Code and Power                            CCR 633 ::: 4/14/11Friday, April 15, 2011
code as writingFriday, April 15, 2011
critical code studiesFriday, April 15, 2011
What shifts when writing                    isn’t human-readable?Friday, April 15, 2011
“Code is the only language that is                         executable, meaning that it is the first                        ...
How do we split agency                     between humans and                         machines?Friday, April 15, 2011
Who is doing what to                  whom? For whom?                  How does technology                  reinforce or f...
Does the context of                          war continue to                           influence these                     ...
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Heinrich HimmlerFriday, April 15, 2011
Dr. Josef MengeleFriday, April 15, 2011
Nazis were not just                         monstrous grown-upsFriday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Luftwaffe PilotFriday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
SS-Sturmman, Wiking DivisionFriday, April 15, 2011
Not just men, either.Friday, April 15, 2011
Eva BraunFriday, April 15, 2011
Irma GreseFriday, April 15, 2011
Senior Auschwitz SupervisorFriday, April 15, 2011
30,000 prisonersFriday, April 15, 2011
19 years oldFriday, April 15, 2011
ordinary peopleFriday, April 15, 2011
not so different from usFriday, April 15, 2011
who did the daily work                       of the Holocaust.Friday, April 15, 2011
LaToya:                  we can see nothing happens in vacuum. There is no direct link                  between new techno...
Part 1: EniacFriday, April 15, 2011
“A computer was a human being until                     approximately 1945. After that date, the term                     ...
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
“The ENIAC was then told to solve a difficult                  problem that would have required several weeks’             ...
Tim:                  But this story is bigger than a story of inclusion. These stories are                  stories of wa...
Part II: HollerithFriday, April 15, 2011
Tim:                   all these inscription technologies, from clay tokens right up to                  punch cards and t...
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Friday, April 15, 2011
Tim:                  How might we, as teachers of art and writing inscription,                  continually politicize th...
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Code & Power: Discussion Notes

  1. 1. Code and Power CCR 633 ::: 4/14/11Friday, April 15, 2011
  2. 2. code as writingFriday, April 15, 2011
  3. 3. critical code studiesFriday, April 15, 2011
  4. 4. What shifts when writing isn’t human-readable?Friday, April 15, 2011
  5. 5. “Code is the only language that is executable, meaning that it is the first discourse that is materially affective.” - Alexander Galloway, ProtocolFriday, April 15, 2011
  6. 6. How do we split agency between humans and machines?Friday, April 15, 2011
  7. 7. Who is doing what to whom? For whom? How does technology reinforce or facilitate that?Friday, April 15, 2011
  8. 8. Does the context of war continue to influence these technologies?Friday, April 15, 2011
  9. 9. Friday, April 15, 2011
  10. 10. Friday, April 15, 2011
  11. 11. Friday, April 15, 2011
  12. 12. Heinrich HimmlerFriday, April 15, 2011
  13. 13. Dr. Josef MengeleFriday, April 15, 2011
  14. 14. Nazis were not just monstrous grown-upsFriday, April 15, 2011
  15. 15. Friday, April 15, 2011
  16. 16. Friday, April 15, 2011
  17. 17. Friday, April 15, 2011
  18. 18. Luftwaffe PilotFriday, April 15, 2011
  19. 19. Friday, April 15, 2011
  20. 20. SS-Sturmman, Wiking DivisionFriday, April 15, 2011
  21. 21. Not just men, either.Friday, April 15, 2011
  22. 22. Eva BraunFriday, April 15, 2011
  23. 23. Irma GreseFriday, April 15, 2011
  24. 24. Senior Auschwitz SupervisorFriday, April 15, 2011
  25. 25. 30,000 prisonersFriday, April 15, 2011
  26. 26. 19 years oldFriday, April 15, 2011
  27. 27. ordinary peopleFriday, April 15, 2011
  28. 28. not so different from usFriday, April 15, 2011
  29. 29. who did the daily work of the Holocaust.Friday, April 15, 2011
  30. 30. LaToya: we can see nothing happens in vacuum. There is no direct link between new technologies and their consequences whether they are good, bad, or somewhere in the middle; there is always a middle man, woman, group, or human force whose will and/ or intention is the determining factor. I maintain that there is no neutral technology where there is human influence. ... With this in mind, how can we re-member and learn from the ways that technology has been used in the past to oppress, or create conditions that oppress others? How might this process of re-membering inform and bring about more ethical practices in the future?Friday, April 15, 2011
  31. 31. Part 1: EniacFriday, April 15, 2011
  32. 32. “A computer was a human being until approximately 1945. After that date, the term referred to a machine and the former human computers became “operators.”Friday, April 15, 2011
  33. 33. Friday, April 15, 2011
  34. 34. Friday, April 15, 2011
  35. 35. Friday, April 15, 2011
  36. 36. Friday, April 15, 2011
  37. 37. Friday, April 15, 2011
  38. 38. Friday, April 15, 2011
  39. 39. “The ENIAC was then told to solve a difficult problem that would have required several weeks’ work by a trained man. The ENIAC did it in exactly 15 seconds.” The “15 seconds” claim ignores the time women spent setting up each problem on the machine. (474)Friday, April 15, 2011
  40. 40. Tim: But this story is bigger than a story of inclusion. These stories are stories of war machines. Of “megamachines,” to quote Lewis Mumford via Cynthia Haynes. And this story is about the colonial price of inclusion in the halls of power–at any position. Because no matter how utopian Vannevar Bush made the memex sound, the ENIAC girls were partaking in–helping to perfect–machines of ultimate control. Death machines. The megamachine. What price, inclusion? What price, a more technical education and job? What price, to develop technologies that stop the Nazi’s (insert any other colonial monster here) and to enable them at the same time (remembering here the Onondaga land I’m actually on as I type this)? What price, to seek to include more and more in a system that cries out for radical transformation?Friday, April 15, 2011
  41. 41. Part II: HollerithFriday, April 15, 2011
  42. 42. Tim: all these inscription technologies, from clay tokens right up to punch cards and the ENIAC computer, have all been technologies originally developed as systems for those in power to control those without it. Whether it’s death (Hole 8), or taxes (clay tokens), technologies of inscription so often begin as systems of more efficient control.Friday, April 15, 2011
  43. 43. Friday, April 15, 2011
  44. 44. Friday, April 15, 2011
  45. 45. Friday, April 15, 2011
  46. 46. Tim: How might we, as teachers of art and writing inscription, continually politicize these technologies for ourselves and students? How might we inoculate ourselves against the silencing, the forgetting, the “oh gee, isn’t that cool?” that so often accompanies our professionalization, our technology use, our everyday practices, that we might work to be more like Minnie Bruce and excavate real use-able histories that might point us to better methods of imagination for transformation?Friday, April 15, 2011
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