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Constitutional Convention Powerpoint Constitutional Convention Powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • Constitutional Convention Project AP American History By: Kara King & Troy Miller
  • Events and Economic conditions after the Revolutionary War
    • Economic depression
    • No states south of Pennsylvania abolished slavery
    • Shay’s Rebellion
  • Shay’s Rebellion
    • Started in 1786
    • Hard taxes to pay off the States war debt made Massachusetts farmers rebel.
    • Led by Daniel Slay
    • Created panic
    • This made many people feel that a strong government was needed to control such violent acts
  • Five Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
    • Disagreement over status of land west of the 13 colonies.
    • The country was suffering deep financial troubles.
    • Congress printed of large amounts of money to finance the Revolution Continentals-led to inflation
    • Took loans from France and Netherlands
    • Plan to give articles power to tax but was stopped by one vote from Rhode Island.
  • The Constitutional Convention
    • Where?
    • 53 delegates met in absolute secrecy in Philadelphia in Independence hall
    • 30 delegates attended every day
    • When?
    • Summer of 1787
    • The Purpose?
    • The goal was to revise the Articles of Confederation
    • It was quickly decided to replace it
  • Key people and their contributions to the Constitutional Convention
    • George Washington
    • President of Convention
    • May 25 and present through signing
    • Supported ratifying the Constitution
    • Ben Franklin
    • Arrived May 28 and present through signing
    • Attendant of Pennsylvania
    • James Madison
    • Arrived may 25 through signing of Constitution
    • Writing Virginia Plan
    • Kept notes on Constitution that public would see
    • Alexander Hamilton
    • Presented through signing May 25
    • Introduction and defense of the Hamilton Plan-June 18, 1787
    • Secretary of Treasury
    • John Jay
    • Governor of New York
    • Leader of Federalist Party
    • Chief Justice of Supreme Court
    • Abolitionist
    • Did not attend the Convention
  • Key people and their contributions to the Constitutional Convention
    • Thomas Paine
    • Founding Father of the United States
    • Secretary of Foreign Affairs
    • Patrick Henry
    • Anti-Federalist
    • Opposed replacement of Articles of Confederation (endangered individual freedom)
  • Delegates of the States Represented
    • George Washington-Virginia
    • Benjamin Franklin-Pennsylvania
    • James Madison-Virginia
    • Alexander Hamilton-New York
    • John Jay-New York
    • Thomas Paine-Pennsylvania
    • Patrick Henry-Virginia
  • Virginia Plan vs. New Jersey Plan
    • Virginia Plan
    • Supported by big states
    • Bicameral (2 houses)
    • 1-elected by people, 2-elected by first house
    • # of congress determined by population
    • New Jersey
    • Supported by small states
    • Unicameral (1 house)
    • Based on equality
    • Each state same # of Representatives
    • The Great Compromise
    • Bicameral (2 house)
    • House of Representatives determined by population
    • Senate (each state has 2)
  • 3/5 Compromise
    • South wanted slaves to count in population
    • Decided to count 3/5 total number of slaves as population
    • 5 blacks=3 whites (but slaves still couldn’t vote)
  • Federalist or Anti-Federalist???
    • Anti-Federalist
    • Without a Bill of Rights in the Constitution, the individual rights of the people are limited.
    • If too much power is given to one person, the president, then they may become too powerful and eventually dictate the country.