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Transcript

  • 1. Jefferson Looks West The Young United States
  • 2. Jefferson Wins Election of 1800
    • Thomas Jefferson becomes the third President on March 4, 1801.
    • During his presidency he got Congress to lower taxes it had passed under Federalists, remember he was a Democratic-Republican.
    • He also reduced the size of the government and armed forces.
  • 3. Nation Moving West
    • Pioneers- people who moved west of the Appalachian Mountains.
    • Frontier- the edge of the settlement in the west.
  • 4. How did the Native Americans feel?
    • The Native Americans claimed the lands the pioneers were settling on.
    • Fights between pioneers and Native Americans continued for some time.
    • Settlement continued. Pioneers kept pushing the edge of their settlements farther and farther west.
  • 5. Who was Daniel Boone?
    • Daniel Boone is the best known pioneer. He led people west of the Appalachian Mountains from Kentucky to Tennessee on a trail he created called the Wilderness Road.
  • 6. Life on the frontier
    • Life was hard. Everything was done by hand, from cutting down trees, to building homes, to weaving cloth. Pioneer life could also be lonely. The nearest neighbors were MILES away! Pioneers managed to build farms, homes, roads, and towns.
  • 7. Why use waterways?
    • After the pioneers settled on the Ohio River or Mississippi River they began using the waterways as trade routes. They shipped products such as wheat and pigs to the east coast and Europe through the New Orleans port.
  • 8. Spain closes the port of New Orleans to Americans
    • What do you think happened when Spain closed the port to the Americans?
    • Pioneers products could not leave the port.
    • A few months later Spain opened the port back up.
  • 9. President Jefferson’s Thoughts
    • Jefferson was concerned about the port closing.
    • He wanted to make sure New Orleans would stay open for American trade.
    • If you were President Jefferson how would you feel and what would you do?
  • 10. Louisiana Purchase
    • In 1803, France took control of Louisiana. President Jefferson sent James Monroe to Paris to buy New Orleans for 2 million dollars!!!
    • Napolean did not want to sell at first but made a surprising offer. He wanted to sell them the entire Louisiana Territory for 15 million dollars! Monroe agreed. Louisiana was now part of the U.S.
  • 11. Lewis and Clark
    • President Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark to explore the Louisiana Territory to:
      • Search for a water route to the Pacific Ocean.
      • Establish relationships with the Native Americans they met.
      • Pay close attention to its plants, animals, minerals, climate, and to keep a careful, written records of their findings.
  • 12. Lewis and Clark
    • Lewis Clark
  • 13. Sacagawea
    • Lewis and Clark hired Sacagawea and her husband to act as interpreters and guides. Sacagawea helped created good relationships with Native Americans along the way. She also helped translate Indian languages for the expedition.
  • 14. The Return
    • Lewis and Clark returned in September 1806. They had not found a water route to the Pacific but they had recorded and described thousands of varieties of plants and animals. They even brought some back for Jefferson to examine. The had also mapped a vast area. They had been gone 28 months.
  • 15. Lewis and Clark’s Map