Literary elements theme


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Literary elements theme

  1. 1. Literary Elements What parts make up a a story?
  2. 2. Story GrammarSettingCharactersPlotClimaxThemeResolutionDenouement
  3. 3. Setting Time and place are where the action occursDetails that describe: Furniture Scenery Customs Transportation Clothing Dialects Weather Time of day Time of year
  4. 4. Elements of a Setting L o c a t io n L i f e E r a P l a c e T i m ePhysilca S e t i n g H ir s to y Ae tp mo s h e r D a y M o d F e ls i ng W o rd C h o i c e Uitoarwi sstoctikgt evaplee arten.r ati roW c voe a d W e a t h er tehohdt hnavdd etorrae wboatn b rens o des e u cetiehlsei rohteaa eeesnhd aas.aaf t rTssr l n ac n i n .
  5. 5. The Functions of a Setting To create a mood or We left the home place behind, mile by slow mile, heading for the mountains, atmosphere across the prairie where the wind blew To show a reader a forever. At first there were four of us with different way of life one horse wagon and its skimpy load. Pa To make action seem and I walked, because I was a big boy of eleven. My two little sisters romped and more real trotted until they got tired and had to be To be the source of boosted up to the wagon bed. That was no covered Conestoga, like conflict or struggle Pa’s folks came West in, but just an old To symbolize an idea farm wagon, drawn by one weary horse, creaking and rumbling westward to the mountains, toward the little woods town where Pa thought he had an old uncle who owned a little two-bit sawmill. Taken from “The Day the Sun Came Out” by D. Johnson
  6. 6. Types of CharactersPeople or animalsMajor charactersMinor charactersRound charactersFlat characters
  7. 7. CharacterizationA writer reveals what a character is like and how the character changes throughout the story.Two primary methods of characterization: Direct- writer tells what the character is like Indirect- writer shows what a character is like by describing what the character looks like, by telling what the character says and does, and by what other characters say about and do in response to the character.
  8. 8. Direct Characterization …And I don’t play the dozens or believein standing around with somebody in my facedoing a lot of talking. I much rather justknock you down and take my chances even ifI’m a little girl with skinny arms and asqueaky voice, which is how I got the nameSqueaky. From “Raymond’s Run” by T. Bambara
  9. 9. Indirect Characterization The old man bowed to all of usin the room. Then he removed hishat and gloves, slowly and carefully. Chaplin once did that in a picture,in a bank--he was the janitor. From “Gentleman of Rio en Medio” by J. Sedillo
  10. 10. Elements of Character F u l y R es li at v e F rs id en D ed v e le o p M a i n M i n o r N o ty F u lPsrootti a g n C h a r c t e r D ed v e le o p F l a t C o -i Ma n A nt tn ag o i s E n e m y
  11. 11. Factors in Analyzing CharactersPhysical appearance of characterPersonalityBackground/personal historyMotivationRelationshipsConflictDoes character change?
  12. 12. PlotPlot is what happens and howit happens in a narrative. Anarrative is any work that tellsa story, such as a short story, anovel, a drama, or a narrativepoem.
  13. 13. Parts of a PlotInciting incident – event that gives rise to conflict (opening situation)Development- events that occur as result of central conflict (rising action)Climax- highest point of interest or suspense of storyResolution- when conflict endsDenouement- when characters go back to their life before the conflict
  14. 14. Diagram of Plot Climax Res Ac nt/ o n l ut i ing me tio Ris velop on DeIntroduction DenouementInciting incident/Opening situation
  15. 15. Special Techniques of PlotSuspense- excitement or tensionForeshadowing- hint or clue about what will happen in storyFlashback- interrupts the normal sequence of events to tell about something that happened in the pastSurprise Ending- conclusion that reader does not expect
  16. 16. ConflictConflict is a struggle between opposing forcesEvery plot must contain some kind of conflictStories can have more than one conflictConflicts can be external or internal External conflict- outside force may be person, group, animal, nature, or a nonhuman obstacle Internal conflict- takes place in a character’s mind
  17. 17. ThemeA central message, concern, or insight into life expressed through a literary workCan be expressed by one or two sentence statement about human beings or about lifeMay be stated directly or impliedInterpretation uncovers the theme
  18. 18. Example of Theme“Every man needs to feel allegiance tohis native country, whether he alwaysappreciates that country or not.” From “A Man Without a Country” by Edward Hale pg. 185 in Prentice Hall Literature book