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Memory           EVO Session 2013    Braining-Up Your English Lessons                 Week 3February, 2013                ...
We are who we arebecause of what we learn and what we remember            neuroscientist Eric Kandel
Memory in Brain●   No single brain center stores memory●   Each part of the brain most likely contributes    differently t...
Short-term memory●   Stores information that you need to remember    in the following seconds, minutes or hours.●   An exa...
Repeat to remember:           Short-term memory●   Most of the events that predict whether    something learned also will ...
Long-term memory●   Stores information that your brain retains    because it is important to you.●   Basic information rem...
Long-term memory●   Explicit memories are facts that you made a    conscious effort to learn and that you can    remember ...
Long-term memoryInteresting!There are large age-related differences withexplicit memory, but age has little or no effecton...
Remember to repeat:           Long-term memory●   Our brains give us only an approximate view of    reality, because they ...
Sleep●   Sleep is vital for the consolidation and    integration of memories during the formation    process.●   Sleep is ...
Learning involves 3 steps for         memory formation●   1. encoding●   2. consolidation and integration●   3. recall
Sleep is vital for the 2nd stage●   The last 2 hours of our sleep are most critical    for consolidation and yet our sleep...
Interesting links about memory●   Memory Wiki●   Memory Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy●   Memory Medline Plus●   Und...
Source: How many things of our memory are true?
●   Thank you for your attention!●   Hope you will remember some interesting facts!
Memory           EVO Session 2013    Braining-Up Your English Lessons                 Week 3February, 2013                ...
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Memory

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Transcript of "Memory"

  1. 1. Memory EVO Session 2013 Braining-Up Your English Lessons Week 3February, 2013 Maja Dakic-Brkovic about me
  2. 2. We are who we arebecause of what we learn and what we remember neuroscientist Eric Kandel
  3. 3. Memory in Brain● No single brain center stores memory● Each part of the brain most likely contributes differently to permanent memory storage
  4. 4. Short-term memory● Stores information that you need to remember in the following seconds, minutes or hours.● An example would be a telephone message that you are given and must remember until you pass it on.
  5. 5. Repeat to remember: Short-term memory● Most of the events that predict whether something learned also will be remembered occur in the first few seconds of learning.● You can improve your chances of remembering something if you reproduce the environment in which you first put it into your brain.
  6. 6. Long-term memory● Stores information that your brain retains because it is important to you.● Basic information remembered includes names of family and friends, your address, as well as information on how to do certain activities and tasks.● Long-term memory can be further divided into explicit, implicit and semantic memory.
  7. 7. Long-term memory● Explicit memories are facts that you made a conscious effort to learn and that you can remember at will, for example, the names of state capitals.● Implicit memory is information you draw on automatically in order to perform actions such as driving a car or riding a bicycle.● Semantic memories are facts that are so deeply ingrained they require no effort to recall. An example would be the months of the year.
  8. 8. Long-term memoryInteresting!There are large age-related differences withexplicit memory, but age has little or no effecton implicit or semantic memory. Source: Harvard Medical School
  9. 9. Remember to repeat: Long-term memory● Our brains give us only an approximate view of reality, because they mix new knowledge with past memories and store them together as one.● The way to make long-term memory more reliable is to incorporate new information gradually and repeat it in timed intervals.
  10. 10. Sleep● Sleep is vital for the consolidation and integration of memories during the formation process.● Sleep is biological creativity.● The difference in how the brain handles learned information before and after sleep is the difference between knowledge and wisdom.
  11. 11. Learning involves 3 steps for memory formation● 1. encoding● 2. consolidation and integration● 3. recall
  12. 12. Sleep is vital for the 2nd stage● The last 2 hours of our sleep are most critical for consolidation and yet our sleep is often cut short.● Sleep physically changes the geography of memories.● After sleep the location in the brain of our learning has actually moved.
  13. 13. Interesting links about memory● Memory Wiki● Memory Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy● Memory Medline Plus● Understanding Memory (Youtube video 3.48 min.)● Memory and Learning Canadian Institutes of Health Research● Memory Boosters Psychology Today● Memory Improvement Techniques Mind Tools
  14. 14. Source: How many things of our memory are true?
  15. 15. ● Thank you for your attention!● Hope you will remember some interesting facts!
  16. 16. Memory EVO Session 2013 Braining-Up Your English Lessons Week 3February, 2013 Maja Dakic-Brkovic about me
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