Mohamed Esmat Abdelrazek
Organizational Influences on Project Management
The organizational culture, style, and structure influence how
projects are performed.
An organization’s degree of project management maturity and
its project management systems can also influence the project
Organizational structure is an enterprise environmental
factor which can affect the availability of resources and
influence how projects are conducted
Organizational influences on Projects
Let us start…….
how to formally authorize
-Project Statement of Work
-Devolp project charter
•Develop Project charter
• The process of developing a document that formally
authorizes a project or a phase
• Project statement of
• Business case
• Enterprise environmental
• Organizational process
1. Expert judgment
1. Project charter
• Statement of Work
• narrative description of products or services
to be delivered by the project contain
• Business need
• Product scope description
• Strategic plan
• Provide the necessary information from business
standpoint to determine whether or not the project is
worth the required investment.
Enterprise Environmental Factors
Organizational culture and structure , Government or
product standards, quality standards, and
Infrastructure (e.g., existing facilities and capital
Existing human resources (e.g., skills, disciplines, and
knowledge, such as design,
development, law, contracting, and purchasing),
Personnel administration (e.g., hiring and firing
guidelines, employee performance reviews, and
Company work authorization systems,
Organizational process assets
-Organizational policies as they
pertain to scope planning and
- Organizational procedures related
to scope planning and management
-Historical information about
previous projects, lesson learned
Project charter contents
-Project purpose & justification.
-Objectives and their success criteria
-High level requirements that satisfy
stakeholder needs, wants, and expectation.
- Business need, high level product
description, or product requirements.
-Assigned project manager and authority
-Summary milestone schedule.
- Summary budget
- Name of sponsor or those authorizing the
- Functional organizations and their
-Organizational, environmental & external
What is the next
• The process of identifying all people or organizations impacted by the project,
and documenting relevant information regarding their interest, involvement,
and impact on project success.
1. Project charter
4. Organizational process
1. Stakeholder analysis
2. Expert judgment
1. Stakeholder register
• A technique of systematically gathering and analyzing quantitative &
qualitative information to determine whose interests should be taken
into account throughout the project.
Output of Identify Stakeholder
• Stakeholder Register
Stakeholder Stakeholder interest(s) in
Assessment of impact Potential strategies for gaining
support or reducing obstacles
Company Impact Influence Main expectations
• Stakeholder Management Strategy
- Defines an approach to increase the support and minimize negative impacts of
- The information could be too sensitive to be shared.
- A common way of representing is by using a stakeholder analysis matrix.
1-Which of the following is not a project?
a. Running an election campaign for a political candidate.
b. Building a bridge over a river.
c. Pilot aircraft for a United flight.
d. Writing a book on Project Management
2. Which of these is not one of the triple constraint of
3-Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a
A- Constrained by limited resources
B- Planned, executed, and controlled
C- Creates a unique product or service
D- Ongoing and repetitive
4-You are managing the release of a new drug in
the market. Your role is that of a:
A- Functional Manager, because you have good functional
knowledge of the pharmaceutical industry
B- Project Manager, because you are creating a unique product
within specific time schedules
C- Operations Manager, because you have to do several repetitive
D- Program Manager, because you have to manage several
projects to do your job effectively
5-What is the purpose of a project charter?
A-To formally authorize a project or a phase and document initial
requirements which satisfy the stakeholder’s needs and
B-To document how the project will be planned, executed,
monitored/controlled, and closed.
C-To link the project, which is going to be planned, executed, and
monitored/controlled to the ongoing work of the organization.
D-To describe the process of performing the work defined in the
project management plan in order to achieve the project’s
6-During a planning meeting, a discussion takes
place on which resource will be assigned to perform
an activity that will be fast-tracked. As the project
manager, you decide to assign Fred to the activity.
What type of organizational structure is this?
A. Functional organization
B. Projectized organization
C. Matrix organization
D. Balanced Matrix organization
7- Who should be responsible for defining
A- Project manager
C-Project management team
8- a difference between the requirements is
best resolved in favor for the:
A- project manager
9- which of the following is not example of a
A- Issuing monthly invoices
B- Implementation of a new Software Program
C-Design of a new department store
D- Construction of a bridge
10- in a projectized organization the project
A- reportes to many bosses
B- has no loyalty to project
C- reports to functional manager
D- has no loyalty to organization