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Nationalism in Context
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Nationalism in Context


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  • 1. {Nationalism and the20th CenturyKey Concepts and Background
  • 2. Essential Questions: Why does a groupdevelop a nationalidentity? What motivates peopleto action over nationalidentity?
  • 3.  1000 years of European history in threeminutes 6000 years of world history in two minutes Can you pinpoint when the 20th centurybegins?“The nationality of the peoples has not these dangers;it can only be founded by a common effort and acommon movement; sympathy and alliance will be itsresult.”- Giuseppe Mazzini, 1852
  • 4. Looking Back: Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolutionaltered the way that peoplelived their lives because itredefined the concepts ofspace and place. Railroads decreased traveltime, and expanded themarket for products. Social Changes: Cities expanded and a newindustrial middle classemerged. Poor conditions forworking class laborersgave rise to socialism The CommunistManifesto, Karl Marx1848
  • 5. Looking Back: Imperialism Imperialism changednational identity becauseit expanded European imperialistpowers saw theircolonies as part of theempire That was not an identityembraced by peoplefrom the colonies
  • 6. NationalismReligiousCulturalLinguisticNationalism:Three Categories
  • 7. Nationalism can bea unifying force… Patriotism: love ordevotion toward one’scountry Cultural Nationalism: apositive focus on nationalidentity Liberalism: promotingcivil liberties, propertyrights, self-determination, and thereduction of the state’spower over individuals Triumphal Nationalism:belief that one’s nationalidentity is superior toanother Fascism: politicalphilosophy that glorifiesthe state above theindividual… or a divisive one.
  • 8. Looking Forward… How did differentpolitical and socialmovements of this erachange society? How do nationalistmovements differbased on where theyoccur?
  • 9. {VOCABULARY GAME!!But now….
  • 10. Your Task: “Name that Ism”1. Meet with your designate partner.2. Take one stack each of green cards (terms) and yellow cards(definitions)3. Place the terms face up, and the definitions face down, onyour desks.4. Take turns choosing a random definition and reading themaloud. Select the best term to match the definition.5. Write the definition down in your notebook.6. We will review the correct answers as a class.7. The team with the most correct matches… wins!“Its not that I condone fascism, or any ism for that matter.Ism(s), in my opinion, are not good. A person should not believein an ism, he should believe in himself.” -Ferris Bueller
  • 11.  Answer the following before the end of classand turn in your responses as you leave:1. Nationalism is ________.2. In “Sunshine”, how did the meaning of beingHungarian change?3. Think of one question about the material thatyou would like answered in our next class.Exit Ticket