K    U     A    L     A             L     U   M    P     U    R           N       E       W        S          TSUNAMI     ...
K    U    A   L    A        L   U    M    P    U     R   N   E   W   S        BEFORE AND DURING A TSUNAMI                 ...
K   U   A   L   A    L    U   M   P   U   R   N   E   W   S          After a tsunami, Looking         for Signs & Emergenc...
B       I   B   L   I   O   G   R   A   P   H   YReferences:http://www.wikihow.com/Survive-a-Tsunamihttp://www.ses.vic.gov...
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Tsunami newsletter warning


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Tsunami newsletter warning

  1. 1. K U A L A L U M P U R N E W S TSUNAMI SAFETY Written by Kamilia Broderick What is a tsunami? Tsunamis are a series of ocean waves produced byThe word tsunami comes earthquakes/underwater landslides/volcanicfrom the Japanese word eruptions.meaning “Harbour Wave”Waves that are 100ft+ feet When an oceanic plate hits a continental platehigh can be very destructive. the plates press together, pressure builds;Tsunamis don’t happen very Eventually the heavier oceanic plate slips underoften, but when they do they the lighter continental one, and causes ancause many deaths and earthquake. The earthquake lifts part of theinjuries. ocean floor up and drops other parts down.Where dotsunamisoccur? Japan Tsunami 2011Tsunamis can occur in manyplaces, but four out of every fivetsunamis that happen occur in theregion called the ‘Pacific Ring ofFire’, where the destruction of The countries located along thetectonic plates by the process of Pacific Ring of Fire are:subduction results in frequent • Canada • Countries in SAearthquakes and volcaniceruptions. This region that rings • U.S • Mexicothe Pacific Ocean basis has some • New Zealand • Japanof the most active plate • Malaysia • Russiaboundaries in the world. If a major • Philippines • Papa Newearthquake happens here is it will • Indonesia Guineadefinitely be strong enough tocause a destructive tsunami. Page 1
  2. 2. K U A L A L U M P U R N E W S BEFORE AND DURING A TSUNAMI DISASTER Protecting your home & property If you live in an area in the world where a tsunami could happen, here are a few tips that you could use to help protect and prevent severe damage to your home & property. - Evaluate your home if it’s near the coast. - You should have a emergency kit ready - If you’re really concerned about a tsunami hitting you, you could even have your home inspected by a engineer to find out ways to divert water away from the structureWhat to do before/during a tsunami hits you?If you live in a coastal area that could be hit by an earthquake, especially near the Pacific Ocean, thechances of a tsunami hitting increase. Take these precautions immediately after an earthquake:- Turn on your radio or TV to see if there are any tsunami warnings.- Move away from the shoreline and evacuate to high-ground immediately.- If you’re at a beach and see a wave noticeably receding, do not just standthere and wander what it is, you must evacuate immediately and RUN in theopposite direction. Go to higher ground or inland immediately and warn everyone on the way byshouting clearly and loudly "Tsunami! Head for high ground!"- If you’re at home; Take only essential items that you can carry including important papers. Go to higher ground, at least ten metres above sea level, or if possible move at least one kilometer away from all beaches and the waters edge of harbours. Stay at high ground as tsunamis can last for 8 hours or longer.- If you can’t leave the area, take shelter in an upper story of a sturdy brick or concrete multi-story building- Tune in to your emergency broadcasters ; Local Radio, commercial radio or any community radio stations such as 88.9 Capital FM, 93.9 Real Life Real Time, or 89.9 Business FM Act quickly if you happen to be caught up in the water. If you did not manage to evacuate in time and yourself caught up in the tsunami for one reason or another, there a a few tips that you could try to survive: - Grab onto something that floats. Use a floating object as a raft to keep yourself above the water and grab on tightly. Items that float such as tree trunks, doors, fishing equipment etc. may be in the water with you. Tip: Do NOT try to surf a tsunami wave as the waves have a lot of energy and are very powerful.Page 2
  3. 3. K U A L A L U M P U R N E W S After a tsunami, Looking for Signs & Emergency Kits Can animals sense earthquakes and tsunamis? Just prior to an earthquake or the beginning of a tsunami, people from different parts around the world have witnessed strange behavior of animals. In Thailand, elephants were seen running away from the coastline just prior to the December 26, 2004 tsunami. Birds have stopped singing, cows have begun leaping and cats and dogs have sought refuge in the strangest of places. If you see this tsunami hazard zone sign, that means you are in an area of which a tsunami could occur/tsunami danger zone. What to do After Emergency Kit - Portable radio with spare - Mobile phone a Tsunami Occurs batteries - Strong boots or shoes - Torch with spare batteries - Medications - Help injured or trapped persons. Give first - First Aid kit - Food and specialaid where appropriate. Call for help. Do not - A copy of your emergency requirements for petsmove seriously injured persons unless they planare in immediate danger. - Bottled water- check that everyone is present and that no- - Enough non-perishable foodone is injured for three days- If it is safe to do so, check your house andproperty for signs of damage- If you have evacuated, stay away until authorities tell you it is safe to return home- Take care when traveling as roads may stillbe dangerous Page 3
  4. 4. B I B L I O G R A P H YReferences:http://www.wikihow.com/Survive-a-Tsunamihttp://www.ses.vic.gov.au/prepare/prepare-resources/home-emergency-plan-2011http://www.secretsofsurvival.com/survival/tsunami.htmlhttp://www.witchhazel.it/tsunami.htmhttp://www.conservation.ca.gov/cgs/geologic_hazards/Tsunami/Documents/TsunamiBrochure.pdf 4 Nullam arcu leo, facilisis ut