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  • 1. Pwp conçu en 2009 par Remi Marty, merci d’avoir préservé mon travail. Oenology ‘Enter the World of Wine”
  • 2. Time ScheduleWeek 16: Final ExamWeek 14: Cellar Management (2)Week 13: Cellar Management (1) Class Test 2Week 12: Comparing old world and new world wineWeek 11: Wine tasting (others) and food pairing Quiz 5Week 10: Wine tasting (Red and rose) Quiz 4Week 9: Wine tasting (White and Sparkling) Quiz 3Week 8: Introduction to Wine tastingWeek 7: Major European wine producing regions (NWW)Week 6: Major European wine producing regions (OWW) Class Test 1Week 5: France and wine regions with classification (2) Quiz 2Week 4: France and wine regions with classification (1)Week 3: World of wine and grape varieties Quiz 1Week 2: Wine service, duties, storage and ageingWeek 1: Fundamentals of Oenology 2
  • 3. Pwp conçu en 2009 par Remi Marty, merci d’avoir préservé mon travail. Oenology “Enter the World of Wine” France & its Wine Regions
  • 4. Objectives of the lesson Topic 1  To identify the most important regions and rules implied in the classification system Topic 2  To identify the major grape varieties and characteristics per region HTM 2523 4
  • 5. Topic 1France Wine Regions To identify the most important regions and rules implied in the classification system HTM 2523 5
  • 6. France Where is it?France, Great country with great people HTM 2523 6
  • 7. FranceBiggest Cities Paris, Capital Lyon BordeauxToulouse HTM 2523 7
  • 8. History500 BC in Provence,near by Italy(The roman Empirespread grapesproduction in France)1850’s Phylloxera2011 – France is:- No 1 production- No 1 consumption- No 2 surface area HTM 2523 8
  • 9. H- ChampagneA- Loire Valley H I- Alsace I J- Jura A K- Savoie G J K G- Burgundy / B- Bordeaux Bourgogne BC- South West F F- Rhone ValleyFrance’s wine C D E E- ProvenceD- Languedoc Roussillon L L- Corsica HTM 2523 9
  • 10. FRANCE - LARGEST “AOC” AREAS1. BORDEAUX = 122,600 ha2. COTES DU RHONE = 77,000 ha3. LOIRE VALLEY = 50,000 ha4. BURGUNDY = 49,000 haChablis, Côte de Nuits, Côte de Beaune,Côte Chalonnaise, Mâconnais = 26,000 haBeaujolais = 23,000 ha5. LANGUEDOC = 41,000 ha6. ALSACE = 14,500 haSource CIVB 2002 10 HTM 2523
  • 11. Types of wine produced in FranceGenerality, France produce all types of wine But some regions are specialized to one or two types HTM 2523 11
  • 12. Appellation SystemQualityWine AOC AOVQPRD QWPSR A.O.C.ProducedSpecified A.O.V.D.Q.S. VDQSRegion VINS DE PAYS Country wine 26 départements et 4 régions TableDE VIN TABLE Wine VIN DE TABLE Table wine - INAO(Institut National des Appellations dOrigine ) in 1935 - Not only wine… protect as well traditional food, cheese, meat, fruits, vegetable… HTM 2523 12
  • 13. Appellation System A.O.C. Appellation d’Origine Controlée - Area of Production - Variety of grapes - Yield per Hectares - Vineyard Practices - Alcohol degree - Wine making process - Tasting and analysis AOVQPRD A.O.C. A.O.V.D.Q.S. V.D.Q.S. (Appellation dOrigine Vin De Qualité Supérieure) VINS DE PAYS Vin de Pays VIN DE TABLE 26 départements et 4 régions VIN DE TABLE Vin de Table HTM 2523 13
  • 14. Appellation System Grand Cru Grand Cru - Alsace - Champagne - Burgundy - Bordeaux - Wines made from Grand Cru vineyards are the most treasured and expensive wines. - The Grands Crus are so famous that their names alone appear on the labels. HTM 2523 14
  • 15.  The highest designation of a burgundy, Alsace and Chablis vineyard is Grand Cru – Great Growth.  Chablis, burgundy and Alsace classify their Grand Cru according the vineyard location.  i.e. Map of ChablisHTM 2523 15
  • 16. Topic 2France Wine Regions To identify the major grape varieties and characteristics per region HTM 2523 16
  • 17. Bordeaux HTM 2523 17
  • 18. BORDEAUX & BORDEAUX SUPERIEUR AOC’sOver 1,200,000 bottles sold every day around the world! 15 bottles a second! HTM 2523 18
  • 19. BORDEAUXLocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 19
  • 20. BORDEAUXLocation Type of wineType of wineGrape Varieties RED 82% Tannic to ageSoil and climate Lighter red wineSub regions ordistricts DRY WHITE 14%Appellations SWEET WHITE 2%Characteristics ROSÉ & CLAIRET 2%Brand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 20
  • 21. BORDEAUXLocation Grape varietiesType of wine CABERNET SAUVIGNONGrape Varieties CABERNET FRANCSoil and climate MERLOT (PETIT VERDOT)Sub regions or (COT / MALBEC)districtsAppellations SAUVIGNON BLANCCharacteristics SEMILLON (MUSCADELLE)Brand name / Wine (UGNI BLANC)producer HTM 2523 21
  • 22. BORDEAUXLocation Soil and climateType of wineGrape Varieties Climate influenced by the sea and riverSoil and climate -Mild and humidSub regions ordistrictsAppellations SoilCharacteristics Gravel and clayBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 22
  • 23. BORDEAUXLocation Sub regions or districtsType of wine 5 main regions /Grape Varieties districtsSoil and climate • Medoc and haut medocSub regions or • Gravesdistricts • Sauternes and BarsacAppellations • Saint-Emilion • PomerolCharacteristics Under the district, there isBrand name / Wineproducer the commune (village) HTM 2523 23
  • 24. BORDEAUX AND NEIGHBOURING REGIONS G 45´30N iro 45´30N n de COGNAC MEDOC OCEAN ST. ESTEPHE PAUILLAC BLAYE Bordeaux AC ST. JULIEN HAUT-MEDOC PECHARMANT BOURG ROSETTE LISTRAC MOULIS FRONSAC 45N 45N MARGAUX POMEROL BERGERACATLANTIC Libourne MONTRAVEL Bergerac BORDEAUX ST. EMILION ne R. Dordog MONBAZILLAC ENTRE- PREMIERES-COTES- DEUX- DE-BORDEAUX BERGERAC PESSAC- MERS COTES LEOGNAN LOUPIAC DE DURAS GRAVES STE-CROIX- DU-MONT CERONS CADILLAC COTES DU BARSAC N SAUTERNES R MARMANDAIS .G 44´30N aro 44´30N nn e 0 10 20 Km 0 10 MilesBy Mr Joaquim Dias Soeiro HTM 2523 24
  • 25. BORDEAUXLocation AppellationType of wine A.O.C.Grape Varieties VDQSSoil and climate Vin de Pays Vin de TableSub regions ordistricts Bordeaux AOC systemAppellations Communal AppellationCharacteristics District AppellationBrand name / Wine Generic appellationproducer HTM 2523 25
  • 26. BORDEAUXLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Classification 1855 Médoc onlyGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions or Medocdistricts Classified 1st great growth 2nd GrowthAppellations 3rd GrowthCharacteristics 4th GrowthBrand name / Wine 5th Growthproducer HTM 2523 26
  • 27. BORDEAUXLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Saint Emilion in 1954Grape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistricts 1st Great Growth classified AAppellations 1st Great Growth classified BCharacteristicsBrand name / Wine Great Growthproducer HTM 2523 27
  • 28. BORDEAUXLocation Brand name MEDOCType of wine Premier Grand Cru Classé Chateau Latour (Pauillac)Grape Varieties Chateau Mouton Rothschild (Pauillac) Chateau Lafite (Pauillac)Soil and climate Chateau Margaux (Margaux) Chateau Haut-Brion (Graves)Sub regions ordistricts SAUTERNES AND BARSAC Premier Cru Supérieur ClasséAppellations Chateau d’YquemCharacteristics SAINT-EMILION Premier Grand Cru Classé ABrand name / Wine Chateau Cheval Blancproducer Chateau Ausone 28
  • 29. Chateau 29
  • 30. Burgundy HTM 2523 30
  • 31. BURGUNDYLocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 31
  • 32. BURGUNDYLocation Type of wineType of wineGrape Varieties DRY WHITE WINE Dry white wine suitable to age (one of the Best fullSoil and climate body white wine in the world)Sub regions ordistricts RED WINE Elegant red wine suitable to ageAppellations Soft red wine to drink youngCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 32
  • 33. BURGUNDYLocation Grape varietiesType of wine CHARDONNAYGrape Varieties ALIGOTESoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellations PINOT NOIRCharacteristics GAMAY (BEAUJOLAIS)Brand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 33
  • 34. BURGUNDYLocation Soil and climateType of wine ClimateGrape Varieties WARM / HOT SUMMERS -Soil and climate COOL / COLD WINTERSSub regions or LOW HUMIDITY & COOL AUTUMNSdistricts (LACK OF NOBLE ROT)Appellations SoilCharacteristics Clay and LimestoneBrand name / Wine Granite for Beaujolaisproducer HTM 2523 34
  • 35. BURGUNDYLocation Sub regions or districtsType of wine 5 main regions /Grape Varieties districtsSoil and climate  Chablis  Côte d’OrSub regions or This district is divided into 2 parts:districts  Côte de Nuits  Côte de BeauneAppellations  Côte ChalonnaiseCharacteristics  Mâconnais  BeaujolaisBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 35
  • 36. BURGUNDYDISTRICTS HTM 2523 36
  • 37. Au xe rr e CH AB DISTRICTS BURGUNDY 48N LI 47 S N A6 CH de CÔTE D’OR 48 AL Di N O Be C d C jo n NN CÔ nau ôte e N ôte 46 M A T e B uitsHTM 2523 ea N IS E un â one E A6 AC Ch e R. S O A7 al on R. Doubs BE NN N -s AU AI ur 0 S -S0 âo 47 JO 20 M ne N LA â 20 40 IS ne con M K âo ile m s Vi R .S ll su efra r-S nc âo he LY ne - O N R .R 46 hô N ne37
  • 38. BURGUNDYLocation France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate A.O.C.Sub regions ordistricts VDQSAppellations Vin de Pays Vin de TableCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 38
  • 39. BURGUNDYLocation Burgundy AOC system Appellation of Grand Cru accordingType of wine to the vineyard. Grand CruGrape Varieties A.O.C. Name of the vineyard (30) + Grand CruSoil and climate 1er Cru A.O.C.Name of the commune+Name of the vineyard(562) + 1er cruSub regions ordistricts Commune Appellation A.O.C. +Name of the communeAppellations District AppellationCharacteristicsBrand name / Wine Generic Appellationproducer HTM 2523 39
  • 40. BURGUNDYLocation CharacteristicsType of wine BeaujolaisGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 40
  • 41. BURGUNDYLocation CharacteristicsType of wineGrape Varieties Crémant de BourgogneSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 41
  • 42. BURGUNDYLocation Brand nameType of wine CHABLIS Jean Marc BrochardGrape Varieties Jean Paul Drouin Domaine LarocheSoil and climateSub regions or COTE DE NUITSdistricts DRC Domaine de la Romanée- ContiAppellations Domaine Denis MortetCharacteristics COTE DE BEAUNE Domaine LeflaiveBrand name / Wineproducer Louis Jadot Hospices de Beaune 42
  • 43. Loire Valley HTM 2523 43
  • 44. LOIRE VALLEYLocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 44
  • 45. LOIRE VALLEYLocation Type of wineType of wine DRY WHITE WINE •Aromatic and dry white wine to drink youngGrape Varieties •Sweet wine (Coteaux du Layon) RED WINESoil and climate •Soft red wine to drink young ROSE WINESub regions ordistricts SPARKLING WINE •Sparkling wine (Crémant de la Loire)Appellations Vin de Pays du Jardin de la FranceCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer 45
  • 46. LOIRE VALLEYLocation Grape varietiesType of wine MUSCADETGrape Varieties CHENIN BLANC SAUVIGNON BLANCSoil and climate CHARDONNAYSub regions ordistrictsAppellations PINOT NOIR CABERNET FRANCCharacteristics GAMAYBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 46
  • 47. LOIRE VALLEYLocation Soil and climateType of wine Climate influenced byGrape Varieties the sea and riverSoil and climate Mild and humidSub regions ordistricts SoilAppellations Chalk and clayCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 47
  • 48. LOIRE VALLEYLocation Sub regions or districtsType of wineGrape Varieties 4 main regions /Soil and climate districtsSub regions or  Nantais Vineyarddistricts  Anjou-Saumur  TourraineAppellations Central VineyardCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 48
  • 49. LOIRE VALLEY DISTRICTSNANTAIS ANJOU- TOURAINE CENTRAL SAUMUR VINEYARDS HTM 2523 49
  • 50. NANTAIS ANJOU- TOURAINE CENTRAL SAUMUR VINEYARDS ir Orléans Lo e arth R. R. Lo R. S ire Angers Blois re Tours R. Loi Nantes R. ANJOU TOURAINE SANCERRE MUSCADET DE Layo R. Ch er POUILLY SÈVRE-ET-MAINE n QUINCY FUMÉ MUSCADET SAUMUR MENETOU-47N R. Ma SALON 47N ine Nevers R. R. REUILLY S Ind èv re re R. Haut- -N R. V A an ur Poitou R. ta on ie is Al nne e li er PoitiersATLANTIC OCEAN46N N 46N Other Wine 0 50 100 Km Producing Regions 0 50 MilesTHE LOIRE VALLEY HTM 2523 50
  • 51. LOIRE VALLEYLocation France Appellation systemType of wine A.O.C.Grape Varieties VDQSSoil and climate Vin de PaysSub regions or Vin de TabledistrictsAppellations Generic AOC for wine produced all over Loire Valley:Characteristics • Rosé de la Loire • Crémant de la LoireBrand name / Wine No Generic AOC for the entire region forproducer red or white wine. Only regional Appellation 51
  • 52. LOIRE VALLEYLocation Loire Regional AppellationType of wine system Nantais vineyard: (3) A.O.C. MuscadetGrape Varieties A.O.C. Muscadet Côteaux de la Loire A.O.C. Muscadet de Sèvres et MaineSoil and climate Anjou-Saumur: (19) A.O.C. SavennièresSub regions or A.O.C. Côteaux du Layon A.O.C. Saumurdistricts A.O.C. Crémant de la Loire Tourraine: (11)Appellations A.O.C. Bourgueil A.O.C. Chinon A.O.C. TourraineCharacteristics A.O.C. Vouvray Central Vineyard: (6)Brand name / Wine A.O.C. Quincyproducer A.O.C. Sancerre A.O.C. Pouilly Fumé 52
  • 53. LOIRE VALLEYLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Loire Valley NouveauGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 53
  • 54. LOIRE VALLEYLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Crémant de la LoireGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 54
  • 55. Rhone Valley HTM 2523 55
  • 56. RHONE VALLEYLocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 56
  • 57. RHONE VALLEYLocation Type of wineType of wine • RED WINEGrape Varieties Full Bodied red wine to ageSoil and climate • DRY WHITE WINE Aromatic and dry white wine toSub regions ordistricts drink young • ROSE WINEAppellations AOC TavelCharacteristics • VDN Vin Doux NaturelBrand name / Wine (Sweet Fortified wine- White Muscat &producer red Grenache grape) HTM 2523 57
  • 58. RHONE VALLEYLocation Grape varietiesType of wine VIOGNIERGrape Varieties GRENACHE BLANC CLAIRETTESoil and climate UGNI BLANCSub regions ordistrictsAppellations SYRAH GRENACHECharacteristics CARIGNAN MOURVEDREBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 58
  • 59. RHONE VALLEYLocation Soil and climateType of wine 2 DIFFERENT CLIMATES AND TYPES OF SOILGrape Varieties ClimateSoil and climate Northern Rhone – Continental climate with harsh winters, butSub regions or warm summerdistricts Southern Rhone – Mediterranean climate with mild winter and hotAppellations summers & autumnsCharacteristics Soil Northern Rhone – GraniteBrand name / Wine Southern Rhone – Limestone at sub-soil withproducer a covering of sand and large stone in the finest areas HTM 2523 59
  • 60. RHONE VALLEYLocation Soil and climateType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 60
  • 61. RHONE VALLEYLocation Sub regions or districtsType of wine 2 main regionsGrape Varieties Northern Rhone o From Vienne to ValenceSoil and climate Southern RhoneSub regions or o Valence to AvignondistrictsAppellations Northern RhoneCharacteristicsBrand name / Wine Southern Rhoneproducer HTM 2523 61
  • 62. RHONE VALLEY REGIONS HTM 2523 62
  • 63. 45’30N VienneCONDRIEU CÔTE-RÔTIE CHATEAU GRILLET N 0 10 20 Km 0 10 MilesST. JOSEPH HERMITAGE NORTHERN CROZES-HERMITAGE RHÔNE r e Tournon Isè R. 45N 45N CORNAS Valence ST. PERAY R. D rôm CLAIRETTE e DE-DIE Die CHATILLON- EN-DIOIS e hôn R. R HTM 2523 63
  • 64. ne ô R.Rh Montélimar 44’30N 44’30N CÔTES DU VIVARAIS COTEAUX DU R. TRICASTIN Ar dè c he CÔTES DU RHONE/ CÔTES DU RHONE-VILLAGES Rasteau Cairanne Sablet CÔTES DU RHONE/ GIGONDAS CÔTES CÔTES VACQUERAS DU DU RHONE- Beaumes-de-Venise Orange RHONE VILLAGES CHÂTEAUNEUF- DU-PAPE CÔTES LIRAC DU TAVEL VENTOUX 44N 44NSOUTHERN Avignon CÔTES ne DU RHONE hôRHÔNE R.R CÔTES DU LUBERON HTM 2523 64
  • 65. RHONE VALLEYLocation France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate A.O.C.Sub regions ordistricts VDQSAppellations Vin de Pays Vin de TableCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 65
  • 66. RHONE VALLEYLocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate District AppellationSub regions or A.O.C. +Name of the Districtdistricts A.O.C. Côtes Rôtie, Condrieu, Hermitage…AppellationsCharacteristics Generic Appellation AOC Côtes du RhôneBrand name / Wine AOC Côtes du Rhône Villagesproducer HTM 2523 66
  • 67. RHONE VALLEYLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Sparkling wine Côte du Rhone produces a sparklingGrape Varieties wine…Soil and climate Clairette de Die (Champenoise Method)Sub regions or Grapes:districts •Muscat •ClairetteAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 67
  • 68. RHONE VALLEYLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Fortified wine A fortified wine is:Grape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions or +districtsAppellations •AOC Muscat de Beaumes de VeniseCharacteristics •AOC RasteauBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 68
  • 69. Alsace HTM 2523 69
  • 70. ALSACELocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 70
  • 71. ALSACELocation Type of wineType of wineGrape Varieties WHITE WINE Dry white wineSoil and climate Sweet white wineSub regions ordistricts SPARKLING WINE Crémant d’AlsaceAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 71
  • 72. ALSACELocation Grape varietiesType of wine RIESLING *Grape Varieties GEWURZTRAMINER * PINOT GRIS *Soil and climate MUSCAT * PINOT BLANCSub regions or SYLVANERdistrictsAppellationsCharacteristics PINOT NOIRBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 72
  • 73. ALSACELocation Soil and climateType of wine ClimateGrape Varieties Continental climat WARM / HOT SUMMERS -Soil and climate SEVERE WINTERSSub regions ordistrictsAppellations SoilCharacteristics No predominant soil typeBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 73
  • 74. ALSACELocation Sub regions or districtsType of wine No sub regions orGrape Varieties districts in AlsaceSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 74
  • 75. ALSACEDISTRICT S HTM 2523 75
  • 76. ALSACELocation France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate A.O.C.Sub regions ordistricts VDQSAppellations Vin de Pays Vin de TableCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 76
  • 77. ALSACELocation Alsace AOC system Appellation of Grand Cru accordingType of wine to the vineyard.Grape VarietiesSoil and climate Grand Cru A.O.C. Alsace Grand Cru + Grand Cru vineyard nameSub regions or (50 Vineyard classified as Grand Cru)districtsAppellations Generic AppellationCharacteristics AOC Alsace or AOC Vin d’Alsace AOC Crémant d’AlsaceBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 77
  • 78. ALSACELocation CharacteristicsType of wine LABELINGGrape Varieties Grand Cru Great Growth classification given if:Soil and climate • The wine grower has a vineyard classified by INAO as Grand CruSub regions or • Grapes: Alsace grapes nobility useddistricts • Others as quality and yield per HaAppellations Grape varietyCharacteristics Alsace is one of the only AOC where the grape variety is written on the labelBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 78
  • 79. ALSACELocation CharacteristicsType of wine Alsace bottle FLUTEGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 79
  • 80. ALSACELocation CharacteristicsType of wine LABELING TERMGrape Varieties • Vendange tardiveSoil and climate • Selection de Grains Nobles Vendanges tardives = Late HarvestSub regions or Selection de grains noble = Noble grainsdistricts selection Both term are losses termAppellations The main difference is that the Selection de grains noblesCharacteristics will have to be with the noble rot (over maturation) withBrand name / Wine botrytisproducer HTM 2523 80
  • 81.  SGN  VT (late harvest) Selection of noble berries  Wines – Grapes are allowed to hang on the vine until they start Wines made from grapes to dehydrate. This process called affected by noble rot Passerillage ( concentrates the SGN wines are sweet sugars in the juice and changes the flavours within it) dessert wines with rich,  It may only be applied to wines concentrated flavours that exceed a min must weight Alsace wines were the first & pass blind tasting by the to be described as INAO SGN(1984)  Alsace VT is higher than for pradikat spatlese (Germany) HTM 2523 81
  • 82. Provence HTM 2523 82
  • 83. PROVENCELocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 83
  • 84. PROVENCELocation Type of wineType of wine • RED WINEGrape Varieties Medium Bodied red wineSoil and climate • ROSE WINESub regions ordistricts The most famous rosé are from this areaAppellationsCharacteristics • DRY WHITE WINEBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 84
  • 85. PROVENCELocation Grape varietiesType of wine CLAIRETTEGrape Varieties UGNI BLANC MUSCATSoil and climate ROUSSANE BOURBOULENCSub regions or SAUVIGNON BLANCdistrictsAppellations CARIGNAN CINSAULT (Rose)Characteristics GRENACHE (Rose) MOURVEDREBrand name / Wine CABERNET SAUVIGNONproducer HTM 2523 85
  • 86. PROVENCELocation Soil and climateType of wine 2 DIFFERENT CLIMATES AND TYPES OF SOILGrape Varieties ClimateSoil and climate Mediterranean climate with soft winter and very hot summersSub regions ordistricts Soil Variations of soilsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 86
  • 87. PROVENCELocation Sub regions or districtsType of wine No sub regions orGrape Varieties districts in ProvenceSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 87
  • 88. PROVENCE REGION HTM 2523 88
  • 89. PROVENCELocation France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate A.O.C.Sub regions ordistricts VDQSAppellations Vin de Pays Vin de TableCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 89
  • 90. PROVENCELocation Provence AOC systemType of wine NO regional appellation, only 7 AOC in Provence.Grape Varieties The AOC is according to the location:Soil and climate A.O.C. Coteaux d’Aix en Provence A.O.C. Côtes de ProvenceSub regions or A.O.C. Coteaux Varoisdistricts A.O.C. Baux en Provence A.O.C. PalletteAppellations A.O.C. Cassis A.O.C. BandolCharacteristics A.O.C. BelletBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 90
  • 91. PROVENCELocation CharacteristicsType of wine History Provence is the oldest vineyard inGrape Varieties FranceSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 91
  • 92. PROVENCELocation CharacteristicsType of wine History Provence is the oldest vineyard inGrape Varieties FranceSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 92
  • 93. Champagne The greatest & most famous s/wine in the worldA Blind Benedictine monk and head cellarer @ the abbey of Haut-Villers recognizedthat this prickly wine had potential for improvementStronger bottles – with stand the pressure better HTM 2523 93
  • 94. CHAMPAGNELocation LocationType of wine North-eastGrape Varieties ParisSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 94
  • 95. CHAMPAGNELocation Type of wineType of wine SPARKLING WINE (98%) ChampagneGrape VarietiesSoil and climate ROSE WINE AOC Rosé de RiceysSub regions ordistricts WHITE & RED WINEAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 95
  • 96. CHAMPAGNELocation Grape varietiesType of wineGrape Varieties CHARDONNAYSoil and climate Adds elegance & balance to the blendSub regions ordistricts PINOT NOIRAppellations PINOT MEUNIER It gives richness, softnessCharacteristics & predominance of flavourBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 96
  • 97. CHAMPAGNELocation Soil and climateType of wine ClimateGrape Varieties Continental Climate with a low average temperature over the yearSoil and climate (10°C) just enough to ripen the grapes.Sub regions ordistricts Soil Form of chalk of belemnite(it affordsAppellations good drainage & ideal for light W/W) covered by a thin layer of rich topsoilCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 97
  • 98. CHAMPAGNELocation Sub regions or districtsType of wineGrape Varieties 4 main regions /Soil and climate districtsSub regions or  Montagne de Reimsdistricts  Vallée de la MarneAppellations  Côtes des BlancsCharacteristics  Aube VineyardBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 98
  • 99. CHAMPAGNE DISTRICTSThese districts do nothave any AOC usingthere name.It is just an area name AOC Montagne de Reims 99 HTM 2523
  • 100. CHAMPAGNELocation France Appellation systemType of wine A.O.C.Grape Varieties VDQSSoil and climate Vin de PaysSub regions or Vin de TabledistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 100
  • 101. CHAMPAGNELocation Loire Appellation systemType of wine Only 3 AOC:Grape VarietiesSoil and climate • AOC Champagne  Sparkling wineSub regions or •AOC Coteaux Champenoisdistricts  White and RedAppellations •AOC Rosé de Riceys  RoséCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 101
  • 102. CHAMPAGNELocation CharacteristicsType of wine • Champagne AOC • Blanc de Blanc & Blanc de NoirGrape Varieties • Language on the labelSoil and climate • Bottler code RM = Recoltant ManipulantSub regions or (Harvest Handlers-Own wine, grape &districts sell own name) NM = Negociant ManipulantAppellations (Merchant handlers, great C houses, buy grapes from Own & other sources)Characteristics CM = Cooperative Manipulant (Co-operative handler–wine from grapes orBrand name / Wine base wine from all kinds of source)producer HTM 2523 102
  • 103. CHAMPAGNELocation CharacteristicsType of wine • Sweetness degree Cuvee de prestige, Vintage, Non- vintage, Pink,Grape Varieties CremantSoil and climate STYLE SUGAR CONTENTSub regions or EXTRA BRUT(Bone dry) : 0 g/l to 6 g/ldistricts BRUT (Very dry) : 0 g/l to 15 g/l EXTRA DRY (dry-medium): 12 g/l to 20 g/lAppellations DRY (medium sweet): 17 g/l to 35 g/lCharacteristics SEMI-DRY (sweet) : 33 g/l to 50 g/l SWEET (Luscious) : OVER 50 g/lBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 103
  • 104. CHAMPAGNE METHOD OR TRADITIONAL 1 METHOD ( Méthode de Champenoise) 2 3 4 5 61- Assemblage or cuvee (blending)2- bottling. Sugar + yeast are added 7=Liqueur de tirage3- Second fermentation - Ageing4- Remuage (riddling)5- Degorgement, the sediments areremoved from the bottle6-Re-bottling-Addition of oldchampagne + sugar= liqueur d’expedition or dosageThis liqueur gives the final degree ofswetness to the wine HTM 2523 1047- Champagne
  • 105. CHAMPAGNELocation Brand nameType of wine Moët & ChandonGrape Varieties Laurent Perrier Veuve Cliquot PonsardinSoil and climate MummSub regions or Louis Rodererdistricts Pol RogerAppellations Taittinger KrugCharacteristics BollingerBrand name / Wine Dom Ruinartproducer HTM 2523 105
  • 106. Label Champagne HTM 2523 106
  • 107. referencesBooksWine Quality, Tasting and Selection by Keith Grainger, Wiley – BlackwellWindows on the world, Complete Wine Course by Kevin Zraly, 2007 EditionAbout wine by J.P. Henderson & D. Rex, Thomson Delmar LearningWine essentials, professional secret to buying, storing, serving and drinking wineLe vin et les vins etrangers, Paul Brunet, BPI editionExploring the world of Wines and Spirits, Ian Harris, Wine & Spirit Education Trust HTM 2523 107

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