GRAMMAR BOOK
Spanish 3
Kipa Norton
TABLE OF CONTENTS
g. 3- Por and Para
g. 8- Possessive Adj.&Pronouns
g. 9- Commands
g. 10- Present subjunctive
g. 11- Verbs...
POR AND PARA
oth por and para mean for, but they are not interchangeable. Study their uses in the
charts.
or is like going...
USES OF POR
otion or a general location
uration of an action
bject of a search
eans by which something is done (by, by way...
CONT.

or is used in several idiomatic expressions

hen giving an exact time, de is used instead of por before la manana, ...
PARA
estination
eadline or a specific time in the future
urpose or goal (+infinitive)
urpose + (noun/verb)
he recipient of...
POR AND PARA
ften, either por or para can be used in a sentence. The meaning of the
sentence changes, depneding on which o...
POSSESSIVE ADJ.&PRONOUNS

Mi(s)

Nuestro

Tu(s)

Vuestro

Su(s)

Su(s)

Long Form-Singular
Mío(a)

Nuesto(a)

Tuyo(a)

Vue...
LOS MANDATOS
Tú-Simply drop the ‘s’
Los irregulares- di, haz,
pon, sal, sé, ten, ven

Tù- put it in ‘yo’ form
and change t...
PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE
1. Put the verb in the yo form
2. Drop the o ending
3. Add endings

Ar verbs

Er/Ir verbs

E

A

Es

A...
SUBJUNCTIVES WITH VERBS OF WILL
AND INFLUENCE
Verbs of Will & Influence
Sugerir(
e-ie)- to
suggest
Rogar(oue)- to beg,
to ...
SUBJUNCTIVE WITH VERBS OF
EMOTION
legrarse (de)- To be happy

sperar- To hope, to wish

entir (e-ie)- To be sorry, to regr...
DOUBT, DISBELIEF AND
DENIAL

udar- to doubt

egar (e-ie)- to deny

s imposible – it’s impossible

s improbable- it’s impro...
IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS

14
CONJUNCTIONS
- sin que (without)
- para que (so that)
- a fin de que ( so that)
- antes de que (before)
-a menos que (unle...
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Grammar book

  1. 1. GRAMMAR BOOK Spanish 3 Kipa Norton
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS g. 3- Por and Para g. 8- Possessive Adj.&Pronouns g. 9- Commands g. 10- Present subjunctive g. 11- Verbs of Will & Influence g. 12- Subjunctive With Verbs of Emotion 2
  3. 3. POR AND PARA oth por and para mean for, but they are not interchangeable. Study their uses in the charts. or is like going through ara is going towards something ara is usually used right before an infinitive 3
  4. 4. USES OF POR otion or a general location uration of an action bject of a search eans by which something is done (by, by way of, by means of) xchange or substitution 4
  5. 5. CONT. or is used in several idiomatic expressions hen giving an exact time, de is used instead of por before la manana, la tarde, and la noche legue a las diez de la noche (I arrived at 10 pm) e gusta estudiar por la noche (I like to study during the night) 5
  6. 6. PARA estination eadline or a specific time in the future urpose or goal (+infinitive) urpose + (noun/verb) he recipient of something (for) omparisons or opinions (for, considering) 6
  7. 7. POR AND PARA ften, either por or para can be used in a sentence. The meaning of the sentence changes, depneding on which one is used amine por el parque Camine para el parque I walked through the park I walked to (toward) the park. 7
  8. 8. POSSESSIVE ADJ.&PRONOUNS Mi(s) Nuestro Tu(s) Vuestro Su(s) Su(s) Long Form-Singular Mío(a) Nuesto(a) Tuyo(a) Vuestro(a) Suyo(a) Suyo(a) Plural Míos(as) Nuestros(as) Tuyos(as) Vuestros(as) Suyos(as) Suyos(as) 8
  9. 9. LOS MANDATOS Tú-Simply drop the ‘s’ Los irregulares- di, haz, pon, sal, sé, ten, ven Tù- put it in ‘yo’ form and change to opposite vowel, and add an ‘s’ Los irregularesTVDISHES Ud./Uds.- put it in ‘yo’ form and change to opposite vowel DOP+IOP+’se’ can attach to an affirmative DOP+IOP+’se’ must go before the negative command los irregulares- TVDISHES Ud./Uds.-same as above Los irregularesTVDISHES 9
  10. 10. PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE 1. Put the verb in the yo form 2. Drop the o ending 3. Add endings Ar verbs Er/Ir verbs E A Es As E A Emos Amos Éis Áis En An 10
  11. 11. SUBJUNCTIVES WITH VERBS OF WILL AND INFLUENCE Verbs of Will & Influence Sugerir( e-ie)- to suggest Rogar(oue)- to beg, to plead Recomendar (e-ie)- to recommand Aconsejar -to advise Importarto be important Insistir Verbs of Will (en)- to & Influence insist Prohibir - to prohibit Mandarto order 11
  12. 12. SUBJUNCTIVE WITH VERBS OF EMOTION legrarse (de)- To be happy sperar- To hope, to wish entir (e-ie)- To be sorry, to regret oprender- To surprise emer- To surprise 12
  13. 13. DOUBT, DISBELIEF AND DENIAL udar- to doubt egar (e-ie)- to deny s imposible – it’s impossible s improbable- it’s improbable o es cierto- it’s not true, it’s not certain 13
  14. 14. IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS 14
  15. 15. CONJUNCTIONS - sin que (without) - para que (so that) - a fin de que ( so that) - antes de que (before) -a menos que (unless) 15

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