Govt. MAM. College Jammu A Seminar Presentation On “Secular and Spiritual Values in Management”Submitted By: Submitted To:Shruti Kak (15), Mrs. Jyoti SharmaBBA Part- II Department Of Management Studies (BBA)
Contents•Introduction (Spirituality)• Spiritual Practices• Spiritual Needs• Characteristics of Spiritual Wellbeing• Role of Management in Spirituality• Spiritual Distress• Factors for Spiritual Distress• Introduction (Secularism)• Features of Secularism• Arguments against Secularism• Ill effects of Secular Management• Difference between Secular andSpiritual values in Management• Examples
SpiritualitySpirituality involves a belief in a relationship withsome higher power, divine being or infinitesource of energy. Derived from Latin wordSPIRITUS which refers to “breath” or “wind”.Social scientists have defined spirituality as thesearch for "the sacred," where "the sacred" isbroadly defined as that which is set apart fromthe ordinary and worthy of veneration
Spiritual PracticesA spiritual practice or spiritual discipline (oftenincluding spiritual exercises) is the regular or full-time performance of actions and activitiesundertaken for the purpose of cultivating spiritualdevelopment.Spiritual practices mayinclude meditation, mindfulness, prayer, and thecontemplation of sacredtexts; ethical development. Love and/orcompassion are often described as the mainstay ofspiritual development.
Characteristics of SpiritualWellbeing• Seeking to surpass their ego (i.e. their own self-interests)• Awareness and acceptance of theirinterconnectedness with others, creation and theirUltimate Concern• Understanding the higher significance of theiractions• Believing in something beyond the materialuniverse which ultimately gives value to all else•Humor•Wisdom
Role of Management inSpirituality• Having an organizational vision/mission thathelps individuals make a difference in the worldthey could not otherwise make;• Leading and managing by using values that drivefear and abuse out of the workplace and engagethe hearts and minds of people;• allowing for decision-making responsibilitythrough self-managed, empowered teams;• trusting people and letting them be who they areto use and develop their gifts and skills;
Spiritual Distress• Questions the meaning of life• Afraid to fall asleep at night or other fears• Anger at God/higher power• Questions own belief system• Feels a sense of emptiness; loss of direction
Factors Leading to SpiritualDistressPhysiological problems- Loss of a body part or function.Situational factors- Death/ illness of a significant person.- Inability to practice one‟s spiritual ritualsTreatment related factors- Surgery- Dietary restrictions
SecularismThe fundamental principle of Secularism is that in hiswhole conduct, man should be guide exclusively byconsiderations derived from the present life itself.In one sense, secularism may assert the right to be freefrom religious rule and teachings, and the right tofreedom from governmental imposition of religion uponthe people within a state that is neutral on matters ofbelief.
Features of secularism• Primary- emphasis on the material and culturalimprovement of Human beings.• Respect for and search for all truth, whatever be itssource which can be tested in reality to observewhether it leads to human betterment• An independent rational morality, which does not baseitself on faith in divine commandments• Concern for current age or world and its improvement
Arguments against Secularism•Labour management conflict is out of control.•Workers arc demoralized.•Nature is exploited ruthlessly.•Human welfare is neglected.
Ill Effects of Secular Management• Management acted as a handmaid of profit, and themotto was more and more money at any cost.• Under such management we got „external growth at thecost of internal growth.• Man as a human being stands nowhere.• There is no human approach. We have erosionof ethical, spiritual, moral and human values.
Difference between Secular and spiritualValues in ManagementOne would have to first make the point thatreligious belief does not necessarily result invirtue, honesty, a good work ethic, or pretty muchanything else that a manager in business wouldwant in an employee. Religion is not required inorder for a person to be good. Persons who haveno religious beliefs -- who are, in fact, declaredatheists; aka, "secular humanists" -- often cite theso-called "Golden Rule" as their reason for beingvirtuous, honest, and good workers.
Case StudiesIndian Rationalist Association is a voluntary organisationin India whose 100,000 members promote scientificskepticism and critique supernatural claims. It publishesbooks and magazines, organizes seminars and lecturesand its representatives regularly appear in TV and printmedia exposing superstitions.The Indian Rationalist Association attempts to opposesuperstition and pseudoscience in India. It has led mediaand educational campaigns debunking the Monkey-manof Delhi monster hysteria, god men, claims of miraculousmilk-drinking statues, superstitions related to solareclipses, and even the beliefs behind ritual humansacrifices.
ArticleTHE CENTER FOR VISIONARY LEADERSHIP(Helping people develop the inner, spiritual resources to beeffective leaders)SPIRITUALITY AND ETHICS IN BUSINESSMany people today are finding that there‟s more to life—andbusiness—than profits alone. Money as the single bottomline is increasingly a thing of the past. In a post-Enronworld, values and ethics are an urgent concern. The hottestbuzz today is about a “triple bottom line,” a commitment to“people, planet, profit.” Employees and the environment areseen as important as economics. Some people say it‟s allabout bringing your spiritual values into your workplace. Apoll published in USA Today found that 6 out of 10 peoplesay workplaces would benefit from having a great sense ofspirit in their work environment.
ConclusionEven though spiritual leadership does share somecommon traits with secular leadership, they do have thedifference in their fundamental values and ultimategoals.We can summaries that secular gives centrifugal forceand outlook and spiritual gives centripetal. For balancingboth are necessary