4s6 malnutrition (student)

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Be moderate

Be moderate

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  • 1. Malnutrition
    01-07-2010
  • 2. Video clip
    http://www.worldhunger.org/articles/Learn/world%20hunger%20facts%202002.htm
  • 3. Learning Outcomes
    explain what malnutrition is
    explain the effects of malnutrition using examples,
  • 4. A condition caused by an unbalanced diet in which certain nutrients are:
    Malnutrition
    in
    wrong proportion
    Lacking
    in excess
  • 5. 2 types of malnutrition:
    A) Undernutrition –deficiency of ≥ 1 nutrients
    B) Overnutrition – overeating / excessive intake of specific nutrients
    Extra
  • 6. 19th century
    Mid 20th century
    Current era
    Diseases of dietary excess & imbalance
    • Too much food, but little control
    • 7. Disproportionate & overconsumption of foods high in fats
    • 8. Coronary heart disease
    • 9. Certain cancers
    • 10. Stroke
    • 11. Diabetes mellitus
    • 12. Atherosclerosis
    Nutrient deficiency diseases
    Scurvy
    Rickets
    Pellagra
    Beri-beri
    Xerophthalmia
    Goiter
  • 13. vs
  • 14.
  • 15. Lack of protein
    -increased interstitial fluid content
  • 16. Lack of protein
    -increased interstitial fluid content
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20. Lead to :
    dying at younger age
    Diabetes mellitus
    Cardiovascular diseases
    Osteoarthritis 骨性关节炎
    Respiratory problem
    Obesity
  • 21. Calculate your BMI
    weight(kg)
    BMI (kg/m2) =
    Height x Height(m2)
  • 22. Practice good eating habits
  • 23. Eat nutritious food according to recommended individual requirements
    Avoid junk foods, fast foods
    Eating a variety of foods
    Eating regularly
    Eating the necessary amount
    Drinking sufficient amounts of water
  • 24. Junk food
    • food that contains little or no nutrients apart from energy like chocolate, artificially flavoured aerated drinks, and crisps
    Chocolate ?
  • 25. Fast food
    • types of food cooked that are prepared in bulk and in advance and kept warm or reheated to order
    • 26. foods already made or cooked to order within minutes for consumption
  • It's low in fiber.
    It's high in palatability (that is, it tastes good).
    It offers a high number of calories in a small volume.
    It's high in fat.
    It’s high in sugar in liquid form
    Fast food
  • 27. A good diet
    is based on
    natural,
    whole or minimally
    processed foods
  • 28. http://www.worldhunger.org/articles/Learn/world%20hunger%20facts%202002.htm
    http://www.unicef.org/southafrica/SAF_resources_annual2009.pdf
    http://www.fao.org/hunger/en/