Nationalism in Space and Place
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Nationalism in Space and Place



Kerry Ann Miquel

Kerry Ann Miquel
PointPoint #2 for MDSK-5253 EE#3



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Nationalism in Space and Place Nationalism in Space and Place Presentation Transcript

  • Nationalism Goes Global Nationalist sentiment andmovements are foundthroughout the world duringthe late 19th and early 20thcenturies People everywhere sought todefine their role in therapidly changing humansociety Though a commonphenomena, nationalistmovements vary greatlybased on where they arelocated
  • Continental Case #1 Africa In the beginning of the 20thcentury, Africa was stillprimarily controlled byEuropean Imperialistinterests Pan-Africanism is aninternational movementthat arose in the latter halfof the 19th century, and stillexists to this day Embraced by W.E.B DuBoisand Marcus Garvey in theUnited StatesPan-AfricanismSolidarity of peopleof African descentthroughout theworldRight to self-determinationRemoval ofimperialist powersfrom the Africancontinent
  • Continental Case #2: AsiaChina At the turn of the 20th century, the ruling Qing Dynasty was facing opposition fromnationalist factions who were upset with the dynasty’s Open Door Policy with theWest Boxer Rebellion 1899-1901: proto-nationalist movement that tried (and failed)to limit imperialism and the spread of Christianity Poverty and high taxes led to further unrest. Sun Yat-sen proposed the formation of a new Chinese Republic WuChang Uprising: 1911 revolution that ousted the Qing Dynasty Sun Yet-sen, in exile, was not involved in the uprising. Instead of a republic, the Hubei military government was established,but it would not last long. As the century continues, Chinese nationalism will become more prominent
  • Continental Case #2: AsiaJapan Unlike China, Japan embraced western ideas during this periodand began to modernize The Tokugawa Shogunate was removed from power by Samuraiwarriors Mutsuhito, the new Emperor, encouraged this through a periodcalled the Meiji Restoration Increased rights for women, increased industrialization, andexpanded territory However… Rapid industrialization established poor working conditions Japan established tense diplomatic ties with the United States
  • Continental Case #3:EuropeEuropean nationalistmovements began sooner thanin other parts of the world Recall from last unit Italian Unification German Unificationfollowing the Franco-Prussian War Imperialist RussiaBy the 20th century,nationalism in Europe hadtaken on new dynamics Middle class suffrage Working class rights Separatist groupsdispleased with beingruled by major powers(e.g. Serbia) Russian “anti-nationalism”
  • Regional Nationalism:The Middle EastIran/Persia 1905-1906: ConstitutionalRevolution Nationalists objected tothe opulence of the QajarDynasty Demanded a parliament,or Majlis, to represent thewill of the people First Majlis was short-lived, was disbanded ayear laterPalestine During the early 20thcentury there was increasedimmigration of Jewish menand women into Palestine This was the result of aninternational nationalistmovement, Zionism, whichcalled for a sovereignJewish state
  • Regional Nationalism:Latin AmericaCuba Nationalist sentiment wasat the heart of Cuba’s Warof Independence againstSpanish Imperial RuleMexico Following independencefrom Spain in the 1821,there was a concert effort toestablish a Mexican nationalidentity By the Mexican Revolutionin 1910,