ImportantTermsBe sure to recordinformation onto yourvocabulary self-assessmentsheet
Satire (n) Literaryart of diminishing a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking toward it attitudes of amusement, contempt, scorn or indignation Takes form from genre it spoofs Horation Satire playful in tone Juvenalian harsh in tone
Parody Used as noun and verb (a parody or to parody) To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing in order to ridicule the original. to be successful, audience must know the original text that is being ridiculed less scornful than satire
Lampoon artisticform of satire and parody, usually a picture, drawing, comic or other form of visual expression purpose is to amuse the audience while pointing out flaws
Purpose of Satire Allsatire has a purpose to use creative techniques to: amuse the audience poke fun at a target in order to promote some kind of positive change not simply insulting or making fun of something or someone
Targets of Satire Allsatire has a target the person, issue, group or situation that is being held up for ridicule in the satire
Audience of Satire the general public individuals who can make the kind of change suggested by the satire
Techniques of Satire generally used to make a comment or criticism about a particular subject or character Include: Exaggeration Understatement Incongruity Reversal
Exaggeration Enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen Caricature is the exaggeration of a physical feature or trait. Cartoons, especially political cartoons, provide extensive examples of caricature Burlesque is the ridiculous exaggeration of language. For instance, when a character who should use formal, intelligent language speaks like a fool or a character who is portrayed as uneducated uses highly sophisticated, intelligent language.
Understatement todiminish or downplay something to a ridiculously low level in order to make a very important issue seem unimportant and to therefore emphasize it
Incongruity To present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to its surroundings. Particular techniques include: oxymoron metaphor irony
Reversal To present the opposite of the normal order can focus on the order of events, such as serving dessert before the main dish or having breakfast for dinner can focus on hierarchical order—for instance, when a young child makes all the decisions for a family or when an administrative assistant dictates what the company president decides and does
Irony discrepancy between what one expects to hear or see and what one actually does hear or see Three types: verbal irony – saying one thing and meaning another situational irony – doing something that is opposite of what one expects dramatic irony – occurs when the audience knows something that the characters do not (frequent in novels and plays)
Improbability Topresent things that are highly unlikely to happen or even be Examples: events conversations character types
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