Aircraft Carrier Cv (2)

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U.S. Navy aircraft carrier series (CV-25-49). …

U.S. Navy aircraft carrier series (CV-25-49).
USA Haditengerészet repülőgéphordozó sorozat.

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  • My company, SD ModelWorks offers museum quality replica models of ANY Naval Vessel, from ANY period, in ANY Scale. Visit our Aircraft Carrier photo gallery in our Naval Warship seciton of our website at www.sdmodelworks.com.
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  • Dear Friend, Many amazing aircraft carrier and information and will be a blessing to the lucky person to find all this here especially those who assembled big toy ship using glue to build the little parts together or navy staff (the effort put in is tremendous, lots of reaearch and organization). Have a nice day.
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  • Dear Friend, So beautiful and tremendous effort here. All this aircraft carrier slides will definitely be a great asset to those who love ship assembly glueing of the parts into a carrier. Thanks to this sharing.
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  • 1. Aircraft Carrier Class – CV 2. Independence (3+6), Essex (13+11), Midway (3), Saipan (2)
  • 2. USS COWPENS   (CV-25) ( later CVL-25 and AVT-1) CLASS - INDEPENDENCE Light Aircraft Carrier Displacement: 11,000 tons standard; 15,100 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 600' x 71' 6" x 26'  /  182.9 x 21.8 x 7.9 meters, (max.): 622' 6" x 109' 2"  /  189.7 x 33.3 meters Armor: no side belt (2" belt over fwd magazine); 2" protective deck(s); 0.38" bridge; 5"/3.75" bhds; 5" bhds, 2.25" above, 0.75" below steering gear Armament: 2 single 5"/38 gun mounts (soon removed); 2 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts (in place of 5" mounts); 8 (soon 9) twin 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 16 single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts; Aircraft: 30+ Aviation facilities: 2 centerline elevators; 1 hydraulic catapult Power plant: 4 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 geared turbines; 4 shafts; 100,000 shp (design) Speed: 31.6 knots; Endurance (design): 12,500 nautical miles @ 15 knots Crew: approx. 1,560 Operational and Building Data Ordered as the Cleveland-class light cruiser Huntington (CL-77). Contract awarded to New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, N.J. Laid down 17 November 1941. Reordered as an aircraft carrier in March 1942; renamed Cowpens and redesignated CV-25. Launched 17 January 1943 and commissioned 28 May 1943. Redesignated as a "Light Aircraft Carrier" (CVL-25) on 15 July 1943. Placed "in commission, in reserve " at Mare Island 3 December 1946 and decommissioned 13 January 1947. Reclassified as an "Aircraft Transport", with hull number AVT-1, on 15 May 1959, while in reserve. Cowpens received a Navy Unit Commendation and 12 battle stars for World War II service. FATE: Stricken from the Navy List on 1 November 1959 and sold for scrap in 1960. Radio Call Sign: November - Bravo - Golf - Yankee
  • 3. Namesake
    • The Battle of Cowpens (January 17, 1781) was an overwhelming victory by American Revolutionary forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. It was a turning point in the reconquest of South Carolina from the British, and an American tactical masterpiece. In upland South Carolina, at a place where local farmers penned their cows, an American force of 300 Continentals and 700 militia from North and South Carolina, Virginia, and Georgia, won a brilliant victory against the British. The British lost: 100 killed including 39 officers, 229 wounded, and 600 captured. The american lost: 25 killed, 124 wounded. As they fled the field, Banastre Tarleton and his dragoons were pursued by Colonel William Washington's cavalry, which included mounted Georgia and South Carolina militiamen. Many historians consider this battle to be the turning point of the American Revolution in the Southern Campaign and perhaps the "greatest tactical victory ever won on American soil".
    • "The Battle of
    • Cowpens„
    • painting © by
    • Don Troiani.
    A Cowpens csata (1781. január 17-e) egy elsöprő amerikai győzelem a Függetlenségi háborúban, amit Daniel Morgan dandár tábornok kényszerített ki a háború déli hadszínterén. Ez egy fordulópont volt Dél-Karolina britektől való elszakadásában, függetlenségének helyreállításában, és egyben egy amerikai harcászati mestermű volt. Dél-Karolina felföldjén, egy olyan helyen, ahol a helyi farmerek a teheneiket legeltették, egy 300 fős kontinentális amerikai erőből és a 700 fős Northból, a Virginiai Dél-Karolinából és Georgiából verbuvált nemzetőr sereg ragyogó győzelmet aratott a britek felett. Banastre Tarleton csapatait William Washington ezredes Georgiai és Dél-Karolinai nemzetőr lovassága elüldözte a csatamezőről. A britek 110 főt veszítettek, beleértve a 39 tisztviselőt, megsebesült 229 fő, fogságba esett 900 fő. Az amerikai veszteség 25 fő és 124 fő sebesült. Sok történész véli úgy, hogy ez a csata az amerikai forradalom fordulópontja a Southern Campaignben és talán a leglegnagyobbabb taktikai győzelem valaha amerikai talajon győzött. „ A Cowpens csata" Don Troiani © festménye.
  • 4. Mare Island, 12 May 1945 USS Cowpens (CVL-25)
  • 5. USS MONTEREY   (CV-26) ( later CVL-26 and AVT-2) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Foxtrot - November - Delta Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                                                                             Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: American Campaign Medal 2nd Row: Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (11 stars) / World War II Victory Medal / Navy Occupation Service Medal ("Asia" clasp) 3rd Row: National Defense Service Medal (Korea) / Philippine Presidential Unit Citation / Philippine Liberation Medal (2 stars) CLASS - INDEPENDENCE Light Aircraft Carrier Displacement (design): 11,000 tons standard; 15,100 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 600' x 71' 6" x 26' (max)  /  182.9 x 21.8 x 7.9 (max) meters (max.): 622' 6" x 109' 2"  /  189.7 x 33.3 meters Armor: 5"-3.25" belt (2" belt over fwd magazine); 2" protective deck(s); 0.38" bridge; 5"/3.75" bhds; 5" bhds, 2.25" above, 0.75" below steering gear Power plant: 4 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 geared turbines; 4 shafts; 100,000 shp (design); Speed: 31+ knots Endurance (design): 12,500 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 2 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 8 (soon 9) twin 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 16 single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 30+ Aviation facilities: 2 centerline elevators; 1 hydraulic catapult (H 2-1) Crew: approx. 1,560 Operational and Building Data Ordered on 9 September 1940 as a Cleveland -class light cruiser CL-78. Laid down 29 Dec 1941; Named Dayton for a city in the State of Ohio. Designated for completion as an aircraft carrier was reordered from New York S.B., 18 March 1942, and redesignated CV-26, 27 March 1942. Renamed Monterey , 31 March 1942, Launched on Sunday, February 28, 1943 Commissioned 17 Jun 1943. Reclassified as a "Small Aircraft Carrier" and redesignated CVL-26, 15 July 1943. Decommissioned 11 Feb 1947, Recommissioned as a training carrier in 15 Sep 1950, she served in that role until replaced by USS (CVL-48) in mid-1955. Reclassified as an "Auxiliary Aircraft Transport" and redesignated AVT-2, 15 May 1959, while in reserve. Fate: Stricken 1 Jun 1970, Ex- Monterey remained berthed at Philadelphia until she was sold for scrapping in May 1971. Saipan
  • 6. Namesake
    • Renamed Monterey , 31 March 1942, after a city in California, captured during the Mexican War by a landing force of 250 Marines and bluejackets under Captain William Mervine, USMC, 7 July 1846. Two previous US warships had borne this name. The city of Monterey, south of San Francisco, was founded by the Spanish in 1598 and named for Gaspar de Zúñiga y Acevedo, 5th Count of Monterey (actually spelled "Monterrey" in Spanish) and 9th Viceroy of New Spain ( Nueva España ). [Story Zorro.]
    • Sponsored by Mrs. Patrick N. L. Bellinger, wife of RADM Bellinger, at the time Chief of Staff to the Commander In Chief of the US Fleet (ADM Ernest J. King) and soon-to-be Commander, Air Force, Atlantic Fleet.
    • A hajót 1942. március 31-én átkeresztelték Montereyre, egy Kaliforniában levő város után, amit William Mervine kapitány vezetésével 250 tengerészgyalogos és kéksapkás (USMC) a Mexikói háború alatt, 1846. július 7-én elfoglalt. Két előző amerikai hadihajó is viselte már ezt a nevet. A San Franciscótól délre lévő várost, Montereyt 1598-ban alapították a spanyolok és elnevezték Gaspar de Zúñigáról y Acevedo, 5. Count Monterey (spanyolul Monterrey) és 9. Viceroy New Spain (Nueva España). [Zorro történet.]
    • Szponzor Mrs. Patrick N. L. Bellinger, Bellinger ellentengernagy - USA Flotta (Ernest J. King tengernagy) Hadműveleti helyettese, később a 2. (Atlanti óceáni ) Flotta Légierő parancsnoka - felesége.
  • 7. Story
    • She departed Japanese waters 7 September, having embarked troops at Tokyo, and steamed home, arriving New York City 17 October. Monterey left behind an impressive and enviable war record. Her planes sank five enemy warships, and damaged others. She was responsible for the destruction of thousands of tons of Japanese shipping, hundreds of planes, and vital industrial complexes. Monterey received 11 battle stars for World War II service.
    • She was assigned “Magic Carpet” duty, and made several voyages between Naples and Norfolk. She decommissioned 11 February 1947, and was assigned to the Atlantic Reserve Fleet, Philadelphia Group.
    • With the outbreak of hostilities in Korea, Monterey recommissioned 15 September 1950. She departed Norfolk 3 January 1951, and proceeded to Pensacola, Fla., where she operated for the next 4 years under the Naval Training Command, training thousands of naval aviation cadets, student pilots, and helicopter trainees.
    • Between 1 and 11 October 1954, she took part in a flood rescue mission in Honduras. She departed Pensacola 9 June 1955, and steamed to rejoin the Atlantic Reserve Fleet, Philadelphia Group.
    • She decommissioned 16 January 1956. Reclassified AVT‑2 on 15 May 1959, she remains berthed at Philadelphia into 1969.
    • 1945. Szeptember 7-én miután Tokióban beszálltak a csapatok elhagyta a japán vizeket és október 17-én megérkezett New York városba. Monterey rekordot döntött a lenyűgöző, hősi háborúban. A repülőgépei elsüllyesztettek öt ellenséges hadihajót, és sokat megrongáltak. Ő rombolta szét a japánból szállított több ezer tonna felszerelést, melyben több száz repülőgép is volt, továbbá a létfontosságú ipari komplexumokat . Monterey 2. világháborús érdemeit a 11 csatacsillag jelzi.
    • Új feladata a „Magic Carpet” művelet, melynek keretében többször fordult Nápoly és Norfolk között. A szolgálatból 1947. február 11-én felfüggesztették és az Atlanti Flotta tartalékába helyezték, a Philadelphia cseporthoz.
    • A koreai háború kitörésével, 1950. szeptember 15-én a Montereyt is mét szolgálatba helyezték. 1951. január 3-án elhagyta Norfolkot, és áttért Pensacolára, FLA., ahol a következő 4 évben a Haditengerészeti Kiképző Parancsnokság alatt több ezer haditengerészeti légierő-kadét, diákpilóta és helikoptergyakornok képzésében vett részt.
    • 1954. október 1 és 11 között egy árvízi mentőakcióban vett részt Hondurasban. 1955. június 9-én elhagyta Pensacolát, és visszahajózott az Atlanti Flottához, ismét a Philadelphia csoport tartalékába.
    • 1956. január 16-án ismét szolgálatba állt. Átépítették és "Auxiliary Aircraft Transport" (Segéd repülőgép-szállító) osztályba sorolták, AVT‑2 jelzéssel, 1959. május 15-én. 1969-ben végleg leszerelt és kikötött Philadelphiánál.
  • 8. Commanding Officers
    • Captain Lester T. Hundt 14 June 1943 – 10 April 1944
    • Captain Stuart H. Ingersoll 10 April 1944 – 28 January 1945
    • Commander Frank B. Miller 28 January 1945 – 20 March 1945  (*)
    • Captain John B. Lyons 20 March 1945 – 11 February 1946
    • (*)   During major repairs.
  • 9.  
  • 10. USS LANGLEY    (CVL-27) Operational and Building Data Ordered as the Cleveland-class light cruiser Fargo (CL-85). Built by New York Shipbuilding. Reordered as carrier, renamed Crown Point and redesignated CV 27 31 March 1942. Laid down 11 April 1942; renamed Langley 13 Nov 1942; launched 22 May 1943, commissioned 31 Aug 1943. Redesignated CVL 27 15 July 1943. Served with the Carrier TF during WWII. Decommissioned to reserve 11 Feb 1947. FATE :  Transferred to France 8 Jan 1951, overhauled during reactivation. Renamed La Fayette and commissioned into French service 2 June 1951, designated R96. Returned to US custody 20 March 1963; stricken for disposal on the same date; scrapped at Baltimore in 1964. CLASS - INDEPENDENCE Light Aircraft Carrier Displacement (design): 11,000 tons standard; 15,100 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 600' x 71' 6" x 26' (max)  /  182.9 x 21.8 x 7.9 (max) meters Dimensions (max.): 622' 6" x 109' 2"  /  189.7 x 33.3 meters Armor: 5"-3.25" belt (2" belt over fwd magazine); 2" protective deck(s); 0.38" bridge; 5"/3.75" bhds; 5" bhds, 2.25" above, 0.75" below steering gear Power plant: 4 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 geared turbines; 4 shafts; 100,000 shp (design) Speed: 31,5+ knots Endurance (design): 12,500 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 2 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 8 (soon 9) twin 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 16 single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 30 Aviation facilities: 2 centerline elevators; 1 hydraulic catapult (H 2-1) Crew: approx. 1,569 Aircraft Carrier CV-1 >>
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13. USS CABOT   (CVL-28) ( later AVT-3) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Foxtrot - Delta - Yankee Class: INDEPENDENCE As built: Displacement: 11,000 tons (15,100 fl) — Dimensions: 600' wl (622' 6" oa) x 71' 6" (109' 2" fd) x 26' (max) / 182.9 wl (189.7 oa) x 21.8 (33.3 fd) x 7.9 (max) meters — Armor: 1.5"-5" belt, 3" main deck, 0.38" bridge — Power plant: 4 565-psi boilers, 4 geared turbines, 4 screws; 100,000 shp — Speed: 31.6 knots — Endurance (design): 12,500 nm @ 15 knots — Armament: 26 40-mm (2x4, 9x2); 16 20-mm — Aircraft: 30+ — Aviation facilities: 2 elevators; 1 hydraulic catapult — Crew: approx. 1,560 Operational and Building Data Ordered as the Cleveland -class light cruiser Wilmington (CL-79). Contract awarded to New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, N.J. Laid down 16 Mar 1942. Reordered as carrier and redesignated CV-28, 2 Jun 1942; renamed Cabot 23 Jun 1942. Launched 4 Apr 1943. Redesignated as "Light Aircraft Carrier" (CVL-28) 15 Jul 1943. Commissioned 24 Jul 1943. She was awarded a Presidential Unit Citation and nine "Battle Stars" for service during WW II; damaged by kamikaze 25 Nov 1944. Decommissioned to reserve 11 Feb 1947. Recommissioned 27 Oct 1948 as a Naval Air Reserve training carrier . Modernized for ASW support in Mar 1950-Feb 1951. Decommissioned to reserve 21 Jan 1955. Reclassified as an "Aircraft Transport" and redesignated AVT-3, 15 May 1959, while in reserve. Overhauled at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard (1965-67) in preparation for transfer to Spain. Loaned to Spain, renamed Dédalo and commissioned 30 Aug 1967; she was used as an ASW helicopter carrier and designated PH-01. Stricken from US NVR 1 Aug 1972; sold to Spain 5 Dec 1972. Reclassified as an aircraft carrier and redesignated PA-01, 28 Sep 1976, shortly before she began operating Harrier s. Redesignated R-01, in accordance to NATO practice, in 1980. FATE : Stricken from the Spanish Navy List, 5 Aug 1989, at New Orleans, and donated to a private organization for preservation as a museum ship. Plans to memorialize her, however, met with no success in subsequent years (see Hazegray & Underway ); she was sold for scrapping in 1997 and towed to Port Isabel, TX (18 Oct), then to Brownsville (9 Aug 1998). Further efforts to preserve the last of the World War II CVLs failed, too, and stripping work began in Oct 2000; as of mid-2002, scrapping was nearing completion (visit USS Cabot Museum for more information and photos).
  • 14.
    • CVL-28 was named after Giovanni Caboto (1450?-1499?), a Venetian navigator better known to the English-speaking world by the anglicized form of his name, John Cabot. Although most details of Cabot's life and voyages are a subject of debate among historians, it is certain that he was the first European (after the Vikings) to reach the North American continent, June 24, 1497 while sailing under the sponsorship of King Henry VII of England. On the ground that Cabot had been the first explorer to reach the mainland, England later claimed all of North America.
    • The picture shows a monument to John Cabot located near Cape Bonavista Lighthouse, Newfoundland, Canada.
    CVL-28 was named after Giovanni Caboto (1450?-1499?), a Venetian navigator better known to the English-speaking world by the anglicized form of his name, John Cabot. Although most details of Cabot's life and voyages are a subject of debate among historians, it is certain that he was the first European (after the Vikings) to reach the North American continent, June 24, 1497 while sailing under the sponsorship of King Henry VII of England. On the ground that Cabot had been the first explorer to reach the mainland, England later claimed all of North America. The picture shows a monument to John Cabot located near Cape Bonavista Lighthouse, Newfoundland, Canada.
  • 15.  
  • 16. In Spanish Service Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : Echo - Bravo - November - Yankee Bronsville, 2002
  • 17. USS BATAAN   (CVL-29) ( later AVT-4) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Foxtrot - Golf - Juliet CLASS - INDEPENDENCE Displacement 11,000 Tons, Dimensions, 622' 6" (oa) x 71' 6" x 26' (Max) Armament 24 x 40mm, 22 x 20mm AA, 30 Aircraft. Armor , 5" Belt, 2" Decks, 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 100,000 SHP; G.E. Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 31.5 Knots, Crew 1569. Operational and Building Data Ordered on 16 Dec 1940 as a Cleveland -class light cruiser; designated CL-99. Named Buffalo after a city in the western part of the State of New York. Laid down 31 Aug 1942 Designated for completion as an aircraft carrier, was renamed Bataan (CV-29) and reordered from New York S.B. on 2 June 1942. Launched 1 Aug 1943 Reclassified as a "Small Aircraft Carrier" and redesignated CVL-29, 15 July 1943. Commissioned 17 Nov 1943, Decommissioned 11 Feb 1947. Commissioned 13 May 1950, refitted as an ASW carrier under FY49 (SCB-54 project), but was used for conventional air strikes and aircraft transport during the Korean War. Decommissioned 9 Apr 1954. Reclassified as an "Auxiliary Aircraft Transport" and redesignated AVT-4, 15 May 1959, while in reserve. Fate: Stricked 1 Sep 1959, Sold for scrap in May 1961.
  • 18.
    • Named after the Bataan peninsula, on Luzon island, Philippine Islands, the scene of heroic resistance by American and Filipino defenders against an overwhelming Japanese invading force during the initial phase of America's participation in World War II. (6 Jan 1941 – 8 Apr 1942)
    • S ponsored by Mrs. George D. Murray;
    • Capt. Valentine H. Schaeffer in command.
    • A hajót a Fülöp-szigetekhez tartozó Luzon sziget Bataan félszigetről nevezték el, mely a II. világháború alatt az amerikai és filippinó védők hősies ellenállásának helyszíne, egyben kezdeti fázisa az elsöprő erejű japán lerohanó csapatok megállításának.
    • Sz pon z or by Mrs. George D. Murray;
    • Első parancsnok Valentine H. Schaeffer kapitány .
  • 19.  
  • 20. USS SAN JACINTO   (CVL-30) ( later AVT-5) CLASS - INDEPENDENCE small aircraft carrier Displacement 11,000 Tons, Dimensions, 622' 6" (oa) x 71' 6" x 26' (Max) Armament 24 x 40mm, 22 x 20mm AA, 30 Aircraft. Armor , 5" Belt, 2" Decks, 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 100,000 SHP; G.E. Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 31.5 Knots, Crew 1569. Operational and Building Data Ordered as the Cleveland-class light cruiser Newark (CL-100). Built by New York Shipbuilding. Reordered as carrier, renamed Reprisal and redesignated CV-30 2 June 1942; laid down 26 Oct 1942; renamed San Jacinto 6 June 1943; redesignated CVL-30 15 July 1943; launched 29 Sept 1943, commissioned 15 Dec 1943. FATE : Redesignated CVL 30 15 July 1943. Served with the Carrier TF during WWII. Decommissioned to reserve 1 March 1947. Redesignated as aviation transport (AVT 5) 5/59 while in reserve. Stricken for disposal 1 June 1970 and subsequently scrapped.
  • 21.
    • CVL-30 was named for the Battle of the San Jacinto River, fought on April 21, 1836 the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston, the outnumbered Texas Army engaged and defeated Mexican forces led by General Antonio López de Santa Anna in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes, in present-day Harris County, Texas.
    • "The Battle of San Jacinto," painting by Henry Arthur McArdle (1895.) Prints and Photographs Collection, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
    CVL-30-at a San Jacinto folyó csatájáról nevezték el, amely 1836. április 21-én a Texasi Forradalom döntő csatájának bizonyult. Sam Houston tábornok vezette Texas Hadsereg a számbeli fölényben lévő Antonio López de Santa Anna tábornok vezette mexikói hadsereget győzte le, egy olyan küzdelemben, ami csak 18 percig tartott, a mai Texasi Harris megyében. " A San Jacinto csata ," festményt Henry Arthur McArdle (1895.) készítette. Kiadta a Texas állami könyvtár és archív bizottság, Gyűjteményt, archívumot és információs szolgálatokat fényképező és nyomtató osztálya.
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24. USS BON HOMME RICHARD   (CV-31) ( later CVA-31) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Hotel - Charlie - Lima CLASS - ESSEX (Short Hull) Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions, 872' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data   The second Bon Homme Richard (CV-31) was launched 29 April 1944 by New York Navy Yard, sponsored by Mrs. J. S. McCain, wife of Vice Admiral McCain, and commissioned 26 November 1944, Captain A. O. Rule, Jr., in command., and commissioned 26 November 1944. Her classification was changed from CV-31 to CVA-31, 1 October 1952. Recommissioning at Hunters Point, San Francisco Naval Shipyard, 6 September 1955, after modernization (SCB-27C/SCB-125). FATE : Decommissioned to reserve 2 July 1971. Stricken for disposal 20 Sept 1989. Sold for scrap and subsequently scrapped at San Pedro starting in 1992.
  • 25.
    • Az első USS Bonhomme Richard, előző nevén Duc de Duras egy fregatt volt a Kontinentális Haditengerészetnél. Eredetileg a Francia Kelet-Indiai társaság részére Franciaországban 1765-ben kereskedelmi hajónak épült. XVI. Lajos francia király egy az Egyesült Államoknak nyújtott kölcsön jegyében a francia szállító mágnás, Jacques-Donatien Le Ray javaslatára átadta a hajót John Paul Jones kapitánynak 1779 február 4-én. Jones, a párizsi amerikai biztos, Benjamin Franklin tiszteletére, akinek az évkönyvét Franciaországban Les Maximes du Bonhomme Richard címmel ekkor adták ki, átkeresztelte a hajót Bon Homme Richardra (régebben Bonhomme Richard).
    • 1779. szeptember 23-án Flamborough Head közelében a konvoj találkozott a balti 41. Flotta HMS Serapis (44) fregattal. 18:00 órakor a Bonhomme Richard megtámadta a Serapist és ezzel megkezdődött a Flamborough Head-i csata, mely a következő négy óra alatt az amerikai és brit legénység felének életébe került. Először, a brit győzelem látszott elkerülhetetlennek, mert a Serapis több és nagyobb ágyúi pusztító sortüzet zúdított a Bonhomme Richardra és számos amerikait öl meg. Mindazonáltal Jonesnak sikerült egy sortűzzel megsemmisíteni az ellenfele nagyobb mozgékonyságát. Először az amerikaiak, majd a britek sikertelenül próbálták elfoglalni az ellenfél hajóját. A második brit támadáskor hangzott el Jones híressé vált kiáltása „Még csak most kezdek harcolni!”, felsorakoztatta századát és visszatámadott (miközben komoly járulékos kárt okozott a Richard fedélzetén), de a brit kapitány kb. 22:30 órakor megadta magát. A Bonhomme Richard közben lángba borult, a víz is beszivárgott és akadályozta a megmentés, végül 1779. szeptember 25-én 11:00-kor elsüllyedt. John Paul Jones az elfogott Serapist javításra holland kikötőbe kormányozta és átadta az Államoknak.
    • Bár a Bonhomme Richard a csata után elsüllyedt, a csata eredménye meggyőzte a francia koronát, hogy támogassák a gyarmatokat a britektől történő elszakadási küzdelmükben. Serapis hazai vizeken történt veresége a brit admiralitás erkölcsi veresége is.
    The first USS Bonhomme Richard , formerly Duc de Duras , was a frigate in the Continental Navy . She was originally an East Indiaman , a merchant ship built in France for the French East India Company in 1765 , for service between France and the Orient. She was placed at the disposal of John Paul Jones on February 4 , 1779 , by King Louis XVI of France as a result of a loan to the United States by French shipping magnate, Jacques-Donatien Le Ray . Jones renamed her Bon Homme Richard - usually rendered in more correct French as Bonhomme Richard , to honor Benjamin Franklin , the American Commissioner at Paris whose almanac, Poor Richard's Almanac had been published in France under the title Les Maximes du Bonhomme Richard . On September 23 , 1779 , they encountered the Baltic Fleet of 41 sail under convoy of HMS Serapis (44) and near Flamborough Head . After 18:00 Bonhomme Richard engaged Serapis and a bitter engagement, the Battle of Flamborough Head , ensued during the next four hours that cost the lives of nearly half the American and British crews. At first, a British victory seemed inevitable as the more heavily armed Serapis used its superior firepower to rake Bonhomme Richard with devastating effect, killing Americans by the score. However, Jones eventually succeeded in lashing the two ships together, nullifying his opponent's greater maneuverability. An attempt by the Americans to board Serapis was repulsed, as was an attempt by the British to board Bonhomme Richard . Finally, after another of Jones's squadron joined in the fight (uncaringly causing serious collateral damage aboard the Richard ) the British captain surrendered at about 10.30pm. Bonhomme Richard , shattered, on fire, and leaking badly defied all efforts to save her and sank at 11:00 on September 25 , 1779 . John Paul Jones sailed the captured Serapis to the United Provinces for repairs. Though Bonhomme Richard sank subsequent to the battle, the outcome of the battle convinced the French crown of the wisdom of backing the colonies in their fight to separate from British authority. The defeat of Serapis , no less in home waters, stung the British admiralty.
  • 26.  
  • 27. Commanding Officers
    • Captain Adrian O. Rule 26 November 1944 - 23 August 1945
    • Captain Harold F. Fick 23 August 1945 - 28 February 1946
    • Captain Nathan S. Haines 28 February 1946 - 31 July 1946
    • Decommissioned
    • Captain Cecil B. Gill 15 January 1951 - 1 May 1952
    • Captain Paul W. Watson 1 May 1952 - 15 May 1953
    • Decommissioned
    • Captain Lamar P. Carver 6 September 1955 - 15 November 1956
    • Captain Frederick J. Brush 15 November 1956 - 18 December 1957
    • Captain Burdette E. Close 18 December 1957 - 5 February 1959
    • Captain David McCampbell 5 February 1959 - 15 February 1960
    • Captain Harold S. Bottomley, Jr. 15 February 1960 - 21 December 1960
    • Captain Marshall U. Beebe 21 December 1960 - 16 December 1961
    • Captain George C. Bullard 16 December 1961 - 28 November 1962
    • Captain R. P. Kline 28 November 1962 - 23 November 1963
    • Captain George S. Morrison 23 November 1963 - 25 November 1964
    • Captain William R. McClendon 25 November 1964 - 9 December 1965
    • Captain Gerard F. Colleran 9 December 1965 - 9 March 1967
    • Captain Charles K. Ruiz 9 March 1967 - 25 February 1968
    • Captain Theodore P. Dankworth 25 February 1968 - 30 May 1969
    • Captain Dickson W. Alderton 30 May 1969 - 29 May 1970
    • Captain Frank T. Hemler 29 May 1970 - 29 December 1970
    • Commander Donald E. Reh 29 December 1970 - 2 July 1971
  • 28. USS LEYTE   (CV-32) ( later CVA-32 , CVS-32 and AVT-10) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Hotel - Romeo - Bravo Tactical Voice Radio Call: "RUGBY" CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data The third Leyte was laid down as Crown Point (CV-32) by Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Newport News, Va., 21 February 1944; renamed Leyte 8 May 1945; launched 23 August 1945 sponsored by Mrs. James M. Mead, and c ommissioned 11 April 1946, Capt . Henry F. MacComsey in command. Reclassified CVA-32 on 1 October 1952, she returned to Boston 16 February 1953 for deactivation. On 8 August however, she was ordered to be retained in the active fleet, and, redesignated CVS-32 on the same day, work was begu n converting her to an ASW support carrier. Conversion completed 4 January 1954, Leyte departed Boston for Quonset Point, R.I., as flagship of CarDiv 18. She remained there for the next 5 years conducting ASW tactical operations along the eastern seaboard and in the Caribbean. Fate: Leyte departed Quonset Point in January 1959 for the New York Navy Yard where she commenced preinactivation overhaul. She was redesignated AVT-10 and decommissioned both on 15 May 1959, and was assigned to the Philadelphia group of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet with a berth in New York, where she remains into 1969.
  • 29. Namesake
    • The Battle of Leyte Gulf , also called the "Battle for Leyte Gulf", the "Battles for Leyte Gulf", and formerly as the "Second Battle of the Philippine Sea", is generally considered to be the largest naval battle of World War II and also, by some criteria, the largest naval battle in history.
    • It was fought in waters near the Philippine island of Leyte , from 23 October to 26 October 1944, between naval and naval-air forces of the Allies and those of the Empire of Japan . On October 20, United States troops invaded the island of Leyte as part of a strategy aimed at isolating Japan from the countries it had occupied in South East Asia, and in particular depriving its forces and industry of vital oil supplies. The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) mobilized nearly all of its remaining major naval vessels in an attempt to defeat the Allied invasion, but was repulsed by the US Navy 's 3rd and 7th Fleets . The IJN failed to achieve its objective, suffered very heavy losses, and never afterwards sailed to battle in comparable force. The majority of its surviving heavy ships, deprived of fuel, remained in their bases for the rest of the Pacific War.
    • Leyte Gulf is also notable as the first battle in which Japanese aircraft carried out organized kamikaze attacks.
    • U.S. losses: 1,500 dead, 1 light aircraft carrier, 2 escort carriers, 2 destroyers, 1 destroyer escort sunk. Japan losses: 1,.000 dead, 4 aircraft carriers, 3 battleships, 8 cruisers, 12 destroyers sunk.
    A Tengeri csata a Leyte-öbölben , vagy Leyte-öbölbeli csata illetve régebbi nevén a 2. fülöp-szigeteki tengeri csata a II. világháború legnagyobb tengeri ütközete volt (többek szerint a világtörténelem legnagyobb tengeri csatája). A csatában, amelyet 1944. október 23. és október 26. között vívott Japán az Amerikai Egyesült Államok haditengerészete ellen, a japán haditergerészet gigantikus tengeri hadműveletben, mindent egy lapra téve fel próbálta meg elhárítani a Fülöp-szigeteken október 20-án megindult amerikai partraszállást. A ravasz japán haditerv tudatosan feláldozta a maradék repülőgép-hordozókat annak érdekében, hogy elcsalja velük a partraszálló flottát fedező amerikai főerőket. A partraszálló erőket ezután támadta meg a világ legnagyobb csatahajóit felvonultató japán főerő. Miközben az amerikai főerők, a 3. és 7. Flotta a japán anyahajókat üldözték, a partraszálló flotta gyenge kísérőhajói önfeláldozó hősiességgel megállították és visszafordulásra kényszerítették az aránytalan túlerőben lévő japán csatahajó-flottát. Végeredményben a japán flotta súlyos vereséget szenvedett, elvesztette hadihajóinak színe-javát. A csatát túlélő nagy japán hadihajók üzemanyag hiányában a háború további részében nem hagyták el kikötőiket és nem vettek részt érdemi harcokban. A csata során vetett be Japán első ízben kamikaze-repülőket. USA veszteség: 1.500 halott, 1 könnyű repülőgép-hordozó, 2 kísérő repülőgép-hordozó, 2 romboló, 1 kísérőhajó. Japán veszteség: 10.000 halott, 4 repülőgép-hordozó, 3 csatahajó, 8 cirkáló, 12 romboló.
  • 30.  
  • 31. USS KEARSARGE   (CV-33) ( later CVA-33 and CVS-33) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Tango - India - Lima Tactical Voice Radio Call: "WILDCAT" CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data The third Kearsarge (CV-33) was launched 5 May 1945 by the New York Naval Shipyard, New York sponsored by Mrs. Aubrey W. Fitch, and commissioned 2 March 1946, Captain Francis J. McKenna in command. Decommissioned 16 June 1950, recommissioned 15 February 1952; Modernization SCB-27A, SCB-125 completed February 1953, returning to her homeport, San Diego 17 March. While serving in Korea her reclassification was changed to CVA 33. Summer of 1958, Kearsarge was fitted out as an antisubmarine warfare support carrier and reclassified CVS-33 Fate : Decommissioned Long Beach, California, 13 February 1970. Following three years in the Reserve Fleet, she was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register in May 1973 and sold for scrapping in February 1974.
  • 32. Namesake
    • USS Kearsarge, a Mohican-class sloop-of-war, is best known for her defeat of the Confederate commerce raider CSS Alabama during the American Civil War. The Kearsarge was the only ship of the United States Navy named for Mount Kearsarge in New Hampshire. Subsequent ships were named Kearsarge in honor of this ship, not of the mountain.
    USS Kearsarge, egy Mohican osztályú, gőzhajtású naszád, amely a polgárháború alatt a konföderáció tengeri kereskedelmét támadó CSS Alabama legyőzésével vált híressé. A Kearsarge volt az Egyesült Államok Haditengerészetének egyetlen hajója, amit a New Hampshirei Kearsarge hegyről neveztek el. A következő hajók ennek a hajónak a tiszteletére elnevezett Kearsarge voltak, nem a hegy.
  • 33.  
  • 34. USS ORISKANY   (CV-34) ( later CVA-34 and CV-34) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Tango - Bravo - India Tactical Voice Radio Call: "CHILD PLAY" CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 30,800 Tons, Dimensions , 904' (oa) x 129' x 30' 6" (Max) Armament 8 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3460. Operational and Building Data Ordered 7 Aug 1942, Laid down 1 May 1944, Launched 13 Oct 1945, Builder: New York Naval Shipyard, Brooklyn, N.Y. Construction suspended 22 Aug 1946, when 85% complete. Commissioned 25 Sept 1950. Reordered to a modified design, 8 Aug 1947, torn down to 60% complete, and rebuilt as the SCB-27A design prototype. Reclassified as an "Attack Aircraft Carrier" and redesignated CVA-34, 1 Oct 1952. Decommissioned 2 Jan 1957, modernized with an angled flight deck, steam catapults, enclosed "hurricane" bow, etc. (project SCB-125A) at the San Francisco Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, Cal. Commissioned 7 Mar 1959. Reclassified as a "Multi-purpose Aircraft Carrier" and redesignated CV-34, 30 June 1975. Decommissioned 30 Sep 1976. Oriskany was the last Essex -class ship to be completed and the last to operate as a combat carrier. Fate: Stricken 25 Jul 1989. Originally sold for scrapping in June 1994; contractor defaulted and ship was repossessed by the Navy. Resold for scrap on 29 September 1995 to Pegasus Inc., Oakland, Calif.; again, contractor defaulted and ship was repossessed by the Navy (contract terminated on 30 July 1997).    Ex- Oriskany was towed from Corpus Christi, Tex., to Pensacola, Fla., 15–20 December 2004, in preparation as the Navy’s first aircraft carrier to be sunk as an artificial reef, off the coast of Florida, in June 2005. Unexpected problems, however, forced a postponement and, to safeguard both the port and the ship during the hurricane season, ex- Oriskany was towed again to Beaumont, Tex. Fifty-six years after she was first commissioned, Oriskany was finally laid to rest on the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico in water approximately 212 feet deep and about 24 miles south of the coast of Pensacola, Fla., 17 May 2006.
  • 35. Namesake
    • The Battle of Oriskany was one of the bloodiest battles in the American Revolutionary War and a significant engagement of the Saratoga campaign.
    • On August 6, 1777 some 700–800 Tryon County militiamen and Oneida warriors under Brigadier General Nicholas Herkimer and Chief Skenandoah were ambushed by an equal force of Tories and Mohawks under Sir John Johnson, Col. John Butler and Joseph Brant. In the 6-hour battle the American force was prevented from relieving Fort Stanwix; but, in turn, prevented the British force from reaching General John Burgoyne, thus contributing to that gentleman's losses at Bemis Heights and his defeat at Saratoga. Losses at Oriskany were severe on both sides. American losses amounted to half the original force, including General Herkimer who, severely wounded, died a week later.
    Az Oriskany csata az amerikai Függetlenségi Háború egyik legvéresebb csatája, a Saratogai győzelem megalapozója volt. 1777. augusztus 6-án mintegy 7–800 Tryon megyei nemzetőr és Oneida harcos Nicholas Herkimer és Chief Skenandoah dandártábornok vezetésével lesből megtámadta a közel azonos erejű konzervatív és Mohawks sereget, melyet Sir John Johnson, John Butler és Joseph Brant ezredes vezetett. A 6 órás csatában az amerikai erőt megakadályozták a Stanwix erőd felmentésében; ugyanakkor megakadályozta, hogy a brit erő elérje John Burgoyne tábornokot miközben így hozzájárult a Bemis Heightsnál levő veszteségeihez és a Saratogában elszenvedett vereségéhez. "Herkimer at the Battle of Oriskany," by F. C. Yohn. This painting hung in the Officer's Mess of USS Oriskany while the ship was in commission. It is now in the Utica Public Library. „ Herkimer Oriskany csatájánál ”, készítette F.C. Yohn. Ez a festmény lógott USS Oriskany tiszti étkezdéjében, amíg a hajó aktív volt. Napjainkban az Utica könyvtárban látható.
  • 36.  
  • 37. Gulf of Mexico, May 17, 2006 — Ex- Oriskany was sunk 24 miles off the coast of Pensacola, Fla., to form an artificial reef. The 888-foot ship took about 37 minutes to sink below the surface. After 25 years of service to the Navy in operations in Korea, Vietnam and the Mediterranean, ex- Oriskany now benefits marine life, sport fishing and recreation diving off the coast of the Florida panhandle. Mexikói-öböl 2006. május 17-én — Az Ex- Oriskany t egy mesterséges zátony létrehozása céljából, 24 mérföldre a Floridai Pensacola partja mellett elsüllyesztik. A 888 láb hosszúságú hajó körülbelül 37 perc alatt süllyedt el. A Koreai, Vietnámi hadműveletek és a mediterrán térségben tett 25 évi szolgálat után az ex- Oriskany most a tengeri életnek, sporthalászatnak és kikapcsolódásnak kedvez Florida partja mellett.
  • 38. REPRISAL   (CV-35) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Kilo - Bravo - Golf CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 30,800 Tons, Dimensions , 904' (oa) x 129' x 30' 6" (Max) Armament 8 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3460. Operational and Building Data Ordered 7 Aug 1942, Laid down 1 Jul 1944, Launched 14 May 1945, Builder: New York Naval Shipyard, Brooklyn, N.Y. Fate: Construction of Reprisal was canceled on August 12, 1945 when 52.3 percent complete. Launched in 1945 without ceremony to clear the slipway, her hull was utilized in experimental work in the Chesapeake Bay from 1946–48 (mostly to do with bomb damage in magazines). Although inspected during January 1949 with a view to completing her as an attack carrier, the plan was dropped and her hulk was sold on August 2, 1949 to Boston Metals Co., Baltimore, Md. She was scrapped starting in November 1949. Reprisal építését 1945. augusztus 12-én, 52,3 %-os készenléti állapotában megszüntették. Szertartás nélkül szállt tengerre 1945-ben, hogy felszabadítsák a sólyát, s a hajótestét kísérleti munkában hasznosították a Chesapeake öbölben 1946–48 során (javarészt a bombakárok magazinokban történő bemutatására). Bár 1949 január folyamán megvizsgálták repülőgép-anyahajóként történő befejezését, a tervet elvetették és a hajótestet 1949. augusztus 2-án eladták a Boston Metals Co.-be, Baltimore, Md. A kiselejtezett hajó bontása 1949 novemberében megkezdődött.
  • 39. Namesake
    • Name: "Reprisal" means "hostile action taken in response to an offence; retaliation." The first American warship to bear this name was a Revolutionary War brig (ex-merchantman Molly ), purchased in March 1776 and lost off the banks of Newfoundland in September 1777. Under the command of Captain Lambert Wickes she was the first vessel of the Continental Navy to arrive in European waters.
    • (The Cleveland -class light cruiser Newark (CL–100) was reclassified CV–30 on June 2, 1942 and renamed Reprisal three weeks later, June 23. While under conversion to an aircraft carrier, she was renamed San Jacinto , January 6, 1943.)
    Név : „Megtorlás” ellenségesen gondolat, egy sértésre adott válaszintézkedés; megtorlás. Az első ilyen nevű amerikai hadihajó a Függetlenségi Háborúban egy brig volt (ex-kereskedő Molly), amelyet 1776. március 28. és 1777. szeptember 14. között a Newfoundland banktól béreltek. Lambert Wickes kapitány vezénylete alatt ez a hajó volt Kontinentális Haditengerészet első európai vizekre hajózó járműve. (A Cleveland osztályú utasszállító hajónak készülő Newark 1942. június 2-ig (CL–100), CV–30-ra történt átsorolásakor, június 23-án felvette a „Megtorlás” nevet, de még a repülőgép-hordozóra való áttépítés alatt, 1943 január 6-án átkeresztelték San Jacinto-ra.)
  • 40. USS ANTIETAM   (CV-36) ( later CVA-36 and CVS-36, VT-5 ) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Hotel - Charlie - Yankee CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Ordered 7 Aug 1942, Laid down 15 March 1943 by the Philadelphia Navy Yard; launched on 20 August 1944, sponsored by Mrs. Millard E. Tydings, the wife of Senator Tydings of Maryland; and commissioned on 28 January 1945, Capt. Jam es R. Tague in command. Deactivation on May 1949, commissioned on 17 January 1951; Pacific Reserve Fleet on Apr 1952, in August, transited the Panama Canal to join the Atlantic Fleet. In Sep 1952, the warship entered the New York Naval Shipyard for major alterations. In October, she was redesignated an attack aircraft carrier, CVA-36. In December Antietam emerged from the yard as America's first angled-deck aircraft carrier. Redesignated and antisubmarine warfare (ASW) carrier, CVS-36 Aug 1953. On 21 April 1957 to training (AT-5) duty with the Naval Air Training Station, Pensacola, Fla. Mayport however, Jan 1959 Pensacola home port, reserve, on 7 January 1963; Decommissioned 8 May 1963. Fate: Berthed at Philadelphia, Pa., she remained in reserve until May of 1973 when her name was struck from the Navy list. On 28 February 1974, she was sold to the Union Minerals & Alloys Corp. for scrapping. About 600 tons of her armor plate have been put to use at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.
  • 41. Namesake
    • The Battle of Antietam (also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg , particularly in the South ), fought on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg , Maryland , and Antietam Creek , (East Potomac River) as part of the Maryland Campaign , was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history , with about 23,000 casualties.
    Az Antietam csata (ismert még különösen délen Sharpsburgi csataként), 1862. szeptember 17-én a Marylandi Sharpsburg település és az Antietam patak között (a Potomac folyótól keletre) a Marylandi győzelem részeként az első jelentős csaták helyszíne az amerikai polgárháború északi hadjáratában. E csata körülbelül 23,000 áldozattal az amerikai történelem legvéresebb egynapos csatája volt.
  • 42. CV-36 CVA-36 VT-5 CVS-36 (VT-5) CVS-36 (ASW)
  • 43. USS PRINCETON   (CV-37) ( later CVA-37 , CVS-37 and LPH-5) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Hotel - Romeo - November Tactical Voice Radio Call: "BULLHORN" CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Laid down 14 September 1943, as USS Valley Forge (CV-37) at Philadelphia Navy Yard, Philadelphia, PA. Renamed Princeton , 21 November 1944, Launched , 18 July 1945. Commissioned 18 November 1945, CAPT. John M. Hoskins in command. Decommissioned 21 June 1949. Recommissioned 28 August 1950, Redesignated Attack Aircraft Carrier (CVA-37) 1 October 1952. Modified and reclassified Anti-Submarine Warfare Aircraft Carrier (CVS-37) 12 November 1953. Reclassified Amphibious Assault Ship (Helicopter) (LPH-5) , 2 March 1959. Converted at Long Beach Naval Shipyard, Long Beach CA, 19 March through 19 May 1959. FATE: Decommissioned and Struck from the Naval Register, 30 January 1970. Final Disposition, sold for scrapping in September 1973, by Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons                                                                                                                        Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon 2nd Row - Navy Unit Commendation (CVA-37) - Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation (2) - American Campaign Medal 3rd Row - World War II Victory Medal - National Defense Service Medal (2) - Korean Service Medal (8) 4th Row - Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (2-Taiwan Straits, 3-Quemoy-Matsu, 11-Vietnam) - Vietnam Service Medal (5) - Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation 5th Row - United Nations Service Medal - Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal - Republic of Korea War Service Medal Aircraft Carrier CV-23 >>
  • 44.  
  • 45. USS Princeton (LPH-5)
      • Boxer Class Amphibious Assault Ship (Helicopter)
      • Specifications :
      • Displacement 26,556 t.(lt) 36,457 t.(fl) Length 888‘ Beam 138‘ Draft 30' (max.) Complement 1,200 Troop Capacity 1,450 Armament two dual 5"/38 dual purpose gun mounts three single 5"/38 dual purpose gun mounts
      • Aircraft 30 Helicopters Propulsion eight 600 psi boilers, 4 steam turbines, 4 shafts, 75,000shp
      • Speed 33 kts.
  • 46.  
  • 47. USS SHANGRI-LA   (CV-38) ( later CVA-38 and CVS-38) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Tango - India - Foxtrot Tactical Voice Radio Call: "ALL STAR" CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Laid down 15 January 1943, by the Norfolk Navy Yard, at Portsmouth, Va., launched on 24 February 1944, sponsored by Mrs. James H. Doolittle, and commissioned on 15 September 1944, Capt. James D. Barner in command. Decommissioned and placed in the Reserve Fleet at San Francisco on 7 November 1947. Recommissioned 10 May 1951, Reclassified Attack Aircraft Carrier (CVA-38) 1 October 1952, Decommissioned 14 Nov 1952. and modernization (SCB-27C/125) at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, commissioned 10 Jan 1955. Modified and reclassified Anti-Submarine Warfare Aircraft Carrier (CVS-38) 30 June 1969. FATE: Decommissioned 30 July 1971. Shangri-La remained in the reserve fleet for the next 11 years, and was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 15 July 1982. She was retained by MARAD for several years to provide spare parts for the training carrier Lexington . On 9 August 1988, she was sold for scrap and later towed to Taiwan for demolition.
  • 48. Namesake (Nickname:"Tokyo Express")
    • On the morning of 18 April 1942, the aircraft carrier U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8) launched a spectacular bombing raid (B-25s) on Tokyo, Nagoya and Kobe, Japan. When newsmen asked President Roosevelt to reveal the base from which the airmen had flown, he cited the name 'SHANGRI-LA', a mythical retreat from James Hilton's novel 'LOST HORIZONS'. When the HORNET was lost in action, she needed a successor.
    • On 15 January 1943, the keel was laid for this ESSEX-class carrier, U.S.S. SHANGRI-LA, in memory of the HORNET'S exploits.
    1942. április 18-ának reggelén az USS HORNET (CV-8) repülőgép-hordozó elindított egy látványos légitámadást (B-25s) a Japán főváros, Tokió, valamint Nagoya és Kobe ellen. Amikor az újságírók megkérték Roosevelt elnököt, hogy fedje fel honnan indultak a pilóták, az elnök egy mitikus visszavonulással James Hilton újszerű LOST HORIZONS művéből idézte a nevet SHANGRI-LA. Amikor a HORNET ismételten támadott, szükség volt a hivatkozásra. 1943. január 15-én ezért ezt az ESSEX osztályú hajógerincet USS SHANGRI-LA névre keresztelték, a HORNET hőstetteinek az emlékére.
  • 49.  
  • 50. USS LAKE CHAMPLAIN   (CV-39) ( later CVA-39 and CVS-39) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Tango - Charlie - Romeo Tactical Voice Radio Call: "NIGHTHAWK" CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws, 8 boilers, 4 propellers, 3 elevators, 4 arresting gear cables, 2 catapults. Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448, (CVS 1000) Operational and Building Data Awarded 7 August 1942; Laid down in drydock by the Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth Va., 15 March 1943; launched by float 2 November 1944; sponsored 3 June 1945 by Mrs. Warren Austin, wife of Senator Austin of Vermont, and commissioned 5 Jun 1945, Capt. Logan C. Ramsey in command. Retired to the "Mothball Fleet" at Norfolk, Va., 17 February 1947. Reactivated and modernized at Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co. and recommissioned 19 September 1952. Modernization (SCB-27A), reclassified Attack Aircraft Carrier (CVA-39) 26 April 1953, Modified and reclassified Anti-Submarine Warfare Aircraft Carrier (CVS-39) 1 Aug 1957. FATE: Decommissioned 2 May 1966. The 24-year-old LAKE CHAMPLAIN was stricken from the Navy List on 1 December 1969, and sold by the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping on 28 April 1972. About 600 tons of her armor plate have been put to use at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.
  • 51. Namesake
    • The Battle of Lake Champlain , also known as the Battle of Plattsburgh , fought on September 11 , 1814 , ended the final invasion of the northern states during the War of 1812 . Fought just prior to the signing of the Treaty of Ghent , the American victory denied the British any leverage to demand exclusive control over the Great Lakes and any territorial gains against the New England states, the Canadian border turned into definitive one.
    A Champlain tói csata, amit Plattsburgh csatának is ismertek, 1814. szeptember 11-én lezárta az 1812 óta tartó északi államok invázióját. Igazságos ítélet született a Ghenti Szerződéssel, az amerikai győzelem véglegesen megszüntette a britek Nagy Tavak fölötti kizárólagos uralmát és az Új Angol államokkal szembeni bármilyen területi követelését, véglegessé vált a Kanadai határ.
  • 52.  
  • 53. USS TARAWA   (CV-40) ( later CVA-40 , CVS-40 and AVT-12) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Kilo - Delta - Tango Tactical Voice Radio Call: "CHARGER" Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: China Service Medal (extended) / Navy Occupation Service Medal ("Asia" and "Europe" clasps) / National Defense Service Medal 2nd Row: Korean Service Medal / Korean Presidential Unit Citation / United Nations Korean Medal CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Awarded 5 Jan 1944; Built by Norfolk Navy. Laid down 1 March 1944, launched 12 May 1945, sponsored by Mrs. Julian C. Smith, the wife of Lieutenant General Julian C. Smith, USMC, who commanded the 2d Marine Division at Tarawa; a nd commissioned on 8 December 1945, Capt. Alvin Ingersoll Malstrom in command. Modernization (SCB-27A), reclassified Attack Aircraft Carrier (CVA-40) 1 Oct 1952, Modified and reclassified ASW „ Anti-Submarine Warfare” Aircraft Carrier (CVS-40) 10 Jan 1955. FATE : Decommissioned to reserve 13 May 1960. Redesignated as an aviation transport (AVT 12) 1 May 1961 while in reserve. Stricken for disposal Navy list 1 June 1967. Sold 3 Oct 1968 and scrapped at Boston Metals Corp., Baltimore.
  • 54. Namesake
    • The Battle of Tarawa was a battle in the Pacific Theatre of World War II , largely fought from November 20 to November 23, 1943. It was the second time the United States was on the offensive (the Battle of Guadalcanal had been the first), and the first offensive in the critical central Pacific region.
    • It was also the second time in the war that the United States faced serious Japanese opposition to an amphibious landing . Previous landings met little or no initial resistance. The 4,500 Japanese defenders were well-supplied and well-prepared, and they fought almost to the last man, exacting a heavy toll on the American Marines . Medals of Honor were awarded to 1st Lt. Alexander Bonnyman, SSgt. William J. Bordelon, 1st Lt. William D. Hawkins, Col. David M. Shoup.
    A Tarawai csatát a II. világháború Csendes-óceáni hadszínterén 1943. november 20-ától november 23-áig vívták. Ez volt a második alkalom, amikor az Egyesült Államok támadott (a Guadalcanal csata volt az első), és az első támadás amit a kritikus Csendes-óceán központi régióban hajtott végre. Az Egyesült Államok második alkalommal szállt partra a háborúban és kiépített védelemmel, szervezett japán ellenállással találkozott. Az előző partraszállások során csekély, kezdeti ellenállással találkoztak. A 4,500 japán védő időben megszállta az előkészített állásokat és majdnem az utolsó szálig harcoltak, jelentős veszteséget okozva az amerikai tengerészgyalogosoknak. Dicsőség Érmet ítélték Alexander Bonnyman hdgy-nak, William J Bordelon őrm-nek, William D Hawkins hdgy-nak, David M Shoup ezds-nek.
  • 55. USS Tarawa CVS-40
  • 56. Commanding Officers
    • Captain Alvin Ingersoll Malstrom 8 December 1945 - 21 March 1947
    • Captain Josephus Asa Briggs, Sr. 21 March 1947 - 28 February 1948
    • Captain Howard Leyland Young 28 February 1948 - 27 August 1948
    • Commander Raymond Cannon Needham 27 August 1948 - 30 June 1949
    • Decommissioned
    • Captain John Hook Griffin 3 February 1951 - 27 July 1951
    • Captain Clifford Henderson Duerfeldt 27 July 1951 - 3 July 1952
    • Commander Frank Kidder Upham II. 3 July 1952 - 9 August 1952
    • Captain Jack Pendleton Monroe 9 August 1952 - 8 August 1953
    • Captain William Oscar Burch, Jr. 8 August 1953 - 16 June 1954
    • Captain Stanley Carter Strong 16 June 1954 - 7 June 1955
    • Captain John Patrick Rembert, Jr. 7 June 1955 - 13 June 1956
    • Captain Harvey Paul Burden 13 June 1956 - 19 June 1957
    • Captain John Shannon 19 June 1957 - 25 January 1958
    • Captain Cecil Kelly Harper 25 January 1958 - 7 January 1959
    • Captain Charles Ford Garrison 7 January 1959 - 22 January 1960
    • Commander Rufus Timothy Brinn 22 January 1960 - 13 May 1960
  • 57. USS MIDWAY   (CVB-41) ( later CVA-41 and CV-41) Tactical Voice Radio Call: "SCHOOL BOY" Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: Presidential Unit Citation / Joint Meritorious Unit Award 2nd Row: Navy Unit Commendation (4) / Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation (3) / Battle Efficiency Award (Navy "E" Ribbon) (5) 3rd Row: Navy Expeditionary Service Medal (4) / China Service Medal (extended) / American Campaign Medal 4th Row: World War II Victory Medal / Navy Occupation Service Medal ("Europe" clasp) / National Defense Service Medal (3) 5th Row: Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (5) / Vietnam Service Medal (5 stars) / Southwest Asia Service Medal (2 stars) 6th Row: Humanitarian Service Medal / Sea Service Deployment Ribbon (17) / Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Gallantry Cross Medal with Palm) 7th Row: Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal / Liberation of Kuwait Medal (Saudi Arabia) / Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) CLASS – MIDWAY "Large Aircraft Carrier" Displacement 45,000 Tons, Dimensions , 968' (oa) x 113' x 35' (Max) Armament 18 x 5"/54AA 84 x 40mm, 68 x 20mm, 137 Aircraft . Armor , 7.6" Belt, 3 1/2" Flight Deck, 2" Deck, 6 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 212,000; SHP, Geared turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 4104. Operational and Building Data Built by Newport News. Designation changed from CV 41 to CVB 41 15 July 1943. Laid down 27 Oct 1943, launched 20 Mar 1945, sponsored Mrs. Bradford W. Ripley Jr., commissioned 10 Sept 1945. Reclassified Attack Aircraft Carrier (CVA-41) 1 Oct 1952, Modernization (SCB-110) 30 Sep1957, (SCB-101) 31 Jan 1970. Reclassified Aircraft Carrier (CV-41) 1 Oct 1979. FATE : Decommissioned to reserve 11 Apr 1992; retained as a potential replacement training carrier. Stricken for disposal 17 March 1997. Acting Secretary of the Navy Hansford T. Johnson announced, 8 July 2003, that this historic ship would be donated to the San Diego Aircraft Carrier Museum. On 30 September 2003, Midway began her journey from the Navy Inactive Ship Maintenance Facility, Bremerton, Wash., to San Diego where she would be a Museum and Memorial. She was docked at the Charles P. Howard Terminal in Oakland, Calif., in October, while the construction of her pier in San Diego was completed. The carrier arrived in San Diego in January 2004 and is now the nation's newest Naval Aviation Museum (Opened 7 June 2004).
  • 58. Namesake
    • The Battle of Midway was a major naval battle , widely regarded as the most important one of the Pacific Campaign of World War II. It took place from June 4 to 7, 1942, approximately one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea and exactly six months after Japan 's attack on Pearl Harbor . The United States Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) attack against Midway Atoll , inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese carrier force and seizing the strategic initiative.
    • The Japanese operation, like the earlier attack on Pearl Harbor, was not part of an overall campaign for the conquest of the United States, but was aimed at its elimination as a strategic Pacific power, thereby giving Japan a free hand in establishing its Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. It was hoped another defeat would force the U.S. to negotiate an end to the Pacific War on conditions favorable for Japan.
    • The Japanese plan was designed to lure America's few remaining carriers into a trap. The Japanese also intended to occupy Midway Atoll as part of an overall plan to extend their defensive perimeter in response to the Doolittle Raid . This operation was considered preparatory for further attacks against Fiji and Samoa, as well as an invasion of Hawaii.
    • However, American codebreakers were able to determine the date and location of the attack, enabling the forewarned U.S. Navy to set up an ambush of its own. Four Japanese aircraft carriers and a heavy cruiser were sunk in exchange for one American aircraft carrier and a destroyer . The heavy losses, particularly the four fleet carriers and over 200 experienced naval aviators, permanently weakened the Imperial Japanese Navy. Japan was unable to keep pace with American shipbuilding and aircrew training programs in providing replacements.
    A Midway-i csata a II. világháború Csendes-óceáni hadszíntér jelentős tengeri ütközete, amit széles körben a legfontosabbnak tartottak. A harc a Coral Sea csata után hozzávetőleg egy hónap-, Japán Pearl Harbor támadása után pontosan hat hónapra, 1942. június 4-étől 7-ig tartott. Az Egyesült Államok Haditengerészete elűzte a Japán Imperial Haditengerészet (IJN) Midway Atoll szigetet támadó csoportosítását, megtartotta szigetet, helyrehozhatatlan kárt tett a japán hordozó erőben és megtörte a japánok stratégiai kezdeményezését. A japán hadművelet, mint a Pearl Harbor elleni korábbi támadás nem képezte az Egyesült Államok meghódításának megalapozását, csak a Csendes-óceán feletti hatalomért folyt, hogy ezáltal Japán szabadon uralhassa a Dél-Kelt Ázsiai térséget. Azt remélték, hogy a vereség kényszerítené az USA-t, hogy a Japán feltételek szerint tárgyalja meg a Csendes-óceáni háború befejezését. A japán haditerv egy kis csapdát állított Amerikának. A teljes terv első részeként Japán a Midway Atollt elfoglalásával ki akarta terjeszteni védelmi övezetét, a Doolittle Raidre adott válaszban. Ezt a hadműveletet, mint Hawaii inváziót tekintették Fidzsi és Szamoa elleni további támadások előkészítőjének. Az amerikai kódfeltörők azonban felderítették a támadás dátumát és helyszínét és ez lehetővé tette az ellenlépést, az USA Haditengerészetének saját támadása kidolgozását. A japánok négy repülőgép-hordozót és egy nehéz utasszállító hajót vesztettek egy amerikai repülőgép-hordozóért és egy rombolóért. A nagy veszteségek, különösen a négy flottaszállító és több mint 200 tapasztalt tengerészeti pilóta, jelentősen gyengítették az IJN további lehetőségeit. Japán képtelen volt lépést tartani az amerikai hajóépítéssel és személyzetkiképzéssel.
  • 59. CVB-41 CVA-41 CV-41 CVA-41 (SCB101) CVA-41 (SCB-110) Museum
  • 60. C O M M A N D I N G
    • CAPT Joseph Francis Bolger USNA '21 10 September 1945 - 12 January 1946
    • CAPT Herbert Spencer Duckworth USNA '22 12 January 1946 - 18 July 1946
    • CAPT John Perry Whitney USNA '22 18 July 1946 - 11 August 1947
    • CAPT Albert Kellogg Morehouse USNA '22 11 August 1947 - 22 April 1948
    • CDR Forsyth Massey USNA '31 22 April 1948 - 28 May 1948
    • CDR Raymond Neil Sharp USNA '30 28 May 1948 - 7 September 1948
    • CAPT Marcel Emil Adan Gouin USNA '24 7 September 1948 - 8 August 1949
    • CAPT Wallace Morris Beakley USNA '24 8 August 1949 - 1 July 1950
    • CAPT Frederick Norman Kivette USNA '25 1 July 1950 - 8 March 1951
    • CAPT Kenneth Craig USNA '26 8 March 1951 - 2 April 1952
    • CAPT Frank O'Beirne USNA '26 2 April 1952 - 4 April 1953
    • CAPT Clifford Steele Cooper USNA '27 4 April 1953 - 19 January 1954
    • CAPT William Henry Ashford, Jr. USNA '27 19 January 1954 - 1 October 1954
    • CAPT Reynold Delos Hogle USNA '29 1 October 1954 - 7 September 1955
    • CAPT Richard Spalding Rogers USNA '37 7 September 1955 - 14 October 1955
    • Decommissioned
    • CAPT Francis Edward Nuessle USNA '32 30 September 1957 - 2 June 1958
    • CAPT John Thomas Blackburn USNA '33 2 June 1958 - 19 May 1959
    • CAPT James Haile Mini USNA '35 19 May 1959 - 15 June 1960
    • CAPT Ralph Wynne Cousins USNA '37 15 June 1960 - 22 April 1961
    • CAPT Robert George Dosé NAVCAD 22 April 1961 - 21 April 1962
    • CAPT Roy Maurice Isaman NAVCAD 21 April 1962 - 25 January 1963
    • CAPT Leroy Eugene Harris USNA '39 25 January 1963 - 25 January 1964
    • CAPT Whitney Wright NAVCAD 25 January 1964 - 19 December 1964
    • CAPT James Michael O'Brien USNA '43 19 December 1964 - 15 February 1966
    • Decommissioned
    • CAPT Eugene J. Carroll, Jr. NAVCAD 31 January 1970 - 10 July 1971
    • CAPT William L. Harris, Jr. NAVCAD 10 July 1971 - 31 July 1972
    • CAPT Sylvester Robert Foley, Jr. USNA '50 31 July 1972 - 7 September 1973
    • CAPT Richard Joseph Schulte NAVCAD 7 September 1973 - 26 March 1975
    • CAPT Lawrence Cleveland Chambers USNA '52 26 March 1975 - 20 October 1976
    • CAPT Donald Linn Felt USNA '53 20 October 1976 - 27 February 1978
    • CAPT Thomas F. Brown III. NAVCAD 27 February 1978 - 7 September 1979
    • CAPT E. Inman ("Hoagy") Carmichael NAVCAD 7 September 1979 - 17 February 1981
    • CAPT Robert S. Owens NAVCAD 17 February 1981 - 21 August 1982
    • CAPT Charles Reynolds McGrail, Jr. USNA '57 21 August 1982 - 31 January 1984
    • CAPT Harry Patrick Kober, Jr. NAVCAD 31 January 1984 - 22 June 1985
    • CAPT Riley D. Mixson NAVCAD 22 June 1985 - 10 April 1987
    • CAPT Richard Alexander Wilson USNA '63 10 April 1987 - 25 February 1989
    • CAPT Bernard J. Smith NAVCAD 25 February 1989 - 12 June 1990
    • CAPT Arthur Karl Cebrowski NAVCAD 12 June 1990 - 12 June 1991
    • CAPT Larry L. Ernst NAVCAD 12 June 1991 - 11 April 1992
    O F F I C E R S
  • 61. USS FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT (CVB-42) ( later CVA-42 and CV-42) Tactical Voice Radio Call: "RIPTIDE" CLASS – MIDWAY "Large Aircraft Carrier" Displacement 45,000 Tons, Dimensions , 968' (oa) x 113' x 35' (Max) Armament 18 x 5"/54AA 84 x 40mm, 68 x 20mm, 137 Aircraft . Armor , 7.6" Belt, 3 1/2" Flight Deck, 2" Deck, 6 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 212,000; SHP, Geared turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 4104. Operational and Building Data Built by New York Naval Shipyard. Laid down 1 Dec 1943, launched 29 Apr 1945 as Coral Sea (CVB-42); sponsored by Mrs. John H. Towers, wife of the Deputy Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet; renamed Franklin D. Roosevelt 8 May 1945; and commissioned 27 Oct 1945 Captain A. Soucek in command. Reclassified Attack Aircraft Carrier (CVA-42) 1 Oct 1952. On 7 January 1954, she sailed for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard to undergo extensive reconstruction; SCB-110 recommissioned on 6 April 1956. Extensive reconstruction (SCB 101.68) Norfolk Naval Shipyard for her 11 month, 26 May 1969. Reclassified Aircraft Carrier (CV-42) 30 Jun 1975. FATE : Decommissioned 30 Sep 1977, stricken from the Navy List 1 Oct 1977. She arrived Norfolk Naval Shipyard's Inactive Ships Facility, the carrier was towed to Kearny, New Jersey on 3 May 1978 and was scrapped from 1980 onward.
  • 62. Namesake
    • CVB-42 was named after Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945), 32nd President of the United States of America (1933-1945).
    • Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Mr. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves.
    • He later sought to keep the United States out of the war in Europe, yet at the same time to strengthen nations threatened or attacked. When France fell and England came under siege in 1940, Roosevelt (who had been Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President Wilson) began to send Great Britain all possible aid short of actual military involvement. When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Roosevelt directed organization of the „Nation's manpower and resources for global war”.
    • Feeling that the future peace of the world would depend upon relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, he devoted much thought to the planning of a United Nations, in which, he hoped, international difficulties could be settled.
    A CVB-42 repülőgép-hordozót Franklin Delano Rooseveltről (1882-1945), az Amerikai Egyesült Államok 32. elnökéről (1933-1945) nevezték el. Az elnökséget a nagy gazdasági világválság idején vette át, és segítette az amerikai embereket a magukba vetetett hitük visszanyerésében. Később az Európa szövetség megerősítésére, a háborúban megtámadott, megszállt nemzetek felszabadítására törekedett. A franciaországi fennsík és Anglia 1940-es ostroma alatt Roosevelt (aki ekkor Wilson elnök alatt a Haditengerészet Segéd Titkára volt) minden lehetséges segély elkezdet küldeni Nagy-Britanniának. Amikor a japánok 1941. december 7-én megtámadták Pearl Harbort, Roosevelt irányította a „Globális háborúért munkaerő és erőforrás nemzeti szervezetet”. Megérezte, hogy a világ jövőbeli békéje az Egyesült Államok és a Szovjetunió közti kapcsolatoktól fog függeni, már az ENSZ létrehozásán gondolkodott, ahol a nemzetközi nehézségek elrendeződhetnének. Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 63.  
  • 64.
    • CAPT Apollo Soucek USNA '21 27 October 1945 - 2 March 1946
    • CAPT Herbert Ed Regan USNA '22 2 March 1946 - 15 November 1946
    • CAPT John Pinckney Wheeler Vest USNA '22 15 November 1946 - 7 November 1947
    • CAPT Thomas Binney Williamson USNA '23 7 November 1947 - 3 August 1948
    • CAPT Harry Donald Felt USNA '23 3 August 1948 - 11 July 1949
    • CAPT Clarence Eugene Ekstrom USNA '24 11 July 1949 - 27 July 1950
    • CAPT William Virginius Davis, Jr. USNA '24 27 July 1950 - 28 July 1951
    • CAPT Fitzhugh Lee USNA '26 28 July 1951 - 26 July 1952
    • CAPT George Whelan Anderson, Jr. USNA '27 26 July 1952- 22 May 1953
    • CAPT John Smith ("Jimmy") Thatch USNA '27 22 May 1953 - 23 April 1954
    • Decommissioned
    • CAPT John T. ("Chick") Hayward USNA '30 6 April 1956 - 1 October 1956
    • CAPT Thomas Walton Hopkins USNA '32 1 October 1956 - 2 October 1957
    • CAPT Frederick Lincoln Ashworth USNA '33 2 October 1957 - 3 July 1958
    • CAPT Ralph Louis Shifley USNA '33 3 July 1958 - 8 August 1959
    • CAPT Theodore Hugh Winters USNA '37 8 August 1959 - 10 June 1960
    • CAPT Edward William Hessel USNA '37 10 June 1960 - 16 July 1961
    • CAPT Edward Lee Anderson USNA '38 16 July 1961 - 1 June 1962
    • CAPT Walter Edward Clarke NAVCAD 1 June 1962 - 20 July 1963
    • CAPT Gerald Edward Miller USNA '41 20 July 1963 - 25 July 1964
    • CAPT Malcolm Winfield Cagle USNA '41 25 July 1964 - 27 August 1965
    • CAPT Charles Lee Burbage USNA '41 27 August 1965 - 28 August 1966
    • CAPT George Clyde Talley, Jr. USNA '44 28 August 1966 - 5 January 1967
    • CAPT James David Ramage USNA '39 5 January 1967 - 12 January 1967
    • CAPT Martin G. ("Butch") O'Neill NAVCAD 12 January 1967 - 20 June 1967
    • CAPT Gordon S. Hodgson NAVCAD 20 June 1967 - 21 August 1968
    • CAPT James Otis Mayo NAVCAD 21 August 1968 - 9 September 1969
    • CAPT Harry Seagrove Sellers NAVCAD 9 September 1969 - 3 October 1970
    • CAPT John Edward Hansen USNA '46 3 October 1970 - 10 September 1971
    • CAPT Charles John Youngblade USNA '49 10 September 1971 - 12 April 1973
    • CAPT James Brendon Morin NAVCAD 12 April 1973 - 20 December 1974
    • CAPT Crawford A. Easterling NAVCAD 20 December 1974 - 20 June 1976
    • CAPT Richard Peter Bordone USNA '54 20 June 1976 - 13 June 1977
    • CAPT Everett F. Rollins, Jr. USNR 13 June 1977 - 1 October 1977
    C O M M A N D I N G O F F I C E R S
  • 65. USS CORAL SEA   (CVB-43) ( later CVA-43 and CV-43) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - India - Juliet - Alfa Tactical Voice Radio Call: "MUSTANG" CLASS – MIDWAY "Large Aircraft Carrier" Displacement 45,000 tons (60,000 fl), Dimensions 900' wl (968' oa) x 113' (136' fd) x 32' 9" / 274.3 wl (295 oa) x 34.4 (41.5 fd) x 10 meters, Armament 14 5"/54, Mk.39 single mounts; 84 40-mm (planned but not fitted); 28 20-mm (planned but probably not fitted), 137 Aircraft, Armor 7.6" belt, 3.5" flight deck, 6.5" conning tower (side), Power plant 12 565-psi boilers, 4 geared turbines, 4 screws; 212,000 shp, Aviation facilities 3 elevators; 2 hydraulic catapults, Speed: 33 knots, Endurance (design): 20,000 nm @ 15 knots, Crew: approx. 4,100 Last configuration: Displacement 52,000 tons (65,200 fl), Dimensions 900' wl (979' oa) x 121' (236' fd) x 35' / 274.3 wl (298.4 oa) x 36.9 (71.9 fd) x 10.7 meters, Armament 3 Phalanx CIWS, 65 Aircraft , Aviation facilities: 3 elevators; 3 steam catapults, Speed: 32 knots, Crew: approx. 4,700 Operational and Building Data Awarded 14 Jun 1943 to Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., Newport News, Va. Laid down 10 Jul 1944, launched 2 Apr 1946 and commissioned 1 Oct 1947. Reclassified as an "Attack Aircraft Carrier" (CVA-43) on 1 Oct 1952. Decommissioned at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash., on 24 May 1957 to receive a major conversion (SCB-110A) Recommissioned 25 Jan 1960. Reclassified as a "Multi-Purpose Aircraft Carrier" (CV-43) on 30 June 1975. FATE : Decommissioned and stricken 30 April 1990. Sold by the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping on 7 May 1993. Scrapping was delayed by numerous financial, legal and environmental issues; finally completed 8 September 2000.
  • 66. Namesake
    • The Battle of the Coral Sea , fought between May 4 – May 8, 1942, with most of the action occurring on May 7 and May 8, was a major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and the Allied forces of the United States Navy and the Australian Navy . It was the first fleet action in which aircraft carriers engaged each other. It was also the first naval battle in history in which neither side's ships sighted or fired directly upon the other.
    • It is considered a tactical victory for Japan, since the United States lost fleet carrier USS Lexington (CV-2) in exchange for the light carrier Shōhō . At the same time, the battle was a strategic victory for the Allies because the Japanese abandoned their attempt to land troops to take Port Moresby , New Guinea . The engagement ended with no clear victor, but the damage suffered and experience gained by both sides set the stage for the Battle of Midway .
    A Coral Sea csata 1942. május 4–8. között a II. világháború Csendes-óceáni hadszíntér jelentős – különösen 7-e és 8-a – tengeri ütközete volt az IJN, illetve az USA és Ausztrál Haditengerészet erői között. Ez volt az első repülőgép-hordozók közötti összecsapás. Az első tengeri csata volt a történelemben, amikor a hajók nem tüzeltek közvetlenül a másikra. Japán taktikai győzelemnek tartják, hogy az Egyesült Államok a könnyű hordozó Shōhō cserébe elvesztette az USS Lexington (CV-2) hordozót. Ugyanakkor, a csata az Allie-k stratégiai győzelme volt, mert a japánok letettek az Új-Guineai Port Moresby partraszállásáról. Az ütközet tiszta győztes nélkül ért véget, de a megszerzett tapasztalat mindkét fél számára előkészítette a terepet a Midway csatához. 6 MAY 1942 7 MAY 1942 8 MAY 1942
  • 67.  
  • 68.
    • CAPT Aaron P. Storrs, III 1 October 1947 – 11 August 1948
    • CAPT Aurelius B. Vosseller 11 August 1948 – 11 July 1949
    • CAPT Robert Goldthwaite 11 July 1949 – 29 April 1950
    • CAPT Frederick M. Trapnell 29 April 1950 – 12 February 1951
    • CAPT James S. Russell 12 February 1951 – 10 February 1952
    • CAPT Robert B. Pirie 10 February 1952 – 7 November 1952
    • CAPT Herbert D. Riley 7 November 1952 – 10 August 1953
    • CAPT Henry H. Caldwell 10 August 1953 – 14 June 1954
    • CAPT Harry E. Sears 14 June 1954 – 22 December 1954
    • CAPT David L. McDonald 22 December 1954 – 17 October 1955
    • CAPT William E. Gentner, Jr. 17 October 1955 – 10 October 1956
    • CAPT Jasper A. Jaap 10 October 1956 – 24 April 1957
    • Decommissioned
    • CAPT James S. Gray, Jr. 25 January 1960 – 5 December 1960
    • CAPT John J. Lynch 5 December 1960 – 1 November 1961
    • CAPT Maurice F. Weisner 1 November 1961 – 23 July 1962
    • CAPT Robert M. Elder 23 July 1962 – 13 February 1963
    • CAPT Charles E. Roemer 13 February 1963 – 16 February 1964
    • CAPT Pierre N. Charbonnet, Jr. 16 February 1964 – 15 January 1965
    • CAPT George L. Cassell 15 January 1965 – 18 February 1966
    • CAPT Frank W. Ault 18 February 1966 – 18 March 1967
    • CAPT William H. Shawcross 18 March 1967 – 2 March 1968
    • CAPT James Ferris 2 March 1968 – 16 May 1969
    • CAPT Samuel G. Gorsline, Jr. 16 May 1969 – 16 October 1970
    • CAPT Wesley L. McDonald 16 October 1970 – 7 September 1971
    • CAPT William H. Harris 7 September 1971 – 2 November 1972
    • CAPT Paul A. Peck 2 November 1972 – 25 January 1974
    • CAPT Thomas S. Rogers, Jr. 25 January 1974 – 18 July 1975
    • CAPT Joseph F. Frick 18 July 1975 – 1 March 1977
    • CAPT George A. Aitcheson, Jr. 1 March 1977 – 3 June 1978
    • CAPT Stanley R. Arthur 3 June 1978 – 22 December 1979
    • CAPT Richard M. Dunleavy 22 December 1979 – 2 August 1981
    • CAPT Jerome L. Johnson 2 August 1981 – 1 October 1983
    • CAPT Jeremy D. Taylor 1 October 1983 – 31 August 1984
    • CAPT Robert E. Tucker 31 August 1984 – 21 May 1985
    • CAPT Robert H. Ferguson 21 May 1985 – 23 February 1987
    • CAPT Bruce B. Bremner 23 February 1987 – 22 June 1988
    • CAPT Lloyd E. Allen, Jr. 22 June 1988 – 30 April 1990
    C O M M A N D I N G O F F I C E R S
  • 69. USS VALLEY FORGE   (CV-45) ( later CVA-45 , CVS-45 and LPH-8) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Kilo - Echo - Uniform Tactical Voice Radio Call: "BEAR CAT" Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: Navy Unit Commendation 2nd Row: Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation [LPH] / National Defense Service Medal (2) [CV/LPH] / Korean Service Medal (8 stars) 3rd Row: Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal [LPH] / Vietnam Service Medal (9 stars) [LPH] / Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (GCMwP) [LPH] 4th Row: United Nations Korean Medal / Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal [LPH] / Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive) CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Ordered 14 Jun 1943 to Philadelphia Navy Yard, Philadelphia, PA. Laid down 7 Sep 1944. Launched 18 Nov 1945, sponsored by Mrs. A. A. Vandegrift, wife o f the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and commissioned 3 Nov 1946. Reclassified as an "Attack Aircraft Carrier" and redesignated CVA-45, 1 Oct 1952. Modified at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, VA, and reclassified as an "Antisubmarine Warfare Support Aircraft Carrier" (CVS-45), 1 Jan 1954. Converted to an "Amphibious Assault Ship (Helicopter)" at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, VA, Mar–Jul 1961. Reclassified LPH-8, 1 Jul 1961. FATE : Decommissioned and stricken 15 Jan 1970. Sold for scrapping to Nicolai Joffre Corp., Beverly Hills, CA, 29 Oct 1971.
  • 70.
    • Named for a locality in Chester County, PA, where the Continental Army suffered bitter cold and privation during the winter of 1777–1778 while British troops basked in warmth and plenty in nearby Philadelphia. Yet, because of the inspiring example of leaders like George Washington and skillful training by drill instructors like Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus von Steuben, the American Army emerged from its winter encampment with renewed self confidence, courage, and fighting ability. The name Valley Forge has since become a symbol of the triumph of American patriotism and self-sacrifice.
    • Valley Forge was built with money raised by the citizens of Philadelphia in a special war bond drive.
    A hajót a Pennsylvaniai Chester megyében levő helységről nevezték el, ahol 1777-78 telén a Kontinentális hadsereg zord hidegtől és nélkülözéstől szenvedett, míg a brit csapatok melegben és bőségben sütkéreztek a közeli Philadelphiában. Mégis a vezetők megihlető példája George Washington lelkesítő jelenléte, az ügyes gyakorlóoktatók, mint Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus von Steuben szakszerű kiképzése eredményeként az amerikai hadsereg megújított önbizalommal, bátran és küzdőképesen hagyta el a téli táborhelyét. A név Valley Forge azóta az amerikai hazafiság és önfeláldozás győzelmének szimbóluma lett. Valley Forge hordozót Philadelphia állampolgárai egy különleges háborús kötvény jegyzéséből befolyt pénzből építették. Namesake
  • 71. CVA-45 CVS-45
  • 72. USS Valley Forge (LPH-8 ex CV / CVA / CVS-45)
    • Boxer Class Amphibious Assault Ship (Helicopter):
    • Specifications :
    • Displacement 26,556 t.(lt) 36,457 t.(fl) Length 888‘ Beam 138‘ Draft 30' (max.) Complement 1,200 Troop Accommodations 1,450 Aircraft 30 Helicopters Armament two dual 5"/38 DP gun mounts Propulsion eight 600 psig M-type B&W boilers, 4 steam turbines, 4 shafts, 75,000 SHP, 4 - 750 KW generators; Speed 33 kts.
  • 73. LPH-8 Commanding Officers
    • CAPT Melvin, Clarence Agee 07.09.1960 to 00.00.1962
    • CAPT Jackson, Henry Smith 16.09.1961 to 00.00.1963
    • CAPT Fidel, John Anthony 31.10.1962 to 00.00.1963
    • CAPT Parks, John Edward 20.09.1963 to 24.09.1964
    • CAPT Conatser, Charles Neal 24.09.1964 to 00.06.1965
    • CAPT Madson, Richard Oscar 07.08.1965 to 12.08.1966
    • CAPT Carr, Charles Harrison 12.08.1966 to 00.00.1967
    • CAPT Payne, Paul Elbert 01.12.1967 to
    • CAPT Henderson, David William 25.11.1968 to
    • CDR Schock, Robert Edson 11.12.1969 to 15.01.1970
  • 74. IWO JIMA   (CV-46) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Hotel - Sierra - Mike CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Ordered 14 Jun 1943 to Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Newport News, Va. Laid down 7 Sep 1944. Fate: Iwo Jima was canceled August 12, 1945. Her partially completed hull was scrapped. (Source: DANFS, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, located on the Naval Historical Center website.) Sorsa : Iwo Jimát 1945. augusztus 12-én törölték. A részben elkészített hajótestet kiselejtezték. (Forrás: DANFS, Amerikai Haditengerészeti Harci Hajók Könyve, Haditengerészeti Történeti Központ honlap.)
  • 75. Namesake
    • Named after a small volcanic island in the Bonin Group, site of one of the most important and most bitterly fought amphibious operations of the Pacific War. The strategic island, needed as an air base for the assault on Japan itself, was invaded February 19, 1945 and declared secure almost a month later. Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz spoke eloquently of the sailors and marines who fought there: "Among the Americans who served on Iwo Island uncommon valor was a common virtue." The famous photograph of the flag-raising on Mount Suribachi has become a symbol of valor and strength in the years since 1945.
    Five Marines and a Navy corpsman raise the second flag on top of Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, February 23, 1945. The service members are Ira Hayes, Franklin Sousley, Michael Strank, John Bradley, Rene Gagnon and Harlon Block. Photo by Joe Rosenthal . A hajó a Bonin szigetcsoportban levő kicsi vulkáni szigetről kapta a nevét, mely a Csendes-óceáni harcok egyik fontos helyszíne, ahol a partraszállók nagyon keserű harcot vívtak a győzelemért. A stratégiai szigetet, a légi támaszpontért volt szükséges a Japánoktól elfoglalni. 1945. február 19-én lerohanták és majdnem egy hónappal később foglalták el. A flottaparancsnok Chester W Nimitz tengernagy ékesszólóan beszélt, azokról a tengerészekről és tengerészgyalogosokról, akik ott harcoltak: „Azok között az amerikaiak között, akik az Iwo szigetért harcoltak, közös erény volt a különleges bátorság.” A híres fénykép, a Suribachin hegyen emelt zászló, 1945 óta a bátorság és az erő szimbóluma lett. Iwo Jima sziget Suribachi hegytetőn 1945. február 23-án öt tengerészgyalogos és egy haditengerész-szanitéc kitűzik a győzelmi lobogót. A katonák Ira Hayes, Franklin Sousley, Michael Strank, John Bradley, Rene Gagnon és Harlon Block. Photo by Joe Rosenthal.
  • 76.  
  • 77. USS PHILIPPINE SEA   (CV-47) ( later CVA-47 , CVS-47 and AVT-11) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Tango - Mike - Uniform Tactical Voice Radio Call: "CASHEW" CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7" (Max) Armament 12 x 5"/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Hanger deck, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2" Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Initially named Wright , Philippine Sea (CV-47) was laid down by the Bethlehem Steel Co., Quincy, Mass. 19 August 1944, launched 5 September 1945, sponsored Mrs. Albert B. Chandler and commissioned 11 May 1946, Capt. D.S. Cornwell in command. Designation was changed to CVA-47 in October 1952. Redesignated as a CVS-47 15 November 1955. FATE: Decommissioned 28 December 1958 and berthed with the Reserve Fleet at Long Beach, she was redesignated AVT-11, 15 May 1959, and struck from the Navy List 1 December 1969 and sold for scrapping on 23 March 1971 to Zidell Explorations Corp., Portland, Oregon. Ships Bell located at SUPSHIPS, Bath, Maine. About 600 tons of her armor plate have been put to use at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.
  • 78. Namesake
    • The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea east and north of the Philippines occupying an estimated surface area of 90, 000 mi² (1, 000, 000 km²) on the western part of the North Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by the Philippine Islands ( Luzon , Samar , Leyte and Mindanao ) on the southwest; Palau , Yap , and Ulithi (of the Carolines ) on the southeast; the Marianas , including Guam , Saipan , and Tinian , on the east; the Bonin and Iwo Jima on the northeast; the Japanese islands of Honshu , Shikoku , and Kyushu on the north; the Ryukyu Islands ( Okinawa , Miyako , and Yaeyama ) on the northwest; and Taiwan in the extreme west.
    • The sea has a complex and diverse undersea relief. Another prominent feature of the Philippine Sea is the presence of deep sea trench, among them the Philippine Deep and the Marianas Trench, the deepest point in the planet.
    • The ship his name the World War 2 a Pacific theatre of war got it for the respect of naval battles fought with the Japaneses in Philippine Sea area.
    A Fülöp-szigeteki tenger a Csendes-óceán észak-nyugati térségének 90.000 mi² (1, 000, 000 km²) kiterjedésű része, délnyugati oldalán a keskeny Fülöp-szigetekkel. A Fülöp-szigeteki tengert délnyugaton Luzon, Samar, Leyte és Mindanao; délkeleten Palau, Yap, és Ulithi (a Caroline-ok); keleten a Marianas, köztük Guam, Saipan, és Tinian; északkeleten Bonin és Iwo Jima; északon Honshu japán szigetei, Shikoku, és Kyushu; északnyugaton a Ryukyu szigetek (Okinawa, Miyako, és Yaeyama); és nyugaton az extrém Tajvan határolja. A tengernek van egy összetett és egy különálló tenger alatti domborzata. A Fülöp-szigeteki tenger egy másik kiemelkedő jellemzője a mély tengeri árok jelenléte közöttük a Fülöp-szigeteki-mélység és a bolygó legmélyebb pontja a Mariana-árok. A hajó a nevét a II. világháború Csendes-óceáni hadszíntér Philippine Sea térségében a japánokkal vívott tengeri ütközetek tiszteletére kapta.
  • 79.  
  • 80. USS SAIPAN   (CVL-48) ( later AVT-6; renamed Arlington (AGMR-2)) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - India - Lima - Bravo Tactical Voice Radio Call: "TRAINSHED" CLASS – SAIPAN „ Light Aircraft Carrier” Displacement 14,500 Tons, Dimensions , 683' 7" (oa) x 76' 8" x 28' (Max) Armament 40 x 40mm, 32x 20mm, 48 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Deck. Machinery , 120,000 SHP; G.E. Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 1721. Operational and Building Data The first Saipan (CVL-48) was laid down on 10 July 1944 by the New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, N.J.; launched on 8 July 1945, sponsored by Mrs. John W. McCormack; and commissioned on 14 July 1946, Capt. John G. Crommelin in command, decommissioned on 3 October 1957. FATE: Reclassified AVT-6 on 15 May 1959, remained in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet until March 1963. She then entered the Alabama Dry Dock and Shipbuilding Co. yard at Mobile to begin conversion to a command ship . Briefly designated CC-3, she was reclassified a „Communications Major Relay” ship (AGMR-2) on 1 September 1964 while still undergoing conversion. On 8 April 1965, she was renamed Arlington and on 12 August 1966, she completed her conversion. As Arlington (AGMR-2), she sailed for Norfolk where she was recommissioned on 27 August 1966. Decommissioned on 14 January 1970 and berthed with the Inactive Fleet at San Diego, where she remains into 1974. Final Disposition, sold for scrapping by Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service, 1 June 1976. Monterey CV-26 >>
  • 81. N a m e s a k e
    • The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II , fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June 1944 to 9 July 1944 . The invasion fleet embarking the expeditionary forces left Pearl Harbor on June 5th, 1944 — the very same day the allies launched Operation Overlord and the cross-channel invasion of Normandy. The Normandy landings were the larger amphibious landing, but the Mariana's invasion fielded the larger fleet.
    A Saipani Csata a II. világháború Csendes-óceáni hadszíntér Mariana szigetcsoport felszabadításának egyik csatája volt, 1944. június 15-étől 1944. július 9-éig. Az inváziós flotta, ami az expedíciós erőket szállította, 1944. június 5-én elhagyta Pearl Harbort — ugyanazon a napon az európai hadszíntéren a szövetségesek elindították a Normandiai partraszállást. A Normandiai hadművelet nagyobb partraszálló erőt, a Mariana invázió nagyobb flottát alkotott. Renamed Arlington , in honor of Arlington County, Va., the site of one of the Navy's first wireless test stations A hajót átkeresztelték Arlington ra, a Virginiai Arlington megye tiszteletére, a haditengerészet első vezeték nélküli tesztállomása emlékére.
  • 82.  
  • 83.  
  • 84. USS WRIGHT   (CVL-49) ( later AVT-7 and CC-2) CLASS – SAIPAN „ Light Aircraft Carrier” Displacement 14,500 Tons, Dimensions , 683' 7" (oa) x 76' 8" x 28' (Max) Armament 40 x 40mm, 32x 20mm, 48 Aircraft. Armor , 4" Belt, 2 1/2" Deck. Machinery , 120,000 SHP; G.E. Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 1721. Operational and Building Data Laid down on 21 Aug 1944 at Camden, N.J., by the New York Shipbuilding Corp.; launched on 1 Sep 1945, sponsored by Mrs. Harold S. Miller, a niece of the Wright brothers and commissioned at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard on 9 Feb 1947, Capt. Frank T. Ward in command. Decommissioned on 15 Mar 1956. During her time in reserve, reclassified on 15 May 1959, an „Auxiliary Aircraft Transport”, AVT-7. Recommissioned at Puget Sound on 11 May 1963 as a command ship , designated CC-2. Ultimately decommissioned on 27 May 1970, was placed in reserve at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyardplaced. FATE: Stricken from the Navy List on 1 Dec 1977, and sold by the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping on 1 Aug 1980.
  • 85. Namesake
    • CVL-49 was named after the Wright brothers: Wilbur (1867-1912, right ) and Orville (1871-1948, left ), aviation pioneers who made the first sustained, controlled, powered airplane flight in history, near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, December 17, 1903.
    A CVL-49-et a Wright testvérekről nevezték el: Wilbur (1867-1912, jobbra) és Orville (1871-1948, balra), a repülés úttörői, akik a történelemben elsőként hajtottak végre repülőgépükkel irányított repülést az Észak Carolinai Kitty Hawk közelében, 1903 december 17-én.
  • 86.  
  • 87.  
  • 88. UNNAMED (CVB 44) Never Laid Down UNNAMED (CV 50) Never Laid Down UNNAMED (CV 51) Never Laid Down UNNAMED (CV 52) Never Laid Down UNNAMED (CV 53) Never Laid Down UNNAMED (CV 54) Never Laid Down UNNAMED (CV 55) Never Laid Down UNNAMED (CVB 56) Never Laid Down UNNAMED (CVB 57) Never Laid Down TÖRÖLVE
  • 89. http://www.navsource.org/archives/02idx.htm http://www.navy.mil/navydata/ships/carriers/carriers.asp http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/index.html http://www.maritimequest.com/ http://www.chinfo.navy.mil/navpalib/ships/carriers/cv-list1.html http://www.hazegray.org/navhist/carriers/
    • Music:
    • John Scott - The Final Countdown
        • 01 Main Titles
        • 03 USS Nimitz Enroute
        • 17 General Quarters
    • (Mix: Kapitán József)
    Power Point: Kapitán József Aircraft Carrier CVA >> << Aircraft Carrier CV (1)