes were created to support pointe
    • Marie Taglioni was a famous ballerina
    She is known for scandalously shortening her skirt to show off her pointe work
    Development as an Art Form
  • Ballet Around the World
    • Ballet flourished in Russia and Denmark
    • Russian Marius Petipacollaborated with various composers and choreographers to create over fifty ballets
    • Includes some of today’s most famous ballets: The Nutcracker, Sleeping Beauty, and Swan Lake
    • After World War II, Russian companies went on tours around the world
    • Brought ballet to the West