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Colombia
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Colombia

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    Colombia Colombia Presentation Transcript

    • Colombia
      Karee Ann Klein
    • Geography
      Located in northern South America
      Connects to Central America
      Bogotá is the capital
      Highest city of its size in the world (8,500 ft)
      Bordered by:
      • Venezuela
      • Brazil
      • Ecuador
      • Peru
      • Panama
      • Caribbean Sea
      • Pacific Ocean
    • Geography cont.
      Part of the Ring of Fire
      Subjected to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
      Includes diverse regions:
      Andes mountain range
      Savanna of Llanos
      Orinoco River basin
      Amazon rainforest
      Colombia’s territory includes several Caribbean and Pacific Islands
    • People
      Population is approx. 46 million (2008)
      Third most populous country in Latin America
      Most people live in the Andean highlands and along the Caribbean coast
      Main language is Spanish
      Fourth largest number of Spanish speakers in the world
      Religion
      Predominantly Christianity (95%), 81-90% are Roman Catholic
      Less than 1% practice indigenous religions, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism
      Many reported that they do not practice their faith actively
    • People cont.
      Estimated ethnic break down:
      58% Mestizo
      Mixed European and Amerindian
      26% White
      Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, German
      14% Afro Colombian
      Mixed African and European
      1% Amerindian
      Indigenous
    • Culture
      There are very strong regional identities because of the diverse, isolating landscape of Colombia
      Catholicism unites the diverse cultures
      There are many religious celebrations and festivals
      Education
      Basic education (1st-11th grade) is required by law
      In many rural areas, only 1st-5th grade is offered for lack of qualified teachers
    • Culture cont.
      Other things that unite Colombians:
      Music and dance
      Popular genres include cumbia and vallenato
      Sports
      Football is the biggest sport in Colombia
      The Colombian Football Federation was founded in 1924
      Television
      Telenovelasare very popular
      Betty La Feahas had several adaptations in other countries, including the US and Mexico
    • History
      The Spanish came to Colombia in the 1500’s
      Santa Marta was established as the first permanent settlement July 29, 1525 by Rodrigo de Bastidas
      The territory became known as the New Kingdom of Granada
      There were several rebel movements
      In 1810 Antonio Nariño led a rebellion which began la Patria Boba, meaning “the Foolish Fatherland”
      This lasted six years and was full of conflicts over the way the country should be governed
      SimónBolívar led a rebellion that resulted in the independence from Spain in 1819
      Bolívar became the first President and Francisco de Paula Santander became Vice President
    • History cont.
      After gaining independence, civil wars plagued the struggling country
      This included the Thousand Days civil war, which lasted from 1899-1902
      In 1903, Panama separated from Colombia
      • The US influenced this through building the Panama Canal
      • The US paid Colombia $25 million in 1921 after the canal was built in compensation for losing Panama
      After brief political stability, conflicts rose again between the political parties in the 1940’s-50’s
      This period became known as La Violencia
    • Sources
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colombia