CURRENT STATUS OF COCOA PLANTING MATERIALS IN      INDONESIA                   Agung Wahyu Susilo              E-mail : so...
BREEDING STRATEGY                         INTRODUCTION                          EXPLORATION       Germplasm               ...
THE 1st GENERATION(Fine-cocoa era)• Time : 1912—1970s.• Focused to select fine-cocoa clones.• Breeding materials is the in...
The selected clones                         DR 1   DR 2   DR 38   DRC 16   GC 7• Yield (tones/ha) :     1.50   2.16   1.50...
THE 2nd GENERATION(Bulk-cocoa era)• Time : 1970s—1990s• Focused to select bulk-cocoa clones & hybrids• Breeding materials ...
The selected clones                         ICS 13 ICS 60   TSH 858 RCC 70   PA 300 NIC 7• Yield (tones/ha) :     1.83    ...
THE 3rd GENERATION(Pest-Disease era)• Time : 1990s—now• Focus to select both of the bulk-cocoa clones, fine-cocoa  clones,...
The selected clonesFine-cocoa                   ICCRI 01               ICCRI 02• Yield (tones/ha) :     2.50              ...
The selected clonesBulk-cocoa                  ICCRI 03                  ICCRI 04• Yield (tones/ha) :     2.19            ...
ICCRI 06H- Hybrid
CPB-resistant clone            Sulawesi-3
CPB-resistant clone               ICCRI 07
PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH  OF COCOA FARMER ON  BREEDING ACTIVITY IN       INDONESIA            Agung Wahyu Susilo           E...
PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH ONCLONE SELECTION• Based on basic intuitive farmer select  the intended tree of vigorous genotype  ...
CRITERIA OF THE PREFFEREDLOCAL CLONE•   Continuously produce fruit to sustain    home income during the year.•   High prod...
Candidate ofSuperior Tree
Candidate of Superior Clone (Local Clone)from SouthSulawesi, Indonesia
Candidate of Superior Clone(Local Clone)In West Sumatera, Indonesia
Candidate of Superior Clone(Local Clone)In North Sumatera, Indonesia
Candidate for Fine Flavor Cocoain East Java                      Promising to VSD
Thanks You
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Kk day 2 am 5th speaker AGUNG cocoa breedingprogressinindonesia

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Kk day 2 am 5th speaker AGUNG cocoa breedingprogressinindonesia

  1. 1. CURRENT STATUS OF COCOA PLANTING MATERIALS IN INDONESIA Agung Wahyu Susilo E-mail : soesiloiccri@yahoo.com INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118 Indonesia, Phone: +62(0331)757130, Fax +62(0331)757131, website : www.iccri.net. E-mail : iccri@iccri.net.
  2. 2. BREEDING STRATEGY INTRODUCTION EXPLORATION Germplasm SELECTION collection Evaluation Individual & Crossing & Unselectedpopulation selection Selection genotypes PROMISING CLONE/HYBRID RECOMMENDED Adaptability Test CLONE/HYBRID
  3. 3. THE 1st GENERATION(Fine-cocoa era)• Time : 1912—1970s.• Focused to select fine-cocoa clones.• Breeding materials is the introduced hybrid of Trinitario.• Main issue : flavor• Based in Java.• Planting materials distributed just for big plantation.
  4. 4. The selected clones DR 1 DR 2 DR 38 DRC 16 GC 7• Yield (tones/ha) : 1.50 2.16 1.50 1.54 2.0• A dry bean (g) : 1.36 1.21 1.47 1.19 1.24• Self Compatibility : SI SC SC SC SI• PPR resistance : S S S R S• VSD resistance : S S S S S
  5. 5. THE 2nd GENERATION(Bulk-cocoa era)• Time : 1970s—1990s• Focused to select bulk-cocoa clones & hybrids• Breeding materials is Forastero Upper Amazon Hybrids which be introduced from Malaysia & some introduced clones. .• Main issue : Productivity & quality• Based in Sumatra.• The selected clones are mainly distributed for big plantation.
  6. 6. The selected clones ICS 13 ICS 60 TSH 858 RCC 70 PA 300 NIC 7• Yield (tones/ha) : 1.83 1.50 1.76 2.28 1.40 1.65• A dry bean (g) : 1.05 1.67 1.15 1.18 1.14 1.50• Self Compatibility : SC SI SI SC - SC• PPR resistance : M M M M M M• Fat content (%) : 52 54 56 57 54 53• VSD resistance : S M S S M S• CPB resistance : S S S - - -
  7. 7. THE 3rd GENERATION(Pest-Disease era)• Time : 1990s—now• Focus to select both of the bulk-cocoa clones, fine-cocoa clones, and hybrids• Breeding materials is hybrids population of Trinitario.• Main issue : Productivity, quality & pest/disease resistance• National based area.• Planting materials were already distributed for big plantation & cocoa smallholder. Some are still in developmental phase.
  8. 8. The selected clonesFine-cocoa ICCRI 01 ICCRI 02• Yield (tones/ha) : 2.50 2.37• A dry bean (g) : 1.36 1.32• Self Compatibility : SC SC• PPR resistance : R R• VSD resistance : S S
  9. 9. The selected clonesBulk-cocoa ICCRI 03 ICCRI 04• Yield (tones/ha) : 2.19 2.16• A dry bean (g) : 1.18 1.12• Self Compatibility : - -• PPR resistance : R R• Fat content (%) : 55 55• VSD resistance : MS MR
  10. 10. ICCRI 06H- Hybrid
  11. 11. CPB-resistant clone Sulawesi-3
  12. 12. CPB-resistant clone ICCRI 07
  13. 13. PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH OF COCOA FARMER ON BREEDING ACTIVITY IN INDONESIA Agung Wahyu Susilo E-mail : soesiloiccri@yahoo.com INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118 Indonesia, Phone: +62(0331)757130, Fax +62(0331)757131, website : www.iccri.net. E-mail : iccri@iccri.net.
  14. 14. PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH ONCLONE SELECTION• Based on basic intuitive farmer select the intended tree of vigorous genotype for their planting.• Pioneer work by pioneer farmer.• Initially mediated by extension.• Participative farmer depend on the training program.
  15. 15. CRITERIA OF THE PREFFEREDLOCAL CLONE• Continuously produce fruit to sustain home income during the year.• High productivity (1.5—2.0 tones/ha/yr).• Easily be propagated by using side- grafting or top grafting in the field.• Resistance to CPB or VSD.• Quality - buyer would give premium price for the beans.
  16. 16. Candidate ofSuperior Tree
  17. 17. Candidate of Superior Clone (Local Clone)from SouthSulawesi, Indonesia
  18. 18. Candidate of Superior Clone(Local Clone)In West Sumatera, Indonesia
  19. 19. Candidate of Superior Clone(Local Clone)In North Sumatera, Indonesia
  20. 20. Candidate for Fine Flavor Cocoain East Java Promising to VSD
  21. 21. Thanks You

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