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    ADHD ADHD Presentation Transcript

    • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder By: Karalyn Bridgeman & Kelly Savage
        • Children will find it hard to concentrate and focus   
        •   Most common in children as that is when it starts 
        • Appears in childhood, adolescence, adulthood 
        • More common in boys
        • It is estimated that 3-10% of school age children are affected.
        • Most people who have ADHD have average intellectual potential
        • People with ADHD often struggle with academics causing them to have a learning disability.
        • High Activity Level
        • trouble sitting still
        • difficult to do quiet activities
        • constantly moving around
        • touching things, playing with anything in sight
        • Impulsivity, lack of Self Control & Concentration
        • restless, overactive, fidgety
        • constantly talking & interrupting
        • Inattentive
        • Difficulty changing activities
        • hard time waiting in line or waiting his/her turn
        • Aggressive Behavior & Easily overstimulated
        • Socially immature
        • Low self-esteem & high frustration
        • ***NOTE: Not all symptoms apply to each child. Any of these behaviors is normal in children to a certain degree***
      • Type 1: Predominantly Inattentive
      • Difficultly organizing & finishing a task, 
      • Hard time paying attention - details & instructions, 
      • Children are less likely to act out, 
      • Easily get along with other students, 
      • Sits quietly & still, but is not paying attention, 
      • Type 2: Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive
      • fidgets & talks a lot, 
      • restless & impulsive - interrupt others, speak at inappropriate times & grab things to play with, 
      • hard time waiting his/her turn or listening to directions, 
      • younger child - constantly jump, run, climb, 
      • This person will experience more injuries and/or accidents!
      • Type 3: Combined
      • Most children have this type
      • It is type 1 & 2 combined
      • Main cause:  Genetics / Heredity
      • Other Factors/ Causes:
        • Biological/Physical factors:
          • Neurological inefficiency in the brain that controls impulses.
        •   Complication/Trauma during birth:
          • Brain injuries
        • Lead Poisoning
        •   Diet:
          • Sugar, Food additives (coloring) & allergies
        • Prenatal Alcohol/ Drug exposure:
          • neurological damage
        • Stimulents:
          • Ritalin, Dexedrine, Cylert, Adderall, Desoxyn Gradumet tablets.
          • These stimulate the part of the brain that is underworking.
          • Last 3-4 hours
        • Family Counseling
        • Individual Counseling
        • Cognitive Therapy
        • Parent and Child Education on ADHD 
        • Diagnoses:  
      • Between ages 3 & 6
      • With the parents ok a school physiologist will do a Connors tests.
      • If there is concern the results will be sent to the parents with a letter describing the results.
      • From there the parents must take their child to a Psychiatrist or a family physician for further diagnosis.
      • Modifying assignments so that they have less written work load
      • Limit homework
      • Create more time for assessments
      • Have varied methods of communication: for example signal students to gain attention: lights, hands, silence, whistle, mystery, music
      • Assist with organization
      • Look into environmental Modifications :visual aids, colour, pointer, hands-on, maintain visibility
      • Teacher Flexibility, commitment and willingness: make changes and accommodations as needed.
      • Training and knowledge about ADHD
      • Close communication between home and school
      • Providing clarity & structure:
      • Creative & engaging teaching
      • Teamwork with administrative support
      • Respective student privacy & confidentiality
      • Create seating arrangement so that the student is: close to teacher (with minimal distractions), surrounded by focused students, and avoid putting them near doors & windows
      • Teacher circulation is important
      • The teacher needs to be able to maneuver easily 
      • Needs to be Sensitive about students feelings
      • Electronic organizers
      • Resource Room
      • Computers
      • Personal clock
      • Portable word processors
      • Audio books
      • Stress balls
      • Bean bag weights
      • Bridgeman, Julie. Personal Interview. Jan 24 th 2011.
      • Lawrence H. Diller, M.D. Running on Ritalin 1996 Harper Perennial
      • National Institute of Mental Health (2008) U.S. Department of Health & Human Resources. www.nimh.nih.org
      • Rief, Sandra F. (1993). How to Reach and Teach ADD/ADHD Children. The Center for Applied Research In Education, West Nyack, N.Y.
      • Silver, Larry B. "Attention Deficit Disorders." 
      • (2011), What is ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)? MediLexicon International Ltd. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/adhd/