Kk day 2 am 7th speaker DR SOETANTO developing sustainable and effective nutrient management packages for
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Kk day 2 am 7th speaker DR SOETANTO developing sustainable and effective nutrient management packages for

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Kk day 2 am 7th speaker DR SOETANTO developing sustainable and effective nutrient management packages for Kk day 2 am 7th speaker DR SOETANTO developing sustainable and effective nutrient management packages for Presentation Transcript

  • DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE AND EFFECTIVE NUTRIENTMANAGEMENT PACKAGES FOR COCOA PRODUCTION Soetanto Abdoellah INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE CACAO INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION OF MINDANAO, INC. (CIDAMI) AND ACDI/VOCA Apo View Hotel, Davao City, November 21 – 23, 2012
  • GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) GOOD HANDLING PRACTICES (GHP) Land suitability evaluation Land preparation Nursery Shade Planting Pruning Fertilization, soil-water conservation Pest-disease-weed control Harvesting, processing, storage
  • LAND• Climate – Dry month max 5/yr• Soil – Effective depth > 60 cm – pH 4,0-8,0 – Loamy texture
  • Leguminous crops for shade
  • SHADE & PRUNING• Optimum shade – Leguminous crops – Productive crops Optimum pruning • Time • Frequency
  • COCOA - AGROFORESTRY
  • Fertilization1000 kg cocoa dry beans contain :•N : 68,4 kg, equiv. 258 kg Urea•P : 12,6 kg, equiv. 60 kg SP36•K : 145,2 kg, equiv. 290 kg KCl•Mg : 13,6 kg, equiv. 62 kg Kieserit•Ca : 16,4 kg, equiv. 39 kg Dolomite
  • OPTIMUM FERTILIZATION• Organic – C/N – Dose• Inorganic – Kind – Dose• Based on soil/leaf analysis
  • Tentative fertilizers for cocoa (When there is no soil analysis results)Age/Stadium Unit Kieserite (NPK) 15-10-20Nursery g/seedling (15) yr g/tree/yr (75) yr g/tree/yr (135) yr g/tree/yr (270) yr g/tree/yr (540) yr g/tree/yr (660) Organic manure 5-20 kg/tree/yr
  • Soil & Water Conservation• Terrace (for > 15% slope)• Mulching• Pit
  • Soil & Water Conservation• Water conservation – Biopore – Organic matter – Soil microbes
  • Pod husk for organic matter source• Healthy pod