Symbols of Kansas
• The state bird is: Western Meadowlark
• The state flower is: Sunflower
• The state tree is: Cottonwood
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• On a navy blue field is a sunflower, the state flower. Also, the state seal and the words
quot;Kansasquot;. In the picture of the state seal are thirty-four stars representing the order of
statehood. Above the stars is the motto quot;To the Stars Through Difficultiesquot;. On the seal a
sunrise overshadows a farmer plowing a field near his log cabin, a steamboat sailing
the Kansas River, a wagontrain heading west and Native Americans hunting bison.
• The State nickname is the Sunflower State.
• The nickname “Sunflower State” calls to mind the
wild flowers of the plains of Kansas and the
officially recognized state flower.
• The first inhabitants were the Kansa Indians, Wichita Indians
and the Pawnee Indians. While the Spanish was looking for
the kingdom of riches, the Kansan Indians, the Wichita
Indians, and the Pawnee Indians were guarding the riches.
• Exploration- When the Spanish explorer Francisco Vásquez
de Coronado visited (1541) the Kansas area in his search for
Quivira, a fabled kingdom of riches, the area was occupied
by various Native American groups of the Plains descent,
notably the Kansa, the Wichita and the Pawnee.
• With peace came the development of the prairie
lands. The construction of railroads made cow
towns such as Abilene and Dodge City, with their
cowboys, saloons, and frontier marshals.
• Violence soon came to the territory. The murder of a free-
state man in Nov., 1855, led to the so-called Wakarusa War,
a bloodless series of encounters along the Wakarusa River.
The intervention of the new governor, Wilson Shannon, kept
proslavery men from attacking Lawrence. However, civil war
ultimately turned the territory into “bleeding Kansas.” On
May 21, 1856, proslavery groups and armed Missourians
known as “Border Ruffians” raided Lawrence. A few days
later a band led by the abolitionist crusader John Brown
murdered five proslavery men in the Pottawatamie
massacre. Guerrilla warfare between free-state men called
Jayhawkers and proslavery bands—both sides abetted by
desperadoes and opportunists—terrorized the land. After a
new governor, John W. Geary, persuaded a large group of
“Border Ruffians” to return to Missouri, the violence subsided.
This state became the 34th state in the United States
The first Governor of the state was Charles Robinson.
• Chief products of the state include:
− Agricultural (farm) products
− Manufactured goods
• Fire engines
• Dew-Eze beds
• Ad astra per aspera
• To the stars through adversity