Eng 109 the rise of english


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Eng 109 the rise of english

  1. 1. The Rise of English Language
  2. 2. Nafis Kamal Reg. No.: 13116003 Tasrul Jahan Reg. No.: 13116005 Priyanka Barua Reg. No.: 1311609 Tasneem E Zannat Reg. No.: 13116004 B.A. (Hons) in English University of Asia Pacific We are …
  3. 3. The Battle of Hastings In 1066 at the Battle of Hastings, the Normans defeated the English and start a century-long conquest of England. And William (Duke of Normandy) crowns himself as the ruler of England.
  4. 4. Result of the Battle of Hastings English children became bilingual Materials written in English became very scarce Royalties and government officials began speaking French More people adapted French language.
  5. 5. The Loss of Normandy King John "lost" Normandy in 1204 . And The loss of Normandy in 1204 started the reestablishment of English.
  6. 6. The separation of the French and English Nobility With the loss of Normandy, many nobles had to decide where their allegiance lay . . . France or England. Philip, and later Louis, helped solve this problem: he confiscated the land of many nobles. Those who still had holdings in both places were forced to give up one or the other. By 1250 the holdings had been divided and there was no real reason for using French.
  7. 7. Promotion of National Feeling The favour of foreigners in the course of Henry III led to the reaction against foreigners and the national feeling is reflected of having the knowledge of English as an Englishman.
  8. 8. Provisions of Oxford Provisions of Oxford, (1258), in English history, a plan of reform accepted by Henry III, in return for the promise of financial aid from his barons. It can be regarded as England’s first written constitution. When English is used as a language of constitution, the importance of the English language is increased.
  9. 9. The 100 Years’ War The Hundred Years War (1337-1453). It was between England and France, and France defeated by England. And England no longer had any reasons to learn or use French.
  10. 10. The Black Death The first of these events was the Black Death (1348), one-third of the people in England died of the Black Death between 1348 and 1351. With the decreasing of the population, the need to labor was increased. The ruling classes were had to respect the lower classes because they needed them so much. This respect leaded them to respect English too.
  11. 11. Latin and French Teachers and Scholars  Hundreds of Latin and French teachers and scholars died during the Black Death plague. As a result faced a lack of academicians versed.
  12. 12. French as a Language of Culture and Fashion English was generally adopted in courts and schools in the 14th century and at the end of 15th century, French was out of use as a spoken language in England and was restricted as a language of Culture and Fashion.
  13. 13. English in the Law Courts Soon after the Norman Conquest, French was the language of all legal proceedings. But in 1356 proceedings in the courts of London and Middlesex were ordered to be in English. And in 1362 the Statute of Pleading was enacted in the Parliament, and was to go into effect in the following year. According to this statute all lawsuits were to be conducted in English in England.
  14. 14. The Rise of the Middle Class The Normans invaded England in 1066 and English became language of middle class people. But The Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) and the Black Death in 1349 caused the serious lack of labour and the rise of the middle class, among whom English was more commonly spoken, which increases the importance of English.
  15. 15. The Use of English in Writing The last step in the gradual ascent of the English language was its employment in writing. It was only in the fifteenth century that English succeeded in replacing both. The earliest letters written in English appeared in the latter part of the fourteenth century, although there were few before 1400. Eventually, after 1450 English letters were used everywhere. An example of Middle English by Chaucer.
  16. 16. The Status of English in the 14th Century The General Adoption of English, at the beginning of the fourteenth century everyone in England knew English. At that time, both the learned and unlearned understood English. And in 1362 the Parliament was opened with a speech in English for the first time. Such instances show that in the fourteenth century English was again the principal tongue of all England.
  17. 17. Middle English Literature The separation of the English nobility from France around the year 1250, and the spread of English among the upper class. Thus the hundred years between 1250 and 1350 is labeled the Period of Religious and Secular literature in English literature. The period from 1350 to 1400 is called the Period of Great Individual Writers.
  18. 18. References Baugh, C. Albert. Cable, Thomas. A History of English the Language, New Delhi, Replika Press Pvt. Ltd. 2009. Drout, D.C. A History of English the Language. London. Hodder Education.2005. Provisions of Oxford. Encyclopedia Britannica. 2010 ed. “English and Its Historical Development”. English-Word Information. 15 November 2013.31 January 2014. http://wordinfo.info/unit/4208/ip:5/il:E Giddens, Anathony . Sociology, Malden, Polity Pres. 2006.845-858