Business Comm Aircraft Man Present


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  • Business Comm Aircraft Man Present

    1. 1. IF HE COULD FLY THEN WHY CAN’T I…………!!!
    2. 3. History of Aircrafts <ul><li>1783 first balloon flight. </li></ul><ul><li>Person who did this Montgolfier. </li></ul><ul><li>1804 Cayley’s airplane design (first glider) </li></ul><ul><li>1896 human carrying gliders( person otto) </li></ul><ul><li>1903 first human carrying airplane with a gas engine. </li></ul><ul><li>1909 first flight across English channel. </li></ul><ul><li>1909 Bleroit mono plane. </li></ul><ul><li>1926 metal mono planes. </li></ul><ul><li>1950’s supersonic military aircraft. </li></ul>
    3. 4. The Wright Brothers <ul><li>Wilbur and Orville were the two Wright brothers. </li></ul><ul><li>They were fascinated to fly from an early age. </li></ul><ul><li>In Dec 17, 1903, with Orville at the controls, the flyer lifted off shakily from Kitty hawk and flew 120 ft for 12 seconds duration. </li></ul><ul><li>It had a little more than half the wingspan of a Boeing 747. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1907 purchased US army Signal Corps asked them for an aircraft. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1908, a French syndicate of businessmen agreed to purchase another. </li></ul><ul><li>Together they opened the Wright Company </li></ul>
    4. 5. Industry Insights <ul><li>Global aviation industry is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.6% for the period between 2004-2024. </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging markets like China, India, Middle East poses great opportunity for the civil aviation. </li></ul><ul><li>Industry Domestic passenger air traffic is bound to grow at GAGR 7.5% for the period 2001-10. </li></ul><ul><li>Apart from Indian Airlines private operators like Kingfisher, Air Deccan, Spice Jet, Go Air, etc have started domestic operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Aircraft manufacturers like HAL. </li></ul>05/29/09
    5. 6. The Unfriendly Skies Boeing vs. Airbus The Major Players
    6. 7. BOEING <ul><li>Founded in 1917, Seattle Washington </li></ul><ul><li>the world's largest aircraft and aerospace manufacturer . </li></ul><ul><li>the second-largest defense contractor in the world </li></ul><ul><li>$ 21 billion in revenues (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>the world's largest civil aircraft manufacturer in terms of value (49 % of orders and 45% of deliveries) 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>the largest exporter in the world. </li></ul>
    7. 8. AIRBUS <ul><li>Airbus (S.A.S) was established in 1970 as a European Consortium of French, German, and later Spanish and U.K. companies. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2001, it became a single integrated company. </li></ul><ul><li>The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS) and U.K. based BAE Systems are the owners of Airbus (80%/20% respectively.) </li></ul>
    8. 9. Air Transport and Trade <ul><li>Both companies have suffered after the terrorist attacks of September 11 th , 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>But Airbus recovered faster and delivered more planes than Boeing for the first time in 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Global Market Share (orders) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Airbus 54% vs. Boeing 46% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Global Market Share (deliveries) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Airbus 52% vs. Boeing 48% . </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. TOTAL SALES
    10. 11. A380 Super Jumbo <ul><li>Expected to be the largest commercial jet (550+ passengers) </li></ul><ul><li>new technology—more efficient engines from either Rolls-Royce or Engine Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>better aerodynamic design, and the use of newer and lighter materials. </li></ul><ul><li>$6.5 billion: Largest amount of government funds </li></ul><ul><li>Airbus’ Comparative advantage over Boeing (not supported by the U.S. treasury) </li></ul>
    11. 12. BOEING 787 “Dreamliner” <ul><li>3 airplanes seating 200-300 passengers </li></ul><ul><li>Affordable, comfortable, non-stop, point to point travel to more destinations, </li></ul><ul><li>Fly faster, farther, using 20 % less fuel </li></ul><ul><li>2008: expected entry into service </li></ul>
    12. 13. Airbus 350 <ul><li>250-300 passenger capacity </li></ul><ul><li>15% better fuel efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Expected to enter service in 2010 </li></ul>
    13. 14. Boeing’s position <ul><li>Case filed with WTO in 2005 in response to the $1.7 billion “launch aid” for its new A350 aircraft, which violates subsidy agreements </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Risk-free money – shifts risk from manufacturer to EU taxpayers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Repayment is contingent upon success of aircraft sales. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EU claimed that launch aid was necessary to help an infant industry compete against a mature company. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 2003-04, Airbus sold more airplanes than Boeing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is argument for launch aid still valid? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Airbus’ response <ul><li>Airbus counter-filed against Boeing, claiming: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boeing has been receiving illegal government subsidies through tax breaks and defense contracts. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Launch aid is fully compliant with 1992 agreement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Airbus contends that it has repaid over $6.4 billion in loans, over 40% more than has received. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 16. How They Operate: Boeing Management Model
    16. 17. Financial Performance 05/29/09 46% Year-end 2006 53% Integrated Defense Systems Total revenue = $61.5 billion Commercial Airplanes BCC/ Other 1% Revenue Growth EPS Growth Backlog Growth 53.6 51.4 49.3 205 61.5 279 250 152 2.30 3.20 2003 2004 2005 2006 3.62 * 2.85 0.89 8% Compound Annual Growth Rate >4X revenue *Adjusted EPS is a non-GAAP measure. Definitions, reconciliations and further disclosures regarding this non-GAAP measure are provided in the company’s earnings press release dated January 31, 2007.
    17. 18. Environmental Focus <ul><li>Boeing has been improving the fuel efficiency and environmental performance of its commercial airplane products for decades. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Today’s product line is as fuel efficient (and CO2 efficient) as the average train, and more efficient than the average car. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We have improved airplane fuel efficiency by 70% over the past 40 years, with a corresponding reduction in CO2 emissions. Current models also are 75% quieter than airplanes 40 years ago. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our newest models, the 787 and 747-8, will be 20% and 15% more fuel efficient, respectively, than the models they are replacing, and their “noise footprint” will be 60% and 30% smaller. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aviation accounts for just two percent of global carbon emissions, but with travel growing we are fully committed to continued progress on the environmental front. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved fuel efficiency and lower emissions are goals of every airplane program. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are exploring alternatives to carbon-based fuels (bio-fuels, fuel cell technologies). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concepts for more efficient air traffic management and ground operations are being developed that could lower airplane fuel burn and carbon emissions by as much as 18% per trip. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We have established the Aircraft Fleet Recycling Association to recycle old airplanes. </li></ul></ul>05/29/09 Working responsibly to protect the global environment
    18. 19. Public Private Participation <ul><li>CIAL- Cochin International Airport Limited is the first Greenfield airport in India with a Public private participation. </li></ul><ul><li>It has become a success story within a short period. </li></ul><ul><li>Vision : To become a role model in the aviation industry and offer premium integrated service in aviation. </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic has grown by 400% from 2000-06. </li></ul><ul><li>To cater to the growing demands, the airport facilities are being upgraded on a continuous basis. </li></ul>
    19. 20. Need for Aircrafts in India <ul><li>India will need 911 aircraft in 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic air travel shows rapid growth </li></ul><ul><li>India could overtake China on aircraft demand. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1993, Jet Airways started with just three planes and now has over 60 planes. </li></ul>
    20. 21. Production Operations Maintenance Market Requirements & Overhauls Retirement Engine Development Certification Flight Tests Fundamental Principles Ground Testing and Diagnostics Assembly Life Cycle of an Aircraft: Power Plant System Design Prototype Certification CFD Analysis Stress Analysis & Design, DTA
    21. 22. Production Operations Maintenance Market Requirements & Overhauls Retirement Engine Development Aircraft Certification Assembly & Integration Inspection Part replacement <ul><li>Frequent inspections </li></ul><ul><li>Non-destructive inspections </li></ul><ul><li>Large parts count </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple systems </li></ul>Life Cycle of an Aircraft Time Consuming Processes Design Prototype Certification
    22. 23. Proposed Improvement <ul><ul><li>Relevant science and engineering expertise is distributed nationwide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Computational (PetaFLOP, Molecular, Quantum) paradigms are on the horizon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National networking capabilities are ever increasing </li></ul></ul>
    23. 24. Component Level Evolutionary Path: Virtual Reality <ul><li>CAD </li></ul><ul><li>FEA </li></ul><ul><li>DTA </li></ul><ul><li>CFD </li></ul>Material Selection Design Analysis Virtual Manufacturing Virtual Testing
    24. 25. Enhanced IPPD Multi-Scale Modeling Paradigm Evolutionary Path: Virtual Reality Component Level Virtual Assembly Design Analysis <ul><li>Flight Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Certification </li></ul><ul><li>Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Life Cycle </li></ul>Simulation & Analysis System Level
    25. 26. Rapid Prototyping Assembly Operation Inspection 3D Scanning Embedded Sensors Maintenance <ul><li>Tracks inputs from sensors </li></ul><ul><li>Recommends the optimum maintenance schedule </li></ul>Life Cycle: Cost Minimization & Life Extension Virtual Reality Center