SPANISH SUCCESSION WAR Name Philip Anjou as heir PHILIP V, BOURBONCARLOS II DINASTY (FRANCE) ARCHDUKE CHARLESHABSBURG AUSTRIA •CLAIMS FOR THE SPANISH THRONE •EUROPE FEARS AN ABSOLUTE FRENCH HEGEMONY
PHILIP V Policy• Centralization, rationalization and modernization• EDICT OF NUEVA PLANTA: Privileges and liberties of Aragon, Valencia, Majorca and Catalonia were abolished.• Army more proffessional• Control over Church?• Naples and Sicily
NATIONAL DAY OF CATALONIA On September 11, the Spanish region of Catalonia commemorates the 1714 Siege of Barcelona defeat during the War of the Spanish Succession. As correction for their support to the claim of Habsburg Archduke Charles to the throne of Spain, institutions and rights of the territories of the Crown of Aragon were abolished by the victorious Bourbon monarchy
ROYAL PALACE OF LA GRANJA • summer residence of the Kings of Spain since the reign of Philip V. • Baroque style
CHARLES III• Team of ministers: Floridablanca, Olavide…• Military reform: Academies (Segovia i.e.)• ENSENADA`S CADASTRE: Detailed survey of properties. It was abandoned• RIOT Of ESQUILACHE: Foreign minister, high prices Esquilache dismissed Jesuits expelled• ABOLITION OF MESTA, COMMUNITIES, NEW FACTORIES AND SAN CARLOS BANK• AMERICAN WAR INDEPENDENCE : FLORIDA AND MENORCA
Origen bandera EspañaPuerta Alcalá Museo del Prado
SPANISH ENLIGHTEMENT• National Library, Spanish Academy, Academy of History• Feijoo: Teatro critico universal vs superstition• Newspapers: El Pensador, El Censor, El Correo• Prado Museum, Alcala Gate, Botanical Garden• ECONOMIC SOCIETIES: Institutions that encourage reforms
DEMOGRAPHY AND SOCIETY• 7.6 million inhabitants (1716) 10. 5 million inhabitants 1797. Life expectancy: 27 years• Nobility and Clergy was upper class. They lost some power. Third state, rural society in general. High rent. Middle class increased.