Aircraft Carrier Cv (1)

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U.S. Navy aircraft carrier series (CV-1-24).
USA Haditengerészet repülőgéphordozó sorozat

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Aircraft Carrier Cv (1)

  1. 1. Aircraft Carrier Class – CV 1 Langley, Lexington (2), Ranger, Yorktown (3), Wasp, Essex (13), Independence (3)
  2. 2. USS LANGLEY   (CV-1) ( formerly Jupiter (Collier #3); later AV-3) Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row (as Jupiter ): Mexican Service Medal / World War I Victory Medal ("Transport" clasp) 2nd Row (as Langley ): American Defense Service Medal ("Fleet" clasp) / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal / World War II Victory Medal Specifications (As converted to a carrier, 1922) Displacement: 13,990 tons standard; 15,150 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 520' x 65' 3" x 22' 1" (full load)  /  158.5 x 19.9 x 6.7 meters Dimensions (max.): 542' 2.5" x 65' 6"  /  165.3 x 20 meters Armor: None Power plant: 3 boilers (190 psi); geared turbines and electric drive; 2 shafts; 6,500 shp Speed: 15.5 knots Endurance: Armament: 4 single 5"/51 gun mounts Aircraft: 34 Aviation facilities: 1 elevator; 1 catapult (second catapult added soon afterwards) Crew: 468 (ship's company + air wing) Builder: Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, Calif. 8 May 1942 24 Mar 1920 7 Apr 1913 20 Mar 1922 24 Aug 1912 18 Oct 1911 Stricken Törlés Decommissioned Leszerelés Commissioned Szolgálatba állás Launched Vízre bocsátás Laid down Építési szerződés Adwarded Közbeszerzés meghirdetése Langley Class Aircraft Carrier
  3. 3. CV-1 <ul><li>Named after Samuel Pierpont Langley (1834-1906), American astronomer, physicist, and pioneer in the development of heavier-than-air craft. </li></ul><ul><li>Built as a collier and named Jupiter (Collier # 3), she was the first surface ship propelled by electric motors. </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion to an aircraft carrier authorized, and design work completed, in July 1919. </li></ul><ul><li>Converted into the first US aircraft carrier at the Norfolk Navy Yard. </li></ul><ul><li>Renamed Langley , 21 April 1920. Reclassified as an aircraft carrier and redesignated CV-1. </li></ul><ul><li>Converted to a seaplane tender at the Mare Island Navy Yard (25 October 1936-26 February 1937). Redesignated AV-3, 21 April 1937. </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Bombed by Japanese aircraft, 27 February 1942, and scuttled by her escorting destroyers, about 75 miles south of Tjilatjap, Java. </li></ul><ul><li>16 of her crew were lost with the ship and remain on duty. </li></ul>Samuel Pierpont Langley <ul><li>Nevét Samuel Pierpont Langley (1834-1906), amerikai csillagász, fizikus és a légi eszközök fejlesztésének úttörője. </li></ul><ul><li>A zömök szénszállítónak épített gőzhajó a Jupiter (Collier # 3) nevet kapta, s ez volt az első felszíni hajó, melyet elektromotorok hajtottak. </li></ul><ul><li>Áttervezve és átépítve repülőgép-hordozóvá 1919. Július hónapban. </li></ul><ul><li>Így az USA első repülőgép-hordozóját a Norfolki Haditengerészeti Vállalat építette. </li></ul><ul><li>Átnevezve Langley -nek, valamint repülőgép-hordozó osztályba átminősítve és CV-1 jelzéssel újra bejegyezve 1920. Április 21-én. </li></ul><ul><li>Átalakítva a Hidroplán Tender alapján vízirepülőgép-segédhajóvá a Mare Szigeti Haditengerészeti Vállalatnál (1936. Október 25-1937. Február 26). Újraszignálva AV-3 jelzéssel, 1937. Április 21-én. </li></ul><ul><li>Sorsa: 1942. Február 27-én Japán repülőgépek bombatalálatától a kísérő rombolók nem tudták megvédeni és Java szigetétől délre 75 mérföldre, Tjilatjap közelében elsüllyedt. </li></ul><ul><li>16 matróz veszett a hullámsírba a hajóval. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Specifications (Collier) Specifications : Displacement 19,360 t. Length 542' Beam 65' Draft 27' 8&quot; Speed 15 kts. Complement 163 Armament four 4&quot;guns Propulsion steam, twin screws (CV and AV) Specifications : Displacement 11,500 t. Length 542' Beam 65' Speed 15 kts. Complement 468 Armament four 5&quot; guns Aircraft 55 (max) Propulsion system unknown
  5. 7. USS LEXINGTON   (CV-2) Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: American Defense Service Medal (&quot;Fleet&quot; clasp) / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (2 stars) / World War II Victory Medal Specifications (As built, 1927) Displacement (design): 36,000 tons standard; 38,746 tons Dimensions (wl): 850' x 105' 5.25&quot; x 24' 3&quot;  /  259.1 x 32.1 x 7.4 meters Dimensions (max.): 880' x 106'  /  268.2 x 32.3 meters Armor: 7&quot;-5&quot; belt; 2&quot; protective (3rd) deck; 3&quot; (flat)-4.5&quot; (slopes) over steering gear Power plant: 16 boilers (300 psi); geared turbines and electric drive; 4 shafts; 180,000 shp (design) Speed: 33.25+ knots Endurance (design): 10,000 nautical miles @ 10 knots Armament: 4 twin 8&quot;/55 gun mounts; 12 single 5&quot;/25 gun mounts Aircraft: 90 Aviation facilities: 2 elevators; 1 flywheel catapult Crew: 2,122 (ship's company + air wing) Builder: Bethlehem Steel Corp., Fore River, Quincy, Mass. 24 Jun 1942 14 Dec 1927 3 Oct 1925 8 Jan 1921 (see below) Stricken Decommissioned Commissioned Launched Laid down Adwarded Lexington Class Aircraft Carrier
  6. 8. <ul><li>Named to commemorate the events of 19 April 1775: Minutemen fought a detachment of British troops at Lexington, Mass., opening the Revolutionary War with the &quot;shot heard round the world.&quot; Three previous US warships had borne this name. </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered in the spring of 1917 and laid down as a Lexington -class Battle Cruiser . Designated CC-1. </li></ul><ul><li>Construction suspended on 8 February 1922. </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion to an aircraft carrier authorized on 1 July 1922. Redesignated CV-2. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-ordered as an aircraft carrier in the fall of 1922. </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored by Mrs. Theodore D. Robinson, wife of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1924–1929). </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Torpedoed and bombed by Japanese carrier-based aircraft, 8 May 1942 (Battle of the Coral Sea) (read War Damage Report No. 16 , located on the NAVSEA 05P4 web site). Scuttled by USS Phelps (DD-360). </li></ul><ul><li>A number of her crew were lost with the ship and remain on active duty. </li></ul><ul><li>Nevét az 1775. Április 19-i Lexingtoni csata emlékére kapta, melyet a szabadcsapatok vívtak a brit hadsereggel, elindítva kihírdetve a világnak a Függetlenségi Háborút. Megelőzően ezt a nevet már három USA hadihajó is viselte. </li></ul><ul><li>Megrendelve 1917 tavaszán, bejegyezve Lexington -osztályú Csatacirkálóként (Battle Cruiser), CC-1 jelzéssel. </li></ul><ul><li>A szerkezet építését 1922. Február 8-án felfüggesztették. </li></ul><ul><li>Áttérés elrendelve repülőgép-hordozóra 1922. Július 1. Újra bejegyezése CV-2. </li></ul><ul><li>Újra megrendelve immár repülőgép-hordozónak 1922 végén. </li></ul><ul><li>Szponzora Mrs. Theodore D. Robinson, a Haditengerészet Másodtitkárának (1924–1929) felesége. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Sorsa: A Coral Sea csatában, 1942. Május 8-án Japán repülőgépek torpedói és bombái végzetesen eltalálták (olvasható a War Damage 16. sz. jelentésében, a NAVSEA 05P4 weblapon), ezért az USS Phelps (DD-360) elsüllyesztette. </li></ul><ul><li>A legénységből sokan odavesztek a hajóval. </li></ul>CV-16 >>
  7. 9. Rear Admiral David W. Taylor, USN (left), Chief of the Bureau of Construction and Repair, and Rear Admiral John K. Robison, USN (right), Chief of the Bureau of Engineering, hold a model of the battle cruisers (CC-1 class) then under construction, 8 March 1922. In the foreground is a model of an aircraft carrier design converted from the battle cruiser hull. This photo illustrates the genesis of the Lexington -class aircraft carrier design. Standing in the background are (from left to right): Rear Admiral William A. Moffett, USN, Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics; Congressman Frederick C. Hicks, of New York; Congressman Clark Burdick, of Rhode Island; and Congressman Philip D. Swing, of California. Photographed at the Navy Department by Harris & Ewing.
  8. 12. USS SARATOGA   (CV-3) Specifications (As built, 1927) Displacement (design): 36,000 tons standard; 38,746 tons Dimensions (wl): 850' x 105' 5.25&quot; x 24' 3&quot;  /  259.1 x 32.1 x 7.4 meters Dimensions (max.): 880' x 106'  /  268.2 x 32.3 meters Armor: 7&quot;-5&quot; belt; 2&quot; protective (3rd) deck; 3&quot; (flat)-4.5&quot; (slopes) over steering gear Power plant: 16 boilers (300 psi); geared turbines and electric drive; 4 shafts; 180,000 shp (design) Speed: 33.25+ knots Endurance (design): 10,000 nautical miles @ 10 knots Armament: 4 twin 8&quot;/55 gun mounts; 12 single 5&quot;/25 gun mounts Aircraft: 90 Aviation facilities: 2 elevators; 1 flywheel catapult Crew: 2,122 (ship's company + air wing) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Echo - Lima - Bravo Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: American Defense Service Medal (&quot;Fleet&quot; clasp) 2nd Row: American Campaign Medal / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (8 stars) / World War II Victory Medal Builder: New York Shipbuilding Co., Camden, N.J. 15 Aug 1946 16 Nov 1927 7 Apr 1925 25 Sep 1920 (see below) Stricken Decommissioned Commissioned Launched Laid down Adwarded Lexington Class Aircraft Carrier
  9. 13. SARATOGA   (CV-3) <ul><li>Elnevezve a Saratogai csatáról, melyben a Horatio Gates vezette amerikai csapatok legyőzték a John Burgoyne vezette brit hadsereget 1777. Október 17-én. Ez volt a Függetlenségi háború első jelentős amerikai katonai sikere, mely meggyőzte Franciaországot, hogy ismerje el az Egyesült Államok függetlenségét és szövetségeseként lépjen be a háborúba. Korábban négy USA hadihajó is viselte már ezt a nevet. </li></ul><ul><li>Megrendelve 1917 tavaszán és lejegyezve Lexington -osztályú Csatacirkálóként (Battle Cruiser). Szignálva CC-3. </li></ul><ul><li>Felfüggesztve a szerkezet építése 1922. Február 8-án. </li></ul><ul><li>Áttérés engedélyezve repülőgép-hordozóra 1922. Július 1-jén. Újraszignálva CV-3. </li></ul><ul><li>Újrarendelve az építés immár repülőgép-hordozónak 1922 végén. </li></ul><ul><li>Sorsa: A Bikini-szigeteknél atombomba teszt (Operation Crossroads ) során elsüllyesztették, 1946. Július 25-én. </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered in the spring of 1917 and laid down as a Lexington -class Battle Cruiser . Designated CC-3. </li></ul><ul><li>Construction suspended on 8 February 1922. </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion to an aircraft carrier authorized on 1 July 1922. Redesignated CV-3. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-ordered as an aircraft carrier in the fall of 1922. </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Expended as a target at Bikini Atoll atomic bomb tests (Operation Crossroads ), 25 July 1946. </li></ul><ul><li>Named after the Battle of Saratoga . On 17 October 1777, a British Army led by General John Burgoyne surrendered at Saratoga, N.Y., to American troops under General Horatio Gates. This was the first significant American military victory during the Revolutionary War and induced France to recognize the independence of the United States and enter the war as America's ally. Four previous US warships had borne this name. </li></ul>
  10. 16. Ex-USS Saratoga (CV-3) sinking in Bikini Lagoon after she was fatally damaged by the &quot;Baker Day&quot; underwater atomic bomb test, 25 July 1946. Ex-USS Saratoga (CV-3) elsüllyesztése tesztelés céljából Baker Day víz alatti atombombával, Bikini Lagoonban, 1946. július 25-én.
  11. 17. Commanding Officers <ul><li>Captain Harry E. Yarnell 30 Sep 1927 - 15 Sep 1928    (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Captain John Halligan, Jr. 15 Sep 1928 - 20 Apr 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Frederick J. Horne 20 Apr 1929 - 5 Sep 1930 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Frank McCrary 5 Sep 1930 - 11 Jul 1932 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain George W. Steel 11 Jul 1932 - 31 Dec 1932 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Rufus F. Zogbaum 31 Dec 1932 - 12 Jun 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Kenneth Whiting 12 Jun 1934 - 6 Jul 1935 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William F. Halsey, Jr. 6 Jul 1935 - 9 Jun 1937 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain John H. Towers 9 Jun 1937 - 16 Jun 1938 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Albert C. Read 16 Jun 1938 - 15 Mar 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Robert P. Molten 15 Mar 1940 - 6 Jun 1940    (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Archibald H. Douglas 6 Jun 1940 - 12 May 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain De Witt C. Ramsey 12 May 1942 - 27 Sep 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Gerald F. Bogan 27 Sep 1942 - 7 Apr 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Henry M. Mullinix 7 Apr 1943 - 22 Aug 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain John H. Cassady 22 Aug 1943 - 22 Jun 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Thomas U. Sisson 22 Jun 1944 - 31 Jul 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Lucian A. Moebus 31 Jul 1944 - 27 Apr 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Frank Akers 27 Apr 1945 - 4 Feb 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander John R. Diffley 4 Feb 1946 - 6 Mar 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Stanhope C. Ring 6 Mar 1946 - 2 Jun 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Donald S. MacMahan 2 Jun 1946 - 25 Jul 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Notes: (1) CAPT Henry V. Butler was ordered to Camden on July 2, 1926 as prospective commanding officer of USS Saratoga , but delays in her construction prevented him from actually becoming Sara 's first Captain. (2) CAPT Molten died aboard on May 28, 1940. Sara 's XO, CDR James M. Shoemaker, assumed temporary command of the ship. </li></ul>
  12. 18. USS RANGER   (CV-4) Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: American Defense Service Medal (&quot;A&quot; device) / American Campaign Medal 2nd Row: European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (2 stars) / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal / World War II Victory Medal Specifications (As built, 1934) Displacement: 14,576 tons standard; 17,577 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 730' x 80' x 22' 4.875&quot; (full load)  /  222.5 x 24.4 x 6.8 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 769' x 109.5'  /  234.4 x 33.4 meters Armor: 2&quot; (sides and bulkheads)-1&quot; (top) over steering gear Power plant: 6 boilers (??? psi); steam turbines; 2 shafts; 53,500 shp Speed: 29.25 knots Endurance (design): 10,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 8 single 5&quot;/25 gun mounts; 40 .50-cal machine guns Aircraft: 86 Aviation facilities: 3 elevators; no catapult Crew: 2,148 (ship's company + air wing) (1941 figure) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Alpha - Bravo - Foxtrot Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News, Va. 29 Oct 1946 18 Oct 1946 4 Jun 1934 25 Feb 1933 26 Sep 1931 1 Nov 1930 Stricken Decommissioned Commissioned Launched Laid down Adwarded Ranger Class Aircraft Carrier
  13. 19. RANGER   (CV-4) <ul><li>Elnevezve az USA korábbi öt ilyen nevű hadihajó emlékére. A &quot;Ranger&quot; (Parkőr) őrjáratozik; a hadsereg felderítője. A nevet Charles F. Adams a Haditengerészet Titkára 1930. December 10-én jelölte ki. </li></ul><ul><li>A CV-4 volt az első USA hadihajó, amelyet repülőgép-hordozónak terveztek és építettek. </li></ul><ul><li>Szponzor Mrs. Lou Henry Hoover, Herbert Hoovernek, az Egyesült Államok elnökének felesége. A társaságkedvelő hölgy az első First Lady aki repülőgép-hordozót keresztelt. </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrendbe állt 1934. Június 4-én. </li></ul><ul><li>Kivonva 1946. Október 18-án. </li></ul><ul><li>Sorsa: Elbontva a Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, Pa., hajógyárban 1947. January 28-án. </li></ul><ul><li>Named to commemorate five US warships which had previously borne the name. &quot;Ranger&quot; means &quot;one who wanders; military scout.&quot; Secretary of the Navy Charles F. Adams assigned the name on December 10, 1930. </li></ul><ul><li>CV-4 was the first US warship designed and built from the keel up as an aircraft carrier. </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored by Mrs. Lou Henry Hoover, wife of Herbert Hoover, the outgoing President of the United States. Mrs. Hoover, who smashed a bottle of Prohibition-era grape juice on the bow of the ship, thus became the first First Lady to christen an aircraft carrier. </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioned on Monday, June 4, 1934. </li></ul><ul><li>Decommissioned on Friday, October 18, 1946. </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Sold for scrap to Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, Pa., January 28, 1947. </li></ul>
  14. 22. USS YORKTOWN   (CV-5) Specifications (As built, 1937) Displacement: 19,800 tons standard; 25,500 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 761' x 83.25' x 25' 11.5&quot; (full load)  /  232 x 25.4 x 7.9 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 809.5' x 109.5'  /  246.7 x 33.4 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 60 lbs protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 4&quot; (side)-2&quot; (top) conning tower; 4&quot; (side) over steering gear Power plant: 9 boilers (400 psi); steam turbines; 4 shafts; 120,000 shp Speed: 32.5 knots Endurance (design): 12,500 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 8 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 4 quad 1.1&quot;/75 machine gun mounts; 24 .50-cal machine guns Aircraft: 90+ Aviation facilities: 3 elevators; 2 flight-deck and 1 hangar-deck hydraulic catapults Crew: 2,217 (ship's company + air wing) (1941 figure) Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: American Defense Service Medal (&quot;A&quot; device) 2nd Row: American Campaign Medal / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (3 stars) / World War II Victory Medal Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News, Va. 2 Oct 1942 30 Sep 1937 4 Apr 1936 21 May 1934 3 Aug 1933 Stricken Decommissioned Commissioned Launched Laid down Adwarded Yorktown Class Aircraft Carrier
  15. 23. <ul><li>decisive victory by a combined assault of French forces led by General Comte de Rochambeau and American forces led by General George Washington, over a British Army commanded by General Lord Cornwallis. It proved to be the last major battle of the American Revolutionary War, as the surrender of Cornwallis’s army prompted the British government to eventually negotiate an end to the conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>Authorized under the National Industrial Recovery Act of 16 June 1933. </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Disabled by Japanese carrier aircraft bombs and torpedoes, 4 June 1942 (Battle of Midway) (read War Damage Report No. 25 ). Torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-168 , 6 June. Sunk on 7 June 1942. </li></ul><ul><li>A number of her crew were lost with the ship and remain on active duty. </li></ul><ul><li>A hajót arról a Virginiában található városról nevezték el, ahol 1781 őszén az amerikai forradalom egyik legnagyobb csatáját vívták. Két előző amerikai hadihajó is viselte már ezt a nevet. </li></ul><ul><li>A Yorktowni csata (1781. szeptember 28–október 19) a Comte de Rochambeau tábornok vezette francia és George Washington tábornok által vezette amerikai erők kombinált támadással kivívott döntő győzelme a Lord Cornwallis tábornok vezette Brit Hadsereg fölött. Ez az amerikai Függetlenségi Háború utolsó jelentős csatájának bizonyult, mivel Cornwallis hadseregének veresége arra ösztönözte a brit kormányt, hogy tárgyalja meg a konfliktus lezárását. </li></ul><ul><li>A hajó megépítését 1933. június 16-án a nemzeti ipari fellendülés időszakában engedélyezték. </li></ul><ul><li>Sors : a Midway csatában 1942. június 4-én a japán repülőgép bombáktól és torpedóktól megsérült, majd mozgásképtelen-né vált hajót (olvasható a War Damage Report No.25 újságban), június 6-án az I-168 japán tengeralattjáró megtorpedózta. Elsüllyedt 1942. június 7-én. A legénység és a felszerelés nagy része megsemmisült. </li></ul>Named after a town in Virginia, where the climactic battle of the American Revolution was fought in the autumn of 1781. Two previous US warships had borne this name. The Siege of Yorktown or Battle of Yorktown (September 28–October 19, 1781) was a CV-10 >>
  16. 27. USS ENTERPRISE   (CV-6) ( later CVA-6 and CVS-6) Specifications (As built, 1938) Displacement: 19,800 tons standard; 25,500 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 761' x 83.25' x 25' 11.5&quot; (full load)  /  232 x 25.4 x 7.9 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 809.5' x 109.5'  /  246.7 x 33.4 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 60 lbs protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 4&quot; (side)-2&quot; (top) conning tower; 4&quot; (side) over steering gear Power plant: 9 boilers (400 psi); steam turbines; 4 shafts; 120,000 shp; Speed: 32.5 knots Endurance (design): 12,500 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 8 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 4 quad 1.1&quot;/75 machine gun mounts; 24 .50-cal machine guns Aircraft: 90+; Aviation facilities: 3 elevators; 2 flight-deck and 1 hangar-deck hydraulic catapults Crew: 2,217 (ship's company + air wing) (1941 figure) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - India - Quebec - Mike Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: Presidential Unit Citation / Navy Unit Commendation 2nd Row: American Defense Service Medal (&quot;Fleet&quot; clasp) / American Campaign Medal / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (20 stars) 3rd Row: World War II Victory Medal / Philippine Presidential Unit Citation / Philippine Liberation Medal (1 star) British Admiralty Flag On 23 Nov. 1945, at Southampton, England, Sir Albert Victor Alexander, First Lord of the Admiralty, and Admiral of the Fleet Sir Andrew B. Cunningham, First Sea Lord, visited USS Enterprise and the British Admiralty Flag was hoisted in the ship. This was the first time since its creation in the 16th Century that such a pennant had flown from a foreign warship. The flag was presented to the ship as a memento. Task Force 16 Citation Enterprise , Hornet , 16 other ships and their 10,000 sailors, airmen and Marines, who took part in the Doolittle raid in April 1942, were officially recognized for their daring exploit 53 years later, on 15 May 1995. In a ceremony at the Pentagon they were presented the Task Force 16 Citation by the Secretary of the Navy, Mr. John H. Dalton. Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News, Va. 2 Oct 1956 17 Feb 1947 12 May 1938 3 Oct 1936 16 Jul 1934 3 Aug 1933 Stricken Decommissioned Commissioned Launched Laid down Adwarded Yorktown Class Aircraft Carrier
  17. 28. ENTERPRISE   (CV-6) <ul><li>Enterprise was the carrier that fought the most throughout the entire war. She engaged in every major carrier action, except one (Coral Sea). </li></ul><ul><li>The Big 'E' was the most decorated ship of World War II. She was the first carrier awarded the Presidential Unit Citation, and the only carrier awarded both the Presidential Unit Citation and the Navy Unit Commendation during World War II. </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of the Navy Forrestal stated in 1945 that Enterprise was &quot;the one vessel that most nearly symbolizes the history of the Navy in this war.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassified as an &quot;Attack Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVA-6, 1 October 1952, while in reserve. </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassified as an &quot;Antisubmarine Warfare Support Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVS-6, 8 August 1953, while in reserve. </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Effort to save the ship as a memorial at Washington DC failed due to lack of funds. Sold for scrapping 1 July 1958; scrapped at Kearny, NJ, September 1958 to March 1960. </li></ul><ul><li>Named to commemorate six US warships which had previously borne the name. &quot;Enterprise&quot; means &quot;boldness, energy, and invention in practical affairs.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Authorized under the National Industrial Recovery Act of 16 June 1933. </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored by Mrs. Lucy (&quot;Lulie&quot;) Lyons Hall Swanson, wife of Claude A. Swanson , 45th Secretary of the Navy (1933–1939.) </li></ul><ul><li>Az Enterprise harcolt a legtöbbet a világháborúban, a Coral Sea hadművelet kivételével minden haditengerészeti akcióban résztvett. </li></ul><ul><li>A Big (nagy) 'E' volt a II. világháború első hordozója, amely megkapta a Presidential Unit Citation kitüntetést és az egyetlen repülőgép-hordozó, amelynek a Presidential Unit Citation és a Navy Unit Commendation kitüntetést is odaítélték. </li></ul><ul><li>James Forrestal, a Haditengerészet Titkára 1945-ben kijelentette, „az Enterprise repülőgép-hordozó jelképezte majdnem az egész haditengerészet történetét a háborúban.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Átalakítva, új osztályba sorolva &quot;Attack Aircraft Carrier&quot; (Támadó repülőgép-hordozónak), és CVA-6 jelzéssel újra hadrendbe állítva, 1952. Október 1-jén. </li></ul><ul><li>Átalakítva, átosztályozva „Antisubmarine Warfare Support Aircraft Carrier&quot; (tengeralattjáró elleni hadviselést biztosító hordozónak) és átszignálva CVS-6 jelzéssel, 1953. Augusztus 8-án. </li></ul><ul><li>Sorsa: A hajót Washington város emlékműként akarta kiállítani, de az alépítmény az 1958. Július 1-jei harc során megrongálódott; Lebontották Kearny-nál, NJ, 1958 szeptember – 1960 március között. </li></ul><ul><li>Elnevezve hat korábbi ilyen nevű USA hadihajóra emlékezve. Az &quot;Enterprise„ (Vállalkozás) „merész, harcias és találékony.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Engedélyezték az építést a Nemzeti Ipari Fellendülési ciklusban, 1933. Június 16-án. </li></ul><ul><li>Szponzor Mrs. Lucy (&quot;Lulie&quot;) Lyons Hall Swanson, a Haditengerészet - 1933–1939. közötti - 45. Titkárának felesége. </li></ul>
  18. 32. 1958 Febr.1960
  19. 33. Commanding Officers <ul><li>Captain Newton H. White 12 May 1938 – 21 December 1938 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Charles A. Pownall 21 December 1938 – 21 March 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain George D. Murray 21 March 1941 – 30 June 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Arthur C. Davis 30 June 1942 – 21 October 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Osborne B. Hardison 21 October 1942 – 7 April 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Carlos W. Wieber 7 April 1943 – 16 April 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Samuel P. Ginder 16 April 1943 – 7 November 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Matthias B. Gardner 7 November 1943 – 10 July 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander Thomas J. Hamilton 10 July 1944 – 29 July 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Cato D. Glover 29 July 1944 – 14 December 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Grover B. H. Hall 14 December 1944 – 25 September 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William A. Rees 25 September 1945 – 20 February 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Francis E. Bardwell 20 February 1946 – 10 June 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander Conrad W. Craven 10 June 1946 – 31 January 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander Lewis F. Davis 31 January 1947 – 17 February 1947 </li></ul>
  20. 34. USS WASP   (CV-7) Specifications (As built, 1940) Displacement: 14,700 tons standard (design); 19,116 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 688' x 80.75' x 20'  /  209.7 x 24.6 x 6.1 meters Dimensions (max.): 741.25' x 109'  /  225.9 x 33.2 meters Armor: 60-lb STS conning tower; 3.5&quot; (side), 50-lb (deck) over steering gear Power plant: 6 boilers (565 psi); steam turbines; 2 shafts; 75,000 shp Speed: 29.5 knots Endurance (design): 12,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 8 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 4 quad 1.1&quot;/75 machine gun mounts; 24 .50-cal machine guns Aircraft: 80+ Aviation facilities: 2 elevators (+ 1 deck-edge); 2 flight-deck and 2 hangar-deck hydraulic catapults Crew: 1,800 (ship's company + air wing) (peacetime) Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                 Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: American Defense Service Medal (&quot;A&quot; device) / American Campaign Medal 2nd Row: European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (1 star) / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1 star) / World War II Victory Medal Builder: Bethlehem Steel Corp., Quincy, Mass. 2 Nov 1942 25 Apr 1940 4 Apr 1939 1 Apr 1936 19 Sep 1935 Stricken Decommissioned Commissioned Launched Laid down Adwarded Wasp Class Aircraft Carrier
  21. 35. WASP   (CV-7) <ul><li>Elnevezve az USA hét korábbi hadihajója emlékére. A &quot;Wasp&quot; (DARÁZS), az egyik legfejlettebb rovarcsoport, a „ hártyásszárnyú (Hymenoptera) ízeltlábú, szárnyas rovar ”, kitartó, jó cserkésző, erős fullánkú, fájdalmas szúrású állata. </li></ul><ul><li>Engedélyezték 1934. Március 27-én építését, a Langley (CV-1) tartalékaként. </li></ul><ul><li>A válság után először engedélyezte a Washingtoni Kormányzat a repülőgép-hordozók bővítését. </li></ul><ul><li>Egy hajtással rendelkezett, T-alakú a repülőgépet a fedélzetre emelő első liftje, a későbbi hordozókon nagyobb méretben megjelenő liftek őse. </li></ul><ul><li>Sorsa: a Csendes-óceán dél-nyugati térségében, a Guadalcanali hadműveletben, 1942. Szeptember 15-én a Japán I-19 tengeralattjáró két torpedóval eltalálta. A gyorsan terjedő benzintüzek miatt a hajó irányíthatatlanná, majd mozgásképtelenné vált, ezért a legénységet evakuálták és a hordozót az USS Lansdowne (DD-486) elsüllyesztette. </li></ul><ul><li>A Laffey (DD-459), Duncan (DD-485), Lansdowne , Lardner (DD-487) és Farenholt (DD-491) rombolók kimentették a legénység 2.000 tagját, és a repülőegység (RADM Noyes), valamint a Wasp 's parancsnokát (CAPT Sherman.), majd a Laffey , Lansdowne és a Salt Lake City (CA-25), továbbá a Helena (CL-50) utasszállítókkal Noumeaba hajóztak. A hordozóval 193 személy veszett a hullámsírba. </li></ul><ul><li>Named to commemorate seven US warships which had previously borne the name. A &quot;Wasp&quot; is &quot;any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects possessing smooth, slender bodies, and an abdomen attached by a narrow stalk. They have well-developed wings, biting mouthparts, and often administer painful stings.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Authorized by an Act of 27 March 1934 as a tonnage replacement for the Langley (CV-1). </li></ul><ul><li>Displacement restricted to the remaining carrier tonnage allowed under the Washington Treaty. </li></ul><ul><li>Fitted with a folding, T-shaped, deck-edge elevator (the ancestor of the much larger units installed in later carriers). </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Hit by two torpedoes from Japanese submarine I-19 , 15 Sep 1942, while operating in the Southwestern Pacific in support of forces on Guadalcanal. Gasoline fires became rapidly uncontrollable and she had to be abandoned. Scuttled by USS Lansdowne (DD-486). </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyers Laffey (DD-459), Duncan (DD-485), Lansdowne , Lardner (DD-487) and Farenholt (DD-491) rescued over 2,000 survivors, including the Task Force commander (RADM Noyes) and Wasp 's commanding officer (CAPT Sherman.) Most of them were taken to Noumea aboard Laffey , Lansdowne and cruisers Salt Lake City (CA-25) and Helena (CL-50). One hundred and ninety-three of her crew were lost with the ship and remain on active duty. </li></ul>CV-18 >>
  22. 36. April & May 1942, Malta
  23. 38. USS HORNET   (CV-8) Specifications (As built, 1941) Displacement: 19,900 tons standard; 25,600 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 761' x 83.25' x 28' (full load)  /  232 x 25.4 x 8.5 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 824.75' x 114'  /  251.4 x 34.7 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 60 lbs protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 4&quot; (side)-2&quot; (top) conning tower; 4&quot; (side) over steering gear Power plant: 9 boilers (400 psi); steam turbines; 4 shafts; 120,000 shp Speed: 32.5 knots Endurance (design): 12,500 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 8 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 4 quad 1.1&quot;/75 machine gun mounts; 24 .50-cal machine guns Aircraft: 90+ Aviation facilities: 3 elevators; 2 flight-deck and 1 hangar-deck hydraulic catapults Crew: 2,919 (ship's company + air wing) (wartime figure) Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                 Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: American Defense Service Medal (&quot;Fleet&quot; clasp) 2nd Row: American Campaign Medal / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (4 stars) / World War II Victory Medal Task Force 16 Citation Enterprise , Hornet , 16 other ships and their 10,000 sailors, airmen and Marines, who took part in the Doolittle raid in April 1942, were officially recognized for their daring exploit 53 years later, on 15 May 1995. In a ceremony at the Pentagon they were presented the Task Force 16 Citation by the Secretary of the Navy, Mr. John H. Dalton. Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News, Va. 13 Jan 1943 20 Oct 1941 14 Dec 1940 25 Sep 1939 30 Mar 1939 Stricken Decommissioned Commissioned Launched Laid down Adwarded Yorktown (modified) Class Aircraft Carrier
  24. 39. HORNET   (CV-8) <ul><li>Named to commemorate six US warships which had previously borne the name. A &quot;Hornet&quot; is &quot;a large strong wasp whose sting is severe.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Authorized under the Naval Expansion Act of 17 May 1938. </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Hit and immobilized by Japanese carrier aircraft bombs and torpedoes, 26 October 1942 (Battle of the Santa Cruz islands). Two planes made suicide runs: one glanced off the stack and plunged through the flight deck; the second crashed into the port forward gun gallery. Cruiser USS Northampton (CA-26) made three attempts to take the carrier in tow, but the towing line failed and additional Japanese attacks frustrated these efforts. Hornet was hit again and had to be abandoned. Destroyers USS Mustin (DD-413) and USS Anderson (DD-411) tried to scuttle her with torpedoes and 5&quot; gunfire, but had to retire as enemy forces closed in. Hornet was finally scuttled by Japanese destroyers Makigumo and Akigumo with four 24&quot; torpedoes, early on October 27. In all, she took two planes, 7-8 bombs, 16 torpedoes and an unknown number of 5&quot; shells. </li></ul><ul><li>One hundred and eleven of her crew were lost with the ship and remain on active duty. </li></ul>A korábbi hat amerikai hadihajóra emlékezve kapta a „Hornet” LÓDARÁZS nevet, mely egy ízeltlábú, hártyásszárnyú, tekintélyes méretű, fájdalmas szúrású rovar. Az építést 1938. május 17-én a tengerészeti bővítési határozattal engedélyezték. Sors : A Santa Cruz szigetért vívott csata során, 1942. Október 26-án a hajót Japán bomba, majd torpedó találat érte és mozgásképtelenné vált. Az első kamikaze repülőgép öngyilkos berepülése áttörte a fedélzetet, a második pedig a fegyverraktárt találta el. Az USS Northampton (CA-26) cirkáló három kísérletet tett a hordozó vontatására, de a kötél elszakadt és a Japán második támadó hullám meghiúsította az erőfeszítéseket. A Hornet újra találatot kapott magára maradt. Az USS Mustin (DD-413) és USS Anderson (DD-411) romboló torpedókkal és az 5&quot; gépágyúval megpróbálta távol tartani a Japán hajókat, de menekülésre kényszerült, és végül a Japán Makigumo és Akigumo romboló négy 24&quot; torpedóval, október 27-én elsüllyesztette a Hornettet. A hajó sorsát összesen két repülőgép, 7-8 bomba, 16 torpedó és ismeretlen számú lövedék pecsételte meg. Száztizenegy katona halt hősi halált a hajóval. CV-12 >>
  25. 42. Commanding Officers Captain Charles Perry Mason USNA 1912 15 June 1942 – 26 October 1942 Captain Marc Andrew (&quot;Pete&quot;) Mitscher USNA 1910 20 October 1941 – 15 June 1942
  26. 43. USS ESSEX   (CV-9) ( later CVA-9 and CVS-9) Specifications (As built, 1942) Displacement: 27,100 tons standard; 36,380 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 93' x 28.5' (full load)  /  249.9 x 28.3 x 8.7 (full load) meters (max.): 872' x 147.5'  /  265.8 x 45 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 1.5&quot; hangar & protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 1.5&quot; STS (top, side of pilot house); 2.5&quot; (top) steering gear Power plant: 8 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 steam turbines; 4 shafts; 150,000 shp (design); Speed: 32.7 knots Endurance (design): 20,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 4 twin & 4 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 8 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 46 single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 90 (Air Group 9, October 1943) Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; completed without catapults (an H-2 was fitted to the starboard side of the flight deck at Norfolk, April–May 1943, after shakedown cruise) Crew: 2,600+ (ship's company + air wing, as designed) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Alpha - Golf - Oscar Tactical Voice Radio Call: &quot;BANKNOTE&quot; Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: Presidential Unit Citation / Navy Unit Commendation / Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation / Navy Expeditionary Service Medal / China Service Medal (extended) 2nd Row: American Campaign Medal / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (13 stars) / World War II Victory Medal / Navy Occupation Service Medal (&quot;Asia&quot; clasp) / National Defense Service Medal (2) / Korean Service Medal (4 stars) 3rd Row: Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (4) / Philippine Presidential Unit Citation / Korean Presidential Unit Citation / Philippine Liberation Medal (2 stars) / United Nations Korean Medal / Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive) Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News, Va. 1 Jun 1973 9 Jan 1947 30 Jun 1969 31 Dec 1942 15 Jan 1951 31 Jul 1942 28 Apr 1941 3 Jul 1940 Stricken Decommissioned Commissioned Launched Laid down Adwarded Essex Class Aircraft Carrier
  27. 44. <ul><li>Named for a town and county in Massachusetts, and to commemorate three US warships which had previously borne the name. </li></ul><ul><li>Launched on Friday, July 31, 1942. </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored by Mrs. Artemus L. Gates (née Alice Davison), wife of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air. </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstructed to SCB-27A design by the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. Work began in February 1949; recommissioned in January 1951. </li></ul><ul><li>Essex was the first carrier to launch F2H Banshee twin-jet fighters on combat missions, 23 August 1951. </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassified as an &quot;Attack Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVA-9, 1 October 1952. </li></ul><ul><li>Modernized with an angled flight deck, enclosed &quot;hurricane&quot; bow, etc. (project SCB-125) at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, July 1955-March 1956. </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassified as an &quot;Antisubmarine Warfare Support Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVS-9, 8 March 1960. </li></ul><ul><li>Underwent FRAM-II modernization, March-September 1962, at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Sold and scrapped in Kearny, NJ. </li></ul><ul><li>Elnevezve a Massachusetts-i városról és emlékezve az USA három korábbi ilyen nevű hadihajójára. </li></ul><ul><li>Vízrebocsátva 1942. Július 31-én. </li></ul><ul><li>Szponzor Mrs. Artemus L. Gates (született Alice Davison), a Haditengerészet Légi helyettesének felesége. </li></ul><ul><li>Átépítve az SCB-27A formára a Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. Hajógyárban 1949 februárjában; szolgálatba visszahelyezve 1951 januárjában. </li></ul><ul><li>Essex volt a legtöbbet gyártott hajóosztály és az első hordozó, melynek fedélzetéről az F2H-2 Banshee sugárhajtású repülőgép indult, 1951. Augusztus 23-án. </li></ul><ul><li>Átminősítve &quot;Attack Aircraft Carrier&quot; (támadó repülőgép-hordozóvá) és újra hadrendbe állítva CVA-9 jelzéssel, 1952. Október 1-jén. </li></ul><ul><li>Korszerűsítve az SCB-125 projekt - ferde leszállópálya, &quot;hurricane&quot; íj (gőzkatapult), fedélzeti fegyvercsere, stb. - szerint a Puget Sound Naval Shipyard gyárban, 1955. Július-1956. Március között. </li></ul><ul><li>Átminősítve &quot;Antisubmarine Warfare Support Aircraft Carrier&quot; (tengeralattjáró elleni hadviselést biztosító hordozóvá) és újraszignálva CVS-9 jelzéssel, 1960. Március 8-án. </li></ul><ul><li>FRAM-II korszerűsítés 1962 március- szeptember között a Brooklyn Navy Yard hajógyárban. </li></ul><ul><li>Sorsa: Eladták és szétbontották (Kearny, NJ.) </li></ul>
  28. 46. Specifications <ul><li>(As built, 1942) Displacement: 27,100 tons standard; 36,380 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 93' x 28.5' (full load)  /  249.9 x 28.3 x 8.7 (full load) meters (max.): 872' x 147.5'  /  265.8 x 45 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 1.5&quot; hangar & protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 1.5&quot; STS (top, side of pilot house); 2.5&quot; (top) steering gear Power plant: 8 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 steam turbines; 4 shafts; 150,000 shp (design); Speed: 32.7 knots Endurance (design): 20,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 4 twin & 4 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 8 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 46 single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 90 (Air Group 9, October 1943) Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; completed without catapults (an H-2 was fitted to the starboard side of the flight deck at Norfolk, April–May 1943, after shakedown cruise) Crew: 2,600+ (ship's company + air wing, as designed) (After SCB-27A, 1951) Displacement: 28,200 tons standard; 40,600 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 819.1' x 101.4' x 29.7' (full load)  /  249.7 x 30.9 x 9.1 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 898.1' x 151.9'  /  273.7 x 46.3 meters Armor: belt replaced by blister with 60-lb STS Power plant: (as above); Speed: 31.7 (max) / 30 (sust) knots Endurance (design): n/a Armament: 8 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 14 twin 3&quot;/50 gun mounts Aircraft: 70+ Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; 2 hydraulic catapults (H 8) Crew: ~2,900 (ship's company + air wing) (After SCB-125, 1956) Displacement: 30,800 tons standard; 41,200 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 824.5' x 101' x 30.1' (full load)  /  251.3 x 30.8 x 9.2 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 890' x 196'  /  271.3 x 59.7 meters Armor: (as above) Power plant: (as above); Speed: 32 (max) / 30.3 (sust) knots Endurance (design): n/a Armament: 7 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 4 twin 3&quot;/50 gun mounts Aircraft: ~70 (CVA role), ~50 (CVS role) Aviation facilities: 2 deck-edge, 1 centerline elevators; 2 hydraulic catapults (H 8) Crew: 2,300+ (ship's company + air wing) </li></ul>
  29. 48. USS YORKTOWN   (CV-10) ( later CVA-10 and CVS-10) Specifications (As built, 1943) Displacement: 27,100 tons standard; 36,200 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 93' x 28.3' (full load)  /  249.9 x 28.3 x 8.6 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 872' x 147.5'  /  265.8 x 45 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 1.5&quot; hangar & protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 1.5&quot; STS (top, side of pilot house); 2.5&quot; (top) steering gear Power plant: 8 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 steam turbines; 4 shafts; 150,000 shp (design); Speed: 32.7 knots Endurance (design): 20,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 4 twin & 4 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 8 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 46 single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 91 (Air Group 5, October–December 1943) Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; 2 H4B hydraulic catapults (1 flight deck, 1 hangar deck) Crew: 2,600+ (ship's company + air wing, as designed) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Whiskey - Kilo - Juliet Tactical Voice Radio Call: &quot;OCEAN WAVE&quot; Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                                                                                 Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: Presidential Unit Citation / Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation / China Service Medal (extended) / American Campaign Medal / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (11 stars) 2nd Row: World War II Victory Medal / Navy Occupation Service Medal (&quot;Asia&quot; clasp) / National Defense Service Medal (2) / Korean Service Medal / Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (3) / Vietnam Service Medal (4 stars) 3rd Row: Philippine Presidential Unit Citation / Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Gallantry Cross Medal with Palm) / Philippine Liberation Medal / United Nations Korean Medal / Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive) / Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News, Va. 1 Jun 1973 9 Jan 1947 27 Jun 1970 15 Apr 1943 20 Feb 1953 21 Jan 1943 1 Dec 1941 3 Jul 1940 Stricken Decommissioned Commissioned Launched Laid down Adwarded Essex Class Aircraft Carrier
  30. 49. <ul><li>Initially named Bon Homme Richard after Captain John Paul Jones' Bonhomme Richard (note different spelling), in turn named to honor Benjamin Franklin. Renamed, 26 September 1942, in tribute to USS Yorktown (CV-5), lost three months earlier at the Battle of Midway, thus becoming the fourth US warship to bear the name of a town in Virginia, where the climactic battle of the American Revolution was fought in the autumn of 1781. The name Bon Homme Richard was subsequently assigned to CV-31 . </li></ul><ul><li>Named : go </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstructed to SCB-27A design by the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. Work began in March 1951; recommissioned in February 1953. </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassified as an &quot;Attack Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVA-10, 1 October 1952, while undergoing conversion. </li></ul><ul><li>Modernized with an angled flight deck, enclosed &quot;hurricane&quot; bow, etc. (project SCB-125) at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. Placed &quot;in commission, in reserve,&quot; 21 March 1955, and placed back in full commission on 14 October. </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassified as an &quot;Antisubmarine Warfare Support Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVS-10, 1 September 1957. </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Formally dedicated as the first ship of the Naval and Maritime Museum at Patriots Point , Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, 13 October 1975. </li></ul>YORKTOWN   (CV(A)-10) CV-5 >> Eredetileg Bon Homme Richard , másként John Paul Jones' Bonhomme Richard Kapitány néven regisztrálták Benjamin Franklin tiszteletére, de mivel a Midway csatában három hajót veszítettek 1942. Szeptember 26-án átkeresztelték USS Yorktown nak (CV-5), hogy viselje a hős Virginiai város nevét. A Bon Homme Richard nevet CV-31 vette fel. Sorsa: A Charleston Harbori Patriots Pointnál (Dél-Karolina) levő Tengeri és Hajózási Múzeum első hajója, 1975. október 13-a óta. Szept. 28, 2003
  31. 51. Specifications <ul><li>(As built, 1943) Displacement: 27,100 tons standard; 36,200 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 93' x 28.3' (full load)  /  249.9 x 28.3 x 8.6 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 872' x 147.5'  /  265.8 x 45 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 1.5&quot; hangar & protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 1.5&quot; STS (top, side of pilot house); 2.5&quot; (top) steering gear Power plant: 8 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 steam turbines; 4 shafts; 150,000 shp (design); Speed: 32.7 knots Endurance (design): 20,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 4 twin & 4 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 8 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 46 single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 91 (Air Group 5, October–December 1943) Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; 2 H4B hydraulic catapults (1 flight deck, 1 hangar deck) Crew: 2,600+ (ship's company + air wing, as designed) (After SCB-27A, 1953) Displacement: 33,100 tons standard; 40,130 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 101' x 29.3' (full load)  /  249.9 x 30.8 x 8.9 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 899' x 152'  /  274 x 46.3 meters Armor: belt replaced by blister with 60-lb STS Power plant: (as above); Speed: 32.2 (max) / 30 (sust) knots Endurance (design): n/a Armament: 8 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 14 twin 3&quot;/50 gun mounts Aircraft: 70+ Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; 2 H8 hydraulic catapults (flight deck) Crew: ~2,900 (ship's company + air wing) (After SCB-125; as a CVS, in 1968) Displacement: 40,600 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 101' x 31' (full load)  /  249.9 x 30.8 x 9.4 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 890' x 196'  /  271.3 x 59.7 meters Armor: (as above) Power plant: (as above); Speed: 30.2 (sust) knots Endurance (design): n/a Armament: 4 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts Aircraft: ~50 (CVS role) Aviation facilities: 2 deck-edge, 1 centerline elevators; 2 H8 hydraulic catapults (flight deck) Crew: 3,300+ (ship's company + air wing) </li></ul>
  32. 53. Commanding Officers <ul><li>Captain Joseph J. Clark, USN 4 April 1943 – 10 February 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Ralph E. Jennings, USN 10 February 1944 – 29 September 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Thomas S. Combs, USN 29 September 1944 – 23 April 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Walter F. Boone, USN 23 April 1945 – 19 November 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Maurice E. Browder, USN 19 November 1945 – 16 July 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander Charles T. Fitzgerald, USN 16 July 1946 – 26 December 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander Malcolm C. Reeves, USN 26 December 1946 – 9 January 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>Decommissioned </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William M. Nation, USN 15 December 1952 – 3 August 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Arnold W. McKechnie, USN 3 August 1953 – 5 August 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Gerald F. Huff, USN 5 August 1954 – 15 July 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Emmett O'Beirne, USN 15 July 1955 – 14 September 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Edward E. Colestock, USN 14 September 1956 – 28 September 1957 Captain James O. Cobb, USN 28 September 1957 – 19 August 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Porter F. Bedell, USN 19 August 1958 – 6 June 1959 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Louis H. Bauer, USN 6 June 1959 – 19 May 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Charles E. Gibson, USN 19 May 1960 – 10 June 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William G. Privette, Jr., USN 10 June 1961 – 14 June 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Waller G. Moore, USN 14 June 1962 – 28 June 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain James P. Lynch, USN 28 June 1963 – 22 June 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Raymond S. Osterhoudt, USN 22 June 1964 – 11 June 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain James B. Cain, USN 11 June 1965 – 7 May 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William M. McCulley, Jr., USN 7 May 1966 – 20 July 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William L. Bennett, USN 20 July 1967 – 26 July 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain John G. Fifield, USN 26 July 1968 – 5 August 1969 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William F. Charies, USN 5 August 1969 – 27 June 1970 </li></ul>
  33. 54. USS INTREPID   (CV-11) ( later CVA-11 and CVS-11) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Bravo - Quebec - Kilo Tactical Voice Radio Call: &quot;ATLAS&quot; CLASS - ESSEX (Short Hull) Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions, 872' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7&quot; (Max) Armament 12 x 5&quot;/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor, 4&quot; Belt, 2 1/2&quot; Hanger deck, 1 1/2&quot; Deck, 1 1/2&quot; Conning Tower. Machinery, 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed, 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Built by Newport News. sponsored by Mrs. John Howard Hoover; Laid down 1 Dec 1941, launched 26 Apr 1943, commissioned 16 August 1943, Captain Thomas L. Sprague in command. SCB 27C reconstruction at Newport News started 9 April 1952, completed and recommissioned 20 June 1954. Redesignated as an attack carrier (CVA 11) 1 October 1952 while in overhaul. SCB 125 angled deck modernization at New York Navy 9/1956 to 2 May 1957. Redesignated as an ASW carrier (CVS 11) 31 Mar 1962. FRAM II life extension 3/1965 to 10/1965. Operated as light attack carrier with CVS designation off Vietnam. FATE: Decommissioned to reserve 15 March 1974; was last CVS in service. Ownership transferred to Sea*Air*Space Museum 27 April 1981, stricken upon transfer of custody to museum 23 Feb 1982. Preserved at Sea*Air*Space Museum in New York City.
  34. 58. USS HORNET   (CV-12) ( later CVA-12 and CVS-12) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Bravo - Golf - Charlie Tactical Voice Radio Call: &quot;JUDO&quot; CLASS - ESSEX (Short Hull) Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions, 872' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7&quot; (Max) Armament 12 x 5&quot;/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor, 4&quot; Belt, 2 1/2&quot; Hanger deck, 1 1/2&quot; Deck, 1 1/2&quot; Conning Tower. Machinery, 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed, 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Built by Newport News. Initially named Kearsarge ; renamed to honor Hornet . Laid down 3 August 1942, launched 30 August 1943, commissioned 29 November 1943. Decommissioned to reserve 15 January 1947. Briefly recommissioned in 1951, then underwent an SCB-27A modernization at the New York Naval Shipyard. Redesignated as an &quot;attack carrier&quot; (CVA-12) on 1 October 1952. Recommissioned on 11 September 1953. Modernized again (SCB-125) in 1956, at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. In mid-1958, Hornet was converted to an antisubmarine warfare support carrier in the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, and redesignated CVS-12. Decommissioned for the last time on 26 June 1970. Struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 25 July 1989 and sold for breaking up. However, she was saved by the efforts of historically-minded citizens and donated to the Aircraft Carrier Hornet Foundation for use as a museum on 26 May 1998; she is currently at Pier 3, Alameda Point, Alameda, Ca. CV-8 >>
  35. 59. <ul><li>Frank Knox a Haditengerészet Titkára és felesége, Mrs. Annie Reid Knox, a hajó szponzora a Hornet keresztelő szertartásán, 1943. Augusztus 30-án. A repülőgép-hordozót a Newport News Shipbuildingnél és a Dry Dock Company hajógyárnál, a Virginiai Newport Newsnál, építették. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 53429). </li></ul>
  36. 62. Commanding Officers <ul><li>CAPT Miles R. Browning 29 November 1943–29 May 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT William D. Sample 29 May 1944–9 August 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Austin K. Doyle 9 August 1944–1 August 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Charles R. Brown 1 August 1945–14 February 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Charles F. Coe 14 February 1946–14 August 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>In Reserve CAPT Francis L. Busey 20 March 1951–30 April 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>CDR G. C. Merrick 30 April 1951–12 May 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>Decommissioned </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Milton A. Nation 11 September 1953–19 July 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Frank A. Brandley 19 July 1954–20 July 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Norwood A. Campbell 20 July 1955–18 August 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT William W. Hollister 18 August 1956–12 August 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Thomas F. Connolly 21 August 1957–25 August 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Marshall W. White 25 August 1958–20 November 1959 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Ernest E. Christensen 20 November 1959–2 November 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT David C. Richardson 2 November 1960–18 October 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Hoyt D. Mann 18 October 1961–24 September 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Ellis J. Fisher 24 September 1962–25 September 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT J. I. Hardy 25 September 1963–15 July 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT M. A. Hadden 15 July 1964–1 July 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT W. M. Pardee 1 July 1965–1 April 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Van V. Eason 1 April 1966–27 February 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Gordon H. Robertson 27 February 1967–23 February 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Jackson A. Stockton 23 February 1968–23 May 1969 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Carl J. Seiberlich 23 May 1969–26 June 1970 </li></ul>
  37. 63. USS FRANKLIN   (CV-13) ( later CVA-13 , CVS-13 and AVT-8) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Foxtrot - Bravo - Mike CLASS - ESSEX (Short Hull) Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions, 872' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7&quot; (Max) Armament 12 x 5&quot;/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft, catapults 2 . Armor, 4&quot; Belt, 2 1/2&quot; Hanger deck, 1 1/2&quot; Deck, 1 1/2&quot; Conning Tower. Machinery, 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed, 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data The fifth Franklin (CV-13) was laid down on 7 December 1942 at Newport News, Virginia, by Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company; launched on 14 October 1943; sponsored by Lieutenant Commander Mildred A. McAfee, USNR, Director of the WAVES; and commissioned at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, on 31 January 1944, Captain James M. Shoemaker in command. While Franklin lay “mothballed” at Bayonne, never returning to active service, she was redesignated to an attack aircraft carrier (CVA-13) on 1 October 1952, to an antisubmarine warfare support carrier (CVS-13) on 8 August 1953 and, ultimately, to an aircraft transport (AVT-8) on 15 May 1959. She was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 October 1964. Although the Navy initially sold the ship to Peck Iron and Metal Company, Portsmouth, Virginia, it re-possessed her due to an urgent Bureau of Ships requirement for the use of her four turbo-generators. Ultimately, however, she was sold, for scrapping, to Portsmouth Salvage Company, Chesapeake, Virginia, on 27 July 1966. She departed naval custody under tow (Red Star Towing Company) on the evening of 1 August 1966.
  38. 64. <ul><li>Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790) was born in Boston but moved at an early age to Philadelphia where his countless talents and unlimited energies found expression in successful contributions as a statesman, diplomat, scientist, editor-author, and philosopher. During the Revolution he was appointed American Minister Plenipotentiary to the French Court enabling him to function also as the Navy's representative in Europe. He promoted the plan to bring the war to British shores, supporting Lambert Wickes ' spectacular raids and enabling John Paul Jones to perform his daring feats by providing funds, attending to purchases and repairs, and determining questions of authority and discipline. His astute and visionary policies merit for him deserved recognition in the annals of the United States. </li></ul>Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790) Bostonban született, de Philadelphiában bontakozott ki sikeres diplomata, tudós, szerkesztő-szerző, és filozófus tehetsége és államférfiúi rátermettsége. A forradalom alatt őt nevezték ki Franciaország amerikai nagykövetének, közben ellátta a haditengerészet képviseletét is Európában. Tervei szerint szorították a briteket a tengerpartra, miközben támogatták Lambert Wickest és Paul Jones látványos rajtaütéseit, merész bravúrjait azáltal, hogy kellő pénzügyi alapokat biztosított a vásárlásokra és javításokra és meghatározta, illetve megkövetelte a költségvetés rendjét. A ravasz és jövőbelátó politikájával messzemenő érdemeket szerzett az Egyesült Államok történelmében.
  39. 65. <ul><li>The Battle of Franklin, Tennessee, on November 30, 1864, was part of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign of the American Civil War, and one of the worst disasters for the Confederate States Army. Although the Union Army of the Ohio, commanded by Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield, left the field after the battle, the Confederate Army suffered devastating losses (including six generals killed or mortally wounded) in its unsuccessful frontal assaults against the Union defenders, sometimes called the &quot;Pickett's Charge of the West.&quot; (Text courtesy of Wikipedia .) </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Franklin, by Kurz and Allison, 1891. </li></ul>A Franklin csata Tennessee államban, az amerikai Polgárháborúban 1864. november 30-án Franklin-Nashville győzelmével és a Konföderációs Hadsereg katasztrofális vereségével végződött. Bár a John M Schofield vezérőrnagy vezette Ohio Egyesült Hadsereg nem semmisült meg, elhagyta a mezőt, de nagyon súlyos veszteségeket szenvedett a sikertelen frontális támadásban (hat tábornokot is elveszített), az Unió védők ellen, akiket tábornokuk neve alapján néha „Pickett Nyugati Vadjai”-nak is hívtak. (Lásd Wikipedia.) Franklin csata készítette Kurz és Allison, 1891.
  40. 67. USS TICONDEROGA   (CV-14) ( later CVA-14 and CVS-14) CLASS - ESSEX (Short Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions, 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7&quot; (Max); Armament 12 x 5&quot;/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft, Armor, 4&quot; Belt, 2 1/2&quot; Hanger deck, 1 1/2&quot; Deck, 1 1/2&quot; Conning Tower. Machinery, 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws; Speed, 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Built by Newport News. Laid down 1 Mar 1943; originally named Hancock , renamed 1 May 1943; launched 7 Feb 1944; sponsored by Miss Stephanie Sarah Pell, commissioned 8 May 1944, Capt. Dixie Kiefer in command. Decommissioned to reserve 9 Jan 1947. SCB 27C reconstruction at New York Navy Yard started 1 April 1952, completed and recommissioned 1 Oct 1954. Redesignated as an attack carrier (CVA 14) 1 October 1952 while in overhaul. SCB 125 angled deck modernization at Norfolk Navy Yard 8/1956 to 1 April 1957. She moved to the Long Beach Naval Shipyard in mid-October 1969 to begin conversion to an antisubmarine warfare (ASW) aircraft carrier . Redesignated as an ASW carrier (CVS 14) 21 Oct 1969. She completed overhaul and conversion on 28 May 1970.   FATE Decommissioned and stricken for disposal 16 Nov 1973. Sold for scrapping 15 Aug 1974 and subsequently scrapped. Ticonderoga received five battle stars during World War II and three Navy Unit Commendations, one Meritorious Unit Commendation, and 12 battle stars during the Vietnam War. Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Bravo - Mike - Uniform Tactical Voice Radio Call: &quot;PANTHER&quot; Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                                 Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: Navy Unit Commendation (3) / Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation / American Campaign Medal 2nd Row: Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (5 stars) / World War II Victory Medal / Navy Occupation Service Medal (&quot;Asia&quot; clasp) / National Defense Service Medal / Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (4) 3rd Row: Vietnam Service Medal (12 stars) / Philippine Presidential Unit Citation / Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Gallantry Cross Medal with Palm) / Philippine Liberation Medal (1 star) / Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal
  41. 70. Commanding Officers <ul><li>Captain Dixie Kiefer, USN 8 May 1944 - 21 January 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander Harmon V. Briner, USN 21 January 1945 - 28 January 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Giles E. Short, USN 28 January 1945 - 7 February 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William Sinton, USN 7 February 1945 - 7 May 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander Warren R. Thompson, USN 7 May 1946 - 4 November 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Lieutenant Commander W. J. Pendola, USN 4 November 1946 - 27 December 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander Warren R. Thompson, USN 27 December 1946 - 9 January 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>Decommissioned </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Paul W. Watson, USN 31 January 1952 - 2 April 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander Arthur T. Decker 2 April 1952 - 4 April 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Decommissioned </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William A. Schoech, USN 11 September 1954 - 9 September 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Andrew M. Jackson, USN 9 September 1955 - 24 August 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>Commander Harold C. Miller, USN 24 August 1956 - 8 October 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William A. Stuart, USN 8 October 1956 - 4 October 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Irwin Chase Jr., USN 4 October 1957 - 20 September 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Wilson M. Coleman, USN 20 September 1958 - 5 September 1959 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Turner F. Caldwel, USN 5 September 1959 - 24 August 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Robert F. Farrington, USN 24 August 1960 - 25 August 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Eugene G. Fairfax, USN 25 August 1961 - 7 July 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain James G. Daniels, USN 7 July 1962 - 20 July 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain John P. Weinel, USN 20 July 1963 - 3 July 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Damon W. Cooper, USN 3 July 1964 - 14 May 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Robert N. Miller, USN 14 May 1965 - 1 June 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Martin G. O'Neill, USN 1 June 1966 - 4 November 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain James B. Cain, USN 4 November 1966 - 10 November 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Ward Miller, USN 10 November 1966 - 3 November 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Norman K. McInnis, USN 3 November 1967 - 23 December 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Richard E. Fowler Jr., USN 23 December 1968 - 24 October 1969 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William H. McLaughlin, USN 24 October 1969 - 14 December 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Edward A. Boyd, USN 14 December 1970 - 14 May 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Frank T. Hemler, USN 14 May 1972 - 6 October 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Norman K. Green, USN 6 October 1972 - 14 August 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain George W. Bruce, USN 14 August 1973 - 16 November 1973 </li></ul>
  42. 71. USS RANDOLPH   (CV-15) ( later CVA-15 and CVS-15) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Whiskey - Bravo - Delta Tactical Voice Radio Call: &quot;JOHNSTOWN&quot; CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions, 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7&quot; (Max) Armament 12 x 5&quot;/38AA, 82 Aircraft. Armor, 4&quot; Belt, 2 1/2&quot; Hanger deck, 1 1/2&quot; Deck, 1 1/2&quot; Conning Tower. Machinery, 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed, 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Built by Newport News. Laid down 10 May 1943, launched 29 June 1944, commissioned 9 Oct 1944. FATE  Redesignated as an ASW carrier (CVS 15) 31 Mar 1959. FRAM II life extension 1960-1961. Decommissioned to reserve 13 Feb 1969. Stricken for disposal 1 June 1973 and subsequently scrapped.
  43. 72. Namesake <ul><li>CV-15 was named after Peyton Randolph (1721-1775), a member of and first President of the First Continental Congress (September 5-October 21, 1774 and May 10-23, 1775). </li></ul>A CV-15-öt Peyton Randolphról (1721-1775) nevezték el, aki az Első Független Kongresszus első elnöke volt 1774. szeptember 5-e és október 21-e, illetve 1775 május 10-e és 23-a között.
  44. 74. CVA-15
  45. 75. Commanding Officers <ul><li>Captain Felix Locke Baker USNA '20 9 October 1944 – 25 July 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Jackson Rogers Tate NAVCAD 25 July 1945 – 22 September 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Daniel Ward Harrigan USNA '22 22 September 1946 – 25 February 1948 </li></ul><ul><li>Decommissioned </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Robert Stewart Quackenbush, Jr. USNA '27 1 July 1953 – 30 April 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain James Richard Lee USNA '28 30 April 1954 – 29 May 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Jack Clayton Renard USNA '28 29 May 1955 – 26 May 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Edward Joseph O'Neill USNA '31 26 May 1956 – 15 August 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Daniel Fletcher (&quot;Dog&quot;) Smith, Jr. USNA '32 15 August 1956 – 10 August 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Louis Joseph Kirn USNA '32 10 August 1957 –    June 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Bernard Max (&quot;Smoke&quot;) Strean USNA '33 3 June 1958 – 21 March 1959 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Joseph Bonafield Tibbets USNA '34 21 March 1959 – 30 January 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Richard Emerson Harmer USNA '35 30 January 1960 – 15 December 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Harry Edward Cook, Jr. USNA '34 15 December 1960 – 17 November 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Max Arnold Berns, Jr. USNA '39 17 November 1961 – 14 October 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Harry Lafayette Harty, Jr. USNA '39 14 October 1962 –    October 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Richard J. Davis NAVCAD 1 October 1963 – 1 August 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain John Francis Refo USNA '40 1 August 1964 – 21 August 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William Benjamin Morton USNA '40 21 August 1965 – 1 October 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William J. Moran NAVCAD 1 October 1966 – 7 July 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Wynn Victor Whidden USNA '44 7 July 1967 – 13 February 1969 </li></ul>
  46. 76. USS LEXINGTON   (CV-16) ( later CVA-16 , CVS-16 , CVT-16 and AVT-16) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Bravo - Golf - Victor Tactical Voice Radio Call: &quot;SPARTAN&quot; Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: Presidential Unit Citation 2nd Row: Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation (2) / Navy Expeditionary Service Medal / China Service Medal (extended) 3rd Row: American Campaign Medal / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (11 stars) / World War II Victory Medal 4th Row: Navy Occupation Service Medal (&quot;Asia&quot; clasp) / National Defense Service Medal (2) / Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (3) 5th Row: Coast Guard Special Operations Service Ribbon / Philippine Presidential Unit Citation / Philippine Liberation Medal (2 stars) CLASS - ESSEX Displacement: 27,100 tons standard; 36,380 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 93' x 28.5' (full load)  /  249.9 x 28.3 x 8.7 (full load) meters (max.): 872' x 147.5'  /  265.8 x 45 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 1.5&quot; hangar & protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 1.5&quot; STS (top, side of pilot house); 2.5&quot; (top) steering gear Power plant: 8 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 steam turbines; 4 shafts; 150,000 shp (design); Speed: 32.7 knots Endurance (design): 20,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 4 twin & 4 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 8 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 46 single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 96 (Air Group 16, February 1943) Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; 1 flight deck catapult Crew: 2,600+ (ship's company + air wing, as designed) Operational and Building Data Built by Bethlehem Steel Corp., Fore River, Quincy, Mass. Ordered 9 Sep 1940; Laid down 15 Jul 1941; Launched 26 Sep 1942; Commissioned 17 Feb 1943; Decommissioned 23 Apr 1947; Recommissioned 1 Sep 1955; Decommissioned 8 Nov 1991; Stricken 8 Nov 1991. Fate: Transferred as a museum ship to the USS Lexington Museum on the Bay, Corpus Christi, Texas, 15 June 1992.
  47. 77. Story <ul><li>Initially named Cabot after the first European explorer to reach the North American mainland. Renamed Lexington , 16 June 1942, to honor CV-2 ( lost one month earlier at the Battle of the Coral Sea), thus becoming the fifth US warship to bear the name of the town in Massachusetts where Minutemen fought a detachment of British troops, 19 April 1775, opening the Revolutionary War with the &quot;shot heard round the world.&quot; The name Cabot was subsequently assigned to CVL-28 . </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored by Mrs. Theodore D. Robinson, who had also sponsored the previous Lexington (CV-2). Mr. Robinson was Assistant Secretary of the Navy at the time CV-2 was launched. </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassified as an &quot;Attack Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVA-16 , 1 October 1952, while in reserve. </li></ul><ul><li>Received SCB-125 modernization concurrently with SCB-27C at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash. Recommissioned in September 1955 with an angled flight deck, enclosed &quot;hurricane&quot; bow, steam catapults, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassified as an &quot;Antisubmarine Warfare Support Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVS-16 , 1 October 1962. </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced USS Antietam (CVS-36) as aviation training carrier in the Gulf of Mexico (homeported at Pensacola), 29 December 1962. </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassified as a „Training Carrier” and redesignated CVT-16 , 1 January 1969. CVT designation was rerated as &quot;auxiliary,&quot; 23 September 1970. </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassified as „Auxiliary Aircraft Landing Training Ship”, and redesignated AVT-16 , 1 July 1978. </li></ul><ul><li>Lexington was the last Essex -class carrier in commission, and the last on the Naval Vessel Register. </li></ul><ul><li>Following her last qualification period, she had accomplished more than 493,000 arrested landings (493,248 according to DANFS; 493,760 according to &quot;Naval Aviation News,&quot; July–August 1991 issue). </li></ul><ul><li>Fate: Transferred as a museum ship to the USS Lexington Museum on the Bay , Corpus Christi, Texas, 15 June 1992. </li></ul><ul><li>Előszőr Cabot , Észak Amerika első európai felfedezőjének nevével jelölték a hajót. Lexington ra 1942. Június 16-án a Coral Sea csatában elsüllyedt CV-2 tiszteletére nevezték át, megőrizve ötödik ilyen nevű hajóként a hősi Massachusetts-i város emlékét. </li></ul><ul><li>A Cabot nevet később a CVL-28 vette fel. </li></ul><ul><li>Szponzor Mrs. Theodore D. Robinson, az előző Lexington (CV-2) avatója. Mr. Robinson a CV-2 vízrebocsátásánál volt a Haditengerészet Másodtitkára. </li></ul><ul><li>Átsorolva &quot;Attack Aircraft Carrier&quot; (támadó repülőgép-hordozóvá) CVA-16 jelöléssel, 1952. Október 1-jén. </li></ul><ul><li>Átalakítva az SCB-125 és SCB-27C projekt szerint - ferde leszállópálya, „hurrikán íj” (gőzkatapult), stb. - a Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash hajógyárban. Hadrendbe állítva 1955 szeptemberében. </li></ul><ul><li>Átsorolva &quot;Antisubmarine Warfare Support Aircraft Carrier&quot; (tengeralattjáró elleni hadviselést biztosító hordozóvá) és CVS-16 jelöléssel regisztrálva, 1962. Október 1-jén. </li></ul><ul><li>Felváltotta az USS Antietam (CVS-36) kiképzőhajót a Mexikói öbölben (Pensacola), 1962. December 29-én. </li></ul><ul><li>Átsorolva „Training Carrier” (Kiképző hordozóvá), CVT-16 jelöléssel, 1969. Január 1-jén, majd &quot;auxiliary&quot; (kisegítővé) minősítették 1970. Szeptember 23-án. </li></ul><ul><li>Átminősítve „Auxiliary Aircraft Landing Training Ship” (kisegítő leszállás kiképző hajóból kisegítő repülőgép-szállítóvá) és újraszignálva AVT-16 jelzéssel, 1978. Július 1-jén. </li></ul><ul><li>A Lexington az utolsó szolgálatot teljesítő Essex -osztályú hordozó és a leghosszabb ideig szolgáló a Naval Vessel Regiszterben. </li></ul><ul><li>Kiképző periódusa alatt több mint 493.000 felszállás volt a fedélzetén. (493.248 a DANFS; 493.760 a &quot;Naval Aviation News,&quot; 1991. Július–Augusztus adatai szerint). </li></ul><ul><li>Sorsa: Múzeumi hajó az USS Lexington Múzeum öblében, a Texas-i Corpus Cristin, 1992. Június 15-e óta. </li></ul>CV-2 >>
  48. 78. Specifications <ul><li>CV-16 (As built, 1943) Displacement: 27,100 tons standard; 36,380 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 93' x 28.5' (full load)  /  249.9 x 28.3 x 8.7 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 872' x 147.5'  /  265.8 x 45 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 1.5&quot; hangar & protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 1.5&quot; STS (top, side of pilot house); 2.5&quot; (top) steering gear Power plant: 8 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 steam turbines; 4 shafts; 150,000 shp (design) Speed: 32.7 knots Endurance (design): 20,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 4 twin & 4 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 8 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 46 single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 96 (Air Group 16, February 1943) Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; 1 flight deck catapult Crew: 2,600+ (ship's company + air wing, as designed) </li></ul><ul><li>CVA-16 (After SCB-27C + SCB-125, 1955) Displacement: 30,580 tons standard; 43,060 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 103' x 30' 4&quot; (full load)  /  249.9 x 31.4 x 9.2 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 880' (894.5' over catapult booms) x 166' 10&quot;  /  268.2 (272.6 over catapult booms) x 50.9 meters Armor: belt replaced by blister with 60-lb STS Power plant: (as above) Speed: 30.7 (max) / 29.1 (sust) knots Endurance (design): n/a Armament: 7 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 4(?) twin 3&quot;/50 gun mounts Aircraft: ~70 (CVA role), ~50 (CVS role) Aviation facilities: 2 deck-edge, 1 centerline elevators; 2 steam catapults (C 11) Crew: 3,525 (ship's company + air wing) </li></ul>
  49. 80. 22 May 1972, 300,000th landing on the USS Lexington (CVT-16) USS Lexington (AVT-16) arriving in Pensacola, near the end of her career.
  50. 81. Commanding Officers <ul><li>CAPT Felix Budwell Stump 17 February 1943 - 10 April 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Ernest W. Litch 10 April 1944 - 30 January 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Thomas Hinckley Robbins, Jr. 30 January 1945 - 18 November 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Bradford Ellsworth Grow 18 November 1945 - October 1946  </li></ul><ul><li>? ? ? ? October 1946 - April 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>Decommissioned </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Alexander Salley Heyward, Jr. 15 August 1955 - 4 October 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT John Wendell Gannon 4 October 1956 - 19 September 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Burl Leonidas Bailey 19 September 1957 - 23 July 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT James Robert Reedy 23 July 1958 - 16 June 1959 CAPT Stanley E. Ruehlow 16 June 1959 - 8 July 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Stockton Birney Strong 8 July 1960 - 13 July 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Hart Dale Hilton 13 July 1961 - 18 July 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Lucien Cletus Powell, Jr. 18 July 1962 - 26 July 1963 CAPT John M. Miller 26 July 1963 - 10 June 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Quentin Claiborne Crommelin 10 June 1964 - 9 June 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Gordon A. Snyder 9 June 1965 - 19 August 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Jack C. Heishman 19 August 1966 - 10 August 1967 CAPT Edward W. Gendron 10 August 1967 - 10 January 1969 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Wayne Elden Hammett 10 January 1969 - 26 March 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Cyrus F. Fitton 26 March 1970 - 14 April 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Jack E. Davis 14 April 1971 - 21 December 1972 CAPT Charles Curtis Carter 21 December 1972 - 24 August 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Jack E. Davis 24 August 1973 - 8 November 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Donald E. Moore 8 November 1973 - 9 July 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Thornwell Frank Rush 9 July 1975 - 25 May 1977 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Eugene B. (&quot;Red&quot;) McDaniel 25 May 1977 - 30 November 1978 CAPT Philip Edwin Johnson 30 November 1978 -    June 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT William H. Green, Jr.     June 1980 -    December 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT James W. Ryan    December 1981 - 28 January 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Harold J. Bernsen 28 January 1983 - 14 December 1984 CAPT Paul Michael Feran 14 December 1984 - 20 December 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Haywood Galbraith (&quot;Woodie&quot;) Sprouse 20 December 1986 - 28 May 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT Carl Flack Logan 28 May 1988 - 18 December 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>CAPT William H. Kennedy 18 December 1990 - 26 November 1991 </li></ul>
  51. 82. USS BUNKER HILL   (CV-17) ( later CVA-17 , CVS-17 and AVT-9) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Bravo - Alpha - Papa Tactical Voice Radio Call: &quot;EXPOSE&quot; Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                                                                                                                 Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: Presidential Unit Citation / American Campaign Medal / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (11 stars) 2nd Row: World War II Victory Medal / Philippine Presidential Unit Citation / Philippine Liberation Medal CLASS - ESSEX &quot;ultimate&quot; Displacement: 27,100 tons standard; 36,380 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 93' x 28.5' (full load)  /  249.9 x 28.3 x 8.7 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 872' x 147.5'  /  265.8 x 45 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 1.5&quot; hangar & protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 1.5&quot; STS (top, side of pilot house); 2.5&quot; (top) steering gear Power plant: 8 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 steam turbines; 4 shafts; 150,000 shp (design); Speed: 32.7 knots Endurance (design): 20,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 4 twin & 4 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 8 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 46 single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 92 (Air Group 17, June 1943) Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; 1 flight deck, 1 hangar deck catapults Crew: 2,600+ (ship's company + air wing, as designed) Operational and Building Data Built by Bethlehem Steel Corp., Fore River, Quincy, Mass. Ordered 9 Sep 1940; Laid down 15 Sep 1941; Launched 7 Dec 1942; Commissioned 24 May 1943; Decommissioned 9 Jan 1947; Reclassified as an &quot;Attack Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVA-17, 1 October 1952; Reclassified as an &quot;Antisubmarine Warfare Support Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVS-17, 8 August 1953; Reclassified as an &quot;Auxiliary Aircraft Transport&quot; and redesignated AVT-9, May 1959, Stricken 1 Nov 1966. Fate: Although struck from the Naval Vessel Register, her hulk was used as a stationary electronics test platform at San Diego until November 1972. Sold for scrapping in May 1973. About 600 tons of her armor plate have been put to use at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory .
  52. 83. <ul><li>CV-17 was named for the Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775 which, in fact, was mostly fought on adjacent Breed's Hill. The battle was part of the siege of Boston during the Revolutionary War. General Israel Putnam was in charge of the revolutionary forces, while Major-General William Howe commanded the British forces. Although Howe's immediate objective was achieved, it did not affect the siege and the British suffered more than 1,000 casualties — British General Henry Clinton wrote in his diary that &quot;A few more such victories would have surely put an end to British dominion in America.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Battle at Bunker's [sic] Hill,&quot; drawing by Henry A. Thomas; published by C. Frank King, Boston, c.1875. Library of Congress reproduction # LC-USZ62-4430. </li></ul><ul><li>An illustrated map of the battle ground on Charlestown peninsula, encompassing Bunker and Breed's Hills, from &quot;History of the Battle of Bunker's [Breed's Hill] on June 17, 1775,&quot; George E. Ellis; Boston, 1875. </li></ul>A CV-17 nevét a Bunker hegyen és a szomszédos Breed dombon, 1775. június 17-én, a Függetlenségi háború során Boston ostromának részeként vívtak, az Israel Putnam tábornok irányította forradalmi erők és a William Howe vezérőrnagy vezette brit sereg. Bár Howe közvetlen célját megvalósították, az nem hatott a bostoni ostromra és a britek 1.000-nél több katonát vesztettek, amit Henry Clinton brit tábornok a naplójában így kommentált „Még néhány ilyen győzelem és biztosan véget ér a brit uralom Amerikában.” Felső kép: A Bunker Hill-i csata, Henry A Thomas rajza; Kiadó C Frank King, Boston, c.1875. A kongresszusi reprodukció könyvtára # LC-usz 62-4430. A Charlestown félszigeten levő csatamező egy illusztrált térképe, a Bunker és Breed dombok, Bunker csata története [Breed dombja], 1775. június 17-én. George E Ellis; Boston, 1875.
  53. 85. USS Bunker Hill (AVT-9) San Diego, February 5, 1966. Ex-USS Bunker Hill (ex-AVT-9) tied up at Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California, in October 1971.
  54. 86. USS WASP   (CV-18) ( later CVA-18 and CVS-18) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Alpha - Lima - Juliet CLASS - ESSEX (Short Hull) Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 872' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7&quot; (Max) Armament 12 x 5&quot;/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft . Armor , 4&quot; Belt, 2 1/2&quot; Hanger deck, 1 1/2&quot; Deck, 1 1/2&quot; Conning Tower. Machinery , 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Initially named Oriskany . Built by Bethlehem Quincy. Laid down 18 Mar 1942, renamed to honor CV-7 26 Sept 1942, launched 17 Aug 1943, commissioned 24 Nov 1943. Damaged by bombs off Kyushu 19 Mar 1945. Decommissioned to reserve 17 Feb 1947. SCB 27A reconstruction at New York Navy Yard started 9/1948, completed and recommissioned 28 Sept 1951. Redesignated as an attack carrier (CVA-18) 1 October 1952. SCB 125 angled deck modernization at San Francisco Navy 3/1955 to 1 Dec 1955. FATE Redesignated as an ASW carrier (CVS-18) 1 Nov 1956. FRAM II life extension 1967. Decommissioned and stricken for disposal 1 July 1972. Subsequently sold and scrapped at Kearny starting in 1973. CV-7 >>
  55. 89. USS HANCOCK   (CV-19) ( later CVA-19 and CV-19) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Whiskey - Lima - Delta Tactical Voice Radio Call: &quot;RAMPAGE&quot; CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull) AKA TICONDEROGA Displacement 27,100 Tons, Dimensions , 888' (oa) x 93' x 28' 7&quot; (Max) Armament 12 x 5&quot;/38AA, 32 x 40mm, 46 x 20mm, 82 Aircraft. Armor , 4&quot; Belt, 2 1/2&quot; Hanger deck, 1 1/2&quot; Deck, 1 1/2&quot; Conning Tower. Machinery, 150,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 4 screws Speed , 33 Knots, Crew 3448. Operational and Building Data Built by the Bethlehem Steel Co., Quincy, Mass. Laid down as Ticonderoga 26 Jan 1943; renamed Hancock 1 May 1943; launched 24 Jan 1944 and commissioned 15 Apr 1944. Decommissioned to reserve 9 May 1947. Reconstructed to SCB-27C design by the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash. Work began on 15 Dec 1951; redesignated as an &quot;attack carrier&quot; (CVA-19) on 1 Oct 1952 and recommissioned on 15 Feb 1954. Decommissioned again 13 Apr 1956 she received further modernization (project SCB-125) at the San Francisco Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, Cal., and was back in service on 15 Nov 1956. Reclassified as a &quot;Multi-Purpose Aircraft Carrier&quot; (CV-19) on 30 June 1975. Decommissioned for the last time on 30 Jan 1976 and struck from the Navy list the following day, she was sold for scrap by the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) on 1 Sep 1976.
  56. 90. <ul><li>According to DANFS ( &quot;Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships,&quot; a publication of the Naval Historical Center) CV-19 was named after John Hancock (1737-1793). John Hancock was president of the Massachusetts-provincial Congress and president of the Continental Congress (1775-77). As holder of this office, he was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence. </li></ul><ul><li>(Painting by John Singleton Copley, circa 1770-72). </li></ul><ul><li>Note: A Naval Historical Center article on &quot; Ship Naming in the United States Navy ,&quot; however, contradicts DANFS and states that CV-19 was named to honor former Navy ships named Hancock , and not the statesman himself. </li></ul>DANFS (Amerikai Tengerészeti Könyvtár és Hajózási Történelmi Központ) egyik publikációja szerint a CV-19-et John Hancockról (1737-1793) nevezték el, aki a Massachusettsi kongresszus és a Continental Kongresszus elnöke volt 1775-77 között. Funkciójából adódóan Ő volt az első aki aláírta a Függetlenségi Nyilatkozatot. (A festményt John Singleton Copley, kb. 1770-72 között készítette.) Megjegyzés : A DANFS Naval Historical Center cikkével ellentétben az Egyesült Államok Haditengerészete kijelenti, hogy a CV-19 nevét a korábbi hadihajók tisztelete és nem maga az államférfi motiválta.
  57. 93. USS BENNINGTON   (CV-20) ( later CVA-20 and CVS-20) Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign : November - Uniform - Bravo - Romeo Tactical Voice Radio Call: &quot;BIG BOY&quot; Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right Top Row: Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation (2) / China Service Medal (Extended) 2nd Row: American Campaign Medal / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (3 stars) / World War II Victory Medal 3rd Row: Navy Occupation Service Medal (&quot;Asia&quot; clasp) / National Defense Service Medal (2) / Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (2) 4th Row: Vietnam Service Medal (4 stars) / Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Gallantry Cross Medal with Palm) / Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal CLASS - ESSEX Displacement: 27,100 tons standard; 36,380 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 93' x 28.5' (full load)  /  249.9 x 28.3 x 8.7 (full load) meters (max.): 872' x 147.5'  /  265.8 x 45 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 1.5&quot; hangar & protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 1.5&quot; STS (top, side of pilot house); 2.5&quot; (top) steering gear Power plant: 8 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 steam turbines; 4 shafts; 150,000 shp (design) Speed: 32.7 knots; Endurance (design): 20,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 4 twin & 4 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 10 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 46+ single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 102 (Air Group 82, March 1945) Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; 2 hydraulic catapults (flight deck) Crew: 2,600+ (ship's company + air wing, as designed) Operational and Building Data Builder New York Naval Shipyard, Brooklyn, N.Y. Ordered 15 Dec 1941; Laid down 15 Dec 1942; Launched 26 Feb 1944; Commissioned 6 Aug 1944; Forward flight deck buckled by a typhoon off Okinawa, 5 June 1945. Decommissioned 8 Nov 1946; Reconstructed to SCB-27A design by the New York Naval Shipyard. Work began in Dec 1950; reclassified as an &quot;Attack Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVA-20, 1 Oct 1952; Recommissioned in 13 Nov 1952. Serious catapult explosion, 26 May 1954, killed 103 crewmen and injured 201 others. Repaired and modernized with an angled flight deck, enclosed &quot;hurricane&quot; bow, etc. (project SCB-125) at the New York Naval Shipyard, 12 June 1954-19 March 1955. Reclassified as a &quot;Antisubmarine Warfare Support Aircraft Carrier&quot; and redesignated CVS-20, 30 June 1959. Underwent FRAM-II modernization, 12 September 1962-31 March 1963, at the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington. Fate: Decommissioned 15 Jan 1970; Stricken 20 Sept 1989; Sold for scrap, 12 January 1994. Island demolished at Port Angeles, Washington, September-December 1994. Hulk towed across the Pacific; arrived Alang, India for scrapping, early March 1995.
  58. 94. Specifications <ul><li>(As built, 1944) Displacement: 27,100 tons standard; 36,380 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 820' x 93' x 28.5' (full load)  /  249.9 x 28.3 x 8.7 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 872' x 147.5'  /  265.8 x 45 meters Armor: 4&quot;-2.5&quot; belt; 1.5&quot; hangar & protective deck(s); 4&quot; bulkheads; 1.5&quot; STS (top, side of pilot house); 2.5&quot; (top) steering gear Power plant: 8 boilers (565 psi, 850°F); 4 steam turbines; 4 shafts; 150,000 shp (design) Speed: 32.7 knots Endurance (design): 20,000 nautical miles @ 15 knots Armament: 4 twin & 4 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 10 quad 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 46+ single 20-mm/70-cal guns mounts Aircraft: 102 (Air Group 82, March 1945) Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; 2 hydraulic catapults (flight deck) Crew: 2,600+ (ship's company + air wing, as designed) (After SCB-27A, 1952) Displacement: 28,200 tons standard; 40,600 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 819.1' x 101.4' x 29.7' (full load)  /  249.7 x 30.9 x 9.1 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 898.1' x 151.9'  /  273.7 x 46.3 meters Armor: belt replaced by blister with 60-lb STS Power plant: (as above) Speed: 31.7 (max) / 30 (sust) knots Endurance (design): n/a Armament: 8 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 14 twin 3&quot;/50 gun mounts Aircraft: 70+ Aviation facilities: 1 deck-edge, 2 centerline elevators; 2 hydraulic catapults (H 8) Crew: ~2,900 (ship's company + air wing) (After SCB-125, 1955) Displacement: 30,800 tons standard; 41,200 tons full load Dimensions (wl): 824.5' x 101' x 30.1' (full load)  /  251.3 x 30.8 x 9.2 (full load) meters Dimensions (max.): 890' x 196'  /  271.3 x 59.7 meters Armor: (as above) Power plant: (as above) Speed: 32 (max) / 30.3 (sust) knots Endurance (design): n/a Armament: 7 single 5&quot;/38 gun mounts; 4 twin 3&quot;/50 gun mounts Aircraft: ~70 (CVA role), ~50 (CVS role) Aviation facilities: 2 deck-edge, 1 centerline elevators; 2 hydraulic catapults (H 8) Crew: 2,300+ (ship's company + air wing) </li></ul>
  59. 95. CV-20 was named for a city in Vermont, where one of the most historic battles of the Revolutionary War took place on 16 August 1777. A CV-20 a Függetlenségi háború Vemon városáért, 1777. Augusztus 16-án vívott csatájának tiszteletére kapta a nevét.
  60. 97. Commanding Officers <ul><li>Captain James B. Sykes 6 August 1944 - 30 June 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Boynton L. Braun 30 June 1945 - 8 November 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Decommissioned </li></ul><ul><li>Captain David B. Young 13 November 1952 - 20 August 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William A. Sutherland 20 August 1953 - 5 May 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William F. Raborn 5 May 1954 - 28 May 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Paul F. Foley 28 May 1955 - 31 May 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Robert E.C. Jones 31 May 1956 - 24 June 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain William M. Ryon 24 June 1957 - 3 July 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain James R. Compton 3 July 1958 - 28 August 1959 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain French Wampler, Jr. 28 August 1959 - 21 September 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Robert M. Ware 21 September 1960 - 29 September 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain John A. Ferguson 29 September 1961 - 28 September 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Charles E. Healy 28 September 1962 - 27 September 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain John S. Hill 27 September 1963 - 29 September 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Marvin E. Barnett 29 September 1964 - 12 October 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Wiley B. Howell 12 October 1965 - 28 October 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Richard Graffy 28 October 1966 - 20 November 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Daniel J. Murphy 20 November 1967 - 20 December 1968 </li></ul>

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