Kk day 2 am 1st speaker lambert ingenic - kakaokonec nov 2012

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Kk day 2 am 1st speaker lambert ingenic - kakaokonec nov 2012

  1. 1. Developing improved cocoa clones for farmers INGENIC Asia/Pacific regional cocoa breeding group Members: Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Vietnam, India Smilja Lambert, Mars, Inc
  2. 2. Why regional collaboration in cocoa breeding/selection• The same pests/diseases in all countries in Asia/Pacific – CPB, Phytophtora pod rot and VSD• Regional activities complementing the national-level approach• Complementary gains that could not be achieved in national level• More opportunities for larger long term funding
  3. 3. INGENIC Regional Cocoa Breeders group• Established in June 2004• Asia/Pacific part of Global INGENIC cocoa breeding network• Involving all regional cocoa research institutions• 9th meeting in USM on 20 November
  4. 4. Focus of activities• Breeding/selections for high yielding clones in the presence of cocoa pod borer, Phytophthora pod rot and VSD• Threats by new diseases (Witches broom, Monilliophtora)
  5. 5. Regional exchange• Each collaborating institution produced 3 BEST hybrids and send to everybody 200 seeds of each - approx. 14,000 seeds exchanged• Each institution have received 15 different hybrids for field testing and selections of best high yielding clones adapted to local conditions• All institutions are receiving since 5 years funding from World Cocoa Foundation for field testing of these clones
  6. 6. How this exchange will help cocoafarmers in the Philippines and region??• Received hybrids made from the best clones: • High yielding • Low CPB infestation • Resistant to Phytophthora pod rot • Resistant to VSD • Big beans • High fat• New generation superior clones are being selected from these hybrid trees in USM
  7. 7. PBC 123 x LAFI 7
  8. 8. USM hybrids
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