Making a film takes years and involves hundreds of people but when starting a film all you need is abrilliant idea from one person. The person with the idea then goes to a producer to make their idea reality. Adirector then redrafts the story to make it suitable for the screen. A writer then makes the story more interesting and turns it into something tangible. The writer will then make the story long enough andinteresting enough for a film. There is then a pitch that contains all the information the producer needs in order to sell the idea.
The producer uses her power of persuasion to get money for the development of a script . The producerthen finds film production companies for development money, but they have no projects of their own. The producer can offer the future sales and broadcastrights to the film in return for money for the script.The producer can also get money form public funding. The producer can even pitch private investors.
First the writer and the producer wave to agree on key scenes and events in the film. Most writers then create a step outline to plan their script. The writerthen drafts out the story. When the producer and thewriter agree the draft will be sent to the financiers. When everyone is happy it is locked off and becomes afinal draft. Then the writer is paid. The final stage of the script development process is the creation of the sales treatment.
The producer and director must now make the scriptinto a full commercial proposition ready for financing. They then try to find well known stars to make theproject more commercial. The producer must then findout how expensive the film will cost to make. Investors need to know how the money will be raised. Theproducer packages the film to see what people think of it.
The producer may have to travel round the world to finda financier. The financier then draw up contracts with the producer to seal the deal. The producer can also sell the film before its been made to raise money. Banks andinsurance companies can also offer loans. Once the essential funding and insurance is secured. The film gets a “green light” and the producer gets drunk.
Once all of the heads of department are hired they decidewhich actors will be playing which character. There are also story boards made for the film. The productiondesigner plans how the film will look and hires people todesign and build each part. Effects shots are planned more because they need a lot longer to design and build. The producer and the production manager make up the key logistic triangle of the production.
This is when the shooting starts. Then camera department isthen in charge of getting all the footage that the director and editor need to tell the story. Once all the lighting,sound are set up and hair and make-up have been checked the shot can begin. The actor must use emotional techniques to draw the audience into it. The special effects must be safe with a minimum risk of injury. If the film productions fall behind schedule the financiers and insures may step in.
As the film is shot the editor has to assemble the scenes tocreate a narrative sequence before the sound department add sound effects and music. The digital effects are then added by specialist effect compositors. Finally the film isedited and different colours are experimented with to see which creates the best effect. Rough sound mix goes to a dubbing theatre where the sound mixer sets the finallevels. The film is now finished and ready for duplication.
To help the producer sell the film she secures theservices of a sales agent, a specialist in film sales. The filmthen needs a trailer to advertise it. The producer and thesales agent then collect everything they need to sell the film. The producer must go to great lengths to attract peoples attention one of the best ways to do this is byputting the film at a high profile screening. The producer can now negotiate good deals with distributors around the world.
The producer hires sales agents to help her sell the film to distributors. To know what your audience likes the marketing team run test screenings to see how the film isreceived. Posters, trailers, TV spots, radio, newspapers the internet and other marketing materials are used to help attract attention and so that people know what type offilm they are watching before they watch it. The film also can be shown at the cinema by paying them to screen it.
A high-profile premier is used to launch the film to publicwith an explosion of media coverage. The UK has more than 3,500 cinema screens. Distributors supply the exhibitorswith prints of the film. The more screens the films is shown on, the more prints are needed. The exhibitors take their share of the box office receipts, after the distributors recoup their marketing costs. The investors and distributors are paid or given their investments.
Other ways the film producers can make money is by playingtheir film in flight entertainment, selling DVDs, broadcastingon TV and even creating a computer game of the film. After theproducer has made as much money as she can she then pays all the people who have helped make the film. Other ways to increase the income after then film is made is to make sequels and special editions.
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