Constitutional Convention Powerpoint


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Constitutional Convention Powerpoint

  1. 1. Constitutional Convention Project AP American History By: Kara King & Troy Miller
  2. 2. Events and Economic conditions after the Revolutionary War <ul><li>Economic depression </li></ul><ul><li>No states south of Pennsylvania abolished slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Shay’s Rebellion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Shay’s Rebellion <ul><li>Started in 1786 </li></ul><ul><li>Hard taxes to pay off the States war debt made Massachusetts farmers rebel. </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Daniel Slay </li></ul><ul><li>Created panic </li></ul><ul><li>This made many people feel that a strong government was needed to control such violent acts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Five Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Disagreement over status of land west of the 13 colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>The country was suffering deep financial troubles. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress printed of large amounts of money to finance the Revolution Continentals-led to inflation </li></ul><ul><li>Took loans from France and Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Plan to give articles power to tax but was stopped by one vote from Rhode Island. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><li>53 delegates met in absolute secrecy in Philadelphia in Independence hall </li></ul><ul><li>30 delegates attended every day </li></ul><ul><li>When? </li></ul><ul><li>Summer of 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>The Purpose? </li></ul><ul><li>The goal was to revise the Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>It was quickly decided to replace it </li></ul>
  6. 6. Key people and their contributions to the Constitutional Convention <ul><li>George Washington </li></ul><ul><li>President of Convention </li></ul><ul><li>May 25 and present through signing </li></ul><ul><li>Supported ratifying the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Ben Franklin </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived May 28 and present through signing </li></ul><ul><li>Attendant of Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived may 25 through signing of Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Virginia Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Kept notes on Constitution that public would see </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>Presented through signing May 25 </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction and defense of the Hamilton Plan-June 18, 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Treasury </li></ul><ul><li>John Jay </li></ul><ul><li>Governor of New York </li></ul><ul><li>Leader of Federalist Party </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Justice of Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Abolitionist </li></ul><ul><li>Did not attend the Convention </li></ul>
  7. 7. Key people and their contributions to the Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Thomas Paine </li></ul><ul><li>Founding Father of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Foreign Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick Henry </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Federalist </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed replacement of Articles of Confederation (endangered individual freedom) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Delegates of the States Represented <ul><li>George Washington-Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Franklin-Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison-Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton-New York </li></ul><ul><li>John Jay-New York </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Paine-Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick Henry-Virginia </li></ul>
  9. 9. Virginia Plan vs. New Jersey Plan <ul><li>Virginia Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by big states </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral (2 houses) </li></ul><ul><li>1-elected by people, 2-elected by first house </li></ul><ul><li># of congress determined by population </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by small states </li></ul><ul><li>Unicameral (1 house) </li></ul><ul><li>Based on equality </li></ul><ul><li>Each state same # of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral (2 house) </li></ul><ul><li>House of Representatives determined by population </li></ul><ul><li>Senate (each state has 2) </li></ul>
  10. 10. 3/5 Compromise <ul><li>South wanted slaves to count in population </li></ul><ul><li>Decided to count 3/5 total number of slaves as population </li></ul><ul><li>5 blacks=3 whites (but slaves still couldn’t vote) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Federalist or Anti-Federalist??? <ul><li>Anti-Federalist </li></ul><ul><li>Without a Bill of Rights in the Constitution, the individual rights of the people are limited. </li></ul><ul><li>If too much power is given to one person, the president, then they may become too powerful and eventually dictate the country. </li></ul>