What is Biodiversity?Biological diversity is the variety and variability among livingorganisms and the ecological complexes in which they occur.
Biodiversity is the totality of •Genetic diversity •Species diversity •Ecosystem diversity
•Genetic diversity refers to the variation of genes within species.This covers distinct populations of the same species(such as the thousands of traditional rice varieties in India) orgenetic variation within a populations
•Species diversity refers to the variety of species withinregion.
Ecosystem diversity consists of : the inhabiting species in all their variety and richness. Manydifferent species, gene-pool abundance, and unique populations arewhat most people think of when they hear the term "biodiversity".•Ecosystem structurerefers to the physical patterns of life forms •Ecosystem functions Ecological processes create landscapes and diverse environmental conditions out of life itself.
Rainforest are among the most biodiverse Ecosystem in the World Malaysia is one of the 12 world hotspots for Biodiversity
Why is biodiversity so important?We could call it our life support system.
What threatens biodiversity?Many human activities have a negative effect upon ourbiodiversity.Each time we change the natural environment we change theenvironment that biodiversity lives in.
LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY - Loss of Ecosyst em s - Coast al Er osion
YOU HAVE GOT SEVEN YEARS 2010 GLOBAL BIODIVERSITYCHALLENGE BEGINS THE RACE FOR LIFE Can we reverse the tide of environmental destruction in seven years? The global community thinks it can, and aims to achieve a significant reduction in the lossof biodiversity - the living world - by 2010. On World Biodiversity Day the Secretary General of the UN calls for everyone to make a pledge to generate momentum towards its preservation.
Action for Biodiversity Sustenance•Meeting the increasing demand for biological resourcescaused by population growth and increased consumption.•Increasing our capacity to document and understandbiodiversity, its value, and threats to it.•Building adequate expertise and experience inbiodiversity planning.•Improving policies, legislation, guidelines, and fiscalmeasures for regulating the use of biodiversity.•Adopting incentives to promote more sustainable formsof biodiversity use.
•Promoting trade rules and practices•Strengthening coordination within governments, and between governments and stakeholders.•Securing adequate financial resources•Making better use of technology.•Building political support Improving education andpublic awareness
The passage of the Earths biodiversitythrough the coming century will be its mostsevere test.With human population expected to risedramatically, particularly in developingcountries, and the consumer revolution set forexponential expansion - species andecosystems will face ever more seriousthreats. Unless we take action now,children born today will live in an impoverished world.
RESOURCES ARE LIMITEDSLOW DOWN RESOURCE USAGE AND CONTROL WASTAGE