Confucianism

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Confucianism

  1. 1. Confucianism By Elizabeth, Kevin, and Kody
  2. 2. Distribution <ul><li>Primary followers in mainland China and Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Korea has the largest population outside of China </li></ul><ul><li>Influential in Japan and Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>6,028,000 followers in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>99.4% are in Asia </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Diffusion <ul><li>Books by Confucius were required texts for admission to Chinese administration for over 1500 years </li></ul><ul><li>Scholars put emphasis on popularizing Confucian values </li></ul><ul><li>Yi dynasty (1392–1910), Confucianism was state ideology </li></ul><ul><li>Diffused through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Folk songs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Drama </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literature and Arts </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Diffusion <ul><li>Many Confucian academies built </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diffused to both Korea and Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diffusion halted during Japanese occupation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of followers declined </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New government after World War 2 did not support Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Today, Confucianism is a major influence on values and society in Asia </li></ul>
  5. 5. Origins <ul><li>Began about 2,500 years ago in the Chinese province of Lu </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Supreme Sage K’ung-fu-tsu (Confucius) and Second Sage Meng-tzu (Mencius) </li></ul><ul><li>Confucius was a philosopher and teacher whose pupils recorded his sayings </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasized the importance of Li, propriety and virtue, in order to become the Superior Man </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sayings <ul><li>Before you embark on a journey of revenge, dig two graves. </li></ul><ul><li>Forget injuries, never forget kindness </li></ul><ul><li>Study the past if you would define the future </li></ul><ul><li>By nature, men are nearly alike; by practice, they get to be wide apart </li></ul>
  7. 7. System of Beliefs <ul><li>Major scriptures: The Analects, Doctrine of the Mean, Mencius, and Great Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Primary goal: to create a true nobility through proper education and the indoctrination of all the virtues </li></ul><ul><li>Belief in the presence of the Supreme Ruler and Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of life is to follow an orderly and reverent existence in accord with Li </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Rule: Never do to others what you would not like them to do to you </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition, obligation, sympathy, and respect </li></ul>
  8. 9. Organization <ul><li>Confucius believed in a system called “Ruling by Rites” </li></ul><ul><li>Representative form of government </li></ul><ul><li>In order to maintain order and peace, the people needed to respect and follow their superiors, but mutual respect was necessary at all times </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism became the base for the social system in Asia </li></ul>
  9. 10. Organization <ul><li>No denominations or sects </li></ul><ul><li>Followers are free to profess other religions and yet still be Confucians </li></ul><ul><li>Taught in Eastern Asian countries including China, Taiwan, Korea and Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Considered an ideology and taught in schools </li></ul><ul><li>Confucian leaders are mostly elderly and remain at schools to teach future generations </li></ul>
  10. 11. Effect on Landscape <ul><li>Has affected landscape through meticulous attention to order </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflected in organization of buildings and public works </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most Confucius temples are also used as Buddhist and Taoist temples </li></ul><ul><li>Many Confucian academies have been turned into museums </li></ul>Confucius statue at the Confucius Temple (Beijing)
  11. 12. Conflict
  12. 13. Confucius Jokes <ul><li>Man who drive like hell bound to get there </li></ul><ul><li>Man who lives in glass house should change clothes in basement </li></ul><ul><li>Wise man never play leapfrog with unicorn </li></ul><ul><li>Man with one chopstick goes hungry </li></ul>

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