Latest trends and techniques of insect-pest   management in commercial vegetable                 production               ...
INTRODUCTION   Vegetable provide nutritional security in addition to food    security.   They supply carbohydrate, prote...
Yield loss in some vegetables caused by major insect-pestsCrop      Pest common name              Pest Scientific name    ...
Why pest problems in vegetable cultivation ?MonocultureOverlapping of cropsDense croppingAvailability of preferred hos...
Technique of Pest ManagementCultural methods1. Plant diversity2. Mulching  i. Polythene mulching  ii. Straw mulching
Plant diversity Intra-field diversity Trap crop attracts insect Intercrop Insecticides are seldom required It enhance...
Successful examples of trap crop in vegetable cropsMain crop        Trap crop        Method of planting      Pest (s) cont...
Effect of intercropping on population of fruit borer in                     tomato crop                           1.6 Larv...
Effect of intercropping brinjal on the incidence of L. orbonalisTreatments                 Shoot damage   Fruit damage per...
Effect of split burying of two rows of crucifer cultivars in soil                 on fruit damage by H. armigera          ...
Mulching Increase the soil temperature Reduce inter movement of insect Suppress the alternate host.
Mean population of Tetranychus urticae/2 cm2 leaf area of brinjal hybrid BH-2 in           different cultural treatments u...
Straw mulch Straw treated plots have  lower T. tabaci (Adult and  larval) population      as  compared to control. Emerg...
Mechanical methods1. Trellis system2. Protected cultivation3. Traps4. Lure and kill
Trellis system More light penetration Pest monitoring becomes too easy Less pest and disease problems Comparatively le...
Effect of trellis system on fruit yield and borer infestation in                          bitter gourdTreatment       Popu...
Protected cultivation technology Insect-pests cause direct and indirect damage Polyhouse and nethouse act as physical ba...
Effect of insect pest incidence on high value vegetable      under open field and polyhouse conditionsCrop                ...
Trapping Monitoring: Insect trap catches indicate adult pest activity. Economic thresholds are based on trap catch numbe...
Yellow sticky trap Yellow traps, trapped higher number of adults leafminer  (1879.1) and whiteflies (544.5). Black color...
Flower Model trap (FMT)•   Flower model trap (FMT) made from artificial yellow chrysanthemum flower    coated with sticky ...
Lure and kill (Bait technique) Cucurbits are vines and creepers They provide hiding place to Insect-pest Fruit fly lays...
Efficacy of eco-friendly insecticides and bait spray on the         bottle gourd fruit damage by B. cucurbitaeTreatment   ...
Host plant resistance The most cheapest and safest techniques, if available  naturally Bases of resistance    Biophysic...
Resistance of okra varieties against A. biguttula biguttula in                        kangra valleyVariety               M...
Resistance genotypesCrop        Place                Resistant genotype                 Target         Reference          ...
Biorational control1. Biological2. Botanical3. Insect growth regulator (IGR)4. Plant incorporated protectant (PIPs)
Why biorational ?Control insect at lower dosesHigh level of selectivityLower the residual toxicity Non-harmful to bene...
Biological control Utilization of predator, parasitoid and pathogens Biological control approaches.   – Conservation   –...
Conservation Preserving the natural enemies already existing Use of pest control tactics which are compatible to natural...
Natural enemiesLady bird beetle                Green lace wing Aphidius sp                          Syrphid larvae
Natural enemies of L. orbonalisTrathala flavoorbitalis       Goryphus nursei
Predators attacking WhitefliesGeocoris spp.                Chrysoperla larvae                Orius spp.
Entomopathogenic Bacteria The most widely known microbial is bacterial  species, Bacillus thuringiensis. A naturally occ...
Efficacy of DOR-Bt 5 against L. orbonalis on brinjalTreatmants                Fruit damage (%)   Yield loss (%)       Yiel...
Entomopathogenic Fungus Beauveria bassiana: Small insect (such as  aphids, whiteflies and thrips) Nomuraea rileyi: Scale...
Efficacy of Paecilomyces fumosoroseus against Spider mite,                       T. urticae on okraTreatment       Conc.  ...
Entomopathogenic virusesInclusion viruses (IVs): Granulosis viruses (GVs)and Polyhedrosis viruses (PVs)  Nuclear polyhed...
Efficacy of HaNPV against H. armigera in tomato Different doses of HaNPV (100, 150, 200 & 250 LE/ha) and endosulfan   (0....
Entomopathogenic Nematodes Nematodes enter host through natural opening. It reduces fitness, delays development and also...
Botanical control   Plants   defend    themselves       through   chemical    or    phytochemicals.   It includes alkalo...
Effect of different treatments on larval population of                      H. armigera on tomatoTreatment         Pre    ...
Effect of different plant products against B. cucurbitae on                          cucumber     Field efficacy of plant...
Effect of organic products on onion thrips population in onion bulb cropTreatment                                         ...
Insect growth regulator (IGR) Chemical based on insect cuticle (Novaluron, Buprofezin) Chemical based on endocrine syste...
New registered eco-friendly insecticide in IndiaCommon Name          Formulation                   Dosage/ ha             ...
Contd.. Common         Formulation                     Dosage/ ha                       Target insect  Name               ...
Contd..Common Name    Formulation                Dosage/ ha                                   Target insect               ...
Effect of different treatments on mean larval population of                           P. xylostellaTreatment      Pretreat...
Efficacy of biorational against L. orbonalis• The studies revealed that indoxacarb 14.5% SC to be  the most effective trea...
Efficacy of different insecticidesInsecticide     Dose and          Crop         Target        Refernce               form...
Plant incorporated protectants (PIPs)• Modification in living organism for specific purpose• Bacterial   derived    genes:...
Integrated pest management for L. orbonalis Selection of oblong/ small cluster bearing varieties/ hybrids. Nursery bed s...
Integrated pest management for B. cucurbitae• Deep summer ploughing should be done to expose the dormant pupae   in the fi...
Conclusion Cultural practices are basic but eco-friendly way to minimize the  insect-pest population. Traps can be used ...
Future Prospective More precise research should be focus on plant incorporated  protectants foods. Evaluation of local n...
Insect pest management in vegetable crops
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Insect pest management in vegetable crops

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  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the QuickAccessToolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the QuickAccessToolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:Click Italic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate. Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:Click Italic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate. Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Insect pest management in vegetable crops

    1. 1. Latest trends and techniques of insect-pest management in commercial vegetable production Kamaldeep Singh Matharu Department of Entomology HPAU, Palampur
    2. 2. INTRODUCTION Vegetable provide nutritional security in addition to food security. They supply carbohydrate, proteins, vitamins and minerals. They constitute the major part of the diet of the Indians. In 2010, vegetables grown on 79.8 million hectare, with production of 133.7 million tonnes. Anonymous (2011)
    3. 3. Yield loss in some vegetables caused by major insect-pestsCrop Pest common name Pest Scientific name Per cent Reference damageCabbage Diamondback moth Plutella xylostella (L.) 52 Raja et al. (1999)Onion Onion thrips Thrips tabaci Linderman ˃50 More (1977)Brinjal Brinjal fruit and shoot Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee 20.7-60 Gangwar and borer Sachan (1981)Okra Shoot and fruit borer Earias vittella (Fabricius) 63.53 Chaudhary and Dadheech (1989) Jassid Amrasca biguttula biguttula 32.06-40.84 Singh and Brar (Ishida) (1994)Tomato Tomato fruit borer Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) 30-57.79 Dhandapani et al. (2003)Bitter Fruit fly Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillet 100 Srivastava andgourd Butani (1998)
    4. 4. Why pest problems in vegetable cultivation ?MonocultureOverlapping of cropsDense croppingAvailability of preferred hostExcessive use of fertilizersIndiscriminate use of pesticide
    5. 5. Technique of Pest ManagementCultural methods1. Plant diversity2. Mulching i. Polythene mulching ii. Straw mulching
    6. 6. Plant diversity Intra-field diversity Trap crop attracts insect Intercrop Insecticides are seldom required It enhances natural control Suitable for IPM programme
    7. 7. Successful examples of trap crop in vegetable cropsMain crop Trap crop Method of planting Pest (s) controlledCabbage Collards Border crop Diamondback MothTomato lovage Row intercrop Tomato hornwormCarrot Onion and garlic Border crop Thrips and Carrot root flyGarlic marigold Border crop ThripsCabbage Indian mustard Strip intercrop in Cabbage head between cabbage plots caterpillarPotato Tansy Intercrop Colorado potato beetle
    8. 8. Effect of intercropping on population of fruit borer in tomato crop 1.6 Larval population/plant 1.4 1.26 1.51 1.09 1.2 1.39 1.38 0.94 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 Tomato Tomato Tomato Tomato Tomato Tomato + + + + + + Coriander Fenugreek Barley Carrot Mustard Dill Crop combination Dehradun Ram and Singh, 2010
    9. 9. Effect of intercropping brinjal on the incidence of L. orbonalisTreatments Shoot damage Fruit damage per Marketable per cent cent yield (t/ha)Brinjal+ Roselle 16.4 29.0 23.4Brinjal+Sowa 17.2 31.9 22.1Brinjal+ Marigold 23.6 36.9 18.5Brinjal+Maize 30.4 38.5 17.2Brinjal (Sole protected) 8.7 22.3 27.3Brinjal (Sole Control) 46.9 64.2 14.6CD (P=0.05) 5.2 3.8 3.2 Port Blair Prasad et al. 2007
    10. 10. Effect of split burying of two rows of crucifer cultivars in soil on fruit damage by H. armigera Mean fruit damage (%) in tomato grown adjacent to crucifer cultivars Days after Control Mean burying Brassica Eruca B. Napa B. Napa juncea var. sativa var. var. GSL-1 var. PGSH- PBR-91 TMLC-2 51 62 14.28 (22.01) 14.01 (21.89) 8.83 (16.44) 11.90 (19.38) 25.02 (29.96) 14.81 (21.94) 69 4.58 (11.62) 3.77 (10.63) 3.38 (10.33) 4.95 (10.52) 16.34 (24.11) 6.69 (13.42) 76 3.31 (10.46) 2.36 (7.22) 4.12 (11.58) 5.70 (13.09) 12.98 (21.05) 5.69 (12.68) 83 10.85 (19.22) 8.29 (16.34) 2.5 (7.34) 6.83 (15.03) 17.13 (24.43) 9.12 (16.47) Mean 8.26 (18.83) 7.11 (14.02) 4.71 (11.40) 7.34 (14.51) 17.87 (24.89) Pandher et al. 2008CD (P=0.05) Days after burying = 3.32 Cultivars = 3.71 Ludhiana
    11. 11. Mulching Increase the soil temperature Reduce inter movement of insect Suppress the alternate host.
    12. 12. Mean population of Tetranychus urticae/2 cm2 leaf area of brinjal hybrid BH-2 in different cultural treatments under nethouse conditionsCultural control Mean mite population/ 2cm2 leaf area of brinjal under different growing systems Training Without training MeanWhite polythene mulching 5.27 (29.03) 6.86 (46.96) 6.17 (38.00)Black polythene mulching 5.25 (26.86) 6.14 (37.00) 5.70 (31.93)Low tunnel white polythene 5.59 (30.43) 7.18 (51.86) 6.38 (41.15)mulchingControl 6.43 (42.13) 7.68 (58.53) 7.06 (50.33)Mean 5.69 (32,11) 6.97 (48.59) -C.D (P=0.05) 0.27 Ludhiana Bhullar and Dhatt 2011
    13. 13. Straw mulch Straw treated plots have lower T. tabaci (Adult and larval) population as compared to control. Emergence of T. tabaci reduced 54 per cent as compared to bare soil. New York Larentzaki et al. 2008
    14. 14. Mechanical methods1. Trellis system2. Protected cultivation3. Traps4. Lure and kill
    15. 15. Trellis system More light penetration Pest monitoring becomes too easy Less pest and disease problems Comparatively less health hazards.
    16. 16. Effect of trellis system on fruit yield and borer infestation in bitter gourdTreatment Population of Percent loss Percent loss Fruit yieldspecification Diaphania in fruit weight in fruit (q/ha) indica/fruit (g/fruit) numberSingle line 0.86 13.70 14.70 225.78Double line 1.14 17.60 19.40 206.50Bower system 1.37 25.50 31.10 197.12CD (P=0.05) 0.10 2.10 2.10 12.40 Bhubaneswar Singh et al. 2007
    17. 17. Protected cultivation technology Insect-pests cause direct and indirect damage Polyhouse and nethouse act as physical barrier Incidence of insect-pest less in protected cultivation Superior quality of produce.
    18. 18. Effect of insect pest incidence on high value vegetable under open field and polyhouse conditionsCrop Open field condition Polyhouse condition Name of No. of Total No. Marketabl Net No. of Total No. Marketabl Net insect- insect- of e yield income insect- of e yield income pest pest/ plant insecticide (kg/plant) (Rs/ plant) pest/ plant insecticide (kg/plant) (Rs/ sprayed sprayed plant)Tomato Whitefly 20.25 8 1.55 4.75 0.66 3 3.75 15.75 Aphid 25.60 0.83 Beetle 17.40 0.33 Mealybug 15.50 0.00 Fruit borer 5.60 0.00 Awani (2005)
    19. 19. Trapping Monitoring: Insect trap catches indicate adult pest activity. Economic thresholds are based on trap catch numbers• Light trap• Pheromones trap• Sticky trap
    20. 20. Yellow sticky trap Yellow traps, trapped higher number of adults leafminer (1879.1) and whiteflies (544.5). Black color trap, trapped lesser number of adults leafminer (14.0) and whiteflies (2.6). One trap per 20m2 for mass trapping of whitefly. Durairaj et al. 2007
    21. 21. Flower Model trap (FMT)• Flower model trap (FMT) made from artificial yellow chrysanthemum flower coated with sticky material.• It attracts higher number (1.8 times more) of greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood as compared to the conventional yellow sticky trap.• The color exhibited by the petals and/or geometrical pattern of the flower models might have tempted the whitefly to land on them.• Installation of 80 FMTs in a 500 m2 commercial tomato greenhouse significantly reduced the adult population of T. vaporariorum.• Shooty mold infestation was also reduced by 85 per cent on the greenhouse fruits. South Korea Mainali and Lim (2008)
    22. 22. Lure and kill (Bait technique) Cucurbits are vines and creepers They provide hiding place to Insect-pest Fruit fly lays eggs in fruit tissue Control directed toward adult flies (Palam fruit fly trap) Eg: Cue-lure, methyl eugenol, molasses etc
    23. 23. Efficacy of eco-friendly insecticides and bait spray on the bottle gourd fruit damage by B. cucurbitaeTreatment First spray Second spray Third spray Fruit damage averageT1 NSKE 5% Malathion 50gm +500g Cypermethrin 7.50 (8.24) molasses +50 liter of water (0.006%)T2 Nimbecidine Malathion 50gm +500g Malathion 13.37 (13.04) (2ml/l water) molasses +50 liter of waterT3 Neem gold Malathion 50gm +500g Diazinon 16.53 (17.19) (2ml/ l water) molasses +50 liter of waterT4 Achook (2ml/l Malathion 50gm +500g Malathion 15.00 (15.72) water) molasses +50 liter of waterT5 Cypermethrin Cypermethrin (0.006%) Cypermethrin 9.22 (10.09) (0.006 %) (0.006%)T6 Control Control Control 24.49 (28.57)CD 7.26(P=0.05) Varanasi Nath et al. 2007
    24. 24. Host plant resistance The most cheapest and safest techniques, if available naturally Bases of resistance  Biophysical (thickening of cell wall, trichomes, surface waxes etc)  Biochemical (Nutrient, Allelochemicals )
    25. 25. Resistance of okra varieties against A. biguttula biguttula in kangra valleyVariety Mean nymphs/3 leaves Mean nymphs/3 leaves (Palampur) (Kachhiari)Arka Anamica 9.75 (3.27) 13.19 (3.72)Harbhajan 14.22 (3.88) 16.75 (4.19)P-8 14.48 (3.91) 16.87 (4.21)Panchaali 11.09 (3.56) 13.45 (3.76)Parbhani Kranti 10.91 (3.44) 13.73 (3.80)Pusa Makhmali 15.25 (4.02) 20.08 (4.57)Shagun 18.25 (4.37) 20.32 (4.59)Tulsi 6.40 (2.70) 8.64 (3.05)Varsha Uphar 6.64 (2.75) 10.72 (3.39)Pusa Sawani 21.03 (4.69) 23.77 (4.95)CD (P=0.05) 0.23 0.18 Badiyala et al. 2010
    26. 26. Resistance genotypesCrop Place Resistant genotype Target Reference insectBrinjal Palampur Moderately Resistant: ASRB 2, BB 60C, L. orbonalis Patial et al. H8, Ornamental brinjal, Solanum 2008 integrifolium, S.uporo Resistant: Local brinjal, Ornamental L. orbonalis Patial et al. brinjal, Solanum integrifolium, S.uporo 2008 and BB 46-13.Okra Palampur Tulsi (6.40), Varsha Uphar (6.64) A. biguttula Badiyala et al. biguttula 2010Tomato Faisalabad Resistance: Sahil, Pakit and Nova Mecb H. armigera Sajjad et al. 2011
    27. 27. Biorational control1. Biological2. Botanical3. Insect growth regulator (IGR)4. Plant incorporated protectant (PIPs)
    28. 28. Why biorational ?Control insect at lower dosesHigh level of selectivityLower the residual toxicity Non-harmful to beneficial insectReduce the health hazards Environmentally safe
    29. 29. Biological control Utilization of predator, parasitoid and pathogens Biological control approaches. – Conservation – Release Pathogens (Bacteria, fungi, virus, nematode, protozoa)
    30. 30. Conservation Preserving the natural enemies already existing Use of pest control tactics which are compatible to natural enemies e.g., planting refuge crops (ideal for maintenance of natural enemies etc.) Avoiding pest control tactics which are harmful to natural enemies e.g., Broad spectrum pesticides Use of selective insecticides Insect pathogens Insect growth regulators
    31. 31. Natural enemiesLady bird beetle Green lace wing Aphidius sp Syrphid larvae
    32. 32. Natural enemies of L. orbonalisTrathala flavoorbitalis Goryphus nursei
    33. 33. Predators attacking WhitefliesGeocoris spp. Chrysoperla larvae Orius spp.
    34. 34. Entomopathogenic Bacteria The most widely known microbial is bacterial species, Bacillus thuringiensis. A naturally occurring soil bacterium. 1911, discovered as a pathogen of flour moth. Bt is somewhat slow acting because it has to be ingested so that the toxic proteins can break down the wall of the insect’s midgut and cause septicemia.
    35. 35. Efficacy of DOR-Bt 5 against L. orbonalis on brinjalTreatmants Fruit damage (%) Yield loss (%) Yield (t/ha)DOR-Bt 5 (2.0 kg/ha) 28.45 (31.86) 22.58 (27.79) 24.09DOR-Bt 5 (1.5kg/ha) 32.28 (34.62) 24.54 (29.16) 22.91DOR-Bt 5 (1.0 kg/ha) 37.42 (37.42) 29.70 (32.35) 16.70Hostathion (1250 ml/ha) 27.08 (30.93) 20.45 (26.37) 25.49Control 41.91 (40.10) 44.22 (41.22) 15.74CD (P=0.05) 3.27 2.42 1.08 Ludhiana Joshi et al. 2010
    36. 36. Entomopathogenic Fungus Beauveria bassiana: Small insect (such as aphids, whiteflies and thrips) Nomuraea rileyi: Scale insects (Fruit borer and leaf eating caterpillar) Metarhizium anisopliae: Beetles and Grasshoppers
    37. 37. Efficacy of Paecilomyces fumosoroseus against Spider mite, T. urticae on okraTreatment Conc. Mean mortality (%) of T. uticae after days of treatment 1 3 5 7 9P. 0.475 31 .67 ( 65.00 (53.73) 81.67 (64.60) 91.67 (73.15) 100.00 34.20) (90.00)fumosoroseus(WP) 0.375 30.00 (33.21) 51.67 (45.92) 70.00 (56.79) 81.67 (64.60) 96.67 (79.37) 0.275 20.00 41.67(40.22) 61.67 (51.71) 71.67 (57.80) 90.00 (71.56)P. 0.10 21.67 (27.69) 55.00(47.87) 70.00 (56.79) 80.00 (63.44) 90.00 (71.56)fumosoroseus(EC) 0.80 15.00 (22.79) 43.33 (41.15) 56.67 (48.79) 68.33 (55.73) 86.67 (68.53) 0.60 6.67 (14.89) 33.33 (35.24) 48.33 (44.03) 55.00 (47.87) 73.33 (58.89)SE 8.215 9.151 6.919 6.661 7.454CD (P=0.05) 17.901 19.937 15.075 14.514 16.241 Varanasi Kumar et al. 2010
    38. 38. Entomopathogenic virusesInclusion viruses (IVs): Granulosis viruses (GVs)and Polyhedrosis viruses (PVs) Nuclear polyhedrosis viruses (NPVs)-SlNPV Cytoplasmic polyhedrosis viruses (CPVs)
    39. 39. Efficacy of HaNPV against H. armigera in tomato Different doses of HaNPV (100, 150, 200 & 250 LE/ha) and endosulfan (0.07 & 0.035%) were applied as spray. The spraying was done three times at an interval of 15 days starting from pest occurrence. After 4 days of third spray, HaNPV 250 LE/ha caused maximum mortality (98%) followed by endosulfan 0.07% and HaNPV 200 LE having 96 and 95% mortality, respectively. However, after 7 days of spray, three dosages of HaNPV (i.e. 150, 200 & 250 LE/ha) and endosulfan 0.07% gave 98, 99, 99 and 98% mortality. Meerut Mehraj et al. 2010
    40. 40. Entomopathogenic Nematodes Nematodes enter host through natural opening. It reduces fitness, delays development and also causes sterility. Kill insects in 1-4 days. Common species commercially available are Steinernema carpocapsae, S.feltiae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora.
    41. 41. Botanical control Plants defend themselves through chemical or phytochemicals. It includes alkaloids, terpenoids, phenolics etc. Repel approaching insects, deter feeding and oviposition on the plants, disrupt behaviour and physiology of insect.
    42. 42. Effect of different treatments on larval population of H. armigera on tomatoTreatment Pre Larval population/10 plants (mean of three replication) Overall treatment mean First spray Second spray 3DAT 7DAT 10DAT 3DAT 7DAT 10DATNeem oil 3% 9.66 (3.18) 5.33 6.35 7.66 5.66 6.66 5.66 6.22 (2.41) (2.61) (2.85) (2.48) (2.67) (2.48) (2.59)Neem oil 5% 12.00 4.00 5.33 6.00 3.33 6.35 5.33 5.05 (3.53) (2.11) (2.41) (2.54) (2.04) (2.61) (2.40) (2.36)Neem kernal 13.00 6.00 8.33 11.00 6.66 8.35 6.66 7.83powder WP (3.67) (2.54) (2.97) (3.38) (2.67) (2.97) (2.67) (2.88)2.5%Neem kernal 13.35 4.33 5.33 6.66 3.66 5.00 5.66 5.11powder WP (3.71) (2.19) (2.41) (2.67) (2.11) (2.33) (2.48) (2.37)5%Endosulfan 9.33 (3.13) 3.35 5.00 6.66 4.00 6.66 5.33 5.1635 EC 0.07 % (1.95) (2.33) (2.67) (1.95) (2.67) (2.41) (2.35)CD (P=0.05) NS 0.39 0.24 0.27 0.26 0.59 0.30 0.12 Khandwa Barde et al. 2009
    43. 43. Effect of different plant products against B. cucurbitae on cucumber  Field efficacy of plant products viz., neem seed kernal (NSKE), rhizome of Acorus calamus, seed of Annona squamosa and Endosulfan as control were evaluated on cucumber.  Reduction in fruit damage in the range of 68.63%, 64.82%, 63.72% and 77.14% in treatment with NSKE, A. squamosa, A. calamus and Endosulfan respectively. (Mondal and Ghatak, 2009)
    44. 44. Effect of organic products on onion thrips population in onion bulb cropTreatment Average thrips Bulb yield (q/ha) population(T1 ) Farm yard manure 20t/ha 3.82 (2.01) 181.94(T2 ) FYM 20t/ha+ neem cake@ 250kg/ha 3.61 (1.94) 194.44(T3 ) FYM 20t/ha+ neem cake @ 500kg/ha 3.36 (1.87) 191.66(T4 ) Recommended dose of NPK+ azadiractin (2ml/l) at 3.39 (1.88) 201.3310 days interval when pest appear(T5) Recommended dose of fertilizers+ fipronil (1ml/l) at 2.45 (1.62) 208.3310 days interval when pest appearUntreated control 6.09 (2.46) 159.72Mean 3.68 (1.96)CD (P=0.05) 0.13 Nauni Verma, 2010
    45. 45. Insect growth regulator (IGR) Chemical based on insect cuticle (Novaluron, Buprofezin) Chemical based on endocrine system (Pyriproxyfen, Fenoxycarb) Microorganism derived (Sipnosad, Emabectin benzoate)
    46. 46. New registered eco-friendly insecticide in IndiaCommon Name Formulation Dosage/ ha Target insect a.i. (gm) Formulation Dilution in water (gm/ml) (liter)Buprofezin 25% SC 75-150 300-600 500-750 Yellow Mite (Chilli)Chlorantranilprole 18.5 % SC 10 50 500 DBM (Cabbage)Difenthiuron 50% WP 300 600 500-750 DBM (Cabbage) Mite (Chilli) Whitefly (Brinjal)Emamectin 5% EC 15-30 300-600 300-500 Fruit and Shoot borer (Okra)benzoate DBM (Cabbage) Fruit borer, Thrips and Mite (Chilli) Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (Brinjal)Fenazaquin 10% EC 125 1250 400-600 Yellow Mite (Chilli)Fenopyroximate 5% EC 15-30 300-600 300-500 Yellow Mite (Chilli)Fipronil 5% EC 40-50 800-1000 500 DBM Thrips, Aphid, Fruit borerFlufenoxuron 10% DC 40 400 500-1000 DBM
    47. 47. Contd.. Common Formulation Dosage/ ha Target insect Name a.i. (gm) Formulation Dilution in (gm/ml) water (liter)Flumite 20% SC 80-100 400-500 500-1000 Mite (Brinjal)Hexythiazox 5.45% EC 15-25 300-500 625 Yellow Mite (Chilli)Imidacloprid 70% WG 21-24.5 30-35 375-500 Jassid, Aphid (Okra) Thrips, Jassid, Aphid (Chilli)Imidacloprid 48% FS 300-540 (per 500-900 - Jassid, Aphid (Okra) 100 Kg of seed)Indoxacarb 14.5% SC 30-75 200-500 400-750 DBM Fruit borer (Tomato) Fruit borer (Chilli)Lufenuron 5.4% DC 30 600 500 DBM (Cauliflower)Metaflumizone 22% SC 165-220 150-1000 500 DBM (Cabbage)
    48. 48. Contd..Common Name Formulation Dosage/ ha Target insect a.i. (gm) Formulation Dilution in water (gm/ml) (liter)Milibectin 1% EC 3.25 325 500 Yellow/White Mite (Chilli)Novaluron 10% EC 33.5- 75 750-375 500-1000 DBM Fruit borer (Chilli and Tomato) Tobacco caterpillar (Chilli)Pyridalyl 10% EC 50-75 500-750 500-750 Fruit and shoot borer (Okra) DBM (Cabbage)Spinosad 45% EC 73 160 500 Fruit borer and Thrip (Chilli)Spiromesifen 22.9% SC 96 400 500 DBM (cabbage and Cauliflower)Thiacloprid 21.7% SC 54-72 225-300 500 Red mite (Brinjal) Yellow Mite (Chilli)Thiamethoxam 25% WG 25 100 500-1000 Thrips (Chilli)Thiamethoxam 70% WS 200 286 - Whitefly (Brinjal, Okra & Tomato) Aphid (Potato & Okra)
    49. 49. Effect of different treatments on mean larval population of P. xylostellaTreatment Pretreatment 3 DAS 7 DAS 10 DAS Percentdose/ha reduction over controlSpinosad @ 3.47 2.20 (1.79) 0.53 (1.24) 0.60 (1.26) 87.15600 mlProclaim @ 3.53 2.00 (1.73) 0.67 (1.29) 1.07 (1.43) 77.08170 gKN 128@ 3.73 2.60 (1.90) 0.73 (1.32) 0.93 (1.39) 80.08333ml(indoxacarb)Thiodan @ 4.33 3.47 (2.11) 3.20 (2.05) 3.40 (2.10) 27.191000 mlPadan @ 3.73 3.33 (2.08) 2.00 (1.73) 2.27 (1.80) 51.39500gControl 4.07 4.27 (2.29) 4.47 (2.33) 4.67 (2.38) -CD (P=0.05) NS 0.16 0.16 0.18 Ludhiana Gill et al. 2008
    50. 50. Efficacy of biorational against L. orbonalis• The studies revealed that indoxacarb 14.5% SC to be the most effective treatment against the pest and it was at par with spinosad, emamectin benzoate, diafenthiuron and Halt during both the years.• Higher fruit yield recoded from indoxacarb treated plots i.e. 232.51 q/ha and per cent increase over control (57.94%). Singh (2010)
    51. 51. Efficacy of different insecticidesInsecticide Dose and Crop Target Refernce formulation insectAcetamiprid 40 g a.i./ha Okra B. tabaci Reddy et al. (2007)Emamectin 15 g a.i./ha Bitter gourd B. cucurbitae Sharma andbenzoate Sinha (2009)Spinosad 56 g a.i./ha Okra H. armigera Ghosh et al. (2011)
    52. 52. Plant incorporated protectants (PIPs)• Modification in living organism for specific purpose• Bacterial derived genes: Cry1Ac, Bacillus thuringiensis• Plant derived genes: serine protease inhibitors, lectins, alpha amylase inhibitors etc.• Gene express in time and space
    53. 53. Integrated pest management for L. orbonalis Selection of oblong/ small cluster bearing varieties/ hybrids. Nursery bed should be protected with muslin cloth to avoid the initial attack of insect. Spray the seedling with any systemic insecticide at the day of transplanting in the nursery bed. Install plastic funnel trap baited with sex pheromone of brinjal shoot and fruit borer@100/ha at the spacing of 10mx10m at 15-20 days after transplanting. The pheromone septa should be changed at 30 days interval. Clipping and destruction of infested shoots along with larval at weekly interval. Sanitation through removal of damaged fruit Need based foliar spray of NSKE (4%). www.iivr.org.in
    54. 54. Integrated pest management for B. cucurbitae• Deep summer ploughing should be done to expose the dormant pupae in the field.• Follow crop rotation incorporating non-cucurbiticious crops.• Install mineral water trap, baited with cue-lure saturated (ethanol: cuelure:cararyl=8:1:2) wood blocks@25 traps/ha prior to flower initiation.• Initiate molassess (10%) based bait spray along with carbaryl (2%) in selected plants in 250 spots/ha. This operation should be repeated at 4 days interval during the fruiting period.• Sanitation should be maintained in the field through removal and destruction of infested fruits immediately after initial infestation. www.iivr.org.in
    55. 55. Conclusion Cultural practices are basic but eco-friendly way to minimize the insect-pest population. Traps can be used for monitoring and suppression of pest population. Use the biological control agents with the emergence of pest. Insect resistance varieties should be used along with refuge crop. Various biorational pesticides which are selective and eco- friendly are available to control pests. IPM is the best technique for management of Insect-pest.
    56. 56. Future Prospective More precise research should be focus on plant incorporated protectants foods. Evaluation of local natural resources for pest management. Conservation and augmentation of natural enemy. Need more scientific research work to exploit the biorational insecticides. Innovations in farmers participation and training to utilize the developed techniques.
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