PENGUINS Magellanic Penguin is a south‐American penguin, breeding in coastal Argen6na, Chile and Falkland Island. With some migra6ng to Brazil. Its nearest rela6ves are the African, the Humbaldolt and the THE NINJA PENGUINS JOINING THE DINOSAURS... What do they eat? Organiza:on helping the Magellanic penguins These penguins prey on cuDleﬁsh, sardines, squids, krill and other ‐ SANCCOB (South African Founda5on for the Conserva5on of crustaceans, and ingest sea water with their prey. Their salt‐ Coastal Birds). They rescue penguins from oil spills, penguins excre6ng glands get rids the salt from their bodies. contaminated by ballast water q ‐ Penguin Founda5on located in MElbourne Australia. The associated B. Description of the area where Their Natural Predators penguin hospital rescues and rehabilitates injured and oiled LiDle your animal lives. (That’s its Their natural predators include the large, aqua6c carnivores that live Blue penguins. habitat.) in the southern hemisphere. The two major types are the leopard ‐ Yellow‐Eyed Penguin Trust in New Zealand. This associa6on are C. What things does it need to seal and the orca (killer whale). The skua (a predatory seabird similar working to save the yellow‐Eyed penguin. Their unique breeding survive? to a behavior – of not wan6ng to be within 60 feet of the next penguin large brown gull), which prey on penguin chicks. Predators on land nest – has led to the huge decline in their numbers.Deforesta6on D. What does it eat? How does it are the giant petrel (a type of seagull), kara kara and kelp gull. has aﬀected their habitat. ﬁt into the food web? ‐ DICT – Dyer Island Conserva5on Trust in South Africa. This Human Cause associa6on creates ar6ﬁcial nests for penguins in South Africa. E. What areas of the world does However the greatest causes of decline and the greatest threats are They have installed ﬁberglass burrows on the penguins’ breeding it live in? human related. These are loss of habitat, oil spills, deliberate islands, which the penguins have been successfully using. discharge of oily ballast water (water with heavy materials) from ‐ Penguins Eastern Cape in South Africa.F. What organizations are tanker, loss of food supply due to commercial over‐ﬁshing, being ‐ Ka6ki Point Penguin Charitable Trust in Moerkai, New Zealand.helping the species? How are caught up in ﬁshing nets and discarded ﬁshing lines, egg taking and they helping? What can be doneto help the species survive? loss of suitable nes6ng burrows due to harves6ng of guano What should we do? And Why? (excrement of seabirds). Yes, we should save this species. We can play our insigniﬁcant role G. Should we save this species? (But when everyone does, it will contribute signiﬁcantly) by donate How can we do this? Is this Tourism if carefully controlled does not pose too much of a threat to established penguin rescue, research and conserva6on possible to do in today’s world? though if the birds get frightened and run away predators may take organiza6ons. eggs. It is important for colonies to be fenced oﬀ from visitors to reduce stress and prevent visitor feet from collapsing the burrows. This is because they are not facing ex6nc6on due to their own predators or survival needs. We, humans are the direct cause. Heavy rain can cause ﬂooding of the burrows when the chicks can Thus, there’s always the need to put the toothpaste back into the get wet and cold and may die as their down is not waterproof. They tube. There’s no point messing with mother nature, when the adults and chicks can also get penguin ﬂeas. consequences are devasta6ng . Right? Ex6nc6on of a species of penguin seem so unrelated to human, but it will mess up the food chain, and in turn lead to serious results that we could not foresee.