35301318 introduction-to-mis

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Basic information about MIS

Basic information about MIS

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  • 1. Introduction to MIS BUSI 100 Jerry Post
  • 2. Outline
    • What is MIS?
    • Why MIS is Important?
    • What are e-commerce and e-business?
    • What do Managers do?
    • Business & Technology Trends
    • Re-engineering: Altering the Rules
    • Management and Decision Levels
    • An Introduction to Strategy
    • Cases: Fast Food Industry
    • Appendix: Finding Information
  • 3. What is MIS?
    • Information
      • Data that has been put into a meaningful and useful context.
    • Management Information System
      • A combination of computers and people that is used to provide information to aid in making decisions and managing a firm.
    • Information Technology (IT)
  • 4. Goal of This Class
    • How can MIS help you do your job?
    • Understand the technology.
    • Analyze business problems.
    • An introduction to systems analysis.
    • Identify types of problems that MIS can help solve through cases.
    • Ability to classify problems.
    • Know when to call for help.
  • 5. Why is MIS Important?
    • MIS affects all areas of business
      • Manufacturing
      • Accounting & Finance
      • Human resources
      • Marketing
    • Performance evaluations—expectations
  • 6. What are e-Commerce and e-Business
    • Business-to-Consumer (B2C)
      • Selling retail products to consumers
    • Business-to-Business (B2B)
      • Selling at the wholesale level to other businesses
    • E-Business
      • Using Internet technologies to conduct any level of business
      • E-Commerce
      • Intranets
      • Most areas of MIS
  • 7. What do Managers do?
    • Traditional
      • Organizing
      • Planning
      • Control
    • Mintzberg
      • Interpersonal
      • Informational
      • Decisional
    • Luthans
      • Traditional 50%
      • Formal Communication 30%
      • Networking 20%
  • 8. Meetings Managers and professionals spend considerable time in meetings. Providing support for teamwork and group decisions is an important issues in MIS.
  • 9. Making Decisions
    • Methodology v Ad Hoc Decisions
    • Decision Process
      • Collect Data
      • Identify Problems & Opportunities
      • Make Choices
    1 2 3
  • 10. Importance of MISEveryone Uses ComputersTraditional Management Computerworld 1993* *1997-2000 data is distorted by Y2k work.
  • 11. Decentralization Management Team CEO Finance Team Marketing Team Accounting Team HRM Team Sales Team Franchise Strategy Methodology/Rules Customers VP Fin VP Mrkt VP Acct VP HRM VP MIS Corporate Database & Network
  • 12. Business Trends
    • Changing business environment
      • Specialization
      • Management by Methodology and Franchises
      • Mergers
      • Decentralization and Small Business
      • Temporary Workers
      • Internationalization
      • Service-Oriented Business
      • Re-engineering
    • Need for faster responses and flexibility
  • 13. Business Trends & Implications
    • Specialization
      • Increased demand for technical skills
      • Specialized MIS tools
      • Increased communication
    • Methodology & Franchises
      • Reduction of middle management
      • Increased data sharing
      • Increased analysis by top management
      • Computer support for rules
      • Re-engineering
    • Mergers
      • Larger companies
      • Need for control and information
      • Economies of scale
    • Decentralization & Small Business
      • Communication needs
      • Lower cost of management tasks
      • Low maintenance technology
  • 14. Business Trends & Implications
    • Temporary Workers
      • Managing through rules
      • Finding and evaluating workers
      • Coordination and control
      • Personal advancement through technology
      • Security
    • Internationalization
      • Communication
      • Product design
      • System development and programming
      • Sales and marketing
    • Service Orientation
      • Management jobs are information jobs
      • Customer service requires better information
      • Speed
  • 15. Changing Business Environment
    • US History: Farmer Laborer Management
    14 59 25 3 2000 13 52 32 3 1980 12 43 36 9 1960 8 30 38 23 1940 6% 22% 44% 29% 1920 Service Mgt Mfg Farm Year
  • 16. Business Trend Summary
    • Management jobs are information jobs
    • Customer service requires better information
    • Speed
    Service Orientation
    • Communication
    • Product design
    • System development and programming
    • Sales and marketing
    Internationalization
    • Managing through rules
    • Finding and evaluating workers
    • Coordination and control
    • Personal advancement through technology
    • Security
    Temporary Workers
    • Communication needs
    • Lower cost of management tasks
    • Low maintenance technology
    Decentralization & Small Business
    • Four or five big firms dominate most industries
    • Need for communication
    • Strategic ties to customers and suppliers
    Mergers
    • Reduction of middle management
    • Increased data sharing
    • Increased analysis by top management
    • Computer support for rules
    • Re-engineering
    Methodology & Franchises
    • Increased demand for technical skills
    • Specialized MIS tools
    • Increased communication
    Specialization Implications for Technology Business Trend
  • 17. MIS Organization Business Operations Tactical Management Strategic Mgt. EIS ES DSS Transaction Process Control
  • 18. Operations, Tactics,Strategy
  • 19. Decision Levels Transactions, accounting, human resource management, inventory. Scheduling employees, ordering supplies. Day-to-day actions to keep the company functioning. Operations Expenses, schedules, sales, models, forecasts. New tools to cut costs or improve efficiency. Improving operations without restructuring the company. Tactical External events, rivals, sales, costs quality, trends. New product that will change the industry. Competitive advantage, become a market leader. Long-term outlook. Strategic Type of Information Example Description Decision Level
  • 20. Introduction to Strategy
    • Risk & Reward
    • Creativity
    • Porter’s External Agents
      • Customers
      • Suppliers
      • Competitors
      • Government
  • 21. Baxter/Strategy Supply storeroom Supply Closets Hospital Warehouse Supplier Typical Supply Relationship Supplier Supplier American Hospital Supply
  • 22. Baxter/Strategy Supply Closets Hospital Warehouse Supplier Baxter Supplier Supplier AHS/Baxter Computer Link Computer Monitor Usage data Deliver Supplies as needed Accurate usage data Free space American Hospital Supply
  • 23. Strategy/Porter Rivalry Among Existing Competitors Bargaining Power of Buyers Bargaining Power of Suppliers Threat of New Entrants Threat of Substitute Products or Services
  • 24. Strategy/Organization
    • Strength
      • Source of strength
      • Value of strength
      • How can it be developed?
      • What could undermine it?
      • Development costs
      • Additional benefits (opportunities)
    • Weaknesses
      • Effect on company
      • Possible solutions
      • Cost of solution
      • Result and cost of leaving as-is (do nothing)
  • 25. Cases: Fast Food Industry McDonald’s uses a considerable amount of information technology to maintain consistency, monitor employees, and track sales.
  • 26. Cases: McDonald’s Rainforest Café Dave & Busters www.mcdonalds.com www.rainforestcafe.com Dave and Busters What is the company’s current status? What is the Internet strategy? How does the company use information technology? What are the prospects for the industry?
  • 27. Appendix: Finding Information
    • Organization
      • Boolean searches
      • You know what you are searching for.
      • You have a vague idea about what you want.
  • 28. Appendix: Boolean Searches Truth Table Colombia 1,889,871 Medellin 37,682 Medellin AND terrorism 575 (terror OR bomb OR kidnap) 1,920,549 (terrorism OR bombing OR kidnap) 1,012,458 Medellin AND (terror OR bomb OR kidnap) 1,563 Medellin AND (terror OR bomb OR kidnap) AND American AND (dead OR death) 535
  • 29. Appendix: Search Engines
    • Full text Web searches
      • Altavista www.altavista.com
      • Dogpile www.dogpile.com
      • Google www.google.com
      • Lycos www.lycos.com
      • Search www.search.com
      • Webcrawler www.webcrawler.com
      • Wisenut www.wisenut.com
    • Category Web searches
      • Yahoo www.yahoo.com
    • People and businesses
      • ATT www.tollfree.att.net
      • Superpages www.superpages.com
      • Switchboard www.switchboard.com
  • 30. Appendix: You Know What You Want ITT corporate merger with “white knight”. ITT 81,801 ITT corporate merger 908 ITT corporate merger “white knight” 26 Details: Hilton attempted to buy ITT to gain control of their Sheraton Inns. Instead, ITT sold out to a “ white knight” (Starwood Lodging) in 1997.
  • 31. Appendix: You Start With a Vague Topic “ white knight” 47,000 “ white knight” corporate 5,060 “ white knight” corporate NOT (history, Canada, India) 2,820 “ white knight” corporate merger NOT (history, Canada, India) 699 “ white knight” corporate merger NOT (history, Canada, India, Germany, foreign) 463