Pwp conçu en 2009 par Remi Marty, merci d’avoir préservé mon travail.                  Oenology   ‘Enter the World of Wine”
Time ScheduleWeek 16: Final ExamWeek 14: Cellar Management (2)Week 13: Cellar Management (1)                            Cl...
Pwp conçu en 2009 par Remi Marty, merci d’avoir préservé mon travail.                  Oenology  “Enter the World of Wine”...
Objectives of the lesson       Topic 1             To identify the most important              regions and rules implied...
Topic 1France Wine Regions     To identify the most important    regions and rules implied in the          classification ...
France                        Where is it?France, Great country  with great people                            HTM 2523   6
FranceBiggest Cities                 HTM 2523   7
History500 BC in Provence,near by Italy(The roman Empirespread grapesproduction in France)1850:2011 – France is:---       ...
H-A-                   H                    I-                                   I                                       J...
FRANCE - LARGEST “AOC” AREAS1.     BORDEAUX               =   122,600 ha2.     COTES DU RHONE         =    77,000 ha3.    ...
Types of wine produced in            FranceGenerality, France produce all types of                  wine But some regions ...
Appellation SystemQualityWine                                                     AOC             AOVQPRD             QWPS...
Appellation System A.O.C. Appellation d’Origine Controlée  -  -  -  -  -  -  -                                  AOVQPRD  ...
Appellation System           Grand Cru Grand Cru - - - - - Wines made from Grand Cru vineyards are the most treasured and...
   The highest designation               of a burgundy, Alsace               and Chablis vineyard is               Grand ...
Topic 2France Wine Regions   To identify the major grape varieties      and characteristics per region               HTM 2...
Bordeaux  HTM 2523   17
BORDEAUX & BORDEAUX    SUPERIEUR AOC’sOver 1,200,000 bottles sold  every day around the          world!   15 bottles a sec...
BORDEAUXLocation                          LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppell...
BORDEAUXLocation                              Type of wineType of wineGrape Varieties      RED                            ...
BORDEAUXLocation                      Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsApp...
BORDEAUXLocation                       Soil and climateType of wineGrape Varieties                     Climate influenced ...
BORDEAUXLocation                 Sub regions or districtsType of wine                     5 main regions /Grape Varieties ...
BORDEAUX AND NEIGHBOURING REGIONS               G45´30N             iro                                                   ...
BORDEAUXLocation                          AppellationType of wine                                            A.O.C.Grape V...
BORDEAUXLocation                    CharacteristicsType of wine                     Classification 1855 Médoc onlyGrape Va...
BORDEAUXLocation                         CharacteristicsType of wine         Saint Emilion in 1954Grape VarietiesSoil and ...
BORDEAUXLocation                         Brand name                     MEDOCType of wine         Premier Grand Cru Classé...
Chateau          29
Burgundy     HTM 2523   30
BURGUNDYLocation                          LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppell...
BURGUNDYLocation                               Type of wineType of wineGrape Varieties      DRY WHITE WINE                ...
BURGUNDYLocation                      Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsApp...
BURGUNDYLocation                        Soil and climateType of wine                     ClimateGrape Varieties           ...
BURGUNDYLocation                     Sub regions or districtsType of wine                     5 main regions /Grape Variet...
BURGUNDYDISTRICTS            HTM 2523   36
Au                                                                   xe                                                   ...
BURGUNDYLocation              France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate                        ...
BURGUNDYLocation                              Burgundy AOC system                     Appellation of Grand Cru accordingTy...
BURGUNDYLocation                       CharacteristicsType of wine         BeaujolaisGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub re...
BURGUNDYLocation                      CharacteristicsType of wineGrape Varieties                     Crémant de BourgogneS...
BURGUNDYLocation                       Brand nameType of wine         CHABLIS                       Jean Marc BrochardGrap...
Loire Valley       HTM 2523   43
LOIRE VALLEYLocation                          LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAp...
LOIRE VALLEYLocation                           Type of wineType of wine         DRY WHITE WINE                     •Aromat...
LOIRE VALLEYLocation                      Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrict...
LOIRE VALLEYLocation                       Soil and climateType of wine                     Climate influenced byGrape Var...
LOIRE VALLEYLocation                 Sub regions or districtsType of wineGrape Varieties      4 main regions /Soil and cli...
LOIRE VALLEYDISTRICTS            HTM 2523   49
ir                                                                                         Orléans                        ...
LOIRE VALLEYLocation                 France Appellation systemType of wine                                               A...
LOIRE VALLEYLocation                  Loire Regional AppellationType of wine                                    system    ...
LOIRE VALLEYLocation                       CharacteristicsType of wine                     Loire Valley NouveauGrape Varie...
LOIRE VALLEYLocation                       CharacteristicsType of wine                     Crémant de la LoireGrape Variet...
Rhone Valley       HTM 2523   55
RHONE VALLEYLocation                           LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsA...
RHONE VALLEYLocation                            Type of wineType of wine                     • RED WINEGrape Varieties    ...
RHONE VALLEYLocation                       Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistric...
RHONE VALLEYLocation                           Soil and climateType of wine         2 DIFFERENT CLIMATES AND TYPES        ...
RHONE VALLEYLocation                           Soil and climateType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordi...
RHONE VALLEYLocation                   Sub regions or districtsType of wine                     2 main regionsGrape Variet...
RHONE VALLEY  REGIONS               HTM 2523   62
45’30N                     VienneCONDRIEU                 CÔTE-RÔTIE                        CHATEAU GRILLET               ...
ne                                           ô                                       R.Rh                                 ...
RHONE VALLEYLocation               France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate                   ...
RHONE VALLEYLocation                           Rhone Valley AOC systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate         ...
RHONE VALLEYLocation                          CharacteristicsType of wine         Sparkling wine                     Côte ...
RHONE VALLEYLocation                              CharacteristicsType of wine         Fortified wine                     A...
Alsace    HTM 2523   69
ALSACELocation                         LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellati...
ALSACELocation                              Type of wineType of wineGrape Varieties     WHITE WINE                    Dry ...
ALSACELocation                     Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppell...
ALSACELocation                        Soil and climateType of wine                    ClimateGrape Varieties     Continent...
ALSACELocation               Sub regions or districtsType of wine                    No sub regions orGrape Varieties     ...
ALSACEDISTRICT   S           HTM 2523   75
ALSACELocation             France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate                           ...
ALSACELocation                                Alsace AOC system                    Appellation of Grand Cru accordingType ...
ALSACELocation                         CharacteristicsType of wine        LABELINGGrape Varieties     Grand Cru           ...
ALSACELocation                           CharacteristicsType of wine        Alsace bottleGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSu...
ALSACELocation                         CharacteristicsType of wine        LABELING TERMGrape Varieties     • Vendange tard...
Provence     HTM 2523   81
PROVENCELocation                          LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppell...
PROVENCELocation                           Type of wineType of wine                    • RED WINEGrape Varieties     Mediu...
PROVENCELocation                      Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsApp...
PROVENCELocation                               Soil and climateType of wine        2 DIFFERENT CLIMATES AND TYPES         ...
PROVENCELocation               Sub regions or districtsType of wine                    No sub regions orGrape Varieties   ...
PROVENCE REGION           HTM 2523   87
PROVENCELocation              France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate                        ...
PROVENCELocation                             Provence AOC systemType of wine        NO regional appellation, only 7 AOC   ...
PROVENCELocation                         CharacteristicsType of wine        History                    Provence is the old...
PROVENCELocation                         CharacteristicsType of wine        History                    Provence is the old...
Champagne     HTM 2523   92
CHAMPAGNELocation                          LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppel...
CHAMPAGNELocation                              Type of wineType of wine                     SPARKLING WINE (98%)          ...
CHAMPAGNELocation                      Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAp...
CHAMPAGNELocation                         Soil and climateType of wine                     ClimateGrape Varieties      Con...
CHAMPAGNELocation                Sub regions or districtsType of wineGrape Varieties      4 main regions /Soil and climate...
CHAMPAGNE DISTRICTSThese districts do nothave any AOC usingthere name.It is just an area name  AOC Montagne de      Reims ...
CHAMPAGNELocation               France Appellation systemType of wine                                        A.O.C.Grape V...
CHAMPAGNELocation                Loire Appellation systemType of wine                     Only 3 AOC:Grape VarietiesSoil a...
CHAMPAGNELocation                      CharacteristicsType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAp...
CHAMPAGNELocation                           CharacteristicsType of wine         • Sweetness degreeGrape VarietiesSoil and ...
CHAMPAGNE METHOD                OR TRADITIONAL    1                    METHOD            ( Méthode de Champenoise)        ...
CHAMPAGNELocation                            Brand nameType of wine                     Moët & ChandonGrape Varieties    ...
Label Champagne       HTM 2523   105
referencesBooksWine Quality, Tasting and Selection by Keith Grainger, Wiley – BlackwellWindows on the world, Complete Wine...
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Htm2523 week 4 - student

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Htm2523 week 4 - student

  1. 1. Pwp conçu en 2009 par Remi Marty, merci d’avoir préservé mon travail. Oenology ‘Enter the World of Wine”
  2. 2. Time ScheduleWeek 16: Final ExamWeek 14: Cellar Management (2)Week 13: Cellar Management (1) Class Test 2Week 12: Comparing old world and new world wineWeek 11: Wine tasting (others) and food pairing Quiz 5Week 10: Wine tasting (Red and rose) Quiz 4Week 9: Wine tasting (White and Sparkling) Quiz 3Week 8: Introduction to Wine tastingWeek 7: Major European wine producing regions (NWW)Week 6: Major European wine producing regions (OWW) Class Test 1Week 5: France and wine regions with classification (2) Quiz 2Week 4: France and wine regions with classification (1)Week 3: World of wine and grape varieties Quiz 1Week 2: Wine service, duties, storage and ageingWeek 1: Fundamentals of Oenology 2
  3. 3. Pwp conçu en 2009 par Remi Marty, merci d’avoir préservé mon travail. Oenology “Enter the World of Wine” France & its Wine Regions
  4. 4. Objectives of the lesson  Topic 1  To identify the most important regions and rules implied in the classification system  Topic 2  To identify the major grape varieties and characteristics per regionBy Mr Joaquim Dias Soeiro HTM 2523 4
  5. 5. Topic 1France Wine Regions To identify the most important regions and rules implied in the classification system HTM 2523 5
  6. 6. France Where is it?France, Great country with great people HTM 2523 6
  7. 7. FranceBiggest Cities HTM 2523 7
  8. 8. History500 BC in Provence,near by Italy(The roman Empirespread grapesproduction in France)1850:2011 – France is:--- HTM 2523 8
  9. 9. H-A- H I- I J- A K- G J K B- G- B F F-C- C D E E- D- L L- HTM 2523 9
  10. 10. FRANCE - LARGEST “AOC” AREAS1. BORDEAUX = 122,600 ha2. COTES DU RHONE = 77,000 ha3. LOIRE VALLEY = 50,000 ha4. BURGUNDY = 49,000 haChablis, Côte de Nuits, Côte de Beaune,Côte Chalonnaise, Mâconnais = 26,000 haBeaujolais = 23,000 ha5. LANGUEDOC = 41,000 ha6. ALSACE = 14,500 haSource CIVB 2002 10 HTM 2523
  11. 11. Types of wine produced in FranceGenerality, France produce all types of wine But some regions are specialized to one or two types HTM 2523 11
  12. 12. Appellation SystemQualityWine AOC AOVQPRD QWPSR A.O.C.ProducedSpecified A.O.V.D.Q.S. VDQSRegion VINS DE PAYS Country wine 26 départements et 4 régions TableDE VIN TABLE Wine VIN DE TABLE Table wine - INAO in 1935 - Not only wine… protect as well traditional food, cheese, meat, fruits, vegetable… HTM 2523 12
  13. 13. Appellation System A.O.C. Appellation d’Origine Controlée - - - - - - - AOVQPRD A.O.C. A.O.V.D.Q.S. V.D.Q.S. VINS DE PAYS Vin de Pays VIN DE TABLE 26 départements et 4 régions VIN DE TABLE Vin de Table HTM 2523 13
  14. 14. Appellation System Grand Cru Grand Cru - - - - - Wines made from Grand Cru vineyards are the most treasured and expensive wines. - The Grands Crus are so famous that their names alone appear on the labels. HTM 2523 14
  15. 15.  The highest designation of a burgundy, Alsace and Chablis vineyard is Grand Cru – Great Growth.  Chablis, burgundy and Alsace classify their Grand Cru according the vineyard location.  i.e. Map of ChablisHTM 2523 15
  16. 16. Topic 2France Wine Regions To identify the major grape varieties and characteristics per region HTM 2523 16
  17. 17. Bordeaux HTM 2523 17
  18. 18. BORDEAUX & BORDEAUX SUPERIEUR AOC’sOver 1,200,000 bottles sold every day around the world! 15 bottles a second! HTM 2523 18
  19. 19. BORDEAUXLocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 19
  20. 20. BORDEAUXLocation Type of wineType of wineGrape Varieties RED 82% Tannic to ageSoil and climate Lighter red wineSub regions ordistricts DRY WHITE 14%Appellations SWEET WHITE 2%Characteristics ROSÉ & CLAIRET 2%Brand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 20
  21. 21. BORDEAUXLocation Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 21
  22. 22. BORDEAUXLocation Soil and climateType of wineGrape Varieties Climate influenced by the sea and riverSoil and climate -Mild and humidSub regions ordistrictsAppellations SoilCharacteristics Gravel and clayBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 22
  23. 23. BORDEAUXLocation Sub regions or districtsType of wine 5 main regions /Grape Varieties districtsSoil and climate •Sub regions or •districts •Appellations • •Characteristics Under the district, there isBrand name / Wineproducer the commune (village) HTM 2523 23
  24. 24. BORDEAUX AND NEIGHBOURING REGIONS G45´30N iro 45´30N n de COGNAC MEDOC OCEAN ST. ESTEPHE PAUILLAC BLAYE Bordeaux AC ST. JULIEN HAUT-MEDOC PECHARMANT BOURG ROSETTE LISTRAC MOULIS FRONSAC 45N 45N MARGAUX POMEROL BERGERACATLANTIC Libourne MONTRAVEL Bergerac BORDEAUX ST. EMILION ne R. Dordog MONBAZILLAC ENTRE- PREMIERES-COTES- DEUX- DE-BORDEAUX BERGERAC PESSAC- MERS COTES LEOGNAN LOUPIAC DE DURAS GRAVES STE-CROIX- DU-MONT CERONS CADILLAC COTES DU BARSAC N SAUTERNES R MARMANDAIS .G44´30N aro 44´30N nn e 0 10 20 Km 0 10 Miles HTM 2523 24
  25. 25. BORDEAUXLocation AppellationType of wine A.O.C.Grape Varieties VDQSSoil and climate Vin de Pays Vin de TableSub regions ordistricts Bordeaux AOC systemAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer 25 HTM 2523
  26. 26. BORDEAUXLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Classification 1855 Médoc onlyGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions or Medocdistricts Classified 1st great growth 2nd GrowthAppellations 3rd GrowthCharacteristics 4th GrowthBrand name / Wine 5th Growthproducer HTM 2523 26
  27. 27. BORDEAUXLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Saint Emilion in 1954Grape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistricts 1st Great Growth classified AAppellations 1st Great Growth classified BCharacteristicsBrand name / Wine Great Growthproducer HTM 2523 27
  28. 28. BORDEAUXLocation Brand name MEDOCType of wine Premier Grand Cru ClasséGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions or SAUTERNES AND BARSACdistrictsAppellationsCharacteristics SAINT-EMILION Premier Grand Cru Classé ABrand name / Wineproducer 28
  29. 29. Chateau 29
  30. 30. Burgundy HTM 2523 30
  31. 31. BURGUNDYLocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 31
  32. 32. BURGUNDYLocation Type of wineType of wineGrape Varieties DRY WHITE WINE Dry white wine suitable to age (Best white wine inSoil and climate the world)Sub regions ordistricts RED WINE Elegant red wine suitable to ageAppellations Soft red wine to drink youngCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 32
  33. 33. BURGUNDYLocation Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 33
  34. 34. BURGUNDYLocation Soil and climateType of wine ClimateGrape Varieties WARM / HOT SUMMERS -Soil and climate COOL / COLD WINTERSSub regions or LOW HUMIDITY & COOL AUTUMNSdistricts (LACK OF NOBLE ROT)Appellations SoilCharacteristics Clay and LimestoneBrand name / Wine Granite for Beaujolaisproducer HTM 2523 34
  35. 35. BURGUNDYLocation Sub regions or districtsType of wine 5 main regions /Grape Varieties districtsSoil and climate  Sub regions or This district is divided into 2 parts:districts  Appellations Characteristics  Brand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 35
  36. 36. BURGUNDYDISTRICTS HTM 2523 36
  37. 37. Au xe rr e CH AB DISTRICTS BURGUNDY 48N LI 47 S N A6 CH de CÔTE D’OR 48 AL Di N O Be C d C jo n NN CÔ nau ôte e N ôte 46 M A T e B uitsHTM 2523 ea N IS E un â one E A6 AC Ch e R. S O A7 al on R. Doubs BE NN N -s AU AI ur 0 S -S0 âo 47 JO 20 M ne N LA â 20 40 IS ne con M K âo ile m s Vi R .S ll su efra r-S nc âo he LY ne - O N R .R 46 hô N ne37
  38. 38. BURGUNDYLocation France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate A.O.C.Sub regions ordistricts VDQSAppellations Vin de Pays Vin de TableCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 38
  39. 39. BURGUNDYLocation Burgundy AOC system Appellation of Grand Cru accordingType of wine to the vineyard.Grape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 39
  40. 40. BURGUNDYLocation CharacteristicsType of wine BeaujolaisGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 40
  41. 41. BURGUNDYLocation CharacteristicsType of wineGrape Varieties Crémant de BourgogneSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 41
  42. 42. BURGUNDYLocation Brand nameType of wine CHABLIS Jean Marc BrochardGrape Varieties Jean Paul Drouin Domaine LarocheSoil and climateSub regions or COTE DE NUITSdistricts DRC Domaine de la Romanée- ContiAppellations Domaine Denis MortetCharacteristics COTE DE BEAUNE Domaine LeflaiveBrand name / Wineproducer Louis Jadot Hospices de Beaune 42
  43. 43. Loire Valley HTM 2523 43
  44. 44. LOIRE VALLEYLocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 44
  45. 45. LOIRE VALLEYLocation Type of wineType of wine DRY WHITE WINE •Aromatic and dry white wine to drink youngGrape Varieties •Sweet wine (Coteaux du Layon) RED WINESoil and climate •Soft red wine to drink young ROSE WINESub regions ordistricts SPARKLING WINE •Sparkling wine (Crémant de la Loire)Appellations Vin de Pays du Jardin de la FranceCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer 45
  46. 46. LOIRE VALLEYLocation Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 46
  47. 47. LOIRE VALLEYLocation Soil and climateType of wine Climate influenced byGrape Varieties the sea and riverSoil and climate Mild and humidSub regions ordistricts SoilAppellations Chalk and clayCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 47
  48. 48. LOIRE VALLEYLocation Sub regions or districtsType of wineGrape Varieties 4 main regions /Soil and climate districtsSub regions or districts  Appellations CharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 48
  49. 49. LOIRE VALLEYDISTRICTS HTM 2523 49
  50. 50. ir Orléans Lo e arth R. R. Lo R. S ire Angers Blois re Tours R. Loi Nantes R. ANJOU TOURAINE SANCERRE MUSCADET DE Layo R. Ch er POUILLY SÈVRE-ET-MAINE n QUINCY FUMÉ MUSCADET SAUMUR MENETOU-47N R. Ma SALON 47N ine Nevers R. R. REUILLY S Ind èv re re R. Haut- -N R. V A an ur Poitou R. ta on ie is Al nne e li er PoitiersATLANTIC OCEAN46N N 46N Other Wine 0 50 100 Km Producing Regions 0 50 MilesTHE LOIRE VALLEY HTM 2523 50
  51. 51. LOIRE VALLEYLocation France Appellation systemType of wine A.O.C.Grape Varieties VDQSSoil and climate Vin de PaysSub regions or Vin de TabledistrictsAppellations Generic AOC for wine produced all over Loire Valley:Characteristics • Rosé de la Loire • Crémant de la LoireBrand name / Wine No Generic AOC for the entire region forproducer red or white wine. Only regional Appellation 51
  52. 52. LOIRE VALLEYLocation Loire Regional AppellationType of wine system Nantais vineyard: (3) A.O.C. MuscadetGrape Varieties A.O.C. Muscadet Côteaux de la Loire A.O.C. Muscadet de Sèvres et MaineSoil and climate Anjou-Saumur: (19) A.O.C. SavennièresSub regions or A.O.C. Côteaux du Layon A.O.C. Saumurdistricts A.O.C. Crémant de la Loire Tourraine: (11)Appellations A.O.C. Bourgueil A.O.C. Chinon A.O.C. TourraineCharacteristics A.O.C. Vouvray Central Vineyard: (6)Brand name / Wine A.O.C. Quincyproducer A.O.C. Sancerre A.O.C. Pouilly Fumé 52
  53. 53. LOIRE VALLEYLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Loire Valley NouveauGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 53
  54. 54. LOIRE VALLEYLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Crémant de la LoireGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 54
  55. 55. Rhone Valley HTM 2523 55
  56. 56. RHONE VALLEYLocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 56
  57. 57. RHONE VALLEYLocation Type of wineType of wine • RED WINEGrape Varieties Full Bodied red wine to ageSoil and climate • DRY WHITE WINE Aromatic and dry white wine toSub regions ordistricts drink young • ROSE WINEAppellations AOC TavelCharacteristics • VDNBrand name / Wine Vin Doux Naturel (Sweetproducer Fortified wine) HTM 2523 57
  58. 58. RHONE VALLEYLocation Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 58
  59. 59. RHONE VALLEYLocation Soil and climateType of wine 2 DIFFERENT CLIMATES AND TYPES OF SOILGrape Varieties ClimateSoil and climate Northern Rhone – Continental climateSub regions ordistricts Southern Rhone – Mediterranean climate with mild winter and hotAppellations summers & autumnsCharacteristics Soil Northern Rhone – GraniteBrand name / Wine Southern Rhone – Limestone at sub-producer soil with a covering of sand and large stone in the HTM 2523 59 finest areas
  60. 60. RHONE VALLEYLocation Soil and climateType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 60
  61. 61. RHONE VALLEYLocation Sub regions or districtsType of wine 2 main regionsGrape Varieties o From Vienne to ValenceSoil and climateSub regions or o Valence to AvignondistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 61
  62. 62. RHONE VALLEY REGIONS HTM 2523 62
  63. 63. 45’30N VienneCONDRIEU CÔTE-RÔTIE CHATEAU GRILLET N 0 10 20 Km 0 10 MilesST. JOSEPH HERMITAGE CROZES-HERMITAGE r e Tournon Isè R. 45N 45N CORNAS Valence ST. PERAY R. D rôm CLAIRETTE e DE-DIE Die CHATILLON- EN-DIOIS e hôn R. R HTM 2523 63
  64. 64. ne ô R.Rh Montélimar44’30N 44’30N CÔTES DU VIVARAIS COTEAUX DU R. TRICASTIN Ar dè c he CÔTES DU RHONE/ CÔTES DU RHONE-VILLAGES Rasteau Cairanne Sablet CÔTES DU RHONE/ GIGONDAS CÔTES CÔTES VACQUERAS DU DU RHONE- Beaumes-de-Venise Orange RHONE VILLAGES CHÂTEAUNEUF- DU-PAPE CÔTES LIRAC DU TAVEL VENTOUX 44N 44N Avignon CÔTES ne DU RHONE hô R.R CÔTES DU LUBERON HTM 2523 64
  65. 65. RHONE VALLEYLocation France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate A.O.C.Sub regions ordistricts VDQSAppellations Vin de Pays Vin de TableCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 65
  66. 66. RHONE VALLEYLocation Rhone Valley AOC systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate Commune AppellationSub regions or A.O.C. +Name of the communedistricts A.O.C. Côtes Rôtie, Condrieu, Hermitage…AppellationsCharacteristics Generic Appellation AOC Côtes du RhôneBrand name / Wine AOC Côtes du Rhône Villagesproducer HTM 2523 66
  67. 67. RHONE VALLEYLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Sparkling wine Côte du Rhone produces a sparklingGrape Varieties wine…Soil and climate Clairette de Die (Champenoise Method)Sub regions or Grapes:districts •Muscat •ClairetteAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 67
  68. 68. RHONE VALLEYLocation CharacteristicsType of wine Fortified wine A fortified wine is:Grape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions or +districtsAppellations •AOC Muscat de Beaumes de VeniseCharacteristics •AOC RasteauBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 68
  69. 69. Alsace HTM 2523 69
  70. 70. ALSACELocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 70
  71. 71. ALSACELocation Type of wineType of wineGrape Varieties WHITE WINE Dry white wineSoil and climate Sweet white wineSub regions ordistricts SPARKLING WINE Crémant d’AlsaceAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 71
  72. 72. ALSACELocation Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 72
  73. 73. ALSACELocation Soil and climateType of wine ClimateGrape Varieties Continental climat WARM / HOT SUMMERS -Soil and climate SEVERE WINTERSSub regions ordistrictsAppellations SoilCharacteristics No predominant soil typeBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 73
  74. 74. ALSACELocation Sub regions or districtsType of wine No sub regions orGrape Varieties districts in AlsaceSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 74
  75. 75. ALSACEDISTRICT S HTM 2523 75
  76. 76. ALSACELocation France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate A.O.C.Sub regions ordistricts VDQSAppellations Vin de Pays Vin de TableCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 76
  77. 77. ALSACELocation Alsace AOC system Appellation of Grand Cru accordingType of wine to the vineyard.Grape VarietiesSoil and climate Grand Cru A.O.C. Alsace Grand Cru + Grand Cru vineyard nameSub regions or (50 Vineyard classified as Grand Cru)districtsAppellations Generic AppellationCharacteristics AOC Alsace or AOC Vin d’Alsace AOC Crémant d’AlsaceBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 77
  78. 78. ALSACELocation CharacteristicsType of wine LABELINGGrape Varieties Grand Cru Great Growth classification given if:Soil and climate • The wine grower has a vineyard classified by INAO as Grand CruSub regions or • Grapes: Alsace grapes nobility useddistricts • Others as quality and yield per HaAppellations Grape varietyCharacteristics Alsace is one of the only AOC where the grape variety is written on the labelBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 78
  79. 79. ALSACELocation CharacteristicsType of wine Alsace bottleGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 79
  80. 80. ALSACELocation CharacteristicsType of wine LABELING TERMGrape Varieties • Vendange tardiveSoil and climate • Selection de Grains Nobles Vendanges tardives = Late HarvestSub regions or Selection de grains noble = Noble grainsdistricts selection Both term are losses termAppellations The main difference is that the Selection de grains noblesCharacteristics will have to be with the noble rot (over maturation) withBrand name / Wine botrytisproducer HTM 2523 80
  81. 81. Provence HTM 2523 81
  82. 82. PROVENCELocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 82
  83. 83. PROVENCELocation Type of wineType of wine • RED WINEGrape Varieties Medium Bodied red wineSoil and climate • ROSE WINESub regions ordistricts The most famous rosé are from this areaAppellationsCharacteristics • DRY WHITE WINEBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 83
  84. 84. PROVENCELocation Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 84
  85. 85. PROVENCELocation Soil and climateType of wine 2 DIFFERENT CLIMATES AND TYPES OF SOILGrape Varieties ClimateSoil and climate Mediterranean climate with soft winter and very hot summersSub regions ordistricts Soil Variations of soilsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 85
  86. 86. PROVENCELocation Sub regions or districtsType of wine No sub regions orGrape Varieties districts in ProvenceSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 86
  87. 87. PROVENCE REGION HTM 2523 87
  88. 88. PROVENCELocation France Appellation systemType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climate A.O.C.Sub regions ordistricts VDQSAppellations Vin de Pays Vin de TableCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 88
  89. 89. PROVENCELocation Provence AOC systemType of wine NO regional appellation, only 7 AOC in Provence.Grape Varieties The AOC is according to the location:Soil and climate A.O.C. Coteaux d’Aix en Provence A.O.C. Côtes de ProvenceSub regions or A.O.C. Coteaux Varoisdistricts A.O.C. Baux en Provence A.O.C. PalletteAppellations A.O.C. Cassis A.O.C. BandolCharacteristics A.O.C. BelletBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 89
  90. 90. PROVENCELocation CharacteristicsType of wine History Provence is the oldest vineyard inGrape Varieties FranceSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 90
  91. 91. PROVENCELocation CharacteristicsType of wine History Provence is the oldest vineyard inGrape Varieties FranceSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 91
  92. 92. Champagne HTM 2523 92
  93. 93. CHAMPAGNELocation LocationType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 93
  94. 94. CHAMPAGNELocation Type of wineType of wine SPARKLING WINE (98%) ChampagneGrape VarietiesSoil and climate ROSE WINE AOC Rosé de RiceysSub regions ordistricts WHITE & RED WINEAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 94
  95. 95. CHAMPAGNELocation Grape varietiesType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 95
  96. 96. CHAMPAGNELocation Soil and climateType of wine ClimateGrape Varieties Continental Climate with a low average temperature over the yearSoil and climate (10°C) just enough to ripen the grapes.Sub regions ordistricts Soil Form of chalk covered by a thin layerAppellations of rich topsoilCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 96
  97. 97. CHAMPAGNELocation Sub regions or districtsType of wineGrape Varieties 4 main regions /Soil and climate districtsSub regions or  Montagne de Reimsdistricts  Vallée de la MarneAppellations  Côtes des BlancsCharacteristics  Aube VineyardBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 97
  98. 98. CHAMPAGNE DISTRICTSThese districts do nothave any AOC usingthere name.It is just an area name AOC Montagne de Reims 98 HTM 2523
  99. 99. CHAMPAGNELocation France Appellation systemType of wine A.O.C.Grape Varieties VDQSSoil and climate Vin de PaysSub regions or Vin de TabledistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 99
  100. 100. CHAMPAGNELocation Loire Appellation systemType of wine Only 3 AOC:Grape VarietiesSoil and climate • AOC Champagne  Sparkling wineSub regions or •AOC Coteaux Champenoisdistricts  White and RedAppellations •AOC Rosé de Riceys  RoséCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 100
  101. 101. CHAMPAGNELocation CharacteristicsType of wineGrape VarietiesSoil and climateSub regions ordistrictsAppellationsCharacteristicsBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 101
  102. 102. CHAMPAGNELocation CharacteristicsType of wine • Sweetness degreeGrape VarietiesSoil and climate STYLE SUGAR CONTENTSub regions or EXTRA BRUT : 0 g/l to 6 g/ldistricts BRUT : 0 g/l to 15 g/l EXTRA DRY : 12 g/l to 20 g/lAppellations DRY : 17 g/l to 35 g/lCharacteristics SEMI-DRY : 33 g/l to 50 g/l SWEET : OVER 50 g/lBrand name / Wineproducer HTM 2523 102
  103. 103. CHAMPAGNE METHOD OR TRADITIONAL 1 METHOD ( Méthode de Champenoise) 2 3 4 5 61- Assemblage or cuvee (blending)2- bottling. Sugar + yeast are added 7=Liqueur de tirage3- Second fermentation - Ageing4- Remuage (riddling)5- Degorgement, the sediments areremoved from the bottle6-Re-bottling-Addition of oldchampagne + sugar= liqueur d’expedition or dosageThis liqueur gives the final degree ofswetness to the wine HTM 2523 1037- Champagne
  104. 104. CHAMPAGNELocation Brand nameType of wine Moët & ChandonGrape Varieties Laurent Perrier Veuve Cliquot PonsardinSoil and climate MummSub regions or Louis Rodererdistricts Pol RogerAppellations Taittinger KrugCharacteristics BollingerBrand name / Wine Dom Ruinartproducer HTM 2523 104
  105. 105. Label Champagne HTM 2523 105
  106. 106. referencesBooksWine Quality, Tasting and Selection by Keith Grainger, Wiley – BlackwellWindows on the world, Complete Wine Course by Kevin Zraly, 2007 EditionAbout wine by J.P. Henderson & D. Rex, Thomson Delmar LearningWine essentials, professional secret to buying, storing, serving and drinking wineLe vin et les vins etrangers, Paul Brunet, BPI editionExploring the world of Wines and Spirits, Ian Harris, Wine & Spirit Education Trust HTM 2523 106

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