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Speed control on minibuses
 

Speed control on minibuses

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    Speed control on minibuses Speed control on minibuses Presentation Transcript

    • POLS 7050 Public Administration Case Study: Speed control on minibuses LO Kam-wah (09425616) TANG Wai-yip (09409564)
    • Red-top minibus ran on pedestrian and the driver finally convicted guilty in court. (Video taken by others and put on Y ou T ube) Three people died at the scene and a fourth in hospital on 25 July 2009 in a Yuen Long crach involving a minibus and a container truck.
    • Background of the case
      • 1118 & 1017 minibus related accidents in 2007 & 2008
      • 17 people died & 899 injured in 2007 14 people died & 1603 injured in 2008
      • Government officials & Transport Advisory Committee (TAC)
      • were discussing the issue since 2002
      • Measures introduced
        • S eat belts and high-back seats
        • S peed Display Device (SDD)
      • Enhance h ardware of minibuses to reduce n o. of accidents &
      • improve road safety
      • However, fatal accident s still occurred nearly once a month
      Background of the case
    • Background of the case
      • According to annual report of Transport Complaints Unit in 2008, 57% and 79% of comlpaints about imporper driving behaviour, misconduct and poor performance of minibus drivers
      • Government’s view:
        • Drivers’ attitude & Speeding were main problems
      • Three new measures will be launched including :_ a) Installation of Speed Limiter s; b) Installation of Black Box es; & c) Mandatory P re-service T raining for new drivers .
    • Speed Limiter s
      • Function
        • Limit fuel to engine to control max. speed
      • Objectives
        • Prevent Speeding offence
        • Protect road users, passengers & drivers
    • Speed Limiters
      • Advantages
        • Lower opportunity of fatal accidents by speeding
          • Reduced max. speed
        • Lower law enforcement cost
          • Police do not need to pretend passengers to collect speeding evidences
    • Speed Limiters
      • Potential Problems
        • Exceeding speed in non-highways
          • For red-top minibus
          • Income decreased for less trips
          • Speeding in non-highways to increase overall speed
          • Increase risk of collision
      • Potential Problems
        • Increased opportunity of breaching Road Traffic Ordinance
          • Dashing through cross roads in front of the RED traffic lights
          • Allowing passengers to get on minibuses in restricted areas
          • Recent news : A red- top minibus driver even drove into the pedestrian
      Speed Limiters
      • Technical difficulties
        • Non applicable to vehicles fed by liquefied petroleum gas
          • Shift to drive such vehicles to evade control
        • Only control maximum speed
          • Non applicable for roads with lower speed limits
      Speed Limiters
    • Black Box
      • A device like what installed in aircrafts
      • Record date, time, speed, drivers ’ actions &
      • minibus reactions
      • B etter understanding to what happens when accident s occur
    • Black Box
      • Advantage s
      • Simpl e to implement
      • No subsidy will be given by Government
      • Unauthorised alteration to the device commits an offence
    • Black Box
      • Potential Problems
      • Unable to prevent accidents caused by speeding
      • Only a data-collecting machine & no effect on driving
    • Mandatory Pre-service training for new drivers
      • Apart from PLB Driver Training Course & Driving Improvement Course
      • Compulsory pre-service course before getting minibus driving license
      • E mphasized on :_
        • R oad safety, passenger safety, driving behaviour & attitude, service skills, handling accidents, emergency vehicle control & road safety regulations
      • Aim : I mprove the driving attitude
      • Advantage
        • Educating drivers before they commence business
        • Precautionary measure to avoid imporper driving behaviour & misconduct
      Mandatory Pre-service training for new drivers
      • Potential Problems
        • T he point is: Any motivati on for drivers to commit traffic offences? Any inducement for speeding?
        • Cannot solve the ultimate problem behind
        • Drivers will insist their driving behaviour
      Mandatory Pre-service training for new drivers
    • Main Reason s
      • 1. Salary structure
        • For employees
          • Income = % x (Fare revenue – fuel cost)
        • For sole proprietors
          • Income = Fare revenue – (maintenance & fuel cost)
        • Maximising no. of trips = maximising potential income
        • Rush in every trip
      • 2. Bad driving attitude
        • For red-top minibus drivers
          • Problematic salary structure
        • For green-top minibus drivers
          • Want more break between trips
          • Secret part-time jobs
      Main Reason s
      • 3. Wrong concepts
        • Not easily be caught by Police
        • Offences not reported by passengers
      Main Reason s
      • 4. Cost effective for breaching traffic laws
        • Increase in income from law breaking
        • >
        • Fines for breaking laws (∵little chance?)
      Main Reason s
    • Speed Limiter for real problem s
      • Create new potential problems
        • Exceeding speed in non-highways
        • Increased opportunity of breaching Road Traffic Ordinance
        • Technical difficulties
      • Major causes:_
        • Driving too close to the vehicles in front
        • Careless lane changing
    •  
    • Black Box for real problem s
      • Black Box functions only after accidents occur
      • Cannot relate the speeds to specific roads
      • Illegal alteration to the device as Speed Display Device (SDD)
    • Pre-service training for real problem s
      • Drivers will not strictly adhere to regulations
      • Driver will not follow what they have learnt
    • Alternative Solutions
      • Profit sharing scheme & Sole proprietorship (Red-top minibus)
        • Owners only concern profits but not driving behaviour
        • Long-term problem
      • Only long-term solution:
        • Replacing all red-top minibuses by green-top ones
      Adjusting Salary Structure
    • Alternative Solutions External Indic a tor Lights
      • Installed on the top of minibuses
      • Different lights indicate different ranges of speed
      • Alert other road users
      • Police can easily detect the speeding offence
      • Drivers prevent s peeding because Police can eas ily detect
    • Alternative Solutions Enhance passengers’ responsibilities
      • Passengers bear repsonsibility on speeding
      • Not report to Police because enjoying advantage
      • B ut blame drivers once a ccidents occur
      • Recommendation:
        • R ewarding system for complaints of successful prosecution
        • Financed by part of fine from traffic offences
      • Driving-offence point scheme (max. 18 pts.)
        • Failing to comply with traffic signals : 5 pts.
      • Recommendation:
        • Increase to 10 pts. for same offence in cross roads
      Alternative Solutions Increase Penalty
      • Failure to keep a safe distance from vehicle in front & Careless lane changing
      • Present Offence: Careless driving
      • Recommendation:
        • Specific offences legislation
        • Loss for fine > potential income
      Alternative Solutions Increase Penalty
    • Thank you!